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Ch.

25 Part I: Thermal Energy

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

A group of science students take a class trip to a coastal area to learn more about heat energy and heat transfer
concepts. Choose the primary type of heat transfer that occurs in the situations that follow. If heat transfer is
not responsible for the situation that is described, choose letter d, “No heat transfer took place.”

____ 1. The beach ball did not sink when thrown into the water.
a. Conduction
b. Convection
c. Radiation
d. No heat transfer took place.
____ 2. A cool breeze blows off the water.
a. Conduction
b. Convection
c. Radiation
d. No heat transfer takes place.
____ 3. A student burned his finger on a hot charcoal grill.
a. Conduction
b. Convection
c. Radiation
d. No heat transfer took place.
____ 4. Several students lie in the sun to warm up.
a. Conduction
b. Convection
c. Radiation
d. No heat transfer took place.
____ 5. The sand on the beach felt very hot on the students’ bare feet.
a. Conduction
b. Convection
c. Radiation
d. No heat transfer takes place.
____ 6. Heat can be defined as the:
a. average kinetic energy of the molecules of an object.
b. amount of thermal energy an object contains.
c. average temperature of a substance.
d. flow of thermal energy from one object to another object.
____ 7. An object is a good emitter of radiation if it is:
a. a good transmitter.
b. a good reflector.
c. a good absorber.
d. white in color.
____ 8. The type of heat transfer called convection happens as a result of:
a. electromagnetic waves.
b. the direct contact of particles in a substance.
c. the actual motion of a fluid in the form of currents.
d. All of the above
____ 9. Which of the following temperature scales is used by most of the world’s citizens?
a. Fahrenheit
b. Roemer
c. Celsius
d. Kelvin
____ 10. Conduction is the transfer of thermal energy due to:
a. direct contact of particles of matter.
b. differences in density.
c. the force of buoyancy.
d. electromagnetic radiation.
____ 11. Temperature is a measure of:
a. average kinetic energy of the molecules of a substance.
b. thermal energy due to potential interactions between molecules.
c. thermal energy due to the nuclear interactions between all of the molecules in an object.
d. total kinetic energy due to the motions of all the molecules in an object.
____ 12. Which of the following is NOT a unit of heat energy?
a. Calories
b. Joules
c. Newtons
d. Btu’s

Specific Heats of Some Common Substances


Substance Specific Heat in calories/gram °Celsius
water 1.00
ethanol 0.584
aluminum 0.215
gold 0.031
Table 9-1A
Refer to Table 9-1A to answer the following questions.

____ 13. 20 grams of each of the substances in Table 9-1A is heated from a temperature of 50 degrees Celsius to a
temperature of 65 degrees Celsius. The one containing the smallest quantity of thermal energy is:
a. water.
b. ethanol.
c. aluminum.
d. gold.
____ 14. The temperature of 500. grams of ethanol is increased by 5.00° Celsius. Based on Table 9-1A, the increase in
the thermal energy of the ethanol is:
a. 0.00068 calories
b. 5.00 calories
c. 292 calories
d. 1460 calories
____ 15. Suppose you add the same amount of thermal energy to one gram of each of the following substances. Based
on Table 9-1A, which would undergo the largest change in temperature?
a. water
b. ethanol
c. aluminum
d. gold
____ 16. If you hold a paper cup containing hot chocolate in your hand, thermal energy:
a. does not flow.
b. flows from the air to the hot chocolate.
c. flows from the hot chocolate to your hand.
d. flows from your hand to the hot chocolate.
____ 17. Ellen wants to raise the temperature of the water in a small child’s wading pool. Which of the following
would be the best way to do this, and why?
a. Use a cup of boiling water, because its molecules are moving fast.
b. Use a large bucket of hot water, because it contains a large amount of thermal energy.
c. Use a cup of slightly warm water, because it contains a large amount of thermal energy.
d. Add water of any temperature, because any additional water will raise the temperature.
____ 18. Due to its large mass, an iceberg contains more thermal energy than a hot cup of coffee. If a cup of coffee is
placed in thermal contact with an iceberg:
a. energy flows from the iceberg to the cup of coffee.
b. energy flows from the cup of coffee to the iceberg.
c. energy flows in both directions.
d. there is no exchange of energy.
____ 19. The type of heat transfer that can occur in a vacuum (without matter) is called:
a. insulation.
b. conduction.
c. convection.
d. radiation.
____ 20. The Fahrenheit scale is divided into 180 degrees from the freezing point of water to the boiling point. For the
Celsius scale, the same range is divided into 100 degrees. If a change of 27 degrees takes place on the Fahren-
heit scale, from 3 degrees to 30 degrees for example, on the Celsius scale this represents a change of:
a. 3 degrees.
b. 15 degrees.
c. 27 degrees.
d. 30 degrees.
____ 21. Which of the following is NOT a good insulator?
a. A pocket of air
b. Foam packing material
c. A down jacket
d. Copper wire
____ 22. One liter of water at 10° Celsius is added to one liter at 80° Celsius. What is the final temperature of the mix-
ture?
a. 10° Celsius
b. 45° Celsius
c. 75° Celsius
d. 90° Celsius
____ 23. Water boils at a temperature of:
a. 0º Fahrenheit.
b. 32º Fahrenheit.
c. 100° Celsius.
d. 212º Celsius.
____ 24. Average normal human body temperature measured in degrees Fahrenheit is closest to:
a. 37 degrees.
b. 68 degrees.
c. 99 degrees.
d. 212 degrees.
____ 25. When thermal energy flows, it raises the temperature of some substances more than others. This temperature
difference occurs because the substances have different:
a. specific heat values.
b. latent heat values.
c. dew points.
d. equilibrium points.
____ 26. When you put ice in a drink to cool it off,
a. coldness is transferred from the ice to the warmer drink.
b. heat is transferred from the warmer drink to the cooler ice.
c. heat from the ice is lost to the warmer liquid around it.
d. the ice cracks and releases cold air molecules which cool off the drink.
____ 27. Which formula represents the law of conservation of energy?
a.
b.
c.
d.
____ 28. The amount of thermal energy stored in an object depends on:
a. the mass of the object.
b. the temperature of the object.
c. the amount of energy that the particular material stores per degree of temperature.
d. The amount of thermal energy depends on all of the above.
____ 29. Factories often use circulating water systems to cool large machines. The best reason to use water as a coolant
is because water:
a. is a small molecule.
b. is a fluid.
c. is an excellent heat conductor.
d. has a high specific heat.
Ch. 25 Part I: Thermal Energy
Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.3


2. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
3. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
4. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
5. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
6. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
7. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
8. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
9. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
10. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
11. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
12. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
13. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
14. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
15. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
16. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
17. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
18. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
19. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
20. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
21. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.3
22. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
23. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
24. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.1
25. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
26. DIF: intermediate REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
27. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
28. DIF: basic REF: chapter 25, section 25.2
29. DIF: advanced REF: chapter 25, section 25.2