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Chapter 7

RainwaterManagement
7.1

PURPOSE

The purpose of this chapter is to set forth provisions for planning, design and installation of rainwater
managementsystemsinbuildings.

7.2

SCOPE

7.2.1

This chapter specifies the general requirements for rain water harvesting for different categories of buildings
according totheir occupancy classification together with all ancillaryworks of ground waterrecharging suchas
perforatedpiping,pitsandinspectionchambers.

7.2.2

This chapter also covers the design, installation and maintenance of elements for rain water drainage systems
aroundthebuildingandledtopublicstormsewersortonearbysuitablesurfacewatersystem.

7.2.3

ThestormwaterdrainageongroundisnotcoveredbythisCode.

7.3

TERMINOLOGY

ThissectionprovidesanalphabeticallistofalltermsusedandapplicabletothischapteroftheCode.Incaseof
anyconflictorcontradictionbetweenadefinitiongiveninthissectionandthatinanyotherchapterorpartofthe
Code,themeaningspecifiedinthischaptershallgovernforinterpretationoftheprovisionsofthischapter.
BEDDINGFACTOR:Theratiooftheproductofdesignloadandfactorofsafetytotheminimumcrushingstrength.
BRANCH:Anypartofthepipingsystemotherthanamainorriser.
BUILDING DRAIN : The building (house) drain is that part of the lowest piping or open channel of a drainage
systemwhichreceivesthedischargesfromsoil,waste,andotherdrainagesystemsinsidethewallsofthebuilding
andconveysthesametothebuilding(house)sewer,beginningat0.9moutsidethebuildingwall.
BUILDINGSEWER:Thebuilding(house)seweristhatpartofthehorizontalpipingofadrainagesystemwhich
extendsfromtheendofthebuildingdrainandwhichreceivesthedischargeofthebuildingdrainandconveysit
to a public sewer, private sewer, individual sewage disposal system, or other point of disposal. Also known as
SEWER.
BUILDING STORM DRAIN : A building (house) storm drain is a building drain used for conveying rain water,
surfacewater,groundwater,subsurfacewater,condensate,coolingwater,orothersimilardischargetoabuilding
stormseweroracombinedsewer,extendingtoapartnotlessthan0.9moutsidethebuildingwall.Alsoknown
asSTORMDRAIN.
DRAIN: A drain is any pipe or open channel which carries waste water or waterborne wastes in a building
drainagesystem.
DRAINAGESYSTEM:Adrainagesystem(drainagepiping)includesallthepipingwithinpublicorprivatepremises,
which conveyssewage, rain water,or otherliquid wastes to alegalpoint of disposal, but doesnot include the
mainsofapublicsewersystemoraprivateorpublicsewagetreatmentordisposalplant.
DRINKINGFOUNTAIN:Afountainoratapraisedfromthefloorwithpotablewatersupplyconnection.
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EXISTINGWORK:Theexistingworkisaplumbingsystemoranypartthereofwhichwasinstalledpriortothedate
ofenforcementofthisCode.
FIXTUREUNIT:Afixtureunitisaquantityintermsofwhichtheloadproducingeffectsontheplumbingsystemof
differentkindsofplumbingfixturesareexpressedonsomearbitrarilychosenscale.
FLUSH VALVES: A flush valve is a device located at the bottom of the tank for the purpose of flushing water
closetsandsimilarfixtures.
FRENCHDRAIN:Ashallowtrenchfilledwithcoarserubble,clinkerorsimilarmaterialwithorwithoutfielddrain
pipes.
GRADE:Thegradeistheslopeorfallofalineofpipeinreferencetoahorizontalplane.Indrainageitisusually
expressedasthefallinmmpermlengthofpipe.
HORIZONTAL BRANCH : A horizontal branch is a drain pipe extending laterally from a soil or waste stack or
building drain, with or without vertical sections or branches, which receives the discharge from one or more
fixturedrainsandconductsittothesoilorwastestackortothebuilding(house)drain.
HORIZONTALPIPE:Ahorizontalpipeisanypipeorfittingwhichisinstalledinahorizontalpositionorwhichmakes
anangleoflessthan45degreeswiththehorizontal.
INTERCEPTOR: An interceptor is a device designed and installed so as to separate and retain deleterious,
hazardous,orundesirablematterfromnormalwastesandpermitnormalorliquidwastestodischargeintothe
disposalterminalbygravity.
INVERT:Thelowestpointoftheinternalsurfaceofapipeorchannelatanycrosssection.
LEADER : A vertical drainage pipe that carries rainwater from roof or gutter drain to building storm drain or
buildingdrainorprivatedisposalsystem.
LIQUIDWASTE:Theliquidwasteisthedischargefromanyfixture,appliance,orappurtenanceinconnectionwith
aplumbingsystemwhichdoesnotreceivefecalmatter.
LOADFACTOR:Theloadfactoristhepercentageofthetotalconnectedfixtureunitflowratewhichislikelyto
occuratanypointinthedrainagesystem.Itvarieswiththetypeofoccupancy,thetotalflowunitabovethepoint
beingconsidered,andwiththeprobabilityfactorofsimultaneoususe.
MAIN:Themainofanysystemofcontinuouspipingistheprincipalarteryofthesystem,towhichbranchesmay
beconnected.
MAINSEWER:SeePublicSewer.
MANHOLE : An opening by which a man may enter or leave a drain, a sewer or other closed structure for
inspection,cleaningandothermaintenanceoperations,fittedwithasuitablecover.
MANHOLECHAMBER:Achamberconstructedonadrainorsewersoastoprovideaccesstheretoforinspection,
testingortheclearanceofobstruction.
OFFSET:Anoffsetinalineofpipingisacombinationofelbowsorbendswhichbringsonesectionofthepipeout
oflinebutintoalineparallelwiththeothersection.
PUBLICSEWER:Apublicsewerisacommonsewerdirectlycontrolledbypublicauthority.AlsoknownasMAIN
SEWER.
RISER:Awatersupplypipethatextendsverticallyonefullstoreyormoretoconveywatertobranchesorfixtures.
SANITARY SEWER: A sanitary sewer is a pipe which carries sewage and excludes storm, surface, and ground
water.AlsoknownasSEWER.
SEEPAGEPIT:SeeSOAKPIT.
SEWAGE:Thesewageisanyliquidwastecontaininganimalorvegetablematterinsuspensionorsolutionandmay
includeliquidscontainingchemicalsinsolution.
SEWER:SeeBUILDINGSEWERorPUBLICSEWERorSANITARYSEWERorSTORMSEWER.
SLUDGE: A settled portion of the sewage or waste water effluent from a sedimentation tank in semisolid
condition.
SOAKPIT:Apit,dugintopermeablesoillinedtoformacoveredperforatedchamberorfilledwithsandatthe
bottomandgravelorbrokenbricksatthetopintowhicheffluentfromaseptictankorstormwaterisledand
fromwhichthesemaysoakawayintotheground.AlsoknownasSEEPAGEPITorSOAKWELL.
SOAKWELL:SeeSOAKPIT.

