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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANIK.K.

Birla Goa Campus


INSTRUCTION DIVISION
SECOND SEMESTER 2015 2016
Course Handout part II
In addition to part I (General Handout for all courses appended to the time table) this
portion gives further specific details regarding the course.
Course no:
Course Title:
Instructor in charge:
Instructors:

ME F341
PRIME MOVERS AND FLUID MACHINES
SANDESH CHOUGULE
Sandesh S. Chougule, Ranjit Patil, Mahesh Dasar

1. Scope and Objective of the Course:


The Course is intended to familiarize the students with theoretical analysis of energy
conversion devices. The focus will be on discussion of working principles, selection
criterion and design considerations as well as performance and application aspects of
turbo-machines. Some of the reciprocating machines such as will also be discussed.
2. Text books:
TB1: MS Soni, Prime Movers and Fluid Machines, EDD Notes.
TB2: Mechanical Engineering Group; Laboratory manual Prime Movers and
Fluid Machines; Educational Development Division, BITS Pilani K.K. Birla Goa
Campus.
Reference Books:
RB1: Agarwal S K; Fluid Mechanics and Machinery; Tata Mc-Graw Hill
publishing company limited, New Delhi; 1997.
RB2: Kadambi V & Manohar Prasad; An Introduction to Energy Conversion
Volume III; New Age International (P) limited; 1977.
RB3: Gorla and Khan, Turbo-Machines, CRC Press, New Delhi. (Taylor and
Francis)
3. Course plan:
Lect.
Topics to be covered
No.
Principles of turbo machines; Classification; Energy
1
exchange in turbo machines.
2
3-4
5-7

Elements of hydroelectric power plant; Concepts of Head


and efficiency.
Hydraulic impulse turbines-Pelton Turbine: Construction,
working and analysis.
Hydraulic reaction turbines- Francis Turbine:
Construction, working and analysis.

Chapter/section
/Book
Class notes;
Chapter 1 TB1;
Chapter 1 RB2
Chapter 4 of TB
1
Chapter 5 TB1;
Chapter 13 RB1.
Chapter 6 TB1;
Chapter 13 RB1

Lect.
No.
8-10
11-12

13-14
15-17

18-20

21
22-23
24-26
27-29

30-31
32-33
34-35
36-37

Topics to be covered
Draft tube theory; Methods of governing the hydraulic
turbines
Hydraulic reaction turbines- Kaplan Turbine:
Construction, working and analysis Application of
aerofoil theory
Characteristic curves for Hydraulic turbines and pumps;
Selection of turbines; Model testing of turbines;
Dimensionless numbers: Discharge number, Head
number and Power number;
Reciprocating pumps; Methods of analysis; Acceleration
and friction effects; Effect of using air vessels.
Centrifugal pumps; Classification; Basic equations of
analysis; Curvature of blades; Velocity triangles;
Characteristic curves and effect of series and parallel
arrangement of multiple pumps; Model testing of
turbines.
Other water lifting devices: jet pumps, Pulso meter
pump, Hydraulic Ram, Gear Pump, Pressure intensifier
Reciprocating compressors; Classification; Multi stage
compression with inter cooling
Centrifugal compressor; Slip in centrifugal compressors;
Stagnation values in centrifugal compressors;
Axial flow compressors: Cascade flow; Velocity
triangles; Work done and Degree of reaction, Numerical
examples.
Steam nozzles; Critical pressure ratio & maximum
discharge; effect of nozzle efficiency; meta stable flow of
steam in nozzles; effect of super saturation; numerical
examples
Steam Impulse turbines; Concept of compounding of
steam turbines; velocity diagrams of moving blades.
Steam reaction turbines; degree of reaction; stage
efficiency; turbine efficiency & reheat factor; losses in
steam turbines; governing, Numerical examples.
Gas turbines; elementary design; gas turbine blading;
Numerical examples. (Blade material and other aspects to
be covered in Power Plant Engineering)

Chapter/section
/Book
Chapter 8, 15
TB1;
Chapter 13 RB1
Chapter 7 TB1;
Chapter 13 RB1
Chapter 3, 9, 15
of TB1; Class
notes.
Chapter 11 TB1;
Chapter 14 RB1.
Chapter 12 TB1;
Chapter 14 RB1

Chapter 13 and
16 of TB 1
Section 15.1 to
15.3 of RB1
Section 15.4 of
RB1; Chapter 5
of RB2.
Section 15.5 of
RB1; Chapter 5
of RB2.
Chapter 2 TB1;
Chapter 3 RB2.
Chapter 3 TB1:
Chapter 4 RB2.
Chapter 3 TB1;
Chapter 4 RB2.
Chapter 4 TB1

4. Self study assignments:


Self study assignments will be given to the students. Some of the assignments as a sample
are listed below. Student is expected to make use of resources in library, internet as well
as scientific journals.
5. Evaluation Scheme:
Component
Test I
Test II

Time
Refer to Time
Table
Refer to Time
Table

Marks
60
60

Date
February 22,
2016
March 28, 2016

Lab performance
with Viva and
Continuous
Continuous
45
Report
evaluation
evaluation
Submission
Lab-Practical
Last Lab
Lab class
15
Exam
Session
Comprehensive
Refer to Time
120
May 10, 2016
examination
Table
Chamber Consultation hours: 5:00- 6:00 on Thursday.

Remarks
Closed
Book
Closed
Book

6.

Open Book
Closed
Book
Closed
Book

7. Notices: All the notices related to this course will be put up on Photon server.
8. Make up Policy: Make up will be given to only genuine cases. The request application
should reach the Instructor in charge before commencement of scheduled test.
9. Laboratory Exercises:
Laboratory is an integral part of this course and students must make sure to attend all the
laboratory exercises without fail. Performance in the laboratory experiments will be
continuously evaluated.
10. Safety
All safety precautions listed in the laboratory manual including wearing of safety
apron must be adhered to strictly failing which the admission to laboratory may be
denied.
Instructor In-Charge
ME F341