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VSL STRAND POST-TENSIONING SYSTEMS

VSL A REPUTATION FOR EXCELLEN CE SINCE 1956


This technical brochure, VSL Strand PostTensioning Systems, gives an overview of the

 
     
of application and provides guidance to practising
engineers in the design of post-tensioned
structures using VSL post-tensioning systems.
The current VSL post-tensioning systems are
the result of more than 50 years of experience
and continuous research and development. The
information published in this brochure is subject
to changes without notice.
  
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innovative conceptual designs and engineering
 
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Hodariyat Bridge, Abu Dhabi - 2009

KEY BENEFITS OF POST-TENSIONING


Some of the recognised advantages of post-tensioning are:
  
   
 

        
  



 

       


  
    
 

 

    
 
 
  

     
 


         

    
   
           


  


  
the implementation of post-tensioning leads to increased crack control

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VSL - HISTORY OF THE GROUP

     

 
 
   

 

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Mlimatt Sports Centre, Switzerland - 2009

Page 2
 




Adnec Tower Abu Dhabi, U.A.E - 2009


 


Page 3

VSL PROVIDING STATE-OF-THE-ART POST-TENSIONING SYSTEMS


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training on post-tensioning mock-ups designed to
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 for each anchorage and
 
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ENGINEERING SUPPORT

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products and services, it is also important to

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RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT HIGHLIGHTS

INTERNATIONAL POST-TENSIONING CERTIFICATION


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VSL PT-PLUS 


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structures to optimise the encapsulation at
 
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is compressed during the joining of segments

   
  
    
 
 

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Page 5

DURABILITY OF POST-TENSIONING TENDONS


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THE VSL STRAND POST-TENSIONING SYSTEMS SOLUTIONS FOR ANY APPLICATION


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1. Structural depth
medium to large

thin

VSL SLAB Post-Tensioning System

VSL MULTISTRAND Post-Tensioning System

Implemented for THIN structural elements, as:


- Building slabs
- Slabs on grade
- Bridge deck slabs (Transverse Tendons)

Implemented for structural elements of MEDIUM TO LARGE depth, as:


- Bridge girders
- Building beams
- Transfer plates
- Containment structures

A


    

2. Structural Design

3. Protection Level

Internal Bonded Tendons

Internal Bonded Tendons

bonded

 


internal

S 6-1 PLUS
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Coupler

 














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Page 6
 




PL 2

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Stressing &
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Electrically Isolated Tendons (EIT)
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For special requirement of Protection Level 3, the VSL
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VSL BONDED AND UNBONDED SLAB POST-TENSIONING SYSTEM


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VSL MONOSTRAND UNBONDED SLAB POST-TENSIONING SYSTEM

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VSL BONDED SLAB POST-TENSIONING SYSTEM

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Page 9

VSL INTERNAL MULTISTRAND POST- TENSIONING SYSTEM


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Data Sheet

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Data Sheet

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Page 11

VSL EXTERNAL MULTISTRAND POST- TENSIONING SYSTEM


+    
   
  
 
tensioning tendons runs outside of the concrete
section and the tendons are anchored in
              
 
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concrete section means that the thickness of
  
     

 
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section, concreting of the cross-sectional
   
         


 
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Page 12
 




"  

 

   
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Relevation

R plan

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Unit
[-]

6-3 - 6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

Deviator zone
[m]
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.0
3.5
3.5
4.0
4.0
4.5
5.0

Rmin

Anchorage zone
[m]
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.5
4.7
5.0
5.5
6.0


 


Page 13

VSL ELECTRICALLY ISOLATED TEND ,J_@"`


     
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encapsulation for the tendon and corrosion
protection against aggressive environments
   

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of the tendon encapsulation or for tendons that
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isolation of the tendon and for the monitoring of
 
   


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characteristics and related advantages are
summarised as follows:
- Full encapsulation of the tendon
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of strands, stressing and grouting operations are
  
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elements such as the insulation plate and the
   

 
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visual inspection of the complete installation
a leak-tightness check using compressed air
   
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itself depends on the water-cement ratio, the grade of
  


            

  
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values to allow comparison and in order to set limiting values
for acceptance criteria:
&
      
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 (@"
  
) 
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+  %& /8+ 

 
    
 

   10
 
   "+"#& duct,
featuring additional elements for the electrical
isolation of the tendon and for the monitoring of
 
   

8
  $ 
 3
 10
 6 


 7
 8
  
 
- Plastic trumpet
 "+"#& duct with couplers
- Protection cap with electrical connection
 F  

  
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Page 14
 




+     
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electrical connections:
 + 
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ends of each tendon, in order to provide the
        
      
 

  
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VSL GC EIT anchorage:


Units ranging from 6-3 to 6-43

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function of the duct diameter: s is less than or
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grouting, a plastic cap is threaded onto the grout
vent to guarantee the full encapsulation of the




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all involved parties are aware of the special considerations

  
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of the electrical impedance at the normal inspection intervals
  
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Page 15

VSL k,=@J^W,)?!=>,$?%@">
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placed

;
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 !f  (
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sheets

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Stressing consists of the following steps:
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manometer and the measured elongation of the tendons are recorded

  
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is transfered from the stressing jack to the anchorage
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applications, in order to ensure that the cavities in the anchorages have

   $   
 
Page 16
 




SLAB TENDONS
Q  
  ;
+  %& 
    
features a pocket recess, which
 
        
 +    

 
to the trumpet, on which the grout

 L  

 

?   
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feature a plastic pocket recess,
 
  
  
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connected to the anchorage and
!    

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7   
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INTERNAL MULTISTRAND TENDONS


& 

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the following procedures are used:
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deviation for tendon radii less than twice
  
    6.  G .
7 + 
  
  


[

EXTERNAL MULTISTRAND TENDONS

W !
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Structure

&
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Strand
Pusher

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Structure


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used:

For 
  

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permanent grout caps:

" 

  
6 "GI  
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Permanent grout cap


6 "GI  
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+    


6 "<  
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Page 17

WORKING PROCEDURES _


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encapsulation, and
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achieved through:
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material properties
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procedures adapted to the selected materials,

! 


  

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personnel following approved method
statements
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following steps:
[+W

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caps at all anchorages
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Page 18
 




  
 

.

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methods
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pumping
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or segregation and to ensure that the grout
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grout for injection
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Direction of grouting





& &



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reduces the risk of leaving voids in the grouted


 
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use for the grouting of:
 
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points
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at high points at deviators on pier segments is

 
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 /            

     


 


Page 19

STRUCTURAL MONITORING

DESIGNING WITH POST-TENSIONING TENDONS

(( 
 (

 
 +"
 

   




&+(
 (
   

 
 

 

+

 
&

^
  

When designing a structure with post-tensioning tendons, different structural and geometrical parameters have to be accounted for, in order
to be in line with applicable codes and regulations. This page shall give an overview on the different parameters and show main dependencies
between them:

1. TENDON PROPERTIES:

+ %&1% &
      
   
    

     

   
      



    + 
 
  
 
 
 
    
 


  
   

  
      
 
 

  
 
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     4   $  
    
     

  
            
    

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I. required Tendon Force


Preliminary design by engineer

II. required Protection Level

K

   

     

 
      
 
 
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8
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 40   
      
   
 


tendon and the passive reinforcement, using
the electrical connections provided for the
 
    
 A 
  

   
40
  

"%&'

&

(refer to page 6)

    
    


     
      
 
 
 


+           
   

   
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III. chosen anchorage


(refer to page 7)




) %,
) %,

2. CONCRETE PROPERTIES:
I. Concrete properties
Preliminary design by engineer

3. TENDON GEOMETRY:
Parameters to take into account for definition
of tendon geometry:
 min. radius of curvature

Technical Section 5.1.2 / 5.2.2

 min. straight length behind anchorage


5.1.3 / 5.2.3

 spacing between ducts

5.1.4 / 5.2.4

 concrete cover and actual tendon axis


5.1.5

("

%$$
)(" %$$%$)
"%"*+, 0$%&0$$$(


 
 
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term monitoring of the tendon encapsulation


         
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%,

) %,
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 min. centre spacing between anchorages


4.4.1 & Data Sheets

 min. required edge distance


4.4.1 & Data Sheets

4. DETAILING OF LOCAL ANCHORAGE


ZONE:
 Local anchorage zone reinforcement
4.4.2 & Data Sheets

&+&
6. GEOMETRY REQUIREMENTS FOR
STRESSING:

5. EQUIPMENT FOR STRESSING:


I. Chosen equipment

"

 Block out dimensions


(+$

Technical Block 6.

6.2

 Clearance requirements for stressing


6.2
operation
7. DETAILING OF GENERAL ZONE:

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!
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surveillance strategies to monitor containment structures, due to
     
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/  
  
  
  
 
 



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measured along selected tendons, allowing monitoring of tendon
  


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Page 20
 




Notes:
1. Values in blue (italic) are indicated for example only
2. The example is made for a typical internal bonded multistrand tendon. However,
the flow chart may be implemented for the design of other type of tendons.
3. Indications in gray (italic) are references to corresponding chapters of this
brochure

 Load introduction of prestressing forces


(anchorage, deviator) into structure
4.4.2

 Diaphragm, deviator and blister


dimension (if required)
4.4.2

 Rebar arrangement compatible with PT


hardware and local anchorage zone

/  
 



3
   
 
 <GAM

 


6@  F 
+ 
 7


 


Page 21

TECHNICAL DATA FOR THE VSL POST- TENSIONING SYSTEM


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Data Sheet No XXX


Page T 3
 





 


Page T 4

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VSL MULTISTRAND Post-Tensioning System - Internal Bonded Tendons

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Anchorage

Data Sheet Type

Strand

Rebar

Data Sheet
No.

[-]

[-]

Fpk [kN]

fy [MPa]

VSLI-BDA-

Page

GC Internal

Geometry

002

T 17

GC Internal

Local Zone Reinforcement

279

500

112

T 18

GC Internal

Local Zone Reinforcement

265 / 260

460

108

T 19

GC Internal

Local Zone Reinforcement

265 / 260

390

104

T 20

E 0.6"

Geometry

001

T 21

[+) 

E 0.6"

Local Zone Reinforcement

279

500

103

T 22

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460

102

T 23

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265 / 260

390

101

T 24

H 0.6" & 0.5"

Geometry

007

T 25

H 0.6" & 0.5"

Local Zone Reinforcement

279 to 186

500 / 460

124

T 26

Geometry

008

T 27

500

117

T 28
T 29

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Geometry

016

T 30

AF

Geometry

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T 31

119

T 32

AF
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Anchorage

Data Sheet Type

Strand

Rebar

Data Sheet
No.

[-]

[-]

Fpk [kN]

fy [MPa]

VSLI-BDA-

Local Zone Reinforcement 279 / 265 / 260

Local Zone Reinforcement 279 / 265 / 260 500 / 460 / 390


Geometry

Local Zone Reinforcement 279 / 265 / 260

009

T 33

390

118

T 34

Sc 0.5"

Geometry

011

T 35

Sc 0.5"

Local Zone Reinforcement

186

460

121

T 36

Sc 0.5"

Local Zone Reinforcement

186

390

120

T 37

E 0.5"

Geometry

012

T 38

E 0.5"

Local Zone Reinforcement

186

460

123

T 39

E 0.5"

Local Zone Reinforcement

186

390

122

T 40

Notes

Notes

VSL MULTISTRAND Post-Tensioning System - External Grouted Tendons

VSLabS

Geometry

015

T7

VSLabS

Local Zone Reinforcement

279

500

130

T8

VSLabS

Local Zone Reinforcement

265

460

128

T9

VSLabS

Local Zone Reinforcement

265

460

127

T 10

VSLabS

Local Zone Reinforcement

265

390

126

T 11

S 6-1 PLUS

Geometry

014

T 12

S 6-1 Mono

Geometry

013

T 13

S 6-1 PLUS / S 6-1 Mono

Local Zone Reinforcement

279 / 265 / 260

500 / 460

125

T 14

H (Slab)

Geometry

017

T 15

LZR  Page T 26

P (Slab)

Geometry

018

T 16

LZR  Page T 28


 


   

Anchorage

Data Sheet Type

Strand

Rebar

Data Sheet
No.

[-]

[-]

Fpk [kN]

fy [MPa]

VSLI-BDA-

Page

GC External

Geometry

003

T 41

GC External

Local Zone Reinforcement

279

500

113

T 42

GC External

Local Zone Reinforcement

265 / 260

460

109

T 43

GC External

Local Zone Reinforcement

265 / 260

390

105

T 44

Notes

VSL SLAB Post-Tensioning System - Electrically Isolated Tendons

Page T 5
 




Anchorage

Data Sheet Type

Strand

Rebar

Data Sheet
No.

[-]

[-]

Fpk [kN]

fy [MPa]

VSLI-BDA-

Page

GC EIT

Geometry

004

T 45

GC EIT

Local Zone Reinforcement

279

500

114

T 46

GC EIT

Local Zone Reinforcement

265 / 260

460

110

T 47

GC EIT

Local Zone Reinforcement

265 / 260

390

106

T 48

Notes


 


Page T 6

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CONCRETE 20/25 MPa

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Local Zone Reinforcement

Spacing

Recess

Unit

Ymin

6-2

35

12

10

120

200

240

160

175

115

80

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40

12

140

270

310

180

215

115

95

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40

12

10

160

320

360

200

235

120

115

6-5

35

12

15

180

360

400

220

265

120

130

Unit

Notes

6-2

175

170

80

75

55

60

25

41

140

M10

40

All dimensions in [mm]

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2

6-3

215

210

95

90

55

60

25

58

170

M10

40

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 279kN

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

6-4

235

230

115

110

60

60

25

76

180

M10

40

Concrete: minimum required strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in N/mm2 at stressing

r = number of turns, incl. length for anchoring of reinforcement bar

6-5

265

260

130

125

60

60

25

94

200

M10

40

Local zone reinforcement bent and anchored in accordance with BS EN 1992

X = anchorage spacing

Notes

Reinforcement, edge distance and center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Ymin = min. allowable slab thickness

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

System can be used with corrugated steel duct or PT-Plus duct




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Local Zone Reinforcement

CONCRETE 20/25 MPa


Local Zone Reinforcement
U

Spacing
W

Ymin

Recess

Spacing

Unit

t x T

Umin

U

6-2

10

25

2 x 10

110

120

140

180

X2)
210

Recess

Y

160

175

115

80

Unit

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35

12

10

120

200

240

160

175

115

80

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130

150

140

220

270

180

215

115

95

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40

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140

270

310

180

215

115

95

6-4

12

40

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150

180

140

180

280

320

200

235

120

115

6-5

16

40

4 x 12

170

200

160

190

310

350

220

265

120

130

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40

12

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160

320

360

200

235

120

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6-5

35

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360

400

220

265

120

130

Notes
Notes
All dimensions in [mm]

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm

All dimension in [mm]

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

1) Depending on slab thickness and required concrete cover Umin U Umax

n = number of transverse bars

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265kN

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

2) X = anchorage spacing. Minimum edge distance: X/2 + concrete cover

t = number of pairs of stirrups

Concrete: minimum required strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in N/mm2 at stressing

r = number of turns, incl. length for anchoring of reinforcement bar

3) transverse bars to be anchored acc. to general detailing rules

Ymin = min. allowable slab thickness

Local zone reinforcement bent and anchored in accordance with BS EN 1992

X = anchorage spacing

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

Reinforcement, edge distance and center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Ymin = min. allowable slab thickness

Concrete: minimum required strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in N/mm2 at stressing

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.
Local zone reinforcement bent and anchored in accordance with BS EN 1992
Reinforcement, edge distance and center spacing may be modified, contact VSL



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Wedge

CONCRETE 20/25 MPa


Local Zone Reinforcement

Spacing

Recess

Unit

Ymin

6-2

35

12

10

120

200

240

160

175

115

80

6-3

40

12

140

270

310

180

215

115

95

6-4

40

12

10

160

320

360

200

235

120

115

6-5

35

12

15

180

360

400

220

265

120

130

Unit

6-1

122

94

70

90

22/25

32

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390N/mm2

Notes

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265kN

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Concrete: minimum required strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in N/mm2 at stressing

r = number of turns, incl. length for anchoring of reinforcement bar

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

Local zone reinforcement bent and anchored in accordance with BS EN 1992

X = anchorage spacing

Reinforcement, edge distance and center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Ymin = min. allowable slab thickness

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.



