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CHAPTER -1

MEASUREMENT
1.

The error in a measurement may occur due to:a)


c)

2.

(b)
(d)

0.1mm
Non of these

Small bracket
Braces bracket

(b)
(d)

Square bracket
None of the above

[LT]
[LT-1]

(b)
(d)

[LT-2]
[L-1T]

3.1 x 10-6
3 x 10-8

(b)
(d)

3.1 x 10-7
3.1 x 10-9

9.5 x 1014 cm
9.5 x 1016 m

(b)
(d)

9.5 x 1012 m
none of the above

Diameter of an atom is measured in meters in the order of


a)
c)

9.

0.01mm
0.1 cm

How many meters are there in one light year (speed of light = 3.0 x 108 m/s:a)
c)

8.

Significant figures
Accurately figures

How many years in one Second?


a)
c)

7.

(b)
(d)

The term Tx1/m has dimension:a)


c)

6.

Measurement figures
Doubtful figures

Each base quantity is considered a dimension denoted by a specific symbol written


within.
a)
c)

5.

Inappropriate method
All of the above.

The least count of meter rod is: a)


c)

4.

(b)
(d)

In any measurement the accurately know digits and the first doubtful digits are called.
a)
c)

3.

Negligence
Faulty apparatus

10-20
1010

(b)
(d)

10-10
1020

Time taken by light to cover a distance from moon to earth is :(a)


c)

1 min 20 sec
8 min 20 sec

(b)
(d)

2 min 20 sec
1 hr 20 sec

10.

The uncertainty in the time period of a vibrating body in found by :a)


b)
c)
d)

11.

Orange light emitted from krypton-86 atoms was used to define


a)
b)
c)
d)

12.

b)
c)
d)

Area
Volume
Length
Velocity

The dimensions of frequency are


a)
b)
c)
d)

16.

109
10-9
10-12
1012

An example of fundamental quantity is


a)
b)
c)
d)

15.

Acceleration
Velocity
Length
Time

Gega means
a)

14.

Kilogram
Meter
Centimeter
Second

The dimensions of | at2 | are that of


a)
b)
c)
d)

13.

Last count x number of vibrations


Last count / no of vibrations
Last count x 100%/( no: of vibrations)
Last count no of vibrations

HZ
T-1
MLT
LT-1

_____
The dimensions of term TX l/m is the same as the dimension of
a)
b)
c)
d)

Acceleration
Velocity
Force
Non of these

17.

How many days are there in one second?


a)
b)
c)
d)

18.

The time taken by the light form sun to earth is


a)
b)
c)
d)

19.

1.16 X 10-5
1.16 X 10-8
8.64 X104
8.64 X10-4

1 min 20 s
6 min 20 s
8 min 20 s
7 min 20 s

The diameter of the earth is about


a)
b)
c)
d)

6.4 X 106 m
6.4 X 1012 m
1.28 X 107 m
1.28 X 1011 m

20.

The time taken by light from moon to earth is 1 min 20S. the distance b/w earth and
moon is
a)
2.4 X 108 m
b)
3.75 X 106 m
c)
2.4 X 1010 m
d)
3.75 X 108 m

21.

An example of fundamental unit is


a)
b)
c)
d)

22.

There are __________ nano meter in one meter


a)
b)
c)
d)

23.

Newton
Ampere
Joule
Coulomb

10-9
109
10-19
None of these

The diameter of radian is


a)
b)
c)
d)

[T-1]
[ML-1]
[LT]
None of these

24.

The specific temperature of a filament bulb is


a)

1800o C to 2000o C
2000o C to 3000o C
3000o C to 4000o C
None of these

b)
c)
d)

25.

According to the equation E=mc2 the energy obtained from 1KG is


a)
9 X 1017 J
b)
9 X 1016 J
c)
3 X 108 J
d)
9 X 108 J

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

d
b
c
b
c
c
d
b
a
b
b
c
a
c
b
b
a
c
c
a
b
b
d
b
b

CHAPTER 2
VECTOR, FORCE AND TORQUE
1.

A vector in space has.


a)
c)

2.

4.

8.

A/2
A2

(b)
(d)

300
900

(b)
(d)

00 to 900
2700 to 3600

2A
A2/2

600
450

(b)
(d)

a)

2i 2j + k
3

(b)

c)

2i 2j + k

(d)

1800 to 2700
900 to 1800

a)

20J

(b)

2i 2j + k
9

2i 2j + k
5
A force of 10 N acts on a body and displaces it through a distance of 20 cm in the
direction of force the work done by the force is
10J

(c)

200J

(d)

2J

Which of the following is true?


AxB= BxA
AxB= -BxA

(b)
(d)

A. B = -B. A
A. B B. A

If A = 2i 3j and B = i + 2j , then A . B is equal to


a)

10.

Impulse
Momentum

^ ^ ^
The unit vector in the direction of vector A = 2i 2j + k is

a)
c)
9.

(b)
(d)

The angle of a vector A = Axi Ayj with x-axis will be in b/w,


a)
c)

7.

Torque
Density

Dot product of two non-zero vectors is zero when the angle between them is.
a)
c)

6.

one components
None of the above

The unit vector in the direction of a vector A of magnitude 2 is:a)


c)

5.

(b)
(d)

All of these are vectors except.


a)
c)

3.

Three components
Two components

2i 6j

(b)

(c)

-4

(d)

Zero

(b)

(c)

-1

(d)

k .i = i . k is equal to
a)

Zero

11.

If A x B = 0 then either of the two vector is a null vector or A and B are


a)
(d)

12.

