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REPORT ON GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION FOR

PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION OF MAJOR BRIDGE AT


KM. 79.600
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850
PILERU TO RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF
ANDHRA PRADESH

CLIENT:

M/s. RUKY PROJECTS PVT. LTD.


#205, 2nd Floor, Hemadurga Plaza, Above ICICI Bank,
Allwyn Colony, Hyderabad -500049

AUGUST - 2015

Geotechnical Consultant

M/s. AVANI ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY PVT. LTD.


# 5-70, 1st Floor, Near Andhra Bank, Street No. 8, Habsiguda, Hyderabad 500007.
e-mail : avani.ecpl@gmail.com

Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

INDEX
1.

INTRODUCTION

2.

SCOPE OF WORK

3.

FIELD AND LABORATORY TEST DETAILS

3.1

FIELD TEST

3.2

LABORATORY TESTS

4.

SUB-SURFACE PROFILE

5.

SILT FACTR AND SCOUR DEPTH COMPUTATIONS

6.

FOUNDATION SYSTEM

7.

SHALLOW FOUNDATION

8.

RECOMMENDATION

10

APPENDIX
APPENDIX-I: LOCATION PLAN

11

APPENDIX-II: BORELOGS

13

APPENDIX-III: LABORATORY TEST RESULTS

30

APPENDIX-IV: SUB-SURFACE PROFILE

36

APPENDIX-V: COMPUTATIONS

39

Page 1

Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

1.

INTRODUCTION
M/s. Ruky Projects Pvt.Ltd. Hyderabad has entrusted the work of carrying out Rehabilitation
and Upgradation of NH-18 from 57/000 to 108/850 Pileru to Rayachoti Section to two lane with
Paved Shoulder in the State of Andhra Pradesh M/s. Avani Engineering Consultancy Pvt. Ltd,

Hyderabad.
This report deals with proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600.

2.

SCOPE OF WORK
The Scope of work includes the following

Drilling of 8 No. boreholes at the proposed location as per the direction of the client.

Collection of soil samples and carrying out the relevant laboratory tests on soils and
rocks.

Conducting Standard Penetration test (SPT) within the borehole at every 1.5m depth
interval or as required.

Preparation of Geotechnical investigation Report.

3.

FIELD AND LABORATORY TEST DETAILS

3.1

FIELD TEST

3.1.1

Boreholes
The fieldwork includes boring /drilling of 8 Nos of boreholes in soil / rock. The details of 8 No.
boreholes with respective depth of investigation are given in the table below.
List of Boreholes with Depth of Investigation

Sl. No.

Borehole
No.

Location

Depth of
Investigation (m)

BH-1

Abutment-A1

7.5

BH-2

Pier-P1

5.0

BH-3

Pier-P2

5.7

BH-4

Pier-P3

5.0

BH-5

Pier-P4

5.1

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Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

BH-6

Pier-P5

4.9

BH-7

Pier-P6

4.4

BH-8

Abutment-A2

4.9

The locations of boreholes are indicated in the layout plan and the same is given in
Appendix-I.
The details of boring / drilling with soil profile, reduced level, SPT-N values along with
sampling details and depth of water table are tabulated in respective borelogs and provided
in Appendix-II.
Soil samples were collected where ever possible and sent to laboratory for further tests.
Laboratory test results are provided in Appendix-III.

3.1.2

Rotary drilling
Rotary drilling technique was adopted for advancing and cleaning out borehole in overburden
soil between sample intervals. Standard penetration test (SPT) is conducted at every 1.5m
interval or at change of strata.

3.1.3

Drilling equipment
Mechanical rigs of rotary diamond Core drilling machine was used for the purpose. The rigs
are well suited for the required work. The rigs are new and well-maintained thereby good
core recovery can be achieved.
Soil Boring: The boring was advanced by rotating drill string connected by series of drill rods.
The boring diameter of 150mm was formed using a drag bit (Soil Cutter) in soil. The drag bit
cuts the subsoil at the bottom of the borehole and the soil fragments were removed by drilling
mud (bentonite) which is under circulation.
Bentonite slurry is used for stabilizing the borehole. Bentonite slurry deposits as a thin film on
the wall of the borehole during circulation and stability of borehole is derived from its
thixotropic property and the hydrostatic head of the suspension. Bentonite having liquid limit
greater than 400% is used for preparing bentonite slurry.
Rock Drilling: The rock drilling was advanced by rotating drill string connected by series of
drill rods. The formed diameter is of NX size using diamond bits connected through the

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Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

double tube core barrel. The drill bit cuts the weathered / hard rock and the fragments of the
cut materials were removed by circulating fresh water. Guide casing of size NX was used
up to the weathered rock layer.

3.1.4

Observation during drilling


The speed of drilling at different depths, color of return water, water loss (partial or full) etc.,
were continuously monitored and recorded.

