Anda di halaman 1dari 50

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 1 of 50

PROCESS SPECIFICATION

P8A-AG3
GE Power & Water
Materials and Processes Engineering

Page 1 of 50
GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)

WELDED FABRICATION OF GAS TURBINE PIPING


DOCUMENT REVISION STATUS: DETERMINED BY THE LAST ENTRY IN THE "REV" AND "DATE" COLUMN
REV.

DESCRIPTION

REVISED REQUIREMENTS FOR ROOT PASS WITH GMAW.


ADDED WELD FILLER METALS FOR P91 JOINTS. ADDED
NOTES AND REVISED FIGURE P6. (AR GHOLKAR)
UPDATED REFERENCE TO B31.3. ADDED APPLICABLE
DOCUMENTS. REVISED WELDING QUALIFICATION AND
PRODUCTION PROCESS REQUIREMENTS. ADDED
REQUIREMENT FOR NDE/LEAK TEST AFTER REWELDING
OR RE-HEAT TREAT. ADDED ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR
MT, PT AND UT; APPENDIX 1. ADDED FILLER BI TO P-43
INCONEL 625 TO ALL P1 COMBINATIONS. ADDED NOTES 5
AND 6 AND REFORMATTED FOR READABILITY. APPENDIX
II, REVISED FIGS. 4, 12, 13 AND 14; DCI NO. 03020190. (PR
BUDKA)
ADDED ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS (IN ADDENDUM I) IN
COMPLIANCE WITH DIRECTIVE 97/23/EC OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT CONCERNING PRESSURE
EQUIPMENT. DCI NO. 04009579. (J. CHEN)
EDITORIAL CHANGES FOR CLARIFICATION AND TO
DELETE ARCHAIC INFORMATION THROUGHOUT
DOCUMENT. ADDED TOC. REPLACED FILLER METAL
TABLES WITH THE SAME AS IN P8A-AG1 AC. UPDATED
AND ADDED FIGURES. RECLASSIFIED TO CLASS II
NONCRITICAL. DCI 11017415.
(BD JOHNSTON)
COMPLETE REVISION. WORDING IN COMPLIANCE WITH
ASME B31.1. ECO0144238. (BD JOHNSTON)
REVISED TO NON-CRITICAL, INADVERTENTLY MADE
CRITICAL AT REV T. ECO0167052. (JL SMITH)

T
U

SIGNATURE

REV. DATE

CR TRIPEPI

2001 MAY 07

CR TRIPEPI

2004 MAR 02

CR TRIPEPI

2004 MAY 26

JL SMITH

2011 JUL 28

JL SMITH

2014 APR 21

JL SMITH

2014 OCT 27

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE Power & Water
(USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons, firms, or corporations
who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no duplication, or other disclosure, or use
whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC
and/or its affiliates.
PREPARED BY:

C.H. KREISCHER

UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED

February 16, 1989

OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

ORIG. ISSUE DATE:

GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 2 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 2 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of Contents
1.

SCOPE ........................................................................................................................... 5
1.1
Statement of Applicability ........................................................................................ 5
1.2
Exclusions ............................................................................................................... 5

2.

COMMUNICATION ......................................................................................................... 6
2.1
External Supplier..................................................................................................... 6
2.2
Internal Supplier. ..................................................................................................... 6
2.3
Requests for Deviations .......................................................................................... 6

3.

APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS .......................................................................................... 6


3.1
Documents.............................................................................................................. 6
3.2
Hiearchy of Documents........................................................................................... 7

4.

DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................. 7
4.1
Personnel................................................................................................................ 7
4.2
Specification Deviation Documents ........................................................................ 8
4.3
Technical Terms ..................................................................................................... 8
4.4
Weld Symbols. ........................................................................................................ 8
4.5
Base Material Classification .................................................................................... 9

5.

RESPONSIBILITIES ....................................................................................................... 9
5.1
Materials and Processes Engineering..................................................................... 9
5.2
Suppliers ................................................................................................................. 9
5.3
Sourcing Quality. .................................................................................................... 9
5.4
Plant Welding Engineer. ......................................................................................... 9
5.5
Audit of Supplier's Facilities and Practices ........................................................... 10

6.

WELD CODES .............................................................................................................. 10


6.1
Assignment of Weld Codes ................................................................................... 10
TABLE 1 Inspection Codes .................................................................................. 10
6.2
Weld Codes on Drawings ..................................................................................... 10
FIGURE 1 Example of a Welding Symbol with Inspection Code D ................... 11

7.

QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS............................................................................. 11
7.1
Approval................................................................................................................ 11
7.2
MPP and FPQ. ...................................................................................................... 11
7.3
Welding Procedure Qualification ........................................................................... 11
7.4
Welding Procedure Specifications ........................................................................ 12
7.5
Welder Performance Qualification ........................................................................ 12

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 3 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 3 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.

PRODUCTION PROCESS REQUIREMENTS ............................................................. 12


8.1
Added Welds. ....................................................................................................... 12
8.2
Alignment Tolerances ........................................................................................... 12
8.3
Bare Wire Storage ................................................................................................ 13
8.4
Clad or Lined Piping.............................................................................................. 13
8.5
Covered Electrode Storage ................................................................................... 13
8.6
Dissimilar Metal Welds.......................................................................................... 14
FIGURE 2 Dissimilar Metal Weld (DMW) cracking .............................................. 15
8.7
Electrical Characteristics and Meter Calibration. .................................................. 15
8.8
Flux Control. ......................................................................................................... 16
8.9
Full Penetration Welds .......................................................................................... 16
8.10 GMAW-S and GMAW-MS ..................................................................................... 16
8.11 Heat Treatment ..................................................................................................... 17
TABLE 2 Heat Treat Hold Temperatures ............................................................. 17
8.12 Heat Treatment of Dissimilar Metal Joints. ........................................................... 19
8.13 Interpass Cleaning. ............................................................................................... 19
8.14 Peening................................................................................................................. 19
8.15 Preheat and Interpass Temperature ..................................................................... 19
TABLE 3 Preheat and Interpass Temperatures .................................................. 20
8.16 Pressure-Tight Welds. .......................................................................................... 20
8.17 Repairs ................................................................................................................. 20
8.18 Seal Welds............................................................................................................ 21
8.19 Stress Relief Cycle................................................................................................ 21
TABLE 4 Heating and Cooling Rates ................................................................... 21
8.20 Tack Welds ........................................................................................................... 22
8.21 Weld Filler Metal. .................................................................................................. 22
8.22 Weld Joint Cleanliness.......................................................................................... 22
8.23 Weld Joint Designs ............................................................................................... 23
8.24 Weld Joint Preparation.......................................................................................... 23
8.25 Weld Position and Technique ............................................................................... 24
8.26 Weld Weave Limitations ....................................................................................... 24
8.27 Welder Identification on Production Welds ........................................................... 24

9.

INSPECTION/TEST PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS ..................................... 24


9.1
Required Inspections ............................................................................................ 24
9.2
Defective Work and Progressive Sampling ........................................................... 26
9.3
In-Process Examination ........................................................................................ 27
9.4
Inspection Personnel ............................................................................................ 28
9.5
Inspection Methods ............................................................................................... 28
9.6
Acceptance Standards .......................................................................................... 29
TABLE 5 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: RT and VT ........................................ 29
TABLE 6 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: MT and PT........................................ 29
TABLE 7 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: UT ..................................................... 30

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 4 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 4 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE 8 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: Additional Visual............................. 30


9.7
Hardness Tests ..................................................................................................... 30
TABLE 9 Hardness Limitations ............................................................................ 31
9.8
Leak Tests ............................................................................................................ 31
10. NOTES ......................................................................................................................... 32
APPENDIX I: FILLER METAL SELECTION ........................................................................ 33
I-1
Scope.................................................................................................................... 33
I-2
Use of Filler Metal Tables ..................................................................................... 33
I-3
Use of Filler Metal Columns .................................................................................. 33
TABLE I.1 -- FILLER METAL SELECTION TABLE ............................................................. 34
TABLE I.2 -- FILLER METAL SELECTION TABLE (CONTINUED)..................................... 35
TABLE I.3 -- FILLER METAL SELECTION TABLE (CONTINUED)..................................... 36
TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS ............................................................................ 37
TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED) .................................................... 38
TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED) .................................................... 39
TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED) .................................................... 40
TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED) .................................................... 41
APPENDIX II: WELD JOINT DESIGNS ............................................................................... 42
PREFERRED WELD JOINT DESIGNS FOR PIPING WELDS ....................................... 42
Fig P1, P5-P8, P10 .......................................................................................................... 43
Fig P12 through P13:....................................................................................................... 45
FIG. P14 .......................................................................................................................... 46
Integrally Reinforced Branch Outlet Fitting ...................................................................... 46
Fig P14.1 through P14.2.................................................................................................. 47
Branch Outlet and Weld Pass Sequence ........................................................................ 47
Fig P15 through P19........................................................................................................ 48
APPENDIX III: DIRECTIVE 97/23/EC ................................................................................. 49
1.
Scope.................................................................................................................... 49
2.
Applicable Documents .......................................................................................... 49
3.
Qualification Requirements ................................................................................... 49
4.
Document Retention ............................................................................................. 50
5.
Inspection/Test Procedures and Requirements .................................................... 50

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 5 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 5 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

WELDED FABRICATION OF GAS TURBINE PIPING


1.

