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adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.

14)

001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


Consider a moving object whose position x
is plotted as a function of the time t. The
object moved in different ways during the
time intervals denoted I, II and III on the
figure.
6

4
2
I

II
2

III
4

t
6

During these three intervals, when was the


objects speed highest? Do not confuse the
speed with the velocity.
1. During interval I
2. Same speed during intervals II and III
3. During interval II
4. Same speed during each of the three intervals.
5. During interval III correct
Explanation:
The velocity v is the slope of the x(t) curve;
the magnitude v = |v| of this slope is the
speed. The curve is steepest (in absolute
magnitude) during the interval III and that is
when the object had the highest speed.

3. During none of the three intervals


4. During each of the three intervals correct
5. During interval III only
Explanation:
For each of the three intervals I, II or III, the
x(t) curve is linear, so its slope (the velocity
v) is constant. Between the intervals, the
velocity changed in an abrupt manner, but it
did remain constant during each interval.
003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Consider the following graph
Displacement vs Time
10
8
displacement (m)

This print-out should have 60 questions.


Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page find all choices
before answering.

6
4
2
0
2
4
6
8
10
0 2

4 6

8 10 12 14 16 18 20
time (s)
What is the displacement at 10 s?
1. 4 m correct
2. 2 m
3. 1 m
4. 1 m

002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


During which interval(s) did the objects velocity remain constant?

5. 2 m
6. 3 m

1. During interval II only


7. Unable to determine
2. During interval I only

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
8. 0 m

2. 80 m

9. None of these

3. 50 m

10. 3 m

4. 10 m

Explanation:
Read the displacement from the graph.

5. 70 m

004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


What is the velocity at 10 s?
1. 3 m/s

6. 100 m
7. 30 m
8. 40 m

2. Unable to determine

9. 60 m correct

3. None of these

10. 90 m

4. 4 m/s

Explanation:
In the first 30 s, Swimmer 1 has moved from
0 m to 60 m.

5. 3 m/s
6. 1 m/s

006 (part 2 of 7) 10.0 points


How far can Swimmer 2 cover in 30 seconds?

7. 0 m/s correct

1. 30 m correct

8. 2 m/s

2. 80 m

9. 1 m/s

3. 50 m

10. 2 m/s

4. 100 m

Explanation:
At 10 s, the slope is 0.

5. 10 m

005 (part 1 of 7) 10.0 points


Consider the following graph of motion.

6. 70 m
7. 40 m

80

20
0

m
im

40

er

60

Sw

Distance (m)

100

er 2

m
wim

0 10 20 30 40 50
Time (sec)

How many meters can Swimmer 1 cover in


30 seconds?

8. 20 m
9. 60 m
10. 90 m
Explanation:
In the first 30 s, Swimmer 2 has moved from
0 m to 30 m.

1. 20 m
007 (part 3 of 7) 10.0 points

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
Predict the distance Swimmer 1 can go in 60
seconds.

Explanation:
There is an increase of 10 m every 10 s, so
the distance would be 60 m.

1. 80 m
2. 70 m

009 (part 5 of 7) 10.0 points


Which swimmer has the greatest speed?

3. 50 m

1. The speeds are the same.

4. 130 m

2. Swimmer 2

5. 40 m

3. Unable to determine.

6. 120 m correct

4. Swimmer 1 correct

7. 100 m
8. 60 m
9. 110 m
10. 90 m
Explanation:
There is an increase of 20 m every 10 s, so
the distance would be 120 m.

Explanation:
Swimmer 1 has the steeper graph, which
means the greater speed.
010 (part 6 of 7) 10.0 points
What is the speed of Swimmer 1?
1. 3 m/s
2. 5 m/s
3. 6 m/s

008 (part 4 of 7) 10.0 points


Predict the distance Swimmer 2 can go in 60
seconds.

4. 2 m/s correct
5. None of these

1. 50 m
6. 7 m/s
2. 60 m correct
7. 8 m/s
3. 120 m
8. 1 m/s
4. 100 m
9. 4 m/s
5. 80 m

Explanation:

6. 130 m
7. 70 m

speed =

40 m
distance
=
= 2 m/s .
time
20 s

8. 110 m
9. 40 m
10. 90 m

011 (part 7 of 7) 10.0 points


What is the speed of Swimmer 2?
1. 8 m/s

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
2. 4 m/s

014 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


Consider a position-time graph.
The position is to be graphed

3. 1 m/s correct
4. None of these

1. along either axis you choose.

