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Recovery? Most metro areas still losing jobs

Only 16 of 384 areas show employment growth in latest Adversity Index
By Bill Dedm an
Investigative repo rter
updated 8:13 a.m. PT, Tues., April 20, 2010

The recovery remains jobless for most of the nation, with only 16 of 384 metro areas showing job
gains in the past year, according to new Adversity Index data for February from Moody's and

Of the nation's 384 metro areas, 205 had begun to recover, or 53 percent, according to the February
Adversity Index. That's up from 185 metro areas in January, or 48 percent.

But the gains have been confined to manufacturing and housing, not employment.

Moreover, the only areas showing jobs growth are low-population areas. Here is a list of the 16
areas (only 4 percent of the total) showing job gains in the three-month period ending February 2010
compared with the same period a year earlier. They're ranked by annualized growth in jobs:

Ocean City, N.J., up 5.0 percent

Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, Wash., 3.1
Bloomington, Ind., 2.1
Jacksonville, N.C., 1.8
Bismarck, N.D., 1.6
Morgantown, W.Va., 1.1
College Station-Bryan, Texas, 1.0
St. Joseph, Mo.-Kan., 0.9
Cape Girardeau-Jackson, Mo.-Ill., 0.8
Warner Robins, Ga., 0.6
Barnstable, Cape Cod, Mass., 0.6
State College, Pa., 0.5
Lawton, Okla., 0.5
Yakima, Wash., 0.4
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, Texas, 0.1
Hanford-Corcoran, Calif., 0.1

The largest of those areas — Killeen, Yakima and Barnstable — each have only about 300,000

You can follow the fortunes of each metro area in the nation on our interactive map, which gives
details for each metro area and state for the past 15 years.

Job losses in big cities

The 20 largest metro areas all showed jobs loss from a year earlier. Listed by size of metro area:

New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J., down 2.8 percent

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif., -4.7
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., -4.5
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, -3.5
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga., -4.3
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, Ariz., -5.4
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, -2.7
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., -1.5
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., -6.0
Philadelphia, Pa., -3.4
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., -3.8
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif., -4.4
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, Calif., -5.2
Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y., -1.6
St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., -3.0
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla., -4.0
Baltimore-Towson, Md., -2.9
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash., -4.6
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, Colo., -4.1
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, Calif., -5.6

Although the economy is starting to expand, businesses are squeezing additional work out of the
workers they have, not hiring more.

"Businesses cut back very severely in the recession, trimming payroll size and slashing remaining
workers’ hours," explained economist Andrew Gledhill of Moody's "The worst of this
has passed, but what this means is that in the early stages of recovery, businesses can simply
increase workers' hours to meet modest upticks in economic activity."

The good news is that the March employment report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics showed the
largest net job gain since March 2007, before the recession had begun.

"Improvement will be slow in the near term," Gledhill said, "and it will not be until perhaps late this
and next year that job growth is strong enough to start bringing about a more significant labor
market recovery."

The Adversity Index was created by and Moody's to track the economic
fortunes of states and metro areas. Each month, the Adversity Index uses government data on
employment, industrial production, housing starts and home prices to label each area as expanding,
at risk of recession, in recession or recovering.

"Recovering" doesn't mean "recovered." It doesn't mean that an area's economy is above where it
was at the beginning of the recession, just that the area has begun to dig its way out of the hole.

The Adversity Index was designed to be a slow-moving indicator. It looks for sustained changes, so
any one-month jump is likely to be smoothed out. This means the index is probably slow to call a
beginning or end to a recession.

Gains in housing starts, manufacturing

The picture is brightest in housing starts: 306 metro areas showing gains from a year earlier. That's
rising rapidly. In the period ending in January, 280 areas showed housing growth, up from
December, 214; November, 171; October, 115; September, 97.

And manufacturing is also improving: 203 metro areas showing gains from a year earlier. That
component of the index is rising even more rapidly. In the period ending in January only 49 areas
showed growth in industrial production.

But in jobs, the number of metro areas with growth has barely budged: 16 metro areas in February;
J anuary, 13; December, 10; November, 7; October, 6; September, 6.

Overall, the index shows 205 metro areas in recovery; 177 in a "moderating recession," meaning
their economies were still shrinking but not so severely as a few months earlier; a single metro area
still in a full-bore recession: Laredo, Texas; and a single area in expansion, Jacksonville, N.C.

Areas joining a recovery

Metro areas that moved into the recovery category in February are: Boulder, Colo.; Burlington,
N.C.; Columbus, Ohio; Elmira, N.Y.; Eugene-Springfield, Ore.; Gainesville, Fla.; La Crosse,
Wis.-Minn.; Monroe, La.; Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, Tenn.; Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y.; Niles-
Benton Harbor, Mich.; Peabody, Mass.; Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, N.Y.; Pueblo, Colo.;
Racine, Wis.; Rockford, Ill.; Salem, Ore.; San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif.; Santa
Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, Calif.; Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va.-Ohio; Tallahassee, Fla.

Among the states, Nevada finally moved from the recession category to a moderating recession in
February, the last state to escape the full recession. Twenty-five states are listed in recovery,
including the District of Columbia, and 26 in a moderating recession. The new states moving into
recovery in February were Colorado and Vermont.

‘Play’ the index

Here are several ways to explore this month's Adversity Index:

Our interactive map shows the economic health of every state and metro area. You can "play" the
map on this page to watch the economy's ups and downs over 15 years, or select any state to see
data for each metro area for each month.
A month-by-month chart shows when the current recession enveloped each metro area.
The updated index will be published every month at There is a lag of about
six weeks.
An explainer tells how the Adversity Index assesses the economy.

Many areas include multiple counties, and many cross state lines. This list shows which counties are
within each metro area.

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