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SURVEYOR

Under

Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS)

(One Year/Two Semesters)

Redesigned in

2014

By

Government of India

Ministry of Labour & Employment

Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGE&T)

GENERAL INFORMATION

: SURVEYOR

: 842.10, 842.15

5. Entry Qualification

6. Unit Strength

: 20

7. Space Norms

: 64 Sqm

8. Power Norms

: 3 KW (20000 lumen)

9. Job Role

using chain, compass, cross staff, plane

table, level, theodolite and other survey

instruments.

2. To perform construction survey using

modern survey instruments.

years post qualification experience

OR

Diploma/Degree in Civil Engg. with 2/1

Years post qualification experience

respectively.

Sl.

No.

1

Week

No.

1-3

4-5

3

4

5

6

6-11

12-15

16-21

22-26

Topic

Trade Theory

Trade Practical

Tools &equipments, scales,

Tools &equipments, scales,

Geometrical Construction

Geometrical Construction

Classification of Survey, Signs Classification of Survey, Signs

& symbols

& symbols

Chain Survey

Chain Survey

Compass Survey

Compass Survey

Plane table Survey

Plane table Survey

Project Work/Industrial Visit/Revision/Examination

Total

Duration

(Weeks)

3

2

6

4

6

5

26

First Semester (Semester Code : SUR-01)

Duration : Six Months

Week

No.

1

2

3

4-5

Trade Theory

Importance of safety, general safety

precautions-Introduction to Trade.

Uses of different instruments &

equipments used by Surveyor, their

types and uses. Lettering using

stencils.

Scales-different types, principles.

of Trade training, instruments &

equipments used, nature of job done by

Surveyors. Drawing different types of lines,

printing letters & figures.

Geometrical construction-lines,

angles, triangles, quadrilaterals and

circles.

Classification of survey. Accuracy and

speed in field & office work. Common

terms used and definitions.

Conventional signs and symbols. Use

of legends.

Linear measuring instruments, their

description & uses.

Types of chain.

angles triangles & quadrilaterals.

Instruments used & their description.

check lines-its importance.

survey traversing with chain,

procedure in plotting.

Care & maintenance of chain &

accessories. Types of obstacles in

chaining and methods of overcoming

them.

10

11

Trade Practical

remedies, problems in chain survey,

degree of accuracy required

procedure of inking & coloring.

survey. Topography and building drawing.

Map reading practice, contours, drainage.

folding chain, errors & adjustments of

chains, alignment, chaining lines,

measurement of distances and booking.

Practice in chaining, taking offset, use of

optical square and cross staff. Setting out

right angles and booking. Testing of chain,

tape, optical square & cross staff.

Procedure in conducting chain survey.

Chain survey of small plots by

triangulation, booking & plotting.

Chain survey of built up plots, locating

details, booking & plotting.

Taking horizontal measurements on sloping

ground, overcoming obstacles, measuring

distance between two points invisible from

each other.

Chain survey of an extensive area, locating

details, plotting, finishing in ink & coloring.

12

13

14

15

16-17

18-19

20

21

22-26

types of compass, description,

constructional features & uses of

compasses, their adjustmentsMeasurement of directions.

Technical terms used in compass

survey, difference between angles &

bearings, magnetic & true meridians,

declination and its variations, local

attraction, its detection &

elimination.

Locating details by bearings, compass

survey methods, traversing methods,

methods of determining true

meridians & declination, methods of

plotting closed compass traverseadjustment of closing errors, limits of

precision required, field book entries.

Relaying of old service errors in

compass survey. Testing &

adjustment of compass.

Plane table survey-merits & demerits,

equipments used, methods of plane

tabling.

Errors in plane tabling & their

elimination-other instruments used

in combination with plane table, their

construction & uses.

Tangent clinometers, Delisle`s

clinometers & telescopic alidade.

