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Introduction

Introduction
To the Teacher
Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Standards Test Preparation for TCAP is designed to familiarize students
with standardized testing and to review the concepts covered in the Tennessee Science
Standards.

About This Book


The test items in this book will accustom students in a grade-appropriate manner with
standardized testing in preparation for the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program
(TCAP). Each test item is correlated to a specific State Performance Indicator (SPI), or Grade
Level Expectation (GLE) in the case of Grades 1 and 2.

Diagnostic Tests: Two Diagnostic Tests, which can be used as pretests or posttests, are provided.
The Diagnostic Tests are designed to simulate the statewide TCAP tests that students will be
taking. Each Diagnostic Test consists of multiple-choice questions that cover SPIs or GLEs
spanning all 12 Conceptual Strands in Life Science, Earth and Space Science, and Physical
Science. Inquiry and Technology & Engineering SPIs or GLEs are embedded within each test.
Standards Tests: These practice tests give students the opportunity to answer questions
that focus on each of the Conceptual Strands of the Tennessee Science Standards. One test
is provided for each of the 12 Life Science, Earth and Space Science, and Physical Science
Conceptual Strands. Inquiry and Technology & Engineering SPIs or GLEs are embedded within
each test. These tests can also be used as pretests and posttests, or as homework assignments
or extra practice.

ii

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Correlation Charts: The first correlation chart illustrates how the SPIs or GLEs covered in
this book align with lessons in Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Tennessee Science A Closer Look. The
second chart illustrates how the SPIs or GLEs align with Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Key Concept
Cards and other materials that can be used for intervention if test results indicate that students
are having difficulty with particular SPIs or GLEs.

Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii

Lesson Correlations for Tennessee State Performance Indicators . . . . . . . . . . iv


Interventions for Tennessee State Performance Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Diagnostic Test I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Standards and Scientific Inquiry Tests
Standard 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Standard 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Standard 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Standard 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Standard 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Standard 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Standard 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Standard 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Standard 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Standard 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Standard 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Standard 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Diagnostic Test II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Grade 3

Contents

iii

Correlation Chart
Lesson Correlations for Tennessee State Performance Indicators
Chapter, Lesson

SPI 0307.Inq.1 Select an investigation that could be used


to answer a specific question.

The Scientific Method

SPI 0307.T/E.1 Select a tool, technology, or invention that


was used to solve a human problem.

Technology: A Closer Look, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.T/E.2 Recognize the connection between a


scientific advance and the development of a new tool or
technology.

Technology: A Closer Look, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.1.1 Identify specific parts of a plant and


describe their functions.

Chapter 1, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.2.1 Distinguish between living and non-living


things.

Chapter 1, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.2.2 Determine the different major roles of


plants and animals in the environment.

Chapter 1, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.3.1 Identify the basic needs of plants and


animals.

Chapter 1, Lesson 4

SPI 0307.3.2 Recognize that animals obtain their food by


eating plants and other animals.

Chapter 1, Lesson 4

SPI 0307.4.1 Select an illustration that shows how an


organism changes as it matures.

Chapter 2, Lesson 2

SPI 0307.4.2 Distinguish between characteristics that are


or are not transmitted from parents to offspring.

Chapter 2, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.5.1 Investigate an organisms characteristics and


evaluate how these features enable it to survive in a
particular environment.

Chapter 3, Lesson 1; Chapter 3, Lesson 2

SPI 0307.5.2 Investigate populations of different


organisms and classify them as thriving, threatened,
endangered, or extinct.

Chapter 3, Lesson 4

SPI 0307.5.3 Match the organism with evidence of its


prior existence.

Chapter 3, Lesson 5

SPI 0307.6.1 Identify the major components of the solar


system.

Chapter 4, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.7.1 Classify landforms and bodies of water


according to their geological features and identify them
on a map.

Chapter 4, Lesson 2

iv

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

State Performance Indicator

Correlation Chart

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

State Performance Indicator

Chapter, Lesson

SPI 0307.7.2 Describe how rocks can be classified


according to their physical characteristics.

Chapter 4, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.7.3 Identify an object as natural or manmade.

Chapter 4, Lesson 4

SPI 0307.7.4 Determine methods for conserving natural


resources.

Chapter 4, Lesson 4

SPI 0307.8.1 Choose the correct tool for measuring a


particular atmospheric condition.

Chapter 5, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.8.2 Match major cloud types with specific


atmospheric conditions.

Chapter 5, Lesson 2

SPI 0307.9.1 Describe an object in terms of its physical


properties.

Chapter 6, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.9.2 Identify methods for separating different


types of mixtures.

Chapter 6, Lesson 2

SPI 0307.10.1 Use an illustration to identify various


sources of heat energy.

Chapter 6, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.10.2 Classify materials based on their ability to


conduct heat.

Chapter 6, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.11.1 Identify how an applied force changes the


direction of a moving object.

Chapter 7, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.11.2 Demonstrate how changing the mass


affects a balanced system.

Chapter 7, Lesson 1

SPI 0307.11.3 Distinguish between pitch and volume.

Chapter 7, Lesson 2

SPI 0307.11.4 Identify how sounds with different pitch


and volume are produced.

Chapter 7, Lesson 2

SPI 0307.12.1 Recognize that magnets can move objects


without touching them.

Chapter 7, Lesson 3

SPI 0307.12.2 Identify objects that are attracted to


magnets.

Chapter 7, Lesson 3

Grade 3

Interventions
Interventions for Tennessee State Performance Indicators

Intervention Resources

SPI 0307.Inq.1 Select an investigation that could be used to


answer a specific question.

Activity Lab Book pp. 13

SPI 0307.T/E.1 Select a tool, technology, or invention that


was used to solve a human problem.

Key Concept Cards 41, 73, 74, 75

SPI 0307.T/E.2 Recognize the connection between a scientific


advance and the development of a new tool or technology.

Key Concept Card 75

SPI 0307.1.1 Identify specific parts of a plant and describe


their function.

Key Concept Cards 3, 4

SPI 0307.2.1 Distinguish between living and non-living


things.

Key Concept Card 2

SPI 0307.2.2 Determine how plants and animals compete for


resources such as food, space, water, air, and shelter.

Key Concept Cards 15, 16, 21, 24

SPI 0307.3.1 Identify the basic needs of plants and animals.

Key Concept Cards 5, 20, 21, 35

SPI 0307.3.2 Recognize that animals obtain their food by


eating plants and other animals.

Key Concept Cards 15, 16, 24

SPI 0307.4.1 Select an illustration that shows how an organism changes as it develops.

Key Concept Cards 1, 9, 10, 11, 12

SPI 0307.4.2 Distinguish between characteristics that are


transmitted from parents to offspring and those that are not.

Key Concept Cards 11, 12, 14

SPI 0307.5.1 Investigate an organisms characteristics and


evaluate how these features enable it to survive in a
particular environment.

Key Concept Cards 5, 6, 7, 8, 17,


18, 19, 20

SPI 0307.5.2 Investigate populations of different organisms


and classify them as thriving, threatened, endangered, or
extinct.

Key Concept Cards 25, 26

SPI 0307.5.3 Match the organism with evidence of its prior


existence.

Key Concept Cards 25, 26, 34, 37

SPI 0307.6.1 Identify the major components of the solar


system, i.e., sun, planets and moons

Key Concept Cards 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51,


52, 53, 54

SPI 0307.7.1 Classify landforms and bodies of water according


to their geological features and identify them on a map.

Key Concept Cards 27, 28

SPI 0307.7.2 Describe how rocks can be classified according


to their physical characteristics.

