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8, AUGUST 2009

2821

Action for a Three-Phase Three-Wire Shunt

Active Power Filter

Bachir Kedjar, Member, IEEE, and Kamal Al-Haddad, Fellow, IEEE

of a Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) with Integral action

(LQRI) for a three-phase three-wire shunt active filter (SAF). The

integral action is added so as to cancel the steady-state errors

for reference tracking or disturbance rejection, knowing that the

standard LQR provides only proportional gains. The controller

is designed to achieve dc bus voltage regulation and harmonics

and reactive power compensation. The converter model is set in

the dq rotating reference frame. The latter is augmented with

the integral of the q component of the SAF currents and dc bus

voltage to achieve integral action. The controllers performance

depends on the weighting matrix, which is chosen to ensure satisfactory response. The converter is controlled as a whole, i.e., a

multi-inputmultioutput system and a fixed pulsewidth modulation at 10 kHz is used to generate the gating signals of the power

devices. The system is tested for harmonics, reactive power, and

load unbalance compensation for balanced/unbalanced loads. The

experimental results obtained with a digital signal processor-based

implementation of the controller on the DS1104 of dSPACE show

good performance in terms of dc bus voltage regulation (small

overshoot and very fast time response) and a low total harmonic

distortion of ac line currents.

Index TermsDigital signal processor (DSP), linear quadratic

regulator (LQR), optimal control, shunt active power filter.

I. I NTRODUCTION

OWADAYS, active filters are widely used in industrial applications in order to meet the international power quality

standards. By compensating for load harmonics, unbalances,

reactive power, and utility voltage unbalances, these filters

ensure that the input currents have a near-sinusoidal shape and

are in phase with the mains voltage. Currently, there is a large

variety of such filters available; however, the three-phase threewire shunt active filter (SAF) is the most used topology [1], [2].

Active filters are now directly integrated in power conversion

processes at both generation and distribution levels [3], [4] and

also integrated to motor control conversion schemes [5].

The linear control of SAF was applied in [6] because of

its simplicity to investigate direct and indirect current controls

Manuscript received July 31, 2007; revised August 27, 2008. First published

October 31, 2008; current version published July 24, 2009. This work was

supported by the Canadian Research Chair in Electric Energy Conversion and

Power Electronics.

The authors are with the Electrical Engineering Department and the Canada

Research Chair in Electric Energy Conversion and Power Electronics, cole

de Technologie Suprieure, Montreal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada (e-mail: bachir.

kedjar@ens.etsmtl.ca; kamal@ele.etsmtl.ca).

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TIE.2008.2006027

the supply current references using the pq theory and only

the constant part of the power demand by the load improves the

performance in terms of the total harmonic distortion (THD)

of these currents. Nonlinear control in the dq reference frame

using input/output feedback linearization and exact linearization techniques is used in [7] and [8] in order to enhance the

dynamic performance of SAFs. These techniques of control

eliminate steady-state errors in the dc bus voltage and fundamental reactive current but not in the harmonic currents when

treated in the dq reference frame and proportionalintegral

(PI) regulators are used. In order to cancel this steady-state error

in those ac components, PI combined with S regulator which

uses Sine transfer function with specified resonant frequency

leading to PIS, repetitive and hybrid regulators were introduced.

In [9], the PIS was successfully applied to the voltage source

rectifier, SAF, and static synchronous compensator by canceling the steady-state error in the sinusoidal mains currents for

which this kind of controller is suitable. In [10], the repetitive

control which is suitable for multifrequency applications is used

to attenuate or reject the effect of harmonics and unbalance

of load currents in the three-phase three-wire uninterruptible

power system inverter voltages, leading to better performance

compared to conventional controllers. In [11], two feedback

schemes of the delay line simulating the infinite number of

oscillators in the repetitive control were proposed. Feedforward terms were added to both schemes in order to modify

the internal model characteristics of the repetitive controller

and then to improve performance. Analog implementations of

these useful repetitive controllers that can compensate for odd

harmonics or all harmonics using ICs are also given. In [12]

and [13], the digital repetitive controller dedicated to only

odd harmonics was also used for the single phase active filter

and the three-phase four-wire SAF, respectively. This controller does not introduce high gains for even harmonics [14],

thereby improving its robustness. In [15], a repetitive controller

dedicated for 6l 1 harmonic components is applied for the

SAF to compensate current harmonics produced by a threephase diode bridge. In [16], a hybrid version that combines the

features of multisynchronous PI and multiresonant regulators

which the authors called a single synchronous reference frame

hybrid (SSFH) controller was also successfully applied to the

SAF. The SSFH was compared to multisynchronous PI and

multiresonant controllers and found the best solution in terms of

computational time for multifrequency applications particularly

2822

papers previously referred to, the cascade control strategy is

used, where the outer loop uses a simple PI for the dc bus

voltage regulation and the inner one for the currents.

