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Unit 13.

eManifest
I. Reading
Introduction on electronic manifest (eManifest)
eManifest is a term used to describe the advance, electronic conveyance of
freight information to customs officials prior to a shipment arriving at a border.
It is the solution to a problem that began when borders needed increased security
while minimizing delays, since eManifest expedites the customs clearance
process by allowing pertinent information about shipments to be assessed and
approved by customs officials in advance of any shipments physical arrival.
Customs Agents are able to process this information and make inspection
decisions in advance. Carriers will not have to wait at the border to have
paperwork inspected and to answer questions; the Customs Agent already has
this information. With the introduction and enforcement of eManifest, Customs
Agents can strengthen one countrys security. Moreover, eManifest also
modernizes and improves commercial border crossing processes. It also derives
from the Customs Administrations support for the wide implementation of the
World Customs Organization (WCO) framework of standards which aims to:
establish standards that provide supply chain security;
enable integrated supply chain management;
enhance the role, functions and capabilities of customs administrations;
strengthen cooperation between customs and administrations;
strengthen custom/business cooperation;
promote the seamless movement of goods through secure international
trade supply chains.
eManifest will eventually require all commercial import trade partners (motor
carriers, freight forwarders, logisticians and importers) in all modes of transportation
(air, marine, motor and rail) to electronically submit advance trade data to the
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Customs Agent for risk assessment purposes. Unprecedented cooperation


amongst all parties in the supply chain will be critical to ensuring that the correct
information gets to the correct location at the correct time to avoid delays
crossing the border. The entire concept behind eManifest is that by risk
assessing pre-arrival information, any health, safety and security threats related
to commercial shipments can be identified before the goods arrive in the
country. The Customs Agent can then focus resources on those people, goods
and conveyances posing the greatest risk to the security and prosperity of the
country.

As many other countries already use eManifest in their import and export
controls, the desired effect of introducing eManifest in the country is that a
harmonized system will facilitate and expedite the import and export process
between participating countries.

Advance Trade Data Requirements


In order to reduce the administrative burden on businesses, eManifest advance
trade data requirements will utilize existing Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
data sets, and have been harmonized to the extent possible with the World
Customs Organization and the Customs Agent.

Before Arrival of Goods at the Border


The Customs authority must receive a carriers electronic cargo and conveyance
data a minimum of one hour in advance of goods arriving at the border using
any of the following methods:
An existing EDI public network;
Third party service provider;
Customs internet gateway;
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Direct connect to the Customs Agent;


eManifest Portal, a secure, web-based reporting option developed by the
Customs Agent to facilitate compliance, particularly for smaller and
medium sized transportation businesses.
The advance information to be supplied by carriers prior to arrival at the border
comprises dual sets of very detailed information relating to the conveyance itself
on one hand, and the cargo on the other.
To illustrate, the graph below show the timeframes for submitting advance
information and the information required to be submitted prior to arrival in the
eManifest Border Process of Canada:

Source: Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA), 2010

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In addition, the following graph is an electronic vessel listing that indicates the
recorded vessel details submitted through eManifest system. It shows the name,
the report date, the vessel reference number of the vessel, status and other stored
information on the commodities on the vessel.

Source: Jamaica Customs Department, 2007

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New words
Conveyance (n)

[kn'veins]

vn chuyn

Pertinent (adj)

[p:tinnt]

thch ng

Enforcement (n)

[inf:smnt]

thi hnh lut

Derive (v)

[diraiv]

xut pht t, bt ngun


t

Implementation (n)

[,implimen'tein]

thc hin

Framework (n)

['freimw:k]

c cu, khun kh

Integrate (v)

['Intigreit]

hi nhp

[jutl,aiz]

s dng; tn dng

[ha:mnaiz]

lm hi ho, lm cn i,

Utilize

(v)

Harmonize (v)

lm ho hp
Compliance (n)

[km'plains]

tun theo (mt yu cu,


mt lnh...)

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II. Reading Comprehension


1. Comprehension questions
1. Why is eManifest the solution to a problem that began when borders
needed increased security while minimizing delays?
2. What is eManifest?
3. What does the phrase this information in the sixth line of the first
paragraph refer to?
4. What will eManifest eventually require all commercial import trade
partners in all modes of transportation to do?
5. What is the entire concept behind eManifest?
6. What is the desired effect of introducing eManifest in the country?
7. How does eManifest reduce the administrative burden on businesses?
8. What must Customs authority do before the arrival of goods at the border?
9. What does the advance information to be supplied by carriers prior to
arrival at the border comprise?
2. True/False questions: Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F)
1. eManifest can solve the security problem of borders while minimizing
delays.
2. Customs officials cannot approve and assess some pertinent information
about shipments in advance of any shipments physical arrival.
3. Carriers will have to wait for an hour at the border to have paperwork
inspected and to answer questions.
4. The desired effects of introducing eManifest in the country is that a
harmonized system will facilitate and expedite the import and export
process.
5. Third party service provider is not a method for carriers to supply the
advance information.
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III. Vocabulary
Term

Vietnamese meaning

eManifest

Bn lc khai hng ha in t

Delay minimizing

Gim thiu s chm tr


Truyn bn lc khai hng ha in t

Transmit manifest to the Customs

n c quan Hi quan

System validates permit and indicate the


decision on checking the documents

H thng ph chun giy php v a


ra quyt nh s kim tra h s hay
kim tra thc t hng ha
Thng tin ph hp v hng ha

Pertinent information about shipment

a ra quyt nh kim tra hng ha

Make inspection decisions in advance

trc khi hng ha n cng


Nhng yu cu v d liu thng mi

Advance trade data requirements

c gi n trc
Cng tip nhn thng tin v bn lc

eManifest Portal

khai hng ha in t
Ngy v gi phng tin vn ti d

Estimated date and time of arrival

kin n

Manifest summary report

Bo co tm tt v hng ha

Cargo control number

S hiu kim sot hng ha

Conveyance reference number

S hiu phng tin chuyn ch

Data warehouse

Kho d liu

Administrative burden

Gnh nng v th tc hnh chnh

CUSCAR (Customs Cargo Report

nh dng chun v Thng bo v

Message)

hng ha gi n c quan Hi quan


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Mng gi tr gia tng. y l mt dch


v lu tr c cung cp trn my ch,
hot ng nh mt trung gian gia cc

VAN (Value Added Network)

i tc kinh doanh, chia s cc chun


d liu hoc c quyn, thng
qua cc Qu trnh chia s kinh doanh.
Bn lc khai hng ha i vi hng

Inward Cargo Manifest

ha nhp khu
Bn lc khai hng ha i vi hng

Outward Cargo Manifest

ha xut khu
Bn lc khai hng ha vn chuyn
qu cnh qua cng chuyn n nc

In Transit Cargo Manifest

khc

IV. Writing
What is your opinion towards the application and implementation of eManifest
in customs procedure in Vietnam? (Write within 100 150 words).

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