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PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN KEBUMEN

DINAS PENDIDIKAN PEMUDA DAN OLAH RAGA

SMA NEGERI 1 KEBUMEN


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FINAL TEST OF 2st SEMESTER


ACADEMIC YEAR 2010/2011
Subject
Year
Day, Date
Time Allocation

:
:
:
:

Chemistry
XI EXACT
Tuesday, May 31th 2011
07.30 -09.30 (120 minutes)

I. Multiple Choise
Choose the correct answer in the following questions by give cross symbol (X)
on the alphabet a, b, c, d or e in the answer sheet!
1. Which substance can be classified as strong acid?
A. Hydrogen bromide, hydrogen chloride and ethanoic acid
B. Hydrogen chloride, ethanoic acid and formic acid
C. Hydrogen floride, hydrogen chloride and hydrogen iodide
D. Amonium chloride, perchloric acid and ethanoic acid
E. Hydrogen chloride, hydrogen bromide and hydrogen iodide
2. Couple of acid and base conjugate from reaction bellow is.

HSO3- + H2O

H3O+ + SO32-

A. HSO3- and H3O+


B. HSO3- and SO32C. HSO3- and H2O
D. H2O and SO32E. H3O+ and SO323. Concentration of hydrogen ion found in 250 mL of HCN 0.15 M solution is
(Ka= 5x10-10)
A. 8.0 x 10-6 M
B. 8.7 x 10-6 M
C. 6.5 x 10-6 M
D. 8.7 x 10-7 M
E. 4.0 x 10-7 M
4. A weak base 0.01 M solution has pH=9. Ionization degree of the base is
A. 0.005
B. 0.01
C. 0.001
D. 0.05
E. 0.1
5. Pada reaksi gas karbon dioksida dengan air kapur diperoleh reaksi :
CO2(g) + Ca(OH)2(aq) CaCO3(s) + H2O(l)
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Volume gas CO2 pada (STP) yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan kalsium karbonat
sebanyak 25 gram adalah ... . (Ar C=12, O=16, Ca=40, H=1)
A. 2,8 liter
B. 5,6 liter
C. 8,4 liter
D. 28 liter
E. 36 liter
6. 100 mL silver nitrate 0.1 M with 100 mL calcium chloride 0.2 M produces silver
chloride solid. Mass of silver chloride solid is. (Ar Ag = 108 and Cl = 35.5)
A. 2.87 gram
B. 5.74 gram
C. 1.435 gram
D. 14.35 gram
E. 28.7 gram
7. Reaksi ion bersih dari reaksi larutan natrium karbonat dengan asam sulfat adalah
A. Na+(aq) + CO32-(aq) + 2H+(aq)
Na2SO4(aq) + CO2(g)
B. CO32-(aq) + 2H+(aq)
CO2(g) + H2O(l)
C. CO32-(aq) + H2SO4(aq)
H2O(g) + CO2(g) + SO42-(aq)
D. Na2CO3(aq) + 2H+(aq)
Na+(aq) + CO32-(aq) + H2O(l)
E. Na2SO4(aq) + H2CO3(aq)
Na2SO4(aq) + H2CO3(aq)
8.

Dalam sebuah eksperimen disusun zat-zat sebagai berikut : belerang trioksida, aluminium
oksida, kalsium karbonat (batu kapur), asam klorida, magnesium hidroksida, tembaga.
Berturut-turut jenis zat tersebut tergolong ... .
A. oksida asam, oksida basa, garam, asam, basa dan logam.
B. oksida basa, oksida asam, oksida amfoter, asam, basa dan logam
C. oksida logam, oksida non logam, garam, asam, basa dan logam
D. oksida non logam, basa, garam, asam oksida, asam dan logam
E. asam, basa, oksida asam, oksida basa, oksida amfoter dan logam

9. Reactions bellow doesnt produce gas element.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

H2SO4 + Na2CO3
NaCl + AgNO3
K2SO3 + HNO3
Na2S + HCl
Fe + HNO3

10. 200 mL KI solution 1 M is reacted with 50 mL Pb(NO 3)2 1 M based on reaction


bellow:
KI(aq) + Pb(NO3)2 (aq)
PbI2 (s) + KNO3 (aq)
Amount of reactant mole thats over is .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

0.15 mol KI
0.05 mol KI
0.05 mol Pb(NO3)2
0.1 mol KI
0.1 mol Pb(NO3)2

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11. A base L(OH)2 has mass of 3.16 grams is dissolved in water. The solution produced
can be neutralized by 100 mL of HCl 0.4 M solution. The relative atomic mass (Ar) of
L is
A. 124
B. 158
C. 182
D. 274
E. 316
12. As much as 0.4 grams of NaOH (Mr = 40) is dissolved into water. The solution
formed can neutralize HCl 0.1 M of .
A. 10 mL
B. 20 mL
C. 50 mL
D. 100 mL
E. 110 mL

