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PRIMARY

Social
Science
TEACHERS RESOURCE BOOK

PRIMARY

Social Science
TEACHERS RESOURCE BOOK

TEACHERS RESOURCE BOOK


Social Science 2 is a collective work, conceived,
designed and created by the Primary Education
department at Santillana, under the supervision
of Teresa Grence Ruiz.

PRIMARY

Social
Science
WRITER
Carmen Gutirrez
MANAGING EDITOR
Sheila Tourle
EDITOR
Vassilia Katte
PROOFREADING
Saffron Frankland

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Natural Science 2

Contents
Nombre

Fecha

Introduction...........................................................................................................III

Worksheets
Reinforcement......................................................................................................... 6
Extension.............................................................................................................. 26
Assessment........................................................................................................... 46
Investigate............................................................................................................. 66
Science songs....................................................................................................... 76

Answer keys........................................................................................................ 82

Introduction

Social Science 2 Teachers Resource Book


provides a wide variety of photocopiable worksheets
designed to broaden and reinforce the concepts
covered in the Social Science 2 Students Book
and Social Science 2 Teachers Book.
The worksheets allow a flexible approach in the
classroom. Students in the same class can be given
different worksheets according to their level: stronger
students can expand on the material learnt in class,
and students needing more support can use the
worksheets to revise when necessary. Students can
also work together to complete the tasks. Teachers
with more contact hours can use the photocopiable
materials as and when they need to. They can be
used for revision purposes, for extension practice, as
progress tests, for assessment or for homework.
There are five categories of worksheets:
Reinforcement, Extension, Assessment,
Investigate and Science songs. Answer keys are
provided at the back of the book.

Worksheets
Reinforcement and Extension
worksheets

Where we live

Where we live

REINFORCEMENT

Name

Date

Read and match. Then, write city or village.

Date

What are their jobs? Match.

A few people live here. The


buildings are small, the streets
are not very wide and there is
little traffic.

The Reinforcement and Extension


worksheets are a flexible tool which can be
used after the relevant sections of the
Students Book.

REINFORCEMENT

Name

sports teachers

street cleaners

taxi driver
Many people live here. The
buildings are tall and the
streets are wide. There is a lot
of traffic.

police officers

Depending on the level of the students, they


can complete the worksheets with or without
consulting their Students Book, in the
classroom or at home.

Read the definitions and write.

The Splash

Head of the local council

POOL RULES

Members of the local council

1. Wear pool shoes.


2. No diving.

The building where the


local council works
3

Read the rules for the public swimming pool. Then, write the numbers.

3. No dogs allowed.
4. Wear a swimming cap
and goggles.

Who organizes the public services in a local council? Tick ().

The neighbours.
3

The councillors and the mayor.

help each other

The police.

There are ten double-page Reinforcement


worksheets. They are designed to provide
additional support for students in need of
further practice.

What do good neighbours do? Colour.

shout at each other

respect the rules

The gardeners.
6

Social Science 2

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Where we live

There are ten double-page Extension


worksheets. They can be used for fast
finishers or to further expand on the material
covered in class.

Where we live

EXTENSION

Name

Date

Andrea loves her neighbourhood!

EXTENSION

Name
1

She likes it because there are many


trees and a park near her house.
There is a playground in the park
where she plays with her friends.

Date

Complete each text with the correct words.

small buildings

tall buildings

many inhabitants

narrow streets

few inhabitants

wide streets

There are many different shops to buy


things, too. Andrea loves shopping!

T pla we I li i
cit cau te a

Her neighbourhood is very clean.


Andrea always throws her rubbish
in the bin.
It is a very quiet neighbourhood.
There is little traffic, and it is safe to
walk down the street. There are also
buses that go to the city centre.

But most of all, Andrea loves her


neighbourhood because she knows
most of her neighbours. They say
hello to her when she walks by.
1

Social Science 2

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

T pla we I li i
villa@ cau te a

Read and answer the questions.

What is there near Andreas house?

Who does she play with in the park?


2

Is there a lot of traffic in her neighbourhood?

A local council / town hall is the local government of a village or a city.


It is made up of the firefighters / councillors and the school teacher / mayor.
The police / local council organizes the public services. The local library /
town hall is the building where the local council works. It is usually
in the main square of the town.

Where does she put the rubbish?


What do her neighbours say to her?

24

Where we live
Name
1

Where we live

ASSESSMENT

Date

ASSESSMENT

Name

Write sentences about villages and cities. Use the words in brackets.

Date

What do they do? Match.

They do jobs for the community.

(streets)
mayor and councillors

(traffic)

Read and write the numbers and jobs.

They organize public services.

I take care of plants


in parks.

1. police officer
2. gardener
3. street cleaner

public workers
I keep the
city clean.

My work is to keep
the city safe.

police station

town hall

library

Are you a good neighbour? Tick ().

Write T (true) or F (false).

I use the rubbish bins.

Every village and city has got a local council.

I shout in the streets.

Police officers organize public services.

I respect traffic signs.

The local council is made up of the councillors and the mayor.

I look after public spaces.

The members of the local council work in the town hall.


42

IV

Where do local councillors work? Colour.

local council

Social Science 2

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I play football on the pavement.

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Social Science 2

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Social Science 2

Assessment worksheets
There are ten double-page Assessment
worksheets per unit. These worksheets
can be given to students once the unit
has been completed, to evaluate progress
or as a revision test.

(inhabitants)
(buildings)

Social Science 2

Read and circle the correct words.

43

25

Investigate worksheets

Where we live

The ten Investigate worksheets provide additional opportunities


for students to carry out simple investigative tasks either in the
classroom or at home.

iNvestigate

Name

Date

What special events do you celebrate in your neighbourhood? Complete


the index card and draw a picture.

What job do you want to do when you grow up? And y


Complete the index cards.

Name of the celebration:


Date:

Place:

What do you celebrate?

Do you eat special foods?


are there sports activities?
is there a funfair?
are there fireworks?
is there a parade?
is there a market?
Do people wear traditional costumes?

60

Where we live
Name
1

SCIENCE SONGS

Date

Listen to the song and number.

Social Science 2

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Science songs worksheets


There are four Science songs worksheets to complement
the songs recorded on the Class Audio CD. The songs can
be used with these worksheets or played as background
music while students work in class.

Open the door.


Think of your neighbours.
Smile at your neighbours.
Play with your friends.
Say please and thank you.
Share your toys.

76

Social Science 2

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Answer keys
They are provided at the back of this Teachers Resource Book.

Answer keys

REINFORCEMENT

WHERE WE LIVE

JOBS

Page 6

Page 8

1. Read and match. Then, write city or


village.

1. Classify the raw materials and the


manufactured products.

(Ss match the first text to the picture of


the village and the second text to the
picture of the city.)
pictures, top to bottom:
city; village.

raw materials gold; cotton; wood.


manufactured products bracelet;
thread; table.

2. Read the definitions and write.


Head of the local council mayor.
Members of the local council
councillors.
The building where the local council
works town hall.

2. Read and complete the sentences.


A farmer grows plants.
A miner gets rocks and minerals from
the ground.
An animal farmer raises animals.
A fisherman catches fish and seafood.
Page 9

3. Who organizes the public services in


a local council? Tick ().
The councillors and the mayor.

1. Circle the workers who make


manufactured products.
(Ss circle the potter, the factory worker
and the dressmaker.)

Page 7
1. What are their jobs? Match.
clockwise, from top left: police officers;

2. Read and write the numbers.


3, 2, 1.

taxi driver; street cleaners; sports


teachers.
2. Read the rules for the public
swimming pool. Then, write the
numbers.
clockwise, from top left: 1; 3; 2; 4.
3. What do good neighbours do?
Colour.
(Ss colour help each other and respect
the rules.)

3. Classify the jobs. Then, add one more


to each sector.
primary sector woodcutter; fisherman.
Model Answer (M.A.): farmer.
secondary sector baker; carpenter.
M.A.: sculptor.
services doctor; shop assistant.
M.A.: street cleaner.
TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION
Page 10
1. Classify these types of transport.
public bus; plane; ship.
individual motorcycle; car; bicycle.

82

Social Science 2

Where we live
Name
1

REINFORCEMENT

Date

Read and match. Then, write city or village.

A few people live here. The


buildings are small, the streets
are not very wide and there is
little traffic.

Many people live here. The


buildings are tall and the
streets are wide. There is a lot
of traffic.

Read the definitions and write.

Head of the local council


Members of the local council
The building where the
local council works
3

Who organizes the public services in a local council? Tick ().

The neighbours.
The councillors and the mayor.
The police.
The gardeners.
6

Social Science 2

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Where we live

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

What are their jobs? Match.

sports teachers

street cleaners

taxi driver

police officers

Read the rules for the public swimming pool. Then, write the numbers.

The Splash
POOL RULES
1. Wear pool shoes.
2. No diving.
3. No dogs allowed.
4. Wear a swimming cap
and goggles.

What do good neighbours do? Colour.

help each other

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

shout at each other

respect the rules

Social Science 2

Jobs

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Classify the raw materials and the manufactured products.

braceletgoldcottonthreadwoodtable
raw materials
manufactured
products
2

Read and complete the sentences.

farmerfishermananimal farmerminer

A
grow plant.

A
@et
rock an mi>eral fro
t groun.

A>
raie animal.

A
catce
fis an eafoo.

Social Science 2

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Jobs
Name

REINFORCEMENT

Date

Circle the workers who make manufactured products.

