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But the real challenge comes

during mixing. So far, its been
only recording and doing some EQ
and leveling; not that much post
production. Its basically 3D positioning, but the only 3D positioning tools that exist are for cinema.
So were really at a point where its
a totally new venture for sound.
For example, having captured a
bed of multiple binaural recordings,
The only way you can assemble
this into a seamless 360 experience
is into a game engine such as Unity or Unreal. The way weve been
working so far is with zero degrees,
90 degrees, 180, 270, and then, in
the game engine, cross-fading those
mixes. Its basically head tracking.
But then you have to do the
post production, because you want
to add sound design. Im going into
Pro Tools and working on it, and
listening to it, and back into Unity,
so its a very tedious process.
Nevertheless, so far the results
of his workflow have been good,
he says. Its seamless. But probably the best way to do this is to
work with gaming middleware, like
Wwise and FMODmore like
an audio-for-gaming workflow.
Ultimately, he says, object-based
cinema formats that can render
to a binaural output could offer
a solution. I would bet that in
six months, my workflow will have

changed. And it does bring someone new into the equation of mixing, which is the sound programmer. I think its going to foster a
new type of hybrid mixing engineer that isnt purely gamingits
mixing very, very real sound with
There are mix tools emerging
such as the VisiSonics RealSpace
3D Gaming Engine and the 3D
AfterEffects Engine, which enables
offline immersive audio mixing via
a VST plug-in. In October, Oculus announced it had licensed the
technology, which was developed
at the University of Maryland and
combines head-related transfer
functions, head tracking and room
models. A 3D positional plug-in
will do the job instead of having
to do it by hand, which is how Im
having to do it right now, says
Every project, theres a technological iteration. The way were
working, recording, doing post
production, every project, we learn
something very important and then
move on to the next. Were really
not at that level where its just regular business. Its so exciting.
The Oculus plug-in licensing
deal is also an indication that VR
developers are aware of the importance of audio. They really want
to elevate the quality of sound,
because they do understand that
sound is fundamental to having the
best VR experience.

Apollo Studios

(continued from page 35)

sults of tracking object placement and

dynamic moves made by various motion picture re-recording mixers using
data from the Dolby Atmos system.
The results suggested that certain
common panning tracksscreen bottom to center; up and over the audienceare perhaps guided by available automation tools, he observed.
We are in the early stages of a paradigm shift for the consumer experience delivered via broadcast, noted
Dolbys Jeff Riedmiller, offering a presentation on immersive and personalized next-generation audio. Dolbys
object-based Atmos immersive audio
system, available in movie theaters for
a couple of years, has recently started
to migrate into the home and is poised
to jump to mobile platforms.
Despite the Atmos bitstream carrying a tremendous amount of data associated with its potential 128
objects, there are methods for compressing or generally streamlining
that load, said Riedmiller. For example, he suggested, You can take
advantage of the fact that not everything is happening on all tracks and
use lossless compression.
Substreams can carry objects or
groups of objectsalternate languages, or commentarythat are then
combined into a presentation. Spatial coding, too, is a way to simplify,
he said, rendering those 128 objects
into 15 spatial groups, or 15 outputs.
The result would be a set of program
building blocks that could be variously combined.
Dolby Labs is not the only player in the immersive audio field, of

course, but supports any move toward an open standard, according to

Riedmiller, in order to deliver a nextgen experience to consumers. The
only way we can make it work is all
together, he said.
Fraunhofer is offering its MPEGH encoding scheme as a potential
solution to broadcast delivery of
immer sive audio. According to
Fraunhofers Robert Bleidt, tests have
shown that just four height speakers
can create a more realistic surround
sound. A high-end immersive playback system might only be within
the grasp of one percent of the viewing audience, but Fraunhofers 3D
soundbar potentially could deliver
the experience to a wider audience,
he said.
As for how broadcasters might
make transition to MPEG-H, Bleidt
laid out a four-point roadmap. First,
replace AC-3 encoders with MPEGH encoders simultaneously with the
implementation of HEVC or SHVC
picture encoders. Next, add audio
objects such as alternate commentary or additional dialog tracks, either
in a channel-plus-objects or Higher
Order Ambisonics-plus-objects format. Then, add-in the four height
channels. This would require additional channels through the plant,
he said. Lastly, add dynamic objects;
this would require the transmission
of control data through the TV plant.
For those wondering how immersive audio could be monitored, he
suggested several alternatives. Simply use the existing speakers and add
four height speakers, use a suitably
equipped remote studio or use headphones with a personalized HRTF
profile, he said.


Red Bull Builds eSports Studio

s a n ta m o n i c a , c a

The Red Bull eSports

studio in Santa Monica, CA is using Riedels MediorNet realtime network, RockNet
audio system, and
Artist digital matrix
intercom system, in
the production of live
streaming events.
The Red Bull eSports studio uses Riedels MediorNet realWithin the control time network, RockNet audio system, and Artist digital
room, the MediorNet matrix intercom system.
system acts as a preswitcher, dynamically feeding eight signals to the video switcher, and also
provides feeds to the edit bay, two SSD recording units, and to a monitor
wall. The MediorNet also serves as an audio de-embedder, in turn feeding
audio to the audio mixing desk. The resulting audio and video mix is sent
to two encoders for streaming via the internet.

Riedel Communications

December 2014

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