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5.62 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.

62
is in. thick and is made of SAE 4340 heattreated steel (see Appendix D for properties).
Determine the maximum safe load P if a
factor of safety of 2 with respect to failure by
yield is specified.
Fig. P5.62

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

132 ksi
= 66 ksi
2

Fillet:
D 3.0 in.
=
= 1.5
d 2.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

r 0.4 in.
=
= 0.2
d 2.0 in.

(66 ksi)(2.0 in.)(0.25 in.)


= 19.19 kips
1.72

Hole:
d 0.5 in.
=
= 0.1667
w 3.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

K t 1.72
(a)

K t 2.48

(66 ksi)(3.0 in. 0.5 in.)(0.25 in.)


= 16.63 kips
2.48

Controlling Load:
The hole controls in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 16.63 kips

(b)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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5.63 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.63 is


10 mm thick and is made of cold-rolled 18-8
stainless steel (see Appendix D for
properties). Determine the maximum safe
load P if a factor of safety of 1.5 with respect
to failure by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.63

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

1,138 MPa
= 758.67 MPa
1.5

Small Hole:
d 16 mm
=
= 0.1
w 160 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

(758.67 N/mm 2 )(160 mm 16 mm)(10 mm)


= 416,979 N = 417 kN
2.62

Large Hole:
d 64 mm
=
= 0.4
w 160 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

K t 2.62

(a)

K t 2.20

(758.67 N/mm 2 )(160 mm 64 mm)(10 mm)


= 331, 056 N = 331 kN
2.20

Controlling Load:
The large hole controls in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 331 kN

(b)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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5.64 A 1/8-in.-thick by 4-in.-wide steel bar is


transmitting an axial tensile load of 500
pounds. After the load is applied, a 1/64-in.diameter hole is drilled through the bar, as
shown in Fig. P5.64.
(a) Determine the stress at point A (on the
edge of the hole) in the bar before and after
the hole is drilled.
(b) Does the axial stress at point B on the
edge of the bar increase or decrease as the
hole is drilled? Explain.

Fig. P5.64

Solution
(a) Stress at point A:
Before hole is drilled:
P
500 lb
A = =
= 1, 000 psi
A (4 in.)(0.125 in.)

After hole is drilled:


d 1/ 64-in.
=
= 0.003906
w
4 in.

A =

Ans.

Kt 3

PK t
(500 lb)(3)
=
= 3, 010 psi
(4 in. 1/ 64-in.)(0.125 in.)
At

Ans.

(b) Stress at point B:


The axial stress at point B decreases. Since the average stress changes very little with the introduction
of the small hole and since the stress at A is larger than the average stress, the axial stress far from the
hole must be less than the average stress.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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5.65 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.65 is


200 mm wide by 25 mm thick and is made of
2014-T4 aluminum (see Appendix D for
properties). Determine the maximum safe
load P if a factor of safety of 2.25 with
respect to failure by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.65

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

290 MPa
= 128.89 MPa
2.25

Hole:
d
80 mm
=
= 0.4
w 200 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

(128.89 N/mm 2 )(200 mm 80 mm)(25 mm)


=
= 175, 759 N = 175.8 kN
2.20

Notches:
r 25 mm
=
= 0.25
b 100 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

K t 2.20

d 50 mm
=
=2
r 25 mm

K t 1.95

(128.89 N/mm 2 )(100 mm)(25 mm)


= 165, 244 N = 165.2 kN
1.95

Controlling Load:
The notches control in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 165.2 kN

(a)

(b)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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5.66 The machine part shown in Fig.


P5.66 is -in.thick and is made of
structural steel (see Appendix D for
properties). Determine the maximum
safe load P if a factor of safety of 3
with respect to failure by yield is
specified.

Fig. P5.66

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

36 ksi
= 12 ksi
3

Fillets:
D 4.0 in.
=
=2
d 2.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

r 1.0 in.
=
= 0.5
d 2.0 in.
=

(12 ksi)(2.0 in.)(0.25 in.)