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SOILPIPE:Asoilpipeisanypipewhichconveysthedischargeofwaterclosets,urinals,orfixtureshavingsimilar
functions,withorwithoutthedischargefromotherfixtures,tothebuildingdrainorbuildingsewer.
STACK:Astackistheverticalmainofasystemofsoil,waste,orventpiping.
STORMDRAIN:SeeBuildingStormDrain.
STORM SEWER: A storm sewer is a sewer used for conveying rain water, surface water, condensate, cooling
water,orsimilarliquidwastes,exclusiveofsewageandindustrialwaste.AlsoknownasSEWER.
SUBSOILDRAIN:Asubsoildrainisadrainwhichreceivesonlysubsurfaceorseepagewaterandconveysittoa
placeofdisposal.
SULLAGE:Thedischargefromwashbasins,sinksandsimilarappliances,whichdoesnotcontainhumanoranimal
excreta.
SUMP: A sump is a tank or pit which receives sewage or liquid waste, located below the normal grade of the
gravitysystem,andwhichmustbeemptiedbymechanicalmeans.
SUPPORTS: The supports, hangers, and anchors are devices for supporting and securing pipe and fixtures to
walls,ceilings,floors,orstructuralmembers.
TRAP:Atrapisafittingordevicesodesignedandconstructedastoprovide,whenproperlyvented,aliquidseal
whichwillpreventthebackpassageofairwithoutmateriallyaffectingtheflowofsewageorwastewaterthrough
it.
TRAPSEAL:Thetrapsealisthemaximumverticaldepthofliquidthatatrapwillretain,measuredbetweenthe
crownweirandthetopofthedipofthetrap.
VERTICAL PIPE: A vertical pipe is any pipe or fitting which is installed in a vertical position or which makes an
angleofnotmorethan45degreeswiththevertical.
WASTEPIPE:Awastepipeisapipewhichconveysonlyliquidwastefreeoffecalmatter.

