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14)

Consider a moving object whose position x

is plotted as a function of the time t. The

object moved in different ways during the

time intervals denoted I, II and III on the

figure.

6

4

2

I

II

2

III

4

t

6

objects speed highest? Do not confuse the

speed with the velocity.

1. During interval I

2. Same speed during intervals II and III

3. During interval II

4. Same speed during each of the three intervals.

5. During interval III correct

Explanation:

The velocity v is the slope of the x(t) curve;

the magnitude v = |v| of this slope is the

speed. The curve is steepest (in absolute

magnitude) during the interval III and that is

when the object had the highest speed.

4. During each of the three intervals correct

5. During interval III only

Explanation:

For each of the three intervals I, II or III, the

x(t) curve is linear, so its slope (the velocity

v) is constant. Between the intervals, the

velocity changed in an abrupt manner, but it

did remain constant during each interval.

003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Consider the following graph

Displacement vs Time

10

8

displacement (m)

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page find all choices

before answering.

6

4

2

0

2

4

6

8

10

0 2

4 6

8 10 12 14 16 18 20

time (s)

What is the displacement at 10 s?

1. 4 m correct

2. 2 m

3. 1 m

4. 1 m

During which interval(s) did the objects velocity remain constant?

5. 2 m

6. 3 m

7. Unable to determine

2. During interval I only

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

8. 0 m

2. 80 m

9. None of these

3. 50 m

10. 3 m

4. 10 m

Explanation:

Read the displacement from the graph.

5. 70 m

What is the velocity at 10 s?

1. 3 m/s

6. 100 m

7. 30 m

8. 40 m

2. Unable to determine

9. 60 m correct

3. None of these

10. 90 m

4. 4 m/s

Explanation:

In the first 30 s, Swimmer 1 has moved from

0 m to 60 m.

5. 3 m/s

6. 1 m/s

How far can Swimmer 2 cover in 30 seconds?

7. 0 m/s correct

1. 30 m correct

8. 2 m/s

2. 80 m

9. 1 m/s

3. 50 m

10. 2 m/s

4. 100 m

Explanation:

At 10 s, the slope is 0.

5. 10 m

Consider the following graph of motion.

6. 70 m

7. 40 m

80

20

0

m

im

40

er

60

Sw

Distance (m)

100

er 2

m

wim

0 10 20 30 40 50

Time (sec)

30 seconds?

8. 20 m

9. 60 m

10. 90 m

Explanation:

In the first 30 s, Swimmer 2 has moved from

0 m to 30 m.

1. 20 m

007 (part 3 of 7) 10.0 points

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

Predict the distance Swimmer 1 can go in 60

seconds.

Explanation:

There is an increase of 10 m every 10 s, so

the distance would be 60 m.

1. 80 m

2. 70 m

Which swimmer has the greatest speed?

3. 50 m

4. 130 m

2. Swimmer 2

5. 40 m

3. Unable to determine.

6. 120 m correct

4. Swimmer 1 correct

7. 100 m

8. 60 m

9. 110 m

10. 90 m

Explanation:

There is an increase of 20 m every 10 s, so

the distance would be 120 m.

Explanation:

Swimmer 1 has the steeper graph, which

means the greater speed.

010 (part 6 of 7) 10.0 points

What is the speed of Swimmer 1?

1. 3 m/s

2. 5 m/s

3. 6 m/s

Predict the distance Swimmer 2 can go in 60

seconds.

4. 2 m/s correct

5. None of these

1. 50 m

6. 7 m/s

2. 60 m correct

7. 8 m/s

3. 120 m

8. 1 m/s

4. 100 m

9. 4 m/s

5. 80 m

Explanation:

6. 130 m

7. 70 m

speed =

40 m

distance

=

= 2 m/s .

time

20 s

8. 110 m

9. 40 m

10. 90 m

What is the speed of Swimmer 2?