Key Concept Cards 33, 34

SPI 0307.7.3 Identify an object as natural or manmade.

Key Concept Card 38

SPI 0307.7.4 Determine methods for conserving natural


resources.

Key Concept Cards 36, 38, 39, 40

vi

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

State Performance Indicator

Interventions

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

State Performance Indicator

Intervention Resources

SPI 0307.8.1 Choose the correct tool for measuring a


particular atmospheric condition.

Key Concept Cards 41, 75

SPI 0307.8.2 Match major cloud types with specific


atmospheric conditions.

Key Concept Card 43

SPI 0307.9.1 Describe a substance in terms of its physical


properties.

Key Concept Cards 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60,


61, 62, 65, 66

SPI 0307.9.2 Identify methods for separating different types


of mixtures.

Key Concept Card 64

SPI 0307.10.1 Use an illustration to identify various sources of


heat energy.

Key Concept Cards 46, 61

SPI 0307.10.2 Classify materials based according to their


ability to conduct heat.

Key Concept Cards 61, 76

SPI 0307.11.1 Identify how the direction of a moving object is


changed by an applied force.

Key Concept Cards 56, 67, 68, 69, 70

SPI 0307.11.2 Demonstrate how changing the mass affects a


balanced system.

Key Concept Card 58

SPI 0307.11.3 Distinguish between pitch and volume.

Key Concept Card 77

SPI 0307.11.4 Identify how sounds with different pitch and


volume are produced.

Key Concept Card 77

SPI 0307.12.1 Recognize that magnets can move objects


without touching them.

Key Concept Card 56

SPI 0307.12.2 Identify objects that are attracted to magnets.

Key Concept Card 56

Grade 3

vii

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

Name

Directions: On your answer sheet, fill in the circle next


to the correct answer.
1

Look at the diagram below.

Mountains
Plains
Canyon
Valley
River

Which feature is not shown?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.7.1

mountains
river
plains
valley

Tina learned about fish in school. Which question could Tina


investigate using the goldfish in her classroom?
SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.3.1

How many fish live in the ocean?


What kinds of fish live in the ocean?
Do larger fish eat more than smaller fish?
Which kinds of fish eat plants?

What will most likely happen if a magnet is placed next to a


copper nail?
SPI 0307.12.1

Grade 3

The nail will rust.


The nail will move away.
The nail will move to the magnet.
Nothing will happen.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Diagnostic
Test 1

Name

Date

Heather drew these pictures.

What do Heathers drawings show?

You see dark cumulus clouds. What will most likely happen next?

The Sun will shine.


The clouds will become cirrus clouds.
It may rain.
The clouds will become white.

SPI 0307.8.2

Which statement about a green plant is true?

SPI 0307.4.1

The
The
The
The

roots take in sunlight.


flowers support the plant.
leaves make food.
plant cannot make food.

Tennessee Test Preparation

SPI 0307.1.1

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

what a plant needs to grow and survive


how a plant makes food
a plant food chain
part of a life cycle

Name

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

Cecil, Karol, and James are racing on scooters. The scooters are
on a flat playground. James weighs more than Cecil. Cecil weighs
more than Karol. If all three students push with equal force, who
will travel fastest?
SPI 0307.11.2

Cecil
James
Karol
They will all travel at the same rate.

You see cirrus clouds high in the sky. What will most likely
happen within the next 24 hours?
SPI 0307.8.2

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

The clouds will clear and the Sun will shine again.
It will snow.
The weather will change soon.
A thunderstorm will occur.

What do all the planets in the solar system have in common?


SPI 0307.6.1

Grade 3

All
All
All
All

the
the
the
the

planets
planets
planets
planets

have moons.
have craters.
are made of rock.
orbit the Sun.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Diagnostic
Test 1

10

Name

Date

A soccer ball is not in motion. Someone kicks the ball on the right
side. What will most likely happen to the direction of the ball?
SPI 0307.11.1

11

It
It
It
It

will
will
will
will

move
move
move
move

to the right.
to the left.
upward.
downward.

Look at the pictures of stages in a frogs life cycle.

1
2
3
4

Tennessee Test Preparation

SPI 0307.4.1

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Which picture shows an adult organism?

Name

12

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

A fossil insect found looks just like one that lives today. What is
the best inference that can be made from this fossil evidence?
SPI 0307.5.3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13

The
The
The
The

environment has changed.


insect had no predators through time.
environment has not changed much through time.
insect became extinct.

Look at the picture below.

What energy is being produced?


electricity
sunshine
heat
matter
14

SPI 0307.10.1

What is the best way to conserve paper?


SPI 0307.7.4 SPI 0307.T/E.

Grade 3

Buy more paper.


Grow more trees.
Recycle it.
Burn it.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Diagnostic
Test 1

15

Name

Date

The number of bald eagles has slowly been increasing since the
use of DDT was banned in 1972. But, the number of eagles is not
yet what it once was. What would be the best term to use to
describe the population now?
SPI 0307.5.2

16

extinct
thriving
endangered
threatened

Pairs of penguins often fight with other pairs of penguins. They


fight over pebbles that they use to build nests. What is this an
example of?
SPI 0307.2.2

17

competition
mutualism
cooperation
predation

What could you do to separate a mixture of powdered iron and


powdered aluminum?
SPI 0307.9.2

evaporate it
use a magnet with it
filter it
melt it

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name

18

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

Look at the picture below.

earthworm
ants
rabbit
What characteristic helps all three animals survive?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.5.1

19

They
They
They
They

sleep through the cold winter months.


dig tunnels to stay safe and store food.
use large paws that act like snowshoes.
move to warmer climates during the winter.

Which of the following is true about natural materials?


SPI 0307.7.3

20

Natural
Natural
Natural
Natural

materials
materials
materials
materials

come from factories.


include cotton, sand, and clay.
include rayon, nylon, and plastic.
do not need to be conserved.

A salt and water mixture can be separated by


SPI 0307.9.2

Grade 3

filtering.
melting.
evaporating.
magnetizing.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Diagnostic
Test 1

21

Name

Date

Look at the table below.


Frog

Rock

Does it grow?

Yes

No

Does it use food to get


energy?

Yes

No

Does it get rid of waste?

Yes

No

Does it reproduce?

Yes

No

Does it react to changes in


its environment?

Yes

No

What can you best infer from this chart?

22

A rock does not need food, but a frog does need food.
A frog is a living thing, while a rock is not a living thing.
Rocks do not produce waste.
A frog will grow, but a rock will not grow.

What is the difference between a rock and a mineral?


SPI 0307.7.2

Minerals are living things, but rocks are not.


Rocks are living things, but minerals are not.
Minerals are made up of rocks.
Rocks are made up of minerals.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.2.1

Name

23

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

Gary will soon have a new baby brother. He wants to predict some
traits that his brother might have. He made the table below.
Eye Color

Hair Color

Grandma

green

brown

Grandpa

blue

brown

Mom

brown

brown

Dad

blue

brown

Me

green

brown

Which is the best prediction that Gary can make from this chart?
SPI 0307.4.2

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

24

His
His
His
His

baby
baby
baby
baby

brother
brother
brother
brother

will
will
will
will

have
have
have
have

blonde hair.
blue eyes.
brown hair.
green eyes.

Which of these best explains how vocal cords make sound?


SPI 0307.11.3

Grade 3

Lungs vibrate, and sound comes out of our mouths.


Vocal cords vibrate, and sound is heard.
Sound goes into our mouths causing waves when we speak.
Vocal cords are vibrated by the tongue when we speak.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

Look at the picture of an experiment.

