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3.

Diagram 3 shows part of the set up of apparatus of chemical cell.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada susunan radas bagi sel kimia.

Zinc plate / Kepingan zink

Copper plate / Kepingan kuprum


Porous pot / Pasu berliang

Zinc sulphate solution


Lautan zink sulfat

Copper(II) sulphate solution Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

Diagram 3
Rajah 3
(a) Draw a complete set-up of apparatus for chemical cell on Diagram 3.
Lukiskan susunan radas yang lengkap bagi sel kimia dalam Rajah 3.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) Label the negative electrode as ( - ) and positive electrode as ( + ) on the completed
chemical cell.
Labelkan elektrod negatif sebagai ( - ) dan elektrod positif sebagai ( + ) pada rajah sel
kimia yang telah lengkap.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c) State the flow of electron for the chemical cell in diagram 3.
Nyatakan arah pengaliran elektron bagi sel kimia pada Rajah 3.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
What is the function of the porous pot used in the above chemical cell?
Apakah fungsi pasu berliang yang digunakan dalam sel kimia di atas?
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
What can you observed at the negative terminal?
Apakah yang boleh anda perhatikan pada terminal negatif?
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Write half equation for the discharged of ions at positive terminal.
Tuliskan persamaan setengah bagi ion yang didiscas pada terminal positif.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(i) If the copper plate in the chemical cell above is replaced by silver metal, what will
happen to the voltage reading of the cell.
Jika kepingan kuprum di dalam sel kimia di atas digantikan dengan logam argentum,
apakah yang berlaku kepada nilai voltan yang akan terhasil.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Give the reasons for your answer.
Berikan sebab bagi jawapan anda.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Table 3 shows the voltage of chemical cell using metals A, B and C as the electrode
Jadual 3 menunjukkan nilai voltan bagi sel kimia menggunakan logam A, B dan C
sebagai elektrod.
Pairs of metal
Pasangan logam
B/C
A/C

Voltage (V)
Nilai voltan (V)
0.1
0.8

positive terminal
terminal positif
C
C

Table 3
Jadual 3
Based on the information given, calculate the voltage of a chemical cell using metal A and
B as the electrodes.
Berdasarkan kepada maklumat yang diberikan, hitungkan nilai voltan yang akan
dihasilkan oleh sel kimia yang menggunakan logam A dan B sebagai elektrod.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]
4

Diagram 4.1 shows the set up of apparatus for an experiment to determine the empirical
formula of magnesium oxide.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi suatu eksperimen untuk menentukan formula
empirik magnesium oksida.

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1
(a) What is the meaning of empirical formula?
Apakah maksud formula empirik?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) Diagram 4.2 shows the results of the experiment.
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan keputusan experiment itu.
Mass of crucible + lid
Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup

= 24.88 g

Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium ribbon


Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + pita magnesium

= 25.12 g

Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium oxide


Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + magnesium oksida

= 25.28 g

Diagram 4.2
Rajah 4.2
Based on Diagram 4.2, complete Table 4 and determine the empirical formula of
magnesium oxide.
Berdasarkan Rajah 4.2, lengkapkan Jadual 4 dan seterusnya tentukan formula
empirik bagi magnesium oksida:
[Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Mg = 24]
[Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Mg = 24]
Element
Unsur
Mass (g)
Jisim

Mg

Number of moles
Bilangan mol
Simplest ratio of moles
Nisbah ringkas bilangan mol
Empirical formula
Formula empiric
Table 4
Jadual 4

[6 marks]
[6 markah]
Write the chemical equation for the reaction in the experiment.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas dalam eksperimen itu.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Why the process of heating, cooling and weighing are repeated until a constant mass is
obtained?
Mengapakah proses pemanasan, penyejukan dan penimbangan diulang sehingga jisim
yang tetap diperolehi?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Why this experiment is not suitable to be used to determine the empirical formula of
copper(II) oxide?
Mengapakah eksperimen ini tidak sesuai digunakan untuk menentukan formula empirik
kuprum(II) oksida?