8j

(b)

zero

(c)

(d)

6k

Ax2 + Ay2 + Az2


(Ax2 + Ay2 + Az2)1/2

(b)
(d)

(Ax + Ay+ Az)2


A/3

AB

(b)

Zero

(c)

(d)

ABk

They are parallel.


They are anti-parallel

(b)
(d)

They are perpendicular


They are equal

Associative
Multiplicative

(b)

Additive

(c)

Commutative

B will be a zero vector


(b)
B and A are parallel to each other
B will be non zero vector

A & B are perpendicular

If A x B = C points along +ive z axis then the vectors A and B must lie in
(a)
(d)

20.

= tan-1 F2/F1
= tan-1 F1F2

For A 0 if A.B = 0 and A x B = 0 then


(a)
(b)
(c)

19.

(b)
(d)

If A . B = B . A then the scalar product is:


(a)
(d)

18.

= tan F1F2
= tan-1 F1/F2

The Scalar product of two vector is negative when.


(a)
(c)

17.

Inclined

If A = Ai and B = Bj then A.B is equal to


(a)

16.

(c)

The magnitude of a vector A = Axi + Ayj + Azk is


(a)
(c)

15.

Parallel

If A = 2j and B = 4j then A x B is equal to


a)

14.

(b)

F1 and F2 are the x and y-components of a force F respectively, making an angle with
x axis. The angle is given by.
a)
c)

13.

Perpendicular
None of the above

zx plane
xz- plane

(b)

xy-plane

(c)

yz-plane

If A = 3i + 6j, B= xi + k and A.B = 12, then x-will be equal to


(a)

(b)

(c)

12

(d)

21.

If A = K and B = -6j, then A x B is equal to


(a)

22.

27.

28.

A . B = A (Bcos)
A . B = B (A cos)

r = xi +yj
r = xk + yj

(b)
(d)

-6

A . B = A Bcos
All of the above

(b) r =yj + zk

(c)

Zero (b)
Infinity
None of the above

A = A1 + A2
A = A1 X A2

(c)

(b)
(d)

(a)

r = xi + zk

Maximum

A = A1 + (-A2)
None of the these

A
(d)
n
n
A
In three dimensional space the position vector is written as.
(a)
(c)

r = xi + y k + zy
r = xk + yj + zi

(b)

nA

(c)

(b)
(d)

r = xj + yi + zk
r = xi + yj + zk

(b)
(d)

Scalar quantity
None of these

Torque is a
Vector quantity
Base quantity

In a couple the resultant of two force is.


(a)

30.

(d)

When a vector A is multiplied by a number n then the magnitude of the resultant vector
becomes.

(a)
(c)
29.

6i

If the difference between vectors A1 and A2 is vector A


(a)
(c)

26.

(c)

The scalar product of two non-zero vectors which are at right angle to each other is equal
to.
(a)
(d)

25.

Zero

The position vector r in y z plane is expressed as


(a)
(d)

24.

(b)

The scalar product of A and B is given by


(a)
(c)

23.

-6i

2F

(b)

F/2

(c)

(d)

Torque is equal to zero if


(a)
(d)

= 1800
= 600

(b)

= 900 (c)

= 300

zero

31.

In rotational motion the torque is equal to


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

32.

Torque = Force x________?


(a)
(c)

33.

r F Cos

F = 0
(b)
F = 0 and T = 0

T = 0

(c)

(d)

rFn

F = 0 and T = 0

T=O
L=O

(b)

P=O

(c)

rF sin
rF cot

(b)

rF cos

(c)

F=O

rF tan

T=rx F
(b)
T = (r x F)

r .F = T

T=rxF

N/m
Nm

(b)

N/m2

(c)

N m2

ML-1T-2

(c)

MLT

(c)

Inertia

Dimension of toque is.


(a)
(d)

40.

(c)

SI unit of torque is
(a)
(d)

39.

Zero

Torque acting on a particle with respect to origin is given by.


(a)
(d)

38.

(b)

The magnitude of torque is defined as.


(a)
(d)

37.

r F sin

A body will be in translational equilibrium if.


(a)
(d)

36.

Mass
Speed

A body is said to be in complete equilibrium


(a)
(d)

35.

Momentum (b)
Moment arm (d)

When r and F are perpendicular to each other then torque is


(a)

34.

Rate of change of velocity


Rate of change of linear momentum
Rate of change of angular momentum
Change of linear momentum

MLT-2
ML2T-2

(b)

Torque is a rotational analogue of.


(a)
(d)

Force
Impulse

(b)

Velocity

41.

The vector product of position vector r and force F is equal to


(a)
(d)

42.

Minimum

(b)

Zero

(c)

Maximum

(d)

Non of these

T = F/l
T = Fl

(b)

T = Fl

(c)

T = l/F

Positive
(b)
All of the above

Negative

(c)

Zero

If the moment arm about the origin is zero then torque is:
(a)
(d)

46.

Torque

Torques producing anti-clockwise rotations are taken as


(a)
(d)

45.

(c)

The magnitude of the torque exerted by the couple when force is F and arm of couple is l,
is given by.
(a)
(d)

44.

Velocity

The torque produced by a central force about an axis is.


(a)

43.

Acceleration (b)
Momentum

Infinite
Zero

(b)

Maximum

(c)

Minimum

When two equal and anti-parallel force act on a body and produce rotation, they are said
to constitute a.
(a)
(d)

Torque
(b)
Moment of force

Couple

(c)

Angular velocity

47.

Three coplanar force acting on a body keep it in equilibrium they should therefore be.
(a)
Parallel
(b)
Non-concurrent
(c)
Concurrent
(d)
Non of the above

48.

A metallic bob suspended by a string in the vertical plane will be in.


(a)
(c)

49.