200

200

200

150

150

150

100

100

100

50

50

50

A scientist has three beakers filled with equal amounts of three


different liquids. He heats each of the liquids until bubbles begin
to appear. Then he measures the temperature of each liquid.
What question is the scientist most likely trying to answer?

26

SPI 0307.9.1

Which of the following contains salt water?

10

What kind of beaker heats the fastest?


Do the colors of the liquids change?
How much does water vapor weigh?
At what temperature does each liquid boil?

an ocean
a river
a pond
a stream

Tennessee Test Preparation

SPI 0307.7.1

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

25

Name

Name

27

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

Look at the data table.


bear

brown fur

bee

carrying pollen

fish

swimming

human

Which one would best complete this table?


SPI 0307.4.2

28

learning a language
playing soccer
blue eyes
riding a bicycle

Which material would be best to use to conduct heat?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.T/E.1, SPI 0307.10.2.

29

copper
wood
wool
cotton

Plants and animals need energy to grow and survive. Which


statement about getting food for energy is correct?
SPI 0307.3.2

30

All
All
All
All

plants get energy by making their own food.


animals must eat other animals to get food.
plants eat animals to get energy.
animals get their food by eating plants only.

An object is traveling in a straight line at a constant speed. What


can you say about the forces acting on this object?
SPI 0307.11.1

Grade 3

The
The
The
The

forces
forces
forces
forces

are
are
are
are

strong.
weak.
balanced.
unbalanced.

Tennessee Test Preparation

11

Diagnostic
Test 1

31

Date

Which tool is used to measure the direction of the wind?

32

Name

barometer
thermometer
wind vane
anemometer

SPI 0307.8.1, SPI 0307.T/E.2.

Scientists find several fossils of a tropical plant in a desert. What


can the scientists infer about the environment of long ago?
SPI 0307.5.3

33

There was once more water available in the area.


There was once less water available in the area.
Temperatures were once much cooler in the area.
The area has not changed over time.

What nonliving parts of an environment do all living things need


to survive?

34

rocks and fire


water and space
soil and carbon dioxide
sunlight and carbon dioxide

You find a rock. It looks like it is made up of sand particles. What


kind of rock is it most likely?
SPI 0307.7.2

35

igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
marble

How close must a magnet be before it attracts certain objects?


SPI 0307.12.1

12

one inch away


two inches away
The object must touch the magnetic field.
The object must touch the magnet.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.3.1

Name

36

Date

Diagnostic
Test 1

What is one way in which humans can conserve natural


resources?
SPI 0307.7.4

37

drive cars that run on fossil fuels


build homes over wetlands
plant trees to replace ones that are cut down
fish in fresh water, but not in salt water

The table below shows the properties of two states of matter.


Property

Solid

Liquid

Shape

definite

shape of container

Volume

definite

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Which of the following best completes the chart?


SPI 0307.9.1

38

definite
not definite
shape of container
no volume

Lebron used a hand lens to observe a piece of quartzite and a


piece of concrete. What conclusion might Lebron have made
based on his observations?
SPI 0307.7.3

Grade 3

Crystals in the quartzite indicate that it is a human-made material.


Crystals in the quartzite indicate that it is a natural material.
The absence of crystals in concrete indicate that it is a natural material.
Concrete is made of minerals and quartzite is not made of minerals.

Tennessee Test Preparation

13

Diagnostic
Test 1

39

Name

Date

Which statement about endangered or extinct species is true?


SPI 0307.5.2

A species is extinct when only a few of its kind are left on Earth.
A species that is endangered cannot possibly be saved.
A species that is endangered is at risk of becoming extinct.
A species that is extinct is at risk of becoming endangered.
Look at the picture of the tuning fork.

What would make a sound with a higher pitch?


SPI 0307.11.3, SPI 0307.11.4

14

striking
striking
striking
striking

the tuning fork with more force


the tuning fork with less force
a thinner tuning fork
a thicker tuning fork

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

40

Name

41

Diagnostic
Test 1

Date

What will make the ice cube melt?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.10.1

42

Curtis observed Mars through his telescope. What is Mars?

43

a
a
a
a

moon
star
candy bar
planet

SPI 0307.T/E.1, SPI 0307.6.1.

Which objects will most likely stick to a magnet?

Grade 3

the plate
the window
heat from the Sun
water

erasers and marbles


screws and nails
nails and marbles
screws and erasers

SPI 0307.12.2

Tennessee Test Preparation

15

Diagnostic
Test 1
44

Date

When T.J. pushes a wheelbarrow, the wheelbarrow moves. She


fills the wheelbarrow with stones. What will T.J. need to do to
move as quickly as before?

45

Name

SPI 0307.11.2

push with the same force


push harder
move faster
move slower

A small tree is growing in the shade of a large tree. What will


most likely happen?
SPI 0307.2.2

small tree will continue to grow.


tall tree will die.
small tree will die from lack of water.
small tree will die from lack of light.

How do webbed feet help ducks survive?


SPI 0307.5.1

16

Webbed
Webbed
Webbed
Webbed

feet
feet
feet
feet

allow ducks to run faster.


help ducks clean their feathers.
help ducks swim.
allow ducks to walk better.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

46

The
The
The
The

Name

47

Date

Diagnostic
Test 1

Complete this sentence. Producers benefit consumers by


SPI 0307.3.2

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

48

breaking apart rocks.


breaking down dead animals.
providing food.
absorbing oxygen.

Look at the drawing of a plant.

Which part provides support for this plant?


SPI 0307.1.1

Grade 3

leaves
roots
flowers
stem

Tennessee Test Preparation

17

Diagnostic
Test 1

49

Name

Date

Finish this sentence. If a sound is very loud, then its source is


vibrating
SPI 0307.11.3

50

very quickly.
very slowly.
with a lot of energy.
with very little energy.

Finish this sentence. A magnet will attract


SPI 0307.12.2

Damon plucks a string. The string makes a sound. Then Damon


slowly tightens the string as he plucks. What happens to the
sound?
SPI 0307.11.4

52

The
The
The
The

pitch gets lower.


pitch gets higher.
volume gets higher.
volume gets lower.

Jeremy left his spoon in a mug of hot chocolate. A few minutes


later, the handle of the spoon was warm. What does this tell you
about the spoon?
SPI 0307.10.2

18

It
It
It
It

is an insulator.
is a conductor.
must be made of metal.
must be made of wood.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

51

iron.
plastic.
rocks.
rubber.

Name
v

53

Date

Diagnostic
Test 1

What does this weather tool measure?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.8.1

54

amount of rain
change in air pressure
speed of wind
depth of snow

Which one of the following is a nonliving thing?


SPI 0307.2.1

Grade 3

mineral
ant
daisy
horse

Tennessee Test Preparation

19

Standard 1
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Suppose you find a plant that you have never seen before. The
plant has a flower. How could you classify this plant?
SPI 0307.1.1

as
as
as
as

a
a
a
a

seed plant
conifer
tree
fern

What is the most important function of a flower?


SPI 0307.1.1

to
to
to
to

attract birds
attract bees
make pollen
make seeds

Which statement about green plants is true?


SPI 0307.1.1

Green plants have green blood cells.


Green plants use less water than other plants.
The cells of green plants have chlorophyll.
The cells of green plants have organ systems.

What is one function of a plants roots?


SPI 0307.1.1

They keep the plant in the ground.


They make food for the plant.
They give off water and minerals.
hey make seeds for new plants.

Which part of a plant brings water to all the other parts of the
plant?
SPI 0307.1.1

20

stem
tap root
leaf
flower

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name

Standard 2
Test

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Which one of the following is a living thing?

