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Chemistry

Chapter 8
Types of Chemical Reactions Lab

Name____________________________________Date:______________Period______

Purpose:
The idea of this lab is to study several different chemical reactions to determine the type
of reaction and to write balanced chemical equations for each reaction.

Background:
A chemical reaction often gives visible clues. The release of a gas, formation of a solid
and changes in heat or color indicate that a reaction has occurred. A chemical reaction is
written as an equation with reactants on the left side of the yield sign and products on the
right side. Matter is neither created nor destroyed; therefore a chemical equation must be
balanced in order to show the same number and types of atoms on both sides of the yield
sign.
Reactions can be classified as composition, decomposition, single replacement, double
replacement, or combustion. Composition reactions produce a new compound from two
or more simpler substances (elements or compounds). Decomposition reactions create
two or more new products from a single reactant. Single replacement reactions occur
when a metal replaces another metal in a compound or when a stronger halogen replaces
another halogen in a reaction. Double replacement reactions occur when a two elements
switch places in two different compounds to make two new compounds. Water, gas, or a
precipitate is commonly a product of these reactions. Combustion reactions occur when a
hydrocarbon compound combines with oxygen (burns in air or otherwise) to produce
carbon dioxide and water.

Procedures:

Visit stations 1-12 and complete the directions for each station. Write the balanced
equation for each reaction. State the type of reaction (C, D, SR, DR, COMB) and
evidence for each reaction. Dump waste into the sink or garbage can, rinse and dry
test tubes, and clean up the work area before moving to the next station.

Station 1: In a spot plate add a drop of potassium iodide and a drop of lead (II) nitrate.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 2: In a test tube add 10 drops of 3M HCl to a pea size amount of marble
(calcium carbonate). Light a wood splint and put it into the tube to test the flammability
of the gas produced.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

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Station 3: Using tongs, place a small strip (1 cm) of magnesium ribbon into a flame.
DO NOT LOOK DIRECTLY INTO THE FLAME WHEN THE REACTION
OCCURS!!!!.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 4: Light a lighter. The gas in the lighter is butane (C4H8).


Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 5: Light the alcohol burner filled with isopropyl alcohol (C3H8O). Put the flame
out with the silver cap of the burner when you’re finished.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 6: In a test tube add a ¼ tablet size of an effervescent antacid tablet and 3 mL’s
of water. Test the gas produced with a burning wood splint. The water acts as a medium
in which the reaction between the two ingredients in the tablet can occur. The table is
made of sodium bicarbonate and citric acid (HC6H8O7).
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 7: Add a drop of sodium hydroxide and a drop of copper (II) nitrate in a spot
plate.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 8: Add 7 drops of hydrochloric acid and a small piece of magnesium metal to a
test tube. Use a burning wood splint to test the gas while the reaction is proceeding.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

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Station 9: In a spot plate add a drop of silver nitrate and a drop of sodium chloride.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 10: Add 7 drops of sulfuric acid and a small piece of zinc metal to a test tube.
Use a burning wood splint to test the gas while the reaction is proceeding.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 11: Add a pea-sized amount of sodium bicarbonate and 10 drops of acetic acid to
a test tube. Use a burning wood splint to test the gas while the reaction is proceeding.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________

Station 12: Look at the apparatus set up. Write the balanced equation for the reaction as
it occurs. Use a burning wood splint to test the gas in both tubes while the reaction is
proceeding.
Type _____ Evidence ___________________________________________________