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Page T 11 
 






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Page T 12

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VWLUUXSVRQHDFKVLGH
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PE sheated strand
and waxed / greased





Protection Cap






UHLQIRUFLQJEDUV

Heat Shrink Sleeve

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<PLQ 

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Encapsulated
Anchorage Body
Strand

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&DVH,*URXSHGDQFKRUDJHV

Sleeve

Wedge

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Unit

6-1

122

94

70

300

19

32

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]
System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

3ODQYLHZ

;

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Notes

Nom. strand breaking load

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement

Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5kN

$ 

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$

All dimension in [mm]


Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube =16/20 MPa at stressing
For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.
X= anchorage spacing.
X1= min spacing between last and first anchorage of grouped anchorages



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Page T 13
 






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Page T 14

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PT- Plus Duct

Grout Connection

Grout Connection
Compression Fittings

End-Piece with Clip

Tension Ring

PT-Plus Duct

End-Piece with Clip


Strands

Strands

Spacer Bar
Crimped Strand Tails Bulb

Anchor Plate

Retainer Plate

Nom. strand breaking load


Fpk = 260.4 / 265,5 / 279kN

Unit

6-1

90

90

1250

6-2

190

90

1250

6-3

290

90

1250

6-4

390

90

1250

6-5

490

90

1250

&


&

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Max. tendon force after lock-off

20 / 25 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

6-2

180

70

280

6-3

230

80

330

6-4

260

100

430

6-5

310

110

430

Nom. strand breaking load

Notes

Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5 / 279kN

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2
System can be used with corrugated steel duct or with PT-Plus duct

Unit

Min. concrete strength at stressing


20 / 25 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]
System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2
System can be used with corrugated steel duct or with PT-Plus duct



Jo[|
Page T 15
 






Jo[

 


Page T 16

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ANCHORAGE TYPE GC

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PT-Plus Duct

Tape

FRYHU

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Anchor Head

Grout Connection

Q[

3
PLQ

Trumpet

CONCRETE 25/30 MPa

Protection Cap

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

Spiral Reinforcement

Wedges

Bearing Plate (Casting)

$
'

&

Strands

Unit

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15

10
12
12
16
16

6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

(1)

Orthogonal Reinf.

$
)

J(1)
140

120

H(2)
50

M12

105

120

60

154

M12

110

60

135

69

210

M12

120

170

75

220

92

264

M16

135

113

190

85

240

113

316

M16

145

150

131

200

95

450

112

354

M16

155

150

153

220

100

640

112

400

M16

160

350

170

164

240

110

620

127

430

M16

170

375

170

173

260

120

580

143

470

M16

180

6-37

410

170

196

280

135

770

142

524

M16

200

6-43

470

180

230

320

145

935

166

420

M20

215

6-55

520

180

240

340

160

1035

166

452

M20

230

Unit

6-3

130

120

6-4

140

120

50

95

50

60

110

55

6-7

180

135

76

135

6-12

230

220

92

6-15

260

240

6-19

290

6-22

320

6-27
6-31

Unit

60
50
55
85
70

180
210
280
380
425

200
230
305
400
440

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15

10
12
12
16
16

400
420

12
10

7,0
6,0

70
100

480
515

495
535

6-19
6-22

500
550
540

16
16
16

9,0
11,0
10,0

65
60
70

570
615
670

590
635
690

6-27
6-31
6-37

5
5
7
7
9

50
60
50
60
50

150
180
250
345
395

150
180
250
300
350

16
20

10
9

50
60

445
480

16
16
20

12
13
11

50
50
60

530
570
630

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa


Unit

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19

12
12
12
16
16
16

6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

20
16
16
20

(1)

Orthogonal Reinf.

50
60
50
60
50

140
170
230
320
365

150
180
200
300
350

8
8
10
10
8

r (2)
4,0
5,0
6,0
6,0
9,0

5
5
6
7
9

55
50
50
75
50

165
195
260
350
390

185
215
280
370
410

16
20

9
9

50
60

410
445

350
420

12
10

9,0
7,0

55
80

440
475

460
495

16
16
20

11
13
12

50
45
55

490
530
585

450
495
550

16
16
16

9,0
10,0
9,0

60
60
80

530
570
625

550
590
645

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa


Orthogonal Reinf.

Spiral Reinforcement

r (2)

Unit

r (2)

5
6
6
7
8
10

55
45
50
55
50
45

155
180
215
295
335
375

165
180
200
275
300
360

10
10
10
12

6,0
5,0
7,0
7,0

50
90
65
65

245
325
365
410

175
200
265
345
385
430

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19

12
12
16
16
16
16

5
6
6
8
8
9

55
45
65
50
50
45

145
170
230
305
315
355

165
180
260
300
300
315

10
12

6,0
7,0

65
65

345
390

165
190
250
325
365
410

8
11
12
12

60
45
45
50

410
455
490
540

360
405
450
500

12
16
16
16

6,0
8,0
10,0
8,0

85
65
55
85

445
495
530
580

465
515
550
600

6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

20
16
16
20

8
11
11
10

60
45
45
55

385
425
460
510

360
405
405
440

12
16
16
16

6,0
8,0
10,0
10,0

79
60
50
60

420
465
500
550

440
485
520
570

(1)

Orthogonal Reinf.

(1)

Spiral Reinforcement

8
8
10
10
8

r (2)
4,0
5,0
6,0
5,0
7,0

Spiral Reinforcement

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Reinforcement consists of a combination of spiral and stirrups

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa


Spiral Reinforcement

r (2)

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12

12
12
16
16

5
6
6
7

50
40
60
50

135
160
220
295

150
160
240
250

155
180
240
315

6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27

20
16
20
20

7
8
7
8

60
50
60
60

330
335
370
400

300
300
300
360

12
12
16

8,0
7,0
6,0

50
65
85

370
400
445

350
390
420
465

6-31
6-37

20
20

9
9

60
60

435
480

420
420

16
20

7,0
7,0

75
80

480
530

500
550

(1)

Orthogonal Reinf.

Unit

Notes

Notes

All dimension in [mm]

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder / fc,cube in MPa at stressing

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

(1) J-spacing of bolts for fixation to formwork


(2) H-Inner dia of the trumpet
System can be used with corrugated steel duct or with PT-Plus duct



Joo\
Page T 17
 




X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Strand Ap = 150mm , fpk = 1860N/mm (GUTS), Fpk = 279kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.
For units 6-43 and 6-55 used with Strand Fpk = 279 kN please contact VSL



J[[\

 


Page T 18

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OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

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OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

FRYHU

FRYHU

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CONCRETE 20/25 MPa


A Spiral Reinforcement
I

S G

R

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12

225
275
320
385

45
55
40
55

10
12
12
16

5
5
8
7

210
240
310
405

180
200
300
360

45
40
50
40

12
12
16
16

190
220
290
385

T

210
240
310
405

8
8
10
16

190 5
220 6
290 7
385 10

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

R

T

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

225
250
325
400
405
440
495
550
550
630
715
770

45
50
65
50
45
40
55
50
50
45
65
55

10
12
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
20
25
25

5
5
5
8
9
11
9
11
11
14
11
14

195
220
285
370
415
465
500
555
595
650
700
790

180
195
250
360
400
405
455
540
550
600
675
715

45
65
50
60
50
45
65
60
55
50
75
65

12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
25
32
32

175
200
265
350
395
445
480
535
575
630
680
770

5
4
6
7
9
10
8
10
11
13
10
12

195
220
285
370
415
465
500
555
595
650
700
790

8
8
10
12
16
16
16
20
20
25
25
25

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

225
250
325
350
360
400
440
500
550
585
650
700

45
50
65
50
45
40
55
50
50
65
65
50

10
12
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25

5
5
5
7
8
10
8
10
11
9
10
14

180
205
265
345
385
435
465
515
555
600
650
735

180
195
225
300
350
405
420
495
495
560
600
660

45
65
45
60
50
45
60
55
55
80
75
60

12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
32
32
32

160
185
245
325
365
415
445
495
535
580
630
715

5
4
6
6
8
10
8
10
10
8
9
12

180
205
265
345
385
435
465
515
555
600
650
735

8
8
10
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
25
25

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

S G

R

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

225
250
325
350
360
400
440
500
495
585
600
650

45
50
65
50
45
40
55
50
45
65
60
50

10
12
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25

5
5
5
7
8
10
8
10
11
9
10
13

170
195
250
325
360
410
435
485
520
565
610
690

135
195
225
300
350
360
420
440
450
525
560
660

45
65
45
60
50
45
60
55
50
75
70
60

12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
32
32
32

150
175
230
305
340
390
415
465
500
545
590
670

T

Unit

S G

8
8
8
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
20
25

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

200
250
280
350
360
360
440
450
495
520
585
600

50
50
70
50
45
40
55
50
45
65
65
50

10
12
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25

150 4 170
175 4 195
230 6 250
305 6 325
340 8 360
390 9 410
415 8 435
465 9 485
500 10 520
545 8 565
590 9 610
675 12 695

A Spiral Reinforcement
I

S G

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

200
250
325
330
315
360
385
450
450
520
585
600

50
50
65
55
45
40
55
50
50
65
65
50

10
12
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25

135 4
155 5
205 5
275 6
305 7
350 9
375 7
415 9
450 9
490 8
530 9
600 12

145 4 165
165 5 185
220 4 240
285 7 305
325 8 345
365 9 385
395 8 415
440 9 460
470 11 490
515 8 535
560 9 580
630 12 650

R

50
65
50
55
50
65
60
55
50
75
70
60

12
16
16
20
20
25
25
25
25
32
32
32

145 4 165
165 4 185
220 5 240
285 6 305
325 7 345
365 7 385
395 7 415
440 9 460
470 10 490
515 8 535
560 9 580
645 11 665

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

155
175
225
295
325
370
395
435
470
510
550
620

150
195
225
300
300
315
360
385
450
450
490
600

50
65
45
60
50
45
60
55
50
75
70
60

12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
32
32
32

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S G

8
8
8
10
12
12
16
16
16
16
20
20

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

160
200
260
300
320
360
350
405
405
480
540
550

40
50
65
50
40
60
50
45
45
60
60
50

8
12
16
16
16
20
20
20
20
25
25
25

135 4 155
155 4 175
205 6 225
275 6 295
305 7 325
350 8 370
375 7 395
415 8 435
450 10 470
490 7 510
530 8 550
615 11 635

130 4
140 4
185 4
245 6
275 8
315 6
335 7
375 9
405 9
440 8
485 9
565 11

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R

135
180
180
275
270
325
350
350
400
420
480
540

45
60
45
55
45
65
50
50
80
70
60
60

10
16
16
20
20
25
25
25
32
32
32
32

130 4
140 4
185 5
245 6
275 7
315 6
335 8
375 8
405 6
440 7
475 9
580 10

8
8
8
10
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
25

T

150
160
205
265
295
335
355
395
425
460
495
600

8
8
8
10
10
12
12
16
16
16
16
20

Notes
All dimension in [mm]

Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

R

T

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12

275
270
360
405

55
45
60
45

12
12
16
16

5
6
6
9

210
240
310
405

200
220
280
350

40
55
40
50

12
16
16
20

190
220
290
385

6
5
8
8

210
240
310
405

8
8
10
16

190
220
290
385

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

R

T

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

220
240
330
360
420
450
495
540
585
660
660
750

55
40
55
45
60
50
45
45
65
60
55
50

12
12
16
16
20
20
20
20
25
25
25
25

4
6
6
8
7
9
11
12
9
11
12
15

195
220
285
370
415
465
500
555
595
650
700
825

160
220
240
350
360
420
440
500
525
630
650
780

40
55
40
50
45
60
55
50
75
70
65
60

12
16
16
20
20
25
25
25
32
32
32
32

175
200
265
350
395
445
480
535
575
630
680
815

5
5
7
8
9
8
9
11
8
10
11
14

195
220
285
370
415
465
500
555
595
650
700
835

8
8
10
12
16
16
16
20
20
25
25
32

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

250
240
330
360
420
450
450
520
585
605
600
750

50
40
55
40
60
50
45
65
65
55
50
50

12
12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
25
25

5
6
6
9
7
9
10
8
9
11
12
15

180
205
265
345
385
435
465
515
555
600
650
780

195
200
240
300
390
385
450
480
525
585
600
720

65
50
40
50
65
55
50
80
75
65
60
60

16
16
16
20
25
25
25
32
32
32
32
32

160
185
245
325
365
415
445
495
535
580
630
770

4
5
7
7
7
8
10
7
8
10
11
13

180
205
265
345
385
435
465
515
555
600
650
790

8
8
10
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
25
25

T

B Stirrup Reinforcement

X
150
160
205
265
295
335
355
395
425
460
505
585

Unit

175
200
265
350
395
445
480
535
575
630
680
805

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I
150
195
200
275
300
390
360
440
450
525
560
600

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPa

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa


Unit

160
185
245
325
365
415
445
495
535
580
630
715

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa


A Spiral Reinforcement

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

175
200
265
350
395
445
480
535
575
630
680
770

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A Spiral Reinforcement

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa


A Spiral Reinforcement

CONCRETE 20/25 MPa

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

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CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

S G

R

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

220
240
275
320
385
400
450
520
540
550
600
700

55
40
55
40
55
50
45
65
60
55
50
50

12
12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
25
25

4
6
5
8
7
8
10
8
9
10
12
14

170
195
250
325
360
410
435
485
520
565
610
740

140
165
240
300
325
385
400
450
450
520
540
660

70
55
40
50
65
55
50
75
75
65
60
60

16
16
16
20
25
25
25
32
32
32
32
32

150
175
230
305
340
390
415
465
500
545
590
720

150 3 170
175 4 195
230 7 250
305 7 325
340 6 360
390 8 410
415 9 435
465 7 485
500 7 520
545 9 565
590 10 610
730 12 750

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S G

8
8
8
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
20
25

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

200
200
275
320
360
400
405
455
480
550
550
650

40
40
55
40
60
50
45
65
60
55
50
50

10
12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
25
25

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa


I

S G

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

200
200
275
315
360
400
405
455
520
495
550
650

40
40
55
45
60
50
45
65
65
55
50
50

10
12
16
16
20
20
20
25
25
25
25
25

145 5 165
165 5 185
220 5 240
285 8 305
325 6 345
365 8 385
395 9 415
440 7 460
470 8 490
515 10 535
560 11 580
685 13 705

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

R

160
165
200
270
325
330
400
450
490
520
540
660

40
55
40
45
65
55
50
75
70
65
60
60

12
16
16
20
25
25
25
32
32
32
32
32

145 5 165
165 4 185
220 6 240
285 7 305
325 6 345
365 7 385
395 9 415
440 7 460
470 8 490
515 9 535
560 10 580
695 12 715

135 5 155
155 5 175
205 5 225
275 7 295
305 6 325
350 8 370
375 9 395
415 7 435
450 8 470
490 9 510
530 11 550
650 13 670

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

R

160
165
200
250
325
330
350
375
450
455
480
600

40
55
40
50
65
55
50
75
75
65
60
60

12
16
16
20
25
25
25
32
32
32
32
32

135 5
155 4
205 6
275 6
305 6
350 7
375 8
415 6
450 7
490 8
530 9
665 11

A Spiral Reinforcement

T

Unit

S G

155
175
225
295
325
370
395
435
470
510
550
685

8
8
8
10
12
12
16
16
16
16
20
25

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

200
200
275
280
330
350
390
420
480
450
500
600

50
40
55
40
55
50
65
60
60
50
50
50

10
12
16
16
20
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

130 4 150
140 5 160
185 5 205
245 7 265
275 6 295
315 7 335
335 6 355
375 7 395
405 8 425
440 9 460
485 10 505
605 12 625

R

150
150
220
225
300
300
350
350
390
420
480
600

50
50
55
45
60
50
70
70
65
60
60
60

12
16
20
20
25
25
32
32
32
32
32
32

130 4
140 4
185 5
245 6
275 6
315 7
335 6
375 6
405 7
445 8
495 9
620 11

T

150
160
205
265
295
335
355
395
425
465
515
640

8
8
8
10
10
12
12
16
16
16
16
20

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Notes

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

All dimension in [mm]

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder / fc,cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder / fc,cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Page T 19
 




8
8
8
10
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
25

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2



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CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

160
185
245
325
365
415
445
495
535
580
630
760

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.