7.4

RainwaterHarvestingRequirements

7.4.1

General

Every building proposed for constructing on plots having extent of 300 sqm or above shall have facilities for
conservingandharvestingrainwater.

7.5

RainwaterHarvestingPlans

7.5.1

RequirementofPermit

Rainwaterharvestinganddrainagesystemshallnotbeinstalleduntilapermitforsuchworkhasbeenissuedby
theBuildingAuthorityforexisting(onlyforadditionorforalteration)ornewbuildingorforanyotherpremises.

7.5.2

ApplicationforPermit

Anapplicationforapermitforrainwaterharvestinganddrainageworkshallbemadeonaprescribedform(see
Appendix8.6.F)bythelicensedplumberandtheowner,orbyhisappointedpersonoragenttoinstallalloraself
contained or workable part of such work. The application shall accompany building rainwater harvesting and
drainage plans and adequate description of the proposed rainwater harvesting and drainage installation in a
drawing(drawntoascalenotlessthan1:100)withthefollowingdetails:

(a) Planofthebuildingandsitelayout;

(b) Rainwaterharvesting;

(c) Groundrechargingsystem;

(d) Stormdrainagesystem;

(e) Catchmentareas;

(f) Materials,sizesandgradientsofallproposedpiping;

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(g) The position of manhole, rainwater pipe, gutters, rainwater inlets, etc. in the premises and their
connection with storm sewer system or surface waters; the following colours may be used to indicate sewers,
rainwaterpipesandexistingworks:

Proposedstormsewersanddisposalpipes

Existingnetwork

(h) Theslopeofcatchments.

7.5.3

violet

black

Inadditiontorainwaterharvestinganddrainageplanaseparatesiteplanofthebuildingshallbesubmittedwith
thefollowingparticulars:

(a) Adjoiningplotsandstreetswiththeiridentification;

(b) Thepositionandinvertlevelofthestormsewers,(ifany),surfacedrainwaterandthedirectionofflowin
it;
(c) Theleveloftheproposeddrainagepipeconnectingtothestormsewers(ifany);
(d) Thepositionandlayoutofprivatestormdrainagesystem(inabsenceofpublicstormsewers);and

(e) Thealignment,sizeandgradientsofallharvestinganddrainagepiping.

7.5.4

For high rise and public buildings, design calculations and specifications for various items of the work involved
shallbesubmittedalongwiththedrawings.

7.5.5

PermitsandApprovals

Thebuildingofficialshallexamineorcausetobeexaminedallapplicationsforpermitsand,amendmentsthereto
within 45 days. If the application does not conform to the requirements of all pertinent laws, such application
shall be rejected in writing, stating the reasons therefore. If the proposed work satisfies all the Code
requirements,theAuthorityshallissueanontransferablepermit.

7.6

LICENSINGOFPLUMBER

7.6.1

LicenseRequirement

Noindividual,partnership,corporationorfirmshallengageinthebusinessofinstallation,repairoralterationof
rainwaterharvestinganddrainageworkwithoutobtainingalicensefromtheAuthority.

7.6.2

ExaminationandCertification

TheBuildingAuthorityshallestablishaplumbersexaminationboard.Theboardwilldeterminetherequirements
forthequalificationandproceduresforexaminationofapplicantsforlicense.TheAuthoritywillissuelicenseto
suchapplicantswhomeetthequalificationsthereforeandsuccessfullypasstheexaminationconductedbythe
board.