Rotational equilibrium
(d)
None of these

The first condition of equilibrium of a body is satisfied if.


(a)
(c)

50.

Translational
(b)
Complete equilibrium

Its linear velocity is zero


(b)
Its angle acceleration is zero (d)

The cross product of r and F is called


(a)
Torque
(b)
Turning effect of force
(c)
Moment of force
(d)
All of the above.

Its linear Acceleration is zero


Non of the above

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.

a
c
a
c
c
a
d
c
c
a
b
b
b
c
b
c
c
a
b
b
c
d
b
a
b
b
d
a
d
a
c
c
d
d
c
a
a
d
d
c
c
b
b
a
d
b
c
c
b
d

CHAPTER 3
FORCE AND MOTION
(MCQs)
1.

The change in the position of a body is called.


(a)
(d)

2.

(e)

(c)

Zero

(b)

2 m/s2

(c)

Speed
Velocity

(b)
(d)

2 m/s2 (d)

42 m/s2

s as t approaches zero is called.


t

Instantaneous speed
Instantaneous Velocity

5km/hr-min (b)
5 km-hr/min

5km/hr2

(c)

5 km/min2

Only x component
No component

(b)
(d)

x and y components
Only y component

Remains constant with time (b)


Decrease with time
(d)

Change uniformly
N.O.T

The range of projectile for these two angles is the same.


(a)
(d)

9.

v
a

In a projectile motion the horizontal and vertical components of velocity.


(a)
(c)

8.

(b)

Motion of a body is called two dimensional if it has


(a)
(c)

7.

Displacement

The speed of a body at the end of four successive minutes is 20, 25, 30, 35 km/hr. the
acceleration of the particles is.
(a)
(d)

6.

v
a

The limiting value of the ratio


(a)
(c)

5.

(c)

An object completes one cycle in 2 sec with constant speed in a circle of radius 1m. the
magnitude of its acceleration is.
(a)

4.

Velocity

Which of the following figures shows positive acceleration?


(a)

3.

Speed
(b)
Acceleration

(100, 700)
(800, 150)

(b)

(50, 850)

(c)

(600, 400)

The angle for which the max height is equal to the range of projectile is.
(a)

730

(b)

740

(c)

750

(d)

760

10.

A ball is thrown horizontally from a point 45m high with velocity of 10m/s. the time to
reach the ground is.
(a)

11.

(c)

450

(d)

600

Force
N.O.T

(b)

Impulse

(c)

Torque

392 N

(b)

39200N

(c)

.392N

(d)

3.92N

Zero m/s

(b)

2 m/s (c)

4 m/s (d)

8 m/s

Zero m/s

(b)

2 m/s (c)

4 m/s (d)

8 m/s

P2/2m

(b)

2m/p2

(c)

2p2/m

(d)

2pm

0 m/s

(b)

100 m/s

(c)

200 m/s

(d)

N.O.T

4 m/s

(b)

16 m/s

(c)

64 m/s

(d)

.25 m/s

36

(b)

40

(c)

30

(d)

44

The velocity of a projectile at maximum height is


(a)

21.

300

If the momentum of a body decreases by 20% the % age decrease in K.E is


(a)

20.

(b)

The speed of a 4 kg body with momentum 16 kg m/s is


(a)

19.

150

A very heavy particle moving with 100 m/s collides elastically with a very light body at
rest. The velocity of light body after collision is.
(a)

18.

30.3 sec

The K.E of a body in terms of its momentum P is.


(a)

17.

(d)

In the above case the velocity of B after collision is.


(a)

16.

3.03 sec

Body A of mass 2kg moving with 4m/s collides elastically with B which is at rest. If both
are identical then the velocity of A after collision is.
(a)

15.

(c)

A stone has a mass 40-gram. Its weight is.


(a)

14.

.22 sec

The change in momentum of a body is equal to.


(a)
(d)

13.

(b)

The angle for which the range of projectile is equal to half of its max range is
(a)

12.

4.5 sec

Vi sin

(b)

Vi cos

(c)

Maximum

The time for maximum height of projectile is given by.

(d)

Zero

(a)
(d)
22.

(b)

2 vi sin /g

(c)

vi sin /g

Horizontal range of projectile is Vi2/g sin2. for what value of 2 range is max.
(a)

23.

vi sin/g
vi sin2 /g

900

(b)

450

(c)

00

(d)

N.T.O

Body A of mass 2 kg moving with 4m/s collides elastically with B which is at


rest. If both are identical then the velocity of B after collision is then the total momentum
after collision is
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

8kg m/s
16 kg m/s
4 kg m/s
None of them

C
3 KM

24.

A body moves from A to B and then from B to C as shown


the figure the displacement of the body is
A 4km
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

90

in

7 KM
5 KM
12 KM
0 KM
In the above figure, if he takes 5 hours from A to C then the average velocity is

25.

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

1.4 Km/h
1 Km/h
2.4 Km/h
Non of these

ANSWERS:
Q.No.

Ans

Q.No.

Ans

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

10

23

11

24

12

25

13

26

CHAPTER 4
WORK, POWER & ENERGY
1.

A body is pushed through a distance of 2m by a force of 20N applied perpendicular to the


direction of displacement. The work done is.
(a)

2.

(b)

Negative

(c)

Zero

(d)

None

Gravitational field
All of the above

(b)

Electric field (c)

Magnetic field

20J

(b)

120J

(c)

1200J

(d)

5J

1000 watt
980 watt

(b)

6000 watt

(c)

9800 watt

4 time
One third

(b)

Double

(c)

One-half

Heat energy

(b)

K.E

(c)

P.E

(d)

Solar energy

16 times
8 times

(b)

4 times

(c)

3 times

Watt is the unit of.


