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# Math 1B03

## 1st Sample Test #1

Name:___________________________________________
(Last Name)
(First Name)
Student Number:_____________________ Tutorial Number:____________________
This test consists of 20 multiple choice questions worth 1 mark each (no part marks), and 1
question worth 1 mark (no part marks) on proper computer card filling. All questions must be
answered on the COMPUTER CARD with an HB PENCIL. Marks will not be deducted for
wrong answers (i.e., there is no penalty for guessing). You are responsible for ensuring that your
copy of the test is complete. Bring any discrepancy to the attention of the invigilator.
Calculators are NOT allowed.
1. Which of the following matrices are in reduced row echelon form?
"
!
(i)
!
!
"
(iv)
!

# ! \$ !
"
! " " !
(ii) !
! ! ! "
!
! ! ! !
( & &
" \$ #

!
!
"

!
"
!

&
"
\$ (iii)
!
%

!
"

\$
#

"
%

## (a) (i), (iii), and (iv) only

(b) (iii) only
(c) (i), (ii), and (iii) only
(d) (i) and (iii) only
(e) none of them
#
2. Let E "
\$

" " !
\$
& " . Find the reduced row echelon form of E.
" ( #
"
(a) !
!

!
"
!

)&

!
"
!

)&
""
&
!

"
(d) !

*
&

!
" !

! (b) ! "
! !
"

!
" !

! (e) ! "
! !
"

)
&
""
&

!
(&
""
&

! " !
! (c) ! "
" ! !
!
!
"

)&
""
&

!
!
"

3. Suppose that the augmented matrix for a system of linear equations has been reduced by row
operations to the given reduced row echelon form. Solve the system.
"
!

!
!

' ! ! \$
! " ! %
! ! " &
! ! ! !

#
(

)
!

## (a) B" #= \$> '? (b) B" # \$= '>

B# ?
B# >
B\$ (= %>
B\$ ( %>
B% )= &>
B% ) &>
B& >
B& =
(d) B" # \$> ' (e) B" # \$> '=
B# !
B# =
B\$ ( %>
B\$ ( %>
B% ) &>
B% ) &>
B& >
B& >

(c) B"
B#
B\$
B%
B&

# \$> '=
=
( %>
) &>
>

## 4. Solve the following system of equations

#B" B# B\$ B% #B& "
\$B" \$B# #B\$ \$B& !
\$B# B\$ \$B% "#B& "
(b) B" \$ #= %> (c) B" \$ #= )>
B# " #>
B# =
B\$ & \$= >
B\$ ' \$= "&>
B% =
B% " #= "#>
B& >
B& >
\$ #= )>
(e) B" " = %>
" >
B# " \$= >
' \$= "&>
B\$ =
=
B% #= '>
>
B& >

(a) no solution

(d) B"
B#
B\$
B%
B&

## 5. If EFG X can be formed, E is \$ #, and G is % &, what size is F ?

(a) # # (b) # & (c) \$ % (d) # % (e) \$ &

6. Find conditions on + and , such that the following system has exactly one solution
B ,C "
#+B #C &
(a) +, " and + &#
(b) +, "
(c) + &# , #&
(d) + \$, , #&
(e) +, # + &#
7. Consider the following system.
#B C #D &
B C \$D "
B #C %D '

#
Given that the inverse of "
"

" #
"\$
"
" \$ is equal to "\$
# %
\$
"!

)
"\$
'
"\$
&
"\$

"\$

"\$
(a) )
"!

(c)

"\$
"
"\$
"!
"\$
)
"\$
"
"\$

"
"\$
'
"\$
%
"\$
"
"\$
'
"\$
%
"\$

\$
"!
"\$
&
"\$
&
"
" (b) "\$
"\$
" '
\$
"\$
"\$

)
"\$
'
"\$

\$
"!
"\$
&
"\$
&
"
" (d) "\$
"\$
" '
\$
"

"\$

"
"\$
%
"\$
"
"\$

&
"\$

)
"\$
'
"\$
&
"\$

"\$

"
"\$
%
"\$
"
"\$

, which of the

&
"
'
"
"\$
%
"\$
"
"\$

&

"

'

"

\$
EX #M"
#
(a) E

! #
" "

(d) E

" #
" &

(b) E
(e) E

&
#

"%
\$#
"
%

"#

""
%
"#
&%

"
#

" #
(c) E "%
" &

E
(a)

\$
#

'
"
F

%
#

" "
# #

(b)

"
#

#
%
#
#

(c)

" "
" #
(d)

! "
! "

(e)

"
!