Survey maps-care & maintenance of

plane table accessories, procedure of

plane tabling.

field by chain traverse, method of finding

height of inaccessible objects.

its accuracy-taking bearings & calculating

angles.

and establishing lines of given bearings,

laying out rectilinear & polygonal plots of

ground using compass & tape.

fields and plotting the same.

Setting up of plane table, leveling,

centering & orientation. Surveying an area

with plane table by radiation & intersection

methods.

Traversing with plane table of built up

areas, running an open traverse with plane

table & fixing details.

table maps done in previous weeks.

Practice in finding the position of table by

three point & two point problems. Use of

tangent & Disles clinometers-Abney level

and telescopic alidade for finding heights

of surrounding points.

Project work/Industrial visit (optional)/Revision/Preparatory test & Examination.

First Semester (Semester Code : SUR-01)

Duration : Six Months

Week No.

1

2

3-5

6-8

9-10

11-12

13-15

16

17-18

19

20-21

22-26

Addition & subtraction of decimal numbers and fractions.

Multiplication & division of decimal numbers and fractions. Conversion

of decimals into fractions and vice versa.

Algebra-fundamental formulae, multiplication and factorization.

Simple equations & simultaneous equations.

Simple theory of indices.

Surds

Quadratic equations & applications.

Linear graph, Use of Logarithm tables

Properties of plane geometrical figures-triangles, rectangles &

quadrilaterals.

Properties of regular polygons, circles & parallelograms.

Determination of sides & areas of triangles, quadrilaterals & polygons.

Revision & Examination.

Sl.

No.

1

2

2

3

4

5

6

7

Week

No.

1-4

5-6

7-11

12

13-14

15

16

17-18

19-22

23-26

Topic

Trade Theory

Levelling

Contouring

Theodolite Survey

Curves

Road project

Tacheometry & Triangulation

Digital Theodolite

Total Station, GPS and

Photogrammetry

CAD , Estimation,Irrigation

Trade Practical

Level Survey

Contouring

Theodolite survey

Curves

Road project

Tacheometry

Digital Theodolite

Total Station and GPS

and Estimation

Project Work/Industrial Visit/Revision/Examination

Total

Duration

(Weeks)

4

2

5

1

2

1

1

2

4

4

26

Second Semester (Semester Code : SUR-02)

Duration : Six Months

Week

Trade Theory

No.

1

Leveling-parts, types- Dumpy level &

Auto level, types of staff, technical

terms used in levelling, permanent

adjustment of leveling instruments.

2-4

reduction of levels, types of field book,

Working out problems on reduction,

various methods of leveling namely

simple levelling, differential levelling,

reciprocal levelling, fly levelling, check

levelling, longitudinal sectioning, cross

sectioning etc. Plotting of sections and

working profiles, establishment of

gradient, effects of Earths curvature &

refraction in levelling, common errors

and their elimination, degree of

accuracy.

5-6

of contour interval-characteristics of

contours-uses of contours- contouring

by various methods- interpolation of

contours by various methods- drawing

of contours-computation of volumePrismoidal formula & trapezoidal

formula . Construction and use of

boning rods. Establishment of gradient

using Ceylon ghat Tracer, Delisles

Clinometer & Abney level.

Introduction to theodolite, types of

theodolites, parts of theodolite, terms

used in theodolite surveying,

temporary adjustments of theodolite,

reading of verniers, booking readings,

permanent adjustments of theodolite.

Trade Practical

Practice in setting up a level &

performing temporary

adjustments-practice in reading

staff, practice of permanent

adjustment of dumpy & auto

levels.

Practicing simple levelling,

differential levelling, reciprocal

levelling ,fly levelling , longitudinal

sectioning, cross sectioning and

check leveling. Reduction of levels,

preparation of sections and

working profiles. Setting out

gradients.

indirect methods- interpolation of

contours- contour gradientpreparation of sections from

contour map- computation of

volume- by prismoidal formula,

trapezoidal formula. Establishment

of gradient using abney level,

Ceylon ghat tracer and by using

boning rod and sight rail.