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Page T 20

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Reinforcement consists of a combination of spiral and stirrups

CONCRETE 23/28 MPa

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

'

&

Spiral Reinforcement

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Concrete

Concrete

23/28 & 28/35 MPa




75

10

110

M12

135

Concrete

32/40 & 36/45 MPa




6-1

18

53

50

H
25

150

J
86

70

10

150

J
79

6-2

50

90

50

50

6-3

56

95

50

55

105

10

200

136

100

10

200

15

205

135

125

15

205

6-4

65

110

55

60

110

M12

160

20

210

150

145

20

210

150

130

20

210

150

6-7

84

135

60

72

120

M12

205

30

320

210

175

25

315

210

160

25

315

190

65

10

150

122

95

10

200

115

135

120

15

205

135

J
78

6-12

118

170

75

92

135

M16

270

40

500

265

230

35

495

265

210

35

495

240

6-15

143

190

85

97

145

M16

305

45

585

275

265

40

580

275

240

40

580

275

6-19

150

200

95

107

155

M16

340

50

640

280

290

45

635

280

270

45

635

280

6-22

172

220

100

122

160

M16

370

55

745

310

320

50

740

310

290

50

740

310

6-27

185

240

110

132

170

M16

410

60

690

330

350

55

685

330

320

55

685

330

6-31

192

260

120

142

180

M16

435

65

755

360

370

60

750

360

340

60

750

360

6-37

215

280

135

155

200

M16

480

75

905

370

410

70

900

370

375

65

895

370

6-43

248

320

145

165

215

M20

520

80

1030

420

450

75

1025

420

410

70

1020

420

6-55

255

340

160

185

230

M20

580

95

1045

452

500

90

1040

452

450

80

1030

452

(1) J- spacing of bolts for fixation to formwork

10
12
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
20
20
20

(1)

5
5
5
6
6
7
7
9
10
11
12
11
13
14

Orthogonal Reinf.

60
60
55
50
60
65
75
60
60
55
55
65
60
60

100
150
185
220
260
345
390
450
490
545
585
645
705
805

180
180
165
200
240
325
375
420
480
495
550
585
660
720

12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

r (2)
4,0
7,0
6,0
6,0
7,0
8,0
10,0
9,0
10,0
15,0

75
70
75
90
75
70
60
75
70
55

295
390
435
495
535
595
635
695
750
855

X
120
170
205
240
315
410
455
515
555
615
655
715
770
875

Unit

6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

10
12
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
20
20
20

(1)

5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
10
11
12
11
13
14

Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

10
12
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
20
20
20

(1)

5
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
10
11
11
11
12
14

Orthogonal Reinf.

65
60
55
50
50
65
65
60
50
50
50
60
55
55

90
135
165
195
225
315
345
395
430
485
525
580
630
720

195
180
165
200
200
325
325
360
400
450
450
540
550
660

12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

r (2)
5,0
6,0
6,0
7,0
7,0
9,0
10,0
9,0
11,0
14,0

75
75
75
75
75
65
60
75
65
55

260
350
390
440
475
530
570
625
675
765

X
110
155
185
215
280
370
410
460
495
550
590
645
695
785

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

Spiral Reinforcement

Concrete strength is defined as minimum required fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa at time of stressing

6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa




All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

43/53 MPa


Unit

Notes

Unit

Orthogonal Reinf.

r (2)

65
60
50
45
45
55
55
55
45
45
45
55
50
50

85
125
155
180
210
290
320
370
400
450
490
540
585
670

195
180
200
180
225
275
330
330
360
405
450
495
550
600

12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

5,0
6,0
7,0
8,0
8,0
10,0
12,0
11,0
14,0
18,0

65
60
60
60
60
50
45
55
45
40

245
325
365
415
445
495
535
585
630
715

X
105
145
175
200
265
345
385
435
465
515
555
605
650
735

Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37
6-43
6-55

10
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
20
20
20

(1)

5
5
5
6
6
7
8
8
10
11
11
11
12
13

Orthogonal Reinf.

r (2)

65
55
50
45
65
50
50
50
45
45
45
50
50
50

75
115
145
170
195
270
300
345
375
425
460
505
545
625

195
165
150
180
260
250
300
300
360
405
405
450
500
550

12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
20
20

4,0
5,0
6,0
7,0
8,0
10,0
12,0
10,0
10,0
12,0

80
70
70
60
55
50
45
60
65
60

230
305
345
390
420
470
505
550
595
675

X
95
135
165
190
250
325
365
410
440
490
525
570
615
695

Notes
All dimension in [mm]

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 279kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

(2) H-Inner dia of the trumpet


System can be used with corrugated steel duct or with PT-Plus duct


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Page T 21
 






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Page T 22

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OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

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OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

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OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

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OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

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CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

R

T

6-1
6-2

160 40
220 55

8
10

90
145

4
4

110
165

90
160

45
40

10
10

90
145

3
5

110
165

8
8

6-1
6-2

180 45
220 55

8
10

85
135

4
4

105
155

90
165

45
55

10
12

85
135

3
4

105
155

8
8

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15

225
275
280
400
405

45
55
40
50
45

10
12
12
16
16

175
200
265
350
395

5
5
7
8
9

195
220
285
370
415

180
200
250
360
400

45
40
50
60
50

12
12
16
20
20

175
200
265
350
395

5
6
6
7
9

195
220
285
370
415

8
8
10
12
16

6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15

200
275
280
350
360

40
55
40
50
45

10
12
12
16
16

160
185
245
325
365

5
5
7
7
8

180
205
265
345
385

180
210
250
330
360

45
70
50
55
45

12
16
16
20
20

160
185
245
325
365

5
4
6
7
9

180
205
265
345
385

8
8
10
12
12

6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

440
480
550
550
630

40
60
55
50
45

16
20
20
20
20

445
480
535
575
630

11
8
10
11
14

465
500
555
595
650

405
455
540
540
600

45
65
60
60
50

20
25
25
25
25

445
480
535
575
630

10
8
10
10
13

465
500
555
595
650

16
16
20
20
25

6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

400
480
495
550
585

40
60
55
50
45

16
20
20
20
20

415 10 435
445 8 465
495 9 515
535 11 555
580 13 600

405
455
480
495
550

45
65
60
55
50

20
25
25
25
25

415
445
495
535
580

10
8
9
10
12

435
465
515
555
600

16
16
16
20
20

6-43

715 65

25

680 11 700

675

75

32

680

10 700

25

6-43

650 65

25

630 10 650

600

75

32

630

650

25

6-55

780 60

25

770 13 790

700

70

32

770

11 790

25

6-55

720 60

25

715 12 735

700

70

32

715

11 735

25

Unit

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa


I

S G

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

S G

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

S G

R

T

90
145

4
4

110
165

120
135

40
45

10
12

90
145

4
4

110
165

8
8

6-1
6-2

220 55
180 45

10
10

85
135

4
4

105
155

80
135

40
45

10
12

85
135

3
4

105
155

8
8

6-3
6-4

250 50
225 45

12
12

175
200

5
5

195
220

195
220

65
55

16
16

175
200

4
5

195
220

8
8

6-3
6-4

250 50
225 45

12
12

160
185

5
5

180
205

195
220

65
55

16
16

160
185

4
5

180
205

8
8

6-7

300 60

16

265

285

240

40

16

265

285

10

6-7

300 60

16

245

265

240

40

16

245

265

10

6-12
6-15
6-19

360 45
420 60
440 55

16
20
20

350
395
445

8
7
8

370
415
465

350
390
420

50
65
60

20
25
25

350
395
445

8
7
8

370
415
465

12
16
16

6-12
6-15
6-19

360 40
385 55
440 55

16
20
20

325
365
415

9
7
8

345
385
435

315
360
420

45
60
60

20
25
25

325
365
415

8
7
8

345
385
435

12
12
16

6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

500
540
585
660

50
45
45
60

20
20
20
25

480
535
575
630

10
12
13
11

500
555
595
650

440
500
550
630

55
50
50
70

25
25
25
32

480
535
575
630

9
11
12
10

500
555
595
650

16
20
20
25

6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

450
495
585
600

50
45
65
60

20
20
25
25

445 9 465
495 11 515
535 9 555
580 10 600

450
450
560
560

50
50
80
70

25
25
32
32

445
495
535
580

10
10
8
9

465
515
555
600

16
16
20
20

6-43
6-55

660 55
750 50

25
25

680 12 700
770 15 790

650
720

65
60

32
32

680
770

11 700
13 790

25
25

6-43
6-55

605 55
700 50

25
25

630 11 650
715 14 735

600
660

60
60

32
32

630
715

11 650
12 735

25
25

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

Unit
6-1
6-2

80

100

90

45

10

80

100

6-1

160 40

75

95

90

45

10

75

95

6-2
6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12

180
200
250
300
315

45
40
50
60
45

10
10
12
16
16

125
150
175
230
305

4
5
5
5
7

145
170
195
250
325

135
160
180
240
300

45
40
60
40
50

12
12
16
16
20

125
150
175
230
305

4
5
4
7
7

145
170
195
250
325

8
8
8
8
12

6-2
6-3
6-4
6-7
6-12

200
200
250
300
320

50
40
50
60
40

10
10
12
16
16

120
145
165
220
285

4
5
5
5
8

140
165
185
240
305

150
160
180
200
270

50
40
60
40
45

12
12
16
16
20

120
145
165
220
285

4
5
4
6
7

140
165
185
240
305

8
8
8
8
10

6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31

420
440
450
450
495

60
55
50
45
45

20
20
20
20
20

340 7 360
390 8 410
415 9 435
465 10 485
500 11 520

325
360
400
450
480

65
60
50
50
80

25
25
25
25
32

340
390
415
465
500

6
7
9
10
7

360
410
435
485
520

12
16
16
16
20

6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31

360
385
400
450
520

60
55
50
45
65

20
20
20
20
25

325 6 345
365 7 385
395 8 415
440 10 460
470 8 490

325
360
400
400
450

65
60
50
50
75

25
25
25
25
32

325
365
395
440
470

6
7
9
9
7

345
385
415
460
490

12
12
16
16
16

6-37

540 60

25

545

565

560

70

32

545

565

20

6-37

540 60

25

515

535

490

70

32

515

535

20

6-43
6-55

605 55
650 50

25
25

590 11 610
670 13 690

540
660

60
60

32
32

590
670

10 610
12 690

20
25

6-43
6-55

550 55
600 50

25
25

560 10 580
630 12 650

540
600

60
60

32
32

560
630

10 580
11 650

20
25

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

10
10

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

220 55
180 45

160 40

A Spiral Reinforcement
6-1
6-2

Unit

6-1

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CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

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CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

B Stirrup Reinforcement

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A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

R

220 55
200 40

10
10

80
125

4
5

100
145

110
120

55
40

12
12

80
125

3
4

100
145

8
8

6-1
6-2

180 45
220 55

10
12

70
115

4
4

90
135

110
120

55
40

12
12

75
120

3
4

95
140

8
8

6-3
6-4
6-7

225 45
240 40
300 50

12
12
16

150
175
230

5
6
6

170
195
250

180
200
220

60
50
55

16
16
20

150
175
230

4
5
5

170
195
250

8
8
8

6-3
6-4
6-7

225 45
200 40
300 50

12
12
16

140
160
215

5
5
6

160
180
235

195
150
220

65
50
55

16
16
20

145
165
220

4
4
5

165
185
240

8
8
8

6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22

360
400
405
455

60
50
45
65

20
20
20
25

305
340
390
415

6
8
9
7

325
360
410
435

325
350
400
375

65
50
50
75

25
25
25
32

305
340
390
415

6
8
9
6

325
360
410
435

12
12
16
16

6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22

330
360
405
455

55
45
45
65

20
20
20
25

280
320
360
390

6
8
9
7

300
340
380
410

300
300
350
420

60
50
50
70

25
25
25
32

285
325
365
395

6
7
8
7

305
345
385
415

10
12
12
16

6-27
6-31
6-37

480 60
495 55
550 50

25
25
25

465 8 485
500 9 520
545 11 565

420
455
540

70
65
60

32
32
32

465
500
545

7 485
8 520
10 565

16
20
20

6-27
6-31
6-37

480 60
495 55
500 50

25
25
25

435 8 455
465 9 485
510 10 530

455
455
480

65
65
60

32
32
32

440
470
520

8
8
9

460
490
540

16
16
20

6-43
6-55

585 45
700 50

25
25

600 13 620
700 14 720

600
660

60
60

32
32

620
715

11 640
12 735

20
25

6-43
6-55

600 50
650 50

25
25

575 12 595
665 13 685

540
660

60
60

32
32

590
680

10 610
12 700

20
25

T

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa


A Spiral Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

S G

R

T

6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4

160
200
200
250

40
50
40
50

8
10
10
12

70
115
135
155

4
4
5
5

90
135
155
175

80
150
160
180

40
50
40
60

10
12
12
16

70
115
135
155

3
4
5
4

90
135
155
175

8
8
8
8

6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22

300
315
385
385
400

60
45
55
55
50

16
16
20
20
20

205
275
305
350
375

5
7
7
7
8

225
295
325
370
395

200
270
300
360
350

40
45
60
60
50

16
20
25
25
25

205
275
305
350
375

6
7
6
7
8

225
295
325
370
395

8
10
12
12
16

6-27
6-31

450 45
450 45

20
20

415 10 435
450 10 470

375
450

75
75

32
32

415
450

6
7

435
470

16
16

6-37
6-43

540 60
550 55

25
25

490 9 510
530 10 550

490
480

70
60

32
32

490
530

8
9

510
550

16
20

6-55

600 50

25

600 12 620

600

60

32

605

11 625

20

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

6-1

200 50

10

70

90

100

50

12

70

90

6-2
6-3
6-4

180 45
200 50
200 40

10
12
12

115
135
155

4
4
5

135
155
175

120
180
150

40
60
50

12
16
16

115
135
155

4
4
4

135
155
175

8
8
8

6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19

250
360
360
360

50
60
45
45

16
20
20
20

205
275
305
350

5
6
8
8

225
295
325
370

220
300
300
350

55
60
50
50

20
25
25
25

205
275
305
350

5
6
7
8

225
295
325
370

8
10
12
12

6-22
6-27
6-31

455 65
480 60
495 55

25
25
25

375
415
450

7
8
9

395
435
470

350
390
455

70
65
65

32
32
32

375
415
450

6
7
8

395
435
470

16
16
16

6-37
6-43
6-55

500 50
550 50
600 50

25
25
25

490 10 510
545 11 565
630 12 650

480
540
600

60
60
60

32
32
32

495
565
645

9 515
10 585
11 665

16
20
25

Unit

R

T

Notes

Notes

All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390N/mm2

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 150mm , fpk = 1770N/mm (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance and center spacing may be modified, contact VSL