(a)

10.

Positive

When the mass and speed of a body are doubled the K.E becomes.
(a)
(d)

9.

10J

Energy stored in an atom is.


(a)

8.

(d)

If the velocity of the body is doubled its KE becomes


(a)
(d)

7.

40J

The power required to pump 1000kg of water up 60m in one minute is.
(a)
(d)

6.

(c)

A machine of power 10 watts operates for a period of 2 minutes. The work done by it is.
(a)

5.

20J

Which of the following is a conservative field?


(a)
(d)

4.

(b)

The work done against the force of friction is.


(a)

3.

Zero

Flux

(b)

Energy

(c)

Work

(d)

Power

P.E is increased when work is done.


(a)
(d)

By the field (b)


All of the above

Against the field

(c)

Along the field

11.

The K.E required by a mass m after covering a fixed distance S from rest under a
constant force is directly proportional to.
(a)

12.

(d)

(b)
(d)

Equal to change in KE
Less than the change in K.E

Kilowatt
Watt

(b)

Horse Power

(c)

Joule

2.5 Kilowatt
33.5HP

(b)

25 Mwatt

(c)

50 HP

ML2T-2
ML-1T-1

(b)

ML-1T2

(c)

ML-2T2

P = F.A
P=FxV

(b)

P = W.V

(c)

P=F.V

0.5J

(b)

2J

(c)

1J

(d)

0.25J

Gm Re
Me
GmMe
Re2

(b)

mMe
Re2

(c)

GmMe
Re

The escape velocity at the earths surface is.


(a)
(d)

20.

Greater then the change in K.E


Equal to P.E

The mathematical expression for absolute P.E is given by.


(a)

19.

m2

The K.E acquired by a body of mass 500gm moving with a speed of 2m/sec is.
(a)

18.

(d)

Which of the following is correct for power?


(a)
(d)

17.

The dimensions of K.E are.


(a)
(d)

16.

(c)

25000 watts power is equal to


(a)
(d)

15.

1/m

The unit of power in British engineering system is.


(a)
(d)

14.

(b)

Work energy principle implies that the work done by the applied force is.
(a)
(c)

13.

11 x 103 m/sec
11 x 104 m/s

(b)

1.1 x 103 m/sec

(c)

The fossil fuels are.


(a)
(d)

Coal
(b)
All of the above

Petroleum

(c)

Natural gas

1.1 x 105 m/sec

21.

One kilowatt hour is equal to.


(a)
(d)

22.

(c)

Elastic energy

(d)

Heat energy

450

(b)

00

(c)

900

(d)

1800

0.02J

(b)

30 J

(c)

120 J

(d)

60 J

Gravitational force
Positive work done

(b)
(d)

Negative work done


Work done

Drift velocity
Escape velocity

(b)
(d)

Terminal velocity
Angular velocity

540w

(b)

1080w

(c)

40w

(d)

Momentum & impulse


Torque and energy

(b)
(d)

Work & energy


Mass & moment of inertia.

The relation between the escape velocity and orbital speed Vo is given by.
(a)
(d)

30.

K.E

Which of the following pairs do not have identical dimensions?


(a)
(c)

29.

(b)

The power rating of an electric motor that draws a current of 3A when operated at 120V
is.
(a)

28.

P.E

The minimum velocity required by an object to go out from earths gravitational pull is
called.
(a)
(c)

27.

3.6 x 106J

Lowering of a bucket full of water is an example of.


(a)
(c)

26.

(c)

The consumption of energy by a 60-watt bulb in 2 sec is.


(a)

25.

3600J

The total work done is zero if the angle between force and displacement is.
(a)

24.

(b)

The work done in lifting a body through some height against the force of gravity is
stored in it as.
(a)

23.

36000J
36 Joule

Vesc = Vo
Vesc = 2 Vo

(b)

Vesc = 2 Vo

(c)

Vesc = Vo

The largest deposits of coal the world over are found in.
(a)
(d)

Pakistan
Russia

(b)

U.S.A

(c)

Saudi Arabia

360w

31.

The solar energy absorbed by earth every year is about.


(a)
(c)

32.

Moon

(c)

Mars (d)

Planted

400 megawatt
200 megawatt

(b)
(d)

137 megawatt
600 megawatt

Lahore, Karachi
Quetta, Chashma

(b)
(d)

Rawalpindi, Karachi
Karachi, Chashma

Punjab
Baluchistan

(b)

N.W.F.P

(c)

Sind

Tidal power stations are installed in the countries.


(a)
(d)

37.

(b)

The huge reservoirs of sui gas are located at Sui in.


(a)
(d)

36.

Sun

In Pakistan, the nuclear power reactors are located at.


(a)
(c)

35.

4 x 1017 KWh
0.4 x 1017 KWh

Pakistans first nuclear reactor at Karachi (KANNUP) produces electricity.


(a)
(c)

34.

(b)
(d)

The tidal energy is due to the gravitational pull of.


(a)

33.

4 x 1012 KWh
4 x 1015 KWh

France
(b)
All of the above

Alaska

(c)

Which of the following is not conservative?


(a)
Magnetic force
(b)
Electric force
(d)
Frictional force

Argentina

(c)

Gravitational force

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.

a
b
d
c
c
a
c
d
d
b
a
b
b
d
a
c
c
c
a
d
c
a
c
b
b
c
d
d
b
b
b
b
b
d
d
d
d

CHAPTER 05
1.

The acceleration of an object falling freely is.


(a)
(d)

2.

