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By Cyrus Maxwell Boger, M. D.

Presented by Sylvain Cazalet

We will now leave the Liliace for a few hours in order

to consider Sabadilla, veratrum-alb., Veratrum-vir. and
Colchicum, obtained from the nearly related Melanthace.
Because of the presence of the mixed alkaloid Vertarine in
all but the latter, Sabadilla and a Veratrum have many
symptoms in common. It is an intense irritant, causing
violent sneezing, tingling, prickling, numbness, formication,
and finally paralysis of the end nerves.
Sabadilla and its alkaloids show a deeper action than the
mere effect of a pure irritant, for we read of tears flowing as
soon as pain is felt in any part and its application exciting a
formication which extends to the remote parts of the body,
all showing reflex symptoms through the nervous system,
which is, indeed profoundly affected. The Sabadilla patient
has many sensory illusions and imagines himself sick or
thinks certain parts have enlarged or shrunken, all of which
bears a close relation to the sense of crawling and itching
induced thereby. There are many nervous phenomena,
spasms, twitchings, hemicrania, colics, coughs, sneezing,
etc., reflex from or connected with worm, abdominal or other
irritations. Spasmodic sneezing, reflex from any slight cause.

Dr C.M. Boger

It was formerly used to destroy vermin and many of the skin symptoms are like those felt by
nervous persons in the presence of a parasite.
It is particularly helpful for wormy children who have snuffles. Patients with pinworms are
often hard to prescribe for because the worms and the reflex symptoms which they cause may be
the only evidences of sickness ; here Sabadilla easily leads all remedies.
A large part of its irritative action expends itself upon the upper respiratory tract, inducing
sore throat, which usually begins on the left side and often extends to the right, accompanied by
a severe constriction, constant necessity to swallow, profuse salivation and lachrymation, it is
worse from empty swallowing and better from hot drinks and after steep, resembling Lachesis
somewhat, but which, as you know, is worse from hot drinks and worse after sleep.
From what I have said, you have by this time, doubtless, inferred its usefulness in influenza,
hay fever, etc., where it has been used quite extensively. It is, however, well to remember that in
the so-called rose-cold it is very apt to have a palliative action only, and that it will generally not
prevent its yearly recurrence, for which purpose the deeper acting antipsorics are more suitable.
In hay fever it is indicated by the predominance of sneezing, with itching tingling within the
nose, complete obstruction and a watery discharge, all worse in the open air.

In this disease it merits comparison with Cepa, Squilla, Arundo, Wyethia, Nux-vomica and
Cepa is indicated by a bland lachrymation with a acrid coryza, better in the open air and
accompanied by sleepiness and flatulency.
Squilla will be needed if there is much bloating around the eyes, while the patient continually
rubs them sneezes. The teeth may show black marks.
Arundo. as pointed out by Dr. Allen, of Philadelphia is perhaps the most important remedy. It
is called for by much sneezing running of frothy mucus from the nose and itching of the soft
Wyethia. dry sensation in the throat, although mucus is abundant. Tickling on the edges of the
eyelids. The lips feet scalded and swollen. Itching of the soft palate, is compelled to scratch it
with the tongue. Great depression of spirits.
Under Nux-vomica the itching also extends to the throat and we have the typically sensitive
Nux patient.
Under Kali-bi., the eyes fill with acrid mucus, which collects in little irritating masses ; they
run a scalding water and are agglutinated in the morning. There may be a sticky, deep yellow
discharge from the nose.
Veratrine has been used empirically for neuralgias of various sorts by the old school ; we may
make similar use of Sabadilla when the pains seem like hot needles penetrating the part or are
accompanied by tingling and prickling, always worse from cold.
Sabadilla has a distinct and clock-like periodicity fitting it for malarial and other intermittent
complaints when thirst is absent and the patient complains of coldness mingled with isolated
flushes of heat or alternating with hot flashes. In this exact periodicity it is to be compared with
Cedron and Aranea diadema.
Many symptoms appear or recur at the new or full moon.
Burning sensations are very prominent and may occur almost anywhere. In general the
symptoms predominate on the right side or go from thence to the left. In the throat, however, the
reverse holds good.
The Sabadilla patient is usually chilly and generally made worse from cold, although he feels
relief in the open air, quite like Pulsatilla ; he is also worse from thinking of his-complaint and
often magnifies a slight symptom into a serious disease.
It is to be compared with Arsenicum especially in the respiratory sphere, in symptoms induced
by irritations in distant parts, in sensations of hot needles in the suffering part, etc.

