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TUGAS I

PERAWATAN PREDIKTIF
Measure for Condition Monitoring Equipment

Oleh:
Risdiyanto Edy Saputro
I0409044

JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN FAKULTAS TEKNIK


UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET
SURAKARTA
2014

Pendahuluan
Condition monitoring adalah proses pemantauan parameter kondisi mesin,
sehingga perubahan yang signifikan merupakan indikasi kegagalan berkembang.
Condition monitoring adalah komponen utama dari pemeliharaan prediktif.
Penggunaan condition monitoring memungkinkan pemeliharaan dijadwalkan,
atau tindakan lain yang harus diambil untuk menghindari konsekuensi kegagalan,
sebelum terjadi kegagalan. Namun demikian, penyimpangan dari nilai referensi
(misalnya suhu atau perilaku getaran) harus terjadi untuk mengidentifikasi kerusakan
menghambat. Pemeliharaan prediktif tidak memprediksi kegagalan.
Mesin dengan cacat lebih beresiko kegagalan dari mesin bebas cacat. Setelah
cacat telah diidentifikasi, proses kegagalan telah dimulai dan sistem condition
monitoring hanya dapat mengukur penurunan kondisi. Intervensi pada tahap awal
kerusakan biasanya jauh lebih efektif daripada memungkinkan mesin untuk gagal.
Condition monitoring memiliki manfaat unik karena beban yang sebenarnya,
dan disipasi panas berikutnya yang merupakan layanan normal dapat dilihat dan
kondisi yang akan memperpendek umur normal dapat ditangani sebelum kegagalan
berulang terjadi. Berguna mesin termasuk peralatan berputar dan pabrik stasioner
seperti boiler dan penukar panas.
Mengapa harus menggunakan metode Conditiom Monitoring? Ada beberapa
alasan kuat yang mendukungnya, antara lain:

Mesin semakin komplek dan dituntut kinerjanya dengan availabilitas yang tinggi;
Seringkali waktu yang tersedia untuk pemeliharaan dan perbaikan terlalu singkat;
Diperlukan kondisi siap pakai pada mesin dalam waktu panjang dan kontinyu;
Jadwal rencana pemeliharaan dan perbaikan memegang peran penting.
Membantu
menghindari
serta
mencegah
kehilangan
waktu
/
kesempatan (unscheduled downtime) yang tidak terencana dalam situasi hidup dan
mati.

Alat-alat Condition Monitoring


1. Temperatur
a. Infrared and Contact Thermometers Fluke 566

Product specifications
Infrared temperature
range

-40 C to 650 C (-40 F to 1202 F)

Infrared accuracy

< 0 C (32 F): (1.0 C ( 2.0 F) + 0.1/1


C or F);

Display resolution

0.1 C / 0.1 F

Infrared spectral
response

8 m to 14 m

Infrared response time

< 500 msec

Thermocouple Type-K
input temperature
range

-270 C to 1372 C (-454 F to 2501 F)

Laser sighting

Single-point laser < 1 mw output Class 2


(II) operation, 630 nm to 670 nm

Minimum spot size

19 mm (0.75 in)

Hi/Low alarms

Audible and two-color visual

Display

Dot matrix 98 x 96 pixels with function


menus

Power

2 AA/LR6 Batteries

Operating temperature

0 C to 50 C (32 F to 122 F)

Storage temperature

-20 C to 60 C (-40 F to 140 F)

Bead thermocouple

-40 C to 260 C (-40 F to 500 F)

Type-K range
Price

6.750.000 IDR

b. IRtek IR150 Dual Beam Infrared Thermometer

Product specifications
Measurement Range
Distance : Spot
Resolution
Accuracy

Emissivity
Response Time
Spectral Response
Laser Pointer
Sighting System
Thermocouple

Power
Size
Weight
Standard
Accessories

Optional
Accessories
Price

-60C ~ 1500C (-76F ~ 2732F)


50 : 1
0.1
1% for 15C ~ 35C
2% of reading or 2C whichever is
greater
adjustable 0.10 ~ 1.00
1s
8 ~ 14m
Single, Class II, up to 1mW
Dual beam laser to indicate true
diameter of meas. spot
K type
range: -64 C ~ 1400 C (-83.2F ~
2552F )
accuracy: 1% of reading or 1C
(1.8F ) whichever is
greater
2 x 1.5V (AAA battery)
203x47x197mm
386.1g
Hard Case, Instruction Manual,
Batteries, Warranty Card,
Certificate of Product Conformance, Soft
Pouch
Thermocouple Probe
(penetration/air/surface),
Calibration Certificate
9.190.000 IDR

c. Krisbow KW06-656 Infrared Thermometer Dual Laser

Product specifications

Measurement Range

-50 to 1600 Celcius

Model
Weight (kg)
Dimension (LxWxH) (mm)
IR Temperature Non-contact (C)
IR Temperature Non-contact (F)
Basic Accuracy

KW06-656
0.4
204x155x52
-50 to 1600
-58 to 2912
1.0% Of reading

Max Resolution (C)