5. 5 m/s

2. along the vertical axis. correct

6. 6 m/s

3. along the horizontal axis.


Explanation:
The position is on the vertical axis and the
time on the horizontal axis.

7. 3 m/s
8. 7 m/s

015 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


The slope of the graph is

9. 2 m/s
Explanation:

1. the speed.
speed =

distance
20 m
=
= 1 m/s .
time
20 s

012 10.0 points


The distance traveled by an object per unit
time is called

2. the velocity. correct


3. the displacement.
4. the acceleration.
Explanation:

1. velocity.

slope =

2. acceleration.
3. speed. correct

016 10.0 points


The plot shows x(t) for a train moving along
a long, straight track.
x

4. momentum.
Explanation:
speed =
013

position
= velocity
time

distance
.
time

10.0 points

Velocity is
1. the same as momentum.

2. the same as speed.


3. the same as acceleration.
4. speed in a specific direction. correct
Explanation:

Which statement is correct about the motion?


1. The train moves at constant velocity.

2. The train in fact moves at constant speed


along a circular path described by the x(t)
curve.
3. The train continually speeds up.

velocity (m/s)

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

5. The train at first slows down, then speeds


up.
6. The train continually slows down and
comes to rest. correct

bb

3
2

1
0 bb

1
4. The train at first speeds up, then slows
down.

4 5
time (s)

b
6 7

9
b

The position at 2 seconds is 10 meters plus


the area of the triangle (shaded in the above
plot)
1
x = 10 m + (2 s 0 s)
2
(3 m/s 0 m/s)
= 13 m ;

Explanation:
The slope of x(t) continually decreases to
dx
x
reach zero. Since vx (t) =

is by
dt
t
definition the slope of x(t) at each t, the train
continually slows down until it stops.

velocity (m/s)

017 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points


Consider the plot below describing motion
along a straight line with an initial position of
x0 = 10 m.

2
1

0 b

1
2

018 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points


What is the position at 6 seconds?
Correct answer: 21 m.

however, it can also be calculated:


1
x = xi + vi (tf ti ) + (tf ti )2
2
= (10 m) + (0 m/s) (2 s 0 s)
1
+ (1.5 m/s2 ) (2 s 0 s)2
2
= 13 m .

4 5 6 7
time (s)
What is the position at 2 seconds?

b
9

Correct answer: 13 m.

Explanation:
The initial position given in the problem is
10 m.

Explanation:
The position is 13 m plus the area of the
trapezoid from 2 s to 6 s
1
x = 13 m + (6 s 2 s)
2
(1 m/s + 3 m/s)
= 21 m ;
however, it can also be calculated:
1
x = xi + vi (tf ti ) + (tf ti )2
2
= (13 m) + (3 m/s) (6 s 2 s)
1
+ (0.5 m/s2 ) (6 s 2 s)2
2
= 21 m .
019 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
What is the position at 8 seconds?

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
Correct answer: 19.6667 m.

1
(8 s 6 s)
2
(1.33333 m/s 0 m/s)

x = (21 m) +

= 19.6667 m ;
however, it can also be calculated
1
(tf ti )2
2
= 21 m + (0 m/s) (8 s 6 s)
1
+ (0.666667 m/s2 ) (8 s 6 s)2
2
= 19.6667 m .

x = xi + vi (tf ti ) +

v = v0 + a2 t
= 4.19 m/s + (1.39 m/s2 ) (3.85 s)
= 1.1615 m/s ,
which has a magnitude of 1.1615 m/s .
022 10.0 points
A car, moving along a straight stretch of highway, begins to accelerate at 0.0142 m/s2 . It
takes the car 27.2 s to cover 1 km.
How fast was the car going when it first
began to accelerate?
Correct answer: 36.5716 m/s.
Explanation:

020 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


The initial speed of a body is 4.19 m/s.
What is its speed after 3.85 s if it accelerates
uniformly at 1.39 m/s2 ?
Correct answer: 9.5415 m/s.

1 2
at
2

d 1
at
t
2
1 km
1
=
(0.0142 m/s2 ) (27.2 s)
27.2 s 2
= 36.5716 m/s .

v0 =
v0 = 4.19 m/s
a1 = 1.39 m/s2 ,
t = 3.85 s .

and

v = v0 + a1 t ,
= 4.19 m/s + (1.39 m/s2 ) (3.85 s)
= 9.5415 m/s .