J[o\
Page T 23 
 




X = minimal center spacing between anchorages



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Page T 24

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Multistrand Post-Tensioning System

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Anchorage Type 0.6 (1)

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Anchorage Type 0.6

Anchorage Type 0.5

Anchorage Type 0.5 (1)

Unit

G

R

Unit

G

R

6-1

5-3

6-3

5-4

6-4

5-7

155

180

12

6-7

155

200

16

5-12

155

200

12

6-12

155

230

16

6-15

155

300

16

5-19
5-22

155
155

230
300

12
16

6-19

155

300

16

5-31

165

350

16

6-22

155

350

16

5-37

165

350

18

Unit

Arrangement

Unit

Arrangement

6-1

90

90

950

5-3

230

70

930

6-27

155

350

20

5-42

165

400

18

6-3

290

90

950

310

70

930

6-31

165

400

20

5-55

175

400

20

390

90

950

150

170

930

6-37

175

400

20

190

210

950

450

90

1150

1300

210

230

1150

1300

430

230

1150

1300

390

330

1150

450

230

1150

1300

6-4
6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31
6-37

370

370

1150

1300

570

230

1150

1300

390

470

1150

1300

690

230

1450

1600

490

470

1250

1400

690

260

1500

1650

530

510

1450

1600

810

260

1750

1900

570

510

1550

1700

1050

370

2400

2550

690

510

1850

2000

Nom. strand breaking load

5-4
5-7
5-12
5-19
5-22
5-31
5-37

5-42

5-55

370

70

1130

1280

170

190

1130

1280

1)

Nom. strand breaking load

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Max. tendon force

350

190

1130

1280

0,6

Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5kN

20 / 25 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

75% of Fpk

310

270

1280

0,6

Fpk = 279kN

23 / 28 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

470

190

1130

1280

0,5

Fpk = 186kN

23 / 28 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

310

390

1130

1280

Notes

570

190

1130

1280

All dimension in [mm]

390

390

1130

1280

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

670

310

1330

1480

X/Y: minimum center spacing = Max (minimum center spacing stressing anchorage; dimension A respectively B of H anchorage + 20mm)

470

430

1330

1480

Minimum edge distance: X/2 resp Y/2 + concrete cover

770

310

1530

1680

470

550

1530

1680

870

350

1530

1680

670

430

1530

1680

570

550

1530

1680

1170

350

1830

1980

870

430

1830

1980

570

670

1830

1980

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Max. tendon force

Fpk = 260.4 / 265,5kN

20 / 25 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

75% of Fpk

Fpk = 279kN

23 / 28 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

Fpk = 186kN

23 / 28 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

Slab Post-Tensioning System


Anchorage Type 0.6 (1)
Unit

G

R

6-1
6-3

6-4

6-5

Strand 260/265

Strand 279

210
270

240
310

310
330

360
400

Notes
1)

Nom. strand breaking load

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Max. tendon force

0,6

Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5 / 279kN

20 / 25 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

Notes
All dimension in [mm]

All dimension in [mm]

System applicable to strands with Ap = 100 mm2 or Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

Strands (bulbs) can be arranged either rectangular (Arr. 1) or square (Arr. 2)

General zone reinforcement (secondary prism) not shown. In slabs there is always need to reinforce vertical secondary prism.

System can be used with corrugated steel duct or PT-Plus duct

2) X= Anchorage spacing. Minimum edge distance: X/2 + concrete cover



Joo|
Page T 25 
 






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Page T 26

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Arrangement 1 Square
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Arrangement 2
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Unit

X1

Y1

6-2

180

60

280

200

150

6-3

230

70

330

250

200

6-4

150

150

380

215

215

260

90

430

280

200

6-7

270

140

430

360

220

300

140

200

16

60

6-12

280

230

430

500

270

300

140

230

16

60

6-19

370

270

630

550

390

300

140

300

16

60

6-22

420

270

730

650

380

300

140

350

16

60

6-31

480

340

780

660

530

600

270

980

810

430

360

170

400

20

60

6-37

560

340

980

780

530

720

270

1180

960

430

360

170

400

20

60

Nom. strand breaking load

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Unit

Arrangement

6-2

180

60

280

6-3

230

70

330

Notes

6-4

260

90

430

All dimension in [mm]

6-4

150

150

380

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2

6-7

270

140

430

1) X/Y = Center spacing of anchorage. Minimum edge distance: X/2 resp Y/2 + concrete cover

6-12

280

230

430

Detailing of minimum clearance to edge shall be according to corresponding stressing anchorage

6-19

370

270

630

6-22

420

270

730

6-31

600

270

980

6-31

480

340

780

6-37

720

270

1180

Max. tendon force

28 / 35 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5 / 279kN

80% of Fpk

Slab Post-Tensioning
Arrangement 1 Square

Arrangement 2 Rectangular

Unit

X 279 1

6-2

180

70

280

210

240

230

80

330

270

310

X 260/265

560

340

980

6-43

800

270

1280

6-3

6-43

650

340

1080

6-4

260

100

430

320

360

6-55

1000

270

1780

6-5

310

110

430

350

400

6-55

800

340

1280

Nom. strand breaking load


Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5 / 279kN

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Min. concrete strength at stressing

Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5 / 279kN

28 / 35 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

Max. tendon force

20 / 25 fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa

80% of Fpk

Notes

Notes

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

All dimension in [mm]

System can be used with corrugated steel duct or PT-Plus duct

1) X= center spacing of anchorage depending on nom. strand breaking load. Minimum edge distance: X/2 + concrete cover

The anchor plate with the compression fittings can be arranged either in rectangular format (Arr. 1) or in square format (Arr. 2)

General zone reinforcement (secondary prism) not shown. In slabs there is always need to reinforce vertical secondary prism.



Joo

6-37

Nom. strand breaking load

Page T 27
 




Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2



J[[|

 


Page T 28

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COUPLER TYPE K

),?W">Wj

Grout Connection
Recess in Structural Concrete

Trumpet K

Retainer Plates

Steel Band

Tension Ring

Compresion Fitting

Duct
Tension Ring

Coupling Head K
Strands
Coupling Head
Tension Ring

Duct
Duct

'

'

&

U
)/

&

U
*/

6-3

430

160

210

150

76

118

6-4

440

160

220

160

83

118

6-7

560

160

320

190

95

128

6-12

660

160

420

240

121

128

6-15

770

160

530

270

133

128

6-19

770

160

530

280

146

128

6-22

910

160

630

310

159

128

Unit

6-27

980

180

690

350

168

150

6-2

140

70

90

65

450

620

180

6-31

970

180

660

360

178

150

6-4

170

80

100

70

900

1130

210

6-37

1200

200

870

400

203

168

6-6

210

100

140

90

1000

1320

250

6-12

300

160

160

100

1350

1910

340

6-22

400

190

250

145

1500

2290

440

Unit

Notes
Notes

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

System can be used with corrugated steel duct or with PT-Plus duct
L: movement of coupling head due to tendon extensions

System can be used with Type GC or E bearing plate


System can be used with corrugated steel duct or PT-Plus duct



Joob
Page T 29
 






Jo[b

 


Page T 30

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DEAD END ANCHORAGE TYPE AF

%J)<,%^">W%_
 *{\bmd\|}*J`
 B ^

$ B
<;G(-':0.':7''
:55,
2nd Injection
(Tendon Grout)

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

Anchorage Body
(Casting)

Srand Fpk= 265 kN


Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390 N/mm2

High strength
Grout in-fill

A Spiral Reinforcement

1st Injection
(High Strength Grout)

Unit
6-4
6-7

B Stirrup Reinforcement

60

I
450
450

P
50
45

S
8
12

G
235
295

n
9
10

X
255
315

F
45
45

I
385
420

P
55
60

R
10
16

M
235
295

r
8
8

X
255
315

S
8
10

6-12
6-15
6-19

60
60
60

450
440
495

50
40
55

16
16
20

370
415
465

9
11
9

390
435
485

45
45
45

385
405
455

55
45
65

20
20
25

370
415
465

8
10
8

390
435
485

16
16
16

6-22
6-27
6-31

70
70
70

550
560
650

50
70
65

20
25
25

495
545
585

11
8
10

515
565
605

45
45
45

495
550
600

55
50
75

25
25
32

495
545
585

10
11
9

515
565
605

16
20
20

60

Strands with
Compression Fittings
Srand Fpk= 265 kN
Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460 N/mm2
B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

Base Plate

240

700

60

800

6-7

250

700

60

800

6-12

265

700

60

800

6-15

285

700

60

800

6-19

315

700

60

800

6-22

333

750

60

850

6-27

353

800

60

890

6-31

380

900

60

1000

F
60

I
420

P
60

S
8

G
235

n
7

X
255

F
45

I
420

P
70

R
10

M
235

r
7

X
255

S
8

6-7
6-12
6-15

60
60
60

440
440
450

55
55
50

12
16
16

295
370
415

8
8
9

315
390
435

45
45
45

420
390
440

70
65
55

16
20
20

295
370
415

7
7
9

315
390
435

10
16
16

6-19
6-22
6-27
6-31

60
70
70
70

495
540
550
650

45
60
55
50

16
20
20
20

465
495
545
585

11
9
10
13

485
515
565
605

45
45
45
45

450
490
540
605

50
70
60
55

20
25
25
25

465
495
545
585

10
8
10
12

485
515
565
605

16
16
20
20

Srand Fpk= 279 kN


Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500 N/mm2
B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

'

6-4

Unit

Unit
6-4

Unit
6-4

F
60

I
450

P
50

S
12

G
240

n
9

X
260

F
45

I
400

P
50

R
12

M
240

r
9

X
260

S
10

6-7
6-12
6-15

60
60
60

420
450
450

70
50
45

16
16
16

305
390
435

6
9
10

325
410
455

45
45
45

400
385
450

50
55
50

16
20
20

305
390
435

9
8
10

325
410
455

12
16
16

6-19
6-22
6-27

60
70
70

480
520
550

40
40
55

16
16
20

485
520
575

12
13
10

505
540
595

45
45
45

495
490
540

45
70
60

20
25
25

485
520
575

12
8
10

505
540
595

16
20
20

6-31

70

660

55

20

615

12

635

45

600

60

25

615

11

635

20


Notes

Minimum in-fill grout strength at time of stressing fc, cube = 100 MPa

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN


Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 279kN

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

For maximum tendon force refer to 4.2.8

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

&

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

All dimension in [mm]


Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube =28/35 MPa at stressing

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

System can be used with corrugated steel duct or PT-Plus duct




Jo[o
Page T 31
 






J[[}

 


Page T 32

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DEAD END ANCHORAGE TYPE L

%J)<,%^">Wo+b_
 *{\bod\bmd\|}*J`
 B ^

$ B
( {]}oJd2

Duct

$
5

Required cross-sectional area of hairpin bars if anchorage is an intermediate anchorage (~ 1/4 of 2 x Po anchored behind tendon

at ~ 50% fy ):

Smooth Steel or
Smooth HDPE Pipe

Grout Connection
Grout Connection

As.n = Po.

[mm2]
[-]

number of hairpin bars

As
Po

[kN]

Prestressing force in the tendon

fAext

[mm]

External diameter of duct

[mm]

[mm]

fy
Unit

For strands with Fpk = 260.4 / 265.5 kN


A
B
R min
internal/external
internal/external

For strands with Fpk = 279 kN


A
B
internal/external
internal/external
50/55
45/50

R min

6-2

50/55

45/50

600

600

6-3

50/55

45/50

600

50/55

45/50

600

6-4

55/60

50/55

600

55/60

50/55

650

6-7

75/82

60/67

750

75/82

60/67

850

6-12

90/97

80/87

1000

90/97

80/87

1100

6-19

110/117

95/102

1300

110/117

95/102

1400

6-22

110/117

95/102

1500

120/127

110/117

1500

cross-sectional area of one hairpin bar

Concrete thickness
Required anchoring length according to applicable standard
2

[N/mm ]

Yield strength of hairpin bars: min. 390 N/mm2

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube =23/28 MPa at time of stressing
Concrete cover to ducts shall not be less than the external diameter of the ducts

Arrangement of multiple L anchorages depending on available concrete thickness

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]
System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2
System can be used with corrugated steel duct or with PT-Plus duct
For larger units contact VSL

T3A ext



Joo}
Page T 33
 




T4A ext

T4A ext



J[[

 


Page T 34

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%J)<,%^">Wo+m

%J)<,%^">Wo+m_
 [b*J`
 B ^

$ B
( {lboJd2
 


OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

FRYHU

FRYHU

  

 
 


U[

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; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

  
CONCRETE 28/35 MPA

CONCRETE 32/40 MPA

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

S

G

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

R

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S

G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

220 55

65

85

80

40

65

85

5-1

210 70

65

85

100

50

65

85

5-3

180 45

10

130

150

135

45

12

130

150

5-3

180 45

10

120

140

135

45

12

120

140

5-4

200 40

10

150

170

160

40

12

150

170

5-4

200 40

10

140

160

160

40

12

140

160

'

&

5-1

5-7

225 45

12

200

220

220

55

16

200

220

5-7

225 45

12

190

210

220

55

16

190

210

5-12

300 60

16

270

290

280

40

16

270

290

10

5-12

300 60

16

250

270

240

40

16

250

270

10

5-19

360 45

16

340

360

350

50

20

340

360

12

5-19

360 45

16

320

340

300

50

20

320

340

12

5-22

400 40

16

370 10 390

360

45

20

370

390

16

5-22

360 40

16

345

365

315

45

20

345

365

12

5-31

440 55

20

440

460

420

60

25

440

460

16

5-31

440 55

20

410

430

420

60

25

410

430

16

5-37

495 55

20

485

505

480

60

25

485

505

16

5-37

495 55

20

455

475

440

55

25

455

475

16

5-43

550 50

20

525 11 545

500

50

25

525

11 545

20

5-43

495 45

20

490 11 510

450

50

25

490

10 510

16

5-55

585 45

20

595 13 615

550

50

25

595

12 615

20

5-55

540 45

20

555 12 575

560

80

32

555

20

575

$
)