1. 8 m/s

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

2. 4 m/s

Consider a position-time graph.

The position is to be graphed

3. 1 m/s correct

4. None of these

5. 5 m/s

6. 6 m/s

Explanation:

The position is on the vertical axis and the

time on the horizontal axis.

7. 3 m/s

8. 7 m/s

The slope of the graph is

9. 2 m/s

Explanation:

1. the speed.

speed =

distance

20 m

=

= 1 m/s .

time

20 s

The distance traveled by an object per unit

time is called

3. the displacement.

4. the acceleration.

Explanation:

1. velocity.

slope =

2. acceleration.

3. speed. correct

The plot shows x(t) for a train moving along

a long, straight track.

x

4. momentum.

Explanation:

speed =

013

position

= velocity

time

distance

.

time

10.0 points

Velocity is

1. the same as momentum.

3. the same as acceleration.

4. speed in a specific direction. correct

Explanation:

1. The train moves at constant velocity.

along a circular path described by the x(t)

curve.

3. The train continually speeds up.

velocity (m/s)

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

up.

6. The train continually slows down and

comes to rest. correct

bb

3

2

1

0 bb

1

4. The train at first speeds up, then slows

down.

4 5

time (s)

b

6 7

9

b

the area of the triangle (shaded in the above

plot)

1

x = 10 m + (2 s 0 s)

2

(3 m/s 0 m/s)

= 13 m ;

Explanation:

The slope of x(t) continually decreases to

dx

x

reach zero. Since vx (t) =

is by

dt

t

definition the slope of x(t) at each t, the train

continually slows down until it stops.

velocity (m/s)

Consider the plot below describing motion

along a straight line with an initial position of

x0 = 10 m.

2

1

0 b

1

2

What is the position at 6 seconds?

Correct answer: 21 m.

1

x = xi + vi (tf ti ) + (tf ti )2

2

= (10 m) + (0 m/s) (2 s 0 s)

1

+ (1.5 m/s2 ) (2 s 0 s)2

2

= 13 m .

4 5 6 7

time (s)

What is the position at 2 seconds?

b

9

Correct answer: 13 m.

Explanation:

The initial position given in the problem is

10 m.

Explanation:

The position is 13 m plus the area of the

trapezoid from 2 s to 6 s

1

x = 13 m + (6 s 2 s)

2

(1 m/s + 3 m/s)

= 21 m ;

however, it can also be calculated:

1

x = xi + vi (tf ti ) + (tf ti )2

2

= (13 m) + (3 m/s) (6 s 2 s)

1

+ (0.5 m/s2 ) (6 s 2 s)2

2

= 21 m .

019 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points

What is the position at 8 seconds?

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

Correct answer: 19.6667 m.

1

(8 s 6 s)

2

(1.33333 m/s 0 m/s)

x = (21 m) +

= 19.6667 m ;

however, it can also be calculated

1

(tf ti )2

2

= 21 m + (0 m/s) (8 s 6 s)

1

+ (0.666667 m/s2 ) (8 s 6 s)2

2

= 19.6667 m .

x = xi + vi (tf ti ) +

v = v0 + a2 t

= 4.19 m/s + (1.39 m/s2 ) (3.85 s)

= 1.1615 m/s ,

which has a magnitude of 1.1615 m/s .

022 10.0 points

A car, moving along a straight stretch of highway, begins to accelerate at 0.0142 m/s2 . It

takes the car 27.2 s to cover 1 km.

How fast was the car going when it first

began to accelerate?

Correct answer: 36.5716 m/s.

Explanation:

The initial speed of a body is 4.19 m/s.

What is its speed after 3.85 s if it accelerates

uniformly at 1.39 m/s2 ?

Correct answer: 9.5415 m/s.