C. M. Boger
Parkersburg, W. Va.

Convallaria Majalis.
By Cyrus Maxwell Boger, M. D.
Presented by Sylvain Cazalet

The lily of the valley belongs to the natural order from which
we derive Aloe, Asparagus, Cepa, Colchicum, Helonias,
Lilium tig, Paris quad, Sabadilla. Sarsaparilla. Scillia and
Trillium pend. Some authors also place Veratrum in this order,
others put in the related Melanthacea. All of these have
symptomological points of contact with Convallaria ; its nearest
congener is Lilium tig. In common with it affects the heart and
female genital sphere conjointly ; in the case of the latter,
however, the primary impression is on sexual organs, the heart
and other symptoms being generally regarded as reflex. In the
former the action is first manifest on the heart muscle, the
general muscular system quickly following with analogous
symptoms, its homopathicity to rheumatic myocarditis is
undoubted, but seems to have been over-looked ; it has the same
muscular enfeeblement of the heart and hmorrhagic tendency,
as well as the general sense of muscular soreness ; its use in
dropsies shows it to be the true similar where due to myocardial
Convallaria Majalis, L.
weakness, as in the case cured by Nash, using the 20th potency.
It must, however, not be supposed that a curative action can be obtained where this muscle
weakness is the result of leaky or stenosed valves. This remedy pictures relaxation in its every
phase, with mental depression and tendency to chilliness, especially from drafts ; eating -and rest
ameliorate many symptoms, is evidently poorly nourished and the stimulation of food therefore

Convallaria Majalis, L.

Labor-like pains better when standing is a very valuable hint and differentiates it from
numerous other remedies.
The comparisons embrace the botanically related remedies, also Cactus and Digitalis, like
Cactus, its picture embraces a combination of heart and hmorrhagic symptoms, its action on

the heart it most similar to Digitalis ; it is similar to the Veratrum and Colchicum in the gastrointestinal, sphere.
C. M. Boger
Parkersburg, W. Va.

Philosophy and the Repertory.

By Cyrus Maxwell Boger.
Presented by Sylvain Cazalet
(Read before I. H. A., Bureau of Materia Medica, June 22, 1934.)

Our old, brutal materialism seems to be slowly melting

away, gradually merging into what a clearer light shows to be
action, reciprocal on every plane ; even medicine is not
escaping the metamorphosis. The power of nature which
demonstrates the survival of the fittest is being transformed
into another phase wherein its contained good is made to
grow at the expense of that which is not quite so good.
Early medicine did much groping about until the later
Renaissance opened up even the doctors' minds to the hidden
treasures of the past as well as excited their curiosity into
turning them into newer paths.
Such a background helps us to understand how the spirit
which animated Hahnemann finally led him into researches
Dr C. M. Boger
of which we today are the beneficiaries. Whether we shall
continue to deserve the legacy must rest with every individual conscience. Let it not be inferred
that a mind capable of bringing to the light of day such an ethereal concept of vital action, must
necessarily also inaugurate an irresistible reform. The thinking processes of an eminently
conservative profession are far too Darwinian for that. We must remember that a concept having
the form of finality is moribund from its inception.
In the very year of my graduation Madam Blavatsky laid down the postulate that "the essence
of life is consubstantial with electricity". We are only now beginning to fully realize how true
this is. She further said that before the end of the ninetieth century new discoveries would upset
the dicta of science. It was left to the role of our own Madam Curie to fulfil this prophesy. How
well she did it we realize more and more every day. Truly the destructive power of radium is not
limited to malignancies by any means, and by the strongest of inferences we must admit that the
developments of physics have rung the death knell of crude drugging as well as brought general
medicine face to face with Hahnemann's experiments and their consequences. It only remains to
be seen whether general enlightenment or medical progress will force the issue. The ax has been
laid at the tree of preconception and purely materialistic reasoning.
In order to correctly sense the sharpness of his tools the physician must needs have a just
comprehension of the physics of life especially as implied in the philosophy of the Organon. He
will then realize that Similia Similibus Curantur is a phase of the law of action and reaction on a
higher plane. It is an extension into the super physical where stabilization occurs, as here,
through the conversion of energy. In other words health cannot be regained until harmony in the
expenditure of vital energy again prevails. It is now beyond cavil that harmony can only be

