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LAB#1(b) INTRODUCTION TO UTM AND TRAPEZIUM2 SOFTWARE

Universal testing machine

A universal testing machine is also known as a universal tester, materials testing machine or
materials test frame.
It is used to perform the following operations:

Tensile stress
Compressive stress
Bending
shear

It is named after the fact that it can perform many standard tensile and compression tests on
materials, components, and structures.
THEORY:
These types of machines are mainly designed for tension, compression, bending and shearing test
of metal materials. This machine is also used for compression and bending test of nonmetal
materials, such as cement, concrete and so on. Equipped with special auxiliaries, it can be used
for mechanical property testing of fastener, wire rope and components. They are perfect testing
instrument for project quality testing section, universities and colleges, research institution and
industrial and mining enterprise.
1. Host machine consults foreign technique. It has compact structure and a rational layout,
significantly reduces the overall height comparing the oil cylinder overhead. The machine owns
hydraulic pressure sensor, which is with strong impact and long life. Adjust the test space by
turbine structure of mobile beam does not need to rotate of screw when adjusting test space
compacting the transmitting of chain. It makes complete separation between transmitting and
positioning system, ensures the up and down jaws coaxial and the mainframe durable. Unique
structure of screw gap eliminating can guarantee the continuity of the load test.
2. Independent hydraulic clamping structure can guarantee the reliability of the system; it will
not hurt person for falling and ensure the safety of test personnel.
3. Limit mechanical and electrical protection system which is durable protection, can ensure the
security of using.
4. Test data uses Access database management, which is powerful and convenient.
5. Reserved data interface can connect with the network directly and share resources

Components: It consists of the following main units:


1. Main unit: It is the central part of the UTM machine and consist of the following subparts;
Fixed side load frame, which is used for the support of the load and consist of grip jaws
having range of 12-50mm length, lower cross head, Bed and drive screw.
Moving side load frame; which is used for moving actions during performing the tensile
stress, compression, and bending on it? It consists of table, upper cross head, and
columns.
Elevation motor; which is used for moving up and down the moving side load frame and
operating other parts of UTM.
Bending table; this is used for bending operations on UTM.
2. Measuring controller: It consists of LCD and Hydraulic Load Unit.
LCD: It is used for examining the UTM, feeding data, getting information and
controlling it at regular intervals.
Hydraulic Load Unit: It consists of tank and pressure control which works for the
supplying of power for the UTM during applying the pressure on a work piece.
3. PC and Printer: PC is used as alternative source for the LCD in order to control the UTM
in a better and convenient way as compared to it. Data is feed in a convenient way and can
be monitored also from your personal PC having installed software of UTM in it. Printer is
also used in order to take the print of data and graphs the machine when required.

4. TRAPEZIUM2 Software: The TRAPEZIUM2 software allows various testing operations


from simple test control to complicated control patterns created by the user. With its visual
wizard settings and the industry's first operation navigation system, data obtained from the
test can be processed based on various standards. Flexible operations such as re-testing and
re-analysis, as well as many advanced functions, such as network transmission of
measurement data and screen customization, intelligently navigate various strength tests.
5. Cross head: A movable cross head is controlled to move up or down. Usually this is at a
constant speed: sometimes called a constant rate of extension (CRE) machine. Some
machines can program the crosshead speed or conduct cyclical testing, testing at constant
force, testing at constant deformation, etc. Electromechanical, servo-hydraulic, linear drive
and resonance drive are used.
6. Output device: A means of providing the test result is needed. Some older machines have
dial or digital displays and chart recorders. Many newer machines have a computer
interface for analysis and printing.
7. Conditioner: Many tests require controlled conditioning (temperature, humidity, pressure,
etc). The machine can be in a controlled room or a special environmental chamber can be
placed around the test specimen for the test.

Uses:
The gauge length is that length which is under study or observation when the experiment on the
specimen is performed. The gauge length of a specimen bears a constant standardized ratio to the
cross-sectional dimension for certain reasons.
The specimen is placed in the machine between the grips and an extensometer if required can
automatically record the change in gauge length during the test. If an extensometer is not fitted,
the machine itself can record the displacement between its cross heads on which the specimen is
held. However, this method not only records the change in length of the specimen but also all
other extending / elastic components of the testing machine and its drive systems including any
slipping of the specimen in the grips.