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28/05/2015

Humidity and Moisture

Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University 2015

Humidity
Moisture measurement are important in the process industry
because moisture can affect products, poison reactions, damage
equipment, cause explosions, etc.
There are two methods of moisture measurement:
Absolute measurement method

Provide primary output which can be directly calibrated in terms of dew


point temperature, molar concentration or mass concentration.

Relative humidity method

Provide primary output which can be directly calibrated in terms of


humidity and saturation of moisture.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University 2015

28/05/2015

Moisture Measurement
Moisture measurement are important in the process industry
because moisture can affect products, poison reactions, damage
equipment, cause explosions, etc.
There are two methods of moisture measurement:
Absolute measurement method

Provide primary output which can be directly calibrated in terms of dew


point temperature, molar concentration or mass concentration.

Relative humidity method

Provide primary output which can be directly calibrated in terms of


humidity and saturation of moisture.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University 2015

Moisture Measurement
Moisture measurement are important in the process industry
because moisture can affect products, poison reactions, damage
equipment, cause explosions, etc.
There are two methods of moisture measurement:
Absolute measurement method

Provide primary output which can be directly calibrated in terms of dew


point temperature, molar concentration or mass concentration.

Relative humidity method

Provide primary output which can be directly calibrated in terms of


humidity and saturation of moisture.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University 2015

28/05/2015

Methods of Moisture Measurement


Capacitance Method

Utilizes a high dielectric constant of water for its in solution.


The amount of current that flows through the capacitor plate is
proportional to the amount of moisture present.

Oxides Sensors

Aluminium oxide (phosphorus pentoxide) can be used as sensor for


moisture analysis.
The electrical conductivity of between gold and aluminium
(phosphorus) determines the amount of water in ppm.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University 2015

Dew Point

For many applications, dew point is the desired moisture


measurement.
When concentration is desired, the relation between water content
and dew point is well known and available.

Photometric method

Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University 2015