Anda di halaman 1dari 9

Los tag questions son pequeas frases o preguntas (mini-questions) que se

colocan al final de una oracin afirmativa o negativa y que generalmente tienen


como objetivo confirmar o negar el contenido de la frase misma. Es el
equivalente al verdad?espaol o al no? ms utilizado en pases de Amrica.
TRES REGLAS BASICAS QUE DEBES RECORDAR
1.

Los tag questions utilizan siempre los verbos


auxiliares.

2.

Con oraciones afirmativas utilizamos un tag question


en NEGATIVO.

3.

Con oraciones negativas utilizamos un tag question en


AFIRMATIVO o POSITIVO.

Analicemos ahora las diferentes alternativas que pueden presentarse:


a) ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PRESENT SIMPLE
O CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en NEGATIVO: aren't you? isn't he? isn't
she? isn't it? aren't we? aren't you? aren't they? Aqu tienes algunos
ejemplos:
It's a beautiful day, isn't it? (Es un da hermoso, no?)
Martha is angry, isn't she? (Marta est enojada, verdad?)
You are really tired, aren't you? (Ests muy cansado, no?)
They're very nice people, aren't they? (Son personas muy agradables, no?)
You are coming tomorrow, aren't you? (Vas a venir maana, verdad?)
Pedro's flying now, isn't he? (Pedro est volando en estos momentos, no?)
Por favor recuerda que, en ingls americano y UNICAMENTE en este caso en
particular, para la primera persona del verbo to be se utiliza aren't I? como
equivalente de am I not?:
I'm late, aren't I? (Llego tarde, no?)
I'm arriving late at night, aren't I? (LLegar tarde por la noche, no?)
b) ORACIONES NEGATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PRESENT SIMPLE O
CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en AFIRMATIVO o POSITIVO: am I? are you?
is he? is she? is it? are we? are you? are they? Aqu tienes algunos
ejemplos:
I'm not late, am I? (No llego tarde, no?)
It isn't a beautiful day, is it? (No es un da hermoso, verdad?)
Martha isn't angry, is she? (Marta no est enojada, no?)
You aren't really tired, are you? (No ests muy cansado, verdad?)
They aren't very nice people, are they? (No son personas muy agradables,
no?)
You aren't coming tomorrow, are you? (No vas a venir maana, no?)

Pedro isn't flying now, is he? (Pedro no est volando en estos momentos, no?)
c) ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PAST SIMPLE O
CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en NEGATIVO: wasn't I? weren't you?
wasn't he? wasn't she? wasn't it? weren't we? weren't you? weren't
they? Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
It was a beautiful day, wasn't it? (Fue un da hermoso, verdad?)
Martha was angry, wasn't she? (Marta estaba enojada, no?)
You were really tired, weren't you? (Estabas muy cansado, verdad?)
You were studying at 6, weren't you? (Estuviste estudiando a las 6, no?)
He was flying when I phoned, wasn't he? (Estaba volando cuando llam, no?)

d) ORACIONES NEGATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PAST SIMPLE O


CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en AFIRMATIVO o POSITIVO: was I? were
you? was he? was she? was it? were we? were you? were they? Aqu
tienes algunos ejemplos:
It wasn't a beautiful day, was it? (No fue un da hermoso, no?)
Martha wasn't angry, was she? (Marta no estaba enojada, no?)
You weren't really tired, were you? (No estabas muy cansado, verdad?)
You weren't studying at 6, were you? (No estuviste estudiando a las 6, no?)
He wasn't flying when I phoned, was he? (No estaba volando cuando llam,
no?)
e) ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS CON OTROS VERBOS COMUNES O
DEFECTIVOS.
Teniendo siempre en cuenta el TIEMPO VERBAL, se utiliza el auxiliar en
NEGATIVO que corresponde a la persona de la oracin: didn't she? hasn't she?
won't she? shouldn't she? can't she? couldn't she? aren't there?, etc.
Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
You went to Costa Rica in 1990, didn't you? (Fuiste a Costa Rica en 1990, no?)
Elena has traveled a lot, hasn't she? (Elena ha viajado mucho, no?)
Ann will be here soon, won't she? (Ana estar pronto aqu, verdad?)
Tom should pass his exam, shouldn't he? (Tom debera aprobar su examen,
no?)
You can play the violin, can't you? (Sabes tocar el violn, no?)
He could find a job, couldn't he? (Pudo encontrar trabajo, verdad?)
There are twelve animals in the Chinese horoscope, aren't there?
(Hay doce animales en el zodaco chino, verdad?)
f) IMPERATIVOS Y SUGERENCIAS O INVITACIONES.

Despus de la clusula Let's... el tag question que corresponde es shall


we? (en interrogativo AFIRMATIVO). Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
Let's go out for a walk, shall we? (Salgamos a dar una vuelta, qu te parece?)
Let's study tomorrow morning, shall we? (Estudiemos maana por la maana,
s?)
Despus del imperativo (do/don't do something) el tag que corresponde es will
you?(en interrogativo AFIRMATIVO). Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
Open the door, will you? (Abre la puerta, s?)
Don't smoke in this room, will you? (No fumes en esta habitacin, de
acuerdo?)

Hello.

Hola!

Good
morning.

Buenos
das!

Good
afternoon.

Buenas
tardes!

Good evening
/ Good night.

Buenas
noches!

See you /
Bye.

Hasta la
vista! /
Adis!

See you soon.

Hasta
luego!

See you
tomorrow.