021 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


What is its speed after 3.85 s if it accelerates
uniformly at 1.39 m/s2 ?
Correct answer: 1.1615 m/s.
Explanation:

Let : a = 0.0142 m/s2 ,


t = 27.2 s , and
d = 1 km .
d = v0 t +

Explanation:
Let :

a2 = 1.39 m/s2 .

Let :

Explanation:
The position is 21 m minus the area of the
triangle from 6 s to 8 s

023 10.0 points


If the acceleration of an object is zero at some
instant in time, what can be said about its
velocity at that time?
1. It is positive.
2. It is not changing at that time. correct
3. Unable to determine.
4. It is negative.
5. It is zero.

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
Explanation:
The acceleration
a=

1. 9.8 m/s2 correct


v
=0
t
v = 0 .

2. greater than 9.8 m/s2 .


3. less than 9.8 m/s2 .

024 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


A plane cruising at 269 m/s accelerates at
13 m/s2 for 8.7 s.
What is its final velocity?
Correct answer: 382.1 m/s.
Explanation:
Let :

v = 269 m/s ,
a = 13 m/s2 ,
t = 8.7 s .

and

4. Unable to determine.
Explanation:
The acceleration due to the gravity is independent of any initial velocity and remains
constant.
027 10.0 points
An object is released from rest on a planet
that has no atmosphere. The object falls
freely for 4.55 m in the first second.
What is the magnitude of the acceleration
due to gravity on the planet?
Correct answer: 9.1 m/s2 .

v = v0 + a t
= 269 m/s + (13 m/s2 ) (8.7 s)

Explanation:
Let :

= 382.1 m/s .
025 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
How far will it have traveled in that time?
Correct answer: 2832.28 m.

s = 4.55 m .

1 2
at
2
2 (4.55 m)
2s
= 9.1 m/s2 .
a= 2 =
t
(1 s)2
s=

Explanation:
1
sf = so + v0 t + a t2
2
1 2
= vt+ at
2
= (269 m/s) (8.7 s) +

1
(13 m/s2 ) (8.7 s)2
2

= 2832.28 m .
026 10.0 points
If you drop an object, it will accelerate downward at a rate of g = 9.8 m/s2 .
If you throw it downward instead, its acceleration (in the absence of air resistance) will
be

028 10.0 points


A bullet is dropped into a river from a very
high bridge. At the same time another bullet
is fired from a rifle aimed straight down at the
river.
Neglecting air resistance, how do the accelerations of the bullets compare just before
they hit the water?
1. The bullet fired from the rifle does not
accelerate after leaving the barrel.
2. They are the same. correct
3. Acceleration is greatest for the bullet
dropped from rest.

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

and the new position of the pelican is


4. Acceleration is greatest for the bullet fired
from the rifle.
5. We cant answer unless we know how high
the bridge is.
6. We cant answer unless we know how long
it takes each bullet to hit the water.

xp = vavg t = (0.52 m/s)(3.5 s)


= 1.82 m ,
so the distance between the fish and the pelican is

Explanation:
Both bullets are freely falling and so if air
resistance is negligible they both accelerate
downward at 10 m/s2 .

xp xf = 1.82 m (58.2662 m)

029 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


A small fish is dropped by a pelican that is
rising steadily at 0.52 m/s.
After 3.5 s, what is the velocity of the fish?
The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .

031 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points


A ball of mass 0.6 kg, initially at rest, is
kicked directly toward a fence from a point
20 m away, as shown below.
The velocity of the ball as it leaves the
kickers foot is 17 m/s at angle of 45 above
the horizontal. The top of the fence is 6 m
high. The ball hits nothing while in flight and
air resistance is negligible.
The acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

Correct answer: 33.815 m/s.


Explanation:
Let :

vi = 0.52 m/s ,
a = 9.81 m/s2 ,
t = 3.5 s .

= 60.0862 m .

and

17
b

m
b

/s
b

The velocity of the fish is

6m

45

20 m

vf = vi + a t
2

= 0.52 m/s + (9.81 m/s )(3.5 s)


= 33.815 m/s .

Determine the time it takes for the ball to


reach the plane of the fence.
Correct answer: 1.66378 s.