Sampling
The samples collected from the SPT sampler are treated as disturbed samples. Immediately
after collection of sample from the sampler, the sample was transferred to a double walled
polythene bag. A sample label (as given below) is attached and the bag is tied tightly with
thread to avoid any loss of moisture.
PROJECT / JOB :
LOCATION :
BOREHOLE NO : DEPTH :
TYPE OF SAMPLE:
SAMPLE NO. :
DATE :
N VALUE :
Standard penetration test:
This test was performed as per IS 2131-1981. The split spoon sampler was lowered and
driven under impact of a 63.5 kg load with a free fall of 75 cm for 45 cm penetration at the
bottom of the hole. Initial 15 cm penetration is considered as seating drive and number of
blows required to penetrate the sampler for remaining 30 cm (out of 45 cm mark usually
driven in soil) is recorded as N value at that depth.
If the sampler does not fully penetrate into soil, then the test is terminated after 50 blows and
corresponding penetration is noted down.

Extraction of Cores:
The core samples were extracted from the core barrels in a manner to prevent disturbances
to the core. All the pieces of cores were sequentially numbered from top to bottom. Arrows
indicating the lower end of the piece are marked on each core.

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Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

Storing of core samples


All core pieces are placed in standard core boxes in a serial order and correct sequence from
top in descending order. The shallowest core shall be placed to the top left-hand corner of
every compartment starting with cores placed adjacent to the hinged section. Core boxes
shall confirm to IS 4078-1980.

Ground water table:


Observations were made for ground water in borehole during and after boring. Observed
Ground water table is recorded on the borelog sheet.

Preparation of Bore Logs:


On completion of each borehole, the soil samples were examined and logged. The final log is
prepared on the basis of visual examination of soil samples and laboratory testing data. The
following are observed and recorded in the borelog:
The commencement and completion date, location and co-ordinates of borehole, elevation of
top and bottom of boring, ground water table, boundaries of each soil layer that encountered,
classification and description of the soil, blow count values obtained from SPT tests,
collection of soil samples etc. Field borelogs are provided in Appendix-II.

3.2

LABORATORY TESTS (SOIL)


Grain size distribution analysis
Grain size analysis was carried out by sieving method as per IS 2720 (Part IV) -1985 to
determine the grain size distribution.

Atterbergs limits
Atterbergs limits test was conducted as per IS: 2720 (part V) -1985 on the soil samples
collected to determine the liquid limit and plastic limit.
Moisture content
Natural moisture content of the soil samples is determined as per IS 2720 (Part II) 1973
from the collected soil samples using oven-drying method.
LABORATORY TESTS (ROCK)
Density and Porosity
Density and Porosity of rock samples is determined for the selected core sample as per IS:
13030 -1991.

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Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

Compressive strength test


Compressive strength tests were carried out on selected rock core samples as per IS: 9143 1979.
Point Load Test
Point Load tests were carried out on selected rock core samples as per IS: 8764 -1998.
Laboratory results of soil and rock are provided in Appendix-III.

4.

SUB-SURFACE PROFILE
Based on the field and laboratory test results, the sub-surface profile encountered in the
borehole locations is summarized in the table given below.
Borehole
No.

Depth (m)

Thickness of
Layer (m)

Description of the Soil

From

To

0.0

4.5

4.5

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

4.5

7.5

3.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

0.0

1.0

1.0

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

1.0

1.6

0.6

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

1.6

3.5

1.9

Moderately Weathered Grade III


Greyish Granite

3.5

5.0

1.5

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

0.0

2.7

2.7

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

2.7

4.2

1.5

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

4.2

5.7

1.5

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

0.0

2.0

2.0

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

2.0

3.0

1.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

BH-1

BH-2

BH-3

BH-4

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Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

BH-5

BH-6

3.0

5.0

2.0

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

0.0

2.1

2.1

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

2.1

3.1

1.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

3.1

5.1

2.0

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

0.0

1.9

1.9

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

1.9

2.9

1.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

2.9

4.9

2.0

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

0.0

1.4

1.4

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

1.4

2.4

1.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

2.4

3.4

1.0

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

3.4

4.4

1.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

0.0

1.9

1.9

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

1.9

2.9

1.0

Slightly Weathered Grade II Greyish


Granite

2.9

4.9

2.0

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

BH-7

BH-8

The sub-surface profile for 8 No. boreholes drilled is given in Appendix-IV.

5.

SILT FACTOR AND SCOUR DEPTH COMPUTATIONS


The sub-surface profile at proposed bridge site is exposed with hard rock stratum with little
soil cover along the bridge alignment. As the hard rock stratum is encountered at shallow
depth no silt factor and scour calculations is required for this bridge. The top of hard rock
levels will be considered as scour depth levels.

6.