#
"

## 10. Which of the following matrices are always symmetric.

(i) E EX (ii) EEX (iii) 5E for any scalar 5 (iv) E EX
(a) (i), (ii), and (iii) only
(b) (i), (ii), and (iv) only
(c) (ii) and (iv) only
(d) (i) and (ii) only
(e) (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv)
< =
11. Given that det ? @
B C
(a) \$#

(b) \$#

>
<
A %, compute det B )<
)?
D

(c) #&'

(d) #&'

(e) !

#
#
,
\$, calculate det - " "
.
. # #
(b) "# (c) "# (d) % (e) \$

+
12. If det
(a) %

=
C )=
)@

!
#+ .
#,

## 13. If E is \$ \$ and det#E" \$ detE\$ F " X , find det F .

#
\$
\$
\$
\$
(a) \$)\$ (b) )\$% (c) )\$# (d) #\$% (e) #\$#
14. Compute the determinant of the following matrix,
\$
"

"
"

(a) \$"

## (b) "\$# (c) "\$"

"
\$
!
"

(d) "\$!

& #
!
"

&
#
# "

(e) !

>
D )> .
)A

"
15. Find the adjoint of the following matrix \$
!

" #
" ! .
" "

" %
" " %
"
!
!
(a) * "
(b) * "
! "
! " %
%
" " #
" \$ !
'
(d) \$ "
(e) " " "
\$ "
# ! "
%
#
16. Find the eigenvalues of E "
"
(a) # " "

## (b) " "

(c) # "

!
#
\$

"
(c) \$
\$

" #
" '
" %

!
" .
#
(d) # "

(e) # " !

17. Suppose that a matrix E (not given) has eigenvalues - " # \$ with eigenvectors
" "
!
# ! and ! , respectively. Find T and H so that T " ET H.
" "
"
(a) T

(b) T

(c) T

(d) T

(e) T

" # "
"
" ! " , H !
! ! "
!
! " "
\$
! # ! ,H !
" " "
!
" " !
"
! # ! ,H !

## " " "

!
" " !
\$
# ! ! ,H !
" " "
!
" ! "
"
# ! ! ,H !
" " "
!

! !
# !
! \$
! !
" !
! #
! !
\$ !
! #
! !
# !
! "
! !
# !
! \$

18. Suppose :- - "\$ for some diagonalizable \$ \$ matrix E (not given). Calculate
E#& .
!
! ! !
#&
!
#&
(a) ! ! !
(b)
! ! !
!
!
!
" !
" !
(d) ! " !
(e) ! "
!
! !
! "

!
!
#&
!
!
"

#& !
(c) ! #&
!
!

!
!
#&

19. Suppose that -" is an eigenvalue of E with eigenvector x, and -# is an eigenvalue of F with
the same eigenvector x. Consider the following statements.
(i) -" -# is an eigenvalue of the matrix E F
(ii) -" -# is an eigenvalue of the matrix FE
(iii) -"\$ is an eigenvalue of the matrix E\$
Which of the above statements are always true?
(a) (i), (ii), and (iii)
(b) (i) and (ii) only
(c) (i) and (iii) only
(d) (ii) only
(e) (i) only

20. In Matlab what command could be used to create the row vector
(\$ & ( * "" "\$ "& "( "*?
(a) >>[3 by 2 to 19] (b) >>3:2:19 (c) >>[3 to 19 by 2]
(d) >>for (i = 3 to 19 by 2) x[i] = i end
(e) >>[3;5;7;9;11;13;15;17;19]

21. Correctly fill out the bubbles corresponding to your student number and the version number
of your test in the correct places on the computer card. (Use the below computer card for
this sample test.)