established through the contact of a synchronously acting or vibrating force. Manifestly this must
be made through the nerve channels.
It is perhaps not too much to infer that this vital force must be of a fluidic nature and at
present perhaps still super physical, although we are confessedly on its borderland now. It is also
inter penetrative in that its effects are practically not only local but general at the same moment.
This conception of its action explains how it comes about that amelioration is felt in the mind
first, and progresses as long as no mental revulsion occurs. The first intimation that the remedial
response is beginning to slacken comes through mental attitude.
The experience of much prescribing often causes one to settle upon the use of only a few
drugs or at the best into choosing the more promising one from a rather small group. It is a loose
and easy way that neglects the minority indications, therefore is less precise and efficient. It
smacks of indolence and lack of mental agility, reminding one that versatility is not acquired
here any more easily than elsewhere. We are daily confronted with atypical cases that make the
careful assembling of all of their symptoms very important if we with to obtain a clear image for
which a counter-part is to be sought among our provings.
For this purpose we first search the repertory and then compare the actual provings unfit
convinced of their similarity. At present, it is the only feasible method, but it is surprising how
few men really know how to go about doing it well. Repeated practice, however, soon makes for
skill, particularly in evaluating symptoms, which is, after all, exceedingly important as well as
has considerable value in prognosis. Over stressing single symptoms or the wrong one easily
leads to one-sided prescribing, palliation and ultimate confusion. The whole picture with certain
outstanding points is the ideal to be sought for, if we wish to succeed.
About a score of our drugs act out the common ills of life in their pathogeneses. These
Hahnemann called polychrests and if we must have favorites let us learn all we can about these
first of all. They especially include Aconite, Belladonna, Bryonia, Chamomilla, China, Cina,
Ferrum phos., Gelsemium, Hyper, Ignatia, Ipecac, Lachesis, Mercury, Natrum mur.,
Phosphorus, Pulsatilla, Rhus. tox., Sulphur and the Veratrum. The sick making properties of
these drugs resemble those of sick people rather than disease forms. This is a very vital
distinction for the homopath.
At the most drug action can simulate types of disease in part only. No human entity can show
forth all or even a majority of the symptoms appertaining to a single drug or even of a single type
of disease. The nearest approach to this specificity is perhaps the relation of Mercury to syphilis
and yet Hahnemann, like the rest of us, supplemented its use with other drugs when quicksilver
lagged because of the presence of heterogeneous factors. The latter show themselves as side
symptoms seemingly having no connection with the disease in hand ; for which reason we view
them as the outcroppings of other miasms, that thereby deflect the vital force by just that much.
The older homopaths ascribe poor results to the presence of an all pervading miasm which
obscured and distorted the real indications. With an enormous increase in available pathogenetic
symptoms we do not feel this need so acutely, albeit often to our own disadvantage. Most
prescribers gradually enlarge the scope of their remedies quite beyond their seemingly legitimate