030 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


How far below the pelican is the fish after the
3.5 s?
Correct answer: 60.0862 m.
Explanation:
The new position of the fish is
vi + vf
t
2
0.52 m/s33.815 m/s
(3.5 s)
=
2
= 58.2662 m

Explanation:

Let :

= 45 and
d = 20 m .

The horizontal component of the velocity is


constant, so

xf = vavg t =

vhoriz = v0 cos
= (17 m/s) cos 45
= 12.0208 m/s .

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
The horizontal motion defines the time of
flight:

Thus the the vertical component of the velocity when the ball reaches the plane of the
fence is

vhoriz t = d
t=

vvert = v0 sin g t
= (17 m/s) sin 45
(9.8 m/s2 ) (1.66378 s)

vhoriz
20 m
=
12.0208 m/s

032 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points


How far above the top of fence will the ball
pass? Consider the diameter of the ball to be
negligible.
Correct answer: 0.435986 m.
Explanation:
The vertical component of the initial velocity is
vvert = v0 sin
= (17 m/s) sin 45
= 12.0208 m/s .
The height of the ball during its flight is
given by
1
g t2
2
= (12.0208 m/s) (1.66378 s)
1
(9.8 m/s2 ) (1.66378 s)2
2
= 6.43599 m .

y = vvert t

= 4.28424 m/s .
This is verified by analyzing the graph below
Vertical Velocity vs Time
25
Vertical Component of Velocity (m/s)

= 1.66378 s .

20
15
10
5
0
5
10
15
20
25
0

0.5

1.0
1.5
Time (s)

2.0

Vertical
Velocity

Horizontal
Velocity

Vertical
Acceleration

1.

2.

vh

033 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points


What is the vertical component of the velocity
when the ball reaches the plane of the fence?

3.

vv

vh

4.

vv

Correct answer: 4.28424 m/s.

5.

vh

Explanation:

2.5

034 10.0 points


The velocity of a projectile at launch has a
horizontal component vh and a vertical component vv . When the projectile is at the highest point of its trajectory, identify the vertical
and the horizontal components of its velocity
and the vertical component of its acceleration.
Consider air resistance to be negligible.

Therefore, the distance that the ball passes


above the fence is
y = (6.43599 m) (6 m) = 0.435986 m .

Explanation:

g correct

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

10

The only force on the projectile is the gravitational force, which gives the projectile a
constant vertical acceleration of magnitude g.
There is no acceleration in the horizontal
direction, which means at the highest point,
the horizontal component of the velocity is
the same as the initial value vh .
One other obvious thing: the vertical component of the velocity is zero at the highest
point.

ground 70 m horizontally from the point of


release.
What is the speed of the ball just before it
strikes the ground?

035 10.0 points


A brick is thrown upward from the top of a
building at an angle of 22.8 above the horizontal and with an initial speed of 14.3 m/s.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
If the brick is in flight for 3.2 s, how tall is
the building?

vy = vy0 g t

Correct answer: 32.4433 m.


Explanation:
Basic Concept
The height of the building is determined by
the vertical motion with gravity acting down
and an initial velocity acting upward:
y = y0 + v0y t

1 2
gt
2

Solution
Choose the origin at the base of the building. The initial position of the brick is y0 = h,
the vertical component of the initial velocity
is v0y = v0 sin directed upward, and y = 0
when the brick reaches the ground, so
0 = h + v0y t

1 2
gt
2

Correct answer: 48.7265 m/s.


Explanation:
Basic Concepts:
vx = vx0 = constant

x = vx0 t
1
y = vy0 t g t2
2
Solution:
The vertical speed of the ball just before it
strikes the ground is
p
vy = 2 g h
the flight time is

t=

2h
g

so the horizontal speed of the ball is


r
x
g
vx = = x
t
2h
then the total speed just before it strikes the
ground is given by
r
4.9x2
+ 19.6h
v=
h
where weve used g = 9.8 m/s2 .

1 2
gt
2
= (5.54148 m/s) (3.2 s)

1
+
9.8 m/s2 (3.2 s)2
2
= 32.4433 m .

h = v0y t +

036 10.0 points


A ball is thrown horizontally from the top of
a building 110 m high. The ball strikes the

037 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


Tom the cat is chasing Jerry the mouse across
a table surface 0.7 m off the floor. Jerry steps
out of the way at the last second, and Tom
slides off the edge of the table at a speed of
3.6 m/s.
Where will Tom strike the floor? The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
Correct answer: 1.36067 m.

