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Project Unit

135355

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING


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SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION PSV-402


1. PSV Size

Scenario

Relief Load

Vapour release

Rated Flow Req. orifice Back pres.

(kg/h)

MMSCFD

mm2

kPag

33851

16.93

601.1

178.7

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PSV orifice size is designated as "3J4"

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2. PSV Inlet and Outlet Line Size

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Line

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Material

Size (in)

Flange Rating

Inlet line to PSV

CS

#300

Outlet line from PSV

CS

#150

Serial
Number

Rev.
00

Discipline
01

Type
REP

009

Page
Rev.

Revision
Date
Originator
Checked by
Approved by

CALCULATION NOTE

Code

Code

Project Unit
135355

Discipline
01

Type
REP

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Rev.

009

00

Page
Rev.

Revision
Date
Originator
Checked by
Approved by

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial
Number

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CALCULATION OBJECTIVE

i.

To identify the orifice size of PSV-402 in fire case

ii.

To identify the PSV inlet and outlet line size

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CALCULATION METHOD and STANDARD

i.

API STD 521, Addendum May 2008 "Guide for Pressure Relieving and Depressuring System"

ii.

API STD 526, Errata May 2009 "Flanged Steel Pressure Relief Valve"

iii.

Line Sizing Philisophy

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ASSUMPTION AND BASIS

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Blocked outlet contigency

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Design pressure of HP Separator V-401

4600 kPag

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Set pressure of PSV (= PZAHH of HP Separator x 10%):

4240 kPag

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Fire contigency

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This is relevant contigency.

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1.

Input process data:

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Operating conditions
Op.Temperature: 4-38oC

Op. Pressure: 1120-3500 kPag

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Ambient temperature: 4 - 38 oC

HP Separator geometry
Assume that HP Separator contains liquid with HLSD of Vessel V-401 (refer to Process Equipment sizing calculationreport)

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Total astimated HP Separator volume refer to Process Equipment sizing calculationreport

PSV-2060-1 data

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Liquid volume:

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214.708

m3

Vapor volume:

41.773

m3

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Set pressure:

4240

kPag

Accumulation: 21% of set pressure

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Relieving pressure:

5130

kPag

Back pressure:

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Coefficient of discharge Kd:

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2.

Vapor relief load

3.

Latent heat determination

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70

kPa (preliminary estimation)

0.975

In order to define gas relieving rate through PSV under fire exposure, below scenarios to Boiling liquid in case Max Gas (Case 07)

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Relieving temperature is simulated by HYSYS

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Vapor and liquid volumetric flowrates are adjusted to their actual volume occupied in HP Separator including 10% of piping inventory.

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Total heat input (Q) from fire will be transfered to fluid, heat accumulated by vessel metal is not considered. Input heat (Q) is used

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mainly to increase the fluid temperature (Sensible Heat Q s) and partly to vaporise the liquid (Latent Heat of Vaporization H)

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Relief liquid is flashed fractionally at 1%, 2%, 5% to determine its respective latent heat. Repetition is interupted once the latent
heat tends increasing and the flashing vapour will be relieving flowrate as required.

4.

Line sizing criteria

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Line size will be verified based on gas flow relieved by real orifce area (rated flow) and PSV tailpipe back pressure is atmosphere.

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PSV upstream line:


v < 20 m/s

P < 0.03 x PSV set pressure

PSV downstream line


Mach number < 0.75

P < 0.1 x PSV set pressure

Project Unit
135355

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Serial
Number

Rev.
00

Discipline
01

Type
REP

009

1
2

DETAILED CALCULATION PSV-402

1. PSV Relief Load

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Relieving pressure =

46000

kPag

Max Gas production (Case 07)

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Latent heat of vaporization is determined by fractionally flashing liquid portion, Mass Heat of Vaporization and detailed

calculation are as table below. Refer HYSYS MODEL showing this flashing arrangement in page 7 of 7.
1%

Vaporised fraction

10

2%

11

Relieving temperature

190.0

190.0

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Input Heat - Q

kJ/h

6922243.9

14590780.4

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Sensible Heat - Qs

kJ/h

6513354.3

13476595.2

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M vaporisation
Mass
i ti

k /h
kg/h

1325.526
1325 526

2651 052
2651.052

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Molecular weight

40.14

43.61

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Latent heat of vaporization

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2

Orifice size (mm )

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Gas flowrate to be relieved

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Rated flow @ 1.21*Pset

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kJ/kg

308.474

420.3

kCal/kg

73.7

100.4

Cal.