1 2

at

2

d 1

at

t

2

1 km

1

=

(0.0142 m/s2 ) (27.2 s)

27.2 s 2

= 36.5716 m/s .

v0 =

v0 = 4.19 m/s

a1 = 1.39 m/s2 ,

t = 3.85 s .

and

v = v0 + a1 t ,

= 4.19 m/s + (1.39 m/s2 ) (3.85 s)

= 9.5415 m/s .

What is its speed after 3.85 s if it accelerates

uniformly at 1.39 m/s2 ?

Correct answer: 1.1615 m/s.

Explanation:

t = 27.2 s , and

d = 1 km .

d = v0 t +

Explanation:

Let :

a2 = 1.39 m/s2 .

Let :

Explanation:

The position is 21 m minus the area of the

triangle from 6 s to 8 s

If the acceleration of an object is zero at some

instant in time, what can be said about its

velocity at that time?

1. It is positive.

2. It is not changing at that time. correct

3. Unable to determine.

4. It is negative.

5. It is zero.

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

Explanation:

The acceleration

a=

v

=0

t

v = 0 .

3. less than 9.8 m/s2 .

A plane cruising at 269 m/s accelerates at

13 m/s2 for 8.7 s.

What is its final velocity?

Correct answer: 382.1 m/s.

Explanation:

Let :

v = 269 m/s ,

a = 13 m/s2 ,

t = 8.7 s .

and

4. Unable to determine.

Explanation:

The acceleration due to the gravity is independent of any initial velocity and remains

constant.

027 10.0 points

An object is released from rest on a planet

that has no atmosphere. The object falls

freely for 4.55 m in the first second.

What is the magnitude of the acceleration

due to gravity on the planet?

Correct answer: 9.1 m/s2 .

v = v0 + a t

= 269 m/s + (13 m/s2 ) (8.7 s)

Explanation:

Let :

= 382.1 m/s .

025 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

How far will it have traveled in that time?

Correct answer: 2832.28 m.

s = 4.55 m .

1 2

at

2

2 (4.55 m)

2s

= 9.1 m/s2 .

a= 2 =

t

(1 s)2

s=

Explanation:

1

sf = so + v0 t + a t2

2

1 2

= vt+ at

2

= (269 m/s) (8.7 s) +

1

(13 m/s2 ) (8.7 s)2

2

= 2832.28 m .

026 10.0 points

If you drop an object, it will accelerate downward at a rate of g = 9.8 m/s2 .

If you throw it downward instead, its acceleration (in the absence of air resistance) will

be

A bullet is dropped into a river from a very

high bridge. At the same time another bullet

is fired from a rifle aimed straight down at the

river.

Neglecting air resistance, how do the accelerations of the bullets compare just before

they hit the water?

1. The bullet fired from the rifle does not

accelerate after leaving the barrel.

2. They are the same. correct

3. Acceleration is greatest for the bullet

dropped from rest.

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

4. Acceleration is greatest for the bullet fired

from the rifle.

5. We cant answer unless we know how high

the bridge is.

6. We cant answer unless we know how long

it takes each bullet to hit the water.

= 1.82 m ,

so the distance between the fish and the pelican is

Explanation:

Both bullets are freely falling and so if air

resistance is negligible they both accelerate

downward at 10 m/s2 .

xp xf = 1.82 m (58.2662 m)

A small fish is dropped by a pelican that is

rising steadily at 0.52 m/s.

After 3.5 s, what is the velocity of the fish?

The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .

A ball of mass 0.6 kg, initially at rest, is

kicked directly toward a fence from a point

20 m away, as shown below.

The velocity of the ball as it leaves the

kickers foot is 17 m/s at angle of 45 above

the horizontal. The top of the fence is 6 m

high. The ball hits nothing while in flight and

air resistance is negligible.

The acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

Explanation:

Let :

vi = 0.52 m/s ,

a = 9.81 m/s2 ,

t = 3.5 s .

= 60.0862 m .

and

17

b

m

b

/s

b

6m

45

20 m

vf = vi + a t

2

= 33.815 m/s .

reach the plane of the fence.