Math 1B03
2nd Sample Test #1

Name:___________________________________________
(Last Name)
(First Name)
Student Number:_____________________ Tutorial Number:____________________
This test consists of 20 multiple choice questions worth 1 mark each (no part marks), and 1
question worth 1 mark (no part marks) on proper computer card filling. All questions must be
answered on the COMPUTER CARD with an HB PENCIL. Marks will not be deducted for
wrong answers (i.e., there is no penalty for guessing). You are responsible for ensuring that your
copy of the test is complete. Bring any discrepancy to the attention of the invigilator.
Calculators are NOT allowed.
1. Find matrices E, \ and F that express the given system of linear equations as a single
matrix equation E\ F .
%B" \$B\$ B%
&B" B# )B%
#B" &B# *B\$ B%
\$B# B\$ (B%

"
\$
!
#

! % \$ "
B"
"
" )
! &
B
\$
(a) E
\ #F
# & * "
B\$
!
! \$ " (
B%
#
% ! \$ " "
B"
!
&
"
!
)
\$
B

!
(b) E
\ #F
# & * " !
B\$
!
! \$ " ( #
B%
!
% ! \$ " "
B"
"
! ) \$
& "
B#
\$
(c) E
\ F
# & * " !
B\$
!
! \$ " ( #
B%
#
% ! \$ "
B"
"
! )
& "
B
\$
(d) E
\ #F
# & * "
B\$
!
! \$ " (
B%
#
! % \$ " "
B"
!
" ) \$
! &
B
!
(e) E
\ #F
# & * " !
B\$
!
! \$ " ( #
B%
!

## 2. Consider the matrices

\$ !
"
E " # , G
\$
" "

%
"

' " \$
#
I " " #
&
% " \$

Compute G X EX #I X , if possible.
"& ( "!
"&
*
(a) "! !
(b) "%
"% "! "\$
"#
"& "! "%
(e) ( ! "!
"! * "\$

\$
!
"#

"#
"&
(
(c) undefined (d) \$

"#
"\$

"%
!
(

"#
"#
"\$

## 3. Solve the following system of equations

#B" B# B\$ B% #B& "
\$B" \$B# #B\$ \$B& !
#B" B# B\$ B% "
(b) B" \$ #= %> (c) B" \$ #= )>
B# " #>
B# =
B\$ & \$= >
B\$ ' \$= "&>
B% =
B% " #= "#>
B& >
B& >
\$ #= )>
(e) B" " = %>
" >
B# " \$= >
' \$= "&>
B\$ =
=
B% #= '>
>
B& >

(a) no solution

(d) B"
B#
B\$
B%
B&

4. Use determinants to find all of the possible real values of + which make the following matrix
not invertible.
"
+
"
E + " +
+ " #
(a) # and "

(b) "

(c) "

(d) #

(e) !

5. Find conditions on +, , , and - such that the system has infinitely many solutions
-B \$C #D )
BD #
\$B \$C +D ,
(a) + - & !
(b) + - ! and , #- # &
(c) + - & ! and , #- # !
(d) + - ! and , #- # &
(e) + - & ! and , #- # !
\$
6. Find the diagonal entries of the inverse of "
"
&
(a)
#

#&

#

&

(b) #&

#&
(b)
%

#
&

(b)
%

#&
#&

#
&

" #
" \$ .
# %

&
(c)
%

#&

#
&

%
#&

#&

#&

E

"
!

#
\$

## Note that E can be reduced to M using the following row operations:

(i) r# > "\$ r#
(ii) r" > r" #r#
Using the above two row operations in the above order, find elementary matrices I" and I#
such that E I"" I#" .
" !
"
(a) I"
I
! "\$ # !
" !
"
(c) I"
I#

! \$
!
" !
"
(e) I"
I
! "\$ # !

" !
#
" #
(b) I"
I#

"
! "
! "\$
" !
#
" #
(d) I"
I#

"
! "
! "\$
#
"

8. Suppose that E and F are symmetric matrices. Which of the following matrices are always
symmetric?
(i) E" (ii) EF (iii) EF FE
(a) (i) only (b) (i) and (ii) only
(e) none of them

## 9. If E\$ !, which of the following is equal to M E" ?

(a) M E

(b) M E E#

(c) M E

(d) M E E#

(e) M E E#

10. A matrix E is skew-symmetric if EX E. Suppose that E and F are both skewsymmetric. Which of the following matrices are always skew-symmetric?
(i) E F (ii) EF (iii) 5E
(a) (i) only
(b) (i) and (iii) only
(c) (iii) only
(d) (i), (ii), and (iii)
(e) (ii) only