sphere of action. This springs from the fact that the simillimum releases reactive power strong
enough to re-establish harmony, which in turn is capable of sweeping away almost any morbid
condition. The crude similar, however, can remove but a small part of the symptom complex and
leaves behind a distorted image of the sickness, much harder to treat.
The best that can be said for partial prescribing is that sometimes removes the superimposed
load which blocks an effectual reaction. Such an impediment originates in the presence of some
miasm, pernicious drugging or suppression. Hahnemann inveighed strongly against excessive
depletion and pernicious polypharmacy ; we, however, are faced by the still more dangerous
procedure of serumization and ray treatments. The first always holds the menace of sensitization
and vasomotor effects, while the latter drives back upon the vital force every eliminative
function ; a more dangerous procedure is hard to imagine.
All in all it may be said that the utter therapeutic confusion of dominant medicine is only too
apparent to one who thinks clearly. It re becoming increasingly evident that autoantidotalism, as
serumization in the old school and Isopathy in our own, has captured a large part of the
therapeutic field. In either form it is incapable of doing more than removing a present incubus,
leaving the basic miasm untouched ; it therefore falls short of being the simillimum, hence of
doing the most good possible.
A word in conclusion. Jahr was ideally correct in slating that proper repertory analysis as well
as the pathogenetic picture should point out the same remedy independently of each other ; but
practically most of us use the former to amplify, clarify and complement the latter. For us the
proving text is too rigid and lacking in flexibility without the addition of some imagination ;
always a dangerous recourse, because resemblances are not equally evident to us.
For this reason we need the check and counter check of clinical evidence, in order that our
remedies may be properly delimited. This can be best accomplished by a system of coapting
symptoms and their related remedies as is now-a-days done with card indices, although these are
confessedly now in their formative stage. The procedure itself yields an entirely new point of
view and one fully consonant with Hahnemann's conception of the deduction to be drawn from
the clinical picture.
The method steps down the enormous rubrics of generalities and adds new ones composed of
the most diverse elements present in the clinical, picture, thereby forming the combination most
likely to contain the particular minuti so decisive for the homopathic remedy. In parting I
have a word to leave with you : Hold fast to the law, learn its implications and thereby cure
others ; it is the only way it can actually be accomplished. Are we as prescribers and healers
ready to take what should be the leading part in the reformation of therapeutics ?
Parkersburg. W. VA.


Dr. Donald Macfarlan : We ought to have a philosophy in

life, and in medical life, especially. The three principal
things, you might say the trinity, which are most valuable in
homopathy are the law of cure, in a single remedy, in a
minimum dose ; and that is just how Hahnemann developed
this system. First dawned upon him the law of cure, and
then in order to expedite cure, and in order to avoid
aggravation, he got the minimum dose.
Those three things have to enter into every correct
homopathic prescription. They are inseparable. Associated
with them is the frequency of repetition. I believe that the
only way you can skillfully adapt yourself to proper
repetitions is through provings, because you have your hand
in making well people sick and, conversely, making sick
people well.
The first thing that enters my mind when I see a sick person
is this : What remedy which you have proven would make
this fellow look like that ? And, if it occurs to my mind, say
that he needs Phosphorus, I give him Phosphorus.
Dr Donald MacFarlan

Dr. Grimmer : Dr. Boger

always gives us a splendid paper and this is an exceptionally
good one, even for Dr. Boger. It really is a textbook in a way. He
has shown us the fundamentals, the things that are so essential to
keep in mind ; first of all, the correct taking of the case ; second,
the evaluation of the symptoms-don't forget that. You can have
pages and pages of symptoms and have no case, and other
doctors can give you three, or four, or five symptoms, and you
have the picture of your remedy. That comes from the art of
evaluation of symptoms, knowing the symptoms that are really
symptoms of that sick patient, separated from the symptoms of
disease, the pathological symptoms, the symptoms that come as
diagnostic indication. They are not so valuable. Many times they
are almost valueless as far as prescribing goes.
Dr. Boger has gone further. He has shown the relationship of
these finer forces. It is the study of these finer forces and their
origin that is going to make homopathy accepted, and science is
Dr .A H. Grimmer
beginning-at least the progressive portion of science, consisting
of the great physicists of time-to pay attention to these very forces.
They have got so far beyond the ordinary sciences that they acknowledge that they cannot prove
some of the propositions. Compton has said that we have to accept some of this phenomena on
faith as it were. He has got beyond the idea of an automatic universe, not that he can prove from

