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# 2014-3-MEL-GB

## Section A [45 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.
1. The following data presented in a stemplot are the examination marks of a group of form six
students.
2
2
3
4
0 1 6 8
5
3 4 7 9
6 5 7key : 4 | 0 means 40
7
4
Find the median, mean and standard deviation of the students marks. Hence calculate the
Pearsoncoefficient of skewness of the above data.[6 marks]
2.
a)
b)

In a restaurant, 45% of the customers pay the bill by using a credit card.
If 5 of the customers are chosen at random, find the probability that at most 3 customers pay
the bill by using a credit card.
[3 marks]
If 300 customers are randomly chosen from the restaurant, use an approximation probability
distribution to find the value of k so that the probability at least k customers pay their bills
by using a credit card is 0.8.
[5 marks]

3. A continuous random variable X has the cumulative distribution for F(x) given by
0

F(x) =

1
x
4

x<0
,

2
h ( x4) + 1,

0 x <2
2 x<4
x 4

## where h is a constant. Find

a) the value of h. Hence sketch the graph of F(x).
b) the probability distribution function f(x) of X.
c) E(x).

[3 marks]
[2 marks]
[3 marks]

4. In a particular fruit farm, the weights of the mangoes are normally distributed with a mean of 400
gm and a variance of 500 gm2 . Sixty samples of size 30 are taken from this population.
Find the
(a) probability that the sample mean is not more than 405 gm
[3marks]
(b) number of samples that have sample mean not more than 405 gm
[2marks]
(c) minimum sample mean w if 5% of the sampling are of grade A.
[3marks]
5.

With an intention to discourage Mary from driving to her work place in a busy town, Marys
father claims that on average a person takes 20 minutes to find a parking space in the area.
Mary disagrees and she takes a random sample of 30 times that she drove to work. She found
that the mean time taken to find a parking space is 17 minutes. Assuming that the time taken
to find a parking space follows a normal distribution with standard deviation equal to 10

minutes. Test, at the 5 % level of significance, whether Marys father is overstating the mean
time taken to find a parking space.
[6 marks]
6.

7.

In the Mendels peas experiments, the results of a sample of 768 pea plants produced in the lab
are observed and recorded. The colours and the shapes of the pea are grouped in the table
below.
Round and Yellow Wrinkled and Yellow
Round and Green
Wrinkled and Green
418
153
142
55
According to Mendels Genetcs theory, the expected figures follows the ratio 9 : 3 : 3 : 1.
2
Perform a
goodness-of-fit test, at the 10% significance level whether the sample
supportsthe claim.
[9marks]
Section B[ 15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
A bag contains 32 scarves as shown in the following table.
Type

Colour
Red
Yellow
Green
Silk
4
2
12
Cotton
6
8
0
Three scarves are selected randomly from the bag. Events A, B and C are defined as follow.
A : No green scarves are selected.
B : The scarves selected include a silk scarf of red colour.
C : At least a cotton scarf is selected.
Find,
a) P(A)

b) P(B)

c) P( A B) d) P(A B

e) P(C) f) P ( B | A)

## State with a reason whether A and B are independent.

8

[15 marks]

a)In a recent STPM Mathematics T 2014 Coursework, a sample of 50 students were taken at
random. Their personal information like body weights and heights were recorded and were
classified into three categories as underweight, normal weight and overweight or obese. One
of the Upper Six students, Alan, has found ( 1- )100% confidence interval for the population
proportion of students who are overweight or obese as (0.040, 0.320).

## We are now interested to find out in Alans coursework, what is

(i) the proportion of the group of students who are overweight or obese

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

## (iii)the level of significance

[3 marks]

b) The random variable X has unknown population mean and unknown standard deviation
From a sample of 50 observations of X taken,

( x 40) 1872

and

( x 40)

96433

(i) Find the unbiased estimates of the population mean and population variance

[4marks]

(ii) Find the 95% confidence interval for the population mean .

[4marks]