FOUNDATION SYSTEM
Based on the subsoil profile and the type of structure envisaged at the proposed Major bridge
location, shallow foundations can be adopted. The following section describes the method of

Page 7

Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

analysis adopted to arrive at the safe bearing capacities for shallow foundation along with a
discussion.

7.

SHALLOW FOUNDATION RESTING


Soil and Completely Weathered Rock Stratum
The following section describes the method of analysis adopted to arrive at the safe bearing
capacities for shallow foundation.
Bearing capacity calculation for footings resting on soil
In case of sandy soils, the angle of internal friction is determined by the standard
penetration test as per IS: 6403-1981. The values were used for determining the Ultimate
Bearing Capacity of soil as per shear failure criteria. The ultimate bearing capacity, qd is
calculated as per equations furnished in IS: 6403-1981 as given below.
The ultimate bearing capacity qd is given by
qd = c Nc sc dc ic + q (Nq 1) sq dq iq + 1/2 B Ns d i w
c = cohesion
= Angle of internal friction
q = Effective surcharge at base of foundation
B = Width of footing
= Bulk unit weight of foundation soil
w = Correction factor for location of water table
Nc, Nq, N = Bearing capacity factors
sc, sq, s = Shape factors
ic, iq, i = Inclination factors
The Safe bearing capacity (SBC) is the maximum intensity of loading that the foundation will
safely carry without the risk of shear failure of soil. Safe bearing capacity can be obtained by
dividing the Ultimate Bearing Capacity (UBC) with a factor of safety of 2.5.
SBC = UBC / 2.5
In the design of bearing capacity calculations the water table is assumed at foundation level
and water table correction factor has been applied accordingly.
The computation of bearing capacity calculation is provided in Table-1 of Appendix-V.
Net Safe Bearing Pressure of Rock as Per IS: 12070 1987
The following three methods have been adopted for evaluation of net safe bearing pressure
of rock as per IS: 12070 1987.

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Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

i)

Net safe bearing pressure based on classification.

ii)

Net safe bearing pressure based on Rock Mass Rating (RMR).

iii)

Safe bearing pressure from the core strength.

The computed net safe bearing pressure of rock for the above three methods are given in
Table 2 to Table - 4 of Appendix-V respectively.
The summary of net safe bearing pressure of rock by the above three methods are given in
Table 5 of Appendix-V.

Page 9

Report on Geotechnical Investigation for proposed construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

8.

RECOMMENDATION
SHALLOW FOUNDATION

Based on the subsoil profile encountered at Major Bridge km. 79.600, shallow
foundation shall be adopted.

For shallow foundation, the recommended allowable bearing pressure along with
founding depth for borehole locations drilled is given in the table below.

Sl.
No.

Borehole
No.

Location

Depth of
foundation
below the
ground level
(m)

BH-1

Abutment-A1

3.5

50

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-2

Pier-P1

2.0

75

Hard Rock
(Moderately Weathered Grade III
Rock)

BH-3

Pier-P2

3.0

100

Hard Rock
(Slightly Weathered Grade II Rock)

BH-4

Pier-P3

3.0

125

Hard Rock
(Fresh Grade I Rock)

BH-5

Pier-P4

2.7

100

Hard Rock
(Slightly Weathered Grade II Rock)

BH-6

Pier-P5

2.5

100

Hard Rock
(Slightly Weathered Grade II Rock)

BH-7

Pier-P6

2.0

100

Hard Rock
(Slightly Weathered Grade II Rock)

BH-8

Abutment-A2

2.5

100

Hard Rock
(Slightly Weathered Grade II Rock)

Recommended
Allowable
Bearing
Pressure
(T/sqm)

Founding Stratum

Foundation shall be suitably embedded into Hard Rock for 0.6m thick or 1.5m in
Weathered Rock or 2.0m in Completely Weathered Rock / Soil Stratum below the
scour depth as per IRC 78.

G. SATEESH KUMAR
Geotechnical Engineer

Page 10

APPENDIX-I
LOCATION PLAN

Page 11

SKETCH PLAN SHOWING LOCATION OF BOREHOLES


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600

BH-6

P
Pier-P6

BH-5

P
Pier-P5

BH-4

P
Pier-P4

BH-3

P
Pier-P3

BH-2

P
Pier-P2

P
Pier-P1

Abuttment-A1

BH-1

BH-7

Abuttment-A2

Rayachoti

Pileru

Existing Major Bridge

Page 12

Abutment-A2

Pier-P6

Pier-P5

Pier-P4

Pier-P3

Pier-P2

Pier-P1

Abutment-A1

Proposed Major Bridge of Span 7x18.0m

BH-8

APPENDIX-II
BORE LOGS

Page 13

TABLE-1A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-1

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-1

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 4.5m, NX upto 7.5m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 4.5 m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Date

