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Use the infinitive after:


Some verbs ( want, need, would like, etc.) Ex.: I want to go to the party.
Adjectives. Ex.: It isnt easy to find a job.
To say why you do something. Ex.: I came to this school to learn English.
Use the ing form
As the subject of a sentence. Ex.: Smoking is bad for you.
After some verbs, (finish, practice, enjoy, etc.) Ex.: I enjoy reading in bed.
After preposition. Ex.: He left without saying goodbye.

VERBS FOLLOWED BY
INFINITIVE ONLY
Agree
Choose
Decide
Hope
Learn
decide
Need
pretend

Plan
Prepare
Seem
Want
Would like
forget
offer
promise

VERBS FOLLOWED BY
GERUND ONLY
Appreciate Feel like
Avoid
Finish
Cant help Imagine
Dislike
keep
Enjoy
Suggest
(dont) mind
keep on
Practice
spend time

VERBS FOLLOWED BY
GERUND OR
INFINITIVE
Cant stand
Prefer
Continue
Start
Like
Try
Love
remember
Help
hate
Start
stop

A. Complete with an infinitive. Use the verbs from the list below.
do
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

not drive

go

learn
meet

leave

not make

Im planning to take a vacation next month.


A: Hi, Im Su-jin. B: Im Renata. Nice ___________ you.
What do you want _____________ this evening?
I need ______________ to the bank. I dont have any money.
Try ____________ noise. Your fathers asleep.
Id really like _______________ a new language.
Be careful ________________ too fast on the way home.
Shes decided _________________ her husband.

B. Complete the sentences with a verb in the ing form.


be
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

do

go

learn

remember
teach

study

talk

I dont enjoy doing housework.


My mother is very bad at _______________________ names.
_______________ teenagers is really hard work.
You cant sing well without _____________________ to breathe properly.
My sister spends hours on the phone _________________ to her boyfriend.
I hate __________________ the first to arrive at parties.
____________________ by train is cheaper than by plane.
Ill keep on ______________________ until dinner time.

C. Put the verbs in the ing form or infinitive.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)

I feel like listening to a CD. (listen)


_______________ yoga is good for your health. ( do)
We decided ________________ to the party. (not go)
We wont take the car. Its impossible ____________________. ( park)
Im not very good at ___________________ maps. (read)
You can borrow the car if you promise _______________________ slowly. (drive)
Have you finished ____________________ your homework? (do)
I dont mind _____________ but I dislike __________ the dishes. (cook, do)
Do you mind _________________ so loudly? ( not talk)
She tried __________________ the man, but she was driving too fast. (not hit)

D. Notice the use of gerund of the infinitive in each sentence. Check () the
sentences that are correct and correct the wrong ones.

a) I learnt to speak Spanish when I was four


b) I avoid to use cell phones in public places.
c) I like playing sports.
( )
d) I appreciated to receive such a beautiful gift
e) I agreed turning off the ringer on my phone.
f) I prefer to leave now.
( )

( )
( )
( )
( )

How do you feel about these activities? Use the verbs in the box with the
phrases
in the parentheses

avoid
dislike
cant stand enjoy

hate
need
like
(not) mind want

a)( work on weekends) I need to work on weekends.


b)( talk on the phone) ________________________________________.
c)( get wrong numbers) ______________________________________.
d) (eat junk food) ___________________________________________.
e)( cook at home) ___________________________________________.
f)go to the beach) ___________________________________________.
g)( study) __________________________________________________.
h) (spend time outdoors) ______________________________________.
Show your sentences to a partner.
Compare your feelings about the different

activities.
A: I like to talk on the phone.
B: Really? Not me. I avoid talking on the phone.
Source: American English File 2 p. 134
Adapted and modified by Vanessa Tavares
August 2010.2