(c)

mg + ma

(d)

mg-ma

rad/s2

(b)

rev/s2

(c)

rad/s

(d)

rev/s

No Centripetal force (b)


Constant velocity
(d)

Centripetal force
no direction

0.5 rad/s
200 m/s

(b)

10 rad/s

(c)

20 m/s

Act along same direction


Act perpendicular

(b)
(d)

Act in opposite direction


None

Linear Momentum
Orbital angular momentum

(b)
(d)

Spin Angular momentum


None

Gets maximum
Become Infinite

(b)
(d)

gets minimum
None

The SI unit of angular momentum is


(a)
(d)

10.

mg

The diver can spin faster when its moment of Inertia.


(a)
(c)

9.

(b)

The momentum of any spinning body is called.


(a)
(c)

8.

Zero

Both centripetal force and centripetal acceleration.


(a)
(c)

7.

9.8 m/s2

If a racing motorcycle moves with a velocity of 10 m/s on a circle of radius 20m, then its
angular velocity is
(a)
(d)

6.

(c)

A body moving with uniform acceleration on a circular path has


(a)
(c)

5.

-9.8 m/s2

The SI unit for measuring angular acceleration is.


(a)

4.

(b)

The apparent weight of a person in an upward moving lift with acceleration a is


(a)

3.

Zero
None

kg sm-2 (b) kgms-1 (c)


kgm2 s-2

kgm2 s-1

The moment of Inertia of 100 kg sphere and having 50cm radius is.
(a)
(d)

100 kg m2
2.5kg m2

(b)

0.25kg m2

(c)

500kg m2

11.

The rotational K.E of any hoop of radius r is given by.


(a)
(d)

12.

1/2 r2

(c)

1/2 f2

9.8 m/s
14 m/s

(b)

10 m/s

(c)

11.4 m/s

2gR

(b)

gR/2

(c)

gk

(d)

gR/m

Indian Ocean (b)


All of the above

Pacific Ocean (c)

Atlantic Ocean

Power
(b)
K.E
Angular momentum

(c)

Momentum

Moment arm (b)


Torque
(d)

Moment of inertia
Angular momentum

A body is rotating in a vertical circle of radius 2m the tension in the string is minimum at
(a)

19.

(b)

Inertial mass is analogues to


(a)
(c)

18.

1/2 I2
1/2 2v2

The dimension of torque is similar to the dimension of


(a)
(d)

17.

r22

The world communication can be done by positioning the geostationary satellites above.
(a)
(d)

16.

(c)

The minimum velocity required to put a low-lying satellite above the earth is.
(a)

15.

1/2 mr2

A disc starting from rest rolls down a 10m high hill its velocity at bottom will be
(a)
(d)

14.

(b)

A disc of mass m is moving down on an incline plane then its rotational K.E is
(a)
(d)

13.

1/2mr22
1/2r2

At top

(b)

At bottom

(c)

At sides

(d)

The Dimension of angular momentum is similar to the Dimension of


(a)
(c)

Gravitational constant
Planks constant

(b)
(d)

Momentum
None

None

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

c
c
a
b
a
a
c
b
c
d
a
a
c
a
d
b
b
a
c

CHAPTER - 6
1.

The force experienced by an object moving through fluid is called a.


(a)
(d)

2.

2gr2/9

(c)

9r2/2g

Non viscous
All of them

(b)

incompressible

(c)

Nsm -2

Ns-1m-2

uniform flow

Nsm -3
Ns-2m-2

(b)

(c)

0.019 x 10-3
0.049 x 10-3

(b)

0.029 x 10-3

(c)

0.04 x 10-3

Irregular flow
Stream line flow

(c)
(d)

Turbulent flow
None

Venturies effect
Torricellis effect

(b)
(d)

Bernoullis effect
flow rate

Speed of a fluid flow can be measured by


(a)
(d)

9.

(b)

The product of cross sectional area of the pipe and the speed of flow at a certain point
along the pipe is.
(a)
(c)

8.

2r2/9g
9gr2/2

If each particle of fluid passing through a point follows the same path them flow is called.
(b)
(d)

7.

Field force

The viscosity of air at 300C in Nsm-2 is


(a)
(d)

6.

(c)

The SI unit of viscosity is


(a)
(d)

5.

Dynamic force

A fluid is said to be ideal when it appears.


(a)
(d)

4.

(b)

The correct expression for terminal velocity is.


(a)
(d)

3.

Static force
Drag force

Barometer
Pascals meter

(b)

Thermometer

The density of human blood is.


(a)
(c)

Lesser then water


Greater than water

(b)
(d)

Nearly equal to water


Change abruptly

(c)

Ventorismeter

10.

The SI unit of flow rate is


(a)

11.

14.

Viscosity effect
Pressure effect

(b)
(d)

m2/s2

m3/s3

(d)

6.42m/s

speed effect
Venturis effect

V2 = 2g/h1-h2 (d)

V2 = 2g/h1 + h2

V2 = 2g(h1 + h2)

Venturies meter is a device used to measure.


Viscosity of fluid
Density of a fluid

(b)
(d)

Speed of a fluid
All of the above

A standard torr in N/m2 is expressed as.


133.3

(b)

1333

(c)

13.33

(d)

1.33

Newton calculated the value of speed of sound in air which is less then the experimental
value by.
18%

(b)

20%

(c)

16%

(d)

None

The energy transmitted per unit area per unit time is called.
Loudness

(b)

Beats

(c)

intensity

(d)

Work

(c)

(d)

none

(c)

Remains constant

The ratio of inertial mass to gravitational mass is


1

(b)

1/2

From poles to equator, the value of g


(a)

20.

(c)

(c)

(a)
19.

5.42m/s

(b)

(a)
18.

(b)

V2 = 2g(h1-h2),

(a)
17.

