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Simple Pure Sine Wave Inverter Circuit - 500 Watt Pure Sine
Posted by Swagatam Majumdar

+8 Recommend this on Google

The post explains how to make a pure sine wave inverter using ordinary components and yet get reasonably
outstanding results.

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The circuit basically uses a push pull topology through a couple of 24V batteries. The use of two 24V
batteries allows lower AH batteries to be incorporated with higher efficiency and wattage.

1 Tip of a flat belly :

12V batteries can be also tried however the power output would be reduced to half.

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Since a dual supply is used the connected transformer does not need to be a center tapped type, rather a
two wire ordinary transformer becomes suitable here.
The couple of designs shown below are all that would be required for implementing this simple pure
sine wave inverter circuit.
The first circuit is the basic sine wave generator which becomes the feeding input to the main sine wave
amplifier or the output stage.
The sine wave generator produces a pure sine wave output with the shown components at about 50Hz, for
other frequencies the 2.5K resistor may be altered, and tested in a simulator for fixing the desired results.
The sine generator circuit should be supplied with +/-12V, and not directly from the 24V battery supply as
that might damage the IC permanently.
The opamps used in this sine generator are from the IC TL072
The next diagram shows the output stage of the proposed simple pure sine wave inverter circuit. As can be
seen the design is not at all complicated.
All the involved components are standard, and easily available.
The mosfets are IRF540n and IRF9540n which compliment each other to produce the required push pull
effect over the attached transformer.
With a 0-24V/25amp transformer, and a couple of 24V batteries the circuit would be able to generate as
high as 600 watts of pure sine wave output at the relevant voltage.
The output across the right hand side opamp of the sine generator is to be connected across the input of the
second circuit for initializing the proposed operations.

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Battery Wiring Details for the above Simple Sine Wave Inverter Circuit

Make This 1KVA (1000


watts) Pure Sine Wave
Inverter Circuit

300 Watts PWM


Controlled, Pure Sine
Wave Inverter Circuit
with Output Voltage
Correction

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Sine Wave Inverter Concept Explored

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About Me

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Digi-Key Electronics
Distributor of Electronic Components. Ships Same
Day.

Swagatam Majumdar
I am an electronic hobbyist,
inventor, a freelance electronic
circuit designer, manufacturer. I
am also an avid publisher, I
enjoy posting electronic related articles in my
website: http://www.homemade-circuits.com/
where the interested viewers get the
opportunity to read many innovative
electronic circuit ideas, exclusively designed
and developed by me.

View my complete profile

at Saturday, April 27, 2013


Labels: Inverter Projects, opamp
Reactions:

Circuit Archive
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January (9)

156 comments:
hassan mwachuo April 28, 2013 at 6:39 PM
Hello Swagatam. Does the output voltage remain stable when several appliances are connected.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 28, 2013 at 10:02 PM

Hello Hassan,
No it won't be stable, The output will drop with increasing load....
Reply

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roderel masibay April 29, 2013 at 7:22 AM


hi sir swagatam can I asked you how to compute the voltage drop of resistor how to compute the base
resistor emitter and colector resistor imean I asking the formula because im not a engineering Im only
Technology of 2 years I want to explore my knolegde of electronics hoping sir swagatam i believe your
the great Engineer thanks advance.
Reply

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April 30, 2013 at 1:27 PM

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Circuit Us...

Hi Roderel,

May (19)

It's can be a huge subject, cannot be explained through comments, you may refer to these
article, might provide some help:

June (37)
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http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2012/01/how-to-understand-and-usetransistors.html

September (15)
October (20)

http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2012/01/how-to-make-relay-driver-stagein.html

November (18)
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Reply

2015 (165)

Anonymous April 29, 2013 at 11:17 AM


Hi Swagatam
Can ur earlier given output correction circuit be used here, will it work?
Regards
Reply

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Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 29, 2013 at 9:39 PM

yes it can be tried here.


Reply

Anonymous April 30, 2013 at 8:55 AM


hello sir Swagatam this inverter circuit works for all sophisticated devices? ... as pc, lcd tv, laptop,
notebooke, etc. thank you very much
luis from Argentina
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 30, 2013 at 2:02 PM

Hello Luis,
Yes since it's a pure sine wave it's suitable for everything....
Reply

girish sonawane May 1, 2013 at 8:13 PM


thanx sirji i think its very usefull to all coz
here all ur fans looking for such ckt
sirji i want knoe that which x'mer used here to obtain max wattage
is this xmer is 24-0-24 20amp transformer
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 1, 2013 at 9:55 PM

Thanks Girish,
the transformer here is 0-24V, but you can also use a 24-0-24V to make it a 48V transformer,
but the batteries will have to be 48V x 2nos...this will make the inverter 1KVA rated.
Reply