Emissivity
Field of View
Respon Time (Sec)
Price

0.1-1
50:1
Less Than 0.15
7.300.000 IDR

2. Tekanan
a. Absolute Pressure Meter VA8070

Product specifications
Display

6 digits LCD Display

Pa, hPa, mbar, mmH2O,


Parameters(absolute/barometric) mmHg,inHG, inH2O,
psi
Resolution
0.1 hPa, 0.1 inH2O
3001,200 hPa, 120.4
Range
481.8 inH2O
Accuracy
3.0hPa, 1.2 inH2O
18.0?~28.0?,
Basic conditions
Humidity<80%
Sample rate
1 time /sec
Auto power off
about 20 minutes
0? ~ 50?(32?~122?)?0 ~
Operating environment
80%RH
-20? ~ 60?(-4?~140?)?0
Storage environment
~ 80%RH
Price
1.530.000 IDR

b. Mitutoyo Bore Gauge

Product specifications
Display

6 digits LCD Display

Model
Range(mm)
Accuracy(m)
Graduation(mm)
Repeatability(m)
Dial Indicator Type
Probe Depth(mm)
Price

511-713/511-174
50-150
5m
0.01mm
2m
2046SB
150mm
2.683.700 IDR

c. Lutron PS-9302 Pressure Adapter

Product specifications
Measuring units

psi, bar, kg/cm2, in/Hg,


mm/Hg, meter/wc,
in/wc and atmosphere

30, 75, 150, 300, 725,


1450 and 5800 psi
Auto power off
about 20 minutes
Data Hold
Min/Max recall
serial interface
RS232
Zero function for offset correction
Push-button transducer selection
SW-U801-WIN
Software, UPCB-01 RSOptions
232 Cable and USB-01
USB Cable
Price
2.175.000 IDR
Range tranducer

3. Getaran
a. Vibration Meter HoldPeak HP-63B

Product specifications
Measuring accuracy

Vibration pickup
Resolution
Operating temperature range
Operating humidity range

Static output

Range of acceleration
Range of velocity
Measurement frequency
LCD dispiay
Battery Type
Weight
Dimension
Price

5%H2digits
Piezoelectric
ceramic accelerometer
(shear-type)
0.1 hPa, 0.1 inH2O
0~40
30~90%RH
AC output 2V
peak( dispiay full scale)
load impedance 10k or
more earphones can be
connected
0.1~199.9m/s
0.1~199.9mm/s rms
10HZ~1KHZ(LO)
3.5 digits dispiay
9V(6F22)*1
147g
183x67x30mm
4.800.000 IDR

b. Lutron Pen Vibration Meter PVB 820

Product specifications
Function

Acceleration, Velocity

Velocity
Acceleration
Frequency
Meet ISO2954
Data hold

200 mm/s, 20.00 cm/s


200 m/s2, 20.00 G
10 Hz to 1 KHz

Memory

max., min

Price

3.817.500 IDR

c. Lutron VB-8213 Vibration Meter

Product specifications
Display
Measurement
Function

Frequency
range
Circuit
Data hold
Peak
measurement

Price

52 mm x 38 mm, LCD display.


16 mm (0.63") digit size.
With bar graph indicator.
Velocity, Acceleration, Displacement
Main
RMS, Peak, Max. Hold.
Data hold, Max. & Min.
Others
value
Data logger.
10 Hz to 1 KHz
* Sensitivity relative during the
the frequency range meet ISO 2954
Refer to table 1, page 19.
Exclusive microcomputer circuit.
Freeze the desired reading.
To measure the peak value.
To measure and update
Max. hold
the max. peak
measurement
value.
6.250.000 IDR

4. Suara
a. Digital Sound Level Meter MASTECH MS6701

Product specifications
Measurement range:

30dB~130dB

Accuracy:

2dB

Resolution:

0.1dB

Display:

31/2 digitals

Sample rate:

2 times/s

Frequency range:

30Hz~8KHz

Memory function:

16000 records

Over range Indication:

UNDER or OVER
AC 0.707 Vrms at full
range for each level,

Auxilitary output:

impedance 600 DC
10mV/dB, impedance
100

Battery voltage:

61.5VAAA

Price

1.890.000 IDR

b. Digital Sound Level Meter MS6708

Product specifications
Counts
Range
Accuracy
Resolution
Sampling rate
Data Hold
Unit
Back light
Low battery indication
Over range indication

1999
30dB~130dB
2dB (30Hz ~ 8kHz)
0.1dB
Fast 4times/s,Slow 1 tim
s/s

dB/Sone

UNDERor OVER

AUTO RANGE or manual range


Fast or slow mode selected
Max Value
Power supply
Dimension
Price

4x1.5V AAA
193mmx60mmx29mm
1.690.000IDR

c. Tenmars TM-103 Sound Level Meter

Product specifications

Frequency Weighting
Time Weighting

maximum reading of
2000
30dB to 130dB, LO
30dB to 80dB, MED
50dB to 100dB, and HI
80dB to 130dB
1.5dB (ref 94dB) at
1kHz.

0.1dB
Electret condenser
microphone
A and C
FAST, SLOW

Frequency Range

30Hz to 8kHz

Dynamic Range
Auto Ranging
Auto Power Off
Data Hold
Weight (including battery):
Dimensions
Price

50dB

290 gr
200 x 55 x 38 (mm)
3.365.000IDR

Counts

Range

Accuracy
Backlit display
Resolution
Microphone

Penutup
Kunci untuk program sukses condition monitoring meliputi:
Mengetahui apa yang harus didengar
Bagaimana menafsirkannya
Kapan ilmu ini digunakan
Berhasil menggunakan

program ini memungkinkan

perbaikan

masalah

komponen sebelum kegagalan. Condition monitoring tidak hanya membantu personil


pabrik meminimalisir kemungkinan terjadi kegagalan, tetapi juga memungkinkan
mereka untuk menjadwalkan tenaga kerja dan merencanakan perbaikan selama
pemberhentian.