Anda di halaman 1dari 11

1.

4 Scientific Investigation

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

Form 4 COPYRIGHT BY

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 1
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOH

1. 4 Scientific Investigation
1.4 Scientific Invetigation

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 2
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 3
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 4
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 5
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 6
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 7
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation
SAMPLE QUESTION
A Section B question looks typically like this

Figure 1(a)

Figure 1(b)
Figure 1(a) shows a small car stopping suddenly after moving at constant speed of 80 km hr when the driver sees
the landslide in front of him on the road.
Figure 1(b) shows a big truck that was moving at the same speed, but is not able to stop at a safe distance when the
driver sees the landslide.
-1

Based on the above observations:


(a) State one suitable inference that can be made.
[1 mark]
(b) State one appropriate hypothesis for an investigation.
[1 mark]
(c) Describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. Choose appropriate apparatuses such as a jigsaw
blade, plasticine, and other suitable apparatus. In your description, state clearly the following:
(i) Aim of the experiment
(ii) Variables in the experiment
(iii) List of apparatus and materials
(iv) Arrangement of the apparatus
(v) The procedure of the experiment which includes the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the
method of measuring the responding variable
(vi) Way you would tabulate the data
(vii) Way you would analyse the data
[10 marks]
PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 8
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation
SAMPLE ANSWER
(a) Inference: Mass affects its inertia
(b) Hypothesis: The greater the mass of an object, the greater its inertia
(c) (i) Aim of the experiment: To study the relationship between the mass of an object and its inertia
(ii) Variables:
Manipulated: Mass of plasticine
Responding: Inertia OR period of oscillation
Constant: Stiffness of jigsaw blade OR distance of plasticine ball to clamp
(iii) Apparatus/Materials: Jigsaw blade, G-clamp, stopwatch, and plasticine spheres of mass 20 g, 40 g, 60 g, 80
g, and 100 g

(iv) Arrangement of apparatus:

(v) Procedure:
1. The experiment is setup as shown above.
2. A 20.0 g plasticine sphere is fixed at the free end of the blade.
3. The free end of the blade is displaced horizontally and released so that it oscillates. The time for 10 complete
oscillations is measured using a stopwatch.
t
The period of oscillation is calculated using .T= 10

4. The experiment is repeated using plasticine spheres of masses 40.0 g, 60.0 g, 80.0 g, and 100.0 g.

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 9
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)

1. 4 Scientific Investigation

(vi) Tabulation of data:

PREPARED BY JJ MRLEON
Page 10
COPYRIGHT BY SUPER EDUCATION GROUP (JOHOR JAYA)