Read and write the numbers.

1. Shops are small. They often sell one type of product.


2. Supermarkets are large. They sell many different products.
3. Shopping centres are large buildings with many shops.

Classify the jobs. Then, add one more to each sector.

bakerdoctorwoodcuttershop assistantcarpenterfisherman
primary sector
secondary sector
services
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Social Science 2

Travel and communication

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Classify these types of transport.

motorcycle

bus

plane

car

ship

bicycle

public
individual

Complete the sentences.

pavementorderly mannerpedestrian crossingseat belt

We> wal dow> t ste, mus alway


u t
.
W mus cros t roa a
.
We> a i> ca, mus alway fase>
ou
.
W mus @e o> an o t bu i> a>
.
10

Social Science 2

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Travel and communication


Name
1

REINFORCEMENT

Date

Why do we use different types of communication? Tick ().

To get information.
To travel from one place to another.
To stay in touch with other people.
To be entertained.
To get rocks and minerals from the ground.

Use the colour key to circle the types of communication.

green personal communication

red

the media

Write the names of the devices.

mobile phonelaptoptabletMP3 player

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Social Science 2

11

Water and air

REINFORCEMENT

Name

Date

What is the state of the water in each picture? Write.

Read and complete.

heatedgaseouscooledsolid
When water is

, it changes from

a liquid state to a
When water is

, it changes from

a liquid state to a
3

12

state.

state.

Match.

Sea water

is fresh water.

Water in rivers and lakes

is salty.

What water can we drink? Tick ().

Social Science 2

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Water and air

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Look and complete the water cycle.

rainevaporatescloudsmovesea

1. Se wae
into waer vapou.
2.
for i> t sk.
3. T cloud
acros t sk. Wae
fall a
o snow.
4. T rai> g into rir. T rir flow into
t
.
2

Write T (true) or F (false).

Oxygen is one of the gases in air.


Wind is moving air.
Not all living things need oxygen to breathe.
Air has a fixed shape.

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Social Science 2

13

The weather

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

What is the weather like? Look and write.

I ifi
.
I ifi
.
2

What are these weather instruments? Match and write.

rain gauge

thermometer

weather vane

Circle the instrument that helps us measure the amount of rain.


3

14

What do these weather symbols mean? Write.

Social Science 2

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The weather

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Read and complete the text.

high low

hot cold

We> t emeratu ifi


t ate ifi
.

We> t emeratu ifi


t ate ifi
.

What is climate? Read and tick ().

The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place.


The weather in a particular place over a long period of time.
3

What is the climate like in these areas? Read and write the number.

mountain area

inland area

coastal area

The climate is mild. The temperature is neither too hot nor too cold.
The climate is cold. The air temperature is low. It snows a lot.
The climate is dry. It is usually hot in summer and cold in winter.
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Social Science 2

15

Landscapes

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Look and write.

mountain rangeriverwoodplateausea

Use the colour key to circle the words.

red

natural features

blue

man-made features

valleyvillageroadplateaufarmlighthouserivercapehillbridge
3

Read and write high land or low land.

T coas ifi lan >ea t e.


Te ifi
wit acefi o san an
wit rock clifi.
16

Social Science 2

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Landscapes

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Write the names of these landscape features.

Look and write the parts of the river.

source
meander
tributary
mouth

What are rivers like in these landscapes? Match.

In the mountains
On the plains
On the coast

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r ivers here are wide and carry a lot of water.


The course is full of meanders.
here, the rivers meet the sea at the mouth.
here, rivers flow fast and carry little water.
Social Science 2

17

The Universe

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Look and match. Then, write.

satellite

It moves around


a planet.

star

planet

It moves around


a star.

It gives out light and


heat.

Label the picture.

nightEarthdaySun

Why is there day and night? Tick ().

Because the Earth moves around the Sun.


Because the Earth spins round like a top.
18

Social Science 2

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The Universe

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Look and answer.


How long does the Earth take
to spin round?


How long does the Earth take to
move around the Sun?

Label the planets in the solar system.

Venus Mercury Earth Neptune Jupiter

Mars Uranus Saturn

Write the names of the phases of the moon.

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Social Science 2

19

The Earth

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Look and write.

water
air
land

Write the names of the oceans and continents.


ARCTIC OCEAN
W

NORTH
AMERICA ATLANTIC
OCEAN

SOUTH
AMERICA

PACIFIC
OCEAN

ASIA

EUROPE

PACIFIC
OCEAN

AFRICA

INDIAN
OCEAN

OCEANIA

ANTARCTIC OCEAN
ANTARCTICA

oceans

continents

20

Social Science 2

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The Earth

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Match. Then, complete the sentences.

a globe

a world map

a street map

and a globe show the oceans and the continents.

shows parts of a city or a village.

Tick () the true statements about minerals and rocks.

Rocks are made up of minerals.


All minerals are hard and shiny.
Rocks make up the continents and islands.
Rocks are the solid part of the Earth.
3

Which compass point shows the direction of the rising Sun? Colour.

North

South

East

West

Read and match.

A compass
A compass rose

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.


shows the compass points.

shows the direction of the setting Sun.

shows us which direction we are facing
on the Earth.
Social Science 2

21

Time passes

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Complete the sentences.

present

past

The

is what is happening now.

The

is what happened before.

The

is what will happen.

future

Read and tick () the correct options.


MAY

What do we measure with a calendar?

JUNE

days

months

hours

a year

What do we measure with a clock?

hours

days

seconds

minutes

Read and complete the sentences with the words day, week or year.

There are 12 months in a

There are 24 hours in a


There are 7 days in a
4

Write the months of the year that are missing.

January

22

Social Science 2

March
June

August

October


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Time passes

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Look at the clocks. Are they old or modern? Match.

present

past

How has this place changed over time? Look at the pictures and complete
the sentences.

In the first picture, the village is very small. There isnt a castle.
In the second picture,

In the third picture,

Now, put the pictures in order. Write 1, 2 and 3.

Read and match.

Traditions
Monuments
Museums

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places where we can see old objects


important buildings or sculptures
old customs that people practise over time

Social Science 2

23

Our country

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Write the names of the Spanish territories.

CeutaIberian PeninsulaCanary IslandsMelillaBalearic Islands

What are the borders of Spain? Complete the sentences.

In the north are the

Sea and the

They border with

In the south is

In the east is the

Sea.

In the west are

and the

Ocean.

Which continent is Spain in? Colour.

Asia
24

Social Science 2

America

Europe

Africa

Oceania

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Our country

REINFORCEMENT

Name
1

Date

Read and write T (true) or F (false). Then, correct the false sentence.

Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities.

Each autonomous community has only one province.

There are two autonomous cities.

The capital of Spain is Madrid.

Write about where you live.

Write the name and province of your city or village.

Which autonomous community is it in?

What is the capital city of your autonomous community?

Which is the Spanish city with the highest population? Colour.

Barcelona

Madrid

Valencia

Sevilla

Match the word immigrants to the correct definition.

People who come to live and work in a country.


Immigrants

Spanish people who live and work in another country.


People visiting a country for their holidays.

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Social Science 2

25

Where we live
Name

EXTENSION

Date

Andrea loves her neighbourhood!


She likes it because there are many
trees and a park near her house.
There is a playground in the park
where she plays with her friends.
There are many different shops to buy
things, too. Andrea loves shopping!
Her neighbourhood is very clean.
Andrea always throws her rubbish
in the bin.
It is a very quiet neighbourhood.
There is little traffic, and it is safe to
walk down the street. There are also
buses that go to the city centre.
But most of all, Andrea loves her
neighbourhood because she knows
most of her neighbours. They say
hello to her when she walks by.
1

Read and answer the questions.

What is there near Andreas house?


Who does she play with in the park?
Is there a lot of traffic in her neighbourhood?
Where does she put the rubbish?
What do her neighbours say to her?

26

Social Science 2

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Where we live

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Complete each text with the correct words.

small buildings

tall buildings

many inhabitants

narrow streets

few inhabitants

wide streets

T pla we I li i
cit cau te a

.
T pla we I li i
villa@ cau te a

.
2

Read and circle the correct words.

A local council / town hall is the local government of a village or a city.


It is made up of the firefighters / councillors and the school teacher / mayor.
The police / local council organizes the public services. The local library /
town hall is the building where the local council works. It is usually
in the main square of the town.
Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Social Science 2

27

Jobs

EXTENSION

Name

Date

A sweet story
Do you like sweets? Do you know that the sugar in sweets
comes from sugar beet?
Lets see how sweets are made!
First, a farmer grows sugar beet and sells
it to a sugar factory.
The sugar beet travels in a big lorry. When
it arrives at the sugar factory, a factory
worker grinds it to extract all the sugar.
The sugar manufacturer sells the sugar to
another factory. There, the sugar is mixed
with different fruit flavours. Sweets are
made with the new mixture.
Finally, the sweets travel in a big lorry
to a sweet shop. The shop assistant puts
them in huge jars and places them in the
window for everyone to see, and buy!
1

Circle. Use the key.

green

red

raw materials

manufactured products

SUG

AR

Read the text again and answer the questions.

Where does sugar in sweets come from?


What is sugar mixed with to make sweets?
28

Social Science 2

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Jobs

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Circle the manufactured products. Then, write them under the raw materials.

ch

ec
ees

hairtshirtradiato

ryoghurt

as
pyjam

keytable

milk

wood

metal

cotton

Read and write the correct number.

factory workers

craft workers

They work in factories.

