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1) a) What are Asynchronous protocol and Synchronous protocol ? b) What are the types of
Synchronous protocol? c) Discuss the BSC frame format. d) What are the problems arises in BSC
frame format? e) Give a brief comparison between I-frame and U-frame.
2) Differentiate between Character oriented protocol and Bit oriented protocol.
3) What is LLC? Explain.
4) With the help of a suitable diagram, describe an ATM cell.
5) Explain the following terms: Unicast, Multicast and Broadcast. What is Transmission impairment?
What are its causes?
6) a) Explain the Stop and Wait protocol. b) What is IEEE 802.6? c) Write the advantages of optical
fibre over twisted pair and coaxial cable.
7) a) What do you mean by classless addressing? b) What is the first address in the block if one of the
block address is
8) Briefly discuss the RSA algorithm. List and briefly define the ATM classes.
9) a) What is Digital Signature? b) Give the frame format of X.25. c) Discuss Manchester and
differential Manchester encoding with suitable example. d) What are the tasks performed in
transport layer?
10) a) What do you mean by encoding? b) What is "footprint? c) Discuss the B8ZS and HDB3
schemes with suitable example. d) What is the difference between CODEC and MODEM? e)
What are the processes required to perform PCM? Discuss briefly.
11) a) Differentiate between TCP and UDP. b) Five channels, each with a 100 kHz bandwidth, are to
be multiplexed together. What is the minimum bandwidth of the link if there is a need for a guard
band of 10 kHz between the channels to prevent interference?
12) Write short notes on: a) LEO b) SMTP c) ARP d) UDP e) CSMA/CD f) RIP g) There-way
Handshake protocol h) Circuit switching i) ISDN j) ATM .k) SMTP l) Virtual LAN m)
Fragmentation n) Leaky Bucket Algorithm o) ALOHA.
13) An ISP is granted a block for addresses starting with The ISP needs to distribute
these blocks to 100 organizations with each organization receiving just eight addresses. Design the
sub-blocks and give the slash notation for each sub-block. Find out how many addresses are still
available after these allocations.
14) Explain Delta Modulation with proper example. Mention its limitations.
15) What is IP addressing ? What are the classes of IP addressing ? What is the difference between
static and dynamic IPs ?
16) Define Cookies. 5. Differentiate between Narrowband ISDN and Broadband ISDN.
17) Briefly explain FDM process.
18) A bit word 1011 is to be transmitted. Construct the even parity seven-bit hamming code for this
19) Draw the Digital Signal Encoding for Polar RZ, AMI, Manchester, Differential Manchester coding
for 110010101100 and write down the procedure in brief. Define Bit rate and Baud rate.
20) a) What is MAC address? b) What is Channelization ? Briefly explain CDMA method. c) Briefly
explain Token passing Ring network approach as controlled assess mechanism. d) What is
Hamming distance?