[1 marks]
[1markah]

(a)

Draw the connecting wire and voltmeter

(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)

(i)
(ii)

Labeling zinc plate ( - ) and copper plate ( + )


From zinc plate to copper plate through the external circuit
To allow the flow of ion from both electrolyte through it to complete
the circuit
The zinc plate becomes thinner
Cu2+ + 2e Cu
The voltage will be higher
The silver metal is under the copper metal in the electrochemical
series.

(h)
B

1
1
1
1
1

0.1
A

1
1
1

0.8
For pair of metal A / B ,
the voltage produced
= 0.8 0.1 = 0.7 V
1
4

(a)

(i)

(b)

(i)

The chemical formula that shows the simplest ratio of atoms of the elements
present in a compound.

Element
Unsur
Mass (g)
Number of
moles
Simplest ratio of
moles
Empirical
formula

(ii)
(c)
(d)

Mg
25.12
24.88 //0.24
0.24/24 // 0.01

O
25.28
25.12 //0.12
0.16/16 // 0.01

1
MgO

2Mg + O2
2MgO
To ensure that all the magnesium reacts completely with oxygen.
Copper is an unreactive element towards oxygen

1+1
1+1
1
1
1
1
1

Section B
[20 marks]
Answer any one question.
[Jawab mana-mana satu soalan]
7

Diagram 7 shows the flow chart for the industrial manufacture of sulphuric acid and the
production of three types of fertilizer.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan carta alir bagi pembuatan asid sulfurik secara industri dan penghasilan
tiga jenis baja, baja Y , ammonium nitrat dan urea.
Sulphur
Sulfur

Substance X
Bahan X

Sulphur dioxide
Sulfur dioksida
Step 1
Langkah 1

Step II
langkah II

Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik

Step IV
Langkah IV

Step III
Langkah III
Oleum
oleum

+ Ammonia
Ammonia

Fertiliser Y
Baja Y
Diagram 7
Rajah 7
(a)

(i)

Based on step I to step IV , describe briefly the industrial production of


sulphuric acid.
Berdasarkan langkah I hingga langkah IV , huraikan secara ringkas
penghasilan asid sulfurik secara industri.
[ 4 marks ]

(ii)

The conversion of sulphur dioxide to substance X is very slow and the percentage of
conversion is also very low. State three ways to overcome this problem.
Penukaran sulfur dioksida kepada bahan X sangat perlahan dan peratus penukaran
juga sangat rendah.Nyatakan tiga cara untuk mengatasi masalah ini.
[ 3 marks ]

(iii)

Write a chemical equation for the reaction between sulphuric acid and ammonia to
produce fertilizer Y.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas antara asid sulfurik dan ammonia untuk
menghasilkan baja Y.
[ 2 marks ]

(b)

(i)

Explain why pure copper is softer than its alloy.


Terangkan mengapa kuprum tulen lebih lembut daripada aloinya.
[ 3 marks]

(ii)

Draw the arrangement of atoms in pure copper and its alloy.


Lukis susunan atom dalam kuprum tulen dan aloinya.
[ 2 marks]

(iii)
(iv)

State the aim of alloying.


Nyatakan tujuan pengaloian

State the alloy suitable for building bodies of planes and give reasons for your answer.
Nyatakan aloi yang sesuai untuk membina badan pesawat terbang dan berikan sebab
bagi jawapan anda.
[3 marks]

Questions
7

(a) (i)

[3 marks]

Marking criteria
Sulphur is burnt in air to produce sulphur dioxide //
Burning of metal sulphides/zinc sulphide / lead sulphide
produce sulphur dioxide

Sulphur dioxide is oxidised to sulphur trioxide in excess oxygen

Sulphur trioxide is dissolved in concentrated sulphuric acid


to form oleum.