7.6.3

AnnulmentofLicense

ThelicenseofalicensedplumbermaybenullifiedbytheBuildingAuthority,ifitisprovedthataplumbingwork
has been completed and certified by the licensed plumber violating the provisions of this Code deliberately
settingasidetheapprovalsgiveninthepermitorwithoutreceivingthepermitfromtheBuildingAuthority.

7.7

RainwaterHarvesting

7.7.1

General

Rainwatercanbeconservedandusedinallusefulpurposesrelatedtouseofwater.Theamountofrainwaterto
be conserved depends upon the purpose of use, rainfall intensity at the locality and the available catchments

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fromwhererainwatershallbecollected.Rainwatercanalsobeusedforartificialgroundwaterrecharging.Two
majoraspectsofrainwaterharvestingareasfollows.
(a) Rooftoprainwaterharvesting,and
(b) Artificialgroundwaterrecharge.

RoofTopRainwaterHarvesting

7.8

Watercanbecollectedthroughroofguttersandrainwaterdownpipes.Provisionshallbemadetodivertthefirst
rainfallafterdryspelltoavoiddust,soot,andleavesetc.inthewatertobecollectedinto thewatertank.The
capacityofthewatertankshouldbeenoughforstoringwaterrequiredforconsumptionbetweentwodryspells.

7.8.1

PrecautionsinRainwaterHarvesting

Followingprecautionsshallbewellcared
(a) Nosewageorwastewatershouldbeadmittedintothesystem.
(b) Wastewaterfromareaslikelytohaveoil,greaseorotherpollutantsshallnotbeconnectedtothesystem.
(c) Eachrainwaterseepagewellshallhaveaninletchamberwithasilttraptopreventanysiltfromfinding
itswayintothesubsoilwater.
(d) Thewellsshouldbeterminatedatleast5mabovethenaturalstaticsubsoilwateratitshighestlevelso
thattheincomingflowpassesthroughthenaturalgroundconditionandpreventscontaminationhazards.
(e) Norechargestructureorawellshallbeusedfordrawingwaterforanypurpose.

7.8.2

QualifyingRainwaterforHarvesting.

Rainwatershallbetreatedadoptingfollowingmethodsmentionedaccordingtothepurposeofuse:
(a) For using rainwater in drinking, cooking, washing utensils bathing and ablution it shall be disinfected
alongwithfiltration.
(b) Forclothwashing,floorwashing,fountain,waterfallcascadeetc,rainwatershallbefiltered.
(c) For using in sprinkler fire fighting, air conditioning etc sedimentation of suspended particles will be
required.
(d) Fortoiletflushing,gardening,cleaningartificialground,parkinglotsetcscreeningfloatingmaterialsare
needed.

7.8.3

CatchmentsareaforCollectingRainwater

Rainwatercanbecollectedfromfollowingbuiltupareasforharvesting.
(a) Rooftopsurfaces
(b) Externalwallsandotherverticalsurfaces
(c) Balconies,sunshadesetc.
(d) Metalsurfaceofplaygrounds,openyardsetc.

7.8.4

DeterminingCatchmentArea

For flat surface, the catchment area is its plan area plus 50 per cent of the adjoining vertical wall contributing
rainwateraccumulationontheconcernedcatchment.Seeappendix8.6.E.
Forslopingroof,catchmentisconsideredtobetheactualinclinedroofarea.

7.8.5

StoringRainwater

Where rainwater will be used for domestic purpose, rainwater from roof or terrace may be led straight from
conductor(orleader)tooneormorestoragetanks.Storagetanksshallbeprovidedwithventilatingcovers.An
arrangement shall be made in the rainwater leader to divert the first washings from the roof or terrace
catchments as they will contain more undesirable materials. The open end of all pipes shall be covered with
mosquito(insect)proofwirenet.