CONCRETE 36/45 MPA

CONCRETE 40/50 MPA

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit





Concrete

Concrete

5-1

210 70

28/35 & 32/40 MPa

36/45 & 40/50 MPa

5-3

200 50

5-4

220 55

G

65

10

115

12

130

S

B Stirrup Reinforcement
R

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S

G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

85

65

65

65

85

5-1

210 70

65

85

70

70

65

85

135

135

45

12

115

135

5-3

240 60

10

115

135

120

40

10

115

135

150

130

65

16

130

150

5-4

200 40

10

125

145

120

40

12

125

145

5-7

200 40

12

170

190

200

50

16

170

190

Unit

42

45

J
70

15

H
25

5-1

65

15

85

65

15

85

5-7

240 40

12

180

200

200

50

16

180

200

5-12

300 50

16

235

255

220

55

20

235

255

5-12

275 55

16

225

245

220

55

20

225

245

5-3

50

90

50

40

110

M10

115

15

210

115

15

210

5-19

320 40

16

300

320

325

65

25

300

320

10

5-19

320 40

16

285

305

260

65

25

285

305

10

5-4

55

90

50

45

125

M10

130

20

215

125

20

210

5-22

360 60

20

325

345

300

60

25

325

345

12

5-22

360 60

20

310

330

300

60

25

310

330

12

5-7

74

110

55

55

210

M10

175

30

220

160

25

215

5-31

400 50

20

390

410

385

55

25

390

410

16

5-31

400 50

20

370

390

385

55

25

370

390

16

5-12

104

150

60

65

210

M10

230

35

410

210

30

405

5-37

450 50

20

430

450

400

50

25

430

450

16

5-37

405 45

20

405

425

400

50

25

405

425

16

5-43

520 65

25

465

485

450

75

32

465

485

16

5-43

455 65

25

440

460

420

70

32

440

460

16

5-55

540 60

25

525

545

490

70

32

525

545

20

5-55

540 60

25

500

520

455

65

32

500

520

20

5-19

135

180

75

80

250

M16

290

45

520

265

40

510

5-22

150

190

85

85

260

M16

315

50

530

290

45

525

5-31

172

230

95

100

310

M16

370

60

610

340

50

605

5-37

188

240

105

120

320

M16

405

70

640

370

60

630

5-43

216

260

110

130

350

M16

445

75

750

405

65

740

5-55

230

290

130

140

390

M16

500

85

760

450

75

750

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]
System applicable to strands with Ap = 100 mm2

Notes
All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Concrete: minimum required strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 100mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 186kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length
Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Concrete strength is defined as minimum required fc,cyl / fc,cube in MPa at time of stressing
(1) J- spacing of bolts for fixation to formwork
(2) H-Inner dia of the trumpet



Jo[[
Page T 35
 






J[\[

 


Page T 36

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%J)<,%^">W)o+m

 B ^

$ B
( {]}oJd2
Grout Connection

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

FRYHU

FRYHU

Duct

7
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3
,

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Tape
CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

R

T

65

85

110

55

10

65

85

5-1

220 55

65

85

80

40

65

85

5-3

200 40

10

130

150

120

40

12

130

150

5-3

220 55

12

120

140

130

65

16

120

140

5-4

200 50

12

150

170

180

60

16

150

170

5-4

200 50

12

140

160

180

60

16

140

160

5-7

325 65

16

200

220

180

45

16

200

220

5-7

280 70

16

190

210

180

45

16

190

210

5-12

300 50

16

270

290

275

55

20

270

290

10

5-12

300 50

16

250

270

250

50

20

250

270

10

S G

Bearing Plate (casting)

B Stirrup Reinforcement

180 45

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

5-1

Unit

5-19

360 40

16

340

360

325

65

25

340

360

12

5-19

320 40

16

320

340

325

65

25

320

340

12

5-22

385 55

20

370

390

360

60

25

370

390

16

5-22

385 55

20

345

365

360

60

25

345

365

12

5-31

450 50

20

440

460

400

50

25

440

460

16

5-31

405 45

20

410

430

400

50

25

410

430

16

5-37

495 45

20

485 11 505

450

50

25

485

10 505

16

5-37

450 45

20

455 10 475

480

80

32

455

475

16

5-43

585 65

25

525

545

490

70

32

525

545

20

5-43

540 60

25

490

510

490

70

32

490

510

16

5-55

600 60

25

595 10 615

585

65

32

595

10 615

20

5-55

550 55

25

555 10 575

520

65

32

555

575

20

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

5-1

210 70

S G
8

65

Wedges
Anchor Head
Anchor Head

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

Strands

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

85

110

55

65

85

5-1

210 70

S G
8

65

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

85

70

70

65

85

T
8

5-3

160 40

10

115

135

120

40

12

115

135

5-3

200 50

10

115

135

135

45

12

115

135

5-4

225 45

12

130

150

165

55

16

130

150

5-4

225 45

12

125

145

165

55

16

125

145

8
8

5-7

260 65

16

180

200

200

40

16

180

200

5-7

260 65

16

170

190

160

40

16

170

190

5-12

270 45

16

235

255

225

45

20

235

255

5-12

270 45

16

225

245

225

45

20

225

245

5-19

330 55

20

300

320

275

55

25

300

320

10

5-19

330 55

20

285

305

275

55

25

285

305

10

5-22

350 50

20

325

345

300

50

25

325

345

12

5-22

350 50

20

310

330

300

50

25

310

330

12

5-31

405 45

20

390

410

375

75

32

390

410

16

5-31

405 45

20

370

390

375

75

32

370

390

16

5-37

455 65

25

430

450

420

70

32

430

450

16

5-37

480 60

25

405

425

420

70

32

405

425

16

Unit

5-43

495 55

25

465

485

420

60

32

465

485

16

5-43

495 55

25

440

460

420

60

32

440

460

16

5-4

135

100

42

90

46

100

H(2)
42

J (1)
134

5-55

550 50

25

525 11 545

480

60

32

530

550

20

5-55

500 50

25

500 10 520

480

60

32

505

525

20

5-7

165

100

57

110

51

100

57

177

11

5-12

215

160

75

150

56

160

75

212

11

Notes

K
11

All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

5-19

265

210

90

180

71

210

100

283

11

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

5-22

290

215

100

190

80

215

100

318

11

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

5-27

315

300

100

220

85

300

100

354

11

Strand Ap = 100mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 186kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

5-31

315

300

110

230

90

300

110

354

11

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

5-37

370

320

120

240

100

320

120

431

11

5-42

390

340

129

260

105

340

129

460

11

5-48

430

340

138

280

125

340

138

516

11

5-55

465

340

153

290

125

340

153

566

13

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]
System applicable to strands with Ap = 100 mm2
(1) J- spacing of bolts for fixation to formwork
(2) H-Inner exit diameter of casting


J[\o
Page T 37
 






Jo[\

 


Page T 38

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$ B
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:55,

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

FRYHU

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU

FRYHU

Q[

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S

G

R

5-4

200 40

10

180

200

200

40

12

180

280 40
360 60

12
16

240
320

7
6

260
340

220
320

55
40

16
16

240
320

5
9
9
9

R

T

Unit

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 20/25 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

U[

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
I

Q[

CONCRETE 20/25 MPa


Unit

U[

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

FRYHU

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

200

260
340

10
12

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S

G

R

5-4

220 55

12

160

180

160

40

12

160

180

5-7
5-12

240 40
330 55

12
16

220
290

6
6

240
310

220
280

55
40

16
16

220
290

5
8

240
310

8
10

8
9

390
420

16
16

T

5-4
5-7

250 50
300 50

10
12

180
240

5
6

200
260

200
260

50
65

12
16

180
240

5
5

200
260

8
10

5-4
5-7

225 45
250 50

10
12

160
220

5
5

180
240

180
260

45
65

12
16

160
220

5
5

180
240

8
8

5-12

320 40

12

320

340

300

50

16

320

340

12

5-12

325 65

16

290

310

300

50

16

290

310

10

5-7
5-12

5-19
5-22

440 55
450 50

16
16

405
435

8
9

425
455

400
420

40
60

16
20

405 11 425
435 8 455

16
16

5-19
5-22

385 55
400 50

16
16

370
400

7
8

390
420

360
360

40
60

16
20

370 10 390
400 7 420

16
16

5-19
5-22

405 45
440 40

16
16

405 9 425
435 11 455

400
400

50
50

20
20

405
435

425
455

16
16

5-19
5-22

405 45
400 40

16
16

370 9 390
400 10 420

350
400

50
50

20
20

370
400

16
16

5-27

480 40

16

485 12 505

450

45

20

485 11 505

16

5-27

440 40

16

445 11 465

405

45

20

445 10 465

16

5-31
5-37

550 55
550 55

20
20

520 10 540
575 10 595

520
540

65
60

25
25

520 9 540
575 10 595

20
20

5-31
5-37

495 55
550 50

20
20

475 9 495
525 11 545

480
480

60
60

25
25

475
525

495
545

16
20

5-42
5-48

600 50
630 45

20
20

610 12 630
655 14 675

550
605

55
55

25
25

610 11 630
655 12 675

20
25

5-42
5-48

550 50
585 45

20
20

560 11 580
595 13 615

550
550

55
50

25
25

560 11 580
595 12 615

20
20

5-55

675 45

20

700 15 720

650

50

25

700 14 720

25

5-55

650 65

25

640 10 660

600

50

25

640 13 660

25

5-27
5-31

495 45
520 40

16
16

485 11 505
520 13 540

440
500

55
50

20
20

485 9 505
520 11 540

16
20

5-27
5-31

450 45
480 40

16
16

445 10 465
475 12 495

5-37
5-42

560 40
600 60

16
20

575 14 595
610 10 630

540
585

45
45

20
20

575 13 595
610 14 630

20
20

5-37
5-42

520 40
540 60

16
20

525 13 545
560 9 580

495
520

45
65

20
25

525 12 545
560 9 580

20
20

5-48
5-55

660 55
700 50

20
20

655 12 675
700 14 720

650
660

65
60

25
25

655 11 675
700 12 720

25
25

5-48
5-55

605 55
650 50

20
20

595 11 615
640 13 660

585
600

65
60

25
25

595 10 615
640 11 660

20
25

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

440
450

55
45

20
20

445 9 465
475 11 495

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

9
9

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

225 45

10

150

170

150

50

12

150

170

5-4

200 50

10

140

160

150

50

12

140

160

5-4

200 40

10

150

170

160

40

12

150

170

5-4

200 40

10

140

160

160

40

12

140

160

5-7
5-12

225 45
350 70

12
16

200
270

5
5

220
290

180
250

60
50

16
16

200
270

4
6

220
290

8
10

5-7
5-12

250 50
325 65

12
16

190
250

5
5

210
270

195
225

65
45

16
16

190
250

4
6

210
270

8
10

5-7

240 40

12

200

220

200

50

16

200

220

5-7

240 40

12

190

210

220

55

16

190

210

5-19
5-22

385 55
400 50

16
16

340
370

7
8

360
390

320
385

40
55

16
20

340
370

9
8

360
390

12
16

5-19
5-22

385 55
350 50

16
16

320
345

7
7

340
365

320
330

40
55

16
20

320
345

9
7

340
365

12
12

5-12
5-19

330 55
360 45

16
16

270
340

6
8

290
360

280
350

40
50

16
20

270
340

8
8

290
360

10
12

5-12
5-19

330 55
360 45

16
16

250
320

6
8

270
340

240
300

40
50

16
20

250
320

7
7

270
340

10
12

5-27
5-31

405 45
440 40

16
16

410 9 430
440 11 460

400
405

50
45

20
20

410 9 430
440 10 460

16
16

5-27
5-31

405 45
400 40

16
16

385 9 405
410 10 430

385
405

55
45

20
20

385 8 405
410 10 430

16
16

5-22
5-27

400 40
420 60

16
20

370 10 390
410 7 430

360
405

45
45

20
20

370 9 390
410 10 430

16
16

5-22
5-27

360 40
400 40

16
16

345 9 365
385 10 405

315
360

45
45

20
20

345
385

8
9

365
405

12
16

5-31

450 50

20

440

460

420

60

25

440

460

16

5-31

450 50

20

410

430

420

60

25

410

430

16

5-37
5-42

480 40
540 60

16
20

485 12 505
520 9 540

450
520

45
65

20
25

485 11 505
520 9 540

16
20

5-37
5-42

440 40
480 60

16
20

455 11 475
485 8 505

450
455

45
65

20
25

455 11 475
485 8 505

16
16

5-37
5-42

500 50
500 50

20
20

485 10 505
520 10 540

480
495

60
55

25
25

485 9 505
520 10 540

16
20

5-37
5-42

450 50
500 50

20
20

455 9 475
485 10 505

420
440

60
55

25
25

455
485

8
9

475
505

16
16

5-48
5-55

550 55
600 50

20
20

555 10 575
595 12 615

520
540

65
60

25
25

555 9 575
595 10 615

20
20

5-48
5-55

550 55
550 50

20
20

520 10 540
555 11 575

520
540

65
60

25
25

520 9 540
555 10 575

20
20

5-48
5-55

540 45
630 70

20
25

555 12 575
595 9 615

500
550

50
50

25
25

555 11 575
595 12 615

20
20

5-48
5-55

540 45
540 45

20
20

520 12 540
555 12 575

495
500

55
50

25
25

520 10 540
555 11 575

20
20

S G

R

T

Unit

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

S G

R

T

Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

S

G

R

T

Unit

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

5-4

Unit

R

T

Unit

S

G

T
8

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

T

220 55

10

135

155

165

55

12

135

155

5-4

180 45

135

155

150

50

10

135

155

5-7
5-12

250 50
350 70

12
16

180
235

5
5

200
255

195
250

65
50

16
16

180
235

4
6

200
255

8
8

5-7
5-12

220 55
240 40

12
12

170
225

4
6

190
245

160
250

40
50

12
16

170
225

5
6

190
245

8
8

5-4
5-7

180 45
225 45

10
12

135
180

4
5

155
200

135
165

45
50

12
16

135
180

4
4

155
200

8
8

5-4
5-7

220 55
225 45

10
12

135
170

4
5

155
190

160
165

40
55

10
16

135
170

5
4

155
190

8
8

5-12

275 55

16

235

255

240

40

16

235

255

5-12

300 60

16

225

245

240

40

16

225

245

5-19
5-22

330 55
350 50

16
16

300
325

6
7

320
345

280
300

40
60

16
20

300
325

8
6

320
345

10
12

5-19
5-22

330 55
330 55

16
16

285
310

6
6

305
330

280
280

40
40

16
16

285
310

8
8

305
330

10
12

5-19
5-22

315 45
360 40

16
16

300
325

7
9

320
345

300
300

50
50

20
20

300
325

7
7

320
345

10
12

5-19
5-22

315 45
360 45

16
16

285
310

7
8

305
330

275
300

55
50

20
20

285
310

6
7

305
330

10
12

5-27
5-31

400 50
400 40

16
16

365 8 385
390 10 410

330
360

55
45

20
20

365
390

7
9

385
410

12
16

5-27
5-31

350 50
400 40

16
16

345 7 365
370 10 390

330
360

55
45

20
20

345
370

7
9

365
390

12
16

5-27
5-31

360 40
440 55

16
20

365
390

9
8

385
410

360
360

45
60

20
25

365
390

9
7

385
410

12
16

5-27
5-31

360 40
385 55

16
20

345
370

9
7

365
390

315
360

45
60

20
25

345
370

8
7

365
390

12
16

5-37
5-42

440 40
440 40

16
16

430 11 450
460 11 480

405
450

45
45

20
20

430 10 450
460 11 480

16
16

5-37
5-42

400 40
440 40

16
16

405 10 425
435 11 455

405
405

45
45

20
20

405 10 425
435 10 455

16
16

5-37
5-42

440 55
450 50

20
20

430
460

8
9

450
480

420
440

60
55

25
25

430
460

8
9

450
480

16
16

5-37
5-42

440 55
450 50

20
20

405
435

8
9

425
455

420
420

60
60

25
25

405
405

8
8

425
425

16
16

5-48
5-55

480 60
550 55

20
20

490 8 510
525 10 545

455
480

65
60

25
25

490
525

16
20

5-48
5-55

480 40
495 55

16
20

465 12 485
500 9 520

450
455

45
65

20
25

465 11 485
500 8 520

16
20

5-48

500 50

20

490 10 510

495

55

25

490 10 510

20

5-48

500 50

20

465 10 485

440

55

25

435

455

16

5-55

540 45

20

525 12 545

500

50

25

525 11 545

20

5-55

495 45

20

500 11 520

495

55

25

500 10 520

20

8
9

510
545

S

G

R

T

Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

5-4

Unit

Notes

Notes

All dimension in [mm]

All dimension in [mm]