Each worker does a different job.

They work in workshops.

They use computers.

They use large machines.

They make objects with their hands.

They use simple machines.

The same worker does all the jobs.

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Social Science 2

29

Travel and communication


Name

EXTENSION

Date

Unusual means of transport


Bangkok is a large city in Thailand. People
get around on the same means of transport
as in other big cities: buses, taxis, trains
and underground.
Bangkok has a
large river and many canals. Many people
travel around the city on the river. There are
ferries, express boats and water-taxis. A
water-taxi is like a bus. Itstops along the river
and canals to pick up passengers.
A samlor is a type of taxi. It is a tricycle with
a seat at the back to carry people.
A tuk-tuk is a small taxi. It looks like a cross
between a motorcycle and a van. The name
comes from the noise the tuk-tuk makes.

Read the definitions and match.

A small taxi which looks like a cross between a motorcycle


and a van.

samlor

A type of bus which stops along the river to pick up passengers.

tuk-tuk

A tricycle with a seat at the back to carry people.

water-taxi

How are samlors and tuk-tuks different? How are they similar? Write.

different
similar
30

Social Science 2

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Travel and communication


Name
1

EXTENSION

Date

Read and draw.

A type of communication that


uses sound.

uses images.
uses text.

is personal.
is a type of media.

A type of communication that


uses sound.
uses images.
uses text.

is personal.

is a type of media.

Read and complete the text.

accidentssignsruleslightselderlytransportdisabled

I i importan to esec roa saet


. Te el to pen
Vehice an eestrian mus esec traffi
an roa
.
B<ue, trainfi an t unergroun
a al tye o publi
. We>
o> publi transpor, mus esec t eat
eer fo
eop o
t
.
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Social Science 2

31

Water and air

EXTENSION

Name

Date

Geysers and icebergs


Geysers are jets of hot water and steam coming
out from underneath the ground. Most of
them are found in volcanic areas like Iceland,
or Yellowstone Park in the United States.
Groundwater in such areas reaches very high
temperatures and erupts at high speed.
Icebergs are huge chunks of ice floating in the
ocean. What you see is just the tip of the iceberg!
The biggest part is hidden under the water.
Icebergs can be very dangerous for ships.
The Titanic, a famous ship, sank in 1912 after
colliding with an iceberg.

Answer the questions.

Where can you find geysers?

Why can icebergs be dangerous for ships?

What do geysers and icebergs have in common? Tick ().


water
2

steam

Colour the characteristics of icebergs in blue and of geysers in red.

gaseous state
low temperature
32

ice

Social Science 2

solid state
in volcanic areas

high temperature
floating in the sea

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Water and air

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

What is water like? Tick (). Then, complete the sentence.

It is colourless.

It is blue.

It smells.

It tastes sweet.

It hasnt got any taste.

It hasnt got any smell.

Water hasnt got any


or
2

Read the clues and match.

It is found underground.

It is moving air.

A mixture of different gases.

It is found in three states.

Water.
Air.
Wind.
Groundwater.

Read and correct the sentences.

Groundwater collects in the sea.

The clouds release water as vapour.

Sea water is sweet.

Oxygen is the only gas in air.

Air is in the sky.

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Social Science 2

33

The weather

EXTENSION

Name

Date

Mountains in the mist


Have you ever been to the Canary Islands? The
climate there is hot and it rains very little. In
spite of this, there are beautiful green forests on
some of the islands.
Winds from the east, called trade winds, bring
clouds from the sea. The clouds reach the
mountains of the Canary Islands. These clouds dont release rain but they
produce a thick mist that covers the plains and the valleys. The trees, the
plants and the ground get very wet. The drops of water collect on leaves
and fall to the ground. They form little streams that water the plants. And
thats how it is possible to find a big forest in a place with little rain.
1

Read and answer the questions.

What is the climate like in the Canary Islands?

What are trade winds?

What happens when the clouds reach the mountains?

What do the drops of water form? Tick ().


little streams
2

Unscramble the words related to weather. Write.

34

a thick mist

rnia

Social Science 2

dlcou

oht

niwd

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The weather

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Choose the correct words and complete the text.

snow gale

precipitation

rain gauge weather vane

ifi wae tha fallfi to Eart.


W u
to easu i.
Rai>, hai an
a tyefi
o pecipitatio>.
2

Read. Then, draw the weather symbols on the map.

THE WEATHER TODAY


It is sunny and hot in Seville. It is stormy in Barcelona. It is very cloudy
in Madrid. It is raining in A Corua and Bilbao.

BILBAO

A CORUA

BARCELONA

MADRID

SEVILLE

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Social Science 2

35

Landscapes
Name

EXTENSION

Date

A crater lake
My friend John sent me a postcard from the Philippines.
He is visiting his grandparents there.
The postcard is a picture of Taal Lake. This is a big
lake in Luzon, one of the Philippine Islands.
In the middle of Taal Lake, there is a volcano! It is known
as Volcano Island. Inside its crater there is another lake,
and in the middle, another island, called Vulcan Point.
This is the most amazing landscape that I have ever seen!
I wish I could fly to the Philippines and visit it!
1

Write T (true) or F (false). Then, correct the false sentences.

The postcard is a picture of Baikal Lake.


Taal Lake is in Taipur, one of the Philippine Islands.
The island in Taal Lake is a volcano.
The island inside the volcano crater is called Vulcan Point.

What is an island? Tick ().

A piece of land that is completely surrounded by water.


A piece of land that sticks out into the sea.
3

What is a lake? Tick ().

A body of fresh water or salt water surrounded by land.


A piece of land completely surrounded by water.
36

Social Science 2

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Landscapes

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Find eight words. Then, write.

Read about the different types of landscapes and write the numbers.

1.This is a flat landscape. Sometimes there are low hills. There are also farms
and crops. Villages and towns are connected by roads and railways.
2.This land is near the sea. There are beaches, cliffs and capes. There are also
man-made features like ports and lighthouses.
3.This is a high land area. There are mountains, valleys and plateaus. The
roads are winding and narrow, with tunnels.

mountain landscape

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coastal landscape

landscape on plains

Social Science 2

37

The Universe

EXTENSION

Name

Date

Europa: Jupiters moon


Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar
system. It is much bigger than the Earth.
It has got 67 moons.
One of the moons of Jupiter is called
Europa. Europa is not like the Earths
Moon. It is much smaller. It hasnt got
many craters, nor many mountains.
Europa looks white because it is covered
with a thick layer of ice. The surface has
got reddish lines and patches. These are
deep cracks in the ice.
Underneath the ice, there is an ocean. This
ocean covers the entire surface of Europa. That is why we call it
the watery moon!
1

Read the text. Then, match.

Planets
Satellites

Jupiter
Moon
Europa
Earth

Write T (true) or F (false).

Europa is smaller than the Earth.


Jupiter is much bigger than the Earth.
The Earth has got three satellites and Jupiter has got thirteen.
A thick layer of ice covers Jupiters surface.
38

Social Science 2

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The Universe

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Read. Then, complete the sentence.

A satellite moves around a planet.


A star gives out light and heat.
A planet moves around a star.
The Sun is a

, the Earth

is a

and the Moon is

a
2

Look at the solar system and complete the sentences.

Jupiter
Venus
Sun

Mercury is the
The
Jupiter is the
Saturn is surrounded by

Uranus

Earth
Mars

to the Sun.
is the only planet with life.
planet in our solar system.
made of rocks and ice.

is the furthest planet from the Sun.

is between Neptune and Saturn.

From Earth
Mars is called the
Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Neptune

Saturn

Mercury

looks like a star.


Planet.
Social Science 2

39

The Earth
Name

EXTENSION

Date

Antarctica: a frozen continent


Antarctica is the coldest continent on
our planet.
It is bigger than Europe. Its surface
is almost completely covered with
a thick layer of ice. In winter, the
surrounding seas freeze. Nobody lives
there permanently. The temperatures
are very low. It is too cold for most living things, but penguins, seals
and whales live there.
The South Pole is the southernmost point on Earth and it is in Antarctica.
Amudsen, a Norwegian explorer, and his team were the first people
to travel to the South Pole, in 1912.
1

Write T (true) or F (false). Then, correct the false sentences.

Antarctica is the coldest continent on Earth.

Antarctica is smaller than Europe.

Nobody lives there permanently.

Amudsen was a Norwegian scientist.

Amudsen and his team were the first people to travel to the South Pole.

Penguins, seals and whales live there.

40

Antarctica is home to three types of penguins. Search the Internet for


pictures of the Adlie Penguin, Chinstrap Penguin and Emperor Penguin
and stick them in your notebook.
Social Science 2

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The Earth

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Read and complete the text.

atmosphereplanetglobesrocks
continentsmapslandoceans

T Eart i
i> t sola syse.
T surfa o t Eart i coe wit wae
an
. T
i
t lae o ai tha surround t Eart.
T
a lar@ aea o lan
an a ma o
. T
a r lar@ aea o sal
wae. To epeen t Eart u
an
.
2

What is the way to


Lynns home? Use
the compass rose
to give directions.
Complete.

Firs, wal toward t eas. Te>, tur>

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Texto sobrante al final

Social Science 2

41

Time passes

EXTENSION

Name

Date

Clepsydras: water clocks


In the past, there were no clocks or watches like
we know today.
To tell the time, people used sundials. Sundials
use the position of the Sun to measure time.
However, at night, there was no Sun in the sky.
The first water clock was found in the tomb
of a pharaoh in Egypt but we dont know who
invented it.
Water clocks used the flow of water to measure
time. They consisted of two stone pots placed
at different levels. The pot at the top was filled
with water. The water slowly dripped through a small hole into the lower
pot. The times were marked on the inside of this pot. In this way people
could tell the time by the water level in the lower pot.
1

Answer the questions.