How do you know that a snowball is a nonliving thing?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.2.1

seaweed
rock
magnet
coal

SPI 0307.2.1

A
A
A
A

snowball
snowball
snowball
snowball

can reproduce.
is made of cells.
needs to take in food for energy.
does not react to changes in its environment.

Use the data table to answer questions 3 and 4.


Living Things

Nonliving Things

Which one of the following belongs in the column of Living


Things?

SPI 0307.2.1

Which one of the following belongs in the column Nonliving Things?

Grade 3

do not need food


are made of cells
do not produce waste
do not grow

SPI 0307.2.1

respond to the environment


need food
do not grow or develop
reproduce

Tennessee Test Preparation

21

Standard 2
Test

Name

Date

What do living things need in order to survive?


SPI 0307.2.1

food, water, darkness


energy, living space, water
oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen
camouflage, competition, food

A population of elephants needs a steady supply of food. What is


most likely to happen if there is not enough food?
SPI 0307.2.2

Nothing will happen.


The elephants will become extinct.
The elephants will help each other find food.
The elephants will compete for food.

Why would a gardener plant seeds with space around each seed?

to
to
to
to

avoid competition
avoid destruction
limit the amount of water needed
prevent the habitat from changing

A fox and a bear both want to use the same cave. What is this an
example of?
SPI 0307.2.2

competition
competition
competition
competition

for
for
for
for

space
shelter
water
food

What is the role of water, gases, and sunlight in an ecosystem?


SPI 0307.2.2

22

They
They
They
They

are all living factors needed by plants and animals.


are all used by animals in the ecosystem.
are all nonliving factors needed by plants and animals.
all produce food for animals in the ecosystem.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.2.2

Name

10

Date

Standard 2
Test

Sunflowers have a substance that can stop the growth of other


plants. What does this substance do for sunflowers?
SPI 0307.2.2

It
It
It
It

keeps them firmly in the ground.


reduces competition.
prevents erosion.
helps them make more food.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Grade 3

Tennessee Test Preparation

23

Standard 3
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
What might happen to a plant if there were no sun for a long
time?

SPI 0307.3.1

water
oxygen
sunlight
space

SPI 0307.3.1

water
oxygen
carbon dioxide
space

SPI 0307.3.1

The
The
The
The

Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun

is the main source of energy for living things.


makes living things feel warm.
evaporates water that living things need.
helps animals grow and change.

SPI 0307.3.1

Which living thing is an example of a carnivore?

24

grow faster.
not eat other plants.
stop making food.
give off more oxygen.

Which sentence explains the Suns importance to most living


things?

might
might
might
might

What is one thing a plant needs that an animal does not need?

plant
plant
plant
plant

What is one thing an animal needs that a plant does not need?

The
The
The
The

grass
cow
lion
robin

Tennessee Test Preparation

SPI 0307.3.2

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name

Standard 3
Test

Date

Complete the sentence. Producers help consumers by


SPI 0307.3.2

breaking rocks apart.


breaking down plant and animal matter.
taking in oxygen.
making food.

What is the role of a plant in a food chain?


SPI 0307.3.2

producer
consumer
decomposer
herbivore

What is the role of an earthworm in a food chain?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.3.2

producer
consumer
decomposer
omnivore

What is an animal that eats only plants called?


SPI 0307.3.2

Grade 3

producer
consumer
decomposer
herbivore

Tennessee Test Preparation

25

Standard 3
test

10

Name

Date

Look at the food web below.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.3.2

Which sentence about this food web is true?


The hawk eats all the animals in the food web.
The frog and the lizard eat the beetle for energy.
The rattlesnake eats the puma for energy.
The bird eats the cactus for energy.

26

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Name

Date

Standard 4
Test

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

What is the correct order of stages in the life cycle of a butterfly?

SPI 0307.4.1

egg, larva, pupa, adult


adult, larva, pupa, egg
egg, pupa, larva, adult
pupa, larva, egg, adult

Look at the illustrations.


SPI 0307.4.1

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

What numbers would show the correct order of the frogs life
cycle?
4, 2, 3, 1
3, 2, 1, 4
1, 2, 3, 4
4, 1, 2, 3
3

What is shown in the illustrations?

Grade 3

SPI 0307.4.1

a plant food chain


how a plant makes food
the life cycle of an apple tree
what a plant needs to grow
Tennessee Test Preparation

27

Standard 4
Test

Date

Arjun finds a picture of his mother as a baby. His mother shows


him other pictures. There is a picture of his mother as a teenager.
There is a picture of his mother and father getting married.
There is also a picture of Arjun as a tiny baby. What do these pictures describe?
SPI 0307.4.1

Name

how the family makes food


life stages of people
the process of succession
what the family needs to survive

What is the larva stage of a butterfly called?


SPI 0307.4.1

pupa
cocoon
caterpillar
tadpole

Look at the two plants below. Both are the same type of plant.

What about these plants is inherited?

28

SPI 0307.4.2

the color of the flowers


how much sunshine they get
the health of the leaves
the number of pollinators

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name

Date

Which one of the following is an inherited trait?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.4.2

the ability to use tools


a persons height
a persons environment
what language is spoken

A male plant that is tall pollinates a female plant that is also tall.
What will the offspring probably be like?

Standard 4
Test

SPI 0307.4.2

female plants
short plants
plants without flowers
tall plants

Look at the list below.


1.
2.
3.
4.

Bob plays the clarinet well.


Bobs mother plays the guitar.
Bob and his father are nearly the same
height.
Bob has the same eye color as his

SPI 0307.4.2

Which sentence about Bobs traits is true?


Bobs ability to play a clarinet is likely to be a learned behavior. His

height and eye color are traits he inherited from his parents.
Bobs height and eye color are not inherited. His ability to play the clarinet is inherited.
Bob inherited both the ability to play the clarinet and his eye color. His
height is not related to his father.
None of Bobs traits is inherited.
10

Which one of the following is an example of an inherited trait?

Grade 3

webbed feet
blinking
riding a bicycle
speaking a language

SPI 0307.4.2

Tennessee Test Preparation

29

Standard 5
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Birds fly south for the winter. Bats hibernate during winter. What are
these examples of?
SPI 0307.5.1

succession
camouflage
adaptations
becoming endangered

A camel lives in the desert. What helps it to live there?


SPI 0307.5.1

special
special
special
special

adaptations
adaptations
adaptations
adaptations

for
for
for
for

digging
flying
moving across sand
getting nectar

Which adaptation is best for living at the South Pole?


SPI 0307.5.1

a thin layer of fur


an extra layer of fat
good eyesight
good hearing

Look at these owls.

Most owls hunt for prey at night. Which sense best helps them to hunt?
SPI 0307.5.1

30

taste
sight
smell
touch

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name
5

Standard 5
Test

Date

The snowshoe hare lives in cold, snowy places. In summer, the hares
fur is grey or brown. In winter, it is white. How is the color of the
hares fur an adaptation?
SPI 0307.5.1

Brown fur helps the hare stand out in the snow so it can find food in winter.
The colors help the hare get energy in summer and use less energy in winter.
The colors help the hair blend in with its environment during the seasons.
White fur is thicker than brown fur and keeps the hare warmer in winter.

If organisms cannot adapt to a change in the environment, what will


happen to them over time?
SPI 0307.5.2

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

They
They
They
They

will
will
will
will

look different.
overpopulate.
become extinct.
hibernate.

Look at the picture of a passenger pigeon.

The passenger pigeon is extinct. What can you conclude about it?
SPI 0307.5.2

The passenger pigeon is too well hidden to be found today.


All passenger pigeons are gone forever.
There are only a few passenger pigeons left in the world.
The passenger pigeon is adapted to its environment.