13. The value of pH does not insignificantly change although it is diluted using water
as much as 2 times of the initial volume. It happens in the solution of .
A. NH4OH and NH4Cl
B. HCl
C. CH3COOH
D. NaOH and NaCl
E. NH4OH and NaOH
14. Of the following mixtures that can form a buffer is
A. 100 mL of NaOH 0.1 M and 100 mL of HCl 0.1 M
B. 100 mL of NaOH 0.1 M and 100 mL of NaCN 0.1 M
C. 100 mL of NaCN 0.1 M and 100 mL of HCN 0.1 M
D. 100 mL of NH4OH 0.1 M and 50 mL of H2SO4 0.1 M
E. 100 mL of K2SO4 0.1 M and 50 mL of H2SO4 0.1 M
15. When HCOOH and HCOOK with equal in concentration are mixed to produce a
buffer with pH = 6 log 5, the ratio of their volumes which must be mixed is(Ka
CH3COOH = 10-5)
A. 1 : 1
B. 1 : 2
C. 1 : 3
D. 2 : 1
E. 2 : 3
16. One liter of solution containing 0.1 mole of potassium acetate and 0.05 mole of
acetic acid (Ka = 2 x10-5) is added by water so the volume becomes 2 liters, pH of
the solution is
A. Changes from 5 into 2
B. Is constant of 5
C. Changes from 5 into 8
D. Changes from 9 into 5
E. Is constant of 9
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17. Ke dalam 1 liter larutan asam asetat (pH = 3) ditambahkan garam natrium asetat
supaya pHnya menjadi 2 kali semula. Apabila Ka =10 -5, maka jumlah garam natrium
asetat yang ditambahkan adalahmol.
A. 1
B. 0.1
C. 0.01
D. 0.001
E. 0.0001
18. A buffer system maintaining the value of pH of the protoplasmic cell liquid is
A.
HPO42-/PO43B.
H2PO4-/HPO42C.
HCO3-/CO32D.
H2CO3/HCO3E.
CH3COOH/CH3COO19. Ion berikut mengalami hidrolisis dalam air , kecuali.
A. CO32B. CN
C. NO3D. S2E. NH4+
20. Hydrolization salt bellow will be gotten from reaction: Y - + H2O
A. (NH4)2SO4
B. NH4NO3
C. CaCl2
D. KCN
E. MgSO4

HY + OH-

21. Kedalam 1 liter air dilarutkan 21.4 gram NH 4Cl padat (volume diabaikan). Bila Kb
NH3(aq) = 10-5 maka pH larutan adalah(Ar N = 14, H = 1, Cl = 35.5)
A. 5 - log 2
B. 6 - log 1
C. 9 + log 2
D. 11 - log 4
E. 13 + log 4
22. NaCN 0.1 M has pH = 11, so in the water will be hydrolyzed.
A. 10%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 1%
E. 100%
23. As much as 25 mL of NaOH 0.2 M is mixed with 25 mL of CH 3COOH 0.2 M
(Ka=10-5) will produce solution with pH
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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

10
9
8
5
4

24. The value of dissociation degree of salt from weak acid is 0.062, Ka =1.8 x 10 -10, so
in 500 mL that solution will be gotten soluted salt is mol.
A. 0.0037
B. 0.0075
C. 0.0100
D. 0.0150
E. 0.0300
25. Larutan 25 mL asam cuka 0.2 M dicampur dengan 100 mL natrium hidroksida 0.05
M, kemudian ditambah air sampai volumenya 500 mL. harga pH larutan tersebut
adalah(Ka = 10-5)
A. 8
B. 8.5
C. 9
D. 9.5
E. 10
26. The correct formulation of solubility product of Ag 2CrO4 is
A.
[Ag][CrO4]
B.
[Ag+][CrO42-]
C.
[Ag+]2[CrO42-]
D.
[Ag+]2[CrO-]4
E.
[Ag4+][CrO2]4
27. At a given temperature a saturated solution of Mg(OH) 2 has pH = 9. The value of
Ksp of Mg(OH)2 at that temperature is
A.
5 x 10-5
B.
5 x 10-15
C.
1 x 10-15
D.
5 x 10-16
E.
1 x 10-16
28. It given that Ksp of PbCl 2 = 1.6 x 10-5, PbCl2 (Mr= 278) dissolved in 100 mL NaCl 0.1
M is
A. 0.448 gram
B. 0.04448 gram
C. 44.48 gram
D. 444.8 gram
E. 4.448 gram
29. If given that solubility of Ca(OH)2 at a given temperature is 2 x 10-2 M, Ksp of
Ca(OH)2 at that temperature is
A.
2.0 x 10-4
B.
4.0 x 10-4
C.
3.2 x 10-5
D.
6.4 x 10-6
E.
8.0 x 10-6