4.42m/s
None

(a)

(a)
16.

(c)

The Torricelliss expression is written as.

(a)
(c)
15.

m2/s

In any fluid the effect of decrease in pressure with increase in speed is called as
(a)
(c)

13.

(b)

A two meter high tank is full of water. If a hole appears at its middle then the speed of
efflux
(a)
(d)

12.

m3/s

Increases

(b)

Decreases

(d)

none

If we go inside the earth equal to its radius, the value of g becomes


(a)

2g

(b)

zero

(c)

-g

(d) remains constant

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

d
b
d
b
a
c
d
c
c
a
a
d
a
b
a
c
c
a
b
b

CHAPTER - 7
1.

The displacement for the projection of a point moving around circular path is.
(a)
(c)

2.

Suspension system of car


Suspension system in cycle

(b)
(d)

Suspension system in aeroplane


All of the above

It contains water molecules


None

(b)

Do not contain water molecules

Extreme position
(b)
Any distance from its mean position (d)

Mean position
None of the them

Unknown frequency
Speed

(b)
(d)

Amplitude
None of them

Loss in energy
(b)
Neither gain nor loss

Gain in energy

Increase

(b)

Decrease

(c)

Neither increase nor decrease

While deriving the equation for simple pedulum the displacement from its mean
position is taken.
(a)

10.

1/2 kx02

If we add more weight in case of mass spring system its time period will
(a)

9.

(c)

Damping phenomenon produce


(a)
(d)

8.

Kx2

Sonometer is an instrument though which one can determine


(a)
(c)

7.

(b)

The P.E of S.H.M oscillator will found minimum at


(a)
(c)

6.

1/2 kx2
None

In microwave oven the plastic or glass do not heat up because


(a)
(c)

5.

x = x0 (Sin t + )
x0 = x sin t

The concept of damping is used in the.


(a)
(c)

4.

(b)
(d)

The total energy of mass spring system is.


(a)
(d)

3.

x = x0 cos t
x0 = x cost

Small

(b)

Large

(c)

Neither small nor large

Maximum velocity of the mass spring system is given by the equation is.
___
___
__
(a)
x0 k/m
(b)
x0 m/k
(c)
x0 mk

(d)
11.

The graph obtained by SHM is.


(a)

12.

13.

(a)

T = 2 m/k

(d)

T = 1/2 k/m

T = 2 x/g

(c)

T = 2 g/x

Motion of ball rolling in a curved disk


Motion of Swing
Motion of a vehicle
Non of the them

Displacement (b)
None

Velocity

(c)

Acceleration

kx

(b)

- kx

(c)

k/x

(d)

- k/x

2Hz

(b)

1.5 Hz

(c)

0.5 Hz (d)

1 Hz

4 sec

(b)

1 sec

(c)

2 sec (d)

none

If the amplitude of S.H. oscillator is doubled, its time period


Increases by 4 (b)

Decreases by 2

_
(c) Decreases by 2 (d) None

When a pendulum clock in a elevator is allowed to fall freely, its time period will
(a)

20.

(b)

If the length of second pendulum is quadrupled its time period becomes

(a)
19.

Tan waves

The frequency of 2nd pendulum is

(a)
18.

(c)

The equation for elastic restoring force is.

(a)
17.

Cos wave

In a Hooks law, force is directly proportion to the.

(a)
16.

(b)

Which one is the example of S.H.M.?

(a)
(d)
15.

Sinusoidal wave

The equation for time period of mass-spring system is give by (vertically suspended)

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
14.

None

Becomes 2 T (b)

Becomes infinite (c) Becomes zero (d) Becomes 4

In resonance the amplitude of vibrating body is


(a)

Infinity

(b)

Very large

(b)

Very small

(d)

None

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

a
c
d
b
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
b
c
a
d
b
b

CHAPTER 8
1.

In a physical pendulum the torque about the pivot due to gravity is


(a)
(c)

2.

Zero
A/2

(b)
(d)

2A
2A

0.63 s
6.3 s

(b)
(d)

0.69 s
63 s

matter from one place to another place


energy from one place to another place
both energy and matter from one place to another place
none of them

/4

(b)
(d)

/2
2

The speed of the transvers waves depend upon.


(a)
(c)

9.

(b)
(d)

The distance b/w the consective node and anti node is


(a)
(c)

8.

/2
3 /2

Waves do not transport.


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

7.

amplitude
Displacement

The Spring constant of a spring is 20N/m the period of 200-gm mass at the end of this
spring is.
(a)
(c)

6.

Square of amplitude
(b)
Square root of displacement (d)

If two vibrations of the same frequency are super imposed on a system with equal
amplitude the max resultant amplitude could be.
(a)
(c)

5.

mg D cos
mg cos

What will be the phase difference b/w the damping force and driving force?
(a)
(c)

4.

(b)
(d)

In a S. H. M the period of oscillation is directly preparation to the.


(a)
(c)

3.

mg sin
mgD sin

T/m
T only

(b)
(d)

Greater is the speed of the sound


(a)
(b)

greater is modules of elasticity


Less is modules of elasticity

m/T
m only

10.

(c)
Greater is the density
(d)
None
The basic condition for path difference in a destructive interference is.
(a)
(c)

11.

Single loop
Three loops

(b)
(d)

Two loops
None of them

Compressional standing wave (b)


None of them
(d)

Transverse standing waves


both of them

7
9

(b)
(d)

8
10

Doubled
Tripled

(b)
(d)

quadrupled
none

The frequencies of string higher than fundamental frequency are called


(a)
(c)

17.

Fundamental frequencies
None of them

If the tension in the string is made 4 times of its initial value, the frequency of transverse
wave is
(a)
(c)

16.