EGL

18.07.2015

Date Completed

24.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

4.5

7.5

18.07.2015

0.5

DS

1.5

50 for 8 cm

3.0

Date Commenced

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 3 cm

22.07.2015

No sample recovered)

4.5

50 for 3 cm

23.07.2015

(No sample recovered)


NX upto 4.5m

4.5
to

Core

77%

29%

6.0
Slightly Weathered Grade II
Greyish Granite
6.0
to

Core

77%

22%

24.07.2015

7.5

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 14

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 7.5 m

TABLE-1B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-1

Depth drilled (m)


Date
From

To

23.07.2015

4.5

6.0

24.07.2015

6.0

7.5

Bearing of hole:

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

18.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

24.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.5

72

44

116

77

29

Greyish

0%

1 - 19

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

1.5

82

33

115

77

22

Greyish

0%

20 - 41

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 15

Remarks

TABLE-2A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-2

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-2

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 1.0m, NX upto 5.0m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 1.0m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Date

EGL

0.5

1.0

Date Commenced

25.07.2015

Date Completed

27.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

1.0

1.6

3.5

5.0

25.07.2015

DS

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0 cm
No sample recovered)
NX upto 1.0 m

1.0
to

Core

87%

87%

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

1.6

1.6
to

Core

53%

0%

26.07.2015

2.0
Moderately Weathered Grade III
Greyish Granite

2.0
to

Core

64%

51%

3.5

3.5
to

Core

79%

31%

27.07.2015

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

5.0

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 16

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 5.0 m

TABLE-2B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-2

Depth drilled (m)

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

25.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

27.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

0.6

24

28

52

87

87

Greyish

0%

1-2

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

2.0

0.4

21

21

53

Greyish

0%

3-6

Moderately
Weathered Grade III
Greyish Granite

2.0

3.5

1.5

20

44

32

96

64

51

Greyish

0%

7 - 15

Moderately
Weathered Grade III
Greyish Granite

3.5

5.0

1.5

73

46

119

79

31

Greyish

0%

16 - 30

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

Date
From

To

25.07.2015

1.0

1.6

26.07.2015

1.6

27.07.2015

Bearing of hole:

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 17

Remarks

TABLE-3A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-3

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-3

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 2.7m, NX upto 5.7m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 2.7m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Date

EGL

17.07.2015

Date Completed

21.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

2.7

4.2

5.7

17.07.2015

0.5

DS

1.5

50 for 13cm

2.7

Date Commenced

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0cm

20.07.2015

(No Sampled Recovered)


NX upto 2.7m

2.7
to

Core

80%

46%

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

4.2

4.2
to

Core

91%

91%

21.07.2015

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

5.7

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 18

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 5.7m

TABLE-3B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-3

Depth drilled (m)


Date
From

To

20.07.2015

2.7

4.2

21.07.2015

4.2

5.7

Bearing of hole:

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

17.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

21.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.5

53

13

56

122

81

46

Greyish

0%

1 - 12

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

1.5

15

96

26

137

91

81

Greyish

0%

13 - 20

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 19

Remarks

TABLE-4A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-4

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-4

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 2.0m, NX upto 5.0m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 2.0m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Depth

EGL

22.07.2015

Date Completed

23.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

2.0

3.0

5.0

22.07.2015

0.5

DS

1.5

50 for 5cm

2.0

Date Commenced

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0cm

23.07.2015

(No Sample Recovered)


NX upto 2.0 m

2.0
to

Core

85%

10%

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

3.0

3.0
to

Core

95%

66%

4.0
Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite
4.0
to

Core

99%

90%

5.0

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 20

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 5.0 m

TABLE-4B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-4

Depth drilled (m)

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

22.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

23.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.0

75

10

85

85

10

Greyish

0%

1 - 17

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

4.0

1.0

29

29

37

95

95

66

Greyish

0%

18 - 26

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

5.0

1.0

25

65

99

99

90

Greyish

0%

27 - 30

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

Date

23.07.2015

Bearing of hole:

From

To

2.0

3.0

3.0

4.0

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 21

Remarks

TABLE-5A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-5

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-5

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 2.1m, NX upto 5.1m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 2.1m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Depth

EGL

29.07.2015

Date Completed

30.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

2.1

3.1

5.1

29.07.2015

0.5

DS

1.5

50 for 5cm

2.1

Date Commenced

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0cm
(No sample recovered)

NX upto 2.1m

2.1
to

Core

85%

85%

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

3.1

3.1
to

Core

91%

91%

30.07.2015

4.1
Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite
4.1
to

Core

96%

96%

5.1

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 22

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 5.1m

TABLE-5B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-5

Depth drilled (m)

Bearing of hole:

