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DESIGN FOR FOUNDATION - F1

(Shed - Braced Bay on grid 23)

Ultimate loads
Design ultimate load

163.0

kN

Design ultimate moment about "h"

M1

122.0

kN.m

Design ultimate moment about "b"

M2

51.0

kN.m

Design service load

135.0

kN

Design service moment about "h"

M1

102.0

kN.m

Design service moment about "b"

M2

42.0

kN.m

Maximum horizontal force along "h"

H1

28.0

kN

Maximum horizontal force along "b"

H2

33.0

kN

Maximum tension

0.0

kN

Unit weight of soil

18.0

kN/m3

Width of pedestal

750.0

mm

Depth of pedestal

550.0

mm

Safe bearing capacity

h
qs

100.0

kN/m2

Grade of reinforcement

fy

414.0

N/mm2

Grade of concrete

fcu

40.0

N/mm2

Overall depth of foundation

400.0

mm

Clear cover

75.0

mm

1.5

Service loads

Design data

Depth below grade level


=

0.33

w1

67.2

kN

Self weight of earth on footing

w3

124.9

kN

Total self weight

Total design axial load

w
(P)w

(A)req.

Coefficient of friction
SOLUTION:For the serviceability limit state
Base area & size of footing
Self weight of footing

192.09
kN
P
+
Total
self
weight
=
s
=

Area of base required

kN

327
(P)w / qs

3.3

m2

Width of footing

2.40

Length of footing

2.80

Area footing provided

L
(A)P

m2

>

6.72
(A)req.
127.0

kN/m2

OKAY

Bearing pressure
Gross bearing capacity

qs(gross)

Total design axial load

Ps

qa

Earth pressure

327
kN
= (Ps/A) + (M1/Z1) + (M2/Z2)
<

97
qs(gross)

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kN/m2
OKAY
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qb

>

kN/m2
OKAY

For the Ultimate limit state


Bearing pressure
Axial load from the column

432
kN
= (Ps/A) + (M1/Z1) + (M2/Z2)

q1

122

kN/m2

q2

44

kN/m2

q3

84

kN/m2

q4

kN/m2

Earth pressure

Pressure diagram

q4

q3 84

57

84

q4

q3

Side 3

Side 2

Side 4

29.1

106.9

122

Side 1

44

q1

q2
q2

44

122 q1

88.1

Calculation for design moment


Conservativly assuming maximum bearing pressure on both the sides
(M)L
= B*[(L-h)2/8]*qmax
=
(M)B

185.5
kN.m
2
= L*[(B-b) /8]*qmax.
=

116.4

kN.m

Calculation for reinforcement.


For moment along ' L ' :Effective depth

The ratio

317.0
= (M)L / bd2fcu
=

mm

0.019

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Lever arm

Lever arm

Therefore the design "z" value

Reinforcement required

=
=

(As)Pro. in

z
(z) Max.
z
As
(As)Min.

2.40 m wide base


12

16

= d (0.5+SQRT(0.25 - k/0.9))
=

310

0.95d

301

mm
mm

301
= (M)L / 0.95 fy z

mm

1566

mm2

0.13%

1248

mm2

2413

mm2

>

1566
mm2
= Min ( 47000/fs , 300)

Max clear spacing of bars in tension


Actual clear spacing provided

262

mm

187

mm

<

262

mm

OKAY

OKAY

For moment along ' B ' :Effective depth

The ratio

303.0
= (M)L / bd2fcu
=

Lever arm

z
(z) Max.

Lever arm
Therefore the design "z" value
=
=
(As)Pro. in

As
(As)Min.

2.80 m length base


16

0.011

= d (0.5+SQRT(0.25 - k/0.9))
=

299

0.95d

288

Reinforcement required

12

mm

mm
mm

288
= (M)L / 0.95 fy z

mm

1028

mm2

0.13%

1456

mm2

1810

mm2

>

1456
mm2
= Min ( 47000/fs , 300)

Max clear spacing of bars in tension


Actual clear spacing provided

212

mm

164

mm

<

212

mm

2a+2b

2600

OKAY

OKAY

Punching shear check at column face


Column Perimeter
Shear stress

=
=

S
Vc

= P / (S * d)
=

0.52

N/mm2

<

5.00

N/mm2

Punching shear check at 1.5d from the column face.


The steel ratio
= 100As / bd =

0.26 %

The ratio

1.26

400/d

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OKAY

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The design value of 400/d

1.26
0.50

Ultimate shear capacity

vc

Critical perimeter

= Column perimeter + (12d)

N./mm2

= (2b+2h) + (12d)
=
Area with in the perimeter

A'

Average earth pressure


Punching shear force

6404

= (b+3d)*(h+3d)
=

2.6E+06

mm2

64

kN/m2

= Earth pressure x (A - A')


=

Punching shear stress

mm

268

kN

= V / (Perimeter x d)
=

0.13

N/mm2

< vc

OKAY

One-way shear check at 1.0 d from the column face


The length

(L-h)/2

Effective shear length

1.125

0.81

m
kN

Shear force at critical section

203

Shear stress

V/bd

=
<

0.27
vc

192.1

kN

Frictional resistance

63.4

kN

Passive resistance from pedestal face area

22.2

kN

Passive resistance from footing face area

83.1

kN

Total resisting horizontal force

168.7

kN

Safety index

6.02

>

1.5

192.1

kN

Frictional resistance

63.4

kN

Passive resistance from pedestal face area

30.2

kN

Passive resistance from footing face area

97.0

kN

Total resisting horizontal force

190.6

kN

Safety index

5.8

>

1.5

20.625

kN

OKAY

Check for sliding along "h"


Total weight

OKAY

Check for sliding along "b"


Total weight

OKAY

Check for overturning


Self weight of pedestal
Overturning moment

Ms

42.0

kN.m

Restoring moment

M's

297.8

kN.m

7.1

>

1.5

Safety index

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OKAY
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Check for uplift


As tension is not acting in the foundation, this check is not carried out.

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