Correct answer: 1.66378 s.

How far below the pelican is the fish after the

3.5 s?

Correct answer: 60.0862 m.

Explanation:

The new position of the fish is

vi + vf

t

2

0.52 m/s33.815 m/s

(3.5 s)

=

2

= 58.2662 m

Explanation:

Let :

= 45 and

d = 20 m .

constant, so

xf = vavg t =

vhoriz = v0 cos

= (17 m/s) cos 45

= 12.0208 m/s .

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

The horizontal motion defines the time of

flight:

Thus the the vertical component of the velocity when the ball reaches the plane of the

fence is

vhoriz t = d

t=

vvert = v0 sin g t

= (17 m/s) sin 45

(9.8 m/s2 ) (1.66378 s)

vhoriz

20 m

=

12.0208 m/s

How far above the top of fence will the ball

pass? Consider the diameter of the ball to be

negligible.

Correct answer: 0.435986 m.

Explanation:

The vertical component of the initial velocity is

vvert = v0 sin

= (17 m/s) sin 45

= 12.0208 m/s .

The height of the ball during its flight is

given by

1

g t2

2

= (12.0208 m/s) (1.66378 s)

1

(9.8 m/s2 ) (1.66378 s)2

2

= 6.43599 m .

y = vvert t

= 4.28424 m/s .

This is verified by analyzing the graph below

Vertical Velocity vs Time

25

Vertical Component of Velocity (m/s)

= 1.66378 s .

20

15

10

5

0

5

10

15

20

25

0

0.5

1.0

1.5

Time (s)

2.0

Vertical

Velocity

Horizontal

Velocity

Vertical

Acceleration

1.

2.

vh

What is the vertical component of the velocity

when the ball reaches the plane of the fence?

3.

vv

vh

4.

vv

5.

vh

Explanation:

2.5

The velocity of a projectile at launch has a

horizontal component vh and a vertical component vv . When the projectile is at the highest point of its trajectory, identify the vertical

and the horizontal components of its velocity

and the vertical component of its acceleration.

Consider air resistance to be negligible.

above the fence is

y = (6.43599 m) (6 m) = 0.435986 m .

Explanation:

g correct

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

10

The only force on the projectile is the gravitational force, which gives the projectile a

constant vertical acceleration of magnitude g.

There is no acceleration in the horizontal

direction, which means at the highest point,

the horizontal component of the velocity is

the same as the initial value vh .

One other obvious thing: the vertical component of the velocity is zero at the highest

point.

release.

What is the speed of the ball just before it

strikes the ground?

A brick is thrown upward from the top of a

building at an angle of 22.8 above the horizontal and with an initial speed of 14.3 m/s.

The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

If the brick is in flight for 3.2 s, how tall is

the building?

vy = vy0 g t

Explanation:

Basic Concept

The height of the building is determined by

the vertical motion with gravity acting down

and an initial velocity acting upward:

y = y0 + v0y t

1 2

gt

2

Solution

Choose the origin at the base of the building. The initial position of the brick is y0 = h,

the vertical component of the initial velocity

is v0y = v0 sin directed upward, and y = 0

when the brick reaches the ground, so

0 = h + v0y t

1 2

gt

2

Explanation:

Basic Concepts:

vx = vx0 = constant

x = vx0 t

1

y = vy0 t g t2

2

Solution:

The vertical speed of the ball just before it

strikes the ground is

p

vy = 2 g h

the flight time is

t=

2h

g

r

x

g

vx = = x

t

2h

then the total speed just before it strikes the

ground is given by

r

4.9x2

+ 19.6h

v=

h

where weve used g = 9.8 m/s2 .