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7.8.6 FlushingoutFirstRainwater
Beforestoringinitialrainwater,justafterstartingraining,shallbedrainedoutforaperiodasmentionedbelow.
Location

Time

Dhakametropolitanarea

20min

Sylhet

15min

Chittagong

15min

Otherurbanareas

15min

7.8.7 PrecautionsforRainwaterStorage
Followingprecautionarymeasuresshallbetakenforrainwaterstorage.
(a) Storagetankshallbemadewatertightinallrespect.
(b) Tankshallalwaysbekeptcovered.
(c) Regularcleaningatleastonceayear,preferablyatendofdryperiods,shallbedone.
(d) Disinfectionshallbedoneaftercleaningoperation.
(e) Tankshallbeventilatedandventpipeshallbecoveredbymosquitonet.
(f) Thetankmusthaveanoverflowpipeleadingtoanaturalwatercourse.
(g) Ifrawrainwaterand potablewateris tobestored inthesame storage tankseparated by aseparating
wall,thentheseparatingwallshallhavenoopenings.

7.8.8 RainwaterTreatment
Forpotablesystems,aplaingalvanizedrooforametalroofwithepoxyorlatexpaintisrecommended.Composite
orasphaltshinglesarenotadvisable,toimprovewaterquality,disinfectionshallbedoneinthefollowingway.
7.8.8.1

Chlorination

Chlorine must be present in a concentration of 1 ppm to achieve disinfection. Liquid chlorine, in the form of
laundrybleach,usuallyhas6percentavailablesodiumhypochlorite.Fordisinfectionpurposes,2fluidounces(
cup) must be added per 1,000 gallons of rainwater. Bleach products, however, not labeled cannot be used in
water treatment. A purer form of chlorine, which comes in solid form, is calcium hypochlorite, usually with 75
percentavailablechlorine.Atthatstrength,0.85ouncesbyweightin1,000gallonsofwaterwouldresultinalevel
of 1 ppm. Chlorine contact times are shown in Table 8.7.1. To filter out Giardia and Cryptosporidum cysts, an
absolute1micronfiltershallbeused.
Table8.7.1:ContactTimewithChlorine

Water

Watertemperature
o

45oF

40oForcolder

pH

50 Forwarmer

6.0

6.5

7.0

10

12

7.5

12

15

18

8.0

16

20

24

Contacttimeinminutes

7.8.9

DeterminingVolumeofRainwaterStorage

Determiningvolumeofrainwaterstorage
1000

Rainwaterstoragevolumeincum=

whereD=RainwaterdemandInliterpercapitaperday.
N=Populationnumber.

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D = Number of days for which water will be stored. Consider 90 days for drinking, cooking, utensils cleansing,
bathingandablutionpurposes;210daysforotherpurposes.

7.8.10 SizingofRainwaterDownPiping
Thesizeandnumberofverticalleadersorrainwaterdownpipesshallbebasedonthemaximumprojectedroof
area according to Table 8.7.2. Minimum two drains and vertical leaders shall be provided for any independent
roofsurface.
ThesizeofsemicircularguttershallbebasedonmaximumprojectedroofareaaccordingtoTable8.7.4.

7.8.11 INLETOFLEADERS
Inletofleadersonanyopensurfacesshallbeprovidedwithdomeshapedgratings.SizeoftheInletofanyvertical
leadershallbeonesizebiggerthanthesizeofthecorrespondingverticalleader.

7.8.12 DESIGNOFRAINWATERDISTRIBUTIONSYSTEM
Thedesignofrainwaterdistributionpipingshallbeinaccordancewithsec.5.10ofchapter5.

ArtificialGroundWaterRecharge

7.9

Stormrunoffshouldbeusedforaugmentationofgroundwaterreservoirwheregroundwaterdepletionrateis
more than one meter per year. Modifying the natural movement of surface water by constructing recharge
structures(seeFig.8.8.1)hasthefollowingobjectives:
(a) Enhancement of sustainable yield in areas where there is over development and depletion of the
aquifers.
(b) Conservationandstorageofexcessundergroundwaterintheaquifers.
(c) Improvementofthequalityoftheexistinggroundwaterthroughdilution.
(d) Maintaining the natural balance of the ground water and its usage as the rainwater is a renewable
supplysource
(e) Providingconstant,dependableandsafewatersupply.