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

29.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

30.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.0

85

85

85

85

Greyish

0%

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

4.1

1.0

91

91

91

91

Greyish

0%

6 - 10

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

5.1

1.0

96

96

96

96

Greyish

0%

11 - 16

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

Date
From

To

29.07.2015

2.1

3.1

30.07.2015

3.1

4.1

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 23

Remarks

TABLE-6A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-6

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-6

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 1.9m, NX upto 4.9m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 1.9m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Depth

EGL

31.07.2015

Date Completed

01.08.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

1.9

2.9

4.9

31.07.2015

0.5

DS

1.5

50 for 4cm

1.9

Date Commenced

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0cm
(NO Sample Recovered)
NX upto 1.9m

1.9
to

Core

89%

53%

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

2.9

2.9
to

Core

100%

94%

01.08.2015

3.9
Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite
3.9
to

Core

100%

92%

4.9

Remarks :

Nill

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

DS - Disturbed Samples

Nil

Page 24

Bore hole Terminated at 4.90 m

TABLE-6B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-6

Depth drilled (m)

Bearing of hole:

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

31.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

01.08.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.0

36

53

89

89

53

Greyish

0%

1-9

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

3.9

1.0

94

100

100

94

Greyish

0%

10 - 16

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

4.9

1.0

92

100

100

92

Greyish

0%

17 - 23

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

Date
From

To

31.07.2015

1.9

2.9

01.08.2015

2.9

3.9

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 25

Remarks

TABLE-7A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-7

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-7

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 1.4m, NX upto 4.4m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 1.4m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Depth

EGL

0.5

1.4

Date Commenced

27.07.2015

Date Completed

29.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

1.4

2.4

3.4

4.4

27.07.2015

DS

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0cm
(No Sample Recovered)
NX upto 1.4m

1.4
to

Core

87%

66%

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

2.4

2.4
to

Core

93%

93%

28.07.2015

Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite

3.4

3.4
to

Core

86%

86%

29.07.2015

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

4.4

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 26

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 4.4m

TABLE-7B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-7

Depth drilled (m)

Bearing of hole:

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

27.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

29.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.0

21

66

87

87

66

Greyish

0%

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

3.4

1.0

35

58

93

93

93

Greyish

0%

8 - 11

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

4.4

1.0

86

86

86

86

Greyish

0%

12 - 16

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

Date
From

To

27.07.2015

1.4

2.4

28.07.2015

2.4

29.07.205

3.4

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 27

Remarks

TABLE-8A: BORELOG
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH-8

Boring method : Rotary with mud circulation

Record of BH-1

Boring diameter : 150mm upto 1.9m, NX upto 4.9m

Orientation : Vertical

Casing diameter : NX upto 1.9m

Reduced Level of Borelog:

Boring equipment: Calyx

Water level : Not


encountered upto
the drilled depth

Samples and In-situ test


Depth (m)

Type & Value

Casing depth,
(Level)

TCR
%

RQD
%

Depth

EGL

28.07.2015

Date Completed

30.07.2015

Description of Strata

Depth From
EGL

Soil Group

1.9

2.9

4.9

28.07.2015

0.5

DS

1.5

50 for 4cm

1.9

Date Commenced

Completely Weathered Grade V


Brownish Rock

50 for 0cm
(No sample recovered)
NX upto 1.9m

1.9
to

Core

88%

56%

29.07.2015

2.9

Slightly Weathered Grade II


Greyish Granite

2.9
to

Core

93%

56%

3.9
Fresh Grade I Greyish Granite
3.9
to

Core

95%

71%

30.07.2015

4.9

Remarks :

DS - Disturbed Samples

UDS - Undisturded Samples -

Page 28

1 Nos
Nil

Bore hole Terminated at 4.9m

TABLE-8B: CONSOLIDATED DRILLING LOG


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km.79.600
BH No.:

BH-8

Depth drilled (m)

30.07.2015

Vertical

Drill No.& Type:

Rotary

Starting date

28.07.2015

Size of hole:

NX

Pump No& Type:

SP3L

Completion date

30.07.2015

Length of core pieces Recovered


< 10cm

10 - 25 cm

> 25 cm

Total
Recovery
(cm)

1.0

32

56

88

88

56

Greyish

0%

1 - 11

Slightly Weathered
Grade II Greyish
Granite

3.9

1.0

37

56

93

93

56

Greyish

0%

12 - 22

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

4.9

1.0

24

34

37

95

95

71

Greyish

0%

23 - 30

Fresh Grade I Greyish


Granite

Date

29.07.2015

Bearing of hole:

From

To

1.9

2.9

2.9

3.9

Total depth
drilled (m)

Percentage of
Recovery

RQD
%

Colour of return water

Water
loss

Core Nos.