What did a sundial use to measure time?


Could you use a sundial at night?
What did a water clock use to measure time?
Do we know who invented the first water clock?

Write the names of these ancient clocks.

42

Social Science 2

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Time passes
Name
1

EXTENSION

Date

Read the text on the previous page again and correct the false sentences.

People used sundials at night and water clocks during the day.

Water clocks used the flow of air to measure time.

Water clocks were used to calculate the weeks only.

Label the pictures. Then, circle the objects that people used to communicate
in the past.

laptopmobile phonetypewriterquill pentelephone

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Social Science 2

43

Our country

EXTENSION

Name

Date

lvaro and his city


Ceuta is a small peninsula in the north of Africa, across
the Strait of Gibraltar. It is by the Mediterranean Sea.
lvaro is 7-year-old and lives there.
lvaro loves his city. Most of all, he likes the sea and its
beautiful blue colour.
Some of his friends live in Morocco. Morocco borders
with Ceuta. He sometimes visits them at the weekends.
Other weekends lvaro and his parents take the ferry across the Strait
of Gibraltar to visit his cousins in the Iberian Peninsula. They live in Granada.
Its really fun to travel by boat!
1

Look at the pictures. Which one is Ceuta? Tick ().

What are the two places that border Ceuta? Colour.

Morocco

Melilla

Mediterranean Sea

Spain

What does lvaro like most about Ceuta?

What other autonomous city borders with Morocco and the Mediterranean
Sea? Unscramble and write.


44

Social Science 2

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Our country

EXTENSION

Name
1

Date

Look and colour.

red
Community of Madrid

blue Andalusia

green Catalonia

orangeGalicia

Read and guess. Then, write.

A country that borders with Spain to the west. P


A mountain range that borders with France. T
P
An autonomous community in the Atlantic Ocean. C
I
An autonomous community with two provinces. It borders
with Portugal.

The continent to the south of Spain. A


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Social Science 2

45

Where we live

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Write sentences about villages and cities. Use the words in brackets.

(inhabitants)
(buildings)
(streets)
(traffic)

Read and write the numbers and jobs.

I take care of plants


in parks.

1. police officer
2.gardener
3. street cleaner

I keep the
city clean.
My work is to keep
the city safe.

Write T (true) or F (false).

Every village and city has got a local council.


Police officers organize public services.
The local council is made up of the councillors and the mayor.
The members of the local council work in the town hall.
46

Social Science 2

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Where we live

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

What do they do? Match.

They do jobs for the community.

mayor and councillors

They organize public services.

public workers
2

Where do local councillors work? Colour.

local council

police station

town hall

library

Are you a good neighbour? Tick ().

I use the rubbish bins.


I shout in the streets.
I respect traffic signs.
I look after public spaces.
I play football on the pavement.

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Social Science 2

47

Jobs
Name

ASSESSMENT

Date

Match the raw material to the manufactured product.

Put the pictures in order. Write 1, 2 and 3.

Read and complete the sentences.

Fisere> go to e to catc
an
.
W @e
an
fro chice>.
A bae mae
an carene
mae
.
Farerfi grow
to @e
,
@etabefi, an cotto>.
48

Social Science 2

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Jobs

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Write the words.

customershop assistantproductmoney

Write T (true) or F (false). Then, correct the false sentence.

In the primary sector people work in nature.


Craft workers use their hands or simple machines to work.
Jobs that help other people are services.
The people who buy in a shop are shop assistants.

Unscramble the words and complete.

psohsrkwo

wra

redutcfanuma
sierfaoct

Factory workers work in


in
materials into
Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

and craft workers work


. They transform
products.
Social Science 2

49

Travel and communication


Name
1

ASSESSMENT

Date

Classify the types of transport.

travel on water
travel on land
travel in the air
2

Who are the seats reserved for on public transport? Write.

1.
2.
3.
4.
3

50

an
w

Circle the people who are not respecting the road safety rules. Then, write
what they are doing wrong.

Social Science 2

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Travel and communication

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Write the numbers of the types of communication.

1. radio

3. billboard

5. television

2. computer

4. telephone

6. magazine

7. letter

Now, colour the names of the types of communication that are used
for advertisements.
2

Tick () the true statements. Then, correct the false one.

New technologies help to make communication easier and more efficient.


The Internet is a global computer network.
We dont need the Internet to send an email.
Billboards are used for advertisements.

Write three different types of communication that you use at home.

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Social Science 2

51

Water and air

ASSESSMENT

Name

Date

Look and write the three states of water.

How does the water change state? Complete the sentences.

steam

solid

gaseous

ice

We> yo fe liqui wae, i chan@e into


. Thi i
sta.
We> yo ea wae, i chan@e into
.
Thi i
sta.
3

Put the stages of the water cycle in order. Write 1, 2, 3 and 4.

The Sun heats the water in the sea and rivers. It evaporates into water
vapour and goes into the air.
When it rains or snows, the water goes back into the rivers and the sea.
Water vapour in the air cools and forms clouds in the sky.
The clouds move across the sky. Then, they release water as rain or snow.
52

Social Science 2

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Water and air

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Look and match.

salt water
fresh water

Which water can we drink?

What do you use water for? Write.

Tick () the true statements. Then, correct the false ones.

Air is visible.
Air is everywhere.
Air is a mixture of different gases.
Air has a fixed shape.
We cannot touch air.
Air doesnt move.

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Social Science 2

53

The weather
Name
1

ASSESSMENT

Date

Unscramble the sentence and write.

wind / Temperature, / is / like / and / what / tell / us / rain / weather / the

What are these weather instruments called? How do they help us? Match.

weather vane

It measures the amount


of rain.

thermometer

It measures the


temperature of the air.

anemometer

It shows the direction


of the wind.

rain gauge

It measures the speed


of the wind.

Read and circle the correct words.

Climate / Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a particular


time and place.
The weather in a particular place over a long period of time
is the climate / weather.
54

Social Science 2

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The weather

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

What is the climate like in these areas? Complete the texts.

rainscoldhotmildsnowslow

In mountain areas, the climate is


because the air temperature is
It

a lot.

In coastal areas, the climate is

The temperature is neither too


nor too cold. It usually

a lot.

Look at the picture and


tick () the climate.

Mountain climate.
Inland climate.
Coastal climate.

Write T (true) or F (false).

In coastal areas, the climate is mild.


Climate is the weather in a particular place over a long period of time.
A weather vain measures the temperature of the air.
Precipitation is water that falls to Earth.
A breeze is very strong wind.
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Social Science 2

55

Landscapes

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Classify the landscape words.

valleyislandplateauclifflighthousewoodscapehill

inland landscape features

coastal landscape features

Look and write.

plateauvalleymountain rangehill

Write T (true) or F (false).

Mountains are areas of high land.


A cape is a natural feature of an inland landscape.
A plateau is a high, flat plain.
There are farms and lighthouses on the plains.
Many people live on the coast.
56

Social Science 2

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Landscapes
Name
1

ASSESSMENT

Date

Write the features of this landscape. Then, circle the correct word.

We find these features in coastal / inland landscapes.


2

Read and circle the correct words.

All rivers begin in the mountains / sea. The


route a river takes is called the mouth /
course.
In the mountains, rivers are narrow / wide
and they flow slowly / fast. On the plains,
rivers carry a lot of / little water. The course
is full of pebbles / bends, called meanders.
Rivers meet the sea at the mouth / cliffs.
Here, rivers are wide / narrow and they flow
fast / slowly.
A river that flows into another river is called
a meander / tributary.
3

How are rivers and tributaries different? Write.

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Social Science 2

57

The Universe

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Read and tick () the correct option.

Stars
give out light and heat.

dont give out light and heat.

Planets
move around a star.

move around a satellite.

Satellites
move around a star.

move around a planet.

The Earth is
a star.

58

a planet.

a satellite.

Look and write.

Planets in the solar system

The star in the solar system

Social Science 2

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The Universe

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Think and match.

a year
24 hours

the Earth spins round

the seasons

the Earth moves around the Sun

day and night

Complete the text.

sunsetmiddaynight sunrise
The day begins at
It is

and finishes at
on the side facing away from the Sun. When

the Sun is at its highest, it is


3

Write T (true) or F (false). Then, correct the false sentence.

The Moon is the Earths natural satellite.


The seas on the Moon are full of salt water.
There are craters and seas on the Moons surface.
The Moon receives light from the Sun.

Draw the phases of the Moon.

waxing Moon

full Moon

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waning Moon

new Moon
Social Science 2

59

The Earth
Name
1

ASSESSMENT

Date

Label the picture. Then, complete the sentences.

T Eart sura i coe wit


an
.
Te i lae o
surroundin@
t pla>e.
2

Write the names.

What do you know about the Earth? Write T (true) or F (false).

The Earth is a star that gives off light.


The Earth is a sphere.
There are living things on Earth.
The Earth is a satellite.
The Earth spins round.
60

Social Science 2

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The Earth

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Write the numbers on the map.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Date

North America
Africa
Europe
Asia

5.
6.
7.
8.