Practice to set up the theodolite

and to read the verniers, booking.

Performing the permanent

adjustments of theodolite.

repetition method, reiteration method

setting out angles by repetition

method, measurement of vertical

angle, measurement of deflection

angle, measurements of bearings,

prolongation of lines and locating the

intersection points of directions.

Traversing using theodolite ( closed

and open), traverse computation

determination of consecutive coordinates, independent co-ordinates,

checks for traverse, balancing of

traverse, closing error, preparation of

Gale`s table , computation of area

using co-ordinates, omitted

measurements.

by various methods, setting out

angles, measurement of vertical

angle, deflection angle and

prolongation of lines by various

methods.

12

of elements of simple curve- various

method for setting out simple curves.

Simple curve-computation of

elements of simple curve- set out

of simple curves by linear and

angular methods.

13-14

road- Points to be considered during

reconnaissance, preliminary and final

location survey. Classification of roads

and terms used in road engineering.

Alignments of roads- relative

importance of length of road, height of

embankment and depth of cuttingroad gradients- foundation, drainage,

camber, super elevation, road surfaces

such as earth road, water bound

macadam and concrete pavements.

Introduction to tacheometryadvantages and disadvantagesconstants of tacheometer and its

determination- various method of

tacheometry- determination of

horizontal and vertical distances by

various methods.

Technical terms in connection with

simple triangulation-base line

measurements& its correction.

Road project-reconnaissance,

preliminary & final location survey

including preparation of route

map, traversing, levelling,

preparation of sections,

computation of earth work and

other materials for laying the road.

9-11

15

theodolite and steel tapemeasurement of horizontal angles,

bearings of lines- computation of

co-ordinates from the bearing,

angle and length. Preparation of

Gales traverse table, plotting of

traverse by co-ordinates,

computation of area using coordinates. Omitted measurements.

vertical distance by tacheometric

method. Enlargement and

reduction of plans and maps using

pentagraph and proportionate

compass.

16

theodolite-study of parts-adjustmentsmeasurement of angles by various

methods- traversing using digital

theodolite ( closed and open).

Setting up of digital

theodolite. Measurement of

horizontal and vertical anglestraversing using digital theodolite.

17-18

equipments- study of the parts of Total

station- temporary adjustmentsmeasurements of angle and coordinates- setting out of angles and

lines . Traverse survey of closed and

open fields-determination of enclosed

areas using total station.

Introduction to GPS and its usesadjustments- determination of coordinates.

Photogrammetry- terms terrestrial

and aerial photogrammetry.

Introduction to computer aided

drafting-advantages- working with

CAD-setting limits-drawing lines-using

grid and snap- saving work- drawing

simple shapes- Exit and quit

commands. Editing, adding dimension

and text. Editing drawing using various

MODIFY commands. Developing simple

buildings with CAD.

Preparation of estimates for simple

buildings. Glossary of terms of building

construction, building materials and

irrigation.

Station. Measurements of anglesmeasurements of co-ordinatesdetermination of height.

Determination of area

Traversing (open and closed )

using total station

Determination of the co-ordinates

of the points using GPS.

19-22

23-26

commands such as DRAW

MODIFY etc. Adding dimensions

and text, Development of 2D

drawings. Preparation of drawings

and estimates of simple buildings.

Examination

Second Semester (Semester Code : SUR-02)

Duration : Six Months

Week

No.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9-10

11

12

13

14

15

16-17

18

19

20

21-26

Determination of areas of circles, sectors and segments.

Simpsons Rule.

Units of length, area & volume and their conversion.

Surface area and volume of cubes and cuboids.

Surface area and volume of spheres and cylinders.

Surface area and volume of prisms and cones. Prismoidal formula.

Units of force and weight. Equation of motion.

Magnet and magnetism. Laws of magnetic attraction & repulsion.

Magnetic substance-Permanent magnet.