reasoning altogether, but from the higher perception, the kind of perception that Hahnemann had.
He knows there is something beyond all these material things we see around us, and that is what
homopathy is. It reaches up into other planes. It reaches up into the mental state, even into the
spiritual, side of life, and that is why homopathy is vital. That is why it cures. That is why it
can wipe out inherited conditions.
Did you ever stop to think why a homopathic potency is especially adapted to wipe out
inherited traits ? We are told by scientists that a little grain of a cell, among the finest of
ultramicroscopic cells, carries all the germs and the chromosomes of the past. Nothing can touch
that but the homopathy remedy, and that is why we can prove it
Dr. Alfred Pulford : The whole thing devolves upon two
propositions, the taking of the case, which is the primary thing
and the next thing devolves on the primary action of the drug
upon the human being.
I have possibly the most complete card repertory that there is in
existence, but I have never used it. Just lately I took three cases
and, if I had not been well acquainted with the primary action of
the drug on the individual, I would have spent ample time and
possibly lost of the case, but, as it was, the case as taken brought
out the indication of the remedy so plainly that within a moment
of taking the case, I had the remedy, gave it in the 1000th
potency, and never had to repeat the dose.
Dr. Bryant : This is one of the papers I came three thousand
Dr Alfred Pulford
miles to hear. I don't think Dr. Boger realizes that in the Far West
he has many friends and many admirers ; in fact, it is this
International Hahnemannian Association that really keeps us men in the Far West interested and
stimulated and inspired.
I have had the pleasure of coming into homopathy by true apostolic succession. I was a
"regular" and met with Dr. Walter James ; I saw him pull my wife out of the grave when it
seemed that nothing more could be done, and then when I knew what it was really all about, I
realized that Walter James had been associated with Adolph Lippe for seventeen years, and
Adolph Lippe was a pupil of Samuel Hahnemann, and I am a pupil of Walter James ; therefore
the apostolic succession.
Here is what I want to tell you that Walter James explained to me as having been handed down
by Adolph Lippe, and as now again explained by Dr. Boger : The length of action of remedies
and how we can, persuade patients or enable patients to help us know when the remedy has
actually acted itself out ; and this was the diagram he gave me, and it is so indelibly impressed on
my mind that I thought probably it would be of some use to you.

First he drew two lines (using the blackboard), this line up here representing health, and this line
disease. It was very difficult for Dr. James to get to me the fact that a remedy of high dilution can
act a long time, and in order to fasten this in my mind, he made this diagram. Here is your
patient. Now, suppose you are using the 30th potency, he says if the remedy is properly selected,
the patient immediately begins to feel better, which means he rises toward health. He calls that
period the period of primary amelioration.
Perhaps you all know this.
Dr. Grimmer : It won't hurt us to have a repetition.
Dr. Bryant : Then he explained to me how nature steps in and
causes reaction to cure, and then this takes the downward turn,
the period of aggravations ; according to the potency you have,
of course, these lines are long or short, but anyway, whatever
the patient has gained here, he is sure to come back to, or he is
going to die. If he cannot rise from the period of aggravation,
you have a hopeless case, and that is one of the ways in which
you can gauge prognosis.
Then he travels along here until he goes through the same cycle
again. I have used this with patients right along, who did not
understand homopathy, and didn't know what I was talking
about. They say, "Dr, Bryant, I can't take the medicine, because
I feel very much worse." But, if I take the time to explain to
them the periods of action and reaction, they understand that.
Dr C. P. Bryant

I have always kept that diagram and have had many patients I
have been able to hold where otherwise I would not have been
able to do that.