What do you call an animal when there are only a very few of its kind
left on Earth?
SPI 0307.5.2

Grade 3

metamorphosis
endangered
extinct
threatened
Tennessee Test Preparation

31

Standard 5
Test
9

Name

Date

All of the following are reasons that organisms can become extinct
EXCEPT
SPI 0307.5.2

10

destruction of habitat by fire.


too much food.
severe climate change.
disease.

What is the difference between an extinct plant and an endangered


plant?
SPI 0307.5.2

Look at the picture of a fossil. Today, the fish is found only in a few
rivers of the world.

What can you learn about by observing a fossil such as this?


SPI 0307.5.3

12

the life cycle of the organism


the color of the organism
the environment of the area long ago
who the organisms parents were

Suppose a scientist finds a fossil of a woolly mammoth on the bottom


of the ocean. What can the scientist infer from her discovery?
SPI 0307.5.3

32

Someone placed the fossil in the ocean.


The area was not always covered by water.
The mammoth lived in water.
There were fewer mammoths in ancient times.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

11

There are fewer endangered plants than extinct plants.


Extinct plants are protected but endangered plants are not protected.
Endangered plants grow more slowly than extinct plants.
Endangered plants can easily become extinct.

Name
13

Which of these might contain the actual remains of an animal?


SPI 0307.5.3

14

Standard 5
Test

Date

a model
an imprint
amber
a cast

A scientist finds this imprint in rock that is very old. She cannot find
evidence of any animal like it living today.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

What is the best inference about the organism?


SPI 0307.5.3

15

This
This
This
This

is a newly discovered organism.


organism lived a very long time ago.
is an organism with some missing toes.
organism was very old when it walked here.

Look at the picture below.

Which one of the following describes object A?


SPI 0307.5.3

Grade 3

an imprint
a mold
a cast
amber

Tennessee Test Preparation

33

Standard 6
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Which planet is closest to the Sun?


SPI 0307.6.1

Look at the data table.


Planet

Distance to the Sun


(in miles)

Mercury

36,000,000

Venus

67,000,000

Earth

93,000,000

Mars

142,000,000

Which question does this table answer?


SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.6.1

Which planet in our solar system is farthest from the Sun?


Which planet in our solar system orbits the Sun most often?
How far away from the Sun are our solar systems inner planets?
How many planets are in our solar system?

How is the planet Jupiter similar to the Sun?


SPI 0307.6.1

34

Both
Both
Both
Both

are red.
have rings.
are mostly gases.
have moons.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Earth
Saturn
Mercury
Uranus

Name
4

Standard 6
Test

Date
Which is the largest planet in the solar system?

SPI 0307.6.1

Saturn
Earth
Jupiter
the Sun

Complete the sentence. The planets in our solar system all


SPI 0307.6.1
orbit the Sun.
produce light and heat.
have moons.
have a system of rings.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Grade 3

Tennessee Test Preparation

35

Standard 7
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
Use the map to answer questions 1 and 2.
D

B
C

Mountains
Plains
Canyon
Valley
River

What does A represent on the map?

SPI 0307.7.1

Which letter represents a plain on the map?

36

ocean
river
pond
glacier

letter
letter
letter
letter

A
B
C
D

Tennessee Test Preparation

SPI 0307.7.1

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name

Standard 7
Test

Date

Use the table to answer the questions 3 and 4.


Distance to the Sun (in miles)

oceans

97%

ice and glaciers

2%

underground water

1%

lakes

small amount

in soil

small amount

clouds and vapor

small amount

streams and rivers

small amount

Where is most of Earths fresh water found?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.Inq. 1, SPI 0307.7.1

About how much of Earths water is salty?

Grade 3

oceans
lakes
ice and glaciers
clouds and vapor

SPI 0307.Inq. 1, SPI 0307.7.1


97%
50%
1%
100%

Tennessee Test Preparation

37

Standard 7
Test

Date

What can help you to identify where an igneous rock was formed?
SPI 0307.7.2

Name

size
mass
volume
grain size

Look at the picture below.

SPI 0307.7.2

by
by
by
by

color
size
mass
minerals

All of the following are ways used to identify minerals EXCEPT


SPI 0307.7.2

hardness.
luster.
location.
streak.

Which material is human-made?


SPI 0307.7.3

38

talc
quartz
glass
diamond

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

How are these rocks grouped?

Name

Standard 7
Test

Date

Which sentence about natural materials is true?


SPI 0307.7.3

10

Natural
Natural
Natural
Natural

materials
materials
materials
materials

include rayon, nylon, and plastic.


include cotton, sand, and clay.
are made in factories and sold in stores.
do not need to be conserved.

Fatima is using a hand lens to observe a piece of quartzite and a


piece of concrete. What conclusion might Fatima draw from her
observations?
SPI 0307.7.3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

11

Crystals in the quartzite mean quartzite is a manmade material.


Concrete is a mineral.
The absence of crystals in concrete means concrete is a natural material.
Crystals in the quartzite mean quartzite is a natural material.

Look at the data table.


Natural

Manmade

air

plastic

soil

soap

nylon

Which material correctly completes the table?


SPI 0307.7.3

12

steel
cement
rocks
glue

Complete the sentence. Aluminum cans are most often recycled into
SPI 0307.T/E1, SPI 0307.7.4

Grade 3

glass bottles.
pencil holders.
new compost.
new aluminum cans.
Tennessee Test Preparation

39

Standard 7
Test

13

Name

Date

All of the following are ways to conserve natural resources EXCEPT


SPI 0307.T/E.2, SPI 0307.7.4

14

recycling.
leaving lights on.
reusing.
reducing.

Look at the drawing of two farms.

Farm A

Farm B

Why might farm B have shaped its soil in this way?

15

to
to
to
to

prevent
prevent
prevent
prevent

animals from eating their crops


the soil from turning into limestone
the soil from becoming too hot
the soil from washing away

If you turn down the thermostat in your home in the winter time,
which natural resource are you helping to conserve?
SPI 0307.T/E.1, SPI 0307.7.4

40

fossil fuels
water
soil
wood

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.7.4

Name

Standard 8
Test

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Gina wants to measure wind speed. Which tool should she use?
SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.8.1

an anemometer
a barometer
a thermometer
a weather balloon

Julia wants to know which direction the wind is blowing. Which tool
should she use?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.8.1

a thermometer
a barometer
a wind vane
an anemometer

Which tool measures air pressure?


SPI 0307.8.1

an anemometer
a hygrometer
a barometer
a wind vane

Which tool measures the temperature of the air?


SPI 0307.8.1

Grade 3

a barometer
a thermometer
a wind sock
an anemometer

Tennessee Test Preparation

41

Standard 8
Test
5

Name

Date

Darius wants to measure precipitation over the next few days. Which
tool should he use?
SPI 0307.8.1

a hygrometer
a barometer
an anemometer
a rain gauge

What usually happens to cumulus clouds shortly before it rains?


SPI 0307.8.2

They
They
They
They

start to break apart.


becomes cirrus clouds.
form layers.
turn dark and thick.

What are clouds are made of?

oxygen and nitrogen


nitrogen and dust
water droplets and dust
carbon dioxide and ozone

Complete the sentence. Clouds that are wispy, high in the sky, and
made up of ice crystals are
SPI 0307.8.2

cumulus clouds.
cirrus clouds.
stratus clouds.
nimbocumulus clouds.

Hideki sees nimbostratus clouds in the sky. What can Hideki predict
from these clouds?
SPI 0307.8.2

42

There will be fair weather.