1 2

gt

2

= (5.54148 m/s) (3.2 s)

1

+

9.8 m/s2 (3.2 s)2

2

= 32.4433 m .

h = v0y t +

A ball is thrown horizontally from the top of

a building 110 m high. The ball strikes the

Tom the cat is chasing Jerry the mouse across

a table surface 0.7 m off the floor. Jerry steps

out of the way at the last second, and Tom

slides off the edge of the table at a speed of

3.6 m/s.

Where will Tom strike the floor? The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

Correct answer: 1.36067 m.

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

11

Explanation:

039 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Let :

viy = 0 m/s , and

y = 0.7 m .

below. A hand, in contact with the top of

the book, produces a constant force Fhand

vertically downward.

viy = 0 m/s,

Fhand

time is

x = vix t = (3.6 m/s)(0.377964 s)

= 1.36067 m .

038 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

What speed will Tom have just before he hits?

B

oo

k

1

1

y = viy t g t2 = g t2

2 s

2

r

2y

2(0.7 m)

t=

=

g

(9.8 m/s2 )

= 0.377964 s .

at drawing free-body diagrams for the book.

Which figure has the correct directions for

each force? The magnitudes of the forces are

not necessarily drawn to scale.

1.

Explanation:

The horizontal component of velocity does

not change during the flight, so Tom strikes

the floor with a horizontal component of velocity of

normal

force

2.

q

v = vx2 + vy2

q

= (3.6 m/s)2 + (3.70405 m/s)2

= 5.16527 m/s .

weight

friction

force

normal

weight

vy = viy g t = g t

= 9.8 m/s2 (0.377964 s)

= 3.70405 m/s ,

friction

3.

force

weight

friction

normal

correct

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

12

4.

normal

force

friction

the book correct

weight

3. the component of gravity pointing parallel

to the surface of the incline

5.

friction

force

6.

weight

normal

weight

friction

force

normal

7.

force

normal

friction

weight

8.

force

normal

friction

5. the sum of the component of gravity perpendicular to the surface of the incline and

the component of Fhand perpendicular to the

surface of the incline

6. the pull of the book on the earth

7. the component of gravity pointing perpendicular to the surface of the incline

Explanation:

The force that completes the third law pair

with the normal force of the wedge on the

book is the normal force of the book on the

wedge.

The the sum of the component of gravity

perpendicular to the surface of the incline

and the component of Fhand perpendicular

to the surface of the incline is equal and

opposite to the normal force, but it is not a

action-reaction pair; e.g., two forces equal and

opposite to each other.

weight

041 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Four forces act on an object.

Explanation:

The normal force points perpendicular to

the surface of the inclined plane. The weight

force points down. The Fhand also points

down. The friction force keeps the book from

sliding and consequently points up the incline.

040 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

For the normal force exerted on the book

by the wedge in the diagram, which force(s)

complete(s) the force pair for Newtons third

law (action-reaction)?

F1

F3

F4

F2

If the object is accelerating to the right,

compare the forces.

1. F1 = F2 , F3 > F4

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

13

2. F1 > F2 , F3 < F4

6. 53.3333 N

3. F1 < F2 , F3 < F4

4. F1 = F2 , F3 < F4 correct

5. F1 = F2 , F3 = F4

Explanation:

The object is not accelerating up or down,

so F1 = F2 . The object is accelerating to the

right so F4 is greater than F3 .

042 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

If the object is accelerating upward and to

the right, compare F1 to F2 and F3 to F4 .

1. F1 = F2 , F3 = F4

2. F1 = F2 , F3 < F4

3. F1 = F2 , F3 > F4

4. F1 > F2 , F3 < F4 correct

Explanation:

F1 > F2 causes acceleration upward and

F4 > F3 causes acceleration to the right.

043 10.0 points

Consider the following system, where F =

80 N, m = 2 kg, and M = 4 kg

M

2. None of these

3. 40 N

4. 26.6667 N correct

5. 160 N

Fcontact

F Fcontact = M a = M

m

m

F

Fcontact =

M +m

2 kg

=

80 N = 26.6667 N

4 kg + 2 kg

of constant angle 32 with the horizontal.

