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Name Eric Yang

Date 10/10/15

Pd 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Physics of Fun Weekly Practice Problems Week 3


1. A mass is oscillating up and down on a spring. Below is a graph of its vertical position as a
function of time.
Crest

Amplitude

Period = 30 - 10 = 20 seconds

Trough

a. Label on diagram and determine the (i) amplitude, (ii) period and (iii) wavelength.

b. Label a crest and a trough.

c. What is the amplitude at 8 seconds?


5 units

d. At what times is the mass momentarily at rest? How do you know?


Whenever the velocity(derivative) of the equation is at 0. AKA whenever there is a crest or trough, so t = 5, 10,
15, 20, etc.

2. Reread the difference between transverse and longitudinal waves. For each of the following
types of waves, tell what type it is and why. (Include a sketch for each.)
sound waves Longditudinal
water waves in the wake of a boat Transverse
a vibrating string on a guitar Transverse
a swinging jump rope Transverse
the vibrating surface of a drum Transverse
the wave done by spectators at a sports event Transverse
slowly moving traffic jams Longditudinal

3. The Sun tends to have dark, Earth-sized spots on its surface due to kinks in its magnetic field.
The number of visible spots varies over the course of years. Use the graph of the sunspot cycle
below to answer the following questions. (Note that this is real data from our sun, so it doesnt
look like a perfect sine wave. What you need to do is estimate the best sine wave that fits this
data.)

a. Estimate the period in years.


f = 24 crests/250 years = 1 crest/10 years, t = 1/f = 10 years/crest

b.

When do we expect the next solar maximum? What term would be used on a wave for
the solar maximum?
We should expect a solar maximum at 2009 and 2019. We can use the term "crest" or "maximum" for the solar maximums.

4. Noise-cancelling headphones are useful for listening to music on noisy airplane flights
they cancel out the background sound on the plane. Theyre also used by jackhammer
operators to protect their ears. To be used properly the headphones briefly sample the
background sound, then the noise cancelling comes on. Explain why this sampling is
necessary and how the headphones work. Do a little research online if necessary to
answer this question.
It basically picks up sound waves using an ambient microphone, and sends out a wave in response w/ the
same frequency, wavelength, speed, etc that causes destructive interference (wave is flipped 180 degrees).
The waves are hence cancelled, causing for the user to not hear any background noise. We still hear people
speaking because the wavelengths/frequency are different every second, so it is hard to cancel out those
sound waves.

If this is the noise being produced, draw what the noise-cancelling headphones would
produce below.