601.09

Selected

kg/hr

24506.1

kg/h

33851

MMscfd

16.93

5%

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24506

From above calculation, the orifice size J with the rated flow of

kg/h will be selected for PSV-402

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2. PSV Inlet and Outlet Line Size

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The gas flow released by real orifice area (rated flow) is employed to verify the PSV inlet / outlet line size correspondence

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Rated flow (Case #1, 1% of vaporization)

33,851.4 kg/h

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i) PSV Inlet Line


Size (inch) Velocity (m/s) P/ P set
4

17.79

1.07

Check
Yes

ii) PSV Outlet line


Size (inch) Mach Number P/ P set
6

0.028

2.02

Check
Yes

Page
Rev.

Revision
Date
Originator
Checked by
Approved by

CALCULATION NOTE

Code

(See detail in note of page 5 of 7)

Project Unit
135355

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Serial
Number

Rev.

Discipline
01

Type
REP

009

00

Page

1
2

DETAILED CALCULATION PSV-402

HP SEPARATOR INVENTORY CALCULATION

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Dimension of HP Separator are given in the datasheet:

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Assume liquid volume contains HP Separator estimatly equals fluid volume from bottom to HLSD.

Therefore, the liquid level shall be

2.90

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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With the dimension of HP Separator as below:

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Length T/T:

12.000

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation repor

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ID:

4.500

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation repor

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And the volumes and area of HP Separator is flowing:

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Total liquid volume

144.380

m3

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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Total volume

214.708

m3

(refer to Process Equipment sizing calculation report)

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Total wetted area

114.014

m2

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% liquid volume

67.2

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Heat input (from equation 6 of API 521)

2099.854

kW

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Q is the total heat absorption (input) to the wetted surface, expressed in W (Btu/h);

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C1 = 43200

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F is an environment factor = 1

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Aws is the total wetted surface, =

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114.014

m2

Rev.

Revision
Date
Originator
Checked by
Approved by

CALCULATION NOTE

Code

Project Unit
135355

Code

00

Type
REP

009

1
2

DETAILED CALCULATION PSV-402

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE CALCULATION

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Latent heat
Heat input

2099.9

1%

kW

7,559,472.93 kJ/hr

2%

5%

Max Gas production (Case 07) 308.5 420.3

0.0

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INPUT DATA

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Case (% volatile mass)

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Latent heat of vaporization

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Design Mass flow

1%

2%

5%

308.5

420.28

0.00

24506.1

17986.7

4600

4600

4240

1%

ENGLISH UNIT
2%
5%

kJ/kg

#DIV/0! kg/hr

54027

39653.9 ###### lb/hr

4600

kPag

681.87

681.87

681.87 psia

4240

4240

kPag

629.66

629.66

629.66 psia
43.51 psia

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Ves. Design pres.

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Set pressure

Ps

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Constant Back Pres.

70.0

70.0

300

kPa

10.15

10.15

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Built-up Back. Pres.

kPa

0.00

0.00

0.00 psia

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Total Back pressure

70

70

300

kPa

10.15

10.15

43.51 psia

0.21

0.21

0.21

P2

21
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Allow. Over pres.