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

11

Explanation:
039 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Let :

vix = 3.6 m/s ,


viy = 0 m/s , and
y = 0.7 m .

A book is at rest on an incline as shown


below. A hand, in contact with the top of
the book, produces a constant force Fhand
vertically downward.

His vertical motion defines the time. Since


viy = 0 m/s,

Fhand

The horizontal distance moved during this


time is
x = vix t = (3.6 m/s)(0.377964 s)
= 1.36067 m .
038 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
What speed will Tom have just before he hits?

B
oo
k

1
1
y = viy t g t2 = g t2
2 s
2
r
2y
2(0.7 m)
t=
=
g
(9.8 m/s2 )
= 0.377964 s .

The following figures show several attempts


at drawing free-body diagrams for the book.
Which figure has the correct directions for
each force? The magnitudes of the forces are
not necessarily drawn to scale.

1.

Correct answer: 5.16527 m/s.


Explanation:
The horizontal component of velocity does
not change during the flight, so Tom strikes
the floor with a horizontal component of velocity of

normal
force

2.

vx = vix = 3.6 m/s .

so his total speed is


q
v = vx2 + vy2
q
= (3.6 m/s)2 + (3.70405 m/s)2
= 5.16527 m/s .

weight

friction
force

normal
weight

The vertical component of his velocity is


vy = viy g t = g t

= 9.8 m/s2 (0.377964 s)
= 3.70405 m/s ,

friction

3.

force
weight

friction
normal

correct

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

12

1. the component of Fhand pointing perpendicular to the surface of the incline


4.

normal

force

friction

2. the normal force exerted on the wedge by


the book correct

weight
3. the component of gravity pointing parallel
to the surface of the incline
5.

friction
force

6.

weight

normal
weight

friction

force
normal

7.

force

normal

friction
weight

8.

force
normal

friction

4. the pull of the earth on the book


5. the sum of the component of gravity perpendicular to the surface of the incline and
the component of Fhand perpendicular to the
surface of the incline
6. the pull of the book on the earth
7. the component of gravity pointing perpendicular to the surface of the incline
Explanation:
The force that completes the third law pair
with the normal force of the wedge on the
book is the normal force of the book on the
wedge.
The the sum of the component of gravity
perpendicular to the surface of the incline
and the component of Fhand perpendicular
to the surface of the incline is equal and
opposite to the normal force, but it is not a
action-reaction pair; e.g., two forces equal and
opposite to each other.

weight
041 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Four forces act on an object.

Explanation:
The normal force points perpendicular to
the surface of the inclined plane. The weight
force points down. The Fhand also points
down. The friction force keeps the book from
sliding and consequently points up the incline.
040 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
For the normal force exerted on the book
by the wedge in the diagram, which force(s)
complete(s) the force pair for Newtons third
law (action-reaction)?

F1

F3

F4

F2
If the object is accelerating to the right,
compare the forces.
1. F1 = F2 , F3 > F4

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

13

2. F1 > F2 , F3 < F4
6. 53.3333 N
3. F1 < F2 , F3 < F4
4. F1 = F2 , F3 < F4 correct
5. F1 = F2 , F3 = F4
Explanation:
The object is not accelerating up or down,
so F1 = F2 . The object is accelerating to the
right so F4 is greater than F3 .
042 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
If the object is accelerating upward and to
the right, compare F1 to F2 and F3 to F4 .
1. F1 = F2 , F3 = F4
2. F1 = F2 , F3 < F4
3. F1 = F2 , F3 > F4
4. F1 > F2 , F3 < F4 correct

Explanation:
F1 > F2 causes acceleration upward and
F4 > F3 causes acceleration to the right.
043 10.0 points
Consider the following system, where F =
80 N, m = 2 kg, and M = 4 kg
M

2. None of these
3. 40 N
4. 26.6667 N correct
5. 160 N

so for the leftmost box


Fcontact
F Fcontact = M a = M
m
m
F
Fcontact =
M +m
2 kg
=
80 N = 26.6667 N
4 kg + 2 kg

A skier of mass 51.4 kg comes down a slope


of constant angle 32 with the horizontal.
What is the force on the skier parallel to the
slope? The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
Correct answer: 266.931 N.
Explanation:

What is the magnitude of the force with


which one block acts on the other?
1. 80 N

Fcontact = m a
Fcontact
a=
,
m

044 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

5. F1 < F2 , F3 < F4

Explanation:
Let Fcontact be the magnitude of the force of
each box pushing on the other (by Newtons
third law), and let right be positive.
The contact force supplies the acceleration
on the rightmost box:

The weight of the skier acting vertically


downward can be split into two components.
The sine component acts along the slope.
Wparallel = W sin = m g sin
= (51.4 kg) (9.8 m/s2 ) sin 32
= 266.931 N.
045 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
What force normal to the slope is exerted by
the skis?
Correct answer: 427.179 N.
Explanation:
The cosine component acts perpendicular
to the slope.