Oceania
Antarctica
Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean

9. Arctic Ocean
10. Indian Ocean
11. Antarctic Ocean
12. South America

Complete the text.

claydiamonds rocks granitegoldminerals


The continents are made of
as

. Some rocks are hard, such

. Some rocks are soft, such as

Rocks are made up of

.
and

are examples of minerals.


3

Write the points of the compass. Then, complete the


compass rose.

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Social Science 2

61

Time passes
Name
1

ASSESSMENT

Date

Complete the sentences.

dayssecondsmonthshoursyearsminutesweeks
We use clocks to measure

We use calendars to measure

Look and write past, present or future.

Think and answer.

How many months are there in a year?

How many hours are there in a day?

How many days are there in a week?

62

Social Science 2

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Time passes
Name

ASSESSMENT

Date

Look at the pictures. How has this place changed over time? Write.

What is a museum? Tick ().

A place where we can see objects from the past.


A very old church.
3

Write T (true) or F (false).

To find out about the past we can


study monuments and old objects.
Typical dishes, customs and dances
that come from the past are traditions.
People used computers to communicate
in the past.
In modern cities we can still find buildings
from the past.
Monuments and objects in museums
tell us about the future.
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Social Science 2

63

Our country

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Tick () the correct answer.

What continent is Spain in?


Asia

America

Europe

Africa

Oceania

Which part of Europe is Spain in?


Italian Peninsula

Scandinavian Peninsula

Iberian Peninsula

Balkan Peninsula

Most of the Spanish territory is in which peninsula?


in the north

in the east

in the west

in the south

Colour the Spanish territory. Then, complete the sentence.

Spanish territory consists of 17


and 2
64

Social Science 2

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Our country

ASSESSMENT

Name
1

Date

Put the territories in order from the smallest to the biggest. Write 1, 2, 3 and 4.

province

neighbourhood

autonomous community

country

Circle the names of the autonomous communities that are not


in the Iberian Peninsula.

CataloniaCanary IslandsAndalusiaBalearic IslandsAragnExtremadura


3

Match the autonomous communities to their capitals.

Community of Madrid

Santiago de Compostela

Galicia

Seville

Andalusia

Barcelona

Catalonia

Madrid

Read and circle the correct words.

Most of the population in Spain lives in cities / villages.


Madrid / Barcelona has the highest population.
Tourists / Immigrants are people living and working in Spain.
There are more young people / elderly people than
young people / elderly people in Spain.
5

What type of map is this? Colour.

physical map

political map

What does this map show?

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Social Science 2

65

Where we live

INVESTIGATE

Name
1

Date

What special events do you celebrate in your neighbourhood? Complete


the index card and draw a picture.

Name of the celebration:


Date:

Place:

What do you celebrate?

Do you eat special foods?


Are there sports activities?
Is there a funfair?
Are there fireworks?
Is there a parade?
Is there a market?
Do people wear traditional costumes?

66

Social Science 2

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Jobs
Name
1

INVESTIGATE

Date

What job do you want to do when you grow up? And your friend?
Complete the index cards.

My name:
Name of the job:
It is in the primary / secondary / service sector.
Where do you work?
Why do you like this job?

I li i cau

My friends name:
Name of the job:
It is in the primary / secondary / service sector.
Where do you work?
Why do you like this job?

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I li i cau

Social Science 2

67

Travel and communication


Name
1

INVESTIGATE

Date

Choose one of these types of transport and complete the index card.

aeroplane

ship

lorry

Name of the type of transport:


Is it used for long distances, short distances or both?
Does it carry passengers?
Does it carry merchandise?
Does it travel on land, on sea or in the air?
Is it fast or slow?

Now, use the information on your index card to write a short description.

68

Social Science 2

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Water and air

INVESTIGATE

Name

Date

More than half of our planet is covered with water. But not all that water is
drinkable. Most of it is in oceans and it is salt water. Only a small part of it
is fresh water.
It is important to look after the water on our planet and not waste it.

Do you use water responsibly? Write Yes or No. Then, ask a friend.
me

my friend

Do you have a shower instead of a bath?


Do you turn off the shower while you wash your
hair?
Do you turn off the tap when you brush your teeth?
Do you put tissues in the bin instead of flushing
them down the toilet?
Do you take care of rivers and the sea by not
throwing rubbish in them?

Put the puzzle pieces together and write two sentences.

We need water

or waste it.

Dont pollute water

to live.

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Social Science 2

69

The weather
Name
1

INVESTIGATE

Date

How big are raindrops? Do this experiment to find out.

Most raindrops are small because big


ones usually break apart as they fall.
The biggest raindrop in the world fell in
Hawaii. It only measured 8mm, smaller
than your little fingernail!
Instructions
Work in small groups. You need:
a shoebox lid
aruler
some flour
abowl
a fine mesh sieve
Fill the shoebox lid with flour. Use the ruler to make the flour
smooth and flat.
When it rains, hold the shoebox lid out in the rain. Let 15-25 raindrops
fall onto the flour. Bring the lid back inside the classroom.
Place the sieve over the bowl. Carefully pour the flour into the bowl.
Shake gently.
Now, answer these questions:
How many big raindrops are there? How many little ones?

70

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Landscapes

INVESTIGATE

Name
1

Date

Do you prefer a mountain landscape or a coastal landscape?


Ask ten classmates and complete the sentence.

classmaefi pee
landsca.

Now, find out about the activities your classmates do in these places.
activities

number of students

hiking
mountain
landscape

climbing
skiing
swimming

coastal
landscape

fishing
surfing

Mos o m classmaefi do

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

.
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71

The Universe

INVESTIGATE

Name
1

Date

How does the Earth move around the Sun? Read.

The Earth moves


The Sun doesnt move. The Earth moves. It spins round like a top.
It turns once every 24 hours. This causes day. Half the Earth always
receives light from the Sun. In this half, it is day. The other half doesnt
receive light. In this half, it is night.
The Earth also moves around the Sun. The Earth takes 365 days,
or one year, to complete one orbit.

Look at the picture and act out the situation. Then, answer the questions.

Student 1 is the Earths helper.


Student 2 is the Earth.
Student 3 is the Sun.
3
1

How long does the Earth take to spin round?


How long does the Earth take to move around the Sun?

Is it day or night when the Earth is facing the Sun?

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Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

The Earth
Name
1

INVESTIGATE

Date

What direction does your classroom face?

Find out what wall of your classroom faces North. You can use a
compass to look at the position of the Sun. Dont forget that the Sun rises
in the East and sets in the West. With this information, you can find North.
Now, draw a plan of your classroom. Include a compass rose in it.

Look at your classroom plan. Which direction do these places face?

The classroom
The bathrooms
The canteen
The library
The playground
The gym
Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

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73

Time passes
Name

INVESTIGATE

Date

Look and tick () the modern forms of communication.

What did your parents and your grandparents use to communicate with when
they were your age? Ask these questions. Then, complete the table.

Did they use a telephone?

Did they use a typewriter?

Did they use a mobile phone?

Did they use a quill pen?


form of communication

my mother
my father
my grandparents

74

What do your friends use nowadays? Ask them and draw some examples.

Social Science 2

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Our country
Name
1

INVESTIGATE

Date

What is your favourite Spanish city? Complete the index card.


Search the Internet for more information, if necessary.

Name of the city:


Province:
Autonomous community:

Other autonomous communities


that border it:

Draw a picture of your favourite city and write three things you like about it.

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Social Science 2

75

Where we live
Name
1

SCIENCE SONGS

Date

Listen to the song and number.

Open the door.


Think of your neighbours.
Smile at your neighbours.
Play with your friends.
Say please and thank you.
Share your toys.

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Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Water and air


Name
1

SCIENCE SONGS

Date

Listen to the song and number the stages of the water cycle.

The rain comes down.


The clouds fill with water.
From the sea, water evaporates.
It starts to rain.
Into the rivers it goes.
And the water cycle starts again.
And to the seas the water flows.
Clouds form in the sky.

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

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77

Landscapes

SCIENCE SONGS

Name
1

Date

Listen to the song and complete. Then, draw.

Dont drop

Dont cut down

Dont pollute our

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Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

Time passes
Name

SCIENCE SONGS

Date

1 Which words are incorrect in the song? Listen and circle.

That was then and this is now.


So many things are old.
We have got things now that
we didnt have then.
Things are changing for me and you!

In the past there was no radio,


In the past there were no TVs.
Now we have got computers,
And CDs and MP3s.

In the past there was no metro,


In the past there were no cars.
Now we have got buses and lorries,
And vans and high-speed trains.

Photocopiable material 2015 Santillana Educacin, S.L.

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Answer keys

Answer keys

REINFORCEMENT

WHERE WE LIVE

JOBS

Page 6

Page 8

1. Read and match. Then, write city or


village.
(Ss match the first text to the picture of
the village and the second text to the
picture of the city.)
pictures, top to bottom:
city; village.

1. Classify the raw materials and the


manufactured products.
raw materials gold; cotton; wood.
manufactured products bracelet;
thread; table.

2. Read the definitions and write.


Head of the local council mayor.
Members of the local council
councillors.
The building where the local council
works town hall.
3. Who organizes the public services in
a local council? Tick ().
The councillors and the mayor.
Page 7
1. What are their jobs? Match.
clockwise, from top left: police officers;
taxi driver; street cleaners; sports
teachers.
2. Read the rules for the public
swimming pool. Then, write the
numbers.
clockwise, from top left: 1; 3; 2; 4.
3. What do good neighbours do?
Colour.
(Ss colour help each other and respect
the rules.)