S

G

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 100mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 186kN

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 100mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 186kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL



J[\]
Page T 39 
 






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Page T 40

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ANCHORAGE TYPE GC

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$ B
<;G7''
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Grout Connection
Duct Coupler
Bellmouth Shaped Exit (Concrete)

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU

FRYHU

Anchor Head

Duct (HDPE)
3

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Internal Trumpet

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

External Trumpet and Duct (Cast In)


CONCRETE 25/30 MPA

Protection Cap

Strands

CONCRETE 28/35 MPA


B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

Bearing Plate (Casting)

Unit

Wedges

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

Unit
6-3

6-3

225 45

10

185

205

180

45

12

185

205

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

R

220 55

10

180

200

200

50

12

180

200

6-4
6-7

275 55
320 40

12
12

215
285

5
8

235
305

200
300

40
50

12
16

215
285

6
7

235
305

6-4
6-7

275 55
280 40

12
12

200
265

5
7

220
285

210
250

70
50

16
16

200
265

4
6

220
285

6-12

385 55

16

380

400

360

60

20

380

400

6-12

400 50

16

350

370

330

55

20

350

370

6-15
6-19

440 40
480 40

16
16

425 11 445
480 12 500

405
450

45
45

20
20

425
480

10 445
11 500

6-15
6-19

400 40
440 40

16
16

395 10 415
445 11 465

360
420

45
70

20
25

395
445

9
7

415
465

6-22

540 60

20

520

540

520

65

25

520

540

6-22

495 55

20

480

500

480

60

25

480

500

6-27
6-31

550 50
600 50

20
20

575 11 595
620 12 640

550
605

55
55

25
25

575
620

11 595
12 640

6-27
6-31

540 45
550 50

20
20

530 12 550
575 11 595

500
550

50
55

25
25

530
575

11 550
11 595

6-37
6-43

630 45
720 60

20
25

675 14 695
730 12 750

650
700

50
70

25
32

675
730

14 695
11 750

6-37
6-43

630 45
660 60

20
25

625 14 645
675 11 695

640
630

80
70

32
32

625
675

9 645
10 695

&

([WHUQDOWUXPSHWDQGGXFW
ZLWKEHOOPRXWKVKDSHGH[LW

CONCRETE 32/40 MPA

CONCRETE 36/45 MPA

$
'

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

225 45

180

200

180

45

10

180

200

6-3

260 65

180

200

180

45

180

200

275 55
280 40

12
12

185
250

5
7

205
270

195
275

65
55

16
16

185
250

4
6

205
270

6-4
6-7

200 40
270 45

10
12

180
235

5
6

200
255

200
220

40
55

12
16

180
235

6
5

200
255

6-12
6-15

350 50
400 40

16
16

325 7 345
370 10 390

330
390

55
65

20
25

325
370

7
7

345
390

6-12
6-15

350 50
360 40

16
16

310
350

7
9

330
370

330
325

55
65

20
25

310
350

7
6

330
370

6-19

420 60

20

415

435

390

65

25

415

435

6-19

400 40

16

395 10 415

390

65

25

395

415

6-22
6-27

495 55
495 45

20
20

450 9 470
495 11 515

420
450

60
50

25
25

450
495

8 470
10 515

6-22
6-27

440 55
495 45

20
20

425 8 445
470 11 490

420
450

60
50

25
25

425
470

8 445
10 490

6-31
6-37

540 45
630 70

20
25

535 12 555
585 9 605

500
600

50
75

25
32

535
585

11 555
9 605

6-31
6-37

495 45
585 65

20
25

505 11 525
550 9 570

500
525

50
75

25
32

505
550

11 525
8 570

6-43

660 55

25

635 12 655

585

65

32

635

10 655

6-43

605 55

25

600 11 620

585

65

32

600

10 620

135

76

116

55

500

J (1)
210

180

H(2)
64

6-3

M12

120

6-4

180

135

76

116

55

500

64

210

M12

120

6-7

230

220

92

148

62

500

79

264

M16

135

Unit

6-12

260

240

113

186

68

445

97

316

M16

145

6-3
6-4

6-15

290

150

131

196

73

600

113

354

M16

155

6-19

320

150

153

218

78

600

113

400

M16

160

6-22

350

170

164

236

85

600

129

430

M16

170

6-27

375

170

173

248

90

750

129

470

M16

180

6-31

410

170

196

276

98

750

150

524

M16

200

6-37

470

180

230

316

105

935

150

420

M20

215

6-43

520

180

240

326

118

1035

170

452

M20

230

Notes

(1) J-spacing of bolts for fixation to formwork


(2) H-Inner diameter of external duct.


Joo]
Page T 41 
 




R

Unit

CONCRETE 40/50 MPA

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

6-4
6-7

Unit

All dimensions in [mm]


System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2

A Spiral Reinforcement

6-3

Unit

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

Unit

280 70
250 50

8
10

180
180

4
5

200
200

210
200

70
50

8
12

180
180

4
5

200
200

6-3
6-4

280 70
240 60

8
8

6-7
6-12

250 50
350 50

12
16

230
295

5
7

250
315

240
275

60
55

16
20

230
295

5
6

250
315

6-7
6-12

250 50
315 45

6-15

360 40

16

330

350

325

65

25

330

350

6-15

330 55

6-19
6-22

400 40
440 55

16
20

375 10 395
405 8 425

390
420

65
60

25
25

375
405

7
8

395
425

6-19
6-22

6-27

450 45

20

445 10 465

480

80

32

445

465

6-31
6-37

495 45
560 70

20
25

480 11 500
525 8 545

450
525

50
75

25
32

480
525

10 500
8 545

6-43

605 55

25

570 11 590

540

60

32

570

10 590

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPA


B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement
I

Notes
All dimension in [mm]

R

180
180

4
4

200
200

210
200

70
40

8
8

180
180

4
6

200
200

10
16

230
260

5
7

250
280

250
250

50
50

12
20

230
260

6
6

250
280

20

300

320

275

55

25

300

320

385 55
400 50

20
20

335
360

7
8

355
380

330
350

55
50

25
25

335
360

7
8

355
380

6-27

455 65

25

400

420

420

70

32

400

420

6-31
6-37

455 65
520 60

25
25

430
470

7
8

450
490

450
455

75
65

32
32

430
470

7
8

450
490

6-43

500 50

25

510 10 530

480

60

32

525

545

S G

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder /fc, cube in MPa at stressing

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 150mm , fpk = 1860N/mm (GUTS), Fpk = 279kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.



J[[]

 


Page T 42

c

 W
!"    


 ^
 W
!"   

c

 W
!"    


 ^
 W
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 *{\bod\bm*J`

%J)<,%^">W^)_
 *{\bod\bm*J`

 B ^

$ B
( {lboJd2

 B ^

$ B
( {]}oJd2

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU

FRYHU

FRYHU

Q[

*
3

U[

3
; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

Q[

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

6
; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

Q[
,

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa


CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

FRYHU

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

250 50

10

180

200

200

50

12

180

200

6-3

225 45

180

200

180

45

10

180

200

6-3
6-4

225 45
225 45

10
12

180
200

5
5

200
220

200
220

40
55

12
16

180
200

6
5

200
220

8
8

6-3
6-4

220 55
225 45

10
12

180
185

4
5

200
205

200
220

40
55

10
16

180
185

6
5

200
205

8
8

6-4
6-7

275 55
280 40

12
12

200
265

5
7

220
285

210
250

70
50

16
16

200
265

4
6

220
285

8
10

6-4
6-7

275 55
280 40

12
12

185
245

5
7

205
265

195
250

65
50

16
16

185
245

4
6

205
265

8
10

6-7

300 60

16

265

285

270

45

16

265

285

10

6-7

300 60

16

245

265

240

40

16

245

265

10

6-12

400 50

16

350

370

360

60

20

350

370

12

6-12

350 50

16

325

345

330

55

20

325

345

12

6-12
6-15

360 45
440 55

16
20

350
395

8
8

370
415

350
360

50
60

20
25

350
395

8
7

370
415

12
16

6-12
6-15

360 40
385 55

16
20

325
370

9
7

345
390

315
385

45
55

20
25

325
370

8
8

345
390

12
16

6-15
6-19

400 40
440 40

16
16

395 10 415
445 11 465

360
405

45
45

20
20

395 9 415
445 10 465

16
16

6-15
6-19

400 40
400 40

16
16

370 10 390
415 10 435

360
390

45
65

20
25

370
415

9
7

390
435

16
16

6-19

450 50

20

445

465

440

55

25

445

465

16

6-19

450 50

20

415

435

385

55

25

415

435

16

6-22

495 55

20

480

500

480

60

25

480

500

16

6-22

440 55

20

445

465

420

60

25

445

465

16

6-22
6-27

495 45
585 65

20
25

480 11 500
535 9 555

450
525

50
75

25
32

480 10 500
535 8 555

16
20

6-22
6-27

450 45
540 60

20
25

445 10 465
495 9 515

450
490

50
70

25
32

445 10 465
495 8 515

16
16

6-27
6-31

550 50
550 50

20
20

535 11 555
575 11 595

495
550

55
55

25
25

535 10 555
575 11 595

20
20

6-27
6-31

495 45
550 50

20
20

495 11 515
535 11 555

450
500

50
50

25
25

495
535

10
11

515
555

16
20

6-31

585 65

25

575

595

525

75

32

575

595

20

6-31

585 65

25

535

555

525

75

32

535

555

20

6-37
6-43

630 45
660 60

20
25

630 14 650
680 11 700

600
630

50
70

25
32

630 13 650
680 10 700

25
25

6-37
6-43

585 45
660 60

20
25

580 13 600
630 11 650

525
585

75
65

32
32

580
630

8
10

600
650

20
25

6-37
6-43

660 60
650 50

25
25

630 11 650
680 13 700

630
660

70
60

32
32

630 10 650
680 12 700

25
25

6-37
6-43

605 55
600 50

25
25

580 11 600
630 12 650

585
600

65
60

32
32

580 10 600
645 11 665

20
25

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

Unit

R

T

S G

R

T

Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

6-3

Unit

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa


CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

Unit

S G

S G

T

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

S G

R

T

Unit

S G

R

T

6-3

220 55

180

200

180

60

10

180

200

6-3

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

6-3
6-4

260 65
200 40

8
10

180
180

4
5

200
200

180
200

45
40

8
12

180
180

5
6

200
200

8
8

6-3
6-4

280 70
220 55

8
10

180
180

4
4

200
200

210
165

70
55

8
12

180
180

4
4

200
200

8
8

6-4
6-7

250 50
325 65

12
16

180
230

5
5

200
250

195
225

65
45

16
16

180
230

4
6

200
250

8
8

6-4
6-7

225 45
270 45

10
12

180
230

5
6

200
250

180
220

45
55

12
16

180
230

5
5

200
250

8
8

Unit

6-7

280 40

12

230

250

250

50

16

230

250

6-7

250 50

12

230

250

260

65

16

230

250

6-12

320 40

16

305

325

315

45

20

305

325

12

6-12

320 40

16

285

305

270

45

20

285

305

10

6-12
6-15

350 50
360 40

16
16

305
345

7
9

325
365

275
325

55
65

20
25

305
345

6
6

325
365

12
12

6-12
6-15

350 50
360 40

16
16

285
325

7
9

305
345

275
325

55
65

20
25

285
325

6
6

305
345

10
12

6-15
6-19

400 50
400 50

20
20

345
390

8
8

365
410

330
385

55
55

25
25

345
390

7
8

365
410

12
16

6-15
6-19

350 50
400 50

20
20

325
365

7
8

345
385

300
350

50
50

25
25

325
365

7
8

345
385

12
12

6-19
6-22

400 40
440 55

16
20

390 10 410
420 8 440

390
420

65
60

25
25

390
420

7
8

410
440

16
16

6-19
6-22

420 60
440 55

20
20

365
395

7
8

385
415

390
385

65
55

25
25

365
395

7
8

385
415

12
16

6-22

450 45

20

420 10 440

400

50

25

420

440

16

6-22

405 45

20

395

415

400

80

32

395

415

16

6-27

450 45

20

465 10 485

450

50

25

465 10 485

16

6-27

450 45

20

435 10 455

400

80

32

435

455

16

6-27
6-31

480 60
540 60

25
25

465
500

485
520

420
490

70
70

32
32

465
500

7
8

485
520

16
20

6-27
6-31

480 60
480 60

25
25

435
470

8
8

455
490

455
490

65
70

32
32

435
470

8
8

455
490

16
16

6-31
6-37

495 45
585 65

20
25

500 11 520
545 9 565

450
525

50
75

25
32

500 10 520
545 8 565

20
20

6-31
6-37

495 45
520 65

20
25

470 11 490
515 8 535

450
525

50
75

25
32

470
515

10
8

490
535

16
20

6-37

550 55

25

545 10 565

540

60

32

545 10 565

20

6-37

550 55

25

515 10 535

480

60

32

515

535

20

6-43

600 50

25

600 12 620

600

60

32

615 11 635

20

6-43

550 50

25

570 11 590

540

60

32

585 10 605

20

6-43

605 55

25

590 11 610

585

65

32

590 10 610

20

6-43

550 55

25

560 10 580

540

60

32

560

10

580

20

8
9

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa


CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

R

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S G

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

R

Unit

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

A Spiral Reinforcement
T

Unit

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement
I

R

T

T

6-3

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

6-3

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

200 40

180

200

200

40

10

180

200

6-4

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

6-3

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

6-3

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

6-4

6-4
6-7

200 50
270 45

8
10

180
230

4
6

200
250

200
225

50
45

10
12

180
230

5
6

200
250

8
8

6-4
6-7

280 70
260 65

8
8

180
230

4
4

200
250

210
225

70
45

8
8

180
230

4
6

200
250

8
8

6-7
6-12

240 40
315 45

10
16

230
275

6
7

250
295

240
250

40
50

12
20

230
275

7
6

250
295

8
10

6-7
6-12

250 50
300 50

8
16

230
260

5
6

250
280

220
275

55
55

10
20

230
260

5
6

250
280

8
10

6-12

330 55

16

275

295

300

60

20

275

295

10

6-12

300 60

16

260

280

240

40

16

260

280

10

6-15

350 50

20

310

330

300

50

25

310

330

12

6-15

350 50

20

290

310

300

50

25

290

310

10

6-15
6-19

320 40
360 40

16
16

310
350

8
9

330
370

300
325

60
65

25
25

310
350

6
6

330
370

12
12

6-15
6-19

320 40
360 60

16
20

290
320

8
6

310
340

300
300

60
60

25
25

290
320

6
6

310
340

10
12

6-19
6-22

400 50
405 45

20
20

350
375

8
9

370
395

330
400

55
80

25
32

350
375

7
6

370
395

12
16

6-19
6-22

350 50
360 45

20
20

320
350

7
8

340
370

300
320

50
80

25
32

320
350

7
5

340
370

12
12

6-22
6-27

385 55
450 45

20
20

375 7 395
415 10 435

385
375

55
75

25
32

375
415

8
6

395
435

16
16

6-22
6-27

385 55
455 65

20
25

350
375

7
7

370
395

330
390

55
65

25
32

350
375

7
7

370
395

12
16

6-27

480 60

25

415

435

390

65

32

415

435

16

6-27

440 55

25

375

395

360

60

32

380

400

16

6-31

450 50

20

450

470

450

50

25

450 10 470

16

6-31

405 45

20

410

430

400

80

32

410

430

16

6-31
6-37

520 65
495 55

25
25

450
490

8
9

470
510

420
480

70
60

32
32

450
490

7
9

470
510

16
16

6-31
6-37

480 60
495 45

25
20

410 8 430
485 11 505

390
480

65
80

32
32

405
485

7
7

425
505

16
16

6-37
6-43

495 45
550 55

20
25

490 11 510
530 10 550

450
480

75
60

32
32

490
530

16
20

6-37
6-43

495 55
540 55

20
25

485
495

9
9

505
515

440
480

55
60

25
32

485
495

9
9

505
515

16
16

6-43

550 50

25

540 11 560

540

60

32

560 10 580

20

6-43

500 50

25

510 10 530

480

60

32

525

545

20

7
9

510
550

Notes
Notes

All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. required concrete strength fc, cylinder / fc, cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder / fc,cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 150mm , fpk = 1770N/mm (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL



J[o}
Page T 43 
 






J[om

 


Page T 44

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ANCHORAGE TYPE GC

%J)<,%^">W^)_
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 B ^

$ B
<;G7''
:55,
Grout Connection

Isolation Plate

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

Anchor Head

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU

FRYHU

PT-PlusDuct
3

Q[

U[

3
; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

Coupler

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

Trumpet

CONCRETE 25/30 MPA

CONCRETE 28/35 MPA

A Spiral Reinforcement

Strands

Wedges

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

Unit

S G

R

225 45

10

185

205

180

45

12

185

205

6-3

220 55

10

180

200

200

50

12

180

200

6-4
6-7
6-12

275 55
320 40
385 55

12
12
16

215
285
380

5
8
7

235
305
400

200
300
360

40
50
60

12
16
20

215
285
380

6
7
7

235
305
400

6-4
6-7
6-12

275 55
280 40
400 50

12
12
16

200
265
350

5
7
8

220
285
370

210
250
330

70
50
55

16
16
20

200
265
350

4
6
7

220
285
370

6-15
6-19
6-22

440 40
480 40
540 60

16
16
20

425 11 445
480 12 500
520 9 540

405
450
520

45
45
65

20
20
25

425
480
520

10 445
11 500
9 540

6-15
6-19
6-22

400 40
440 40
495 55

16
16
20

395 10 415
445 11 465
480 9 500

360
420
480

45
70
60

20
25
25

395
445
480

9
7
9

415
465
500

6-27
6-31

550 50
600 50

20
20

575 11 595
620 12 640

550
605

55
55

25
25

575
620

11 595
12 640

6-27
6-31

540 45
550 50

20
20

530 12 550
575 11 595

500
550

50
55

25
25

530
575

11 550
11 595

6-37
6-43

630 45
720 60

20
25

675 14 695
730 12 750

650
700

50
70

25
32

675
730

14 695
11 750

6-37
6-43

630 45
660 60

20
25

625 14 645
675 11 695

640
630

80
70

32
32

625
675

9 645
10 695

Protection Cap

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

6-3

Unit

Bearing Plate (Casting)

B Stirrup Reinforcement

CONCRETE 32/40 MPA

CONCRETE 36/45 MPA

A Spiral Reinforcement

&

'

Unit

135

76

116

55

450

J (1)
210

180

H(2)
58

6-3

M12

120

6-4

180

135

76

116

55

450

58

210

M12

120

6-7

230

220

92

156

62

450

65

264

M16

135

6-12

260

240

113

186

68

450

76

316

M16

145

6-15

290

150

131

198

73

640

85

354

M16

155

6-19

320

150

153

226

78

640

100

400

M16

160

6-22

350

170

164

246

85

580

100

430

M16

170

6-27

375

170

173

258

90

770

115

470

M16

180

6-31

410

170

196

286

98

770

130

524

M16

200

6-37

470

180

230

326

105

935

166

420

M20

215

6-43

520

180

240

336

118

1035

160

452

M20

230

Notes
All dimensions in [mm]
System applicable to strands with Ap = 140 mm2 or Ap = 150 mm2
(1) J- spacing of bolts for fixation to formwork
(2) H-Inner dia of the trumpet

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

225 45
275 55

8
12

180
185

200
205

180
195

45
65

10
16

180
185

5
4

200
205

6-3
6-4

260 65
200 40

8
10

180
180

4
5

200
200

180
200

45
40

8
12

180
180

5
6

200
200

6-7
6-12
6-15

280 40
350 50
400 40

12
16
16

250 7 270
325 7 345
370 10 390

275
330
390

55
55
65

16
20
25

250
325
370

6
7
7

270
345
390

6-7
6-12
6-15

270 45
350 50
360 40

12
16
16

235
310
350

6
7
9

255
330
370

220
330
325

55
55
65

16
20
25

235
310
350

5
7
6

255
330
370

6-19
6-22
6-27

420 60
495 55
495 45

20
20
20

415 7 435
450 9 470
495 11 515

390
420
450

65
60
50

25
25
25

415
450
495

7 435
8 470
10 515

6-19
6-22
6-27

400 40
440 55
495 45

16
20
20

395 10 415
425 8 445
470 11 490

390
420
450

65
60
50

25
25
25

395
425
470

7 415
8 445
10 490

6-31
6-37

540 45
630 70

20
25

535 12 555
585 9 605

500
600

50
75

25
32

535
585

11 555
9 605

6-31
6-37

495 45
585 65

20
25

505 11 525
550 9 570

500
525

50
75

25
32

505
550

11 525
8 570

6-43

660 55

25

635 12 655

585

65

32

635

10 655

6-43

605 55

25

600 11 620

585

65

32

600

10 620

S G

R

Unit

5
5

B Stirrup Reinforcement

6-3
6-4

Unit

CONCRETE 40/50 MPA


I

S G

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPA

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

Unit

210
200
240

70
50
60

8
12
16

180
180
230

4
5
5

200
200
250

6-3
6-4
6-7

R

8
8
10

4
4
5

200
200
250

210
200
250

70
40
50

8
8
12

180
180
230

4
6
6

200
200
250

6-3
6-4
6-7

280 70
250 50
250 50

8
10
12

180
180
230

4
5
5

200
200
250

6-12
6-15

350 50
360 40

16
16

295
330

7
9

315
350

275
325

55
65

20
25

295
330

6
6

315
350

6-12
6-15

315 45
330 55

16
20

260
300

7
6

280
320

250
275

50
55

20
25

260
300

6
6

280
320

6-19
6-22
6-27

400 40
440 55
450 45

16
20
20

375 10 395
405 8 425
445 10 465

390
420
480

65
60
80

25
25
32

375
405
445

7
8
7

395
425
465

6-19
6-22
6-27

385 55
400 50
455 65

20
20
25

335
360
400

7
8
7

355
380
420

330
350
420

55
50
70

25
25
32

335
360
400

7
8
7

355
380
420

6-31
6-37
6-43

495 45
560 70
605 55

20
25
25

480 11 500
525 8 545
570 11 590

450
525
540

50
75
60

25
32
32

480
525
570

10 500
8 545
10 590

6-31
6-37
6-43

455 65
520 60
500 50

25
25
25

430 7 450
470 8 490
510 10 530

450
455
480

75
65
60

32
32
32

430
470
525

7
8
9

450
490
545

Notes
All dimension in [mm]
Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 500N/mm2

280 70
240 60
250 50

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G
180
180
230

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.
X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder /fc,cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 279kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length
Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Electrical connections for monitoring not shown



Jool
Page T 45
 






J[[l

 


Page T 46

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%J)<,%^">W^)_
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 B ^

$ B
( {lboJd2

 B ^

$ B
( {]}oJd2

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION A - SPIRAL REINFORCEMENT

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU

OPTION B - STIRRUP REINFORCEMENT


FRYHU
7

FRYHU

Q[

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

6-3

225 45

S G

R

T

Unit

180

200

180

45

10

180

200

6-3
6-4
6-7

B Stirrup Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

225 45
225 45
300 60

10
12
16

180
200
265

5
5
5

200
220
285

200
220
270

40
55
45

12
16
16

180
200
265

6
5
7

200
220
285

8
8
10

6-3
6-4
6-7

360
440
450
495

45
55
50
45

16
20
20
20

350 8
395 8
445 9
480 11

370
415
465
500

350
360
440
450

50
60
55
50

20
25
25
25

350 8
395 7
445 9
480 10

370
415
465
500

12
16
16
16

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

U[

3
; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

Q[
,

; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

S G

*
3

CONCRETE 28/35 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
I

U[

3
; FHQWHUVSDFLQJ

CONCRETE 24/30 MPa


Unit

FRYHU

B Stirrup Reinforcement

S G

R

T

220 55
225 45
300 60

10
12
16

180
185
245

4
5
5

200
205
265

200
220
240

40
55
40

10
16
16

180
185
245

6
5
7

200
205
265

8
8
10

6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22

360
385
450
450

40
55
50
45

16
20
20
20

325 9
370 7
415 9
445 10

345
390
435
465

315
385
385
450

45
55
55
50

20
25
25
25

325 8
370 8
415 8
445 10

345
390
435
465

12
16
16
16

6-3

250 50

10

180

200

200

50

12

180

200

6-4

275 55

12

200

220

210

70

16

200

220

6-4

275 55

12

185

205

195

65

16

185

205

6-7
6-12

280 40
400 50

12
16

265
350

7
8

285
370

250
360

50
60

16
20

265
350

6
7

285
370

10
12

6-7
6-12

280 40
350 50

12
16

245
325

7
7

265
345

250
330

50
55

16
20

245
325

6
7

265
345

10
12

6-15

400 40

16

395 10 415

360

45

20

395

415

16

6-15

400 40

16

370 10 390

360

45

20

370

390

16

6-19
6-22

440 40
495 55

16
20

445 11 465
480 9 500

405
480

45
60

20
25

445 10 465
480 9 500

16
16

6-19
6-22

400 40
440 55

16
20

415 10 435
445 8 465

390
420

65
60

25
25

415
445

7
8

435
465

16
16

6-12
6-15
6-19
6-22

6-27
6-31
6-37

550 50
550 50
630 45

20
20
20

535 11 555
575 11 595
630 14 650

495
550
600

55
55
50

25
25
25

535 10 555
575 11 595
630 13 650

20
20
25

6-27
6-31
6-37

495 45
550 50
585 45

20
20
20

495 11 515
535 11 555
580 13 600

450
500
525

50
50
75

25
25
32

495
535
580

10
11
8

515
555
600

16
20
20

6-27
6-31
6-37

585 65
585 65
660 60

25
25
25

535 9 555
575 9 595
630 11 650

525
525
630

75
75
70

32
32
32

535 8 555
575 8 595
630 10 650

20
20
25

6-27
6-31
6-37

540 60
585 65
605 55

25
25
25

495 9 515
535 9 555
580 11 600

490
525
585

70
75
65

32
32
32

495 8 515
535 8 555
580 10 600

16
20
20

6-43

660 60

25

680 11 700

630

70

32

680 10 700

25

6-43

660 60

25

630 11 650

585

65

32

630

10

650

25

6-43

650 50

25

680 13 700

660

60

32

680 12 700

25

6-43

600 50

25

630 12 650

600

60

32

645 11 665

25

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement

CONCRETE 32/40 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

R

T

Unit

B Stirrup Reinforcement
P

R

T

Unit

R

T

Unit

6-3

220 55

180

200

180

60

10

180

200

6-3

280 70

180

200

210

70

180

200

6-4
6-7
6-12

250 50
325 65
320 40

12
16
16

180
230
305

5
5
8

200
250
325

195
225
315

65
45
45

16
16
20

180
230
305

4
6
8

200
250
325

8
8
12

6-4
6-7
6-12

225 45
270 45
320 40

10
12
16

180
230
285

5
6
8

200
250
305

180
220
270

45
55
45

12
16
20

180
230
285

5
5
7

200
250
305

8
8
10

6-15

400 50

20

345

365

330

55

25

345

365

12

6-15

350 50

20

325

345

300

50

25

325

345

12

6-19
6-22
6-27

400 50
450 45
480 60

20
20
25

390 8 410
420 10 440
465 8 485

385
400
420

55
50
70

25
25
32

390
420
465

8
9
7

410
440
485

16
16
16

6-19
6-22
6-27

400 50
405 45
480 60

20
20
25

365
395
435

8
9
8

385
415
455

350
400
455

50
80
65

25
32
32

365
395
435

8
6
8

385
415
455

12
16
16

6-31
6-37
6-43

540 60
550 55
600 50

25
25
25

500 9 520
545 10 565
600 12 620

490
540
600

70
60
60

32
32
32

500 8 520
545 10 565
615 11 635

20
20
20

6-31
6-37
6-43

480 60
550 55
550 50

25
25
25

470 8 490
515 10 535
570 11 590

490
480
540

70
60
60

32
32
32

470 8 490
515 9 535
585 10 605

16
20
20

180
180

4
5

200
200

180
200

45
40

8
12

180
180

5
6

200
200

8
8

6-3
6-4

280 70
220 55

8
10

180
180

4
4

200
200

210
165

70
55

8
12

180
180

4
4

200
200

8
8

6-7

280 40

12

230

250

250

50

16

230

250

6-7

250 50

12

230

250

260

65

16

230

250

6-12
6-15

350 50
360 40

16
16

305
345

7
9

325
365

275
325

55
65

20
25

305
345

6
6

325
365

12
12

6-12
6-15

350 50
360 40

16
16

285
325

7
9

305
345

275
325

55
65

20
25

285
325

6
6

305
345

10
12

6-19
6-22

400 40
440 55

16
20

390 10 410
420 8 440

390
420

65
60

25
25

390
420

7
8

410
440

16
16

6-19
6-22

420 60
440 55

20
20

365
395

7
8

385
415

390
385

65
55

25
25

365
395

7
8

385
415

12
16

6-27

450 45

20

465 10 485

450

50

25

465 10 485

16

6-27

450 45

20

435 10 455

400

80

32

435

455

16

6-31
6-37

495 45
585 65

20
25

500 11 520
545 9 565

450
525

50
75

25
32

500 10 520
545 8 565

20
20

6-31
6-37

495 45
520 65

20
25

470 11 490
515 8 535

450
525

50
75

25
32

470
515

10
8

490
535

16
20

6-43

605 55

25

590 11 610

585

65

32

590 10 610

20

6-43

550 55

25

560 10 580

540

60

32

560

10

580

20

Unit

S G

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPa


A Spiral Reinforcement

R

T

Unit

8
8

6-3
6-4

280 70
280 70

6-3
6-4

280 70
200 50

8
8

180
180

4
4

200
200

210
200

70
50

8
10

180
180

4
5

200
200

B Stirrup Reinforcement

8
10

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

260 65
200 40

A Spiral Reinforcement

B Stirrup Reinforcement

6-3
6-4

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

CONCRETE 36/45 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement

S G

S G

R

T

8
8

180
180

4
4

200
200

8
8

180
180

4
4

200
200

210
210

70
70

6-7

270 45

10

230

250

225

45

12

230

250

6-7

260 65

230

250

225

45

230

250

6-12
6-15

330 55
320 40

16
16

275
310

6
8

295
330

300
300

60
60

20
25

275
310

6
6

295
330

10
12

6-12
6-15

300 60
320 40

16
16

260
290

5
8

280
310

240
300

40
60

16
25

260
290

7
6

280
310

10
10

6-19

360 40

16

350

370

325

65

25

350

370

12

6-19

360 60

20

320

340

300

60

25

320

340

12

6-22
6-27

385 55
450 45

20
20

375 7 395
415 10 435

385
375

55
75

25
32

375
415

8
6

395
435

16
16

6-22
6-27

385 55
455 65

20
25

350
375

7
7

370
395

330
390

55
65

25
32

350
375

7
7

370
395

12
16

6-31
6-37
6-43

450 50
495 45
550 55

20
20
25

450 9 470
490 11 510
530 10 550

450
450
480

50
75
60

25
32
32

450 10 470
490 7 510
530 9 550

16
16
20

6-31
6-37
6-43

405 45
495 55
540 55

20
20
25

410
485
495

9
9
9

430
505
515

400
440
480

80
55
60

32
25
32

410
485
495

6
9
9

430
505
515

16
16
16

Notes

S G

CONCRETE 40/50 MPa

B Stirrup Reinforcement

8
8

S G

R

B Stirrup Reinforcement

A Spiral Reinforcement

R

280 70
200 40

8
8

180
180

4
5

200
200

210
200

70
40

8
10

180
180

4
6

200
200

8
8

6-3
6-4

280 70
280 70

8
8

180
180

4
4

200
200

210
210

70
70

8
8

180
180

4
4

200
200

8
8

6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19

240
315
350
400

40
45
50
50

10
16
20
20

230
275
310
350

6
7
7
8

250
295
330
370

240
250
300
330

40
50
50
55

12
20
25
25

230
275
310
350

7
6
7
7

250
295
330
370

8
10
12
12

6-7
6-12
6-15
6-19

250
300
350
350

50
50
50
50

8
16
20
20

230
260
290
320

5
6
7
7

250
280
310
340

220
275
300
300

55
55
50
50

10
20
25
25

230
260
290
320

5
6
7
7

250
280
310
340

8
10
10
12

6-22
6-27
6-31

405 45
480 60
520 65

20
25
25

375
415
450

9
8
8

395
435
470

400
390
420

80
65
70

32
32
32

375
415
450

6
7
7

395
435
470

16
16
16

6-22
6-27
6-31

360 45
440 55
480 60

20
25
25

350
375
410

8
8
8

370
395
430

320
360
390

80
60
65

32
32
32

350
380
405

5
7
7

370
400
425

12
16
16

6-37

495 55

25

490

510

480

60

32

490

510

16

6-37

495 45

20

485 11 505

480

80

32

485

505

16

6-43

550 50

25

540 11 560

540

60

32

560 10 580

20

6-43

500 50

25

510 10 530

480

60

32

525

545

20

R

T

Unit

S G

B Stirrup Reinforcement

6-3
6-4

Unit

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

All dimension in [mm]

For max. tendon force and temporary over stressing refer to 4.1 and 4.2.8 resp.

