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# A Glimpse into

Mathematics Teaching
& Learning in
Si
Singapore
Elementary
El
t
Schools
possible by
SingaporeMath.Com Inc.
www singaporemath com
www.singaporemath.com

## Yeap Ban-Har, Ph.D.

National Institute of Education
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore
Si
banhar.yeap@nie.edu.sg

Exhibitor
Exhibitor
Workshop
atASCD2010
t ASCD 2010
SanAntonio

introduction

## Wellington Primary School

Move3stickstomake3squares.
q

Move3stickstomake3squares.
q

Move3stickstomake3squares.
q

Move3stickstomake2squares.
q

Move3stickstomake2squares.
q

Move3stickstomake2squares.
q

AProblem
Jim bought some chocolates and half of them to
Ken. Ken bought some sweets and gave half of
them to Jim.
Jim Jim ate 12 sweets and Ken ate 18
chocolates. After that, the number of sweets and
chocolates Jim had were in the ratio 1 : 7 and the
number of sweets and chocolates Ken had were in
the ratio 1 : 4. How many sweets did Ken buy?

## Jim bought some chocolates and half of them to Ken. Ken

bought some sweets and gave half of them to Jim. Jim ate
12 sweets and Ken ate 18 chocolates. After that, the
number of sweets and chocolates Jim had were in the
ratio 1 : 7 and the number of sweets and chocolates Ken
had were in the ratio 1 : 4. How many sweets did Ken buy?
chocolates

sweets
1
2

Jim

Ken

1
2

1
2

1
2

1 1
2 8

3parts 12+12+12+12+18=66
1part 22
HalfofthesweetsKenbought=22+12=34
SoKenbought68sweets.`

1
2

AProblem
fromaSingaporeClassroom
88 children took part in a swimming
competition. 1/3 of the boys and 3/7 of the
girls wore swimming goggles.
goggles Altogether 34
children wore swimming goggles.
How many girls wore swimming goggles on
that day?
Fairfield Methodist Primary School

88 children took part in a swimming competition. 1/3 of the boys and 3/7
of the girls wore swimming goggles. Altogether 34 children wore
swimming goggles.
goggles
How many girls wore swimming goggles on that day?

88

34

54

88 children took part in a swimming competition. 1/3 of the boys and 3/7
of the girls wore swimming goggles. Altogether 34 children wore
swimming goggles.
How many girls wore swimming goggles on that day?

34 20 = 14

34

54 34 = 20

54

3 x 7 = 21
21 girls wear goggles.

ACurriculum
ThatHelps
Average
Students
Students
ReachHigh
Achievement

## Mathematics Curriculum Framework

MathematicsCurriculumFramework
Beliefs
Interest
Appreciation
Confidence
Perseverance
Numericalcalculation
Algebraicmanipulation
Spatialvisualization
Dataanalysis
Measurement
Useofmathematicaltools
E ti ti
Estimation

Monitoringofonesownthinking
Selfregulationoflearning

Mathematical
Problem
Solving

Concepts
Co
cep s
Numerical
Algebraic
Geometrical
Statistical
Probabilistic
Analytical

Reasoning,
communication&
connections
Thinkingskills&
heuristics
A li ti &
Application&modelling
d lli

EveryChildCounts

TIMSS 2007

199
95

200
03

200
07

## Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies

38

38

41

High

70

73

74

Intermediate

89

91

92

Low

96

97

98
Catholic High School (Primary)

TIMSS 2007
Average

Indonesia

Thaiiland

Malaaysia

Singaapore

40

High

15

12

18

70

Intermediate

46

14

44

50

88

Low

75

48

66

82

97

effective
mathematics

teaching

## Bina Bangsa School, Indonesia

Primary Mathematics 1A

Pedagogical
Principle:
Bruner

Number
Number
Bonds

Number
Number
Bonds

## PCF Kindergarten Telok Blangah

Bruner

Division

Theconcrete
pictorial abstract
app oac s used to
approachisusedto
helpthemajorityof
learnerstodevelop
strong foundation in
strongfoundationin
mathematics.

Division

summary

## Elementary School in Chile

Skemp

Understandinginmathematics
U
d
di i
h
i
relational
(conceptual)
(conceptual)
instrumental
(p
(procedural)
)
conventional
Teachingforconceptual
understandingisgiven
emphasis in Singapore Math
emphasisinSingaporeMath.
Primary Mathematics Standards Edition Grade 6

Pedagogical
Pedagogical
Principle:
Skemp
p

Fraction
Division

## Primary Mathematics Standards Edition Grade 6

mathz4kidzLearningCentre,Penang,Malaysia

b
bruners
theory
h

concrete

## Lesson from Earlybird Kindergarten Mathematics

mathz4kidzLearningCentre,Penang,Malaysia

concrete
experiences
i

from
concrete
to

pictorial

mathz4kidzLearningCentre,Penang,Malaysia

from
pictorial
to

abstract
AllKidsAreIntelligentSeries

mathz4kidzLearningCentre,Penang,Malaysia

symbols

usingg

concrete

materials

APublicSchoolinChile

Primary Mathematics

PictorialBefore
Pi
t i lB f
Abstract

summary
S
Scarsdale
d l Middl
Middle S
School
h lN
New Y
York
k

Dienes
Dienes encouraged the use of
variation in mathematics education
perceptual
variation
and
mathematical variation.

Pedagogical
Principle:
Dienes
Primary Mathematics
Primary Mathematics Standards Edition

Pedagogical
Principle:
Dienes
Primary Mathematics

Pedagogical
Principle:
Dienes

Primary Mathematics

1 h = 60 min
60 4 = 15
15 x 3 = 45
x 60 = 45
Primary Mathematics

Mathematical
Variation

16

Primary Mathematics

16

Mathematical
Variation

30
Primary Mathematics

Mathematical
Mathematical
Variation

Primary Mathematics

ASingaporeTextbookforKindergarten

diene s
dienes
theory
y
of

variation
i i

diene s
dienes
theory
y
of

variation
i i

diene s
dienes
theory
y
of

variation
i i

Fuchun
n Primary Scho
ool, Singapore
e

Vygotskys
Theory
ChildrenLearn
in Social
inSocial
Situations

interaction

summary
Pi
Princess
Eli
Elizabeth
b th P
Primary
i
S
School,
h l Si
Singapore

Emphasison
pictorial
representation
t ti
andsystematic
variation to
variationto
enhance
conceptual
understanding

skemps
k

theoryy
conceptual
understanding
BinaBangsaSchool,Semarang,Indonesia

conclusion

## Fuchun Primary School

Mathematicsisan
excellent vehicle for
excellentvehiclefor
thedevelopmentand
improvementofa
p
personsintellectual
competence..
MinistryofEducation2006

Patterns

## Bina Bangsa School Bandung

Patterns

Visualization

SD Negeri in Palembang

Visualization

## Teacher Training for LEAP Programme

for Public School Teachers in Manila

Communication

Communication

## Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2007

Primary 2
Wellington Primary School

Balestier Hill
Primaryy School

## Children are truly the

future of our nation.

Irving Harris