2. Read and complete the sentences.


A farmer grows plants.
A miner gets rocks and minerals from
the ground.
An animal farmer raises animals.
A fisherman catches fish and seafood.
Page 9
1. Circle the workers who make
manufactured products.
(Ss circle the potter, the factory worker
and the dressmaker.)
2. Read and write the numbers.
3, 2, 1.
3. Classify the jobs. Then, add one more
to each sector.
primary sector woodcutter; fisherman.
Model Answer (M.A.): farmer.
secondary sector baker; carpenter.
M.A.: sculptor.
services doctor; shop assistant.
M.A.: street cleaner.
TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION
Page 10
1. Classify these types of transport.
public bus; plane; ship.
individual motorcycle; car; bicycle.

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REINFORCEMENT

2. Complete the sentences.


When we walk down the street, we
must always use the pavement.
We must cross the road at a pedestrian
crossing.
When we are in a car, we must always
fasten our seat belt.
We must get on and off the bus in an
orderly manner.
Page 11
1. Why do we use different types of
communication? Tick ().
(Ss tick To get information, To stay in
touch with other people and To be
entertained.)
2. Use the colour key to circle the types
of communication.
green: personal communication
computer; letter; telephone.
red: the media radio; newspaper.
3. Write the names of the devices.
tablet; MP3 player; laptop;
mobile phone.
WATER AND AIR
Page 12
1. What is the state of the water in each
picture? Write.
gaseous; liquid; solid.
2. Read and complete.
When water is heated, it changes from
a liquid state to a gaseous state.
When water is cooled, it changes from
a liquid state to a solid state.

3. Match.
Sea water is salty.
Water in rivers and lakes is fresh water.
4. What water can we drink? Tick ().
(Ss tick the picture of the tap with
running water.)
Page 13
1. Look and complete the water cycle.
1. Sea water evaporates into water
vapour.
2. Clouds form in the sky.
3. The clouds move across the sky.
Water falls as rain or snow.
4. The rain goes into rivers. The rivers
flow into the sea.
2. Write T (true) or F (false).
T; T; F; F.
THE WEATHER
Page 14
1. What is the weather like? Look and
write.
M.A.
It is cloudy and it is raining. It is cold.
It is sunny and hot.
2. What are these weather instruments?
Match and write.
weather vane; thermometer; rain gauge.
(Ss circle the rain gauge.)
3. What do these weather symbols
mean? Write.
sunny; cloudy; stormy; rain.

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Answer keys

Page 15
1. Read and complete the text.
When the temperature is high, the
weather is hot.
When the temperature is low, the
weather is cold.
2. What is climate? Read and tick ().
(Ss tick The weather in a particular place
over a long period of time.)
3. What is the climate like in these
areas? Read and write the number.
3; 1; 2.
LANDSCAPES
Page 16
1. Look and write.
clockwise, from top right: mountain
range; plateau; river; wood; sea.
2. Use the colour key to circle the
words.
red: natural features valley; plateau;
river; cape; hill.
blue: man-made features village;
road; farm; lighthouse; bridge.
3. Read and write high land or low land.
The coast is land near the sea. There is
low land with beaches of sand and high
land with rocky cliffs.
Page 17
1. Write the names of these landscape
features.
island; beach; cliff; cape.
2. Look and write the parts of the river.
clockwise, from top right: source;
mouth; meander; tributary.
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Social Science 2

REINFORCEMENT

3. What are rivers like in these


landscapes? Match.
In the mountains here, rivers flow fast
and carry little water.
On the plains rivers here are wide and
carry a lot of water. The course is full of
meanders.
On the coast here, the rivers meet the
sea at the mouth.
THE UNIVERSE
Page 18
1. Look and match. Then, write.
satellite Moon It moves around
a planet.
star Sun It gives out light and heat.
planet Earth It moves around
a star.
2. Label the picture.
clockwise, from top left: Sun; Earth;
night; day.
3. Why is there day and night? Tick ().
(Ss tick Because the Earth spins round
like a top.)
Page 19
1. Look and answer.
How long does the Earth take to spin
round? 24 hours.
How long does the Earth take to move
around the Sun? One year.
2. Label the planets in the solar system.
from closest to farthest from the Sun:
Mercury; Venus; Earth; Mars; Jupiter;
Saturn; Uranus; Neptune.

REINFORCEMENT

3. Write the names of the phases of the


moon.
on the left: full; waning.
on the right: new; waxing.
THE EARTH
Page 20
1. Look and write.
clockwise, from the left: land; air; water.
2. Write the names of the oceans and
continents.
oceans: Atlantic Ocean; Pacific Ocean;
Indian Ocean; Antarctic Ocean.
continents: North America, South
America; Europe; Africa; Asia; Oceania;
Antarctica.
Page 21

A compass rose shows the compass


points.
TIME PASSES
Page 22
1. Complete the sentences.
The present is what is happening now.
The past is what happened before.
The future is what will happen.
2. Read and tick () the correct options.
(Ss tick days, months and a year.)
(Ss tick hours, seconds and minutes.)
3. Read and complete the sentences
with the words day, week or year.
There are 12 months in a year.
There are 24 hours in a day.
There are 7 days in a week.

1. Match. Then, complete the


sentences.
A world map and a globe show the
oceans and the continents.
A street map shows parts of a city or
a village.

4. Write the months of the year that are


missing.
January; February; March; April;
May; June; July; August; September;
October; November; December.

2. Tick () the true statements about


minerals and rocks.
(Ss tick Rocks are made up of minerals;
Rocks are the solid part of the Earth;
Rocks make up the continents and the
islands.)

1. Look at the clocks. Are they old or


modern? Match.
past sundial; present digital clock.

3. Which compass point shows the


direction of the rising Sun? Colour.
(Ss colour East.)
4. Read and match.
A compass shows us which direction
we are facing on the Earth.

Page 23

2. H
 ow has this place changed over
time? Look at the pictures and
complete the sentences.
M.A.
In the second picture, there is a castle
and a wall.
In the third picture, there are some tall
buildings and some cars.
3; 2; 1.
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85

Answer keys

3. Read and match.


Traditions old customs that people
practise over time.
Monuments important buildings or
sculptures.
Museums places where we can see
old objects.
OUR COUNTRY
Page 24
1. Write the names of the Spanish
territories.
clockwise, from the left: Iberian
Peninsula; Balearic Islands; Melilla;
Ceuta; Canary Islands.
2. What are the borders of Spain?
Complete the sentences.
In the north are the Cantabrian Sea and
the Pyrenees. They border with France.
In the south is Africa.
In the east is the Mediterranean Sea.
In the west are Portugal and
the Atlantic Ocean.
3. Which continent is Spain in? Colour.
(Ss colour Europe.)
Page 25
1. Read and write T (true) or F (false).
Then, correct the false sentence.
T; F; T; T.
(Ss correct the second sentence: Each
autonomous community has one or
several provinces.)
2. Write about where you live.
Open Answer (O.A.)

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REINFORCEMENT

3. Which is the Spanish city with the


highest population? Colour.
(Ss colour Madrid.)
4. Match the word immigrants to the
correct definition.
Immigrants People who come to live
and work in a country.

EXTENSION

WHERE WE LIVE
Page 24
1. Read and answer the questions.
There is a park near Andreas house.
She plays with her friends.
No, there is little traffic.
She always throws her rubbish
in the bin.
They say hello to her.
Page 25
1. Complete each text with the correct
words.
The place where I live is a city because
there are tall buildings, many inhabitants
and wide streets.
The place where I live is a village
because there are small buildings, few
inhabitants and narrow streets.
2. Read and circle the correct words.
A local council is the local government
of a village or a city. It is made up of the
councillors and the mayor. The local
council organizes the public services.
The town hall is the building where the
local council works. It is usually in the
main square of the town.
JOBS
Page 26
1. Circle. Use the key.
green: raw materials sugar beet and
fruit.
red: manufactured products sweets
and sugar.

2. Read the text again and answer the


questions.
It comes from sugar beet.
It is mixed with different fruit flavours.
Page 27
1. Circle the manufactured products.
Then, write them under the raw
materials.
milk: cheese; yoghurt.
wood: chair; table.
metal: radiator; key.
cotton: T-shirt; pyjamas.
2. Read and write the correct number.
from top to bottom:
left column: 1; 2; 1; 2.
right column: 1; 1; 2; 2.
TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION
Page 30
1. Read the definitions and match.
A small taxi which looks like a cross
between a motorcycle and
a van. tuk-tuk
A type of bus which stops along the
river to pick up passengers. water-taxi
A tricycle with a seat at the back to
carry people. samlor
2. How are samlors and tuk-tuks
different? How are they similar?
Write.
M.A.
different A samlor is a tricycle.
A tuk-tuk looks like a cross between a
motorcycle and a van.

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Answer keys

similar They are both a type of taxi


to carry people. Both have got three
wheels.
Page 31
1. Read and draw.
O.A.
2. Read and complete the text.
It is important to respect road safety
rules. They help to prevent accidents.
Vehicles and pedestrians must respect
traffic lights and road signs.
Buses, trains and the underground are
all types of public transport. When on
public transport, we must respect the
seats reserved for elderly people or the
disabled.