The oleum is diluted with water to produce concentratedsulphuric acid


(ii)

(iii)

(b)(i)

(b)(ii)

(b)(iii)
(b)(iv)

Marks

Temperature : 450 C
Pressure : 1 atmosphere
Catalyst : Vanadium(V) oxide

1
1
1

H2SO4 + 2NH3 (NH4)2SO4


Formula for reactants and product correct
Balanced

1
1

1. pure metal atoms have similar size and shape.


2.Easily to slides

1
1

1. Draw for pure copper


2.Draw for its alloy and labels for copper and zinc

1
1

1. increase the strength and hardness of metal


2.Prevent the corrosion of metal
3.Improve the appearance
1.Duralamin
2.its stronger/harder
3.Can withstand compression

1
1
1
1
1
1

TOTAL

2
2

2
20

Table 2 shows the number of subatomic particles of atoms P and Q. Both P and Q are
isotopes of the same element.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan bilangan zarah sub atom bagi atom P dan Q. Kedua-dua P dan Q
adalah isotop bagi unsur yang sama.
Atom
P
Q

Number of Protons
Bilangan proton
6
6

Number of Neutrons
Bilangan neutron
8
6

Number of Electrons
Bilangan elektron
6
6

Table 2
Jadual 2
(a
)

(i) What is the meaning of isotopes?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan isotop?
.........
.........
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) State one usage of P.


Nyatakan satu kegunaan P.
............................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b
)

What is the name of the positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of
an atom?
Apakah nama zarah subatom yang bercas positif yang terdapat dalam nukleus suatu
atom?
....
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) State the number of valence electrons of atom P.


Nyatakan bilangan elektron valens bagi atom P.
..........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(d
)

Write the standard representation of one of the isotopes above in the form of
Tuliskan perwakilan piawai bagi salah satu isotop di atas dalam bentuk

A
Z

A
Z

X
.

X
.

...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e) Magnesium reacts with oxygen to form a compound.
Magnesium bertindakbalas dengan oksigen untuk membentuk suatu sebatian.
(i)

Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindakbalas tersebut.
.......
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) Draw the electron arrangement for the formation of the compound.
Lukiskan susunan elektron bagi pembentukan sebatian itu.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

Table 3 shows the pH value of four solutions with concentration of 0.1 mol dm-3
Jadual 3 menunjukkan nilai pH bagi empat larutan yang berkepekatan 0.1 mol dm-3.
Solution
pH value
Larutan
Nilai pH
W
1
X
5
Y
7
Z
14
Table 3
Jadual 3
(a)

Based on the information in Table 3,


Berdasarkan maklumat dalam jadual 3,
(i)

Which solution turns a blue litmus paper to red?


Larutan manakah dapat menukarkan kertas litmus biru kepada merah?
.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

Without using an indicator, describe a chemical test to verify the answer in (a)
(i).
Tanpa menggunakan suatu penunjuk, huraikan satu ujian kimia untuk
mengesahkan jawapan dalam (a)(i).
.............

.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(iii) Which solution is a strong acid ?
larutan manakah merupakan suatu asid kuat
Larutan manakah merupakan suatu asid kuat?
.............................................................................................................................
[1mark]
[1markah]
(b)

Z reacts with sulphuric acid to form sodium sulphate and water.


Z bertindak balas dengan asid sulfurik untuk menghasilkan natrium sulfat dan air.
(i)

State the name of Z.


Nyatakan nama bagi Z.
..........
[1 mark]

[1 markah]
(ii)

Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas itu.
.............
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(c)

By referring to Table 3, which solution possibly can be sodium sulphate?