7.9.1

DesigningRechargePit

Volume of recharge pit shall be on the basis of maximum intensity of rainfall in a shorter period of at least 15
minute.Itisaboutonefourthpeakhourlyrainfall
Capacityofrechargetank=AIsf/p
Where
A=Catchmentsarea
Is=Intensityofrainfallin15minutes
f=Runoffcoefficientand
p=Porosityoffilterbed=0.5

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GL
Inlet
Coarse sand
1.5 to 2mm

Gravel 5 to 10mm size


Boulder 5 to 20mm size
3mm slot size

Ball plug

Fig8.7.1.ARTIFICIALGROUNDWATERRECHARGESTRUCTURE

Largedrywellcanbeconstructedinaccordancewiththerequirementsforseepagepit(Sec6.9.15).However,for
smalldrywellshandlinglimitedquantitiesofrainwater,thepitmayconsistofaonemeterdepthlengthof1.0
0.45mdiameterpipefilledwithcrushedbricksstone.

7.10

DRAINAGEANDSANITATIONREQUIREMENT

7.10.1

General

Theobjectofstormwaterdrainageistocollectandcarry,theexcessrainwateraccumulatingwithinthepremises
of the building, for suitable disposal. In rainwater drainage system there shall be safeguard against fouling,
deposition of solids and clogging and with adequate inspection chambers so arranged that the drains may be
readilycleanedwithouttheriskofhealthhazard.

7.10.2

DesignFactors

Estimationofthequantityofstormwatershallbebasedonthefollowingfactors
(a) Imperviousnessofthesurface
(b) Groundslopeandtimeofconcentration
(c) Intensityoftherainfallforadesignperiodand
(d) Durationoftherainfall.

7.10.3

ImperviousnessoftheSurface

Thepercentageofimperviousnessofthedrainageareamaybeobtainedfromavailabledataforaparticulararea.
Intheabsenceofsuchdata,thefollowingvaluesmayserveasaguide:

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Imperviousnessfactorfordifferenttypeofareas

Typeofarea(percent)

7.10.4

Imperviousnessfactor

Commercialandindustrialareas

70-90

Residentialareas(highdensity)

6075

Residentialareas(lowdensity)

3560

Parksandunderdevelopedareas

1020

TimeofConcentration

Time of concentration to reach the farthest point of any drainage system or the outfall under consideration
shouldbeconsideredbetween5minto30min.
7.10.5

IntensityoftheRainfall

Rainwater Intensity data for the locality of the building shall be studied to arrive at the design parameters for
rainwaterharvestinginaccordancewithAppendixS.

7.10.6

RainwaterDisposal

Rainwaterfromrooforfrombuildingpremisesshallnotbedischargedintoseptictank.Thisshallbedrainedinto
storm sewer or combined sewersystem where available or into private disposal methods, water course or dry
well,Fig8.6.21and8.6.22.
7.10.6.1 Individual rain water traps shall be installed on the rainwater drain branch serving each leader or a
singletrapshallbeinstalledinthemainrainwaterdrain(buildingstormdrain)justbeforeitsconnection
withthecombinedbuildingsewer,maindrainorpublicsewer.
7.10.6.2 No traps shall be required for rainwater drains which will be used for rainwater collection and
connectedtoasewerdrainingrainwaterexclusively.
7.10.6.3 Subsurface drainage pipings for rainwater drainage shall not be less than 100 mm in diameter. The
subsoildrainagesystemshallbeprotectedbyanaccessiblylocatedbackwatervalveincasethebuilding
is subject to backwater or flooding. Subsoil drains shall discharge to a trapped area drain, sump, dry
welloranapprovedlocationabovegrade.
7.10.6.4 Rainwaterpipesshallnotbeusedassoil,wasteorventpipes.
7.10.6.5 All roof areas, except those draining to hanging gutters, shall be equipped with roof drains with
strainersextendingnotlessthan100mmabovethesurfaceoftheroofandshallhaveanavailableinlet
areanotlessthantwotimestheareaoftheleadertowhichthedrainwillbeconnected.
7.10.6.6 Itisrecommendedtohavemorethanonerainwaterdrainagepipeforprimaryroofdrainagesystemto
minimizeblockage.
7.10.6.7 It is recommended to provide secondary rainwater drainage system at a suitable elevation from the
roofthathasbeenconsideredinthecalculationofrainwaterloadtodesignthebuildingstructure.The
secondary drainage system shall be a separate drainage piping up to a storm sewer or private waste
(rainwater)disposalsystem.Thesizeofsecondaryrainwaterdrainagepipingshallnotbelessthanthe
sizerequiredforprimaryrainwaterdrainagepiping.
7.10.6.8 Frenchdrainsmaybeemployedassurfacewaterdrainsfordrainageofunpavedsurfaces.Construction
offrenchdrains(ifused)shallbeinaccordancewithestablishedengineeringpractices.
7.10.6.9 The design of such system shall be on the basis of location with respect to wells or other sources of
water, soil permeability, ground water elevation, area available and maximum occupancy of the
building.