EXTENSION

Water hasnt got any colour, taste or


smell.
2. Read the clues and match.
It is found underground. Groundwater.
It is moving air. Wind.
A mixture of different gases. Air.
It is found in three states. Water.
3. Read and correct the sentences.
Groundwater collects in wells.
The clouds release water as rain or
snow.
Sea water is salty.
Oxygen is one of the gases in air.
Air is all around us.
THE WEATHER
Page 34

WATER AND AIR


Page 32
1. Answer the questions.
In volcanic areas like Iceland, or
Yellowstone Park in the United States.
Because ships can collide with them.
(Ss tick water.)
2. Colour the characteristics of icebergs
in blue and of geysers in red.
(Ss colour in blue: solid state; low
temperature; floating in the sea.
Ss colour in red: gaseous state; high
temperature; in volcanic areas.)
Page 33
1. What is water like? Tick (). Then,
complete the sentence.
(Ss tick It is colourless; It hasnt got any
taste; and It hasnt got any smell.)

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Social Science 2

1. Read and answer the questions.


It is hot and it rains very little.
Trade winds are winds from the east.
They produce a thick mist.
(Ss tick little streams.)
2. Unscramble the words related to
weather. Write.
rain; cloud; hot; wind.
Page 35
1. Choose the correct words and
complete the text.
Precipitation is water that falls to Earth.
We use a rain gauge to measure it. Rain,
hail and snow are types of precipitation.
2. Read. Then, draw the weather
symbols on the map.
O.A.

EXTENSION

LANDSCAPES

Page 39

Page 36

1. Read. Then, complete the sentence.


The Sun is a star, the Earth is a planet
and the Moon is a satellite.

1. Write T (true) or F (false). Then,


correct the false sentences.
F; F; T; T.
(Ss correct the two first sentences:
The postcard is a picture of Taal Lake;
Taal Lake is in Luzon, one of the
Philippine Islands.)
2. What is an island? Tick ().
(Ss tick A piece of land that is
completely surrounded by water.)
3. What is a lake? Tick ().
(Ss tick A body of fresh water or salt
water surrounded by land.)
Page 37
1. Find eight words. Then, write.
horizontally: mountain; lighthouse;
plateau; tunnel; valley; port; island.
vertically: beach.
2. Read about the different types of
landscapes and write the numbers.
3; 2; 1.
THE UNIVERSE
Page 38
1. Read the text. Then, match.
Planets Jupiter; Earth.
Satellites Moon; Europa.
2. Write T (true) or F (false).
T; T; F; F.

2. Look at the solar system and


complete the sentences.
Mercury is the nearest to the Sun.
The Earth is the only planet with life.
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar
system.
Saturn is surrounded by rings made of
rocks and ice.
Neptune is the furthest planet from the
Sun.
Uranus is between Neptune and Saturn.
From Earth Venus looks like a star.
Mars is called the Red Planet.
THE EARTH
Page 40
1. Write T (true) or F (false). Then,
correct the false sentences.
T; F; T; F; T; T.
(Ss correct the second and fourth
sentences: Antarctica is bigger than
Europe; Amudsen was a Norwegian
explorer.)
2. Antarctica is home to three types
of penguins. Search the Internet
for pictures of the Adlie Penguin,
Chinstrap Penguin and Emperor
Penguin and stick them in your
notebook.
O.A.

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Answer keys

EXTENSION

Page 41

Page 43

1. Read and complete the text.


The Earth is a planet in the solar system.
The surface of the Earth is covered with
water and land. The atmosphere is the
layer of air that surrounds the Earth. The
continents are large areas of land and
are made of rocks. The oceans are very
large areas of salt water. To represent
the Earth we use maps and globes.

1. Read the text on the previous


page again and correct the false
sentences.
People used sundials during the day
and water clocks at night.
Water clocks used the flow of water to
measure time.
Water clocks were used to calculate
the time.

2. What is the way to Lynns home? Use


the compass rose to give directions.
Complete.
M.A.
First, walk towards the east. Then turn
to the south. Keep walking and turn
east again. Go straight ahead and at the
corner, turn north. Finally, turn west.

2. Label the pictures. Then, circle


the objects that people used to
communicate in the past.
top row: telephone; quill pen; laptop.
bottom row: typewriter; mobile phone.
(Ss circle the quill pen and the
typewriter.)

TIME PASSES
Page 42
1. Answer the questions.
They used the position of the Sun.
No, you couldnt.
It used the flow of water.
No, we dont.
2. Write the names of these ancient
clocks.
sundial; water clock or clepsydra.

OUR COUNTRY
Page 44
1. Look at the pictures. Which one is
Ceuta?
(Ss tick the second picture from the left.)
2. What are the two places that border
Ceuta? Colour.
(Ss colour Morocco and Mediterranean
Sea.)
3. What does lvaro like most about
Ceuta?
He likes the sea and its beautiful blue
colour.
4. What other autonomous city borders
with Morocco and the Mediterranean
Sea? Unscramble and write.
Melilla.

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Social Science 2

EXTENSION

Page 45
1. Look and colour.
(Ss colour.)
2. Read and guess. Then, write.
Portugal; The Pyrenees; Canary Islands;
Extremadura; Africa.

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91

Answer keys

ASSESSMENT

WHERE WE LIVE

JOBS

Page 42

Page 44

1. Write sentences about villages and


cities. Use the words in brackets.
M.A.
(inhabitants): The people who live in a
place are the inhabitants.
(buildings): Buildings in cities are usually
tall.
(streets): Streets in villages are narrower
than in cities.
(traffic): There is lots of traffic in big
cities.

1. Match the raw material to the


manufactured product.
orange orange juice
sheep jumper
tree chair

2. Read and write the numbers and


jobs.
clockwise, from the top: 2; 3; 1.
3. Write T (true) or F (false).
T; F; T; T.

2. Put the pictures in order. Write 1, 2


and 3.
2, 3, 1.
3. Read and complete the sentences.
Fishermen go to sea to catch fish and
seafood.
We get meat and eggs from chicken.
A baker makes bread and a carpenter
makes furniture.
Farmers grow plants to get fruits,
vegetables and cotton.

Page 43

Page 45

1. What do they do? Match.


mayor and councillors They organize
public services.
public workers They do jobs for the
community.

1. Write the words.


clockwise, from top left: customer; shop
assistant; product; money.

2. Where do local councillors work?


Colour.
(Ss colour town hall.)
3. Are you a good neighbour? Tick ().
M.A.
(Ss tick I use the rubbish bins; I respect
traffic signs; I look after public spaces.)

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2. Write T (true) or F (false). Then,


correct the false sentence.
T; T; T; F.
(Ss correct the last sentence: The
people who buy in a shop are
customers.)
3. Unscramble the words and complete.
Factory workers work in factories and
craft workers work in workshops.
They transform raw materials into
manufactured products.

ASSESSMENT

3 TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION


Page 50
1. Classify the types of transport.
travel on water: sailboat; ship.
travel on land: motorcycle; lorry.
travel in the air: helicopter; plane.
2. Who are the seats reserved for on
public transport? Write.
1. parents and children
2. pregnant women
3. elderly people
4. disabled
3. Circle the people who are not
respecting the road safety rules.
Then, write what they are doing
wrong.
(Ss circle the woman crossing the road
and the child on the bicycle.)
M.A.
The woman is not using the pedestrian
crossing to cross the road.
The boy is riding his bicycle on the
pavement.
Page 51
1. Write the numbers of the types
of communication.
top to bottom, left to right:
5; 2; 3; 7; 1; 4; 6.
(Ss colour television, computer,
billboard, radio and magazine.)

2. Tick () the true statements. Then,


correct the false one.
(Ss tick New technologies help to
make communication easier and
more efficient; The Internet is a global
computer network; Billboards are used
for advertisements.)
(Ss correct the third sentence: We need
the Internet to send an email.)
3. Write three different types of
communication that you use at home.
M.A.
I listen to the radio, and read comics
and magazines.
WATER AND AIR
Page 52
1. Look and write the three states of
water.
solid; liquid; gaseous.
2. How does the water change state?
Complete the sentences.
When you freeze liquid water, it changes
into ice. This is a solid state. When you
heat water, it changes into steam. This
is a gaseous state.
3. Put the stages of the water cycle in
order. Write 1, 2, 3 and 4.
1, 4, 2, 3.
Page 53
1. Look and match.
picture of the sea salt water.
picture of lake and mountains fresh
water.
We can drink fresh water.

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93

Answer keys

2. What do you use water for? Write.


M.A.
I use water for drinking, for having a
shower, and for watering the plants.
3. Tick () the true statements. Then,
correct the false ones.
(Ss tick Air is everywhere; Air is a
mixture of different gases; We cannot
touch air.)
(Ss correct the first, the fourth and the
sixth statement: Air is invisible; Air has
no fixed shape; Air moves.)
THE WEATHER
Page 54
1. Unscramble the sentence and write.
Temperature, wind and rain tell us what
the weather is like.
2. What are these weather instruments
called? How do they help us? Match.
weather vane: It shows the direction of
the wind.
thermometer: It measures the
temperature of the air.
anemometer: It measures the speed of
the wind.
rain gauge: It measures the amount of
rain.
3. Read and circle the correct words.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere
at a particular time and place.
The weather in a particular place over a
long period of time is the climate.