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30. At a given temperature the saturated solution of Be(OH) 2 has pH = 8+log 2, the
value of Ksp of Be(OH)2 at that temperature is
A.
1.0 x 10-12
B.
2.0 x 10-12
C.
1.0 x 10-18
D.
2.0 x 10-18
E.
4.0 x 10-18
31. Ksp of PbCl2 at agiven temperature is 4 x 10 -18, the solubility of PbCl 2 in CaCl2 0.05
M solution at that temperature is
A.
1 x 10-8
B.
1 x 10-12
C.
4 x 10-16
D.
4 x 10-17
E.
4 x 10-19
32. Pay attention to the value of Ksp for the following sal!t.
1. Ksp Ag2CO3 = 8.10-12
2. Ksp AgCl = 1,6 . 10-10
3. Ksp PbCO3 = 1.10-10
4. Ksp PbI2 = 9.10-13
5. Ksp PbSO4 = 2.10-10
Based on the data above, one of the salts which has the largest solubility in water
is.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E.5
33. Dalam suatu larutan terdapat ion-ion Ba 2+,Ca2+,Mg2+,Pb2+ dengan konsenrasi yang
sama. Apabila larutan itu ditetesi dengan larutan Na 2CO3 maka zat yang pertama
mengendap adalah.
A. BaCO3 (Ksp = 8,1x10-9 mol2/L2)
B. PbCO3 (Ksp = 3,3x10-14 mol2/L2)
C. CaCO3 (Ksp = 4,8x10-9 mol2/L2)
D. MgCO3 (Ksp = 1x10-5 mol2/L2)
E. Mengendap semua
34. Substances below which is not an example of colloidal system is
A. Milk
B. Coconut squeeze (santan)
C. Smoke
D. Protoplasm
E. Hydrochloric acid
35. Fog (kabut) is a colloidal system of
A. Gas in liquid
B. Liquid in gas
C. Gas in other gas
D. Gas in solid
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E. Liquid in other liquid

36. One example of lyophilic colloids is


A. Jam (selai)
B. Smoke
C. Dew (embun)
D. Gelatin
E. Floatable rock (batu apung)
37. An electrolytic solution which is effective for coagulating As 2S3 sol which is
negatively charged is
AlCl3
A.
NaCl
B.
K2SO4
C.
CaCl2
D.
SrCl2
E.
38. Diketahui peristiwa berikut :
1. Pembentukan delta pada muara sungai
2. Pemutihan gula pasir
3. Penyembuhan sakit perut dengan norit
4. Proses penjernihan air
Yang merupakan contoh peristiwa koagulasi koloid adalah
A. 1 dan 2
B. 1 dan 3
C. 1 dan 4
D. 2 dan 3
E. 2 dan 4
39. Making colloids can be done by methods of :
1. Hydrolysis
3. Redox reaction
2. Peptization
4. Milling or crushing (penggilingan atau penggerusan)
Colloid making in condensation is number
A. 1 dan 2
B. 1 dan 3
C. 1 dan 4
D. 2 dan 3
E. 2 dan 4

40. Di antara cara-cara pembuatan koloid berikut yang merupakan cara dispersi
adalah
Pembuatan sol belerang dengan dialiri gas H 2S dalam larutan SO2
A.
Pembuatan sol emas dengan mereduksi larutan garam emas
B.
Pembuatan sol Fe(OH)3 dengan menambahkan FeCl3 dalam air mendidih
C.
Pembuatan kanji dengan memanaskan amilum
D.
E. Pembuatan AgCl dengan mereaksikan larutan AgNO 3 encer dengan larutan NaCl
encer
II. Essay
1.

8.1 gram aluminium is reacted to 100 mL sulfuric acid 2 M.


Determine:
a. Reaction equation

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b. The volume of gas produced if at that temperature and pressure of 3 grams of 1


NO gas is 1L . (Ar Al = 65, S = 32, O = 16, N = 14)
2.

25 ml of a strong base NaOH 1,2 M is reacted to 50 ml of formic acid


(HCOOH) 0,66 M solution, so a buffer is formed, if Ka HCOOH=10 -4, calculate pH of
the solution!

3.

As much as 1.58 grams of (CH3COO)2Ca is dissolved in water so the


volume of solution becomes 500 mL, if Ka = 10 -5, calculate pH of the solution!
(Ar C = 12, H = 1, Ca = 40, O = 16)

4.

What must be the H+ concentration of a solution that is 0.05 M in Ni 2+ to


prevent the precipitation of NiS when the solution is saturated with H 2S?
The Ksp of NiS is 3x10-21, Ksp H2S is 1.1x10-22

5.

Jelaskan prinsip kerja sabun atau detergen sebagai bahan pencuci!

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