## 11. Consider the following statements,

(i) E F# F E# for all 8 8 matrices E and F .
(ii) detE F X detEX F
(iii) If EF ! then E ! or F !.
Which of the above statements are always true?
(a) (i) only
(b) (i) and (ii) only
(c) (i) and (iii) only
(d) (ii) and (iii) only
(e) all of them
" # % "
% ! " #
12. Let E
. Given that det E % use the adjoint to find the entry in
\$ \$ (
!
\$ & ' %
row 1 column 2 of E" .
(a)

*
%

(b) *%

#

(e) *

## 13. A square matrix T is called idempotent if T # T . If T is idempotent, which of the

following matrices are also idempotent?
(i) MT (ii) M T (iii) M #T
(a) (i) only
(b) (i) and (ii)
(c) (i) and (iii)
(d) (ii) only
(e) (i), (ii), and (iii)
14. If E is \$ \$ and det E #, find detE" % adj E.
(a) \$'% (b)

(#*
#

## (c) \$'& (d) (#* (e)

\$'&
#

+ , -
15. Let E : ; < and assume that det E #. Compute det#F " where
? @ A
%? #+ :
F %@ #, ; .
%A #- <
(a) " (b) "#

## 16. Let E and F be 8 8 matrices. Consider the following statements.

(i) detEF detFE
(ii) detE F det E det F
(iii) detE detE
Which of the above statements are always true?
(a) (i) only
(b) (i) and (ii) only
(c) (i) and (iii) only
(d) (i), (ii), and (iii)
(e) (iii) only

!
17. Given that the matrix E "
"
corresponding eigenvector(s).
"
"
(a) " and !
!
"
"
"
(e) " and "
"
!

"
!
"

"
" has - " as one of its eigenvalues, find the
!

"
"
(b) " and !
!
"

"
(c) "
"

" ! !
" ! !
"
(a) ! " #
(b) ! " #
(c) !
! " "
! " "
!
!
!
!
"
" !
(d) " " #
(e) ! " #
!
" "
"
"
"

!
!
!

!
"
"

!
(d) "
"

! !
\$ #
" !
!
#
"

## 19. Consider the following statements.

(i) If T " ET is diagonal, and T " FT is diagonal, then EF diagonalizable.
(ii) If E is diagonalizable then detE -" -# -8 , where -" -# -8 are the (not
necessarily distinct) eigenvalues of E.
(iii) If E is diagonalizable then E must be invertible.
Which of the above statements are always true?
(a) (ii) only
(b) (ii) and (iii) only
(c) all of them
(d) (i) and (iii) only
(e) (i) and (ii) only

20. In Matlab, suppose that we have defined a vector x, and we want to square every component
of the vector x. Which command could accomplish this?
(a) >>x^2 (b) >>square(x) (c) >>x[1]^2,x[2]^2,...,x[n]^2
(d) >>x.^2 (d) >>for i = 1 to size(x) x[i] = x[i]^2 endfor

21. Correctly fill out the bubbles corresponding to your student number and the version number
of your test in the correct places on the computer card. (Use the below computer card for
this sample test.)

## Answers for 1st Sample Test #1

1. d 2. c 3. e 4. a 5. b 6. b 7. b 8. b 9. e 10. d
11. b 12. c 13. b 14. b 15. d 16. a 17. b 18. e 19. a 20. b
21.

NOTE: On the sample tests, a version number is not given. On the actual tests, it will say
"Version X" at the top, where X is the version number that you will have to fill in on the
computer card. The sample answer above assumes that the test says "Version 3" at the top.
On the actual test you will have to fill in the bubble corresponding to the version number of
YOUR test (which may or may not be Version 3). The sample above also assumes that your
student number is 8816132. On the actual test, you will have to fill in the bubbles
corresponding to YOUR student number (not 8816132).

## Answers for 2nd Sample Test #1

1. d 2. b 3. d 4. a 5. c 6. a 7. a 8. a 9. b 10. b
11. b 12. a 13. a 14. b 15. b 16. a 17. a 18. c 19. e 20. d
21. see the answer to #21 on the first sample test above.