Anonymous May 2, 2013 at 6:18 AM


If someone builds this circuit please commented operation. Thank you.
Luis.
Reply

Anonymous May 4, 2013 at 7:55 PM


Hi Swagatam
There are two questions I would like to ask:
1. Efficiency of this inverter
2. If I use salvaged power transformer (heavy iron core type, 50hz) from an APC UPS 650, how it can be
used in 12V+0+12V circuits since its windings are 8 to 9 volts each instead of 12V. How am I supposed
to use such transformers in schematics mentioned at your site, would u like to suggest any change in
schematic etc.?
Regards
Sam
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 6, 2013 at 5:44 PM

Hi Sam,
I am not sure about the efficiency because I haven't tried it yet.
8 to 9 volts in each half winding is in fact perfect for most of my designs as it would provide a
little higher than the rated 220V, so even at lower input voltages the output would stick
around 220V.

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Regards.

SHIV-FOUNTAIN August 3, 2013 at 12:02 PM


Hi dear sir for testing purpose instead of battey can i use power supply for giving a supply to
circuit.
Please reply me on Email id taht is;-sfe.shiv@gmail.com

Thanking you
Reply

tessy May 4, 2013 at 8:59 PM


i just want to try it.. i will feed you back..thanks for your care
Reply

Anonymous May 6, 2013 at 2:48 PM


very good sir
and no charger / automatic changeover section?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 8, 2013 at 1:06 PM

thanks, will try to to update them also...


Reply

Anonymous May 8, 2013 at 11:32 AM


Hi Swagatam
Thanks for your quick response. However I have two more question:
1. if salvaged transformer winding is 8-9 volt then 12-14 volt from a juicy battery is going to damage the
winding by overheating it since it was wound for a lower voltage.
2. Moreover if salvaged transformer is from a sine wave UPS then a modified square wave or square
wave inverter may slowly damage it due to extra transients since it was made for a sine wave and not
for square wave. I think square wave transformers are made with extra winding (head room for
transients) but am not sure what do you say?
Regards
Sam
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 8, 2013 at 1:13 PM

Hi Sam,
A transformer is a solid state device which is made up of metals.
It would get damaged only under conditions where it gets very hot, otherwise I don't think you
can damage an iron-cored transformer through any other means.
9V is just under 12V so it would make the transformer slightly warm, not much, moreover it's
the wattage consumption at the output that may be responsible for heating up the
transformer, if it's controlled appropriately, things would be all right.
You may incorporate my circuits which have a 555 pwm controller attached, this would give
you an option of controlling the RMS so that the transformer is not operated under incorrect
voltage parameters.
Reply

suneetha thanda May 10, 2013 at 9:55 PM


hi swagatam
i have gone through the circuit. i just want to know whether this circuit will be able to charge a normal
battery of 1kva. please tell me what are the changes required to be done in the circuit so that i can
charge that battery using a solar panel
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regards,
suneetha
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 11, 2013 at 10:07 AM

Hi Suneetha,
It is not a battery charger circuit, it's an inverter circuit, if you want to include a charger circuit,
you can attach the following circuit with it:
http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2012/11/high-current-transistor-tip36datasheet.html
Reply

Anonymous May 28, 2013 at 5:12 AM


Hi Sir,
Your skills building inverters are amazing.
I've seen inverters that do not rely on the transformer to make the output, instead, they first transform
low DCV to high DCV (H-bridge)using FETS and small HF transformers, and then modulate for pure
sine AC through another H-Bridge i think.
Is it possible that you can give us such a design, cause it seems one can get outputs over 2000W using
small transformers.
Hope you take my proposal under consideration
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 28, 2013 at 1:28 PM

Thanks!
Such inverters are not difficult to design except the output ferrite transformer which requires
specific calculations therefore becomes a fairly complex parameter to handle.
Due to this reason I haven't posted any of these circuits.
Reply

Anonymous May 28, 2013 at 7:54 AM


Dear Sir, Could you post better resolution picture for second circuit, i can't read resistor's values
Grateful
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

May 28, 2013 at 1:31 PM

Use the "zoom" feature at the bottom right of the page...you would be able to figure out all the
details.

Anonymous May 28, 2013 at 10:56 PM


Dear sir,
Sorry to bother you again with this, i've tried to zoom in but still can't figure out some
numbers, specifically:
R9-R10 - i see 1K(something) i assume 1K0 meaning 1K Ohm
R19-R20-R21-R25- i see (somthing)E22 i assume 0E22 meaning 0,22 Ohm
R24 i assume 10E meaning 10 Ohms
Q7-Q8 i assume BD140
also a assume international notation meaning for example 2k2 = 2,2K Ohm
Again, sorry to bother you with small details, but i really wanna build this circuit and that
means spending money on parts, and dont want to make mistakes.