Dengan merujuk Jadual 3, larutan manakah berkemungkinan natrium sulfat?
..
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(a)

(i) Atoms of the same element which contain same proton number but
different nucleon number // Atoms of the same element which contain
same number of proton but different number of neutrons

(ii) Estimate the age of fossils

(b)

Proton

(c)
(d)

4
12
14
C //
C
6
6
(i) 2Mg + O2 2MgO
-correct formulae of reactants and products 1 mark
-balanced chemical equation 1 mark
(ii)

1
1

(e)

2+

Mg

1+1

2-

1+1
-correct number of shells and number of electrons for Mg and
O 1 mark

-correct charges for Mg and O 1 mark


Total
3

(a)

(b)

(i)
(ii)

(iii)
(i)
(ii)

(iii)

W// X
- W is added into sodium carbonate/any metal carbonate stated
in a test tube,
- Gas released turns lime water cloudy
// - magnesium/zinc is added into W in a test tube,
- gas released gives a pop sound with a lighted splinter
W
Sodium hydroxide
2NaOH + H2SO4
Na2SO4 + 2H2O
- Correct formulae of reactants
- correct formulae of products
- Balanced equation

1
1+1

1
9

Total

1
1
1 + 1+ 1

4. Diagram 1 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of 0.0001 mol dm 3 of hydrochloric
acid and 1.0 mol dm3 of potassium iodide using carbon electrodes.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji elektrolisis 0.0001 mol dm3 hidroklorik asid dan 1.0
mol dm3 kalium iodida dengan menggunakan elektrod karbon.

Diagram 1[Rajah 1]

(a)

(i) Identify all the electrodes which serve as anode and cathode.
Kenalpastikan semua elektrod yang berfungsi sebagai anod dan katod

Anode [anod]:....................................................................................................................
Cathode [katod]:................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(ii)

Name the product that is formed at electrode W.


Namakan hasil yang terbentuk pada elektrod W.
....
[1 mark]

(iii) Write the half equation for the reaction that occurs at electrode W.
Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di elektrod W.

[1mark]
(b)

(i) State the observation at electrode Y.


Nyatakan pemerhatian pada elektrod Y.
.
[1 mark]
(ii) Name the product formed in b(i)
Namakan hasil yang terbentuk di b(i)
............................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]

(iii) Suggest a test to confirm the product in b(ii).


Cadangkan satu ujian untuk mengesahkan hasil yang terbentuk di b(ii).
....
....
[2 marks]
(c)

In a separate experiment, the 0.0001 mol dm3 of hydrochloric acid is replaced with 1.0 moldm3 of
hydrochloric acid and electrolysis is carried out.
Dalam experimen yang berlainan, asid hidroklorik yang berkepekatan 0.0001 mol dm3 digantikan
dengan asid hidroklorik yang berkepekatan 1.0 mol dm3 dan elektrolisis dijalankan..
(i) State the product that will form at electrode W.
Nyatakan hasil yang akan terbentuk pada elektrod W.
....
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain your answer in c(i).
Terangkan jawapan anda dalam c(i).

............................................................................................................................................
.....
[1 mark]

(a)

(i)

[able to state anode and cathode correctly]


Example:

(b

Anode: W and Y

Cathode: X and Z
[able to name the product that is formed at electrode W correctly]

(ii)

Example: oxygen gas


[able to write a correct and balanced half equation]

(iii
)
(i)

Example: 4OH- O2 + 2H2O + 4 e


[able to state the observation at electrode Y correctly]

1
1

(ii)

Example: Brown solution is formed


[able to name the product correctly]

(iii

Example: Iodine
[able to state a confirmatory test correctly]

(c)

........4

Example:
Add starch solution into the test tube containing the brown solution,

Brown solution turns to dark blue.

(i)

[able to state the product that will formed at electrode W]

(ii)

Example: chlorine gas


[able to explain the factor of concentration ions in solution]

.......4

Example :
The concentration of chloride ions is higher than that of hidroxide ions
Total
4

(a)

.....2
10

Bronze is an alloy of copper.


Gangsa ialah satu aloi untuk kuprum.
(i)

Name the element that is added to copper to form bronze.


Namakan unsur yang ditambahkan kepada kuprum untuk membentuk gangsa.
.
[1 mark]

(ii)

Explain why bronze is harder than pure copper.


Terangkan mengapa gangsa lebih keras daripada kuprum tulen.

.
.
.
.
[2 marks]
(iii)

Draw the arrangement of particles in pure copper and bronze.