Artificial neural network techniques were applied to the SAF

in [17] because of their learning capabilitfy, which allowed

the improvement of performance by taking into account timevarying parameters. In that paper, adalines were used to extract

direct, inverse, and zero-sequence components of the voltages

at the point of common coupling (PCC), harmonic currents,

and to control the active filter. This full neuromimetic control

strategy was found superior to the low-pass filter with RST

controller.

The aforementioned methods that help to eliminate the

steady-state error in the ac components of the SAFs currents

or improve its robustness increase the complexity of their

implementation.

The linear quadratic regulator (LQR) based on the optimal

control of three-phase acdc converters with unity power factor was applied for sinusoidal current pulsewidth modulation

(PWM) rectifiers and the neutral point clamped PWM rectifier

in [18] and [19]. An optimal servo-controller was also applied

in [20] to the current inner loop of the SAF in the cascade

strategy where an outer loop used a simple PI regulator for the

dc bus voltage.

In this paper, the LQR was chosen so as to control the

SAF as a whole. This approach was resorted to, because it is

suitable for multi-inputmulti-output systems such as the SAF

in addition to being insensitive to small parameter variations

[14]. Integral action as in [21][24] was incorporated into the

LQR to complement the proportional action of this regulator.

The converters large signal model in the dq rotating frame as

reported in [7], [8], and [18] is rewritten and linearized around

a set point. The small-signal averaged model, which includes

the integral action, is then obtained. This modeling technique

allowed us to design the Linear Quadratic Regulator with

Integral action (LQRI) using the small-signal model. Taking

advantage of the LQR controller robustness [22], the latter is

used for the large-signal model describing the SAF dynamics to

regulate the dc bus voltage and to keep the power factor at PCC

close to unity. Using this approach, it becomes easier to find

the optimal gains of the controller with the acceptable tracking

of the SAFs current components for the whole operating range.

Moreover, the aforementioned methods that use indirect control

or help to eliminate the steady-state error in the ac components

of the SAFs currents or improve its robustness require more

computational time compared to the proposed one. The experimental results were carried out using a digital signal processor

(DSP)-based implementation on the DS1104 of dSPACE, which

confirmed the validity of the proposed control strategy.

This paper is organized as follows. In Section II, the SAFs

model in the dq rotating frame and its linearization around a

set point are presented. The optimal control law using an LQR

with integral action to cancel steady-state errors for the SAF

is derived in Section III. Section IV describes the control strategys DSP-based implementation. Various experimental results

in steady-state and transient operating modes are presented in

Section V. Finally, the conclusion is given in Section VI.

Fig. 1.

The topology of the three-phase shunt active filter with a balanced nonlinear load such as a three-phase diode bridge feeding

an R-L load and an unbalanced nonlinear load, represented by

a single-phase diode bridge R-L load, is shown in Fig. 1.

The state-space model in the dq rotating reference frame at

the mains angular frequency of the SAF is presented in [7], [8],

and [18]. The zero-sequence components of mains voltages and

currents are nil for a balanced three-phase source voltage and a

nonconnected neutral point. The three state variable equations

describing the SAF dynamics are given in (1.a)(1.c):

[ vd

[ id

[ dd

vq

R

dd

1

did

= id + iq vdc + vd

dt

L

L

L

diq

R

dq

1

= id iq vdc + vq

dt

L

L

L

3

dvdc

=

(dd id + dq iq )

dt

2C

(1.b)

vo ]T = K[ va

(1.d)

vb

iq

io ] = K[ ia

ib

dq

do ]T = K[ da

db

vc ]T

(1.a)

(1.c)

(1.f)

dc ]T

(1.g)

ic ]

4

sin t sin t 2

sin

t

3

3

2

. (1.h)

K = cos t cos t 2

cos t 4

3

3

3

3

3

3

2

vector and the control input vector, respectively. The statespace model [(1)], which is valid for large signal operation,

is nonlinear, since it contains multiplication terms of the state

variables and inputs.

