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SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN MALM. SWEDEN.

AUGUSTENBORG AND Bo01/WESTERN HARBOUR.


TOR FOSSUM. ENVIRONMENTAL DEPARTMENT. CITY OF MALM.

Sustainable urban
development in Malm,
Augustenborg and
Bo01/Western Harbour
Tor Fossum
Environment Department
City of Malm

Short facts on the city of Malm


Malm is the growth centre of the
region
285,000 inhabitants
Increasing population for the
seventeenth year in a row
24% of the citys inhabitants were born
abroad
164 nationalities are represented
Young inhabitants 40% are under 35
years of age
Developed from a manufacturing
town to a city of knowledge in 15
years

From manufacturing
town to city of
knowledge
Lost 30 000 jobs in the
space of 3 years late 1980s
Malm University
Research Institutes like the Interactive
Institute, IKED and Pronano
World Maritime University (UN)
resund University A collaboration
between 12 universities and colleges in the
region
Growth sectors: IT, digital media, bio- and
medical technology and the experience
economy
MEDEON and MINC Strategic
investments in innovational environments

Malm An attractive and


sustainable city

Sustainable urban development

District based developments


Working in partnerships
Dialogue
Implementation of complementing measures
Holistic approach

District-based projects
Ekostaden Augustenborg
Bo01 Western Harbour
Sege Park, Former
hospital area
Norra Sorgenfri
(brownfield)
Lindngen, housing area
from the 60s
Hyllie, new city district

Priority Urban development areas

Ekostaden Augustenborg
Revitalisation of existing
neighbourhood built in 1948
A total of 32 ha, 3 ha industrial
area, 1800 flats, 3000 residents
Partners: MKB Housing Corporation,
City of Malm

The project aims has been:


To raise the profile of the area through an
environmental urban renewal
Engaging stakeholders and residents in
the planning process
Main problems;
Segregation,
Unemployment,
Degeneration,
Low status, Low income
Traffic
Flooding of cellars.

Sustainability measures;
Open rainwater runoff system
Green outdoor environment
Reduction of waste
Sustainable building
Mobility issues
Renewable energy and energy
saving

The area had severe problems with


flooding after heavy rains, and also a
declining social status

Residents and
stakeholders participating
in the planning process

9 500 m2 green roofs erected in the


industrial area retain the rainwater, and
has become the Augustenborg Botanical
Roof Garden

The open
rainwater runoff
system has
solved the
flooding
problems

New house for the elderly

Facades restored to the original


expression

Sustainable buildings
added
School pavilion

13 new resource houses have been


built, where waste fractions for recycling
are collected and the organic waste is
composted

Children from the school


participating in the construction
of a resource house made of
straw and clay

Renewable energy

Mobility

Results
Improved image
The open rainwater runoff system has
solved the flooding problems, 70 % of the
runoff water retained.
Waste leaving the area reduced by 70 %
Housing for the elderly so that people can
stay in the area in the old age
New ice rink, requested by the citizens
Residents started a carpool by their own
initiative
Employment rate risen since 1997 from
35 % to 48 %
People moving within the area reduced
from 24 % to 10 %, all flats occupied

Vstra Hamnen
140 ha former industrial landfill
area will house 30.000 residents,
students and workplaces.
Development on a 20-year
perspective
The Bo01-area, the first step in
the development, 9 ha, 600
apartments started as a housing
expo in 2001

Bo01, City of Tomorrow,Western


Harbour

Demonstration project to show the City of


Tomorrow in the sustainable information and
well-fare society
A driving force for future sustainable
development in Malm
An international leading example of
sustainable urban development
High quality and ambitious environmental
standard

Environmental focus areas, Bo01


Land reclamation, soil
decontamination
Architecture and construction
Energy
Waste management and ecocycle
Biodiversity
Transport
IT for the environment

Quality Programme

A common ground for developers


Minimum level of quality
Ambitions and requirements
Consensus document

100 % locally renewable energy

Sun, wind and water


District heat pump
Annual energy balance
Minimised energy consumption
Campaign for take off award

Wind power
2,0 MW
Well known technology
Placed 3 km from Bo01
Connected to the
electricity grid
Cover the need for
electricity

Solar collectors

Heat pump and aquifers


Heat from sea water and
aquifers
Aquifer for seasonal
storage
Aquifer 70 m deep,
limestone
Heatpump connected to
district heating grid
District cooling during
summer

100 % locally renewable energy

Energy generation

Heat
Heat pump 85 %
Aquifer
3/4 aquifer
1/4 sea water
Solar collectors 12
Electricity
%
Organic residues 3
%
Heat
Electricity
Wind 99,9 %
Photovoltaics 0,1
%

Energy utilisation
85.000 m2
Refrigeration
Electricity
5 100 MWh
Heat
6 200 MWh
Bo 01

Photovoltaics

120 m2 photovoltaics
Produces 12 000 kWh annually
Connected to the electricity grid
Integrated in architecture

Waste management

Reduce usage of natural resources


Prioritisation of reuse and recycling
Optimised refuse collection
Separation of organic waste

Biodiversity
Green space factor
Green points
Local rainwater management in
open system
Habitats and new parks
Compensation habitat for birds
Area ecologist

Biodiversity in the dense city


Green Points
Bat boxes on the yard
Butterfly restaurant
Courtyard is built with naturalistic biotopes
Part of the courtyard left to grow by natural
succession

Habitats
semi-natural habitats created in the parks

Example Green Space Factor


vegetation,
open water

green roofs

0.8

green walls

0.7

semi-permeable 0.4
non-permeable

Houses and other


non-permeable areas
500m2

Open water and


planted areas
300m2
0.5x0=0
0.3x1=0.3
0.2x0.4=0.08
total 0.38

Semipermable
200m2

Traffic and transport


Infrastructure
Cycle network
Public transport
Parking and streets

Car pool and tank station


Information and mobility
management

Research and follow up


What can we learn from this project?

Plan for evaluation


19 research reports
Easy to read book of experiences for planners,
engineers, developers, etc
Inspiration for future development in Malm, nationally
and internationally
International conferences and study visits

Keys to success ?

Focus, in time and theme through European


Housing expo
Local partnerships; City, expo organisation,
developers, energy company, research
Local investment programme for sustainable
development
Quality Programme
Quality of design
The plan
Place making
The holistic approach

Flagghusen
650 new apartments
13 developers building 5 to 80 apartments

Flagghusen

3rd generation of sustainable building


Social-, economic- and environmental
sustainability
New planning process open dialogue with
developers
Mainstreaming sustainability
Focus on low cost rental apartments, 70/30

Flagghusen

Environmental focus areas


Energy efficiency
Moisture control
No harmful chemicals
Biodiversity Green quality

More information
www.malmo.se/sustainablecity
www.ekostaden.com
Benchmark study:

www.secureproject.org
(filed under sustainable
construction)
www.eco-guide.net/skane

www.good.se

Can be ordered from internet book shop: www.formas.se


Or direct Liber Distribution, formas.ldi@liber.se
ISBN 91-540-5949-6

Thank you for your attention


Contact:
tor.fossum@malmo.se