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# EXERCISE CHAPTER 4

variable X.
x
P(x)

0
0.03

1
0.17

2
0.22

3
0.31

4
0.15

5
0.12

## Find the following probability:

a) exactly 1.
P(x = 1) = 0.17
b) at most 1
P(x 1) = P(x = 0) + P(x = 1) = 0.03 + 0.17 = 0.20
c) at least 3.
P(x 3) = P(x = 3) + P(x = 4) + P(x = 5)
= 0.31 + 0.15 + 0.12
= 0.58

OR
P(x 3) = 1 P(x 2) = 1
= 1 [0.03+0.17+0.22)]
= 1 0.42
= 0.58
d) 2 to 5.
P(2 x 5) = P(x = 2) + P(x = 3) + P(x = 4) + P(x = 5)
= 0.22 + 0.58
= 0.8

OR
P(2 x 5) = 1- P(x 1) = 1 [P(x = 0) + P(x = 1)]
= 1 [0.2]
= 0.8
e) more than 3.
P(x > 3) = P(x = 4) + P(x = 5) = 0.15 + 0.12 = 0.27

2. The following table lists the frequency distribution of the data collected by a
local research agency.
Number of TV sets
own
Number of families

a)

110

891

329

340

151

76

103

## Construct the probability distribution table.

Number of TV
sets own
Number of
families

total

110

891

329

340

151

76

103

2000

P(x)

1
0.055 0.4455 0.1645

b)

0.17

0.0755

0.038

0.0515

## Let X denote the number of television sets owned by a randomly

selected family from this town. Find the following probabilities:
i.

exactly 3.

ii.

more than 2.

iii.

at most 2.

iv.

1 to 3.

v.

at least 4.

## 3. According to a survey 65% university students smokes. Three students are

randomly selected from this university. Let X denote the number of students
in this sample who does not smokes.
a)

Let s = smoke
= not smoke

b)

## Construct the probability distribution table.

X

0
1
2
3
2
0.65
3(0.35)(0.65 ) 3(0.65)(0.352)
= 0.2746
= 0.4436
= 0.2389

P(X)
c)

3
0.353
0.0429

Total
1

## Let X denote the number of students who does not smoking is

selected randomly. Find the following probability:
i.

at most 1.

ii.

1 to 2.

iii.

at least 2.
OR

iv.

4.

more than 1.

## The following table gives the probability distribution of the number of

camcorders sold on a given day at an electronic store.
Camcorder sold
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Probability
0.05
0.12
0.19
0.30
0.18
0.10
0.06
Calculate the mean and standard deviation for this probability distribution.

= 2.98

5. According to a survey, 30% of adults are against using animals for research.
Assume that this result holds true for the current population of all adults. Let
x be the number of adults who agrees using animals for research in a
random sample of three adults. Obtain:
Let A = adults who agree
0.7
0.7
0.7

A
0.3

0.7

0.3
0.3
0.7
0.3

0.7

A
0.3

0.3

0.7

A
4

0.3

a)

## the probability distribution of X.

X
P(X)

b)

0
0.33
= 0.027

1
3(0.32)(0.7)
= 0.189

2
3(0.72)(0.3)
= 0.441

3
0.73
0.343

Total
1

mean.

= 2.1
c)

standard deviation.

6. In a genetics investigation, cat litters with ten kittens are studied which of
three are male. The scientist selects three kittens randomly. Let X as the
number of female kittens that being selected and construct probability
distribution for X (you may use tree diagram to represent the above event).
Based on the probability distribution obtained, find the:

P(X)

a)

Total

mean.

= 2.1
b)

standard deviation.

7. A box holds 5 whites and 3 black marbles. If two marbles are drawn
randomly without replacement and X denoted the number of white marbles,

W
W
B
W
B
B

a)

P(X)

=
= 0.3571

= 0.5357

b)

Total

## 10.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 X

0

8. The following table is the probability distribution for the number of traffic
accidents occur daily in a small city.
Number of
accidents (Y)
P(y)

a)

0.10

0.20

9a

3a

## Find the probability of:

i. exactly three accidents occur daily.

ii.

## between one and four accidents occur daily.

9(0.05) + 3(0.05)
= 0.6
iii.

## = 1- [P(y = 0) + P(y = 1) + P(y = 2)]

= 1 (0.1 + 0.2 + 9(0.05))
= 1 0.75
= 0.25
iv.

per day
b)

## Traffic Department of that small city expects that 5 accidents occur

daily. Do you agree? Justify your opinion.

=2
No, the mean for accident occur daily is only 2.
c)

Stdev =

## 9. The manager of large computer network has developed the following

probability distribution of the number of interruptions per day:
Interruptions(Y)
P(y)

a)

0
0.32

1
0.35

2
0.18

3
0.08

4
0.04

5
0.02

6
0.01

## Find the probability of:

i.
more than three interruptions per day.

ii.

iii.

0.32

b)

c)

## Compute the standard deviation.

10. You are trying to develop a strategy for investing in two different stocks. The
anticipated annual return for a RM1, 000 investments in each stock has the
following probability distribution.

Stock A
-100
0
80
150

Returns (RM), X
Stock B
50
150
-20
-100

a)

## Find the value of a.

b)

Compute,
i.
expected return for Stock A and Stock B.

ii.

c)

P(x)
0.1
0.3
0.3
a

10

11.

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

## The time left on a parking meter.

The number of goals scored by a football player.
The total pounds of fish caught on a fishing trip.
The number of cans in a vending machine.
The time spent by a doctor examining a patient.
The amount of petrol filled in the car.
The price of a concert ticket.

continuous
discrete
continuous
discrete
continuous
continuous
continuous

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TUTORIAL CHAPTER 4
The random variable X represents the number of children per family in a rural;
area in Ohio, with the probability distribution: p(x) = 0.05x, x = 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.

1.

x
p(x)

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25

0.3

2.

3.

s

4.

## Find the following probabilities:

a. P(X 4) = P(4)+ P(5) +P(6)
= 0.2 + 0.25+ 0.3
= 0.75
b. P(X > 4) = P(5) + P(6)
= 0.25 + 0.3
= 0.55
c. P(3 X 5) = P(3) + P(4) + P(5)
= 0.15 + 0.2 + 0.25
= 0.60
d. P(2 < X < 4) = P(3) = 0.15

e. P(X = 4.5) = 0

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