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7.11

MATERIALSANDAPPLIANCES

The piping, fixtures and equipment to be used for rainwater harvesting and drainage system shall be in
accordancewithSec6.7inChapter6.

7.12

ConstructionofRainwaterStorageTank

TheconstructionofstoragetanksforrainwaterstorageshallbeinaccordancewithSec5.7inchapter5.

7.13

InstallationandConstructionofRainwaterHarvestingandDrainageSystem

7.13.1

Alljunctionsandjointsofrainwaterharvestinganddrainagepipingshallbewatertight.

7.13.2

Roofguttersshallbeofsuitablematerialofrequiredthickness.Alljointsshallbewatertight.

7.13.3

ThedepthofcovershallbeinaccordancewithSec7.9.8.

7.13.4

Thepipeshallbelaidtoevengradientsandchangeofgradientshallbecombinedwithanaccesspoint(Sec7.9.6).
However,accesspointsshallbeprovidedonlyifblockagescouldnotbeclearedwithoutthem.

7.13.5

The joints and connection in drainage and venting system shall be gastight and watertight for the pressures
required by the test, with the exception of those portions of perforated or open joint piping which will be
installedforthepurposeofcollectingandconveyinggroundorseepagewatertotheundergroundstormdrains.

7.13.6

Piping in rainwater drainage and harvesting system shall be installed without undue strains and stresses and
provisionshallbemadeforexpansion,contractionandstructuralsettlement.Verticalpipingshallbesecuredat
sufficientlycloseintervalstokeepthepipeinalignmentandcarrytheweightofthepipinganditscontent.The
horizontalpipingshallbesupportedatsufficientlycloseintervals(Sec7.8)tokeepitinalignmentandtoprevent
sagging.

7.14

HangersandSupport

The piping, fixtures and equipment used for rainwater harvesting and drainage system shall be provided with
sufficienthangersandsupportinaccordancewithSec5.13inChapter5.

7.15

PipeJoints

The joints between different piping and fittings shall conform to the standards in accordance with Sec 5.13 in
Chapter5.

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Chapter7

ProtectionAgainstRodent

Installation of pipes through any walls ceilings etc shall be made rodent proof in accordance with sec. 6.9.8 of
chapter6.

7.17

GradientofPipes

Lesserslopeofrainwaterdrainagepipeshallbeprovided.Thecomputedvelocityinthestormwaterdrainsshall
not be less than 0.6 m per second. The maximum recommended velocity shall be 2.5 m per second. For drain
pipestobeusedforrechargingtheflowvelocityshouldbe0.6mpersecond.

7.18

InspectionChambersandManholes

InspectionchambersandmanholesshallIncorporatedandconstructedinaccordancewith6.9.7.3ofchapter6.

7.19

BeddingandBackfilling

Theoperationofbeddingandbackfillingshallbeinaccordancewithsec.6.9.9ofchapter6.

7.20

DesignofRainwaterorStormWaterDrainagePiping

Designingofrainwaterdownpipeandstormwaterdrainagepipeincludesdeterminingthenumberofrainwater
downpipeandsizesanddeterminingthesizeofdrainpipesaccordingtothefallofdrainpipe.