Lukiskan susunan zarah di dalam kuprum tulen dan gangsa.

Bronze
Gangsa

Pure copper
Kuprum tulen

(b)

Diagram 4 shows an industrial preparation of sulphuric acid by the Contact Process.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan penghasilan secara industri asid sulfurik melalui Proses Sentuh.
Stage I /
Peringkat I
S

Stage II /
Peringkat II

SO2

Stage IV /
Peringkat IV

Stage III /
Peringkat III

SO3

Oxygen / Oksigen
Oxygen / Oksigen
Concentrated H2SO4 /Water /
Air
H2SO4 pekat
Diagram / Rajah 4

H2SO4

[2 marks]

(i)

State the name of compound X.


Nyatakan nama sebatian X.
.
[1 mark]

(ii)

Write a chemical equation of the reaction at stage II.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindakbalas peringkat II.
.
[1 mark]

(iii)

The chemical equation below shows the reaction between sulphur and oxygen gas at Stage I.
Persamaan kimia di bawah menunjukkan tindak balas antara sulfur dan gas oksigen pada
Peringkat I.
S

O2

SO2

Calculate the maximum volume of sulphur dioxide gas produced if 48 g of sulphur is burnt
completely in oxygen gas.
[Relative atomic mass of S = 32, O = 16 and the molar volume of any gas is 24 dm 3 mol-1 at
room temperature and pressure]
Hitungkan isipadu maksimum sulfur dioksida yang terhasil jika 48 g sulfur terbakar lengkap
dalam gas oksigen.
[Jisim atom relatif S = 32, O = 16 dan isipadu molar sebarang gas adalah 24 dm3 mol-1 pada
suhu dan tekanan bilik]

Process II
Process I
Proses
II
Alcohol,
J
Hydrocarbon, L
Proses I Carboxylic acid, K C3H7COOH.
Alkohol, J
Hidrokarbon, L
+ Reagent P Asid karboksilik, K
Al2O3, Heat
C3H7COOH
Reagen P
Al2O3, Panaskan
5
Diagram 5 shows a series of conversions that involves an alcohol, J.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan siri-siri pertukaran yang melibatkan alkohol J.

Process III
Proses III
Compound M
Sebatian M
Diagram / Rajah 5.1

(a)

(i)

The molecular formula of alcohol J is C4H9OH. What is the meaning of molecular formula?
Formula molekul alkohol J ialah C4H9OH. Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula
molekul?
.
.
[1 mark]

(ii)

Write the general formula for the homologous series of this compound.
Tuliskan formula am bagi siri homolog sebatian ini.
.
[1 mark]

(b)

(i)

State the name of Process I.


Nyatakan nama Proses I.
.
[1 mark]

(ii)

Suggest one Reagent P that can be used in Process I.


Cadangkan satu Reagen P yang boleh digunakan dalam Proses I.
.
[1 mark]

(c)

Alcohol J has four isomers. Diagram 5.2 shows one of isomer of alcohol J.
Alkohol J mempunyai empat isomer. Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan salah satu isomer alkohol J.
H
H

H H

C C

H
H

Diagram / Rajah 5.2

OH

Draw the structural formulae of another two isomers of alcohol J.


Lukiskan formula struktur bagi dua isomer yang lain alkohol J.

[2 marks]

(d)

Hydrocarbon L can be produced through dehydration by heating alcohol J with aluminium oxide.
Draw a set-up of apparatus for this dehydration reaction.
Hidrokarbon J boleh dihasilkan melalui pendehidratan dengan memanaskan alkohol J dengan
aluminium oksida.
Lukis susunan radas untuk tindak balas pendehidratan ini.

[ 2 marks]
(e)

In Process III, alcohol J reacts with carboxylic acid K, C3H7COOH to produce compound M which
has a sweet fragrant smell.
Dalam Proses III, alkohol J bertindak balas dengan asid karboksilik K, C3H7COOH membentuk
sebatian M yang mempunyai bau yang wangi.
(i)

State the name of the compound M.