(b)
(d)

How many beats a human ear can detect in 1 s


(a)
(c)

15.

Quantized frequencies
Limited frequencies

All the equation for standing wave can also be applied for
(a)
(c)

14.

(m + 1)
none

When a string is clamped b/w two end is plucked in the middle the it will be vibrate in a
(a)
(c)

13.

(b)
(d)

The set of all frequencies due to which the string is moving is different loops is called
(a)
(c)

12.

(m + )
m

Simple frequency
Over tones

(b)
(d)

Multiple frequency
None

The unit of intensity level Bell is equal to


(a)
(c)

100 db
20 db

(b)
(d)

10 db
40 db

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

c
c
b
d
a
a
c
a
a
a
a
a
d
a
a
c
b

CHAPTER 9
1.

Which of the following phenomena of light differs from the other?


(a)
(c)

2.

Intensity is constant
Wave length is 2m

(b)
(d)

Amplitude is constant
None of the above

Intensity decreases
Amplitude increase

(b)
(d)

Intensity increases
Amplitude decrease

Speed of light
Propagation light

(b)
(d)

dispersion of light
Reflection of light

Selective absorption
(b)
Scattering through particles (d)

reflection through crystals


All of the above

The fringe width in double slit experiment is.


(a)

9.

resolution of light
All of the above

The phenomena of polarization is done by.


(a)
(c)

8.

(b)
(d)

Huygens principle is used to explain.


(a)
(c)

7.

Polarization of light
Interference of light

The light rays, which combine destructively, would mean that resultant.
(a)
(c)

6.

Distance between the slits and the screen.


Size of the slits
Intensity of light
Size of the screen

Monochromatic source of light means source whose.


(a)
(c)

5.

Dispersion of light
Pair production

Newton rings are experimentally derived from the phenomena of.


(a)
(c)

4.

(b)
(d)

Fringe spacing in the interference pattern produced by young double slit experiment
depends upon.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

3.

Photoelectric effect
Compton effect

d/D

(b)

D/2d

(c)

D/d (d)

Newtons rings are produced due to phenomena of.


(a)
(d)

Diffraction
(b)
None of the above

Interference

(c)

Dispersion

Dd

10.

The middle point of the Newton rings is.


(a)

11.

(b)

(c)

/2

(d)

/4

Dichoric substance.
Super conductors

(b)
(d)

Organic substance
None of the above

900 phase change


270 phase change

(b)
(d)

1800 phase change


No change in phase

Crystal
(b)
None of the above

simple grating

(c)

Narrow slits

/2

(b)

(c)

(d)

Particles
(b)
Particles of wave (d)

Waves
Neither particles nor waves

m
(m + 1) /2

(b)
(d)

(m + 1/2 )
(m + )/2

The bending of light around the edges and corners of an obstacle is


known as
(a)
(c)

19.

In youngs double slits experiments of conditions for destructive


interference is that the PD is
(a)
(c)

18.

None

Corpuscular Theory explains that light consists of


(a)
(c)

17.

(d)

To get consecutive dark or bright fringes the mirror in Michelson interferometer should
be moved by.
(a)

16.

Bright line

X-rays shows diffraction from.


(a)
(d)

15.

(c)

A Ray coming from a rare medium is reflected from the boundary of denser medium will
have.
(a)
(c)

14.

Dark line

Polarizers are made by special substance called.


(a)
(c)

13.

(b)

If the movable mirror M, in Michelson interferometers moved a distance of /4 the path


difference changed by.
(a)

12.

Red

Interference
Refraction

(d)

(b)
Diffraction
Transmission

The Braggs equation, in x-rays diffraction is given by

(a)
(c)
20.

d sin = m
d/2 sin = m

(b)
(d)

2dsin = m
dsin = (m + )

Which of the following phenomenon shows that wave length of light is


shorter than wave length of sound?
(a)
(c)

Interference
Polarization

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.

b
a
c
d

(b)
(d)

Diffraction
Refraction

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

a
c
d
c
b
b
c
a
b
a
a
a
b
b
b
b

CHAPTER 10
GEOMETRICAL OPTICS
1.

Critical angle of a Medium depends on.


(a)
(c)

2.

Refractive index of the medium


Intensity of the beam of light

(b)
(d)

Speed of light in air


relative refractive
Index of the two medium

Television signals are changed in to light signals by means of.

(a)
(d)
3.

Capacity
Band with

(b)

Power

(c)

Resolving power

1/2 diopter
1/24 diopter

(b)

9 diopter

(c)

1/5 diopter

f1 7f2
f1 = 2f2

(b)

f1 < f 2

(c)

f1 = f 2

Real and inverted


Virtual and erect

(b)
(d)

virtual and inverted


real and magnified

2m

(b)

2cm

(c)

5m

(d)

.5m

A convex lens of glass is immersed in water compared to its power in air its power in
water will.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

10.

Produce total internal Reflection


Filter light

The power of converging lens is 2 diopter its focal length will be


(a)

9.

(b)
(d)

For a real object a convex mirror always from an image, which is.
(a)
(c)

8.

Absorb unnecessary light


Transmit light

A convex lens of focal length f1 and concave lens of focal length f2 are placed in contact
the combination will act as convex lens if
(a)
(d)

7.

LED

Two thin lenses of focal length 20cm and 25cm are placed in contact. The effective power
of the combination.
(a)
(e)

6.

(c)

The ability of an instrument to reveal the minor details of any viewed abject is called.
(a)
(d)

5.

Decoder

Cladding in optical fibre is used to.


(a)
(c)

4.