There will be rain.
There will be good visibility all day.
The weather will stay just as it is.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.8.2

Name

10

Date

Standard 8
Test

Which type of cloud is fog?


SPI 0307.8.2

stratus
cirrostratus
cumulus
cirrus

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Grade 3

Tennessee Test Preparation

43

Standard 9
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

It is snowing outside. Which one of the following could be the outside


temperature?
SPI 0307.9.1

30 degrees Celsius
0 degrees Celsius
30 degrees Celsius
100 degrees Celsius

Complete the sentence. When a substance melts, it


SPI 0307.9.1

changes
changes
changes
changes

from
from
from
from

a
a
a
a

solid to a liquid.
liquid to a solid.
liquid to a gas.
gas to a liquid.

How do you know that air is matter?


SPI 0307.9.1

Air can be attracted by a magnet.


You cannot see air, so it is not matter.
You can smell air.
Air takes up space and has mass.

Hardness is an example of
SPI 0307.9.1

44

a source of heat.
magnetism.
a physical change.
a physical property.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name
5

Standard 9
Test

Date
Which one of these is an example of a solid?

SPI 0307.9.1

ice
boiling water
water vapor
oxygen

Which statement about the properties of the parts of a mixture is


true?
SPI 0307.9.2

The
The
The
The

parts change color.


parts change temperature.
parts change mass.
properties of the parts do not change.

How can you separate a mixture of oil and vinegar?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.9.2

Let the mixture evaporate.


Let the mixture settle.
Let the mixture freeze.
Filter the mixture.

How can you separate a mixture of wood and gold?


SPI 0307.9.2

Float them in water.


Use a magnet.
Let the mixture evaporate.
Use a sieve.

Which would be the fastest way to separate a mixture of sand and


water?
SPI 0307.9.2

Grade 3

magnetize the mixture


evaporate the mixture
settling
filter the mixture

Tennessee Test Preparation

45

Standard 9
Test
10

Name

Date

India wants to separate a mixture of bits of iron and bits of aluminum.


Which tool should she use?
SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.9.2

Z
W
X
Y

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

46

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Name

Standard 10
Test

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
Use these pictures to answer questions 1 and 2.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

1
2
1
1

SPI 0307.10.1

and 2
and 3
only
and 3

Which picture shows heat being produced by friction?

Grade 3

Which are producing heat?

4
1
1
2

SPI 0307.10.1

only
only
and 2
only

Tennessee Test Preparation

47

Standard 10
Test
3

Name

Date

From where does Earth get most of its heat energy?


SPI 0307.10.1

electricity
the Sun
the ground
wind

Complete the sentence. Gasoline provides heat energy when it is


SPI 0307.10.1

diluted.
filtered.
burned.
dissolved.

Which one of the following produces heat?

melting
freezing
burning coal
evaporation

What happens to a metal spoon placed in boiling water?


SPI 0307.10.2

48

The
The
The
The

spoon melts.
water evaporates.
spoon loses heat.
spoon gains heat.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.10.1

Name
7

Standard 10
Test

Date
Look at the data table.
Object

copper kettle
wool mittens
iron skillet
tin cup
cotton sweater

Good Conductor

Good Insulator

yes
no
yes
yes
no

no
yes
no
no
yes

What can you infer from this chart?


SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.10.2

Metals should only be used as insulators.


Heat travels through metals well.
Materials made from cotton are not good insulators.
Clothing is a conductor of heat.

Why are some winter blankets made of wool?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.10.2

Heat moves easily through wool.


Wool traps body heat.
Wool makes loose fitting clothes.
Wool is easy to sew.

Jake left his metal spoon in a mug of hot chocolate. A few minutes
later, the handle of the spoon was warm. What is the metal spoon?
SPI 0307.10.2

10

an insulator.
a conductor.
a magnet.
a producer.

Suppose you want to make a handle for a frying pan. Which material
would make the best insulator to use for the handle?
SPI 0307.10.2

Grade 3

iron
wood
copper
aluminum

Tennessee Test Preparation

49

Standard 11
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Look at the picture.

The book on the table does not move. Why not?

There is no force acting on the book or the table.


Gravity only pulls on falling objects.
The force of the table pushing up is equal to the force of gravity.
The force of the table pushing up is less than the force of gravity.

Complete the sentence. A force can cause an object to


SPI 0307.11.1

change properties.
change temperature.
change direction.
make energy.

Mrs. Alvarez divided her class into two teams for a game of
tug-of-war. The two teams are the Tigers and the Panthers. At first,
both teams pull with equal force in opposite directions. Neither team
can make the rope move. Then one of the members of the Tigers falls
down and lets go of the rope. What is most likely to happen next?
SPI 0307.11.1

50

The
The
The
The

rope
rope
rope
rope

moves in the direction of the Tigers.


moves in the direction of the Panthers.
still does not move.
breaks.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.11.1

Name
4

Standard 11
Test

Date
Balanced forces are acting on an object. What might this mea4n?

SPI 0307.11.1

The object is slowing down.


The velocity of the object is changing.
There is no change in motion.
The object is experiencing a magnetic force.

A small car can stop more quickly than a large truck. Why might this
be true?
SPI 0307.11.2

Small cars have less mass than large trucks.


Large trucks take up more room.
Small cars have bigger brakes.
Small cars have more mass than large trucks.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Use this picture to answer questions 6 and 7.

What can you do to make the tool balance?


SPI 0307.11.2

Add another feather to the right side.


Use a feather with less mass on the right side.
Remove the feather from the right side.
You cannot make the instrument balance.

Which statement describes what will happen if a large rock is placed


on the left side of this tool?
SPI 0307.11.2

Grade 3

The right side will move down because it has more mass.
The left side will move down because it has more mass.
The mass of each object will be the same.
There will be no change.
Tennessee Test Preparation

51

Standard 11
Test
8

Name

Date

Nancy plays the guitar. What should she do to change the volume of
the sound coming from her guitar?
SPI 0307.11.3

Pluck the strings more forcefully.


Play in a different room.
Change the length of the strings.
Put holes in the guitar.

A musician plucks two strings on a guitar. The first string produces a


note with a low pitch. The second string produces a note with a high
pitch. What can you infer about the strings?
SPI 0307.11.3

10

The
The
The
The

first string is vibrating faster than the second.


second string vibrates with more energy than the first.
first string vibrates with less energy than second.
first string is vibrating slower than the second.

Which statement about pitch or volume is correct?


SPI 0307.11.3

11

Only loud sounds have volume.


Sounds that have more energy have a higher volume.
An object that vibrates quickly has a low pitch.
Only sounds with a high pitch can move through water.

Which term describes how high or how low a sound is?


SPI 0307.11.3

52

pitch
vibration
volume
tone

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name
12

Standard 11
Test

Date
The drawing shows two glasses placed on a table.

Which statement tells what happens if you tap each glass with a metal
spoon?
SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.11.4

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13

The empty glass has a lower pitch than the full glass.
The full glass has a lower pitch than the empty glass.
Both glasses have the same pitch.
Both glasses will break.

What causes the pitch of a sound to change?


SPI 0307.11.4

14

how quickly an object vibrates


how loud he sound is
how the object is made to vibrate
the amount of time the object vibrates

How can you change the pitch of a guitar string?


SPI 0307.11.4

15

change the thickness of the string


change the length of the string
both F and G
neither F nor G

Pablo is playing his guitar. He shortens the strings and strums hard.
What will the sound be like?
SPI 0307.11.4

Grade 3

The
The
The
The

sound
sound
sound
sound

will
will
will
will

be
be
be
be

soft and high in pitch.


soft and low in pitch.
loud and high in pitch.
loud and low in pitch.
Tennessee Test Preparation

53

Standard 12
Test

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

What happens to the magnetic force on an object as a magnet moves


farther from the object?
SPI 0307.12.1

The
The
The
The

force
force
force
force

increases.
stays the same.
decreases.
increases and then decreases.