Swagatam Majumdar

May 29, 2013 at 1:43 PM

yes everything noted by you is correct to the point.

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however please note that the design has not been verified practically.
Reply

Anonymous June 10, 2013 at 8:00 PM


hello sir im jay i just want to ask about your sine generator first circuit, its about a tree 2uf parts sir is
this a tantalums type or electroytec, i need your answer sir please. ive been build your sine wave
inverter i just cant finish it the generator sine wave. Hope to your reply,
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

June 11, 2013 at 9:38 AM

helo jay,
it could be a tantalum or electrolytic, doesn't matter, but tantalum would be more accurate.
Reply

Anonymous June 11, 2013 at 7:02 PM


thanks sir for an info ive used a electroytic capacitor when i test. its working normarly, but better to use
a tantalum type! Now i perfectly use ur sine wave inverter circuit. And i plan for inprove it to 4000wts sir
thanks you so much as i read your all article about sine wave generator step by step, and its great all
have worked perfectly. Thanks onece again sir..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

June 12, 2013 at 11:49 AM

you are welcome!!


Reply

WeiZhuan July 22, 2013 at 8:54 PM


Hi Mr. Swagatam,
I find this design very similar to what I am looking to build for my project.
First, I need to step up 12V DC input to 240V DC output through a Flyback converter. Then, I need to
invert that output to an AC form. Can I use this circuit?
Thanks
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

July 23, 2013 at 10:35 AM

Hi Mr.Weizhuan,
This circuit is not what you are looking for. The above circuit makes use of iron-core bulky
transformer, so it won't suit your application.

WeiZhuan July 23, 2013 at 8:53 PM


I see. I clearly got it wrong here.
What would you recommend for that application wish I seek to build? I've tried a H-bridge
inverter configuration. On circuit (I'm using Proteus) it works but when I implement on
hardware, it doesnt.
Can I send you an email with the simulation attached and perhap you could help me with it?
Thanks

Swagatam Majumdar

July 24, 2013 at 10:11 AM

Simulators can be compared with a "blind man with a stick" so I never use them.
for the converter stage you can try this circuit:
http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2013/06/universal-ic-555-buck-boostcircuit.html

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For processing the above output you can try the following circuit using mosfets rated at 300V:
http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2013/05/full-bridge-1-kva-invertercircuit.html

Reply

SHIV-FOUNTAIN August 3, 2013 at 11:55 AM


HI DEAR swagatam i am big fan of your's can you plese provide us circuit digram of 12v DC -230v AC
power inverter digram having maximum wattage i am eagerly wating of your reply.
thanking you in adavnce
Reply

SHIV-FOUNTAIN August 3, 2013 at 11:55 AM


HI DEAR swagatam i am big fan of your's can you plese provide us circuit digram of 12v DC -230v AC
power inverter digram having maximum wattage i am eagerly wating of your reply.
thanking you in adavnce
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

August 3, 2013 at 6:35 PM

Thanks Shiv,
You must first try a smaller version then upgrade it to higher ratings. You may start with the
following circuit:
http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2012/09/mini-50-watt-mosfet-invertercircuit.html
Reply

Anonymous August 7, 2013 at 3:37 PM


Sir Swagatam,I'm working on the circuit at the moment,but I have a some confusions which I'l be really
happy if you can clear me on. First is the use of "couple of 24v batteries". does it mean I cant build the
circuit and use single 12v battery?
secondly, The outputs in the first circuit, are two. Which of them do i connect to the second circuit as
input? If its the one on the RHS,where does the second one go?
Finally,how can i determine the Amperage of my transformer?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

August 8, 2013 at 10:26 AM

The above circuit works with two batteries, you can use two 12V batteries but the relative
power output will be 50% reduced than two 24V batteries.
Use the output from the green line, extreme right side.
for knowing the trafo amp apply 220V at its relevant winding, connect an AC ammeter set at
max current range on other side of the trafo for a few seconds until you get the required
current reading.

Isaac August 9, 2013 at 3:29 AM


Thank U so Much sir.I'v started work on the circuit. just a little problem. I live and work in
Nigeria,and I'm having issues finding the TL092. Are there any equivalents that could find
??? Thanks once again.

Swagatam Majumdar

August 9, 2013 at 9:40 AM

you can try LM324 in place of TL072

Isaac August 9, 2013 at 12:47 PM


Thank U so much. God bless U!

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Paul September 15, 2013 at 2:27 PM


Dear sir Swagatam,
On your first diagram where does the other red line output connected to?
can i used 12-0-12 centertap transformer?
thank you very much sir for inspiring me of your blog..
thanks
Paul

Paul September 15, 2013 at 5:52 PM


dear sir, can you post all parts need please sir.. thanks a lot..
Reply

Paul September 15, 2013 at 2:26 PM


Dear sir Swagatam,
On your first diagram where does the other red line output connected to?
can i used 12-0-12 centertap transformer?
thank you very much sir for inspiring me of your blog..
thanks
Paul
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 16, 2013 at 7:47 PM

Dear Paul,
Ignore the red line, it's unused...
12-0-12 will work but the center should be left open and a 24V batt should be used.
If I get time i'll surely update the article with the parts list.

