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COMBINATIONS 12 points

Combinations of n Objects Taken r at a Time order


doesnt matter.
C( n ,r )=

n!
r ! ( nr ) !

1. A person going to a party was asked to bring 3 different bags of chips. Going to the store, she finds
18 varieties. How many different selections can she make?

816 combinations
2. How many different 2 card hands can be dealt from a deck of 52 cards?

1,326 hands can be dealt


3. A pizza parlor offers a choice of 16 different toppings. How many 4-topping pizzas are possible?

1,820 4-topping pizzas


4.

A school dance committee is to consist of 2 freshmen, 3 sophomores, 4 juniors, and 5 seniors. If 7


freshmen, 7 sophomores, 7 juniors, and 8 seniors are eligible to be on the committee, in how many
ways can the committee be chosen?
7C2 * 7C3 * 7C4 * 8C5 = (7!/ 5! 2!)(7!/ 4! 3!)(7!/ 4! 3!)(8!/ 5! 3!)
= 21* 35*35*56
= 1440600

5. A pizza parlor offers a choice of 12 different toppings. How many 5-topping pizzas are possible? (no
double-orders of toppings are allowed)

792 5-topping pizzas


6. A pizza parlor offers a choice of 14 different toppings. How many pizzas are possible with 2
different toppings?

91-2-topping pizzas
Probability and Roulette - 12 Points

Roulette originates in France over hundreds years ago. Its fun and easy to
play. The roulette wheel is marked with numbers 1-36 and the symbols 0 and
00. The numbers are alternately colored red and black and the 0 and 00
are green. Color and number combinations offer a variety of betting options.
Wagers can be placed on individual numbers or groups of numbers.
While bets are being placed, the dealer spins the roulette ball in the opposite
direction of the spinning wheel. Bets may be placed until the dealer announces
no more bets as the ball begins to drop. When the ball falls into a number on

the roulette wheel, the dealer places a marker on the winning number on the
table layout and pays the winning bets.
Write your answer as a fraction AND as a percentage.
#1

You can place a bet that the ball will stop in a black slot. If you win, the casino will
pay you $1 for each 1 you bet. What is the probability of winning this bet?
( It wont be half , it would be 18/38)

#2

You can bet that the ball will land on an odd number. If you win, the casino will pay
you $1 for each dollar you bet. What is the probability of winning this bet?
1/18 ( It would be again 18/38)

#3

You can bet that the ball will land on any number from 1-12. If you win, the casino
will pay $2 for each dollar you bet. What is the probability of winning this bet?
12/38

#4

You can bet that the ball will land on any particular number. If you win, the casino
will pay $35 for each dollar you bet. What is the probability of winning this bet?
1/38

#5

You can bet that the ball will land on one of 0 or 00. If you win, the casino will pay
$17 for each dollar you bet. What is the probability of winning this bet?
2/38

#6

You can bet that the ball will land on certain groups of six numbers (such as 1-6). If
you win, the casino will pay $5 for each dollar you bet. What is the probability of
winning this bet?
6/38