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Max relief pressure

P1

5130.4

5130.4

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Temp. @ max relief pres. T1

190.0

190.0

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Molecular Weight

MW

40.14

43.61

29.297

40.14

43.6147 29.297

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Z factor

0.8274

0.796

0.7107

0.8274

0.79643 0.7107

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k (Cp/Cp-R)

1.084

1.074

1.0863

1.0835

1.07435 1.0863

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Coef. Of discharge

Kd

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

0.975

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Back pres. Factor

Kb

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Comb. Cor. Factor

Kc

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5130.4 kPag

0.21

0.21

758.80

758.80

758.80 psia

833.7

833.7

491.7 R

DETAIL CALCULATION RESULTS

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Critical pressure

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Downstream flow regime

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Coefficient

324.9

323.923

325.243

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Coef. Of subcritical flow F

0.036

0.035

0.119

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Area calculated

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Req. eff. discharge area

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Selected area

40

Recommended orifice

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Recommended area

Pc

CRITICAL

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0.932

1.287
830 3
830.3

Rated relieving capacity

447.78

445.85 psia

CRITICALCRITICAL

0.646

#DIV/0! in2

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446.30

74629.46
33851

45 Note: (*) PSV size will be confirmed by Vendor

in2

mm2

lb/hr

kg/hr

Page
Rev.

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Rev.

Discipline
01

Revision
Date
Originator
Checked by
Approved by

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial
Number

16.93 MMSCFD

0.21

Project Unit

Code

135355

00

Type
REP

009

Page
Rev.

PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Rev.

Discipline
01

Revision
Date
Originator
Checked by
Approved by

CALCULATION NOTE

Serial
Number

1
2

DETAILED CALCULATION PSV-402

PSV INLET / OUTLET LINE CHECKING

Max Gas production (Case 07)

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FROM
TO

Inlet

Outlet

HP Separator
PSV

PSV
FLARE

33851

33851

40.14

40.14

I. GENERAL

Mass flow

qm

Molecular Weight

MW

kg/h

190.00

173.94

11

833.67

804.76

12

463.15

447.09

0.827

0.993

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Temperature

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Compressibility average

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Secific heat ratio

k = Cp/Cv
3

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Act. Volume flow

m /h

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Viscosity

cP

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1.224

1.104

526.04

18166.36

0.0175

0.0139

Outlet vapor density

kg/m

64.351

1.863

Pressure Relief

Prelief

kPaa

5231.7

5231.7

mm

100

100

II. PIPE & FITTINGS DATA

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Pipe DN

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Pipe Schedule

40S

40

22

Pipe I.D.

mm

102.26

154.055

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Roughness

mm

0.05

0.05

10.12

2.75

m/s

17.79

270.72

20369.9

136,570.39

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Pipe length

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Velocity

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Momentum

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Reynolds number

Re

6.70E+06

5.6E+06

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Sonic velocity

311.68

318.52

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Critical Pressure at (Mach =1) Pc

292.07

145.84

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Friction factor

fm

0.017

0.015

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Mach Number

0.056

0.028

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Fittings

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44
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Ball Valve
Tee-equal
Elbow

kg/m.s

kPaa

Qty

Qty

45

20
65
20
16

D
D
D
D

0
1
0
2

0
0
2
0
0

Full bore 40 mm and smaller

65

Full bore 50 mm and larger


Flow straight through
Flow through side outlet
90, R= 1 D
45, R= 1 D

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Reducer

0.17 m

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Expander

0.12 m

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Equivalent Length of Fittings, Reducer, Expander, Pipe

24.49

11.37
6.826

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III. CALCULATIONS

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Pipe Pressure drop

kPa/1m

1.670

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Pipe and Fittings Pressure drop

kPa

40.9

77.6

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Other P

kPa

0.000

0.000

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Design Margin

20%

8.18

15.52

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Total Pressure drop

kPa

49 06
49.06

93 13
93.13

kPag

4600

4600

64
65
66
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PSV Set Pressure


Pressure Drop as % of Set Pressure
Allowable Pressure Drop as API 521 (%)

1.07

2.0

3.00

10.00

Conclusion:
Inlet pipe size of PSV: DN 100
Outlet pipe size of PSV: DN 150

Project Unit
135355

CALCULATION NOTE

Revision

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PSV-402 SIMULATION MODEL

Type
REP

Rev.

009

00

Page
Rev.

Checked by
Approved by

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Serial
Number

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PRESSURE RELIEF SIZING

Code