Paul September 19, 2013 at 2:59 PM


Dear Sir,
Is 12-0-12 1.3amp center tap transformer can be use here?
thanks...

Swagatam Majumdar

September 20, 2013 at 5:14 PM

Dear Paul,
You will not get any power from a 1.3amp trafo...use at least a 5 amp rated trafo.
Reply

Anonymous September 25, 2013 at 7:34 PM


Dear mr.swagatam,
i want to ask you about the transformer,i understand that the rating should be minimum 5 ampere.
but what i cant understand is what is the step up value of the transformer
is it 12 volt to 220 volt transformer?
what is the value of the first winding " voltage "
thanks in advance
regards,
MICHAEL
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 26, 2013 at 8:20 PM

Dear Michael,
The primary should be equal to the battery voltage, in the above figure it is 24V primary, and
220VV secondary(output)
Reply

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Anonymous September 25, 2013 at 10:52 PM


dear mr swagatan,
what do you mean by 0-24 volt transformer?
what is the first winding voltage if the second is 220 volt ac
in a clear way,
what should i tell the store when i want to buy it?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 26, 2013 at 8:29 PM

tell the shopkeeper that you want a 0-24V/5amp, 220V transformer, this will be sufficient for
him to understand.
Reply

Anonymous September 26, 2013 at 12:52 AM


dear mr swagatam,
where should we input the + and - 12 volts in the first schematic?i mean at which terminals the + and
which terminal the - ? and what should we input 12 volt dc or ac?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 26, 2013 at 8:56 PM

use opamps from the IC 324, and apply the supply across its pin11 (-) and pin4(+)
Reply

Anonymous September 26, 2013 at 9:28 PM


im sorry for bothering you agian mr swagatam,
u didnt get what i mean,
lets say i already got a 12 volts source.
where in the first picture should i input them? before the 1 k resistance?
and what should the 12 volts be ac or dc?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 27, 2013 at 12:51 PM

As mentioned in my previous comment, the supply needs to be applied to the supply pins of
the IC, the lines which are marked with ground symbols will go to the series point of the two
batteries, because in the above design we have used two batteries in series for getting the
required dual supply voltage.
Reply

Anonymous September 26, 2013 at 9:40 PM


Dear mr swagatam,
thank you for your innovations i really like them all,
concerning the first schematic of the sinewave generator
should i feed it with 12 volt ac or 12 volt dc?
regards,
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 27, 2013 at 2:23 PM

Thanks,
(+)12 to pin4, (-)12V to pin11 of the IC324.
All the ground sysmbols are connected with the series wire of the two batteries.
Reply

Paul September 29, 2013 at 1:42 PM

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Dear sir,
i have a 220vac primary transformer and secondary output is 18-0-18 vac at 40amps, can i use this on
your pure sine wave generator?
thanks...
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 29, 2013 at 7:44 PM

Dear Paul,
yes you can use it.
Reply

Anonymous October 2, 2013 at 10:41 PM


Dear mr swagatam, what should the output be in the fisrt schematic(sinewave generator)? if i input 12
volts then what should the output at the second op amp be?
and why i see alternative simulations? the output is AC or DC?
thanks in advance
Reply

Anonymous October 2, 2013 at 11:36 PM


dear swagatam, i dont know if im getting the right output, all grounds are connected together but not
with the series point, is this why i am not getting the output in the schematic of the first circuit? im
mesuring between output and ground im getting something like 0.09 volts AC
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 3, 2013 at 9:53 AM

You will need a series battery connection as shown in the diagram for getting the required (+)
(-) and ground terminals, without this the circuit won't work.
Reply

Paul October 6, 2013 at 10:13 AM


Dear Sir Swagatam,
i have a transformer 18-0-18 and i was wondering how many volts should i feed to it?
and can i use sla battery series/parallel to this circuit i have a bunch of battery laying around..
thank you sir
Reply

Paul October 6, 2013 at 11:16 AM


Dear Sir,
in your first circuit where should i put the input voltage? and what is the voltage rating? thanks in
advance..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 6, 2013 at 9:26 PM

Hi Paul,
you can use the 0-18V tap and connect it with the above circuit, and use two 24V batts in
series as indicated.
Reply

Anonymous October 8, 2013 at 1:23 AM


Please sir,can i use the output from the sinewave oscillator to drive a darlington pair transistor which will
in turn switch current into a transformer, instead of using the second diagram you posted,please
reply.thanks.
Reply