14

048 10.0 points


A 3.6 kg object hangs at one end of a rope that
is attached to a support on a railroad boxcar.
When the car accelerates to the right, the
rope makes an angle of 18 with the vertical
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

= (51.4 kg) (9.8 m/s2 ) cos 32


= 427.179 N.

18

Wnormal = W cos = m g cos


a

3.6 kg

046 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


An elevator accelerates upward at 1.2 m/s2 .
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
What is the upward force exerted by the
floor of the elevator on a(n) 86 kg passenger?

Find the acceleration of the car. (Hint:


~aobject = ~acar )

Correct answer: 946 N.

Correct answer: 3.18421 m/s2 .

Explanation:

Explanation:
a

Given :

m = 3.6 kg ,
= 18 , and
g = 9.8 m/s2 .

N mg

When the elevator is accelerating upward,


Fnet = m a = N m g
N = m a + m g.

T cos

T sin
mg

047 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


If the same elevator accelerates downwards
with an acceleration of 1.2 m/s2 , what is the
upward force exerted by the elevator floor on
the passenger?

Vertically
X
Fy = T cos m g = 0
T cos = m g .

Horizontally,
X
Fx = T sin = m a .

Correct answer: 739.6 N.


Explanation:

Dividing Eqs 1 and 2, we have

N mg

When the elevator is accelerating downward,


Fnet = m a = m g N2
N2 = m g m a.

a
T sin
=
T cos
g
a
tan =
g
a = g tan

= 9.8 m/s2 tan 18
= 3.18421 m/s2 .

(1)
(2)

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

15

so
049 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
Three masses are connected by light strings
as shown in the figure.


m1 + m2 + m3
a=
g
m1 + m2 + m3


2.46 kg + 9.15 kg + 4.29 kg
=
2.46 kg + 9.15 kg + 4.29 kg
(9.8 m/s2 )


= 6.76755 m/s2 .
m2

050 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points


Find the tension in the string connecting the
m1 and the m2 masses.

m1
m3

Correct answer: 40.7562 N.

The string connecting the m1 and the m2


passes over a light frictionless pulley.
Given m1 = 2.46 kg, m2 = 9.15 kg, m3 =
4.29 kg, and g = 9.8 m/s2 . The acceleration
of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
Find the downward acceleration of m2
mass.

Explanation:
From equation (1),

Correct answer: 6.76755 m/s2 .

051 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points


Find the tension in the string connecting the
m2 and the m3 masses.

Explanation:
Consider the free body diagrams:

T1 = m1 (a + g)
= (2.46 kg) 6.76755 m/s2 + 9.8 m/s2
= 40.7562 N .

Correct answer: 13.0092 N.


Explanation:
From equation (3),
T2 = m3 (g a)

T1
m2

= (4.29 kg) 9.8 m/s2 6.76755 m/s2

T1

= 13.0092 N .
T2
a

m1

m3

Applying Newtons second law to each of


these masses we get
m1 a = T1 m1 g
m2 a = T2 + m2 g T1
m3 a = m3 g T2

052 10.0 points


As viewed by a bystander, a rider in a
barrel of fun at a carnival finds herself stuck
with her back to the wall.

(1)
(2)
(3)

Adding these equations yields


(m1 + m2 + m3 ) a = (m1 + m2 + m3 ) g ,

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
Which diagram correctly shows the forces
acting on her?

Explanation:

Let :
1.

16

f = 3.5 rev/s ,
R = 0.2 m .

and

correct
T =

2.

1
1
=
= 0.285714 s .
f
3.5 rev/s

054 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Calculate the speed of the ball.
Correct answer: 4.39823 m/s.
Explanation:

3.

D
2R
=
T
T
2 (0.2 m)
=
0.285714 s
= 4.39823 m/s .

v=

4.

