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BeOS Deskripsi dan Sejarah Sistem Operasi BeOS merupakan sistem operasi untuk komputer personal yang dikembangkan pada tahun 1991 oleh sebuah perusahaan bernama Be Inc. Sistem Operasi ini pertama kali dirancang untuk dijalankan pada perangkat keras bernama BeBox. BeOs sendiri dibangun untuk sistem kerja media digital dan dikatakan dapat mengambil keuntungan dari fasilitas perangkat keras seperti symmetric multiprocessing dengan memanfaatkan bandwith modular I/O, pervasive multithreading, preemptive multitasking dan File sistem jurnal 64-Bit yang biasa di sebut BFS. GUI atau Graphical User Interface dari sistem operasi BeOs sendiri telah dikembangkan pada prinsip-prinsip kejelasan dan mempunyai desain yang sudah rapi. Sistem Operasi Be OS diposisikan sebagai platform multimedia yang bisa digunakan oleh Popoulasi yang cukup besar dari pengguna desktop dan menjadi kompetitor dari sistem operasi lain seperti Mac OS serta Microsoft Windows dimasanya. Namun, BeOS pada akhirnya tidak dapat mencapai peuang saham pasar secara signifikan dan terbukti tidak dapat berjalan secara komersial seperti yang diharapkan perusahaan pengembangnya yaitu Be Inc. Perusahaan Be Os telah diakusisikan oleh perusahaan Palm Inc dan sekarang Sistem Operasi ini digunakan dan dikembangkan lago oleh sebagian kecil pengguna setianya seperti pengembang Sistem Operasi Open-Source bernama Haiku yang melakukan pelengkapan implementasi ulang dari sistem operasi BeOs dan mereka mendesain kembali dari bagian sistem yang tidak terjamah. Mereka menamai sistem tersebut menjadi Haiku Alpha 4 yang dikeluarkan pada november 2012. Performa Sistem Operasi Seperti yang sudah ditulis sebelumnya bahwa sistem Operasi BeOS dioptimasikan untuk kinerja media digital dan ditujukan untuk mengambil beberapa keuntungan dari fasilitas yang ada di perangkat keras komputer modern. Desain Interfacenya pun sudah dibangun sesuai prinsip-prinsip kejelasan dan tampila muka yang rapi. Application programing Interface (API) dari Sistem operasi BeOS sendiri menggunakan bahasa C++ sebagai bahasa programnya. BeOS juga mempunyai kompatibiliats partial dari POSIX seperti Sistem Operasi UNIX dan mempunyai akses untuk menjadi Command-Line Interface melalui Bash, meskipun secara internalnya tidak benar benar menyerupai Sistem Operasi UNIX Versi dan implementasi Initially designed to run on AT&T Hobbit-based hardware, BeOS was later modified to run on PowerPC-based processors: first Be's own systems, later Apple Inc.'s PowerPC Reference Platform and Common Hardware Reference Platform, with the hope that Apple would purchase or license BeOS as a replacement for its aging Mac OS.[4] Apple CEO Gil Amelio started negotiations to buy Be Inc., but negotiations stalled when Be CEO Jean-Louis Gassée wanted $300 million;[5] Apple was unwilling to offer any more than $125 million. Apple's board of directors decided NeXTSTEP was a better choice and purchased NeXT in 1996 for $429 million, bringing back Apple co-founder Steve Jobs.[6] In 1997, Power Computing began bundling BeOS (on a CD for optional installation) with its line of PowerPC-based Macintosh clones. These systems could dual boot either the Mac OS or BeOS, with a start-up screen offering the choice.[7] Due to Apple's moves and the mounting debt of Be Inc., BeOS was soon ported to the Intel x86 platform with its R3 release in March 1998.[8] Through the late 1990s, BeOS managed to create a niche of followers, but the company failed to remain viable. Be Inc. also released a stripped-down, but free, copy of BeOS R5 known as BeOS Personal Edition (BeOS PE). BeOS PE could be started from within Microsoft Windows or Linux, and was intended to nurture consumer interest in its product and give developers something to tinker with.[9][10] Be Inc. also released a stripped-down version of BeOS for Internet Appliances (BeIA), which soon became the company's business focus in place of BeOS.[11] In 2001 Be's copyrights were sold to Palm, Inc. for some $11 million. BeOS R5 is considered the last official version, but BeOS R5.1 "Dano", which was under development before Be's sale to Palm and included the BeOS Networking Environment (BONE) networking stack, was leaked to the public shortly after the company's demise.[12][13] In 2002, Be Inc. sued Microsoft claiming that Hitachi had been dissuaded from selling PCs loaded with BeOS, and that Compaq had been pressured not to market an Internet appliance in partnership with Be. Be also claimed that Microsoft acted to artificially depress Be Inc.'s initial public offering (IPO).[14] The case was eventually settled out of court for $23.25 million with no admission of liability on Microsoft's part.[15] After the split from Palm, PalmSource used parts of BeOS's multimedia framework for its failed Palm OS Cobalt product.[16] With the takeover of PalmSource, the BeOS rights now belong to Access Co Continuation and clones In the years that followed the demise of Be Inc. a handful of projects formed to recreate BeOS or key elements of the OS with the eventual goal of then continuing where Be Inc. left off. This was facilitated by the fact that Be Inc. released some components of BeOS under a free licence. Here is a list of these projects:  BlueEyedOS: It uses a modified version of the Linux kernel which allows it to run Beos applications. It is free and open source software. There have been no releases since 2003.[18]  Cosmoe: A user interface for Linux that can run most BeOS applications. It is free and open source software. The last release was in 2004 and its website is no longer online. [19]  E/OS: short for Emulator Operating System. A Linux and FreeBSD-based operating system that aimed to run Windows, DOS, AmigaOS and BeOS applications. It is free and open source software.[20] Active development ended in July 2008.  Haiku: A complete reimplementation of BeOS not based on Linux. It is free and open source software. The first alpha release, "Haiku R1 / Alpha 1", was released on September 14, 2009.[21] The second alpha release, "Haiku R1 / Alpha 2", was made available on May 9, 2010,[22] and the third alpha release, "Haiku R1 / Alpha 3", on June 18, 2011.[23] "Haiku R1 / Alpha 4" was released November 12, 2012.[24] As of 2014, it is the only BeOS clone still under development. Zeta was a commercially available operating system based on the BeOS R5.1 codebase. Originally developed by yellowTAB, the operating system was then distributed by magnussoft. During development by yellowTAB, the company received criticism from the BeOS community for refusing to discuss its legal position with regard to the BeOS codebase (perhaps for contractual reasons). Access Co. (which bought PalmSource, until then the holder of the intellectual property associated with BeOS) has since declared that yellowTAB had no right to distribute a modified version of BeOS, and magnussoft has ceased distribution of the operating system.[25] Version history Release DR1–DR5 DR6 (developer release) DR7 DR8 Advanced Access Preview Release PR1 (preview release) PR2 R3 R3.1 R3.2 R4 R4.5 ("Genki") Date October 1995 January 1996 April 1996 September 1996 May 1997 June 1997 October 1997 March 1998 June 1998 July 1998 November 4, 1998 June 1999 Hardware AT&T Hobbit PowerPC PowerPC and Intel x86 R5 PE/Pro ("Maui") R5.1 ("Dano") Memori March 2000 November 2001 Intel x86