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Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 8, 2013 at 10:25 AM

if that would be possible, why would i suggest the second circuit? It's not possible.
Reply

Paul October 11, 2013 at 1:35 PM


Please sir, can i have a list of parts needed in your 2nd circuit please.. thank you very much sir..
Reply

Paul October 11, 2013 at 3:00 PM


Dear Sir,
on the sine wave generator circuit only output 1 and 2 is used while the output 3 & 4 not in use? i am
using LM324 and 60hz is still gonna work sir? thanks in advance..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 12, 2013 at 11:40 AM

Dear Paul,
LM324 has 4 opamps, you can use any two of them and wire them as per the given first
diagram above....
Please click the second diagram and magnify it, you will be able to see all the parts in the
diagram.
Reply

naresh October 11, 2013 at 10:27 PM


hai sir
i can using ic 8038 it is working or not since wave genator circuit
regards
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 12, 2013 at 3:56 PM

Yes it will work, but the chip is obsolete now.


Reply

Paul October 13, 2013 at 12:23 PM


Dear Sir,
in your sine wave generator circuit is 59hz frequency still ok to used for this circuit sir?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 13, 2013 at 4:57 PM

it will depend on your country specs...if it's 60Hz, then 59Hz will be OK
Reply

Paul October 13, 2013 at 5:37 PM


thank you very much sir for the reply.. is 2uf caps on sine wave generator ceramic caps or electrolytic
caps? and can i used irf840 sir on Q4 & Q5? thank you in advance sir..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 14, 2013 at 8:09 AM

it's nonpolar, can be any low leakage type. IRF840 is 600v rated won't be a good match with
24v supplies. use irf540 instead.

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Reply

Anonymous October 14, 2013 at 1:30 AM


Please sir i have 2 questions,
(1) What is the approximate voltage from ur sine wave oscillator.
(2) And can ic Rc4558 dual operational amplifier be used in place of the lm324?.thanks sir,please reply.
Jerry from Nigeria.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 14, 2013 at 9:37 AM

it will almost equal to 24V.


if RC4558 is rated to handle 24V comfortably then you can use it.
Reply

Anonymous October 14, 2013 at 10:12 AM


Please sir,can you explain in details why it wont be possible to use the output from the sinewave
oscillator to drive a pair of mosfet or bipolar transistors which will in turn switch current into a
transformer, instead of using the second diagram you posted,please reply.thanks.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 14, 2013 at 8:27 PM

A simple BJT or mosfet stage won't understand a sine wave, it'll start conducting fully the
moment sine voltage exceeds 0.6V or 3V for mosfet.
Reply

Anonymous October 14, 2013 at 10:24 AM


Sir,can 2uf electrolytic caps be used without problem?,because am having issues finding the nonpolar
type.
And if polarized caps are ok,how should the caps polarity be connected in the sinewave oscillator?.
thanks
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 14, 2013 at 8:54 PM

you can try polarized types also, the negative lead should go towards ground symbol
Reply

Paul October 15, 2013 at 2:53 PM


Dear sir what is the voltage ratings of all the caps in your circuit sir? thank you very much sir.. and can
polyester caps be good sir? becoz i can't find 2uf nonpolar caps in electronic shops here.. thanks again
sir..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 15, 2013 at 7:44 PM

Hi Paul,
all caps are rated at 50V, yes polyester will do.
Reply

Paul October 17, 2013 at 2:54 PM


Dear Sir,
in your 2nd diagram sir.. is it ceramic caps? thank you very much...

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Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 18, 2013 at 11:56 AM

Dear Paul,
yes ceramic caps will work
Reply

Paul October 20, 2013 at 12:43 PM


Dear Sir,
sir can i use 12v 20ah battery becoz i have issues finding 24v battery here in my country.. and is there
some modification in the circuit to be able to use 12v battery.. thank you very much sir..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

October 21, 2013 at 9:34 AM

Dear Paul,
12V will do, but still you would require two of them...and also the output would become half of
what could be achieved using 24+24V batteries.
Reply

Anonymous November 7, 2013 at 11:30 PM


Dear Sir, is it possible to shift the phase so the the output from the first IC TL072 and the second are at
120 degree? Iam thinking of adding a third OP AMP to get three outputs at 120 degrees shift. This will
allow me to connect the three sine wave outputs to a power stage and transformer in order to get high
power three phase.
Can it work by varying the capacitors? I can also see that the gains are different at each output so we
need to make them equal before feeding them to power stage. Could you please help with such design
sir?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

November 8, 2013 at 10:45 AM

You will need three separate driver circuits for it, you may refer to the following article:
http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2013/10/three-phase-inverter-circuit.html
Reply

Paul November 17, 2013 at 2:22 PM


Dear Sir,
is there any substitute for the transistor BD140,BD139&BC556 i can't seem to find it here in eletronics
shop here in the phillippines
thank you very much sir..
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

November 18, 2013 at 11:34 AM

Dear Paul,
the mentioned components types are the most commonly available and standard, there no
easier replacements for these
Reply

edward December 19, 2013 at 4:15 AM


Hi sir i saw this circuit named Simple Pure Sine Wave Inverter Circuit - 500 Watt Pure Sine can this
circuit be use for all day? my second question is can i replace 2uf with 2n2 400v ( 2.2nf,) or can use
2.2/50v electrolytic cos 2uf cannot be found here i therefore cherish the hope that my question will meet

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your kind consideration and approval thank you.


Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

December 21, 2013 at 11:10 AM

Hi Edward, yes the circuit can be used for all day long if appropriate heasinking are provided
to the devices.
2.2nF will not do, 2.2uF could work, but it's better to use a 2uF cap[, you can use two 1uF in
parallel for making a 2uF cap.

zinnaboy2 January 2, 2014 at 3:57 AM


to get 2uf or 1uf non poly,another question the second circuit 82pf also is very ok but sir
please i want you to help me in this circuit im not too much good in calculation so please don't
turn your back on me,in the first circuit can replace 104,103,102,the green one? or 2.2uf/25v
electrolytic cos sir in my country it difficultproblem can you tell me any value,3nd question all
the two circuit there is no pot i mean variable resister im just asking sir thank you im looking
forward to hear from you son. Simple Pure Sine Wave Inverter Circuit - 500 Watt Pure Sine

Swagatam Majumdar

January 2, 2014 at 8:37 PM

zinnaboy, you will have to make the circuit exactly as its presented, 2uF should be 2uF only,
any other value will not do, use two 1uF caps in parallel. This project is a difficult project and
is recommended for experts so please be cautioned.
Reply

zinnaboy2 January 3, 2014 at 4:12 AM


ok sir i understand but one thing is can 473nf or 104 the green cap be replace 82pf?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

January 3, 2014 at 12:38 PM

you cannot use other values in place of the recommended values, so please use only what's
recommended in the diagram.
Reply

Prasad Aithal January 6, 2014 at 8:12 PM


hai sir.i want to ask two questions
1)For this circute ,what happens if i connect 12v 50ah singal battery?
2)can i change step up transformer 12-012 10amps instad of 0-024v.if the center tap is connected to
12v 50 ah battery possitive?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

January 7, 2014 at 1:03 PM

Hi Prasad,
Single battery will not work because the above design uses a single winding push-pull
configuration.
12-0-12v will work, keep the center taps shorted and unused and use 2nos 24v batts.
The above design is not a center tap type inverter so center tap cannot be used here.
Reply

biannz February 17, 2014 at 8:45 PM


sir please sorry for disturbing you ok,sir please can i replace 105/400vpp in place of 2uf,can 18pf be
replace 82pf?. sir i want to ask you that where is the red line of the first circuit connect to cos it seem
out put of the circuit is 2 out put? sir that is all my problem thank you.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

February 18, 2014 at 9:07 AM

NO, you will have to do everything as given in the circuit.

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red line goes nowhere. the green output is to be used for feeding the inverter.
Reply

biannz February 19, 2014 at 1:31 AM


ok sir why im asking you is my country don't sell tantalum capacitor, sir plse what bout electrolytic
capacitor 1uf/25v can i add 2 in parallel to get 2uf electrolytic it is going to work?thank you,
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

February 19, 2014 at 9:00 PM

biannz, don't try this circuit it's strictly not recommended for the newcomers, there are other
simpler versions you can try them instead
Reply

biannz February 20, 2014 at 5:32 AM


ok sir but i have build some of your inverters circuit some of it work very well but it not a pure sine wave
so if you said i should not go for this i agree but i need a pure sine wave inverter circuit so please refer
me to which is not difficult i mean a pure sine wave ok sir even this circuit is not difficult build but some
of the pats is not available here in my country that is why i to confirm from you if i can use this blab-la i
guess your understand what i mean,thank you.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

February 20, 2014 at 11:49 AM

biannz, pure sine wave circuits are difficult and only recommended for expert hobbyists, if you
are confident you can go ahead wit the above circuit.
all pats should be exactly as given in the schematic, you cannot replace them with other
values, it will produce wrong results.

Reply

biannz February 20, 2014 at 9:39 PM


thank you sir,please there is resistor connected to emitter of BD140 it 1k resistor? sir im still confident
to build it i have all the pats except 82pf that is the only one i don't fine anywhere.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

February 21, 2014 at 12:44 PM

biannz, you can use 100pf or any other close value


Reply

biannz February 22, 2014 at 2:51 AM


ok sir thank you,my question is in the first circuit TL072 should i connects the positive of the batt to pin
8 of tlo72 and same to negative or it don't need any power from the batt it should build the way it
presented?thank you.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

February 22, 2014 at 1:42 PM

biannz, please check the datasheet of the IC and find out the Vdd(+) and Vss(-) pins of the
IC.
It will definitely need power from the battery otherwise it will never work.