Type of Formation

Page 29

Remarks

APPENDIX-III
LABORATORY TEST RESULTS

Page 30

TABLE-1: LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF SOIL SAMPLES


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH

IS 2720
(Part 2)

TEST Method

GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION


SAND
GRAVEL
%

COARSE
%

IS 2720 (Part 5)

Abutment-A1

1.5

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-2

Pier-P1

1.0

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-3

Pier-P2

1.5

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-4

Pier-P3

1.5

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-5

Pier-P4

1.5

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-6

Pier-P5

1.5

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-7

Pier-P6

1.4

Completely Weathered Rock

BH-8

Abutment-A2

1.5

Completely Weathered Rock

FINE
%

%
IS 2720 (Part 4)

BH-1

Page 31

MEDIUM
%

SILT
&
CLAY

IS CLASSIFICATION

PLASTICITY INDEX

PLASTIC LIMIT
%

LIQUID LIMIT
%

MOISTURE CONTENT
%

TYPE OF SAMPLE

DEPTH (m)

ABUTMENT / PIER

BOREHOLE NO.

Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600

IS 1498

TABLE-2: LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF ROCK SAMPLES


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600
BORE HOLE ABUTMENT/
NO
PIER

DEPTH
(m)

CORE
PIECE
No.

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY

TEST Method

WATER
ABSORPTION
(%)

POROSITY
(%)

IS 2386 (Part 3)

DENSITY
(Kg/m3)

IS 13030

COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(Mpa)

POINT LOAD
INDEX
(Mpa)

IS 9143

IS 8764

BH-1

Abutment-A1

4.5 - 6.0

2.69

0.06

0.14

2622

BH-1

Abutment-A1

4.5 - 6.0

15

2.69

0.09

0.19

2652

12.1

BH-1

Abutment-A1

4.5 - 6.0

18

2.69

0.10

0.21

2645

54.3

BH-1

Abutment-A1

6.0 - 7.0

29

2.69

0.04

0.10

2679

BH-1

Abutment-A1

6.0 - 7.0

35

2.69

0.04

0.10

2628

12.8

BH-1

Abutment-A1

6.0 - 7.0

41

2.69

0.03

0.07

2654

BH-2

Pier-P1

1.0 - 1.6

2.69

0.11

0.23

2662

48.8

BH-2

Pier-P1

1.0 - 1.6

2.69

0.10

0.21

2565

10.6

BH-2

Pier-P1

1.6 - 2.0

2.69

0.10

0.21

2559

BH-2

Pier-P1

1.6 - 2.0

2.69

0.06

0.14

2636

BH-2

Pier-P1

2.0 - 3.5

11

2.69

0.05

0.12

2647

60.8

BH-2

Pier-P1

3.5 - 5.0

25

2.69

0.06

0.14

2618

10.8

BH-2

Pier-P1

3.5 - 5.0

29

2.69

0.05

0.12

2656

64.8

Page 32

TABLE-2: LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF ROCK SAMPLES


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600
BORE HOLE ABUTMENT/
NO
PIER

DEPTH
(m)

CORE
PIECE
No.

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY

TEST Method

WATER
ABSORPTION
(%)

POROSITY
(%)

IS 2386 (Part 3)

DENSITY
(Kg/m3)

IS 13030

COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(Mpa)

POINT LOAD
INDEX
(Mpa)

IS 9143

IS 8764

BH-3

Pier-P2

2.7 - 4.2

2.69

0.04

0.10

2663

68.2

12.5

BH-3

Pier-P2

2.7 - 4.2

2.69

0.06

0.14

2625

BH-3

Pier-P2

4.2 - 5.7

15

2.69

0.09

0.19

2563

9.9

BH-3

Pier-P2

4.2 - 5.7

19

2.69

0.08

0.18

2657

64.2

BH-3

Pier-P2

4.2 - 5.7

19

2.69

0.06

0.14

2675

66.3

11.5

BH-4

Pier-P3

2.0 - 3.0

2.69

0.06

0.14

2652

BH-4

Pier-P3

2.0 - 3.0

2.69

0.08

0.18

2565

10.2

BH-4

Pier-P3

2.0 - 3.0

17

2.69

0.09

0.19

2589

BH-4

Pier-P3

3.0 - 4.0

22

2.69

0.06

0.14

2683

64.2

BH-4

Pier-P3

3.0 - 4.0

26

2.69

0.04

0.10

2665

BH-4

Pier-P3

4.0 - 5.0

27

2.69

0.09

0.19

2575

BH-4

Pier-P3

4.0 - 5.0

28

2.69

0.06

0.14

2638

57.6

BH-4

Pier-P3

4.0 - 5.0

29

2.69

0.08

0.18

2587

10.8

Page 33

TABLE-2: LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF ROCK SAMPLES


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600
BORE HOLE ABUTMENT/
NO
PIER

DEPTH
(m)

CORE
PIECE
No.