7.21

SizingandFindingTheNumberofRainwaterDrainagePiping

7.21.1
Thesizeandnumberofverticalleadersshallbebasedonthemaximumprojectedcatchmentareaaccordingto
Table8.7.4.Minimumtwonumbersofroofdrainsandverticalleadersshallbeprovidedforanyindependentroof
surface.

7.21.2 SizingofStormWaterDrainagePiping
Thesizeofbuildingstormdrain,stormseweroranyoftheirhorizontalbranchesshallbebasedonthemaximum
catchmentareaincludingprojectedrooforpavedareatobedrainedinaccordancewithTable8.7.3.

7.21.3
ThesizeofsemicircularguttershallbebasedonmaximumprojectedroofareaaccordingtoTable8.7.4.
Table8.7.2

SizeofVerticalLeaders*

SizeofLeader**

MaximumProjectedRoofAreaandFlow

(mm)

(m2)

(l/min)

50

202

87

65

367

155

75

598

253

100

1287

544

125

2336

986

150

3790

1602

200

8180

3450

BangladeshNationalBuildingCode2011

6301

Part8
BuildingServices
*

Table8.7.2isbaseduponamaximumrainfallof25mmperhourfora1hourduration.Thefigurefor

drainageareashallbeadjustedtolocalconditions(Appendix8.6.E).
** Theequivalentdiameterofsquareleaderwillbethediameterofthatcirclewhichcanbeinscribed
withinthecrosssectionalarea.Theequivalentdiameteroftherectangularleaderwillbetheshort
dimensionoftherectangularleader.However,theratioofwidthtodepthofrectangularleadershallnot
exceed3:1.

Table8.7.3SizeofHorizontalBuildingStormDrainsandBuildingStormSewer*

Diameter

ofDrain

MaximumCatchmentAreaandFlowforVariousSlopes

(mm)

10mmperm

20mmperm

40mmperm

m2

l/min

m2

l/min

m2

l/min

75

299

125

422

177

599

252

100

668

288

965

406

1370

577

125

1215

515

1715

725

2430

1030

150

1950

823

2745

1157

3900

1645

200

4185

1765

5940

2500

8380

3540

250

7550

3185

10650

4500

15100

6370

300

12140

5100

17140

7236

24280

10250

375

21700

9120

30600

12900

43400

18300

Table8.7.3isbaseduponamaximumrainfallof25mmperhourfor1hourduration.Thefigurefor

drainageareashallbeadjustedtolocalconditionsinaccordancewithAppendix8.6.E.

Table8.7.4SizeofSemicircularRoofGutters*

Diaof

Gutter

MaximumProjectedRoofAreaforGutterofVariousSlopes

(mm)

5mmperm

l/min

10mmperm

20mmperm

40mmperm

m2

l/min

m2

l/min

m2

l/min

75

61

25

87

36

123

51

174

73

100

130

55

185

77

260

110

370

155

125

227

96

320

136

455

192

645

273

150

350

148

495

210

700

296

1010

425

175

503

210

710

300

1000

425

1420

600

200

725

307

1020

430

1300

610

2040

862

250

1300

555

1850

785

2610

1110

3650

1540

Table8.7.4isbaseduponamaximumrainfallof25mmperhourfor1hourduration.Thefigurefor
drainageareashallbesubjecttolocalconditionsinaccordancewithAppendix8.6.E.

7.22

INSPECTION,TESTINGANDCOMPLETIONCERTIFICATE

The inspection, testing and completion certification of rainwater harvesting and drainage system or part of
existingsystemshallbeinaccordancewith7.14.

6302

Vol.3

RainwaterManagement

7.23

Chapter7

GUIDETOMAINTENANCE

Themaintenanceofrainwaterharvestinganddrainageandsystemshallbeinaccordancewithsec6.15ofchapter
6.
RelatedAppendices
Appendix8.6.B OnehourRainfall

Appendix8.6.E Determiningcatchmentsareaforaflatsurface

BangladeshNationalBuildingCode2011

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