Which one of the following statements is true?


SPI 0307.12.1

Magnetic force can pass through paper.


Magnets always point north.
Magnetic force increases with distance from the magnet.
Some magnets have only one pole.

Complete the sentence. Magnets can move objects


SPI 0307.12.1

54

by touching them.
without touching them.
if the objects are made of copper.
without being attracted to them.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name
4

Date

Standard 12
Test

Look at the drawing of a bar magnet.

Where is the magnets force strongest?


SPI 0307.12.1

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

at its north pole only


at its south pole only
between the north and south poles
at both its poles

Complete the sentence. The area of magnetic force around a magnet


is called its
SPI 0307.12.1

Grade 3

pole.
center.
magnetic field.
compass.

Tennessee Test Preparation

55

Standard 12
Test
6

Name

Date

Look at the objects in the drawing.

What do these objects have in common?


SPI 0307.12.2

They
They
They
They

are
are
are
are

all nonmetals.
all attracted to a magnet.
all repelled by a magnet.
not affected by a magnet.

Complete the sentence. A magnet will attract

rubber.
certain metals.
plastic.
glass.

Hadley put screws, nails, erasers, and marbles in a bowl. Which objects
will most likely be attracted to a magnet?
SPI 0307.12.2

the
the
the
the

erasers and marbles


screws and erasers
nails and the marbles
screws and nails

Ian has a bar magnet and a pile of paper clips. He holds the magnet
over the paper clips, but none of them is picked up by the magnet.
What might explain Ians results?
SPI 0307.12.2

56

The
The
The
The

paper
paper
paper
paper

clips
clips
clips
clips

were
were
were
were

bent.
made of plastic.
too small.
made of iron.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.12.2

Name
10

Standard 12
Test

Date
Look at the picture of a bar magnet.

What will the south (S) pole of the magnet attract?


SPI 0307.12.2

only the north (N) pole of another magnet


only the south (S) pole of another magnet
objects made of iron, and the north (N) pole of another magnet
objects made of iron, and the south (S) pole of another magnet

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Grade 3

Tennessee Test Preparation

57

Diagnostic
Test 2

Name

Date

Directions: On your answer sheet, mark the correct


answer.
1

Look at the map below.

Mountains
Plains
Canyon
Valley
River

Which land feature does the arrow point to?

mountains
river
plains
canyon

Living things that are close to becoming endangered are called


SPI 0307.5.2

extinct.
thriving.
adapting.
threatened.

What will happen if you bring the north pole of a magnet near a
nickel?
SPI 0307.12.1

58

The
The
The
The

magnet will repel the nickel.


magnet will attract the nickel.
magnet will have no effect on the coin.
nickel will repel the magnet.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.7.1

Name

Diagnostic
Test 2

Date

Look at these pictures. They show some stages of a growing frog.




Which stage comes next?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.4.1

tadpole
eggs
reproduction
adult

You see cumulonimbus clouds in the sky on a hot day. What kind
of weather can you expect?
SPI 0307.8.2

snow
hail
sunshine
rain

Which sentence best explains why some flowers have bright


colors?
SPI 0307.1.1

Grade 3

The
The
The
The

bright
bright
bright
bright

colors attract animals that will help spread pollen.


colors help the flower take in more sunlight.
colors tell animals to stay away from the flowers.
flowers help the plant take in more water.

Tennessee Test Preparation

59

Diagnostic
Test 2

Name

Date

Brian pushed a wheelbarrow. The wheelbarrow moved forward.


Then Brian pushed the wheelbarrow a second time. It moved
forward more slowly than the first time. What can you say about
how Brian pushed the wheelbarrow?
SPI 0307.11.2

He
He
He
He

pushed
pushed
pushed
pushed

it
it
it
it

with
with
with
with

more force the first time.


more force the second time.
the same force both times.
more gravity the second time.

Which clouds mean that the weather will probably be fair?


SPI 0307.8.2

Look at the picture below.


Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

fog
stratus
cumulus
cumulonimbus

Which water feature is shown?


SPI 0307.7.1

60

a lake
a pond
an ocean
a river

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Name

10

Diagnostic
Test 2

Date

Two teams played a game of tug-of-war. The red team and the
blue team pulled in opposite directions for a long time, but the
rope did not move. What does this mean?
SPI 0307.11.1

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

11

Neither team pulled very hard.


The red and blue team pulled with equal force.
The red team pulled harder than the blue team.
The blue team pulled harder than the blue team.

Look at Anas drawings. They show the stages of growth for an


apple tree.

What numbers show the correct order of how an apple tree


grows from a seed?
SPI 0307.4.1

12

4,
4,
4,
1,

3,
1,
2,
2,

2,
2,
3,
3,

1
3
1
4

What is one difference between Earth and the Moon?


SPI 0307.6.1

Grade 3

The Moon has no gravity.


The Earth receives more sunlight.
Earth is a planet, the Moon is not.
Stars cannot be seen from the Moons surface.

Tennessee Test Preparation

61

Diagnostic
Test 2

13

Name

Date

What is the source of heat energy in this picture?

14

the plate
the ice cube
melting
the Sun

What is one way to help conserve resources?


SPI 0307.T/E.2, SPI 0307.7.4

15

cut down more trees


use more water
recycle materials
drain wetlands

Animals A and B are two different types of animals that live in


the same area. Animal A only eats mice. Animal B eats mice and
grasshoppers. Suppose the mice population is small one year.
What will most likely happen to reduce the competition for
food?
SPI 0307.2.2

62

Animal
Animal
Animal
Animal

A and animal B will eat at different times of the day.


B will eat more grasshoppers.
A will eat grasshoppers.
B will move to a new area.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.10.1

Name

16

Diagnostic
Test 2

Date

Bob spills some steel pins on the floor. Which one of the
following tells the best way Bob can pick them up without
touching them?
SPI 0307.12.1

17

use a sponge
get someone else to pick them up
use a magnet
use a rubber glove

Vanessa wants to separate a mixture of gravel and sand. Which


tool should she use?
SPI 0307.9.2

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

10
0

18

Z
W
X
Y

A lizard changes color. When it does this, it blends with its


surroundings. What is this an example of?
SPI 0307.5.1

Grade 3

hibernation
camouflage
mimicry
migration

Tennessee Test Preparation

63

Diagnostic
Test 2

19

Name

Date

What natural materials make up soil?


SPI 0307.7.3

20

minerals only
minerals and rocks
rocks, clay, and sand
rocks, minerals, and decayed matter

Which would be the fastest way to separate a mixture of sand


and paper clips?
SPI 0307.9.2

21

use a magnet
evaporate the mixture
settle the mixture
filter the mixture

All of the following are living things EXCEPT

22

a
a
a
a

mineral.
clam.
tree.
cell.

A bobcats large paws act like snowshoes. A squirrel hides nuts in


the ground and in the holes of trees. What are these both
examples of?
SPI 0307.5.1

64

adaptations for winter


adaptations for summer
learned behaviors
physical traits

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.2.1

Name

23

Date

Diagnostic
Test 2

Look at the picture of a xylophone.

When struck, a short bar vibrates more quickly than a long bar.
What is true about the long bar when it is struck?

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.11.4

24

It has the same pitch as the short bar.


It has a lower pitch than the short bar.
It has a higher pitch than the short bar.
Its pitch depends how hard you strike it.