The equilibrium point is obtained by making time derivatives

of (1.a)(1.c) equal to zero and by substituting all variables

KEDJAR AND AL-HADDAD: DSP-BASED IMPLEMENTATION OF LQR WITH INTEGRAL ACTION FOR POWER FILTER

point is then

The small-signal model given in (3) is obtained using linearization around the previously mentioned operating point

dx

= A x + B u + E v

dt

(3)

where

x = [ id

vdc ]T

iq

u = [ dd

dq ]

v = [ vd

(3.a)

T

vq ] .

(3.b)

vectors, respectively. The matrices A, B, and E which represent the state, control, and disturbance matrices, respectively,

are given by

DLd

L

D

(3.c)

Lq

A = R

L

3D

3Dd

q

0

2C

2C

Vdc

L

0

0

L

VLdc E = 0 L1 .

B= 0

(3.d)

3Iq

3Id

0 0

2C

2C

The LQR is designed in the dq frame. The linear smallsignal model [(3)] is used to calculate the control law u =

Kx. The control law is provided by the minimization of the

following LQR cost function:

J = (xT Qx + uT Ru)dt

(4)

which are square and symmetric.

Typically, in linear control theory [25], matrix gain K is

given by

K = R1 BT P

(4.a)

given by

AT P + PA PBR1 BT P + Q = 0.

(4.b)

The LQR control law essentially gives a multivariable proportional regulator. Integral action has been added to the controller in order to cancel the steady-state errors. Two new states

[(5)] are then added to the small-signal model [(3)]. These new

state variables are the integrals of the state variables iq and vdc

dxa

= Aa xa + Ba u + Ea v

dt

(5)

2823

where

xa = [ id

u = [ dd

iq

vdc

dq ]T

iq

v = [ vd

vdc ]T

(5.a)

vq ]T .

(5.b)

control, and disturbance vectors, respectively.

The matrices Aa , Ba , and Ea , which represent the state,

control, and disturbance matrices of the augmented system,

respectively, are computed and presented in the following:

R

DLd 0 0

D

R q 0 0

L

L

3Dq

3D

(5.c)

Aa =

0

0 0

2Cd

2C

0

1

0

0 0

0

0

1

0 0

Vdc

1

L

0

0

L

Vdc

1

0

L

0 L

3Iq

3Id

E

Ba =

=

(5.d)

0 0 .

a

2C

2C

0

0 0

0

0 0

0

0

Let us define the output equation by

y = Cxa

(6)

and the matrix C is given by

1 0 0 0 0

C = 0 1 0 0 0.

(6.a)

0 0 1 0 0

Different weighting factors Qid , Qiq , Qvdc , Q

iq

, and Q

vdc

are used for each variable, and the state weighting matrix Q is

given as follows:

Qid

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Qiq

0

0

0

0

Qvdc

(7)

Q=

.

0

0

0

0

Q iq

0

0

0

0

Q

vdc

where the same weight is chosen for both control variables:

1 0

R=W

.

(8)

0 1

Note that the cost function J is the integral sum of the performance criterion Jx [(9)] and the control effort Ju [(10)], which

are given as follows:

Jx = Qid (id )2 + Qiq (iq )2 + Qvdc (vdc )2

2

2

+ Q iq

iq + Q vdc

vdc

Ju = W (dd )2 + (dq )2 .

(9)

(10)

2824

holds in our experiments, and the weights Qid , Qiq , Qvdc ,

Q iq , and Q vdc are also chosen so as to get the fastest

dynamic response without deteriorating the steady-state one

and to avoid the saturation in any of the control variables.

One of the SAFs duties is to supply active current component to compensate for power losses in the converter devices

and other inductance in wiring cables and connectors. The SAF

must also maintain the dc bus voltage constant at its reference

value and compensate for reactive load currents.

Assuming that the SAF has zero losses, the capacitor C is

charged at its nominal value Vdc , and the averaged values of the

reactive current components are nearly zero, the steady-state

operation can be defined by the following:

Id 0

Iq 0.

V 2

Dd

Dq 0.

Vdc

(11)

(12)

Since all state variables are available and measurable, there is

no need to check for observability.

IV. S YSTEM I MPLEMENTATION

For the DSP-based implementation of the LQRI, the built-in

lqrd function of Matlab is used. This function allows designing

discrete LQ regulator for continuous plant. It designs a discrete

full-state-feedback regulator that has response characteristics

similar to a continuous state-feedback regulator designed using

lqr function.