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Social Science 2

ASSESSMENT

Page 55
1. What is the climate like in these
areas? Complete the texts.
In mountain areas, the climate is cold
because the air temperature is low. It
snows a lot.
In coastal areas, the climate is mild. The
temperature is neither too hot nor too
cold. It usually rains a lot.
2. Look at the picture and tick () the
climate.
(Ss tick Inland climate.)
3. Write T (true) or F (false).
T; T; F; T; F.
LANDSCAPES
Page 56
1. Classify the landscape words.
inland landscape features: valley;
plateau; woods; hill.
coastal landscape features: island; cliff;
lighthouse; cape.
2. Look and write.
valley; hill; mountain range; plateau.
3. Write T (true) or F (false).
T; F; T; F; T.
Page 57
1. Write the features of this landscape.
Then, circle the correct word.
clockwise, top left to right: beach; cliff;
island; cape.
We find these features in coastal
landscapes.

ASSESSMENT

2. Read and circle the correct words.


All rivers begin in the mountains. The
route a river takes is called the course.
In the mountains, rivers are narrow
and they flow fast. On the plains, rivers
carry a lot of water. The course is full of
bends, called meanders. Rivers meet
the sea at the mouth. Here, rivers are
wide and they flow slowly.
A river that flows into another river is
called a tributary.
3. How are rivers and tributaries
different? Write.
A river flows into the sea and a tributary
is a small river which flows into a larger
river.
THE UNIVERSE
Page 58
1. Read and tick () the correct option.
Stars give out light and heat.
Planets move around a star.
Satellites move around a planet.
The Earth is a planet.

2. Complete the text.


The day begins at sunrise and finishes
at sunset. It is night on the side facing
away from the Sun. When the Sun is at
its highest, it is midday.
3. Write T (true) or F (false). Then,
correct the false sentence.
T; F; T; T.
(Ss correct the second sentence: The
seas on the Moon havent got any
water.)
4. Draw the phases of the Moon.
(Ss draw.)
THE EARTH
Page 60
1. Label the picture. Then, complete the
sentences.
clockwise, from bottom left: water; air;
land.
The Earths surface is covered with land
and water.
There is a layer of air surrounding the
planet.

2. Look and write.


Planets in the solar system: Mercury;
Venus; Earth; Mars; Jupiter; Saturn;
Uranus; Neptune.
The star in the solar system: the Sun.

2. Write the names.


world map; globe; street map.

Page 59

Page 61

1. Think and match.


24 hours the Earth spins round day
and night.
a year the Earth moves around the
Sun the seasons.

1. Write the numbers on the map.


(Ss write the numbers.)

3. What do you know about the Earth?


Write T (true) or F (false).
F; T; T; F; T.

Social Science 2

95

Answer keys

2. Complete the text.


The continents are made of rocks.
Some rocks are hard, such as granite.
Some rocks are soft, such as clay.
Rocks are made up of minerals. Gold
and diamonds are examples of minerals.
3. Write the points of the compass.
Then, complete the compass rose.
North; South; West; East.
clockwise, from the top: N; E; S; W.
TIME PASSES
Page 62

ASSESSMENT

Page 63
1. Look at the pictures. How has this
place changed over time? Write.
M.A.
In the past, the houses were small and
they were inside a wall. There was a big
castle on the top of the hill.
Today, it is a bigger place. The buildings
are tall. There are cars in the streets. The
castle and the wall are in ruins.
2. What is a museum? Tick ().
(Ss tick A place where we can see
objects from the past.)

1. Complete the sentences.


We use clocks to measure seconds,
minutes and hours.
We use calendars to measure days,
weeks and years.

3. Write T (true) or F (false).


T; T; F; T; F.

2. Look and write past, present


or future.
present; past; future.

1. Tick () the correct answer.


What continent is Spain in? Europe.
Most of the Spanish territory is in which
peninsula? Iberian Peninsula.
Which part of Europe is Spain in? in the
south.

3. Think and answer.


How many months are there in a year?
12 months.
How many hours are there in a day?
24 hours.
How many days are there in a week?
7 days.

OUR COUNTRY
Page 64

2. Colour the Spanish territory. Then,


complete the sentence.
(Ss colour.)
Spanish territory consists of 17
autonomous communities and two
autonomous cities.
Page 65
1. Put the territories in order from the
smallest to the biggest. Write 1, 2, 3
and 4.
2; 1; 3; 4.

96

Social Science 2

ASSESSMENT

2. Circle the names of the autonomous


communities that are not in the
Iberian Peninsula.
(Ss circle Canary Islands and Balearic
Islands.)
3. Match the autonomous communities
to their capitals.
Community of Madrid Madrid.
Galicia Santiago de Compostela.
Andalusia Seville.
Catalonia Barcelona.
4. Read and circle the correct words.
Most of the population in Spain lives
in cities. Madrid has the highest
population. Immigrants are people living
and working in Spain.
There are more elderly people than
young people in Spain.
5. What type of map is this? Colour.
(Ss colour political map.)
It shows the autonomous
communities.

Social Science 2

97

Answer keys

WHERE WE LIVE
Page 60
1. What special events do you celebrate
in your neighbourhood? Complete
the index card and draw a picture.
M.A.
Name of celebration: San Isidro.
Date: May 15th.
Place: Madrid.
What do you celebrate? The citys
patron saint, San Isidro Labrador.
Do you eat special foods? Aniseed
doughnuts (rosquillas de San Isidro),
callos and cocido.
Are there sports activities? No.
Is there a funfair? Yes.
Are there fireworks? Yes.
Is there a parade? Yes.
Is there a market? Yes.
Do people wear traditional costumes?
Yes, chulapo and goyesco costumes.
JOBS
Page 61
1. What job do you want to do when
you grow up? And your friend?
Complete the index cards.
M.A.
My name: Ken
Name of job: Surfer.
It is in the service sector.
Where do you work? In the sea.
I like it because I swim a lot and do
exercise every day.
M.A.
My friends name: Lynn

98

Social Science 2

INVESTIGATE

Name of the job: Woodcutter.


It is in the primary sector.
Where do you work? In the forest.
I like it because I work outdoors, I walk
a lot and I breathe fresh air.
TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION
Page 68
1. Choose one of these types of
transport and complete the index
card.
M.A.
Name of the type of transport:
Aeroplane.
Is it used for long distances, short
distances or both? For long distances.
Does it carry passengers? Yes, it does.
Does it carry merchandise? Yes, it does.
Does it travel on land, on sea or in the
air? In the air.
Is it fast or slow? It is fast.
An aeroplane is a type of transport
used for long distances. It carries both
passengers and merchandise. It travels
in the air and it is very fast.
WATER AND AIR
Page 69
1. Do you use water responsibly? Write
Yes or No. Then, ask a friend.
O.A.
2. Put the puzzle pieces together and
write two sentences.
We need water to live.
Dont pollute water or waste it.

INVESTIGATE

THE WEATHER

THE EARTH

Page 70

Page 73

1. How big are raindrops? Do this


experiment to find out.
O.A.

1. What direction does your classroom


face?
O.A.

LANDSCAPES
Page 71
1. Do you prefer a mountain landscape
or a coastal landscape? Ask ten
classmates and complete the
sentence.
O.A.
2. Now, find out about the activities
your classmates do in these places.
O.A.
THE UNIVERSE
Page 72
1. How does the Earth move around the
Sun? Read.
(Ss read.)
2. Look at the picture and act out
the situation. Then, answer the
questions.
(Ss act out.)
How long does the Earth take to spin
round? 24 hours.
How long does the Earth take to move
around the Sun? A year.
Is it day or night when the Earth is facing
the Sun? It is day.

2. Look at your classroom plan. Which


direction do these places face?
O.A.
TIME PASSES
Page 74
1. Look and tick () the modern forms
of communication.
(Ss tick the MP3 player, the mobile
phone and the tablet.)
2. What did your parents and your
grandparents use to communicate
with when they were your age? Ask
these questions. Then, complete the
table.
O.A.
3. What do your friends use nowadays?
Ask them and draw some examples.
O.A.
OUR COUNTRY
Page 75
1. What is your favourite Spanish city?
Complete the index card. Search
the Internet for more information, if
necessary.
O.A.

Social Science 2

99

Answer keys

2. Draw a picture of your favourite city


and write three things you like about
it.
O.A.
WHERE WE LIVE
Page 76
1. Listen to the song and number.
2; 4; 3; 5; 1; 6.
WATER AND AIR
Page 77
1. Listen to the song and number the
stages of the water cycle.
5; 3; 1; 4; 6; 8; 7; 2.
LANDSCAPES
Page 78
1. Listen to the song and complete.
Then, draw.
Dont drop litter.
Dont cut down trees.
Dont pollute our water.
(Ss draw.)
TIME PASSES
Page 79
1. Which words are incorrect in the
song? Listen and circle.
old; radio; computers; CDs; cars; lorries.

100

Social Science 2

REINFORCEMENT
SCIENCE SONGS

NOTES



























NOTES



























NOTES



























Art director: Jos Crespo


Design coordinator: Rosa Marn
Design team:
Cover design: Pep Carri
Cover photograph: Leila Mndez
Design development coordinator: Javier Tejeda
Design development: Ral de Andrs and Jorge Gmez
Technical director: Jorge Mira
Technical coordinators: Marisa Valbuena
Layout: Pedro Valencia y Eva Hernndez
Art coordination: Carlos Aguilera
Photo research: Maril Rodriglvez
Photographs:

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(Centro Espaol de Derechos Reprogrficos, www.cedro.org).

2015 by Santillana Educacin, S. L. / Richmond Publishing


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Richmond Publishing is an imprint
of Santillana Educacin, S. L.
Printed in Spain
CP: 657093
ISBN: 978-84-680-2868-2
D. L.: M-1759-2016

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