SCOPE
1.1

1.2

Statement of Applicability
1.1.1

This specification states the welding and related process requirements for
fabrication of piping made to engineering drawings for Gas Turbine piping and
accessory systems piping. The specification is applicable to fabrications made
by GE, companies contracted to GE, and Suppliers to GE.

1.1.2

The requirements of this specification are in conformance with the fabrication


requirements for Normal Fluid Service or Category D Fluid Service piping of
ASME B31.3, Process Piping Code, except as stated in Section 1.2.

1.1.3

Where specifically noted in purchase agreement or on face of design


documentation, the requirements in compliance with the Pressure Equipment
Directive 97/23/EC as summarized in Appendix III, shall also be met.

Exclusions
1.2.1

ASME B31.3 requirements for Severe Cyclic, Category M Toxic Fluid, and High
Pressure Piping Service are beyond the scope of this specification, and ASME
B31.3 requirements related to leak testing of completed piping systems are
modified per Paragraph 9.6.

1.2.2

This specification is not applicable to fabrication of tubular components whose


primary function is structural, or other than conveyance of liquids or other
applications not typically considered to be piping assemblies or systems.
Fabrication of those non-applicable components for gas turbine applications is
governed by the requirements of GE Specification P8A-AG1. Examples of
tubular components whose fabrication is governed by P8A-AG1 rather than
P8A-AG3 include struts, combustion liners, transition pieces, combustion cans,
combustion flow sleeves and wrappers.

1.2.3

This specification is not applicable to structural steel framing for pipe support
structures or pipe racks. Structural steel fabrication shall conform to AWS D1.1
Structural Welding Code.

1.2.4

Modification or repairs of existing piping systems shall comply with the intent of
this specification as applicable.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 6 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 6 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

2.

3.

COMMUNICATION
2.1

External Supplier (See Definition) - GE Power & Water Sourcing is the authorized
interface for all communication between GE and the External Supplier. All questions
or requests for additional information shall be submitted to GE Power & Water for
clarification. Conflicts between applicable Specifications or drawings shall be
submitted to GE Power & Water for resolution by Engineering.

2.2

Internal Supplier (See Definition) - All communication, including questions or


requests for additional information, shall be submitted to Materials and Processes
Engineering.

2.3

Requests for Deviations - Requests for deviations to the requirements of this


specification shall be submitted as follows:
2.3.1

External Supplier - To GE Power & Water Sourcing by SDR.

2.3.2

Internal Supplier - To the appropriate Engineering personnel by NCR.

APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS
3.1

The following documents shall form an integral part of this specification to the extent
specified herein. Unless otherwise indicated, the latest issue shall apply.
3.1.1

3.1.2

General Electric Company


P8A-AG1

Welding-General Specification

P10A-AG2

Heat Treat Process Control

P28A-AL-0002

Supplier Quality Requirements

351A3700

Applied Practices - Piping

American Welding Society (AWS)


AWS A2.4

Symbols for Welding and Non-Destructive Testing

AWS A3.0

Terms and Definitions, Welding and Cutting

AWS B1.11

Guide for the Visual Examination of Welds

AWS D17.1

Specification for Fusion Welding for Aerospace Applications

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 7 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 7 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

3.1.3

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)


ASTM E94

3.1.4

Recommended Practice for Radiographic Testing

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code:
Section IX-Welding and Brazing Qualification
Section V-Non-Destructive Examination
Section VIII-Div. I-Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels
ASME B31.3 Process Piping Code

3.1.5

American Society for Non-Destructive Testing (ASNT)


ASNT SNT TC 1A

3.2

Hiearchy of Documents - In the event of a conflict between documents, the order of


precedence from highest
to lowest is:

4.

Personnel Qualification And Certification In NonDestructive Testing

Purchase Order
Part Drawing
Part Specification
Process Specification (casting, forging, welding, coating, etc.)
Material Specification

DEFINITIONS
4.1

Personnel
4.1.1

Purchaser - GE Energy Sourcing, or its Business Associate.

4.1.2

External Supplier (Including Sub-Tier) - The Corporation, company,


partnership, sole proprietorship or individual contracted by GE Power & Water
Sourcing or GE Global Project Operation (GPO) to perform the process
covered by this Specification.

4.1.3

Internal Supplier - Any GE Gas Turbine Manufacturing Organization.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 8 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 8 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

4.1.4

4.2

4.3

Supplier - As used herein, unless specifically designated, refers to either an


External or an Internal Supplier.

Specification Deviation Documents


4.2.1

Applicable to External Supplier - Supplier Deviation Request (SDR) - A method


for the documentation, approval and control of a waiver for materials,
processes, or dimensions which deviate from the Purchase Order documents
(drawings, specifications, Engineering Instructions, etc.).

4.2.2

Applicable to Internal Supplier - Quality Control Report (QCR) - GE Gas


Turbine Manufacturing Organization non-conformance report initiated during
processing through the factory. Used by Manufacturing to document nonconformance to governing documents and request corrective action.

Technical Terms
4.3.1

DMW - dissimilar metal weld

4.3.2

GMAW - Gas Metal Arc Welding

4.3.3

LCZ - low carbon zone

4.3.4

PWHT - post weld heat treat

4.3.5

t - thickness of the weld

4.3.6

T - thickness of the parent or base material, or the thinner member when parts
of unequal thickness are butt welded together

4.3.7

TS - Tensile Strength

4.3.8

Tw - minimum pipe wall thickness

NOTE: Welding terminology is defined in AWS A3.0, Terms and Definitions, Welding
and Cutting.
4.4

Weld Symbols - Weld symbols are defined by the American Welding Society in AWS
A2.4.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 9 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 9 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

4.5

5.

Base Material Classification - Base materials are classified by "P" numbers in


accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IX or ASME
B31.3 or by GE Specification number for materials with no ASME-assigned "P"
number.

RESPONSIBILITIES
5.1

Materials and Processes Engineering - MPE shall maintain and update this
specification as needed.

5.2

Suppliers
5.2.1

Suppliers shall qualify all welders and welding procedures used. Approval of all
qualifications shall be in accordance with Section 7.

5.2.2

Suppliers shall maintain all records identified in this specification.

5.2.3

Suppliers shall promptly submit a Certificate of Conformance (CoC), to the


buyer, for each component/fabrication stating that the component/fabrication
was processed in accordance with the requirements of this Specification and
other applicable documents. The Certificate shall be signed and dated by an
authorized Supplier Representative and shall, as a minimum, include the
following information:

Supplier Name, Address and GE-designated External Supplier Code


GE Purchase Order Number and date
GE Drawing and Serial Number
MPP Identification Number (if applicable), Revision Level, and Revision
Date
SDR Numbers

The buyer may request that all CoCs be maintained by the supplier in lieu of
submittals, and that CoCs must be available upon request or audit.
5.3

Sourcing Quality - Sourcing Quality shall ensure that all External Supplier welders
and welding procedures are properly qualified to this document before they begin
production work.

5.4

Plant Welding Engineer - GE Gas Turbines Plant Welding Engineer shall ensure that
welding procedures are qualified according to ASME Section IX and that all Internal
Supplier welders and welding procedures are qualified to the requirements of this
specification before they begin production work.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 10 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 10 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

5.5

6.

Audit of Supplier's Facilities and Practices


5.5.1

The Purchaser reserves the right to periodically audit the Supplier's facilities
and practices. Such audits shall not relieve the Supplier from the responsibility
of producing the fabrications in a suitable condition.

5.5.2

The Purchaser reserves the right to perform additional checks, such as UT or


RT, in order to verify if the weld quality meets the requirements, even if there is
no such check required by the drawing/specification. The acceptance criteria
will be those of P8A-AG1 for the relevant inspection method used. If GE is
satisfied that the Purchasers inspection methods, techniques, and results are
valid and that the parts are truly defective, the Supplier shall repair or replace
such parts at the Suppliers own expense.

WELD CODES
6.1

Assignment of Weld Codes


6.1.1

The weld code for Gas Turbine and Accessory systems piping is Code N
unless designated Code D in the engineering design specifications or within the
GE Piping Applied Practices specification 351A3700.

6.1.2

Code N exceeds ASME B31.3 inspection requirements for Normal Fluid


Service; Code D inspection requirements are the same as ASME B31.3
requirements for Category D fluid service.
TABLE 1 Inspection Codes
GE INSPECTION CODE
N
D

6.2

REQUIRED INSPECTION
Para. 9.1.1
Para. 9.1.2

Weld Codes on Drawings


6.2.1

The Weld Code shall be written as a general drawing note or shown in the tail
of the welding symbol.

6.2.1.1

If all or most welds on a particular drawing are of one Code, a general


note may be used. For example, Unless otherwise specified, all welds are
Code D.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 11 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 11 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

6.2.1.2

For individual weld joint asssigment, place the Code of the weld in the tail
of the weld symbol. Any Code specified in the tail of a weld symbol
supercedes general drawing notes

FIGURE 1 Example of a Welding Symbol with Inspection Code D


7.

QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
7.1

Approval
7.1.1

Welding is not released for production until the WPSs, PQRs, and welder
qualifications have been approved.

7.1.2

For fabrications made by suppliers outside the Gas Turbine Operation, WPSs,
PQRs, and WPQRs shall be submitted through Sourcing to the SQE and MPE
for approval.

7.1.3

For fabrications made inside GE Gas Turbines Manufacturing Plant Welding


Engineer shall be responsible for issuing welding special process and
manufacturing engineering instruction and qualification packages.

