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Chapter 1: June 2015

Q1)

Determine the cycle efficiency for the following data


Inlet Turbine
= 140 bar, 700C ; Inlet Condenser = 0.15 MPa

Q2)

Determine the cycle efficiency with an omitted work pump for the following data
Inlet Turbine
= 15 bar; Inlet Condenser
= 0.15 MPa, dry saturated

Q3)

A steam power plant operates between a boiler pressure of 30 bar and a condenser
pressure of 0.04 bar. Calculate for these limits the cycle efficiency, the work ratio, and
the specific steam consumption for a Rankine cycle with dry saturated steam at entry to
the turbine.

Q4)

In a steam power plant, dry saturated steam enters the turbine at 47 bar and is expanded
isentropically to the condenser pressure of 0.13 bar. Determine the Rankine cycle
efficiency when
a) The feed pump work is neglected
b) The feed pump work is taken into account

Q5)

A steam power plant operates between 7MPa and 6kPa. Steam exhaust from the main
combustion chamber at 500C and reheated to the initial temperature after the first
expansion process. The value of entropy after the second turbine is 8.324kJ/kJ.K and by
assuming the isentropic efficiency of high pressure turbine, low pressure turbine and
compressor is 0.90, 0.85 and 0.92 respectively; determine:
a) Value of all enthalpy
d)
Total work of the system
b) Actual work of compressor
e)
Cycle efficiency
(kJ/kg)
f)
Specific steam consumption
c) Total work provided by turbines

Q6)

A reheat steam power plant operates between 0.022 GPa at v = 1.111 x 10-2 m3/kg
and 400kPa. Determine the cycle efficiency, specific steam consumption and draw
the T-s diagram for each case below:
a)
The steam is reheated to 1.5MPa and 300C and the value of compressor is
omitted;
b)
The steam exhausted from the first turbine is dry saturated, value of
compressor is negligible and the isentropic efficiency of high pressure and
low pressure turbine is 0.9 and 0.85 respectively;
c)
The steam exhausted from the first turbine is dry saturated,, isentropic
efficiency of compressor, high pressure and low pressure turbine is 0.95, 0.9
and 0.85 respectively.

Q7)

A Rankine power plant has been developed using the reheat cycle. The cycle is
operating between 5MPa and 5kPa before reheated at 1.5bar. The value of entropy
after the second turbine is 8.435 kJ/kg.K and the steam is at dry saturated when it
leaves the first turbine. Determine:
a)
Total work in kJ/kg;
c)
The cycle efficiency and
b)
Total heat supplied to the d)
Draw the T-s diagram
cycle;

Q8)

A steam power plant operates between 0.007GPa and 5kPa. The steam exhausted
from the first turbine is dry saturated before reheated at 4bar; and entropy value after
the second turbine is 8.191kJ/kg.K. Determine:
a)
All the enthalpy values
d)
Total heat supplied to the system
b)
Work done by turbines
e)
Cycle efficiency
c)
Total work of the system
f)
Specific steam consumption

Q9)

An ideal reheat rankine cycle operates with steam as the working fluid. Steam enters
the high pressure turbine at 40bar, 450C. The steam is reheated to 450C at 15bar
before entering the low pressure turbine and is condensed in a condenser at 0.4bar.
Determine the cycle efficiency, work ratio and specific steam consumption if the
value of pump is omitted.

Q10) In an ideal reheat Rankine cycle, steam at 60bar, 400C is supplied from a high
pressure boiler to a high pressure steam turbine. After it is expanded in the turbine to
10 bar, the steam is reheated under constant pressure to 400C. The steam is then
expanded in the low pressure turbine to 0.05bar. Assuming isentropic expansion and
isentropic compression in the turbine and in the feed pumps respectively, determine
per kg of steam:
a)
The work done by the high pressure and the low pressure turbines respectively.
b)
Heat required during the reheating process.
c)
The compression work done on the feed pump.
d)
The thermal efficiency of the cycle. Determine also the specific steam consumption
per kW h.
Q11) A rankine power plant had been developed using the reheat cycle. Steam at the
entrance of the turbine is at 4MPa and 673K, whereas the pressure of the condenser
is 0.0045MPa. Assume that the steam is dry saturated when it leaves the high
pressure turbine, it is being reheated to the initial temperature. As an analysis, the
feed water pump shall be omitted. Determine:
a.
Nett work done for every kg
b.
Heat supplied for every kg
c.
Thermal efficiency
d.
Specific steam consumption
Q12) A steam power plant operates at a temperature of 400C and a boiler pressure of
40bar. Steam from high-pressure turbine exhaust pressure of 4bar is reheated until it
reaches a temperature of 400C. it is then expanded in the low pressure turbine and
go into the condenser with the pressure of 0.045bar. Assuming the work done on the
pump is negligible and working on a Rankine cycle system with high-pressure
turbine efficiency of 0.86 and low pressure turbines efficiency of 0.82.
a)
Draw a T-s diagram of the rankine cycle of this power plant
b)
Specify the state of steam at exit of high pressure turbine
c)
Determine:
i.
The heat supplied to the system
ii.
Turbine work output
iii.
Cycle efficiency
iv.
Specific steam Consumption
Q13) A Rankine power plant has been developed using the reheat cycle. The cycle is
operate between 5MPa and 5kPa before reheated at 1.5bar. The value of entropy
after the second turbine is 8.435 kJ/kg.K and the steam is at dry saturated when it
leaves the first turbine. Determine:
a)
Total work in kJ/kg;
b)
Total heat supplied to the cycle;
c)
The cycle efficiency and
d)
Draw the T-s diagram