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY

TEST Method

WATER
ABSORPTION
(%)

POROSITY
(%)

IS 2386 (Part 3)

DENSITY
(Kg/m3)

IS 13030

COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(Mpa)

POINT LOAD
INDEX
(Mpa)

IS 9143

IS 8764

BH-5

Pier-P4

2.1 - 3.1

2.69

0.06

0.14

2625

63.2

BH-5

Pier-P4

2.1 - 3.1

2.69

0.07

0.16

2586

12.8

BH-5

Pier-P4

3.1 - 4.1

2.69

0.06

0.14

2633

64.9

12.1

BH-5

Pier-P4

3.1 - 4.1

10

2.69

0.08

0.18

2588

10.8

BH-5

Pier-P4

4.1 - 5.1

12

2.69

0.05

0.12

2658

63.2

BH-5

Pier-P4

4.1 - 5.1

16

2.69

0.06

0.14

2618

12.4

BH-6

Pier-P5

1.9 - 2.9

2.69

0.07

0.16

2655

BH-6

Pier-P5

1.9 - 2.9

2.69

0.06

0.14

2596

11.6

BH-6

Pier-P5

2.9 - 3.9

10

2.69

0.05

0.12

2618

65.2

BH-6

Pier-P5

2.9 - 3.9

14

2.69

0.04

0.10

2632

67.8

12.9

BH-6

Pier-P5

3.9 - 4.9

17

2.69

0.05

0.12

2628

13.2

BH-6

Pier-P5

3.9 - 4.9

19

2.69

0.06

0.14

2635

Page 34

TABLE-2: LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF ROCK SAMPLES


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 79.600
BORE HOLE ABUTMENT/
NO
PIER

DEPTH
(m)

CORE
PIECE
No.

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY

TEST Method

WATER
ABSORPTION
(%)

POROSITY
(%)

IS 2386 (Part 3)

DENSITY
(Kg/m3)

IS 13030

COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH
(Mpa)

POINT LOAD
INDEX
(Mpa)

IS 9143

IS 8764

BH-7

Pier-P6

1.4 - 2.4

2.69

0.08

0.18

2587

BH-7

Pier-P6

1.4 - 2.4

2.69

0.05

0.12

2644

66.2

BH-7

Pier-P6

2.4 - 3.4

10

2.69

0.06

0.14

2615

62.9

12.8

BH-7

Pier-P6

3.4 - 4.4

13

2.69

0.04

0.10

2638

13.9

BH-7

Pier-P6

3.4 - 4.4

15

2.69

0.08

0.18

2617

67.8

BH-8

Abutment-A2

1.9 - 2.9

2.69

0.06

0.14

2695

11.7

BH-8

Abutment-A2

1.9 - 2.9

11

2.69

0.04

0.10

2618

64.8

BH-8

Abutment-A2

2.9 - 3.9

16

2.69

0.03

0.07

2653

69.2

BH-8

Abutment-A2

2.9 - 3.9

21

2.69

0.04

0.10

2625

13.5

BH-8

Abutment-A2

3.9 - 4.9

23

2.69

0.04

0.10

2642

10.3

BH-8

Abutment-A2

3.9 - 4.9

23

2.69

0.06

0.14

2675

62.9

Page 35

APPENDIX-IV
SUB-SURFACE PROFILE

Page 36

Page 37

Page 38

APPENDIX-V
COMPUTATIONS

Page 39

Table - 1 : COMPUTATION OF NET SAFE BEARING CAPACITY AS PER IS: 6403


PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-18 FROM 57/000 to 108/850 PILERU TO
RAYACHOTI SECTION TO TWO LANE WITH PAVED SHOULDER IN THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 147.770
General Shear
Failure

Type of Failure

Foundation Strata

Width of foundation

2.5

Length of foundation

5.0

Depth of Foundation below the scour depth, Df

2.0

SPT 'N' Value

>100

Angle of Internal Friction,

38.0

deg

Unit Weight of Overburden Soil,

1.85

T/cum

Cohesive Strength of Soil, c

0.00

T/sqm

10

Bearing Capacity Factors Range

11

Completely
Weathered Rock

35

40

Bearing Capacity Factor, Nc (Table 1 of 6403)

46.12

75.31

63.63

12

Bearing Capacity Factor, Nq (Table 1 of 6403)

33.30

64.20

51.84

13

Bearing Capacity Factor, Ny (Table 1 of 6403)

48.03

109.41

84.86

14

Depth Factor, dc

= 1 +( (0.2 x Df/ B) x Sqrt(N))

1.33

15

Depth Factor, dq

= (1 if < 10) else, 1 + ((0.1 x Df/ B) x Sqrt(N))

1.16

16

Depth Factor, dy

= (1 if < 10) else, 1 + ((0.1 x Df/ B) x Sqrt(N))