[K, S, e] = lqrd(A, B, Q, R, Ts) calculates the discrete statefeedback law that minimizes a discrete cost function equivalent

to the continuous cost function. The equivalent discrete gain

matrix is determined by discretizing the continuous plant and

weighting matrices using the sample time Ts and the zeroorder hold approximation. The matrices A and B specify the

continuous plant dynamics, and Ts specifies the sample time of

the discrete regulator.

Matrix K obtained using the previous function is (2 5) and

then divided into its two parts Kp (2 3) which represents the

as follows:

K11 K12 K13 K14 K15

K=

(13)

K21 K22 K23 K24 K25

where

Kp =

Ki =

K11

K21

K12

K22

K14

K24

K15

K25

K13

K23

.

(14)

of the implemented controller on the DS1104 of dSPACE.

The controller (LQRI) is designed in Simulink/Matlab. The

Real-Time Workshop is used to generate C code for real-time

applications. The interface between Simulink/Matlab and the

DSP (DS1104 of dSPACE) allows running the control algorithm

on the hardware, namely, an MPC8240 processor [26], [27].

The slave DSP is used to generate the six (6) gating signals

required by the three-phase universal insulated-gate bipolar

transistor (IGBT) bridge where the PWM frequency is set to

10 kHz (sampling time of 100 s). The dead time for each

legs IGBT is set equal to 1 s. Four separate analog to digital

converters (ADCs) are used to sense two phases each of load

and SAF currents. Since the system is three wire, the third

current was deduced as ic = (ia + ib ). A multiplexed ADC

is also used to sense the synchronizing signal (filtered phase

a to neutral voltage at the secondary of 120/6-V transformer)

and the dc bus voltage. A phase-locked loop is then used to

evaluate the necessary t to perform the abc to dq0 and

reciprocal transformations. For the SAF current control in the

synchronous dq rotating reference frame, the d component

reference current is extracted from the load current using either

a high- or low-pass filter to retain all frequencies except the

fundamental [28], [29]. Here, we used the second strategy. The

a, b, and c currents of the load and the SAF are first transformed

into their dq0 components using the Parks transformation.

Since the source has to supply active current only at the mains

frequency, the SAFs current reference id is extracted from

the load current idL by subtracting its average value which

is computed at the most suitable period. This period depends

on the load current symmetry [30] which is 1/6 of the mains

KEDJAR AND AL-HADDAD: DSP-BASED IMPLEMENTATION OF LQR WITH INTEGRAL ACTION FOR POWER FILTER

period for balanced load and 1/2 for unbalanced load. The

same principle is also applied to filter out the dc bus voltage.

One can also notice that the integral action is not added to the

d component because of the aforementioned assumption. By

doing so, the SAFs d component will automatically not only

adjust to its reference obtained from the load currents but also

to that required to compensate for losses. Since the active filter

has to compensate for all load q components in order to achieve

unity power factor at the PCC, the q component reference iq is

set at the opposite of load currents (iqL ). The errors obtained

from comparing the two SAF current component references to

their measured values are then put through the LQRI regulator

and divided by the dc bus voltage to obtain the duty cycles in the

dq reference frame. These duty cycles are transformed to the

a, b, and c quantities using the inverse Parks transformation and

serve as inputs to the slave DSP to generate the gating signals

of the IGBTs.

2825

Fig. 3. (ch1) Phase to neutral source voltage, (ch2) source current, (ch3) load

current, and (ch4) SAF current waveforms in steady-state operation.

V. E XPERIMENTAL R ESULTS

The systems steady-state operation and dynamic response,

as obtained on the prototypes DSP-based control algorithm, are

presented in this section. The weighting matrix Q and weight

W have been set to values that guarantee satisfactory response.

It is important to point out that increasing the weight for a

variable leads to speed up its response and vice versa. Weights

Q and W are chosen to get a settling time between one and

two cycles of the supply mains and duty cycles, between zero

and one. These values are first generated by simulation-based

examination responses obtained using Matlabs Sim Power

Systems and Simulink

TABLE I

PHASE VOLTAGES AND LINE AND LOAD CURRENT

CHARACTERISTICS FOR BALANCED LOAD

Qid = 10 c.u./A2

Qiq = 10 c.u./A2

Qvdc = 103 c.u./V2

Q iq = 103 c.u./A2

Q

vdc

= 105 c.u./V2

W = 1 c.u.