What is the force on the skier parallel to the

slope? The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

Correct answer: 266.931 N.

Explanation:

which one block acts on the other?

1. 80 N

Fcontact = m a

Fcontact

a=

,

m

5. F1 < F2 , F3 < F4

Explanation:

Let Fcontact be the magnitude of the force of

each box pushing on the other (by Newtons

third law), and let right be positive.

The contact force supplies the acceleration

on the rightmost box:

downward can be split into two components.

The sine component acts along the slope.

Wparallel = W sin = m g sin

= (51.4 kg) (9.8 m/s2 ) sin 32

= 266.931 N.

045 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

What force normal to the slope is exerted by

the skis?

Correct answer: 427.179 N.

Explanation:

The cosine component acts perpendicular

to the slope.

14

A 3.6 kg object hangs at one end of a rope that

is attached to a support on a railroad boxcar.

When the car accelerates to the right, the

rope makes an angle of 18 with the vertical

The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

= 427.179 N.

18

a

3.6 kg

An elevator accelerates upward at 1.2 m/s2 .

The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

What is the upward force exerted by the

floor of the elevator on a(n) 86 kg passenger?

~aobject = ~acar )

Explanation:

Explanation:

a

Given :

m = 3.6 kg ,

= 18 , and

g = 9.8 m/s2 .

N mg

Fnet = m a = N m g

N = m a + m g.

T cos

T sin

mg

If the same elevator accelerates downwards

with an acceleration of 1.2 m/s2 , what is the

upward force exerted by the elevator floor on

the passenger?

Vertically

X

Fy = T cos m g = 0

T cos = m g .

Horizontally,

X

Fx = T sin = m a .

Explanation:

N mg

Fnet = m a = m g N2

N2 = m g m a.

a

T sin

=

T cos

g

a

tan =

g

a = g tan

= 9.8 m/s2 tan 18

= 3.18421 m/s2 .

(1)

(2)

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

15

so

049 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points

Three masses are connected by light strings

as shown in the figure.

m1 + m2 + m3

a=

g

m1 + m2 + m3

2.46 kg + 9.15 kg + 4.29 kg

=

2.46 kg + 9.15 kg + 4.29 kg

(9.8 m/s2 )

= 6.76755 m/s2 .

m2

Find the tension in the string connecting the

m1 and the m2 masses.

m1

m3

passes over a light frictionless pulley.

Given m1 = 2.46 kg, m2 = 9.15 kg, m3 =

4.29 kg, and g = 9.8 m/s2 . The acceleration

of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

Find the downward acceleration of m2

mass.

Explanation:

From equation (1),

Find the tension in the string connecting the

m2 and the m3 masses.

Explanation:

Consider the free body diagrams:

T1 = m1 (a + g)

= (2.46 kg) 6.76755 m/s2 + 9.8 m/s2

= 40.7562 N .

Explanation:

From equation (3),

T2 = m3 (g a)

T1

m2

T1

= 13.0092 N .

T2

a

m1

m3

these masses we get

m1 a = T1 m1 g

m2 a = T2 + m2 g T1

m3 a = m3 g T2

As viewed by a bystander, a rider in a

barrel of fun at a carnival finds herself stuck

with her back to the wall.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(m1 + m2 + m3 ) a = (m1 + m2 + m3 ) g ,

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

Which diagram correctly shows the forces

acting on her?

Explanation:

Let :

1.

16

f = 3.5 rev/s ,

R = 0.2 m .

and

correct

T =

2.

1

1

=

= 0.285714 s .

f

3.5 rev/s

Calculate the speed of the ball.

Correct answer: 4.39823 m/s.

Explanation:

3.

D

2R

=

T

T

2 (0.2 m)

=

0.285714 s

= 4.39823 m/s .

v=

4.

6.

Calculate the period of a ball tied to a string

of length 0.2 m making 3.5 revolutions every

second.