5. None of the other choices

6.

053 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


Calculate the period of a ball tied to a string
of length 0.2 m making 3.5 revolutions every
second.
Correct answer: 0.285714 s.

10.0 points

Consider a conical pendulum, where a


string with length is attached to a mass
m. The angle between the string and the vertical is . The orbit is in the horizontal plane
with radius r and tangential velocity ~v.

Explanation:
The normal force exerted by the wall on
the rider provides the centripetal acceleration
necessary to keep her going around in a circle.
The downward force of gravity is equal and
opposite to the upward frictional force on her.
(Since this problem states that it is viewed
by a bystander, we assume that the free-body
diagrams are in an inertial frame.)

055

m
What is the correct free body diagram
showing only the forces acting on the mass?
The acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

17

mass remains in equilibrium while the puck


revolves on the surface.

1.

0.031 kg
1.4 m

2.

2.5 kg
What is the magnitude of the force that
maintains circular motion acting on the puck?
The acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .

Correct answer: 24.525 N.

3.

Explanation:
Let :

4.

correct

g = 9.81 m/s2 ,
mp = 0.031 kg ,
m = 2.5 kg , and
r = 1.4 m .
m
r

5.

mp
Explanation:
There are only two forces exerted on the
ball, the gravity and the tension on the string:

Fc = Fg = m g = (2.5 kg) (9.81 m/s2 )


= 24.525 N .
057 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
What is the linear speed of the puck?
Correct answer: 33.2803 m/s.

mg
056 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
An air puck of mass 0.031 kg is tied to a string
and allowed to revolve in a circle of radius 1.4
m on a frictionless horizontal surface. The
other end of the string passes through a hole
in the center of the surface, and a mass of
2.5 kg is tied to it, as shown. The suspended

Explanation:
v2
Fc = mp t
s
s r
Fc r
(24.525 N) (1.4 m)
vt =
=
mp
(0.031 kg)
= 33.2803 m/s .

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
058 10.0 points
If a moon on Jupiter has 1/8 the mass of the
Earth and 1/2 the Earths radius, what is the
acceleration of gravity on the planets surface?
The acceleration of gravity on Earths surface
is 10 m/s2 .
2

1. 4 m/s

Let :

18

M = 6.1 1023 kg ,
R = 3.2 106 m , and
G = 6.67259 1011 N m2 /kg2 .

Near the surface of Mars, the gravitation


force on an object of mass m is

2. 2 m/s2

F =G

3. 5 m/s2 correct

Mm
,
R2

so the acceleration of an object in free fall is


2

4. 3 m/s

a=

5. 1 m/s

Explanation:
Let :

F
m

M
R2
= (6.67259 1011 N m2 /kg2 )
6.1 1023 kg

(3.2 106 m)2

=G
1
Me ,
8
1
rm = re , and
2
ge = 10 m/s2 .

Mm =

The acceleration of gravity on a planet is


g=

GM
.
r2

Then,
G Mm
2
0.125
rm
(10 m/s2 )
gm =
ge =
G Me
(0.5)2
re2
= 5 m/s2 .

= 3.97488 m/s2 .

060 10.0 points


If you moved to a planet that has twice the
mass of the Earth and also twice the diameter,
how would your weight be affected?
1. It would be 8 times as much as it is now.
2. It would be 4 times as much as it is now.
3. It would be 2 times as much as it is now.
4. It would be the same as it is now.

059 10.0 points


The planet Mars has a mass of 6.1 1023 kg
and radius of 3.2 106 m.
What is the acceleration of an object
in free fall near the surface of Mars?
The value of the gravitational constant is
6.67259 1011 N m2 /kg2 .

1
as much as it is now.
4
1
6. It would be as much as it is now.
6
1
7. It would be
as much as it is now.
2
correct

Correct answer: 3.97488 m/s2 .

Explanation:

Explanation:

5. It would be

On the Earth, g =

G ME
.
r2

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)
On the planet, g =

G (2 ME )
1
= g , so
2
(2 r)
2

1
g
WP
m g
1
=
= 2 =
WE
mg
g
2
1
WP = WE .
2
The mass is doubled, so the direct relationship for the mass gives twice the force
(weight). The distance is also doubled, so the
inverse square relationship for the distance
1
gives the force (weight). The net result is
4
one half of the force (weight).

19