A. Compensation of Harmonics and Reactive Power

1) Steady-State Operation: Fig. 3 shows from top to bottom

the phase voltage va , line current isa , load current iLa , and

active filter current ia in steady-state operation, respectively,

when the switch S is open (only the three-phase nonlinear load

is connected and RL1 = 13.3 ).

The measured characteristics of phase voltages and line and

load currents are summarized in Table I.

The source currents measured THD equals 4.6% while those

of the source voltage and load currents equal 4.2% and 22.7%,

respectively. This demonstrates the acceptable compensation

for harmonics by the SAF.

Fig. 4 shows the dq components of reference and measured

current of SAF in steady-state operation.

One can observe the periodicity of variables id and iq which

is 1/6 of that of the mains for a balanced load. As expected, the

tracking of the d component shows an offset between reference

(bottom) SAFs reference component iq and the latter iq for balanced load.

losses that are not taken into account and the fact that only a

proportional action of the controller is applied for this component. As for the q component, the tracking shown in Fig. 4 is

satisfactory even though the latter is alternating at six times

the network frequency. The slight difference seen between

reference and measured signals is caused by the integral part

of the controller. The gain of the integral part decreases with

the higher harmonic frequencies. In other words, the tracking

is better for low harmonic frequencies than for the higher ones.

Nevertheless, in comparison to methods that use instantaneous

abc current compensation, one can observe that the tracking

is better, thanks to the dq transformation which implies the

frequency shifting of the transformed signals.

2) Dynamic Response: Fig. 5(a) and (b) shows, when the

switch S is open (balanced load), the dc bus voltage vdc ,

2826

Fig. 6. Phase a (ch1) source voltage, (ch2) source current, (ch3) load current,

and (ch4) SAF current (ch4) waveforms in steady-state operation.

Fig. 5. (a) (ch1) DC bus voltage, (ch2) source current, (ch3) load current,

and (ch4) SAF current waveforms for load power variation from 100% to 50%.

(b) (ch1) DC bus voltage, (ch2) source current, (ch3) load current, and (ch4)

SAF current waveforms for load power variation from 50% to 100%.

line current isa , load current iLa , and active filter current

ia , respectively, when a sudden variation of the three-phase

nonlinear load occurs. The power transmitted to the load has

been decreased from 100% to 50% and back to its initial value

(RL1 is switched from 13.3 to 26.6 and back to 13.3 ).

Compensation is achieved before and after load changes. The

controller ensures tracking of the dc bus voltage, and the steadystate error is zero. A small overshoot (5%) and a short settling

time of the dc bus voltage (one and a half cycle of the mains)

for these load power variations can be noticed. Also, one can

observe that the harmonic content, as well as the compensation,

is kept under control.

Fig. 7. Phase b (ch1) source voltage, (ch2) source current, (ch3) load current,

and (ch4) SAF current waveforms in steady-state operation.

Load Unbalance

Figs. 68 show the same variables as those of Fig. 4 for

phases a, b, and c when the switch S is closed (unbalanced load

with RL1 = RL2 = 26.6 ). Since the single-phase nonlinear

load is connected, one can observe that the load currents

Fig. 8. Phase c (ch1) source voltage, (ch2) source current, (ch3) load current,

and (ch4) SAF current waveforms in steady-state operation.

KEDJAR AND AL-HADDAD: DSP-BASED IMPLEMENTATION OF LQR WITH INTEGRAL ACTION FOR POWER FILTER

2827

TABLE II

PHASE VOLTAGES AND LINE AND LOAD CURRENT

CHARACTERISTICS FOR UNBALANCED LOAD

Fig. 10. (Top) SAFs reference component id and the latter id and

(bottom) SAFs reference component iq and the latter iq for unbalanced load.

The THD values of the line currents are less than 5.9%. The

dc bus voltage overshoot is less than 5%, with one and a half

cycles of settling time. These results are valid for all cases

tested, thereby demonstrating the good performance achieved

by the proposed controller.

VI. S YSTEM S PECIFICATIONS

RMS mains voltage

Mains frequency

Commutation inductor

DC bus voltage

Switching frequency

Boost inductors

DC bus capacitor

Load resistors

Load inductors

Fig. 9.

V = 95 V

f = 60 Hz

Lc = 1 mH

Vdc = 200 V

fsw = 10 kHz

L = 1 mH

C = 500 F

RL1 = 13.3/26.6 and RL2 = 26.6

LL1 = 10 mH and LL2 = 33 mH

are now unbalanced. However, the line currents have a nearsinusoidal shape and same magnitude and are in phase with the

corresponding supply voltages.