7.2

MPP and FPQ - An MPP and FPQ are required for each new supplier and a new
design unless otherwise authorized by GE. Detailed requirements for the MPP and
FPQ shall be presented according to the applicable part specific process
specifications or P28A-AL-0002.

7.3

Welding Procedure Qualification


7.3.1

PQRs are to be in accordance with ASME Section IX.

7.3.2

PQRs developed by acquired companies may be used to qualify WPSs for the
new owners. The source of the PQRs shall be preserved.

7.3.3

All divisions of the General Electric Corporation have operational control of


Welding Procedure Qualifications produced within or acquired by any division
of the General Electric Coporation.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 12 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 12 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

7.4

7.5

8.

Welding Procedure Specifications


7.4.1

Detailed WPSs shall be prepared for all welds. WPSs shall be qualified and
documented in accordance with ASME Section IX.

7.4.2

WPSs shall be qualified by a PQR in accordance with ASME Section IX.

Welder Performance Qualification


7.5.1

Welders and welding operators shall be qualified in accordance with ASME


Section IX.

7.5.2

Suppliers shall assign an individual identification to each welder and welding


operator.

7.5.3

Suppliers shall maintain self-certified records showing the date and limits of
qualifications, and the identification designation assigned to each welder and
welding operator.

7.5.4

Internal Supplier (see Definitions) welders shall also meet the visual acuity
requirement of AWS D17.1 Paragraph 4.2.1.

7.5.5

All divisions of the General Electric Corporation have operational control of


Welder Performance Qualifications produced within or acquired by any division
of the General Electric Coporation.

PRODUCTION PROCESS REQUIREMENTS


8.1

Added Welds - If weld joints not shown on the drawing are required to fabricate a
piping assembly and the WPS or WPQ Essential Variables change, then they shall
be submitted and approved before the added welds are made.

8.2

Alignment Tolerances
8.2.1

Alignment tolerances for butt welded joints shall be the smaller of the values
stated in the welding procedure specification or the engineering drawing. If the
applicable drawing or welding procedure specification does not specify
alignment tolerances, the maximum offset in the weld joint inside diameter shall
be 0.062 inch for open root butt welds made without consumable inserts. See
Figure P10, P10A, or P10B.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 13 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 13 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.2.2

Joints exceeding tolerance limits shall have the pipe with the smaller inside
diameter trimmed so that the adjoining surfaces meet tolerance requirements.
This trimming shall not result in a pipe wall thickness less than the minimum
design thickness and the change in contour shall not exceed 30 degrees. (See
Figure P10A).

8.2.3

Misalignment in pipes of sufficient diameter and wall thickness may


alternatively be corrected by weld build-up of the inside diameter of the larger
pipe. Welding shall be in accordance with the requirements of this specification.
Any build-up shall blend in with the base stock with a minimum 4:1 taper (i.e.,
1/8 inch build-up at the edge must join the base stock at least 1/2 inch from the
edge). (See Figure P10B).

8.2.4

Branch connection welds shall meet the following alignment tolerance


requirements.

Branch connection welds which abut the outside surface of the run pipe
shall be contoured for groove welds which meet the requirements of
Figure P14.
The inside bore of the branch pipe shall not be offset from the penetration
hole through the run pipe more than the lesser of 1/8 inch or 1/2 the
nominal wall thickness of the branch.
Branch connections which are inserted through a run opening shall be
inserted at least as far as the inside surface of the run pipe at all points.
The weld joint root gap shall not exceed 0.09 inch.

8.3

Bare Wire Storage - Bare wire shall be clean when used. It shall be stored in a
manner which will keep it clean. Each spool of electrode used for automatic welding
shall be covered or removed from the wire feeder if it could become contaminated
from exposure to the atmosphere.

8.4

Clad or Lined Piping - Welding of clad or lined piping shall be done in accordance
with applicable provisions of the ASME B&PVC, Section VIII, Division 1, UCL-30
through UCL-52.

8.5

Covered Electrode Storage


8.5.1

All flux covered electrodes shall be clean and dry before use.

8.5.2

Low hydrogen electrodes (EXX15, 16, 18, 28) and (EXXX15, 16, 18) shall be
kept in their sealed, undamaged shipping containers or stored in heated ovens
to ensure their low hydrogen characteristics are maintained. The oven

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 14 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 14 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

temperature shall be held at 300F 50F. The oven shall be used only for
welding electrode storage and it will be kept in proper working order. Electrodes
of the EXXX15, 16, or 18 class shall be used within 1 hour after removal from
their sealed container or the oven. Electrodes of the EXX15, 16, 18, or 28 class
shall be used within 4 hours after removal from their sealed container or the
oven.

8.6

8.5.3

Stainless steel, nickel base, and cobalt base alloy electrodes shall be kept in
sealed containers or stored in heated ovens at 300F 50F. They shall be
used within 4 hours after removal from their container or the oven.

8.5.4

All other electrodes shall be stored in a clean dry area in a manner to maintain
their original condition and to minimize the possibility of mixing electrode types.

8.5.5

Material not conforming to these handling requirements shall be discarded or


re-conditioned per the manufacturer's recommendations.

Dissimilar Metal Welds


8.6.1

Austenitic filler metals deposited onto ferritic steels, and conversely, are
dissimilar metal welds (DMWs). One of the most common DMWs is with 309
filler metal welded onto ferritic steels. The 309 presents two issues when
welded onto ferritic steels: 1) carbon diffusion out of the ferritic steel into the
309, and 2) different coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs).

8.6.2

At temperatures of about 750F and up, the higher chromium content of the
309 causes carbon to diffuse from the ferritic steel into the 309, which creates a
narrow, low carbon zone (LCZ) in the ferritic steel along the weld fusion line.
The LCZ is lower strength than the ferritic steel and, depending on the service
environment, may be subject to either creep or corrosion fatigue failure
mechanisms.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 15 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 15 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

FIGURE 2 Dissimilar Metal Weld (DMW) cracking

8.7

8.6.3

The 309 has a higher CTE than that of ferritic steels. Inco 82 is a high nickel
filler metal that has a CTE that is between that of austenitic and ferritic base
metals.

8.6.4

For DMWs at service temperatures below 750F use Col BC in Table I.4 (Inco
82 or Inco 182). Col BC will mitigate the effects of differential CTEs. Whenever
PWHT is required, minimum time at PWHT temperature is recommended to
reduce the effects of carbon diffusion.

8.6.5

DMWs at higher temperatures require Col BT in Table I.4 (EPRI P87 filler
metal), in order to mitigate the effects of both carbon diffusion and differential
CTEs.

Electrical Characteristics and Meter Calibration - To ensure that welders, welding


operators and inspectors can determine the electrical characteristics of automatic
and semi-automatic welding operations, an ammeter and a voltage meter shall be
provided for determining the arc welding amperage and voltage output of the
welding equipment.
8.7.1

The calibration points shall be as follows:


Ammeter: Zero and maximum at 50 ampere intervals;
Voltmeter: 5 volt increments from the minimum to the maximum qualified
values.

8.7.2

Instrument accuracy shall be plus or minus five percent of maximum meter


readings.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 16 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 16 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.7.3

The ammeter and voltage meter shall be calibrated at least annually.


Calibration shall be traceable to NIST standards or other suitable national
standards if outside the United States.

8.8

Flux Control - Flux shall be stored in its sealed shipping containers in such a manner
that the material is protected against exposure to moisture pick-up. This includes
both warehouse storage and transportation. If moisture pick-up is suspected, the flux
shall be discarded or dried in accordance with the manufacturer's recommended
practice before the material is put in service. The distribution of flux with pneumatic
equipment must be with a cleaned, dried and filtered air supply system. Flux that
was fused during welding shall not be recovered and re-used.

8.9

Full Penetration Welds


8.9.1

The use of backing rings is prohibited.

8.9.2

Open root welds shall employ a GTAW root pass with or without a consumable
insert, or a GMAW root pass without a consumable insert.

8.9.3

Backside inert gas shielding shall be employed for the root pass and not less
than the next two layers of all open root welds in stainless steel pipes, and as
required to provide acceptable root pass surface contours and freedom from
oxides in low alloy steels.

8.9.4

Where single-welded full penetration joints are used, particular care shall be
taken in aligning and separating the piping components to be joined so there
will be complete penetration and fusion at the bottom of the joint for its full
length.

8.9.5

Where double welded full penetration joints are used, the reverse side shall be
prepared by grinding or machining to sound metal, which shall be verified by
magnetic particle or liquid penetrant inspection, before weld metal is deposited
from the second side.

8.10

GMAW-S and GMAW-MS

8.10.1 GMAW-S is a non-wave-form controlled, short arc mode of metal transfer that
is not allowed for piping welds.
8.10.2 GMAW-MS is a modified short arc mode that is produced by a software-driven
power source with active voltage-sensing, synergic wave form control. GMAWMS may be allowed for the root and hot passes of full penetration welds with
the following restrictions:
COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.
All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 17 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 17 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.11

First piece qualification (FPQ) shall include cross sections to verify no lack
of fusion.
Semiautomatic GMAW-MS (hand held torch) shall be in the 1GR or 3GR
position.
Welder qualification shall be by bend testing.
Each pass made with GMAW-MS shall be visually inspected prior to
making additional passes. When the ID is accessible, the ID of the root
pass shall also be visually inspected.