Swagatam Majumdar

February 22, 2014 at 1:45 PM

...pin8 is positive and pin4 is negative.....but apply 12V only.


Reply

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anshulgarg February 22, 2014 at 1:17 PM


sir can i use only 12v battery with this circuit
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

February 23, 2014 at 9:06 AM

yes, you can use two 12v batteries and connect them as shown
Reply

biannz March 27, 2014 at 7:06 AM


sir thank you sir please my question is in the firs circuit you did not show the positive sign of the
capacitor i can see the 1k and the 2uf show negative so what about the tw0 cap 2uf on top of the circuit
it the green lines a positive?
another question can use the firs circuit to feed my four IRF540N in series with 56 ohm resistor to the G
will it be work? third question can you please upload the full circuit of the diagram? thank you for
spending your time on us we very greateful .
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

March 27, 2014 at 5:39 PM

biannz, use non-polar capacitors for those. you can put two 1uF non-polar caps in parallel if
you are unable to get 2uF.

Swagatam Majumdar

March 27, 2014 at 5:40 PM

i did not understand your second question.


I have already shown the full diagram in the 1kva inverter article.
Reply

biannz March 28, 2014 at 3:33 AM


ok sir but sir the two IRF540n got hot why sir? can i use only N- channel in the circuit or the 0.22 ohm
resistor should change cos i suggest it becos of combination of the fets that why it got hot or my
suggest is wrong? second what volt should the output of the TL072 be
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

March 29, 2014 at 10:27 AM

biannz, the mosfets should not become hot if the cirucit is built correctly.
take the help of an expert electronic engineer who can schematics well.
how can a n-channel work for p-channel?? think before you ask.
0.22 are in fact for safeguarding the devices, so they are definitely not causing the heating
issues, it's surely due to some hidden fault in your design.
dont worry about the TL072 output, first make sure the inveter devices remain cool on switch.
Reply

biannz April 1, 2014 at 6:29 AM


OK sir but it IRF9540N a p-channel? if it is p-channel then it should go to the positive connection
right,or no? thank you
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 1, 2014 at 10:49 AM

bianzz, everything's correctly configured in the shown inverter circuit according to the layout.
follow it as it's shown...
Any modification would result in fire and smoke.
Reply

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Auwal Wali April 11, 2014 at 7:09 PM


pls sir, am doing a project on modified sine wave 3kva inverter and am using a microcontroller to
produce the waveform....pls can you help me with a circuit diagram and the specification of the
components to be used
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 13, 2014 at 10:38 AM

Auwal, I won't do the programming, I can try the remaining

Auwal Wali April 14, 2014 at 2:07 PM


thank you sir. i will be waiting for your feedback

Swagatam Majumdar

April 15, 2014 at 8:46 AM

please specify the things that you would need in the circuit
Reply

Auwal Wali April 17, 2014 at 4:41 AM


i will want it to have a voltage regulator, overload circuit, battery level indicator. if there is anything you
could help me with that will make the inverter a little bit unique i will be happy. thank you sir
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 17, 2014 at 8:08 PM

please make the above basic design first, once you complete it successfully, i'll guide you
through the subsequent stages as asked by you.
Reply

Auwal Wali April 26, 2014 at 12:08 AM


here is a diagram i got after a little research and i will like to replace the SG3524 with PIC16F628A or
PIC16F628 and was wondering how to removing transformer 1 from the diagram.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B6eo6OIGHPLkYlNiaXJGenBPOTg/edit?usp=sharing Thank you, will be
waiting for your feed back
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 26, 2014 at 11:41 AM

for removing T1 you may incorporate the following circuit:


http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2014/01/automatic-output-voltageregulator.html
Reply

Auwal Wali April 26, 2014 at 2:51 PM


what of when replacing the SG3524 with the PIC16F628, will there be any modifications??
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 27, 2014 at 9:11 AM

there will be modifications, but I cannot specify them


Reply

Auwal Wali April 27, 2014 at 3:32 PM


ok! this diagram is for a 500W inverter, do u think by adding Q7 and Q8 transistors in parallel it can
increase the power output. thank you
Reply
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Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

April 28, 2014 at 9:51 AM

yes, that may be possible.


