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PROJECT in Electric Circuits 1

(Multisim Simulations and Analysis)

Submitted by:
Louis Adrian V. dela Rosa
ELCIAN1 EM

Submitted to:
Prof. Edwin Sybingco
ECE Department

1. For the circuit shown below, determine the following using the simulation
a. The voltage v 3
b. Power delivered by the 5V and 3V sources
c. Power absorbed by the 1 resistor

Simulation (through NI Multisim 13.0):

a) Using the Multimeter from the Multisim software, the value of voltage
the resistor

R4

is v 3=2.624 V .

By Mesh Analysis:

v3

across

To solve for v 3 , we use mesh analysis:

By Mesh Analysis, solving for V 3 gives V 3=2.624 V .


V 3 %difference

V simulation V calculated 2.624 V 2.624 V


=
100 =0.
V simulation
2.624 V

Voltage (Volts, V)

NI Multisim 13.0
2.624

Mesh Analysis
2.624

% difference
0.000%

b) The power delivered by the

5V

and

3V

sources are acquired using the

Wattmeter in the Multisim software:

Power delivered by 5 V source: 36.733 W


Power delivered by 3V source: 16.129 W
From the previous solution (section 1.a),
currents i 2 and i 1 are obtained.
P3 V =V 3 V I 1

3 5.3766

P3 V =16.129 W
P5 V =V 5 V I 2

5 7.347

P5 V =36.733 W
P3 V

%difference=

P simulation Pcalculated 16.12916.129


=
100 =0 .
Psimulation
16.129
P5 V

%difference 0 .

P3 V
(Watts, W)
P5 V

NI
Multisim
13.0
16.129

Mesh
Analysis

%
difference

16.129

0.000%

36.733

36.733

0.000%

(Watts, W)

c) Using the Multisim software, the power absorbed by the 1 -resistor:


a. On Mesh 1 is PR =28.904 W
1

b. On Mesh 3 is

PR =6.884 W .
4

From the acquired currents, we can solve for


the power absorbed by the 1 resistor
by using

P=I R .

P1 ,i =28.904 W
1

P1 ,i =6.884 W
3

P1 ,i

(Watts, W)
P1 ,i
3

NI
Multisim
13.0
28.904

Mesh
Analysis

%
difference

28.904

0.000%

6.884

6.884

0.000%

(Watts, W)

2. Create a simulation that will display the voltage across the capacitor shown below. In the
circuit switch A opens, switch B closes and vice versa. The switching happens every
400msec.

From the Multisim Software:

Two pulse voltage sources are used to control the two voltage-controlled switches A and
B to alternately open switches A and B every 400 ms .

Using an Agilent Oscilloscope, the voltage across the capacitor is displayed as follows.

These images show the graphs of the behavior of the voltage across the 10-mF capacitor
every 400ms; left showing 500ms per division, and right showing 200ms per division.
The assumed behavior is to follow that the rising of the voltage is when switch A is open
and switch B is closed, while the falling of the voltage is when switch A is closed and
switch B is open. The falling of the voltage is because of the addition of a 10-
resistor. It is believed that the 9A-current source does not affect the circuit here.
When switch A is open and switch B is closed, the voltage after a 400ms duration is
shown to be V C =20.97 V, and is approaching to a steady state of 21 V. But, when
switch A is closed and switch B is open, the voltage after a 400ms duration is shown to be
V C =12.35 V, approaching to a steady state of 12.35 V.

Through Analysis:

Assuming the capacitor is fully charged, the capacitor acts like an open circuit.
Getting the Thevenins Equivalent Circuit across the capacitor, the Thevenins Equivalent
Voltages when:
a. A is open and B is closed:
V s=21V
b. B is open and A is closed:
V s=12.35294118

We use the equation of the complete response of the voltage across the capacitor.
When A is open and B is closed: v ( 400 ms ) =20.9714 V
When B is open and A is closed: v ( 400 ms ) =12.3535V

The graph of the behavior of the voltage across the capacitor is shown above.

3. Create a simulation that will determine the voltage v x (t) and i x (t) . Also, determine
the average power and reactive power supplied by the source. Also determine the power
factor seen by the source.

=20 rad/s
rad
20
s
f=
=3.183098862 Hz
2 rad
Multisim Rendition:

1. Measuring v x and i x

to get v x (t) and i x (t) .

a. Using the Agilent Oscilloscope:

V peak =1.14 V
V rms =803.17 mV

Using an Agilent Multimeter:


b. To measure voltage:

V rms =802.967 mV

c. The Agilent Multimeter is used to measure the current:

I rms =802.968 mA

d. Acquiring the phase angle by measuring the difference in time.

dX=10.6ms

= T frequency 360
10.6 ms

20
360
2

=12.14670526
i ( t )=1.14 cos (20 t+12.1467 )

v ( t )=1.14 cos (20 t+12.1467 )

Wattmeter:

Pave =2.885 W
Power factor = cos =0.99838
2.885
Q=
sin (cos1 0.99838)= 164.417 mVAR
0.99838

Through analysis:

Convert from Y

( depends on angle).

The circuit is simplified into acquiring the equivalent circuit with respect to the 4V AC source.

Through analysis and calculation:


v x ( t )=1. 1346 cos ( 20 t +12.1644)
i x ( t )=1. 1 346 cos(20 t +12.1644)

Through analysis and computation:


Power factor: cos =cos (3.24621757 )=0.998395411
Pave =2.888228471W
Q=167 . 27773mVAR

Summary:
v x (t)

Multisim
1.14 cos (20 t +12.1467 )

Analysis
1.1 346 cos ( 20 t+12.1644 )

% difference
0.47368421%

i x (t)

1.14 cos (20 t +12.1467 )

1.1 346 cos (20 t+12.1644 )

0.47368421%

12.1467

12.1644

0.14571859%

Pave

2.885 W

2.888228471W

0.111905407%

164.417 mVAR

167.27773 mVAR

1.739923487%

cos

0.99838

0.998395411

0.0015436%