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 460N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. yield strength for local zone reinforcement fy = 390 N/mm2

X = minimal center spacing between anchorages

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder / fc,cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

Min. required concrete strength fc,cylinder / fc,cube in MPa at stressing

For calculation of minimum edge distance refer to 4.4.1

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Strand Ap = 150mm2, fpk = 1770N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 265,5kN

n = number of spiral turns including first and last required as anchorage length

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL

Strand Ap = 140mm2, fpk = 1860N/mm2 (GUTS), Fpk = 260,4kN

Reinforcement, edge distance, center spacing may be modified, contact VSL



J[[o

T

Notes

All dimension in [mm]

Page T 47 
 




T

CONCRETE 50/62.5 MPa

A Spiral Reinforcement
S G



J[ob

 


Page T 48

l+@^J),J@%"@,J
l+["@J^,),W,"!"J@,J@J^"J,J
8
 
 

 
  
   
 
 
 
 


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A  4@+/.
 
prestressing force to the concrete

A  F/@9./
 
prestressing force to the concrete

@8FA 0 G*<*

A
6*N)*?)*<7

A
6*?**;**<7

/ G6/M<;;G<<7

A
6*N)*?)*<7

A
6*?**;**<7

*N*pk 6 
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&    
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     N* #+& 6    
  

7
 
    G*P07

k;
fpk : characteristic tensile strength
f*<3     *< 
A     

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6  =G?7
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   !     
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+  
 
 





   
  
  
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strength fcm,0cm,0  
    
 
  
     

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l+\W,"!"J@,J@J^,)@J"J,J#,,"J,J,)
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4  
    
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      %& 
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4
  
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some countries and regulations:

l+\+[ 
(
  

 
       
 
   

 
        0(
formula:

P( x) = Po e( +k x)

    k [m ]

l+\+\ 
 &! (& 
'
   
     
  
 $      ! 
    
  O+ !   
 

 



$ 

    

    F 



 
   
6 !      7
  
 
 

      D
        
    
calculated as follows:

w=

lc Eps Aps
p

where:
 E 
      
  
"    
   
  

/ps
= A     
 

 
MLG]
4
4p =    

G]

'  3

   


ML(

P67 "
 

    
   

 

p =

Po PL
L

Po = Post-tensioning force at the stressing anchorage




  M  
  

(('
 *;
" (
    

#>#6#!###>#"
#>#6#  %;5#>#"
@##6# %6%>#"
#>#6#666;!##
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M 3
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G%      D 

   
    

Page T 49
 




 

  

G'8&.'8,,
9G'8''0'8''*
G'8&''8&7
9G'8''0+'8'&'
G'8&''8&0
,"
9G'
G'8'0'8'/
9G'8''0'8''.
G'8'0'8'/
,"
9G'

G'8&*
0
9G'8''79G-@&' "
G'8&,
0
9G'8''79G.@&' "
G'8&,
,"
9G' 9G'"
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0
9G'8''79G,87@&' "
G'8'.
,"
9G' 9G'"

+          


     
     


  <$*** $         G*P0
   
 
 
 
       

 6

   
  pk, considering
    7

+       


   
  




     

P = 2 p w

c  
  6***O7

_67

P( x ) = Po e m(a + k x )

l+\+] 


  ( 

+ 


  

 


   

 
   
    

 
  
 
 

    
@ 
    $          $   

 




  > ! $  
    
       
    

8     
     
     
      
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performed at the particular temperature whenever the temperature is
   

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+     
  

          
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4 
 
 $  
 
       

post-tensioning strands with normal initial stress level and temperatures

G*P0
 
    ON
+     
 
    
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!   
 
  
 
   
$
      
  
         

regulations, 

!

8
  2     
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  ! 


$
        

    
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for short tendons with small curvature, or where the controlling force is
  
 ! 
 
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  6G  
   
7

 


Page T 50

@
 

$     
   !  

 
 
   $  

 

6    


$ 
  

      7$      
       
 
 
  

   

 


+ 
  
6$*7 

    +  
 
 



    
  

Age at loading
t0 

Dry atmospheric conditions


6.>)*$
7

<

+ 
   
    
      

   
 
  
 
 
 


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   $      
  
  
       

 

pc+s =

p,c+s

100

p,c+s

cs(t,ts )

1+

p0

where:
pc+s 
$ =


po
=
c,po 


c,po+g =


/ s

/cm 
6$7 


6$7 



c, p0 +g

(t,t0 )

c, p0

M 
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50

<)*

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codes and regulations, 

!

p0

Es +

Humid atmospheric
conditions
6.>?*$7

(t,t0 )



 

  
 
 
variation in the stress in the post-tensioning steel due to creep


 A"
initial stress in the post-tensioning steel

  
 
   
 

6   ! 
 
 

 7A"
stress in the concrete due to post-tensioning dead load and other
 

 6   !  
 

 7A"
A    
 

 6<;)$***A" 7
A    
  A"
   
 
     
       
 
    

  
 
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pk<$?O*A" 
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+

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8
  
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+

  3

0  83 0 
   
     
  


 
atmospheric conditions
0  883 0 
   
 
  



 
atmospheric conditions
0  8883"    
    



Typical values of losses due to creep and shrinkage:
0  

8

88

888

?;

O?

=O

<G<)

?<G

)?

& 


F  
F 

l+\+b"

!  

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)[#' (
 
 
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6#!#<#5"
    
3
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+ 
  
 
   

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l+\+|( 
 
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!
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+      
         
 
    
tensioning force along the tendon, considering losses due to friction and
    
 



<)

  
  G*
+  !        
      
  
 
        
   
$

!

P(50m) = 2'511 e

P( x ) = Po e ( +k x )

0.12(( 215+ 20)


+ 0.00550)
180

= 2'511 0.87 = 2'195 kN

(= 0.65 Fpk )
8

    
3

2'511 2'195
= 6.32 kN / m'
50
6 195'000 12 150
w=
18 m
6.32
P 2 18 6.32 228kN
P0 P 2'283 kN

p =

)\!
 
 &
 ;
E      
            

account that p!   
 

.   
 




Stress p / fpk

l+\+m 
  *( 

+    
   

  
  
     
     

  

A 0 G*<*

 
 




+ 
 !  

   3
        
     
 
 

 

$ 

    
 

 !  
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   D
                   
 67 
  !  <;)

   
 

        ! 
       
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0  8
0  88
    
 
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!  




l+\+,
 (
!
   
  
A     

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the tendon, giving the following advantages:
 4


  
 
 

   

 

  
     

  
+   
   !

   
   
 

  
   
 4

        "adm, at a distance w from
 
 @  


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+ !   !    
     

 8

  
     !        
 

  
   


  
     
    
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/ G6/M<;;G<<73
 A     4@+/. 
     
      
 
A
6*N)pk*?)*<7
- refer to section 4.1 of this brochure

+ 

  * 
  _
/
`/ 65 &'(" which accounts for the


 
 

 $
       

    3
Dry atmospheric conditions
6.>)*$
7

Humid atmospheric conditions


6.>?*$7

4 
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O  
 

  
  

M 
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50

<)*

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50

<)*

O**

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*=;

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+       

 
 
 
  
  

 

Page T 51
 





 


Page T 52

& 
  
 6pLpk7
 


3

4
  $ 

  
3
  

    
  

 


 

      


& 
  
 6pLpk7
 

3

0.60
0.52
30

+

  !  
3

L [m]

60

90

0.68

Gain

0.60
0.52
0


 
  ;
+

G*
! 
    6&  

I*7

+  !    
  

 
 
      

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$
   
accurate :
 4  
 6     2 
    7
- length of tendon
  

 

   

 


  
 
   


0.68

Stress p / fpk

+   

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Stress p / fpk

l+\+}
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  ;[ 
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+    
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$  2 
    
 
@         
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 8  
  

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30

L [m]

60

90

& 

 3
 


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@
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3

+  
 
   
 

 

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+   

 
 
    
     
 

     
       
    

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+    
 
 

 
 
 3

Stress p / fpk

0.74
0.70
0.66

10
L [m]

20

L =
0

& 
  
 6pLpk7
 

3
Stress p / fpk

0.70

Loss

0.66
0

W
!
   


10
L [m]


  ( 


+   
   
  
       $       
  
 
   

 

   +   
 

 
 

    

 3

0.74

Gain

Px
Px
dx +
dx
Es As
Ec Ac
0

20

& 

 3
  
6Gpk7
 

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  Gnd
stressing
 9!  3
 
     
  
$      2
  !                         
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+

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dx
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l+l)  
 (
 f 
(
  
+ 
    
  
 
 
  
       
  

  
      
 
 @  $
    
  
 
      
          
  

spaced at a minimum centre-to-centre distance, in order to guarantee
 
 
      
  
   
  +     
centre spacing and edge distance and the reinforcement needed in the local

  D
  
 
 
 
   
     
stressing, f$*
l+l+[. 
    
 (W" 
+      
   
$ $ 
   
    

   
   %&
 4

  
   
   
   
time of stressing, fcm,0,     
    
  
 $
+    %&
    
 
&  
G 
 
   

+ %&&4F
 

    
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   67$ 

     

+ %&A#+8&+.4ME
 

   6
 

  
7
   
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      678
   

           
$  
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 D

 
$  
 
 %&  
  ! 
+ 
      
 $ $     3

l+l+\ (
(
 f 
+ 
 
    
 
 
 

 
     !  
  3
a) Local zone reinforcement in the immediate vicinity of the anchorage (primary
prism reinforcement)

@  $  6   7$ 6 



 
7 

 
   8
     
 
 $
this reinforcement is considered as an integral component of the anchorage

   
    
 %&(     
    +  
 

   
 

   
  
  

   
 ! %&
4    
           
  D
    

2
  
 D

 
  
 @
   
     %&   
  !    D
 
 

    
     ! 3  
  

 
   

   
 

b) General zone of reinforcement to introduce the prestressing force into the
structure (D regions; secondary prism reinforcement)

4    
 
           
  
 

needed for the introduction of the prestressing force into the structure
6
 D
7  
  
    2 


1  
    
 
   

 %&(   JE  
  

 

(4        
 
  
 
      
   
 
    !


 
"           

  
E 
  
 


  
 $
   
 

   

 
  
  

c) Reinforcement for spalling forces near stress-free edges

+ 
 
  
 2 

   !  

 
  

X
ex =
+ c 10mm + rebar
2
           
   !     !  
 



             (     67


@   
   

 
    /+41 *<I 61  
 
/
+ 
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  !  <* ! 

       
 
      
 

8   
        D           
   


 
 
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> ! $    

    
  ! p
6  7 




 
 p averaged
! 



#
 
 
   
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! 


 /      
      
 
   
 
   .    
  
    
         
       
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Special considerations for partial stressing of tendons:


8    
         
   
   

  


     
       
  
   

  
=<$    
  
     
$cm,0, can
     
 
    
 $ 3
)*  
 $    
  
$cm,0, can
     !     
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l+m
 (
!
    
@ !    
    
 
 
   

 
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VRd , p = P sin p

       

          w L ?$      
  
    
    
   
 

!    
3
bw,nom = bw k D

where kD =
 *)     
 *?  "+"#& 
 <G
 
A
   
 

E   
   
  6
   
  D
      
  7

 +  
 
   

 

  
     + 
  
 
 




reduces the opening width of the critical shear crack and therefore leads


  
   
 +      
  
  


 
 
 
@ 
  
$  
         


 

Data Sheet No XXX


Page T 53
 





 


Page T 54

m+"%@@J^),J@%"@,J
+   
 ! 
! !     

   
 

 
 





m+[
 (
   
(@J"J%
  
m+[+[c 
 ( 
@ 
   

 


 
     
 
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m+[+\c  (

%& 
  
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!  

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-  
!
    
6!  


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Q    
;

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6&  7   !  $
  

    
  
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! ?    
  
;
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L  !  
3.minG)
!@
 

 
!
    
;

Rmin = 2.8 Fpk 2.5 m Fpk



 
 
AM
 +  !    .
    
   
   
    


6 

 



!  
  !  


73

R~
1
Relevation
#

[-]
O<OI
O=
ON
O<G
O<)
O<;

.min
[m]
G)
I*
I;
)<
)N
O=

1
R plan

#

[-]
OGG
OGN
OI<
OIN
O=I
O))

.min
[m]
O;
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J
;
 + 
    !    .
        
 
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   !      

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! 
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Rmin = 0.6 Fpk 0.6 m

Fpk

 
 
AM

m+[+]

 
  
 
8  
     


 
   
 
       
 
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  +    


  


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%& 
 
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m+[+l+
  
&  

E 
   
       

 
   
    
   
F  
 A 0 G*<*$%&
recommends the following:

 
 
      
 ! 

   

 

!     !  
  ! 


 
  
   
  2 

 
   ! 
6+ 
          
  7
- Ducts for groups of tendons should have a minimum spacing that permits
    

  
 
  
 +

         
  $
  
!   



- Special attention is drawn to situations where an entire group of parallel


  !  
 
    
6

 
   
 
  !   7&  
  

 

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  ! 
 
    
 

m+\
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m+\+[c 
 ( 
@ 
   

 


 
     
 
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m+\+\c  (

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  A 0 G*<*
+ 
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 D

+ !  .min 
   
 
 

6 


 



!  
  !  


73

R~
1

Relevation

R plan

m+\+m"  

E

   
$  "/      
E
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The information set forth in this brochure including technical and engineering data is presented for general information only. While every effort has been made to insure its accuracy, this

 
 

 


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