= 4.29 kips
1.40

Hole:
d 0.75 in.
=
= 0.1875
w 4.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

allow At
Kt

(a)

K t 2.45

(12 ksi)(4.0 in. 0.75 in.)(0.25 in.)


= 3.98 kips
2.45

Notches:
r 0.375 in.
=
= 0.3
b 1.25 in.

Pallow =

K t 1.40

d 0.375 in.
=
=1
r 0.375 in.

K t 1.83

(12 ksi)(1.25 in.)(0.25 in.)


= 2.05 kips
1.83

Controlling Load:
The notches control in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 2.05 kips

(b)

(c)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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5.67 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.67


is 20 mm thick, is made of AISI 1020 coldrolled steel (see Appendix D for properties),
and is subjected to a tensile load of P = 100
kN. Determine the minimum radius r that
can be used between the two sections if a
factor of safety of 2 with respect to failure
by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.67

Solution
allow =
Kt =

yield
FS

allow At
Pallow

427 MPa
= 213.5 MPa
2

(213.5 N/mm 2 )(40 mm)(20 mm)


= 1.708
100, 000 N

D 80 mm
=
=2
d 40 mm
Then, from Fig. 5.15
r
r
=
= 0.25
d 40 mm

rmin = 10 mm

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

5.68 The -in.-thick bar with semicircular


(d/r = 1) edge grooves, shown in Fig. P5.68,
is made of structural steel (see Appendix D
for properties) and will be subjected to an
axial tensile load P of 10 kips. Determine the
minimum safe width B for the bar if a factor
of safety of 1.8 with respect to failure by
yield must be maintained.

Fig. P5.68

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

36 ksi
= 20 ksi
1.8

Edge Grooves:
d
=1
r
A (20 ksi)(0.5 in.)b
K t = allow t =
=b
10 kips
P
r 0.5 in.
=
b
b

Kt
=1
b
0.5 in.
b =
r /b

1.3
1.2

From Fig. 5.13

0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35

Kt

0.5 in.
b=
r /b

Kt
b

2.02
1.92
1.85
1.75

2.500
2.000
1.667
1.429

0.808
0.960
1.110
1.225

1.1
Kt/b

r
b

1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

r/b

From plot at a value of K t / b = 1, r / b 0.265.


r
0.5 in.
=
= 1.887 in.
0.265 0.265
B = b + 1 in. = 1.887 in. + 1 in. = 2.89 in.

b=

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

5.69 The stepped bar with a circular hole,


shown in Fig. P5.69, is made of annealed 188 stainless steel (see Appendix D for
properties). The bar is 25 mm thick and will
be subjected to an axial tensile load P of 125
kN. Determine the minimum safe width D for
the bar if a factor of safety of 2 with respect
to failure by yield must be maintained.

Fig. P5.69

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

248 MPa
= 124 MPa
2

Hole:

allow = K t
124 N/mm 2 =

P
At

K t (125, 000 N)
( D 30 mm)(25 mm)

d d 30 mm
= =
D w
w

Kt
= 0.02480 mm 1
( D 30 mm)

D = w =

30 mm
d /w
0.06000
0.05000

d
w

w=D

Kt

Kt
D 30 mm

0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10

75 mm
100 mm
150 mm
300 mm

2.20
2.30
2.42
2.62

0.048889
0.032857
0.020167
0.009704

Kt/(D- 30)

From Fig. 5.14

0.04000
0.03000
0.02000
0.01000
0.00000
0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

d/w

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From plot at a value of


w=

Kt
= 0.02480 mm 1 , d / w 0.25.
( D 30 mm)

d
30 mm
=
= 120 mm
d /w
0.25

(a)

Fillet:
r 16 mm
=
= 0.25
d 64 mm
A (124 N/mm 2 )(64 mm)(25 mm)
K t = allow t =
1.6
P
125,000 N

From Fig. 5.15,


D / d = 1.5
D = 1.5(64 mm) = 96 mm
Controlling Plate Width:
The hole controls; therefore,
Dmin = 120 mm

(b)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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