Dr. Boger : I think the discussion is worth more than the paper. I frequently tell my family that
you never can see the end of a false action. The ultimate end of a false action can never be seen :
Dr. Bryant has told us about Walter James. He didn't know that I knew Walter James very well.
Walter James and I were great friends for a while, up to the time I left Philadelphia, and all that
he says about Walter James and Dr. Lippe is true, and how much I got through Walter James and
Dr. Lippe and he from Hahnemann direct, I leave for you to guess.
This action and reaction coincides exactly with my experience, that wave of action and reaction,
and most aggravations come from the-fourth to the sixth day after giving a remedy, sometimes
the seventh day, and, as Dr. Bryant has pointed out to you, it depends on how deep the patient
goes down in the aggravation whether he is ever going to come back again. Why is that ? That
depends on the amount of stored energy he holds. If he doesn't have stored energy enough to
come back, he never can come back, and every good homopathist has been guilty of killing
patients right at that point. I don't make any exception at all. Every good homopathic physician

has been guilty of killing patients right there. He has caused a reaction which destroyed the
patient. I have seen it.
What are you going to do about this thing ?
There is one very good point that has been handed to us by Hahnemann. Where you are
suspicious that the action of the patient's stored vitality cannot sustain the shock, give the remedy
by olfaction ; that is good practice, and you will get reaction, but much less violent. I know that
from actual experience, and you will bring out things that you can't get otherwise, and you won't
cause such a terrible drain on the patient.
Dr. Stevens : You mean in the first place give it by olfaction ?
Dr. Boger : Yes, the first thing.
One of the commentators intimated non-action, when you don't get action from remedies, and
there seems- to be no response at all. Non-action simply means you haven't touched the cord of
harmony ; that is all it means, and you always have behind that the remedies which bring up
reaction, such as Psorinum, Sulphur, and so forth. You can't get well without reaction, without
re-establishing harmony. That holds good in the physical world and in the mental world.
The physical body contains a certain amount of stored energy. When you give a remedy, you tap
that stored energy through an equalization of its distribution in the body. In that way you restore
harmony, just as surely as you can tap electric current by pushing the button.
There is one point I didn't bring out in the paper as fully as I should have done, and that is that
we can't all see resemblances as well as we should. Sometimes my mind is fitted so that I can see
certain resemblances and the other fellow can't, and sometimes it is the other way about, and the
other fellow sees the resemblance and I can't see it, even when it is pointed out to me. That is an
inherent factor of the mind.
I want to recite briefly an experience I had not long ago, right along that line. A man came to me
from a distant city and said he hadn't had any benefit a tall from the treatment he received there.
He had generalized eczema from head to foot, and those cases are always very difficult. I hesitate
to prescribe for them because, I am free to say, my success, is not invariable.
I sat and talked to him awhile. He had it so badly that the skin was cracked in places and exuded
a nasty, offensive, sweet odor. His face was bluish, and all together he was a rather forbidding
sight. The longer I talked to him the more I became convinced that he was an exact replica of
poisoning by Rhus venenata. I didn't look up the materia medica for that at all, but gave a single
dose of Rhus venenata MM. potency.
I said, "Don't take this till you get home, because something is going to happen." He waited until
he got home and took it. The third or fourth day he began to sweat all over. Then it was confined
to the left chest. It had the odor of rotten smoke. He had gout stones in the lobules of both ears.
Those both dropped out and he cleared up all over, peeled off all over.

Now, that Rhus venenata didn't cure him, because after a while it came back a little, but it didn't
come back enough to worry about and I didn't repeat the dose. I am going to let him ride along
and see how much reserve force he has back there to stabilize this thing again.

Source : Homopathic Recorder, May, 1937.

C. M. Boger
Parkersburg, W. Va.