Heat Treatment

8.11.1 The holding temperature and material thickness requirements for post weld
heat treatment shall be as follows, unless otherwise approved by MPE.
TABLE 2 Heat Treat Hold Temperatures
Material
P-1
P-3
P-4
P-5A
P-15E
P-6
P-7
P-8
1-1 1/2 Cr, 1-1 1/2 Mo, 1/4-1/2V
Fe, Co & Ni Base Super Alloys

Notes
1, 2
1, 3
1, 4, 7
1, 5, 7
1, 7
1, 6, 7
1
1

Temperature
1125F
1125F
1325F
1325F
1375F
1375F
None
None
1275F
Contact MPE for guidance

NOTE 1 - The P number refers to the grouping of materials by the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code, Section IX.
NOTE 2 - Post weld heat treatment of P-1 materials is required when thickness exceeds 3/4 inch.
NOTE 3 - Post weld heat treatment of P-3 materials is required when the thickness exceeds 3/4 inch. Heat
treatment is required for all thicknesses of P3 materials whose specified minimum base metal
tensile strength exceeds 71,000 psi.
NOTE 4 - Post weld heat treatment of P-4 materials is required when thickness exceeds 1/2 inch, and for
all thicknesses when the specified minimum base metal tensile strength exceeds 71,000 psi.
NOTE 5 - Post weld heat treatment of P-5A materials is required when thickness exceeds 1/2 inch, and for
all thicknesses when either (1) the chromium content exceeds 3%, or (2) the carbon content
exceeds 0.15%.
NOTE 6 - Post weld heat treatment of P-6 materials shall be done at 1375F, except A240 Gr. 429 and
A268 Gr. 429 which shall be heat treated at 1200F.
NOTE 7 - When heat treatment of welds, other than longitudinal, is required for quenched and tempered
materials, the maximum heat treatment temperature shall be at least 50F below the tempering
temperature of the material. Longitudinal welds in materials with tensile properties enhanced by
a quench and temper heat treatment shall be re-heat treated in accordance with the applicable
material specification.
COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.
All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 18 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 18 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.11.2 The following rules apply for determination of thickness in application of post
weld heat treatment. The thickness to be used shall be that of the thicker piping
component measured at the weld joint except as follows:
(a)

Branch Connections - Heat Treat Thickness Provisions - Metal (other


than weld metal) added as reinforcement, whether integral or attached,
shall not be considered in determining heat treatment requirements.
Heat treatment is required, however, when the thickness through the
weld in any plane through the branch is greater than twice the minimum
material thickness requiring heat treatment, even though the thickness of
the piping components at the joint is less than the minimum thickness.
Thickness through the weld for the details shown in Appendix II shall be
computed using the following formulas:
Fig. P12 = Tb + tc
Fig. P13 = Th + tc

(b)

Slip-on and Socket Flange Fillet Welds - Heat Treat Thickness


Provisions - Heat treatment requirements that follow are applicable for
fillet welds at:
slip-on and socket welding flanges and piping connections NPS 2
and smaller,
seal welding of threaded joints in piping NPS 2 and smaller, and
attachment of external non-pressure parts such as lugs or other
pipe supporting elements in all pipe sizes.
Heat treatment is required when the thickness through the weld in any
plane is more than twice the minimum material thickness requiring heat
treatment (even though the thickness of the piping components at the joint
is less than that minimum thickness) except as follows:
(1) not required for P-No. 1 materials when weld throat thickness is 5/8
inch or less, regardless of base metal thickness;
(2) not required for P-No. 3, 4, or 5A materials when weld throat
thickness is 1/2 inch or less, regardless of base metal thickness,
provided that not less than the recommended preheat is applied, and
the specified minimum tensile strength of the base metal is less than
71,000 psi.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 19 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 19 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.12

Heat Treatment of Dissimilar Metal Joints - Heat treatment of assemblies having


welded joints between dissimilar ferritic metals, or between ferritic metals using
dissimilar ferritic filler metal, shall be at the higher of the temperature ranges for the
materials in the joint. However, cognizance must be taken of the lower critical
transformation temperatures of both materials so that heat treatment at a relatively
high temperature specified for one material does not exceed the lower critical
temperature of the other one. Welded joints including both ferritic and austenitic
piping components and filler metals or ferritic and iron, cobalt and nickel base super
alloys and filler metals shall be heat treated as required for the ferritic material or
materials unless otherwise specified in the engineering design.

8.13

Interpass Cleaning - All visible defects such as cracks, unfused areas, overlap, high
spots, poor bead contour, undercut, porosity or any other condition which might
detrimentally affect weld quality shall be corrected before the next weld bead is
deposited. The area shall be chipped out, ground or otherwise removed to sound
metal before re-welding. Slag and loose spatter shall be removed from each weld
bead and adjacent surfaces before a succeeding bead is deposited. Arc craters in
completed welds shall be filled to provide a uniform cross-section for the entire weld
length. Care shall be taken not to damage the remaining weld preparation or
adjacent base metal.

8.14

Peening - Peening shall not be performed without MPE approval, and when used
shall be included as a nonessential variable in the weld procedure. Cleaning of
welds with chipping hammers or needle descalers used to remove flux and slag is
not considered peening, as long as the weld metal is not deformed by such action on
the final weld cap pass.

8.15

Preheat and Interpass Temperature

8.15.1 Table 3 stipulates the minimum preheat requirements for welding Gas Turbine
piping. When conformance to other codes is required by the customer or local
prevailing regulations, the specific requirement shall be identified on the
drawing or in the ordering sheet and shall take precedence, but shall not be
less than that specified in Table 3.
8.15.2 There shall be no welding on any pipe whenever the pipe is not within the
specified minimum preheat temperature and the specified maximum interpass
temperature. When it is not feasible to uniformly preheat the part, local heating
may be performed in such a manner that the heated area completely surrounds
the welded area for a minimum of three inches.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 20 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 20 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE 3 Preheat and Interpass Temperatures


Material Category (Note 1)
P1 (Low Carbon Steel)

Minimum Preheat
50F for t 1 in. or TS 71 ksi

175F for t 1 in. or TS 71 ksi


175F (UTS > 70 KSI or t > 1/2 inch)
50F for all others
P4 (1-1/4 Cr - 1/2 Mo)
300F (Note 4)
P5A (2-1/4 Cr - 1 Mo)
350F (Notes 2 and 4)
P15E (9Cr-1Mo-V-Nb)
400F (Notes 2 and 4)
P6 (410SS)
400F (Note 4)
P7 (405SS, 409SS)
50F
P8 (304SS, 310SS)
50F
1-1 Cr, 1-1 Mo, - V
450F (Note 3)
Fe, Co & Ni Base Super Alloys 50F
P3 (C - 1/2 Mo)

Interpass
750F
750F
750F
750F
750F
750F
600F
750F
350F
750F
350F

Note 1 - The P number refers to the grouping of materials by the ASME B&PVC Section IX.
For GE materials not listed in ASME Section IX, contact MPE for equivalent P numbers.
Note 2 - Precautions shall be taken to assure slow cooling of pipes if preheat is not maintained until the
start of post weld heat treatment. Cooling in still air is acceptable if ambient temperature is
above 50F. If low ambient temperatures, drafts, or other conditions that could produce
detrimental effects exist, the welded regions shall be suitably insulated, or be held at 400F to
700F for at least 2 hours prior to cooling.
Note 3 - Preheat shall be maintained until the start of stress-relief treatment.
Note 4 - Materials with carbon contents greater than 0.15% or chromium greater than 3% shall be
maintained at preheat until the start of post weld heat treatment, or be held at 400F to 700F
for 2 hours minimum before cooling after completion or interruption of welding.

8.16

Pressure-Tight Welds - Pressure-tight welds shall be made with a minimum of two


layers wherever possible. Where it is impractical to use two layers, any interruptions
in the weld layer (starts or stops) should be carefully made to avoid leaks. In the
case of the shielded metal arc process, for instance, the weld shall be back stepped
in increments not exceeding the length of weld deposited with one electrode. The
end of each bead shall overlap the preceding bead by approximately 1/2 inch and
the crater shall be reduced to a minimum.

8.17

Repairs

8.17.1 Welds which do not meet the minimum specified acceptance standards shall
have the defects removed and be weld repaired if necessary.
8.17.2 Defects must be removed only to the extent that the weldment is acceptable
upon re-inspection by the same method that originally disclosed the defect prior
to weld repair.
COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.
All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 21 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 21 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.17.3 Weld repairs shall be made by a procedure qualified and approved for making
the original weld unless otherwise approved by MPE or the GE Plant Welding
Engineer.
8.17.4 The repaired areas shall be re-inspected by the same method or methods, and
shall be evaluated using the same acceptance standards that were originally
used and applied to inspection of the weld.
8.17.5 Weld repairs to base metal areas require approval via the SDR / QCR process.
8.18

Seal Welds - Seal welding shall be done by a qualified welder. Where seal welds are
employed, they shall cover all exposed threads.