Nyatakan nama sebatian M.
.
[1 mark]

(ii)

Write a chemical equation for the reaction.

Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas tersebut.


.
[2 marks]

(a)

(i)

Stanum / tin

(ii)

The stanum atoms disrupt the orderly arrangement of atoms in copper.


This prevents the layers of pure metal (copper) atoms from sliding on one
another easily, making bronze harder than copper.

(iii
)

Pure copper:
//

Bronze:
`

copper
Stanum

1
(b)

(i)
(ii)
(iii
)

Oleum
2SO2 + O2 2SO3
Moles of sulphur = 48 / 32
Moles of SO2

= 1.5

1
1
1

= moles of sulphur = 1.5

Volume of SO2 = 1.5 x 24 dm3

= 36 dm3
TOTAL

5 (a)

(b)

(i)

1
10

Formula that shows the actual number of atom of each element


in a compound/molecule

(ii)

CnH2n+1OH

(i)

Oxidation

(ii)

Acidified K2Cr2O7 // acidified KMnO4

n=1,2,3

(c)
H
H

OH

CH3 H

C C

H
H

CH3 H

C C

OH H

OH

[ any TWO correct isomers]

(d)

1
1

1.
(f)

(i)

onal diagram
2. label: glass wool + butanol, butene gas, heat
Butyl butanoate

(ii)

C3H7COOH + C4H9OH C3H7COOC4H9 + H2O

1. correct formula of reactant


2. correct formula of product

functi
1

1
TOTAL

2
11

Section A
[60 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
The time suggested to answer this section is 90 minutes.
1

Diagram 1 shows the position of element of P,Q and R in the Periodic Table with their proton number
respectively.
Rajah 1 di bawah menunjukkan kedudukan Unsur P, Q dan R dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur dengan nombor
proton masing-masing.
1

11

12

13

14

15

16

10

17

18

Transition
element
Unsur
peralihan
DIAGRAM / RAJAH 1
(a)

Write the electron arrangement for atom P.


Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom P
.......................
[ 1 mark]

(b)

Arrange P, Q and R according to increasing of atomic size.


Susun P, Q dan R mengikut pertambahan saiz atom.
.......................
[ 1 mark]

(c)

P and R react to form a compound.


P dan R bertindak balas membentuk suatu sebatian.
(i) State the type of compound formed.
Nyatakan jenis sebatian yang terbentuk.
.............
[ 1 mark]

(ii)

Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed in (c) (i).
Lukiskan gambar rajah susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk di (c) (i)

[ 2 marks]
(iii) Write the chemical equation for the formation of the compound.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi mewakili tindak balas pembentukan sebatian itu.
.
[ 2 marks]
(d) Q and R also can react to form a compound.
Q dan R juga boleh bertindak balas membentuk satu sebatian.
(i) State the formula of the compound.
Nyatakan formula bagi sebatian itu.

[ 1 mark]
(ii) State two physical properties for the compound formed.
Nyatakan dua sifat fizik sebatian yang terbentuk.
.
.
[ 2 marks]

SECTION A
BAHAGIAN A

(a) 2.8.1

(b) Q, R, P

(c) (i)

ion

(ii) Sample answer


Contoh jawapan :
+
P

_
R

[Number of electron each shell correct


Bilangan elektron setiap petala betul]
[correct charge and nucleus are shown { symbol of element/dot}
cas betul dan pusat ditunjukkan {simbol unsur / titik} ]

(iii)

2P

Q2

(ii)

QR4

2PQ

[ formula of reactant and product correct


Formula bahan dan hasil tindak balas betul ]
[ Balance
Seimbang ]
(d) (i)

1
1
1

Low melting point/boiling point // insoluble in water/soluble in organic solvent// cannot


conduct electricity in any state
[ Any two]
takat lebur/takat didih rendah // tidak larut dalam air/ larut dalam pelarut
organik // tidak mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam semua keadaan
[ mana-mana dua ]
1 + 1...10