Hasta
maana!

Courtesy

Please.

Por favor!

Thank
you.

Gracias!

Thank you
very much

Muchas
gracias!

Not at all /
You're
welcome.

No hay de
qu / De nada.

No,
thanks.

No, gracias.

Sorry.

Perdn.

Excuse
me.

Perdneme /
Disclpeme.

I'm sorry.

Lo siento.

I'm very
sorry.

Lo siento
mucho.

Never
mind /
Doesn't
matter.

No importa.

My
pleasure.

Encantado /
Mucho gusto.

How are
you?

Cmo est? /
Cmo ests?
Qu tal?

All right.

De acuerdo /
Vale.

Of course.

Por
supuesto! /
Naturalmente.

Introduction

What's
your
name?

Cmo se
llama
usted? /
Cmo te
llamas?

My
name is
XY.

Me llamo XY.

My
name is
XY.

Mi nombre es
XY.

Age

How old are you?

Cuntos aos tiene? / Cuntos aos


tienes?

What's your age?

Cul es su edad?

I'm twenty.

Tengo veinte aos.

She/he is very
young.

Es muy joven.

She/he is old.

Es viejo.

Uncertainty

I don't mind.

Me da lo mismo.

I don't know.

No s / No lo s.

I don't think so.

No lo creo.

It depends.

Depende.

Problems of understanding

I don't understand.

No entiendo.

Could you please ...?

Podra usted ..., por favor?

Could you please speak more


slowly?

Podra usted hablar ms lento, por


favor?

A bit more slowly, please.

Un poco ms lento, por favor.

Please spell it.

Deletrela, por favor.

Please write it down..

Escrbamela, por favor.

Please repeat it.

Reptalo, por favor.

What does this word mean?

Qu significa esta palabra?

What is this called in Spanish?

Cmo se llama esto en espaol?

Asking and telling the time

What's the time?

Qu hora es?

At what time?

A qu hora?

It's one o'clock.

Es la una.

At one o'clock.

A la una.

It's two / three / four o'clock.

Son las dos / tres / cuatro.

At two / three / four o'clock.

A las dos / tres / cuatro.

Asking and giving directions

Where are we?

Dnde estamos?

We are here.

Estamos aqu.

How do I get to Madrid?

Cmo puedo llegar a Madrid?

Where does this road lead?

A dnde lleva esta carretera?

Where is the ...?

Dnde est el/la ...?

Where can I find a ...?

Dnde puedo encontrar un(a) ...?


Dnde se encuentra el/la ...?

Is the ... far?

Est lejos el/la ...?

How far is the ...?

A qu distancia est el/la ...?

It's five kilometers from here.

Est a cinco kilmetros de aqu.

It's very near.

Est muy cerca.

It's a bit far.

Est un poco lejos.

Straight on.

Todo derecho.

To the left.

A la izquierda.

To the right.

A la derecha.

The second street to the


right.

La segunda calle a la derecha.

On the corner.

En la esquina.

Could you show it on the


map?

Podra ensearmelo en el mapa?

Where does ... leave from?

De dnde sale el/la ...?

Where do I get off (for


the ...)?

Dnde tengo que bajar (para


el/la ...)?

Which bus shall I take?

Qu autobs tengo que tomar?

Take ...

Tome usted el ...

Health

I'm fine.

Estoy bien / Me siento bien.

I don't feel fine.

No me siento bien / No me encuentro bien.

I feel ill.

Me siento mal.

He/she feels ill.

Se siente mal.

I'm sick.

Estoy enfermo / enferma.

My head hurts.

Me duele la cabeza / Tengo dolor de cabeza.

My teeth hurt.

Me duelen los dientes.

I caught a cold.

Estoy resfriado.

I feel nauseated.

Tengo nuseas.

He feels nauseated.

Tiene nuseas.

I have diarrhea.

Tengo diarrea.

I have fever.

Tengo fiebre.

Shopping

Can I help you?

Qu desea?

Anything else?

Algo ms?

Is that all?

Eso es todo?

How much does it cost?

Cunto cuesta?

How much do I owe you?

Cunto (le) debo?

I would like to buy ...

Quisiera comprar ...

Where can I buy a ...

Dnde puedo comprar un ...?

I'd like a kilo of apple, please.

Dme, por favor, un kilo de


manzanas.

Three cans of beer, please.

Tres latas de cerveza, por favor.

One pack, please.

Dme un paquete.

A bit more / less.

Un poco ms / menos.

I need a stamp, too.

Necesito un sello tambin.

Would you give me a bag?

Puede darme una bolsa?

Would you change it for me?

Puede cambirmelo?

Do you have ...?

Tiene ...?

What ... do you have?

Qu ... tiene?

Is there another one?

Tiene otro / Hay otro?

Is there a cheaper one?

Tiene otro ms barato?

Can I try it on?

Puedo probrmela / -lo?

I don't like the color / the fabric.

No me gusta el color / la tela.

Talking on the phone

Hello [calling party]

Oiga / igame!

Hello [called party]

Dgame!

I'd like to talk to ...

Quisiera hablar con ...

Who is calling?

De parte de quin?

Who is that?

Con quin hablo?

You've called the wrong number.

Se ha equivocado.

Sorry, I've called the wrong number.

Perdone, me he equivocado.

Hold on, please.

Espere, por favor.

He/she is not available right now.

Ahora no est.

Call him/her later.

Llmele ms tarde.

Call him/her in five minutes.

Llmele en cinco minutos.