Sara heard a bell ring. Then the ringing became louder. What
changed the volume of the bell?
SPI 0307.11.3

25

The
The
The
The

frequency of the sound wave became shorter.


wavelength of the sound wave became shorter.
wavelength of the sound wave became larger.
amplitude of the sound wave became larger.

An ice cube melts. Which physical property changed?


SPI 0307.9.1

Grade 3

mass
shape
volume
color

Tennessee Test Preparation

65

Diagnostic
Test 2

26

Name

Date

All of the following can be used to help classify a rock EXCEPT


SPI 0307.7.2

27

kinds of minerals in it
hardness of rock
size of rock
size of grains

Which one of the following is an inherited characteristic?


SPI 0307.4.2

28

dancing skills
getting good grades
red hair
the ability to debate

Which tools have helped scientists learn about the planets and
their moons?
SPI 0307.T/E.1, SPI 0307.6.1

29

sonar and radar


telescopes and microscopes
satellites and microscopes
telescopes and satellites

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Dana wants to measure precipitation over the next several days.


Which tool should she use?
SPI 0307.8.1

66

a hygrometer
a barometer
a rain gauge
an anemometer

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Name

30

Diagnostic
Test 2

Date

A force is applied to an object. The object moves in a straight line


toward the west. Then a force is applied to the object toward the
north. How does the object move after the second force is
applied?
SPI 0307.11.1

31

It continues moving toward the north.


The second force makes the object come to a stop.
The object begins moving toward the northwest.
The object starts to move in a circle.

Which tool is used to measure air pressure?


SPI 0307.8.1

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

32

barometer
thermometer
wind vane
anemometer

Complete the sentence. Most fossils are not complete because


SPI 0307.5.3

33

people have collected some of the bones.


the dinosaurs were eaten by carnivores.
only the hard parts of plants and animals become fossils.
they were too old to last this long.

What do most living things need to survive?


SPI 0307.3.1

34

nutrients, salt, and plants


plants, space, and water
energy, water, and space
carbon dioxide and oxygen

Minnie wants to test how well different liquids conduct heat.


Which tool would be most helpful to her?
SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.10.2

Grade 3

thermometer
barometer
rain gauge
microscope
Tennessee Test Preparation

67

Diagnostic
Test 2

35

Name

Date

Look at the picture below.

The garbage here includes aluminum cans, glass bottles, a bicycle


tire, and newspapers. Which items can be recycled?

36

aluminum cans only


glass bottles and newspapers only
all of these items
newspapers and the bicycle tire only

What can keep a house warmer during the winter?


SPI 0307.10.2

68

circuit breakers
conductors
air conditioners
insulators

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.T/E.2, SPI 0307.7.4

Name

37

Diagnostic
Test 2

Date

Look at the table below. It shows some properties of two states


of matter.
Property

Liquid
Gas
shape of container
no denite shape
denite volume
no denite volume
sliding past one another

Shape
Volume
Particle Motion

Which one of the following best completes the table?


SPI 0307.9.1

38

definite volume
no definite volume
invisible
has an odor

Look at the table below. It shows natural and human-made


materials.

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Natural
water
rocks
?

Manmade
plastic
marbles
cement

Which one of the following completes the table?


SPI 0307.7.3

Grade 3

nylon
soil
steel
plastic wrap

Tennessee Test Preparation

69

Diagnostic
Test 2

39

Name

Date

Look at this picture of a fish fossil.

A scientist found several fossils like this one at the top of a


mountain. What is the best inference that can be made?
SPI 0307.5.3

40

Long ago, the fish swam up streams to the top of the mountain.
Campers dropped the fossils here.
Birds dropped fish here long ago.
The mountain was once low land with water on it.

To strum a guitar strongly, you need to use a lot of energy. How


would this affect the sound of the guitar?
SPI 0307.11.4

70

The
The
The
The

sound
sound
sound
sound

would
would
would
would

have a high pitch.


have a low pitch.
be loud.
be soft.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Name

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

41

Date

Diagnostic
Test 2

Look at this picture.

Gary wanted to cool off on a summer day. He filled a small pool


with cold water. After a few hours, the water felt warm. What
caused the water to get warmer?
SPI 0307.10.1

42

wind
the pool
the toy in the pool
the Sun

Which scientific discovery led to the invention of the light bulb?


SPI 0307.T/E.2

Grade 3

gravity
atomic theory
electricity
vibrating quartz crystals

Tennessee Test Preparation

71

Diagnostic
Test 2

Name

Date

Look at the picture of a food web. Use it to answer questions 43


and 44.

A Pond Food Web


bald eagle

grasshopper

muskrat

mallard duck

eastern
painted turtle

water snake

catfish
pond snail
crayfish

43

Which one of the following statements about this food web is


correct?

44

The
The
The
The

grass needs the animals to get energy.


grasshopper and pond snails get energy by eating grass.
muskrat eats the eagle for energy.
pond snails are eaten by all of the animals.

What might happen if the crayfish are removed from this


food web?
SPI 0307.3.2

45

The
The
The
The

water snakes would eat more turtles.


pond snails would have no food.
turtles would have no food.
catfish would eat pond snails.

Gas is a fuel that gives most cars the energy to move. Small cars
often use less gas than large cars. Why might this be so?
SPI 0307.11.2

72

Small cars have more mass than large cars.


Small cars have less mass than large cars.
Small cars have smaller gas tanks than large cars.
Large cars take up more room than small cars.

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

SPI 0307.3.2

Name

46

Date

Diagnostic
Test 2

The birds in a field eat the berries that grow there. One spring,
more berries than usual grew in the field. What most likely
happened to these birds?
SPI 0307.2.2

47

The
The
The
The

birds stopped eating berries.


birds gave birth to fewer chicks.
birds ate too many berries and got sick.
bird population grew in the area of the field.

What is one way that an animal might become endangered?


SPI 0307.5.2

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

48

The animal hibernates too long.


Its habitat is destroyed.
The plant it eats grows faster.
The animal has too many young.

Look at the picture of a plant.

SPI 0307.1.1

Which part of this plant takes in water?

Grade 3

leaves
roots
flowers
stem
Tennessee Test Preparation

73

Diagnostic
Test 2

49

Name

Date

Maya has a bowl of marbles, paper clips, erasers, and pens.


Which of these objects will most likely be drawn to a magnet?
SPI 0307.12.2

Look at the picture below.

What would make a sound with a lower pitch?


SPI 0307.11.3, 0307.11.3

51

striking
striking
striking
striking

a
a
a
a

thinner glass
thicker glass
glass with more force
glass with less force

Estella has a bar magnet and two paper clips. One paper clip is
made of plastic. The other one is made of steel. What will the
magnet most likely attract?
SPI 0307.12.2

74

the plastic paper clip


both paper clips
the steel paper clip
neither paper clip

Tennessee Test Preparation

Grade 3

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

50

marbles
paper clips
erasers
pens

Name

52

Diagnostic
Test 2

Date

You find a grayish rock near a stream. It has layers that look like
pages in a book. What kind of rock is it most likely to be?
SPI 0307.7.2

53

sedimentary
a tiny rock
metamorphic
igneous

Madori and Fernando are planning an experiment. They want to


find out how temperature affects different plants. What should
they do first?
SPI 0307.Inq.1, SPI 0307.3.1

Copyright Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

54

Reach a conclusion based on observations.


Ask questions and develope a hypothesis.
Construct a pie chart to present the information.
Communicate their findings to the class.

Which one of the following is a living thing?


SPI 0307.2.1

Grade 3

rock
tree
cloud
pencil

Tennessee Test Preparation

75