8.19

Stress Relief Cycle

8.19.1 Furnaces shall be calibrated per P10A-AG2.


8.19.2 All parts shall be free of foreign material such as dirt, oil, grease, etc. before
stress relief.
8.19.3 Each furnace charge shall have a minimum of 2 thermocouples placed in direct
contact with the metal so as to adequately monitor the temperature of the
anticipated hottest and coldest sections. Alternate method of furnace control
may be used if approved by MPE or the GTO Materials Engineer.
8.19.4 All temperatures refer to metal temperature, not gas temperature.
8.19.5 The tolerance on temperatures shall be 25F.
8.19.6 Parts shall be placed in the furnace at a temperature not exceeding 800F, or
500F more than the temperature of the weldment, whichever is less.
8.19.7 The temperature shall be raised and lowered uniformly at a rate not exceeding
the following:
TABLE 4 Heating and Cooling Rates
Metal Thickness (inches) Maximum Rate (F/Hr.)
0-1
400
2
200
3
135
4 & Up
100
COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.
All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 22 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 22 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.19.8 The minimum holding time at temperature shall be 1 hour/inch of thickness or 1


hour minimum for parts less than 1 inch thick except as noted hereafter. P-4, P5A, P-5B, or P-6 materials that require heat treatment as specified in Table 3
shall be heat treated with a minimum holding time of 2 hours at temperature.
8.19.9 The weldment may be removed from the furnace when the temperature has
fallen below 600F.
8.19.10 When an entire piping assembly cannot be fit into the furnace, it is permissible
to heat treat in more than one heat provided there is at least one foot overlap
between successive heats and the parts of the assembly outside of the furnace
are protected from harmful temperature gradients.
8.19.11 The required stress relief may be performed by local heating operations
provided the procedure is approved by MPE or the GTO Materials Engineer.
8.20

Tack Welds - Tack welds that are to remain in the weld shall be made only by
qualified welders in accordance with a qualified procedure. Tack welds at the root of
pipe joints shall be made with filler metal equivalent to that used in the root pass.
Cracked or defective tack welds shall be removed prior to final welding. Tack welds
shall be kept small or shall be tapered by chipping, grinding or burring to assure
complete fusion with the subsequent weld.

8.21

Weld Filler Metal - The weld filler metal shall be identified by column letter
designation per Appendix I or by GE or AWS specification. It can be specified in the
tail of the welding symbol or as a drawing note. If not designated on the drawing,
weld filler metal shall be per Appendix I, or as approved by MPE Fabrications.

8.22

Weld Joint Cleanliness

8.22.1 Surfaces to be welded or thermally cut shall be cleaned of all foreign material
such as grease, oil, dirt, scale, slag and paint that would be detrimental to
either the weld or base material. The region cleaned shall include all of the joint
preparation surfaces and shall extend for a distance not less than 1 inch from
the edge of the joint preparation.
8.22.2 Care shall be taken when using chemical cleaning processes that the base
metal is not adversely affected by intergranular attack, alloy depletion, or
intergranular oxidation. Chemical cleaning techniques shall be referred to MPE
for evaluation.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 23 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 23 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.23

Weld Joint Designs

8.23.1 General - The weld joint design shall be per the figures in Appendix II of this
specification and the qualified and approved WPS. A welding procedure
specification shall be submitted to change joint designs.
8.23.2 Branch Connections - Piping unreinforced branch connections which abut the
outside of the run or are inserted in the opening in the run shall be attached by
fully penetrated groove welds. The welds shall be finished with cover fillet
welds having a throat dimension not less than the lesser of 0.7T (T is the
branch pipe wall thickness) or 1/4 inch. Basic joint details are shown in
Appendix II Figures P12 and P13.
Branch connections which employ integrally reinforced branch connection
fittings shall be attached by full penetration groove welds and be finished with
cover fillet welds that meet the requirements of Appendix II Figure P14.
The transverse reinforcing branch fillet shall fill and match with a smooth
transition to the fully penetrated weld matching the specific fitting.
8.23.3 Fabricated Laps - Joint designs for piping assembly fabricated laps shall be in
accordance with Appendix II Figures P15, P16, P17, P18, or P19.
8.23.4 Sleeve Joints - Welded sleeve joints are not permitted in pressure piping
applications. For other appilications, this joint type shall be approved by Design
Engineering and specifically detailed on the engineering drawings.
8.24

Weld Joint Preparation

8.24.1 All surfaces to be welded shall be suitably prepared. Undercuts, gouges and
obstructions shall be blended free of re-entrant angles to be suitable for
magnetic particle or liquid penetrant inspection. Cracks and laminations shall
be removed, except laminations may be weld repaired per the requirements of
this specification after removal to a depth of 3/8 inch from the weld prep
surface.
8.24.2 When non-ferrous alloys are cut by thermal processes, the reaction layer shall
be removed by mechanical means to bright metal.
8.24.3 When ferrous alloys are cut by thermal processes, those materials which
require preheat for welding shall have the reaction layer removed by
mechanical means to bright metal.
COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.
All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 24 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 24 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

8.25

Weld Position and Technique

8.25.1 The welding positions shall be as defined in Section IX of the ASME B&PVC.
8.25.2 Welding shall be done in the flat position whenever practical.
8.25.3 The progression of welding in the vertical position shall be upward unless the
base metal thickness is 1/8 inch or less.
8.26

Weld Weave Limitations - The weld weave limitations for SMAW shall not exceed
three (3) times the electrode core diameter for P-1, P-3, P-4, P-5A or P-5B materials,
except with the vertical up technique, the weave may be up to 6 times the core
diameter. The SMAW electrode weave limitations for all other materials shall not
exceed two (2) times the electrode diameter. For other welding processes, the
electrode weave shall not exceed 5/8 inch without prior evaluation by MPE, or by
Gas Turbine Quality Assurance, of workmanship samples suitably examined to
determine that weld quality standards can consistently be met.

8.27

Welder Identification on Production Welds

8.27.1 Each welder and welding operator shall stamp the identification mark assigned
to him/her at three foot or smaller intervals within 1 inch of each weld she/he
deposits.
8.27.2 Stamped identification of thin wall (less than 1/8 inch) parts shall not be done
unless specifically requested on the drawing.
8.27.3 As an alternate to stamping, the Supplier may keep a record of the amount and
location of welds made by each welder and welding operator.
9.

INSPECTION/TEST PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS


9.1

Required Inspections - Required inspections are per designated lot of material as


defined by GE Gas Turbines Manufacturing or by each Supplier, and approved by
Product Quality Engineering or by GE Sourcing Quality.
9.1.1

CODE N INSPECTION - Piping for Normal Fluid Service Conditions as defined


by 351A3700; i.e. service conditions not covered by ASME B31.3, Category D
Fluid Service, or Piping for Severe Cyclic Conditions, or Piping for Category M
Fluid Service, or High Pressure Piping; shall be examined and certified to the
extent specified as follows:

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 25 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 25 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

9.1.1.1

Visual examination shall be performed of sufficient materials and


components, selected at random, to satisfy the examiner that they
conform to specifications and are free from damage.

9.1.1.2

All welds shall be visually examined. The GE Gas Turbine Manufacuring


organization shall use Characteristic Verification Program Operators to
verify visual examinations.

9.1.1.3

Longitudinal welds required to have an ASME B31.3 joint factor E of 0.90


shall be subjected to spot radiographic examination of at least 1 foot in
each 100 feet of weld for each welder or welding operator. Weld lengths
radiographed shall be identified by NDE stamp.
Note: Random or spot examination will not ensure a fabrication product of a
prescribed quality level throughout. Items not examined in a lot of piping
represented by such examination may contain defects which further examination
could disclose. Specifically, if all radiographically disclosable weld defects must
be eliminated from a lot of piping, 100% radiographic examination must be
specified. (B31.3, para. 344 footnote 3.)

9.1.1.4

Random visual examination shall be made during piping erection,


including checking of alignment, supports, and cold spring.

9.1.1.5

Visual examination of erected piping shall be made for evidence of


damage that would require repair or replacement and for other evident
deviations from the intent of the design.

9.1.1.6

Not less than 5% of circumferential butt and miter groove welds shall be
examined fully by random radiography or random ultrasonic examination.
Welds to be examined shall be selected to ensure that the work of each
welder or welding operator doing the production welding is included. They
shall also be selected to maximize coverage of intersections with
longitudinal joints. At least 1 inch of the intersecting longitudinal welds
shall be examined. Welds that have been ultrasonically examined or
radiographed shall be identified by NDE stamp.
In-process examination may be substituted for all or part of the
radiographic or ultrasonic examination requirements on a weld-for-weld
basis if specified in the engineering design.
Note: Random or spot examination will not ensure a fabrication product of a
prescribed quality level throughout. Items not examined in a lot of piping
represented by such examination may contain defects which further examination
could disclose. Specifically, if all radiographically disclosable weld defects must

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 26 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 26 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

be eliminated from a lot of piping, 100% radiographic examination must be


specified. (B31.3, para. 344 footnote 3.)

9.1.1.7

9.2

The Supplier shall be assured, by examination of certifications, records,


and other evidence, that the materials and piping components are of the
specified grades, and that they have received required heat treatment,
examination, and testing. The Supplier shall provide the Purchaser (and/or
GE's Customer Representative, when available) with a certification that all
the quality control requirements of the Code and of the engineering design
have been met.

9.1.2

CODE D INSPECTION - All welds in piping for Category D Fluid Service as


designated in 351A3700 shall be 100% visually examined to satisfy that piping
components, materials, and workmanship conform to the requirements of
ASME B31.3, the engineering design, and the visual acceptance criteria for
Category D Fluid Service Welds in Table 5 herein. GE Gas Turbine
Manufacturing Organization shall use Characteristic Verification Program
Operators to verify visual examinations.