Correct answer: 0.285714 s.

10.0 points

string with length is attached to a mass

m. The angle between the string and the vertical is . The orbit is in the horizontal plane

with radius r and tangential velocity ~v.

Explanation:

The normal force exerted by the wall on

the rider provides the centripetal acceleration

necessary to keep her going around in a circle.

The downward force of gravity is equal and

opposite to the upward frictional force on her.

(Since this problem states that it is viewed

by a bystander, we assume that the free-body

diagrams are in an inertial frame.)

055

m

What is the correct free body diagram

showing only the forces acting on the mass?

The acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

17

revolves on the surface.

1.

0.031 kg

1.4 m

2.

2.5 kg

What is the magnitude of the force that

maintains circular motion acting on the puck?

The acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .

3.

Explanation:

Let :

4.

correct

g = 9.81 m/s2 ,

mp = 0.031 kg ,

m = 2.5 kg , and

r = 1.4 m .

m

r

5.

mp

Explanation:

There are only two forces exerted on the

ball, the gravity and the tension on the string:

= 24.525 N .

057 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

What is the linear speed of the puck?

Correct answer: 33.2803 m/s.

mg

056 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

An air puck of mass 0.031 kg is tied to a string

and allowed to revolve in a circle of radius 1.4

m on a frictionless horizontal surface. The

other end of the string passes through a hole

in the center of the surface, and a mass of

2.5 kg is tied to it, as shown. The suspended

Explanation:

v2

Fc = mp t

s

s r

Fc r

(24.525 N) (1.4 m)

vt =

=

mp

(0.031 kg)

= 33.2803 m/s .

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

058 10.0 points

If a moon on Jupiter has 1/8 the mass of the

Earth and 1/2 the Earths radius, what is the

acceleration of gravity on the planets surface?

The acceleration of gravity on Earths surface

is 10 m/s2 .

2

1. 4 m/s

Let :

18

M = 6.1 1023 kg ,

R = 3.2 106 m , and

G = 6.67259 1011 N m2 /kg2 .

force on an object of mass m is

2. 2 m/s2

F =G

3. 5 m/s2 correct

Mm

,

R2

2

4. 3 m/s

a=

5. 1 m/s

Explanation:

Let :

F

m

M

R2

= (6.67259 1011 N m2 /kg2 )

6.1 1023 kg

=G

1

Me ,

8

1

rm = re , and

2

ge = 10 m/s2 .

Mm =

g=

GM

.

r2

Then,

G Mm

2

0.125

rm

(10 m/s2 )

gm =

ge =

G Me

(0.5)2

re2

= 5 m/s2 .

= 3.97488 m/s2 .

If you moved to a planet that has twice the

mass of the Earth and also twice the diameter,

how would your weight be affected?

1. It would be 8 times as much as it is now.

2. It would be 4 times as much as it is now.

3. It would be 2 times as much as it is now.

4. It would be the same as it is now.

The planet Mars has a mass of 6.1 1023 kg

and radius of 3.2 106 m.

What is the acceleration of an object

in free fall near the surface of Mars?

The value of the gravitational constant is

6.67259 1011 N m2 /kg2 .

1

as much as it is now.

4

1

6. It would be as much as it is now.

6

1

7. It would be

as much as it is now.

2

correct

Explanation:

Explanation:

5. It would be

On the Earth, g =

G ME

.

r2

adame (eia275) 14. Semester Exam Review: Fall 2015 fackrell (3.14)

On the planet, g =

G (2 ME )

1

= g , so

2

(2 r)

2

1

g

WP

m g

1

=

= 2 =

WE

mg

g

2

1

WP = WE .

2

The mass is doubled, so the direct relationship for the mass gives twice the force

(weight). The distance is also doubled, so the

inverse square relationship for the distance

1

gives the force (weight). The net result is

4

one half of the force (weight).

19

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