Transistor
(b)
Optical fibre

diminish for red light and increase for blue light


not change at all
increase
Diminish

If we decrease the aperture of a lens change will occur in


(a)
(c)

Position of the image


Intensity of the image

(b)
(d)

size of the image


Both position and size

11.

A cut diamond sparkles because of.


(a)
(c)

Its hardness
(b)
Emission of light by diamond (d)

its high refractive index


absorption of light

11.(b) If we take two lenses of same power are placed in contact with each other the focal length
of the combination will then.

12.

(a)

Increases

(e)

None

decreases

(c)

Remain same as that of


Individual lens

A man 2.2m tall stands 6m in the front of a plane mirror the image will be tall of.
(a)

13.

(b)

2.2m

(b)

1.6m

(c)

6m

(d)

The relationship between image size I and image distance d for real image formed by a
converging lens which graph best representation of the relation ship.

I
(a)

I
(b)

I
(c)

(d)
d

d
14.

15.

16.

67 inches

The length of astronomical telescope for normal adjustment is.


(a)

fo x fe

(a)
(d)

Violet light
Blue light

(b)

fo + fe

fo
fe
The refractive index of a given piece of transparent quartz is the greater for.
(b)

(c)

Green light

fo-fe

(c)

(d)

Red light

The minimum distance b/w the object and its real image formed by a convex lens of focal
length f is

(a)
(c)
17.

1cm
1 meter

cm
10 cm

15 cm
35 cm

(b)
(d)

25 cm
45 cm

Real and erect


Virtual magnified and erect

(b)
(d)

real and inverted


virtual, inverted and magnified

If half of a convex lens is covered then it will give:


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

No image of an object
Clear image as before when it was not covered
An image with less brightness
Half image of the object

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

(b)
(d)

Final image formed by a simple microscope is


(a)
(c)

20.

2f
4f

A normal eye can see an object distinctly if it is placed at a distance of:


(a)
(c)

19.

(b)
(d)

The power of the lens is one dioptre, if its focal length is


(a)
(c)

18.

f
2.5f

d
c
b
c
b
b
c

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

d
b
c
b
a
a
b
c
d
c
b
c
c

CHAPTER 11
(HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS)
1.

The unit of Boltzman constant K is.


(a)

2.

JK-1

(b)

JK

(c)

KJ-1

The value of Bottzman constant is.


(a)

1.38 x 10-24 JC-1

(b)

1.38 x 10-23 JK-1

(d)

JC0

(c)
3.

4.

PV = nRT

(b)

PV = 3RT

(c)

PV = NT

(d)

PV = RT

The mass m of a single atom in terms of molecular mass M and Avogadro number NA is
given by.

10.

NAM

(d)

N-O.T

2/3 KT

(b)

3/2 KT

(c)

3KT

(d)

2KT

8.314 J kmol-1 K-1


8314 K mol-1 K-1

(b)
(d)

8.314 J mol-1 K-1


8314 J K mol-1 K-1

N = n / NA
N.O.T

(b)

N = NA/ n

(c)

N = NA n

Pressure
All of these

(b)

Volume

(c)

Temperature

The pressure of an ideal gas can also be written in terms of and velocity v as.
(a)

P = 1/2 V2

(b)

P = 1/3 2V

(c)

P = 1/3 V2

(d)

P = 1/2 V2

The energy added to a system in such a way that the difference of temperature is not
directly involved is called.
Heat

(b)

Internal energy

(c)

Work (d)

The process in which the pressure of the gas remains constant is.
(a)
(d)

12.

(c)

The average K.E per molecule depends on the.

(a)
11.

NA/M

The total number of molecules N in a gas is calculated in terms of number of moles n


and Avogadro number NA as

(a)
(e)
9.

(b)

The value of universal gas constant R is given by.

(a)
(d)
8.

M/NA

The average K.E of a molecule is equal to.

(a)
(c)
7.

1.38 x 10-23 J/mol

(a)

(a)
6.

(d)

For one mole of an ideal gas the gas equation is.

(a)
5.

1.38 x 10-20 J/K

Isochoric
Adiabatic

(b)

Isobaric

The no of moles in 5 gram of helium is.

(c)

Isothermal

N.O.T

(a)
13.

16.

(c)

20

(d)

1.25

40%
70%

(b)

50%

(c)

60%

Planks constant
Boltzman constant

(b)
(d)

Universal gas constant


Joules constant

The efficiency of Carnot engine in terms of LTR temperature T2 and HTR temperature T1
is given by.
(a)

1-T1/ T2

(b)

(T2-T1)/ T1

(c)

T1-T2/ T1

(d)

T1/ T1-T2

The efficiency of cornot engine is


(a)

17.

For an ideal gas Cp-Cv is equal to


(a)
(c)

15.

(b)

If the temperature of LTR is 350 K and the temperature of HTR is 700 K then the
efficiency of a heat engine is.
(a)
(d)

14.

100% (b)

>100%

(c)

<100%

(d)

None of these.

Molar heat capacity of a gas at constant volume is given by.


(a)

Cv = n T
Qv

(b)

Cv =

Qv
nt

Cv = Qv
(d)
Cv = n Qv
n
T
Which one is not the unit of temperature?
(c)

18.

(a)
(c)

19.

(b)
(d)

C
Fo

Work performed to produced 1gm of water by rubbing two ice blocks together is
(a)
(c)

20.

K
J

336J
670J

(b)
(d)

540J
746J

The graph shown in the figure represents


p

P1, v1, T

P2, v2, T

v
(a)
(c)

Adiabatic process
Isobaric process

ANSWERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

a
b
d
a
b
b
c

(b)
(d)

Isothermal process
Isochoric process

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

c
c
c
b
d
b
b
c
c
b
c
a
b