Revision.

Introduction to Trigonometry. Basic ratios such as sin , cos , tan and

their reciprocals.

Solution of simple triangles.

Use of mathematical tables.

Problems on heights & distances.

Elementary theory of light.

Properties of mirrors and lenses. Laws of reflection & refraction.

Description & use of optical instruments such as telescope, sextant, etc.

Load, elongation, stress and strain, hooks law.

Modulus of elasticity, elastic limit and yield point.

Ultimate stress and breaking stress. Problems.

Revision & Examination

List of Tools & Equipments for the trade of Surveyor under CTS

A. Trainees Kit for 20 Trainees and One Instructor

Sl. No.

Description

Quantity

1

Engineering Instrument Box

21

2

Protractor 15 cm full circular

21

3

Card board/ plastic metric scale set- A to H

21

4

Diagonal scale, electroplated

10

5

Celluloid set square 45 & 60

21 each

6

T square 1250 mm/ Mini drafter

21

7

Erasing shield small size

21

8

Architects & builders template

10

9

Chisel- steel 80 mm blade

10

10

French curve- set of 12

10

B. General Outfit

Sl. No.

Description

Quantity

1

Abney level

1

2

Ammonia printing machine with box

1

3

Box sextant

2

4

Boning rod

1 set

5

Binocular

4

6

Chalk board/White board

1

7

Cupboard (Big)

4

8

Ceylon ghat tracer with stand & target

2

9

Scientific calculator

21

10

Computing scales two hectares

4

11

Computing scales five hectares

4

12

Wooden cross staff- box type

2

13

Wooden cross staff- open type

2

14

Drawing Board 1250mmx900mm with stand

21

15

Engineers chain

2

16

Engineers level

6

17

Dumpy level

6

18

Auto level

5

19

Tilting level

1

20

Fire extinguisher

1

21

Gunters chain

2

22

Hand press for numbering & lettering

2

23

Canvas bag

8

24

Height indicators

8

25

Hold all canvas for instruments

8

26

Hones in case

1

27

Instructors chair

1

28

Instructors table

1

29

Tracing board with lamp

2

30

Leveling staff - telescopic type

10

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

Magnifying glass

Magnet bar (for magnetizing through compass needles)

Plastic tubes for keeping drawings

Pen knife

Pentograph

Prismatic compass

Planimeter (digital)

Proportionate compass

Plane table with stand , accessories & water proofing

cover

Telescopic alidade

Indian pattern clinometers

Ranging rod 4 m

Offset rod

Optical square

Railway curves-Set of 50 in a box

Steel almirah (Big)

Stool

Survey plotting scale-8 scales with offset scale in box

Stencil set

Substance bar

Metallic tape 30 m

Metallic tape 20 m

Steel tape 30 m

Steel band 30 m & 20 m

Surveyors umbrella

Theodolite transit

Digital Theodolite

Rules ebonite plain for drawing lines

Wooden set square, T square & Compass in a box (for

chalk board)

Computer & software

Total station Leica

Hand GPS-latest version

A3 size Printer-colour

Computer table

Computer chair

Printer table

UPS-5KVA

5 each

2

2

21

5

2

5

2

21

8

8

8

40

5

5

4

4

21

21 sets

5

2

10

10

10

2 each

6

5

2

21

1

5 sets

2

2

1

5

5

1

1

Sl. No.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

Drawing sheet-A1 size

Field book as required for the survey work

Tracing paper roll

Drawing pencil-HB, 2H, H, etc.

Eraser

Adhesive tape

Drawing pen/ Rotring pen

Drawing ink

Color pencil

Ammonia paper roll

Ammonia liquid

Machine-made drawing paper

Xerox paper A3 & A4 size

Same as for other Similar Engineering Trades.

After successful completion of CTS Course in the trade of Surveyor, the trainees

have the option to continue their further studies by joining the CITS Course in the

same trade, which is of two semesters duration.

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