1.16

17

Shape Factor, sc

Constant

1.10

18

Shape Factor, sq

Constant

1.10

19

Shape Factor, sy

Constant

0.80

20
21
22

Inclination Factor, ic

= (1 - / 90)

Inclination Factor, iq

= (1 - / 90)

Inclination Factor, iy

= (1 - / )

1.00
1.00
1.00

23

Water Table Correction Factor, W'

Constant

0.50

24

Ultimate Bearing Capacity Component, UBC1

= c Nc sc dc ic

0.00

T/sqm

25

Ultimate Bearing Capacity Component, UBC2

= q (Nq-1) sq dq iq

110.28

T/sqm

26

Ultimate Bearing Capacity Component, UBC3

= 0.5 B N s d i W'

91.05

T/sqm

27

Net Ultimate Bearing Capacity, UBC

= UBC1 + UBC2 + UBC3

201.34

T/sqm

28

Net SBC with Factor of Safety of 2.5

= UBC / 2.5

80.53

T/sqm

Say

80.5

T/sqm

Page 40

Table - 2: NET SAFE BEARING PRESSURE BASED ON CLASSIFICATION


AS PER IS: 12070 1987
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-42 FROM 134/000 to 202/050 MUDIGUBBA to
ANANTAPUR BORDER IN STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH (MUDIGUBBA - KOKANTI)
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 147.770

The code IS: 12070 1987 gives net safe bearing pressure based on classification. From Table 2 for
Massive crystalline bedrock including granite, diorite, gneiss,a net safe bearing pressure of 1000 t/m2 is
recommended for preliminary evaluation of bearing capacity.
As per IS: 12070 1987 clause 9.2 (i) for submerged condition under water table correction factor for
safe bearing pressure is 0.5.
Thus the allowable bearing pressure is = 1000 x 0.5 = 500 t/m2
As per IS: 12070 1987 clause 9.2 (iii) for fair orientation of continuous joints in the slope correction
factor for safe bearing pressure is 0.5.
Thus the allowable bearing pressure is = 500 x 0.5 = 250 t/m2

Page 41

Table - 3: NET SAFE BEARING PRESSURE BASED ON RMR RATING


AS PER IS: 12070 - 1987
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-42 FROM 134/000 to 202/050
MUDIGUBBA to ANANTAPUR BORDER IN STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH (MUDIGUBBA KOKANTI)
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 147.770

Sl.No.

Value

Rating
increment

50 to 100 MPa

50 to 75%

13

0.005 to 0.3m

10

Slightly rough surface, aperture less


than 1 mm, Hard wall rock.

20

Severe water problem

Favorable

-2

Total RMR Value

49

Parameter

Strength of rock

Drill core quality (RQD)

Joint spacing

Joint characteristics

Ground water conditions

Orientation of joints

49

For RMR Value of

as per IS: 12070, Table - 3, Page 6. the Net safe bearing pressure is given below
III

Classification No.

Good

Description of Rock
For RMR

60

to

41

Net safe bearing pressure is qns (t/m2)

280

to

151

Net Safe Bearing Pressure (t/m2)

205.3

Page 42

Table - 4: NET SAFE BEARING PRESSURE BASED ON CORE STRENGTH


AS PER IS: 12070 - 1987
PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-42 FROM 134/000 to 202/050 MUDIGUBBA to
ANANTAPUR BORDER IN STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH (MUDIGUBBA - KOKANTI)
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 147.770

Sl.No.

Description

Foundation stratum

Drill core quality (RQD)

Spacing of discontinuities

Value

Unit

Hard Rock Stratum


50 to 75

5 - 30

cm

Average Unconfined Compressive Strength of Rock (Mpa)

65

Mpa

Nj Value based on Spacing of discontinuities

0.1

Submerged Condition Under Water Table

0.5

Slope - Fair orientation of continuous joints in the slope

0.5

Net safe bearing pressure based on core strength

1.625

Mpa

Net safe bearing pressure based on core strength

162.5

t/m2

Page 43

Table - 5: SUMMARY OF COMPUTATION OF NET SAFE BEARING PRESSURE AS PER IS: 12070

PROJECT: REHABILITATION AND UPGRADATION OF NH-42 FROM 134/000 to 202/050 MUDIGUBBA to


ANANTAPUR BORDER IN STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH (MUDIGUBBA - KOKANTI)
Structure: Proposed Construction of Major Bridge at km. 147.770

Sl.No.

Description

Value

Foundation stratum

Net Safe Bearing Pressure as per IS: 12070 - 1987 (t/m )

Unit

Hard Rock Stratum

i) Based on classification

250.0

t/m

ii) Based on RMR Rating

205.3

t/m2

iii) Based on Core Strength

162.5

t/m2

Least Net Safe Bearing Pressure from the above 3 Methods

162.5

t/m2

Page 44