The measured characteristics of phase voltages and line and

load currents are summarized in Table II.

Fig. 9 shows from top to bottom the reduction levels of

harmonics and compensation of load unbalance by the SAF for

phases a, b, and c. The left column shows the characteristics of

load currents while the right column shows those of the mains.

The THD values of the measured line currents are 5.5%,

5.9%, and 5.7% for the corresponding fundamental components of 5.74, 5.62, and 5.33 A, respectively, for phases a,

b, and c. The measured THD values of the load currents are

15.3%, 17.2%, and 22.3% for the corresponding fundamental

components of 6.75, 5.89, and 3.63 A, respectively, for phases

a, b, and c. It can be observed from these results that the

source currents are balanced even though the load currents are

heavily unbalanced, thus demonstrating the ability of the SAF

to provide the required compensation for harmonics, reactive

power, and load unbalance.

Fig. 10 shows the same variables as in Fig. 4 for the unbalanced load. The periodicity of the two current components is

onehalf of that of the mains. Moreover, the same remarks hold

for id and iq tracking behaviors as for previously balanced load.

VII. C ONCLUSION

In this paper, as an extension of the other works in the linear

control of active filters, an LQR with integral action (LQRI)

is proposed and designed so as to control a three-phase threewire SAF in order to achieve unity power factor operation at

the PCC of heavily distorted and unbalanced load currents.

The controller was designed using an augmented small-signal

state-space averaged model of the converter in the rotating dq

reference frame including an integral action to complement

the standard LQR. The weighting matrices were chosen by

means of simulation-based examinations of the system transient

response to guarantee satisfactory responses. The experimental

results which were carried out for harmonics, reactive power,

and load unbalance compensation show good dynamic (small

overshoot and short settling time) as well as steady-state (low

values of THD of line currents) performance using the proposed

controller.

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from the cole Nationale Polythechnique, Algiers,

Algeria, the D.E.A. degree from the Universit Pierre

et Marie Curie, Paris, France, and the Ph.D. degree

from the Universit des Sciences et Techniques,

Lille, France, in 1984, 1985, and 1988, respectively.

From September 1989 to July 2001, he was with

the Universit de Bejaia, Bejaia, Algeria. Since

July 2002, he has been with the Electrical Engineering Department working as a Research Assistant with Canada Research Chair in Electric Energy

Conversion and Power Electronics, at the cole de Technologie Suprieure,

Montreal, QC, Canada, where he was also a Lecturer. His fields of interest are

unity power factor acdc converters and harmonics and reactive power control

using shunt, series, and hybrid power filters including their modeling and DSPbased control.

Kamal Al-Haddad (S82M88SM92F07) received the B.Sc.A. and M.Sc.A. degrees from

the University of Qubec Trois-Rivires, TroisRivires, QC, Canada, and the Ph.D. degree from the

Institut National Polythechnique, Toulouse, France,

in 1982, 1984, and 1988, respectively.

From June 1987 to June 1990, he was a Professor with the Engineering Department, Universit

du Qubec Trois Rivires. Since June 1990, he

has been with the teaching staff of the Electrical Engineering Department, cole de Technologie

Suprieure (ETS), Montreal, Canada, where he was a Professor and, since

2002, has held the Canada Research Chair in Electric Energy Conversion and

Power Electronics. He has supervised more than 60 Ph.D. and M.Sc.A. students

working in the field of power electronics and was the Director of graduate study

programs at ETS from 1992 until 2003. His fields of interest are high efficient

static power converters, harmonics and reactive power control using hybrid

filters, switch mode and resonant converters including the modeling, control,

and development of prototypes for various industrial applications in electric

traction, power supply for drives, telecommunication, etc. He is a coauthor of

the Power System Blockset software of Matlab. He is a Consultant and has established very solid links with many Canadian industries working in the field of

power electronics, electric transportation, aeronautics, and telecommunications.

He is the Chief of ETSBombardier Transportation North America division,

a joint industrial research laboratory on electric traction systems and power

electronics. He coauthored more than 275 transactions and conference papers.

Dr. Al-Haddad is a fellow member of the Canadian Academy of Engineering

and a life member of the Circle of Excellence of the University of Quebec. He

was the recipient of the Outstanding Researcher Award from ETS in 2000. He

is very active in the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, where he is the Vice

President for Publications, is an Adcom member, and serves as an Associate

Editor of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS and Guest

Editor of the special issue on hybrid and active filters.

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