9.1.3

Inspections after Heat Treatments - Inspections of P-Nos. 3, 4, and 5 materials


shall be performed after completion of any heat treatment. Welds not
accessible for inspection after final heat treatment shall be given an
intermediate post weld heat treatment and be inspected immediately prior to
the assembly operation that causes the inaccessibility.

9.1.4

Welded Branch Connection - Examination and all required repairs to the


pressure containing weld of a welded branch connection shall be completed
before any reinforcing pad or saddle is added.

Defective Work and Progressive Sampling


9.2.1

An examined item with one or more defects that exceed the acceptance criteria
shall be replaced or repaired in conformance with 8.17 and the new work shall
be re-examined by the same methods, to the same extent, and by the same
acceptance criteria as required for the original work.

9.2.2

When required spot or random examination reveals a defect, additional


examinations and corrective repair shall be made in accordance with ASME
B31.3, para. 341.3.4 (Progressive Sampling for Examination), as follows:
(a)

two additional items of the same kind welded by the same welder or
operator from the original designated lot shall be given the same type of
examination; and

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 27 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 27 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

if the items examined are acceptable, the defective item shall be


repaired or replaced and re-examined in accordance with 9.2.1, and all
items represented by this additional examination shall be accepted; but
if any of the items examined as required by (a) reveals a defect, two
further samples of the same kind shall be examined for each defective
item found by that sampling; and
if all the items examined as required by (c) are acceptable, the defective
item(s) shall be repaired or replaced and re-examined as specified in
9.2.1, and all items represented by this additional examination shall be
accepted; but
if any of the items examined as required by (c) reveals a defect, all items
represented by the progressive examination shall be either:
(1) Repaired or replaced and re-examined as required, or
(2) Fully examined and repaired or replaced as necessary, and reexamined as necessary to meet the requirements of this
specification.
Note: Random or spot examination will not ensure a fabrication product of a
prescribed quality level throughout. Items not examined in a lot of piping
represented by such examination may contain defects which further examination
could disclose. Specifically, if all radiographically disclosable weld defects must
be eliminated from a lot of piping, 100% radiographic examination must be
specified. (B31.3, para. 344 footnote 3.)

9.2.3

9.3

All applicable non-destructive evaluation (NDE), including leak testing, is


required to be re-applied whenever a piping component has been subject to
rewelding and/or re-heat treatment after initial NDE and or leak testing.

In-Process Examination
9.3.1

Piping assemblies that cannot be suitably subjected to radiographic or


ultrasonic audit examination as required may be in-process examined on a
weld-for-weld basis if specified in the engineering design

9.3.2

In-process examination comprises examination of the following, as applicable:


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

joint preparation and cleanliness;


preheating;
fit-up, joint clearance, and internal alignment prior to joining;
variables specified by the joining procedure including electrode, filler
metal, and position;
condition of the root pass after cleaning -- both external and, where
accessible, internal -- aided by liquid penetrant or magnetic particle

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 28 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 28 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

(f)
(g)

9.4

9.5

examination when specified in the engineering design;


slag removal and weld condition between passes; and
appearance of the finished joint.

9.3.3

The method of in-process-examination is visual in accordance with ASME


B&PVC, Section V., Article 9.

9.3.4

Acceptance criteria are as stated for the applicable category of visual


examination herein and in the engineering drawing.

9.3.5

Records of in-process-examinations are required.

Inspection Personnel
9.4.1

Inspectors shall have training and experience commensurate with the needs of
the specified inspections (SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for NDT
Personnel Qualification and Certification, may be used as a guide). As a
minimum, all inspection personnel, except visual, shall be Level 2. For visual
inspection of welds, AWS B1.11 may be used as a guide. The employer shall
certify and maintain records of the inspectors employed, showing dates and
results of personnel qualifications. These records shall be maintained by the
Supplier for 5 years after completion of fabrication.

9.4.2

In-process examinations, excluding visual examination, shall be performed by


personnel other than those performing the production work.

Inspection Methods
9.5.1

The inspection methods shall be in accordance with the following


specifications. Inspection procedures shall be maintained by the Supplier for
five years after completion of fabrication.
Visual - ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article 9.
Radiography - ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article 2.
Magnetic Particle - ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V,
Article 7.
Liquid Penetrant - ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article 6.
Ultrasonic - ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article 5.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 29 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 29 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

9.6

Acceptance Standards
9.6.1

Welds shall be inspected using acceptance standards specified herein. These


standards meet or exceed those of ASMEB31.3 for Normal Fluid Service
Conditions and Category D Fluid Service piping.

TABLE 5 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: RT and VT


Category D and Normal Fluid Service (Only Visual Inspection Required for Category D)
IMPERFECTION

RT VISUAL ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

CRACK
LACK OF FUSION
INCOMPLETE
PENETRATION
INTERNAL POROSITY
SLAG INCLUSION OR
ELONGATED INDICATION

X
X
X

X
X
X

Zero (No evident imperfection permitted)


Zero (No evident imperfection permitted)
Zero (No evident imperfection permitted)

X
X

-----

UNDERCUTTING
SURFACE POROSITY OR
EXPOSED SLAG
INCLUSION
CONCAVE ROOT
SURFACE
REINFORCEMENT (1) OR
INTERNAL PROTRUSION
WORKMANSHIP

-----

X
X

Per B&PV Code, Sec VIII, Division 1 Appendix 4


Max of 2Tw Long; Max. of 0.125 inch or 0.5Tw wide, whichever
is smaller. Cumulative length: Max. of 4Tw in any 6.0 inch
length.
Max. of 0.03 inch or 0.25Tw, whichever is smaller. (2)
Zero (No evident imperfection permitted)

Total joint thickness, including weld reinforcement greater than


or equal to Tw
--X
0.062 inch Max. up to Tw of 0.250 inch
0.125 inch Max. over Tw of 0.250 inch
--X
Grinder marks, gouges, cold laps, non-uniform fill, or other
questionable stress risers in the weld or in the adjacent piping
is not permitted and shall be blended or polished smooth.
Blending may not reduce the pipe wall below Tw.
(1) REINFORCEMENT LIMITS ARE DOUBLE ABOVE VALUES FOR CATEGORY D PIPE
(2) NO UNDERCUTTING PERMITTED FOR LONGITUDINAL GROOVE WELDS (ALONG PIPE AXIS)
Tw = Pipe wall thickness, minimum

TABLE 6 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: MT and PT


Category D and Normal Fluid Service
IMPERFECTION MT PT ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
CRACK

Zero (No evident imperfection permitted)

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 30 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 30 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE 7 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: UT


Category D and Normal Fluid Service
Indications are unacceptable if the amplitude exceeds the reference level established by the
basic calibration block for ultrasonic examination of welds as stipulated in ASME Boiler and
Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article 5, and the lengths exceed the following:
1/4 in. for T up to 3/4 in.
1/3T for T from 3/4 in. to 2-1/4
Where T is the thickness of the weld, or thinner member
in.
when parts of unequal thickness are butt welded together.
3/4 in. for T over 2-1/4 in. where
Where indications are interpreted as cracks, lack of fusion, or lack of penetration, they are
unacceptable regardless of length.
TABLE 8 Inspection Acceptance Criteria: Additional Visual
IMPERFECTION
SURFACE FINISH
WELD CONTOUR

RT VISUAL
--X
--X

WELD WEAVE OR
STRINGERS
WELD WIDTH & SIZE
WELD SPATTER AND
SLAG

---

-----

X
X

9.7

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
Workmanship appearance, smooth and uniform
Feather edge transition into base metal,
absence of sharp edge and no indication of
cold lap.
Small uniform size leaving smooth contour
without any sharp edges/notches.
Changes within limits to be gradual.
Weld and adjacent base metal to be visually
free from slag and weld spatter.

Hardness Tests
9.7.1

Hardness tests shall be conducted on piping assemblies of P-Nos. 3, 4, 5A, 5B,


15E, and 6 materials, after heat treatment.

9.7.2

Hardness tests of production welds and of hot bent and hot formed piping are
intended to verify satisfactory heat treatment. The hardness limit applies to the
weld and to the heat affected zone (HAZ) tested as close as practicable to the
edge of the weld.

9.7.3

When dissimilar metals are joined by welding, the hardness limits specified for
the base and welding materials shall be met for each material.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 31 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 31 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

9.7.4

At least 10% of welds, hot bends, and hot formed components of those
materials in each furnace heat treated batch, and 100% of those locally heat
treated, shall be tested. The maximum hardness in the weld and heat affected
zone (tested as close as practicable to the edge of the weld) shall be as
specified herein. Brinell tests shall not be performed on pipes smaller than 2
inch O.D. or with wall thickness less than 0.2 inch.
TABLE 9 Hardness Limitations

Base Metal Weld Metal Analysis


P-Number
A-Number
3
2, 11
4
3
5A
4, 5
15E
5
6
6
9.8

Base Metal Group Brinell Hardness, Max.


C - Mo
225
1 Cr - Mo
225
2 Cr - 1 Mo
241
9 Cr - 1 Mo - V - Nb
279
410 SS
241

Leak Tests
9.8.1

The standard factory performance testing shall serve as the standard leak test
for all gas turbine piping systems on units and associated peripheral
skids/hardware except as follows.

9.8.2

Fuel gas and steam injection piping will be hydrostatically tested as individual
fabrications at a pressure at least 1.5 times the respective design pressure.
Refer to the job specific hydrostatic testing specification, typically MLI 0204 or
an equivalent specification.

