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Setiap verb harus ada subjectnya-> subject verb agreement

Subject singular diikuti dengan verb singular plural dengan plural

verb jamak-> tambah es; noun jamak tambah s


The list of items is on the desk.. kalo lists plural
neiher the plates nor the serving bowl goes on that self... pakai kata yang
terakhir sebagai subjek bila ada kata either/or, neither/nor
a car and a bike are my means transportation... jika ada and berarti jamak
kecuali compound noun misal the bed and breakfast was charming
excitement as well as nervousness is the cause of her shaking.. jika ada kata as
well as, as along with, besides, note.. frasanya bukan termasuk ke dalam subjek,
jika subjek tunggak maka verb tunggal.. jangan hiraukan
there/here are four hurdles
jika ada periode waktu, uang, jarak -> singular.. three miles is too far to walk
all of the pie/pies is/are gone.. some, all, a majority
jika berandai andai-> jamak.. i wish it were friday

Indefinite pronoun
Singular

Plural

another
everybody
no one
both
any body
every one
nothing
few
anyone
everything
one
many
anything
much
somebody
other
each
neither
someone
several
either
nobody
something
all, any, most, none, dan some dapat singlar atau plural tergantung frase yang
mengikutinya

Pronoun adalah kata ganti noun (kata benda) atau frase kata benda, dapat juga
kata ganti orang.. Hal ini dibuat agar tidak ada pengulangan kata benda yang
sebelumnya.:
1. Personal pronoun (kata ganti orang)
Subjek
Objek
i
me
you
you
she
her
he
him
it
it
we
us
they
them
Sule borrowed three books from the
library. He must return them in two
days.

3. Reflexive pronoun
myself
yourself/yourselves
themselves
ourselves
herself
itself

2. Possessive pronoun (kata ganti milik)


dependent
independent
my
mine
your
yours
his
his
her
hers
its
its
our
ours
their
theirs
mine is newer than yours
dependent pronoun adalah possessive
pronoun yang ditempatkan sebelum
kata benda.
my book is there.
independent-> possesive pronoun
diletakan setelah kata kerja.
4.demonstrative pronoun
kata ganti penunjuk berdasarkan
kedekatan.
dekat: this / these
jauh: there / those
these or those adalah plural dari this or
that
this my mother, these are my sisters

5. Interrogative pronoun
kata-kata yang mempertanyakan orang
atau benda.
who, whom (siapa): whom adalah kata

that book is yours, those are mine


6. Indefinite pronoun
kata ganti yang mengacu pada
sesorang atau yang dianggap tidak
tentu.

ganti objek seperti his, her, our. kita


menggunakan whom ketika bertanya
mana orang yang menerima tindakan
misal, whom are we going to chat?
whose (punya siapa)-> whose car is
parking outside?
why (mengapa)
Which (yang mana)
what (apa)
7. Relative pronoun
kata yang merangkai suatu kata benda
atau frasanya dengan klausa
penjelasnya, dalam bahasa indonesia
disebut yang. who, whom, whose,
which, that..

somebody (seseorang
something, anything (sesuatu
everyone (setiap orang
everythinng (segala sesuatu

i dont like people who lose temper


easily
objek dari preposisi bukanlah subjek kalimat.. with his friend he found the movie
theater.. his friend adalah objek dari with.. he adalah subjek kalimat
Preposition: