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IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING & SIMULATION

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering and Electronics &

Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

www.andhracolleges.com

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Explain briefly the general methods for solving O. R. models. [6]

(b) Ozark Farms uses at least 800 lb of special feed daily. The special feed is a

mixture of corn and soybean meal with the following compositions.

Feed Stuff Protein Fiber Cost($lb)

Corn 0.09 0.02 0.30

Soybean 0.60 0.06 0.90

The dietary requirements of the special feed stipulate atleast 30% protein and at

most 5% fiber. Ozark Farms wishes to determine the daily minimum - cost feed

-mix. Formulate it as an L. P. model [10]

2. (a) State the necessary and sufficient conditions in non-linear programming prob-

lem. [4]

(b) Solve the non linear programming problem: [12]

Minimize Z = 2x21 − 24x1 + 2x22 − 8x2 + 2x23 − 12x3 + 200

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subject to the constraint

x1 + x2 + x3 = 11

and x1 , x2 , x3 ≥ 0.

3. (a) What are the types of inventory? Why they are maintained? [6]

(b) A particular item has a demand of 9,000 units/year. The cost of one pro-

curement is Rs. 100 and the holding cost per unit is Rs. 2.40 per year. The

replacement is instaneous and no shortages are allowed determine. [10]

i. the economic lot size

ii. the number of orders per year

iii. the time between orders

iv. total cost per year if the cost of one unit is Rs. 1.

(b) What are its advantages and limitations, if any. [8]

5. Consider a self service store with one cashier. Assume poisson arrivals and ex-

ponential service times. Suppose that a customer arrive on the average every 5

minutes and the cashier can serve 10 in 5 minutes. Find [16]

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(a) The average number of customers queuing for service

(b) The probability of having more than 10 customers in the system

(c) The probability that a customer has to queue for more than 2 minutes

If the service can be speeded upto 12 in 5 minutes by using a different cash register,

what will be the effect on the quantities (a), (b) and (c)

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6. A PERT network has the following activities with their time estimates given below:

[16]

0-1 2 3.5 8

0-2 3 3.75 6

0-3 1 2.5 7

1-2 3 7.5 9

1-5 4 5.5 10

2-4 2 5 8

3-4 2 2.75 5

3-5 3 6 9

4-5 2 5 8

(a) Construct a network and find the expected completion time of the project.

(b) Find the probability of completing the project 3 days ahead of the expected

schedule.

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(b) What are the different types of system simulation? Explain each. [8]

(c) Give the different between simulation and analytical methods. [4]

system design. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING & SIMULATION

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering and Electronics &

Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

www.andhracolleges.com

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Explain the term ’Artificial variable’ and its use in Linear programming. [4]

(b) Solve the following L. P. problem by two - phase method: [12]

Maximize z =5x1 − 2x2 + 3x3

subject to the constraints

2x1 + 2x2 − 3x ≤ 2

3x1 − 4x2 ≤ 3

2x + 3x3 ≤ 5

and x1 , x2 , x2 ≥ 0.

2. (a) How the problem of degeneracy arises in a transportation? Explain how does

one over come it? [4]

(b) Consider the following unbalanced transportation problem?

1 2 3 Supply

1 5 1 7 10

2 6 4 6 80

3 3 2 5 15

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Demand 75 20 50

Since there is not enough supply, some of the demands at these destinations

may not be satisfied. Suppose there are penalty costs for every unsatisfied de-

mand unit which are given by 5, 6 and 2 for destination 1, 2 and 3 respectively.

Find the optimal solution. [12]

3. (a) Derive the E. O. Q. formula for the manufacturing model with shortages [6]

(b) A manufacturing firm has to supply 3,000 units annually to a customer who

does not have enough space for storing the material. There is a contract that

if the supplier fails to supply the material, a penalty of Rs. 40 per unit per

month will be levied. The inventory holding cost amounts to Rs. 20 per unit

per month and the setup cost is Rs. 400 per run. Find the expected number

of shortages at the end of each scheduling period. [10]

(b) The following thirty numbers represent the annual value in thousand of ru-

pees of some thirty items of materials selected at random. Carry out an ABC

analysis and list out the values of ‘A’ items only: [10]

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1 2 4 9 75 4 25

3 6 13 2 4 12 30

100 2 7 40 15 55 1

11 15 8 19 1 20 1

3 5

5. Consider a self service store with one cashier. Assume poisson arrivals and ex-

ponential service times. Suppose that a customer arrive on the average every 5

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minutes and the cashier can serve 10 in 5 minutes. Find [16]

(b) The probability of having more than 10 customers in the system

(c) The probability that a customer has to queue for more than 2 minutes

If the service can be speeded upto 12 in 5 minutes by using a different cash register,

what will be the effect on the quantities (a), (b) and (c)

6. Explain the rules of net work construction and Fulkerson’s rule for numbering the

events. [16]

(b) Discuss any four application areas of simulation. [8]

8. Explain the iterative process of calibrating a model with a schematic diagram. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING & SIMULATION

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering and Electronics &

Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

www.andhracolleges.com

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Define slack and surplus variables as involved in the L. P. P. How are these

variables useful in solving a L. P. P. [4]

(b) Solve the following L. P. P. by simplex method : [12]

Maximize z = 4x1 + x2 + 4x3 + 5x4

subject to the constraints

4x1 + 6x2 − 5x3 + 4x4 ≥ −20

3x1 − 2x2 + 4x3 + x4 ≤ 10

8x1 − 3x2 − 3x3 + 2x4 ≤ 20

and x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 ≥ 0.

(b) A departmental head has four subordinates, and four tasks to be performed.

The subordinates differ in efficiency, and tasks differ in their intrinsic difficulty.

His estimate, of the time each man would take to perform each task, is given

in the matrix below: [10]

Tasks Men

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E F G H

A 18 26 17 11

B 13 28 14 26

C 38 19 18 15

D 19 26 24 10

How should the tasks be allocated one to a man, so as to minimize the total

man - hours?

(b) Find the optimum order quantity for a product for which the price breaks are

as follows: [10]

Quantity Unit cost(Rs.)

0 ≤ q1 < 500 10.00

500 < q2 9.25

The monthly demand for a product is 200 units, the cost of storage is 2% of unit

cost and the cost of ordering is Rs. 350.

4. Explain M.R.P. with a suitable example. Write a short notes on optimal Replen-

ishment system.

[16]

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5. In a car-wash facility, cars arrive for service according to a poisson distribution with

mean 5 per hour. The time for washing and cleaning each car varies but is found

to follow an exponential distribution with mean 10 minutes per car. The facility

cannot handle more than one car at a time and has a total of 5 parking spaces. [16]

(b) What is the probability that an arriving car will get service immediately upon

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arrival?

(c) Find the expected number of parking spaces occupied.

6. A small maintenance project consists of the following 12 jobs with duration in days.

Summarize the CPM calculations in standard tabular form calculating total, free

and independent floats of the jobs. [16]

Job Duration

1-2 2

3-4 3

5-8 5

7-9 4

2-3 7

3-5 5

6-7 8

8-9 1

2-4 3

4-6 3

6-10 4

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9-10 7

8. Discuss why validating a model of computer system might be easier than validating

a military combat model. Assume that the computer system of interest is similar

to an existing one. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING & SIMULATION

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering and Electronics &

Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

www.andhracolleges.com

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. A farm is engaged in breeding pigs. The pigs are fed on various products grown

on the farm. In view of the need to ensure certain nutrient constituents (call them

X, Y and Z), it is necessary to buy additional products, say, A and B. One unit

of product A contains 36 units of X, 3 units of Y and 20 units of Z. One unit of

product B contains 6 units of X, 12 units of Y and 10 units of Z. The maximum

requirement of X, Y and Z is 108 units, 36 units and 100 units respectively. Product

A costs Rs. 20 per unit and product B Rs. 40 per unit. Formulate the above as L.

P. P. to minimize the total cost, and solve the problem by using graphic method.

[16]

2. A company manufacturing air - coolers has two plants located at Mumbai and

Kolkata with capacities of 200 Units and 100 units per week respectively. The

company supplies the air coolers to its four show rooms situated at Ranchi, Delhi,

Lucknow and Kanapur which have a maximum demand of 75, 100, 100 and 30 units

respectively. Due to the difference in raw material cost and transportation cost,

the profit per unit in rupees differs which is shown in the table below: [16]

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Ranchi Delhi Lucknow Kanpur

Mumbai 90 90 100 100

Kolkata 50 70 130 85

lan the production programme so as to maximize the profit. The company may

have its production capacity at any plant partly unused.

3. (a) Derive the E. O. Q. formula for the manufacturing model with shortages [6]

(b) A manufacturing firm has to supply 3,000 units annually to a customer who

does not have enough space for storing the material. There is a contract that

if the supplier fails to supply the material, a penalty of Rs. 40 per unit per

month will be levied. The inventory holding cost amounts to Rs. 20 per unit

per month and the setup cost is Rs. 400 per run. Find the expected number

of shortages at the end of each scheduling period. [10]

(b) The following thirty numbers represent the annual value in thousand of ru-

pees of some thirty items of materials selected at random. Carry out an ABC

analysis and list out the values of ‘A’ items only: [10]

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1 2 4 9 75 4 25

3 6 13 2 4 12 30

100 2 7 40 15 55 1

11 15 8 19 1 20 1

3 5

5. A repair shop attended by a single mechanic has an average of 4 customers per hour

who bring small appliances for repair. The mechanic inspects them for defects and

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quite often can fix them right away or otherwise render a diagnosis. This takes him

6 minutes on the average. Arrivals are poisson and service time has the exponential

distribution. You are required to [16]

(a) Find the proportion of time during which the shop is empty.

(b) Find the probability of finding at least one customer in the shop.

(c) The average number of customers in the system

(d) The average time, including service, spent by a customer.

6. Explain the rules of net work construction and Fulkerson’s rule for numbering the

events. [16]

stances [16]

(b) a = 11, m = 16, x0 = 8

(c) a = 7, m = 16, x0 = 7

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(d) a = 7, m = 16, x0 = 8

Generate enough values in each case to complete a cycle. What inferences can be

drawn? Is maximum period achieved.

(b) Explain conceptual and operational model-building process. [12]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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