9.8.3

Paras. 9.8.1 and 9.8.2 are noted exceptions to ASME B31.3 requirements.
Inclusion of the hydrostatic leak test requirement on GE Gas Turbine piping
and accessory systems piping is an optional feature when customer-specified.
Hydrostatic testing (or pneumatic) is a requirement for European PED
Compliance for Category I, II, and III piping. Refer to the specific GE drawings
or specifications for notes and other criteria for PED compliance.

9.8.4

GE shall advise the piping or equipment Supplier in writing when hydrostatic


tests or witnessing by the customer is required.

9.8.5

The ASME B31.3 Alternative Leak Test in accordance with paragraph 345.9
may be used where required subject to the conditions specified by the Code.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 32 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 32 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

9.8.6

Piping welds that are made as a result of cutting and fitting a previously welded
part requires a Leak test.

10. NOTES
None

/js 04-21-2014
COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.
All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 33 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 33 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

APPENDIX I: FILLER METAL SELECTION


I-1

Scope
This section on filler metal selection is provided as a consideration when other
directions or specifications are not provided.

I-2

Use of Filler Metal Tables


To use the Filler Metal Selection Tables I.1-I.3, locate the row of the first base metal to
be joined and the column of the second base metal to be joined. The intersect of the
column and row gives the recommended Filler Metal Column to be used for that base
metal combination. If the box is on the top-right half of the table, switch the column and
row as only half of the table is filled in to prevent duplication. If no filler metal is listed for
a particular combination, contact MPE to determine correct filler metal.

I-3

Use of Filler Metal Columns


Once a Filler Metal Column is determined from Tables I.1 through I.3, use Table I.4 to
determine the acceptable filler metals for that Column.
Unless the process is specified on the engineering drawing, Weld Filler Metals in the
same Column may be used interchangeably provided that (1) there is a qualified
procedure for that class of filler and process, (2) the electrode and process are suitable
for use in the intended welding position and within any limitations imposed on joint
accessibility by component configuration, and (3) consideration has been given to the
advisability of use of low carbon version of electrodes to avoid intergranular carbide
precipitation and reduced weld corrosion resistance, or to avoid lower weld creep and
rupture strength that may result from use of the low carbon versions. MPE shall be
consulted regarding the details of items (2) and (3).

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 34 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 34 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.1 FILLER METAL SELECTION TABLE


ASME
No.
BASE METAL
WELDED TO

P1

P3

P3

P4

P5A

P15E

P11

P6

P7

Low
Carbon
Steel

Corten

Mo

1 Cr- Mo
and 1 Cr-
Mo

2 Cr1Mo

Grade
91

T-1

403,
410

405,
409

P1

Low Carbon Steel

AB

P1

Low Carbon Steel Low Temp Service

AD

P3
P3

Corten
Mo

AB
AB

AB
AB

P4

1 Cr- Mo and 1
Cr- Mo

AB

AB

AI

P5A
P15E
P11
P6
P7
P8
P8
P8
P8
P8
P8
P42
P43
P43
P45
-

2 Cr- 1Mo
Grade 91
T-1
403, 410
405, 409
304
304L
309, 309S, 310
316
316L
321, 347
Monel 400
Inconel 600
Inconel 625
Incoloy 800
X40, X45, FSX-414

AB
BK
AB
AB/AT
AB/AT
Note 3
Note 3
Note 3
Note 3
Note 3
Note 3
BD
BC
BI
BC

AB

AL

AG

BT
BK
AN

AS

Note 3
Note 3

AS
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT

BT
BT
BT
BT
BT
BT

BA

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 35 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 35 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.2 FILLER METAL SELECTION TABLE (CONTINUED)


ASME No.

P15E
P8
P8
P8
P8
P8
P8
P43
-

P8

P8

P8

P8

P8

P8

BASE METAL WELDED TO

304

304L

309, 309S, 310

316

316L

321, 347

Grade 91
304
304L
309, 309S, 310
316
316L
321, 347
Inconel 625
X40, X45, FSX-414

BT
AE

BT

BT

BT

BT

AE
AH
AH-L
AE-L

AE-L
AE-L
AH-L
AH-L
AE-L

BH

BH

AU/AF
AH
AH-L
BE
BI

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 36 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 36 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.3 FILLER METAL SELECTION TABLE (CONTINUED)

ASME No.

P8
P42
P43
P43
P43
P45

BASE
METAL
WELDED
TO
321, 347
19-9 DL
Monel 400
Inconel
600
Hastelloy
X
RA333
Inconel
625
Incoloy
800
Inconel
718
N155
L 605
X40, X45,
FSX-414

199DL

P42

P43

P43

P43

P45

Monel
400

Inconel
600

Hastelloy
X

RA333

Inconel
625

Incoloy
800

AZ

AZ

BC

AZ

AZ

BC

Inconel
718

N155

L605

X40,
X45,
FSX414

BC
AP
BD
BC

BI
BC

BC
BJ
AQ
BA

BC

BC

AO

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 37 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 37 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS


Code

AA

NOTES

GE Spec
B21B10A
B21B10B
B21B10D
B21B40A2
B21B89A
B21B81A
None
None
None
None
None
B50A631B,C
B50A631D,E
B21B126C1
B21B126C2
None
B21B90B
B21B60
None
B21B90D

Industry
Spec
A5.1
A5.1
A5.1
A5.1
A5.1
A5.1
A5.1
A5.17
A5.17
A5.17
A5.17
A5.20
A5.20
A5.20
A5.20
A5.20
A5.18
A5.18
A5.18
A5.18

ASTM/ASME
Classification
E6010
E6020
E6013
E7016
E6027
E7018
E7018-1
F6A2-EL8K
F6A2-EL12
F7A2-EM12K
F7A2-EM13K
E70T-1
E71T-1
E70T-4
E70T-G
E70T-6
ER70S-2
ER70S-3
ER70S-4
ER70S-6

ASME FNo.
3
1
2
4
1
4
4
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

UNS
No.

Trade
Name

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 38 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 38 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED)


Code

NOTES

AB

AD

AE

AE-L

GE Spec
B21B40A2
B21B81A
None
None
None
None
None
B21B103
B21B153
B21B152
B21B90B
None
B21B90D
None
None
None
None
None
None
B21B29
B21B101
B21B144A1
B21B120
B21B137
B21B144B1,B2

Industry
Spec
A5.1
A5.1
A5.1
A5.17
A5.17
A5.17
A5.20
A5.20
A5.20
A5.20
A5.18
A5.18
A5.18
A5.5
A5.5
A5.23
A5.28
A5.29
A5.29
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22

ASTM/ASME
Classification
E7016
E7018
E7018-1
F7P2-EM12K
F7P2-EM13K
F7P2-EH14
E71T-1C
E70T-1
E71T-1
E70T-5
ER70S-2
ER70S-4
ER70S-6
E8016C1
E8018C1
F7A8-ENi2-Ni2
ER80S-Ni2
E80T1-Ni2
E81T1-Ni2
E308-15/16
ER308
E308TX-Y
E308L-15/16
ER308L
E308LTX-Y

ASME FNo.
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
4
4
6
6
6
6
5
6
6
5
6
6

UNS
No.

Trade
Name

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 39 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 39 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED)


Code

NOTES

AF

AG

AH

AH-L

AI

GE Spec
B21B34A
B21B99
None
None
None
None
B21B69
B21B31
None
B21B131
B31B138
None
B21B54A2
B21B134A1
None
None
None
None
B21B1507
None
None
None

Industry
Spec
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
A5.5
A5.5
A5.29
A5.9
A5.4
A5.22
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
A5.5
A5.5
A5.5
A5.5
A5.29
A5.29
A5.29
A5.29
A5.28
A5.28

ASTM/ASME
Classification
E310-15/16
ER310
E310TX-Y
E7016-A1
E7018-A1
E70T5-A1
ER316
E316-15/16
E316TX-Y
E316L-15/16
ER316L
E316LTX-Y
E8015/16-B2
E8018-B2
E8016-B2L
E8018-B2L
E80T5-B2
E80T5-B2L
E80T1-B2
E81T1-B2
ER80S-B2
ER80S-B2L

ASME FNo.
5
6
6
4
4
6
6
5
6
5
6
6
4
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
6
6

UNS
No.

Trade
Name

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 40 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 40 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED)


Code NOTES

AL

AN

AP
AQ
AR
AS

1, 2

AT

1, 2

AU

2, 3

AU-L

2, 3

GE Spec

Industry Spec

B21B44A2
B21B92A2
B21B156
None
None
None
B21B123A2
None
None
None
B21B26
None
B50A485
None
obsolete
B21B35
B21B77
None

A5.5
A5.5
A5.28
A5.23
A5.29
A5.29
A5.1
A5.28
A5.29
A5.29
AMS 5782, A5.4
AMS 5782, A5.9
AMS 5795BM
AMS 5794A

B21B33
B21B135
None
B21B157
None
None

A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22

ASTM/ASME
Classification
E9015/16-B3
E9018-B3
ER90S-B3
F9PZ-EB3-B9
E91T5-B3
E9XT1-B3
E11018M
ER110S-1
E110T5-K4
E111T1-K4
E349-15/16
ER349

E410-15/16
ER410
E410TX-Y
E410NiMo
ER410NiMo
E410NiMoTX-X
E309-15/16
ER309
E309TX-Y
E309L-15/16
ER309L
E309LTX-Y

ASME F-No.
4
4
6
6
6
6
4
6
6
6
5
6

UNS No. Trade Name

19-9 W Mo
19-9 W Mo
Multimet N-155
Multimet N-155

4
6
6
4
6
6
5
6
6
5
6
6

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 41 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 41 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

TABLE I.4 FILLER METAL COLUMNS (CONTINUED)


Code NOTES GE Spec
AY
AZ
BA
BC
BD
BE

BH
BI
BJ

BK

BT

3, 6

obsolete
B21B111
B21B63B2
B21B70
B21B88
B21B110
None
None
B21B30
B21B17
None
B50A824
same as BB
None
None
None
None
None

Industry Spec

ASTM/ASME Classification ASME F-No. UNS No.

AMS 5798
AMS 5797
AMS 5796
A5.11
A5.14
A5.11
A5.14
A5.4
A5.9
A5.22
None
AMS 5837, A5.14

ERNiCrMo-2

43

ENiCrFe-3
ERNiCr-3
ENiCu-7
ERNiCu-7
E347-15/16
ER347
E347TX-Y
Mar-M918
ERNiCrMo-3

43
43
42
42
5
6
6

A5.28
A5.29
A5.23
A5.5
A5.5

ER90S-B9
E100T1-B9M
F9PX-EB9-B9
E9015-B9
E9016-B9

6
6
6
4
4

AMS 5786/5787

ERNiMo-3/ENiMo-3

N06002

Trade Name
Hastelloy X

R30605 L-605, Haynes 25


W86182
Inco 182
N06082
Inco 82

43

44

N06625

Inconel 625

N10004

EPRI P87
Hastelloy W

NOTE 1

Weldments between 410 and Cr-Mo steels should be limited to applications where the
operating temperature is below 950F (510 C).

NOTE 2

For FCAW electrodes, X may be 0 or 1, and Y may be 1 or 4 as appropriate for the


qualified welding procedure.

NOTE 3

See the section titled Dissimilar Metal Welds in this specification.

NOTE 4

Haynes 556 is prone to microfissuring. The filler metal listed in Col BI or Col BL are much
less prone to objectionable microfissuring.

NOTE 5

E9015-B9 is recommended over the E9016-B9 and E9018-B9, as it doesn't contain iron
powder and so eliminates one source of contaminates.

NOTE 6

EPRI P87 is available from Euroweld. EPRI P87 is preferable to Hastelloy W because
there is test data from EPRI for the P87 that is specific to dissimilar metal weld
applications. Hastelloy W chromium content is similar to EPRI P87, but it has not been
tested for viability as a dissimilar metal weld.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 42 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 42 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

APPENDIX II: WELD JOINT DESIGNS


PREFERRED WELD JOINT DESIGNS FOR PIPING WELDS
II.1

If a preferred weld preparation does not suit the required application, the weld
preparation shall be described by the weld symbol.

II.2

Allowable tolerances on angles for weld preparation is + 2-1/2 unless otherwise


stated.

II.3

Fig. P8 is special socket weld for fuel nozzle application; use on piping components
is considerd a deviation from standard practice. Use of it requires the responsible
Design Engineering organizations approval.

II.4

Backing rings are not allowed (Fig. P2).

II.5

Sleeve fabrications are not allowed (Fig. P3).

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 43 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 43 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

Fig P1, P5-P8, P10

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 44 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 44 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

FIG. P10A & P10B


Joint Alignment Tolerances for Open Root Butt Welds1

B = 30 max
D = 2 times offset O, min
E = Not to exceed amount permitted by W
F = Not less than 4 times E

G = 3/32 inch min to 5/32 inch max


O = 1/16 inch max
W = not less than minimum design
thickness

1) B31.3, Fig. 328.4.3

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 45 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 45 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

Fig P12 through P13:


Unreinforced Branch Attachment Welds

Fig - P12

Fig. - P13

Tb = Nominal Thickness, Branch.


tc = Throat Thickness, the lesser of 0.7Tb or 0.25 in (6mm)
Th = Nominal Thickness, Header
NOTE: These sketches show minimum acceptable welds. Welds may be
larger than shown here.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 46 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 46 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

FIG. P14
Integrally Reinforced Branch Outlet Fitting

Tb = Nominal Thickness, Branch.


tc = Throat Thickness, the lesser of 0.7Tb or 0.25 in (6mm)
Th = Nominal Thickness, Header
W = Weld leg, the lessor of 1.4 tc or 0.35 in ( 9mm), but not less than 0.19 in
(4.8mm)
Note 1: Inert gas backing required.
Note 2: Transverse Section, blend weld in to pipe, No undercuts permitted.
The fillet size is determined base on leg not throat. The branch fillet
weld must fill and match with as smooth rransition to the fully
penetrated weld matching the specific fitting.
Note 3: Refer to Figure P14.1 and P14.2 below for additional requirements
and a weld pass example.
Note 4: Interpass temperature limits must be strictly followed.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 47 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 47 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

Fig P14.1 through P14.2


Branch Outlet and Weld Pass Sequence

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 48 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 48 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

Fig P15 through P19

Fig. P19

TYPICAL FABRICATED LAPS


c = Sum of mechanical allowances + corrosion or erosion allowances.
= Normal Thickness, T2 = Lap Thickness
Laps shall be machined (front and back) or trued after welding. Plate flanges or lap joint
flanges per ASME B16.5 may be used. Welds may be machined to radius, as in Fig.
P19, if necessary to match B16.5 lap joint flanges.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 49 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 49 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

APPENDIX III: DIRECTIVE 97/23/EC


ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS IN CONFORMANCE WITH DIRECTIVE 97/23/EC OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 29 May 1997 ON THE
APPROXIMATION OF THE LAWS OF THE MEMBER STATES CONCERNING PRESSURE
EQUIPMENT.
1.

Scope
Where Directive 97/23/EC is specifically noted in the purchase agreement or on the face
of design documentation, these additional requirements shall also be met.

2.

Applicable Documents
Directive of European Parliament concerning pressure equipment.
Directive 97/23/EC of the European parliament and the Council of 29 May 1997 on the
approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning pressure equipment.

3.

Qualification Requirements
3.1

Welding Procedure Qualification


In addition to the requirements set forth in Paragraphs 5.1 and 5.2 of this
specification, the following requirements shall also apply to qualify a procedure for
fabricating the components that are defined in Para. 1.1.3.
3.1.1

Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) and the Procedure Qualification Report


(PQR) shall conform to the requirements of European Standard EN288.

3.1.2

For pressure equipment in categories II, III and IV, welding procedures must be
approved by a competent third party, i.e., notified body or a third-party
organization recognized by a EU Member State, at the manufacturers
discretion.

3.1.3

The third party must perform examinations and tests as set out in the
appropriate harmonized standards or equivalent examinations and tests or
must have them performed. This requires a certificate to be provided to indicate
that test coupons were welded in the presence of the third party. Testing is to
be done per EN 288 requirements. In addition, the third party must witness the
testing of the weld specimens. The latter may be waived if the specimens are
tested by a laboratory with ISO EN 17025 certification or equivalent (in the
USA, A2LA accreditation.)."

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR

DWG Number P8A-AG3

Rev U

Released 10/27/2014

Page 50 of 50

g
P8A-AG3
REV. U

GE Power & Water

Page 50 of 50

Materials and Processes Engineering


GE CLASS II (INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL)
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED OR TRANSMITTED ELECTRONICALLY

3.2

Welder Performance Qualification - In addition to the requirements set forth in


Section 6 of this specification, the following requirements shall also apply to qualify
welders for fabricating the components that are defined in Para. 1.1.2.
3.2.1

All welders shall be qualified in conformance with EN287.

3.2.2

For pressure equipment in categories II, III and IV, welding personnel must be
approved by a competent third party, i.e., notified body or a third-party
organization recognized by an EU Member State, at the manufacturers
discretion.

3.2.3

Welder approval tests must be carried out in the presence of the third party.
Specimen tests are to be done in accordance with the ASME B&PVC Section
IX and EN 287. In addition, the third party must witness the testing of the weld
specimens. The latter may be waived if the specimens are tested by a
laboratory with ISO EN 17025 certification or equivalent (in the USA, A2LA
accreditation.)."

3.2.4

Welders' Approval Certificates from the third party will be provided for all
welders approved for Pressure Equipment Directive Categories II, III and IV
applications.

4.

Document Retention
Technical documentation (of which welding procedure and welder approval documents
are a part) shall be kept for a period of ten years following completion of fabrication.

5.

Inspection/Test Procedures and Requirements


For pressure equipment, non-destructive tests of permanent joints must be carried out by
suitable qualified personnel. For pressure equipment in categories III and IV, the
personnel must be approved by a third-party organization recognized by a Member State.
In addition, technical documentation (of which NDE test procedure and NDE personnel
approval records are a part) shall be kept for a period of ten years following completion of
fabrication.

COPYRIGHT 1989-2014 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND ITS AFFILIATES.


All rights reserved. The information contained herein is Proprietary Technical Information that belongs to General Electric Company, GE
Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or their affiliates, which has been provided solely for the express reason of restricted private use. All persons,
firms, or corporations who receive such information shall be deemed by the act of their receiving the same to have agreed to make no
duplication, or other disclosure, or use whatsoever for any, or all such information except as expressly authorized in writing by General Electric
Company, GE Power & Water (USA), LLC and/or its affiliates.
GE Proprietary Information - Class II (Internal) US EAR - NLR