Reply

daniel adusei June 22, 2014 at 4:54 AM


sir
please can i use any N-CHANNEL AND P-CHANNEL fets in this circuit? the second circuit it the
capacitor 4700uf or 470uf? 68pf can be replace 82pf?thank you.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

June 22, 2014 at 10:23 PM

Daniel, the rating of the mosfets should be higher than the battery specs used for the inverter
Reply

daniel adusei June 23, 2014 at 12:08 AM


sir
please you did not answer my question as was expecting from you i ask three questions explain all for
me so that the circuit will be so simple to build sir thank you.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

June 23, 2014 at 9:47 AM

which questions??
Reply

Mohamed Asrappa November 16, 2014 at 10:53 PM


Hello Sir, Which simulator software are you using. I am using proteus but I could not get sinewave.
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

November 17, 2014 at 10:26 AM

Hello Mohamed, confirm the upper circuit's waveform first.....it will surely show the production
of the sine waves, if correctly configured
Reply

mayokun deji July 11, 2015 at 8:52 PM


love to make dis circuit.bt sir, i have two questio
1)what is theuse of the second output of d generator.i mean d opamp on the left side.
2)can i just make the generator and use it wit another power stage of another inverter tell me how.
because i have an inverter of 300watt but is squarewave cos it uses ne555.thank you.mayokun from
nigeria
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

July 12, 2015 at 11:47 AM

the green output is the sine wave output, the red one is square wave.
No, you cannot use the sine output with any inverter's power stage...that will not yield
sinewave output...that's why only the above circuit has been recommended
Reply

mayokun deji July 12, 2015 at 7:11 PM


thanks alot for d reply
Reply

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mayokun deji July 12, 2015 at 7:19 PM


another question is,am i to power the wave generator with a seperate 12volts battery or should i jjust
tap from the 24volts and regulate with ic7812?
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

July 13, 2015 at 9:50 AM

no need of a separate power supply, you can extract the voltage from the inverter battery
using a 7812 IC
Reply

mayokun deji July 14, 2015 at 2:39 AM


tnx a bunch
Reply

harishvar akaash September 14, 2015 at 10:48 PM


WHat should be the capacity of the battery?????????does gud capacity give gud output power??
Reply

harishvar akaash September 14, 2015 at 10:52 PM


and also i need to attach the (battery indicator circuit) and the (battery charging circuit with auto cut off
feature) and (Low power shut down) so that the battery's charge could be determined and battery could
be charged when needed and also the battery is not overcharged.....This would present a perfect
inverter with all these.....
Reply

harishvar akaash September 14, 2015 at 10:54 PM


plzz reply faST I AM WAITING FOR YOUR REPLY
Reply

harishvar akaash September 14, 2015 at 10:57 PM


AND ALSO SWAGATAM SIR R U SURE THAT THIS CIRCUIT WORKS?????? BECAUSE AFTER
SPENDING IF IT DOESNT WORK I WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO RESIST... AND ALSO THE BATTERIES
COST A LOT..pLZZ TELL WHETHER THE CIRCUIT IS 100% WORKING OR NOT?????
Reply
Replies
Swagatam Majumdar

September 15, 2015 at 2:00 PM

Harishvar, I am sure this circuit will work, if I were to make it, but I cannot guarantee this for
others, because it might require a thorough knowledge of all the aspects involved with the
design to achieve success..
Moreover this kind of circuits are not for the newcomers, if you get stuck somewhere you
would be clueless regarding the solution.
for an automatic battery circuit you can prefer the second design from the following post:
http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2011/12/how-to-make-simple-low-battery-voltage.html

harishvar akaash September 15, 2015 at 11:24 PM


sir it means that i cant make this inverter right????? :-(...feeling sad

Swagatam Majumdar

September 16, 2015 at 2:06 PM

harishvar, You can begin with a simpler design as shown below, and if you succeed then
proceed step wise to upgrade it further...
http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2012/09/mini-50-watt-mosfet-inverter-circuit.html

harishvar akaash September 16, 2015 at 9:53 PM


sir why cant i make this : ( http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2013/10/pure-sine-waveinverter-circuit-using.html ) ....... because i think 50 watt would be very less and it wont be that
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useful....i am also trying to attach a 12v car battery.....if i were to attach this battery then sir
plzz give me a circuit charging car batteries......because charging car batteries would be
extremely dangerous if anything wrong happens then the whole battery may explode which
will cause a very huge damage....so plzz give me a safe circuit for charging the car batteries
and also for the(cd4047 circuit) can you give an another schematic because i cuoldnt find
where the + and the - terminals of the battery are coming from.......i would really be thankful
to you if u give me another schematic for the cd4047 inverter circuit.....and also plzz tell that
using a car battery would be safe or not......because i am very scared to use it.....

Swagatam Majumdar

September 17, 2015 at 8:42 PM

harishvar, if you are confident with your knowledge and skills then you can definitely go
ahead and try the circuit...
For an automatic battery charger circuit you may build the second circuit from the following
article:
http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2011/12/how-to-make-simple-low-battery-voltage.html
Reply

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