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17.03.2016.

Whatistherepresentativesamplesizeforasurveyof10,000(Tenthousand)population/sampleframe?ResearchGate
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19.75

Whatistherepresentativesamplesizeforasurveyof
10,000(Tenthousand)population/sampleframe?

QUESTIONFOLLOWERS (6)

Thinkmypopulationis=10,000individuals.
Whatshouldberepresentativesamplesizetoconductasurveyamongthem?

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BasicStatisticalMethods

BasicStatisticalAnalysis

SampleSize

SamplingFrame

Jan25,2015

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RobertJamesMcClelland 48.24 6.82LiverpoolJohnMoores

University
useYamane'sformulaforsamplesizebutthatdoesnotcover
representativeness
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/LyraEDISServlet?
command=getImageDetail&image_soid=IMAGE%20PD:PD006E3A&docu
ment_soid=PD006&document_version=98322
Whereeistheerroryouwishtointroduce(typically0.05or0.01)andNis
thepopulationsize
Foryourfiguresssizewillbeoforderof400
Forrepresentativenessyouneedsomeprofilethatyouknowproportionof
questioneggender,agegroup,areasinwhichtheyliveetc.
Whenyouhavedeterminedsamplesizetheproportionsinthesample
shouldmirrortheprofileproportionsyouhavedecidedupontorepresent
1/0Jan26,2015

JamesRKnaub 46.80 2.43N/A

Regardingsampling,"representativeness"meansdifferentthingsto
differentpeopleindifferentcontexts.LikelyhereIthinkyoumeanthat
fromasample,youwanttobeabletoestimatepopulationmeansortotals
topublishinformationatanaggregatelevel.Butperhapsyouwantto
estimatecharacteristicsofthepopulationdistributionorhavesomeother
interest.Inthefirstcase,estimatingmeansandtotalsforafinite
population,Iamthinkingintermsofcontinuousdata.However,youmay
beestimatingproportions,orhaveaninterestindiscretedata.
SupposeyouarelookingatafinitepopulationofsizeN=10,000and
supposeyouarecollectingcontinuousdataandwanttoknowwhat
givenitemonthesurvey.Ifyoudidasimplerandomsample,thenvarious
samplesurveybooks,suchasCochran,W.G.(1977),Sampling
Techniques,3rded.,JohnWiley&Sons,pages77and78,couldgiveyou
theinformationneeded.Youwillseethatapreliminaryestimateofthe
varianceofthedataisneeded.Cochransuggestsyouobtainthisby
meansofapilotstudy,orprevioussimilardataoranothereducated
'guess.'Thisistruealsoformodelbasedsampling,whichIassumeyou
willnotbeusing.(However,ifyouhaveregressordata,theycouldbeput

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17.03.2016.

Whatistherepresentativesamplesizeforasurveyof10,000(Tenthousand)population/sampleframe?ResearchGate

togooduse.)
Thisisacommonproblemforsamplesizeestimation:youneedsome
preliminaryinformationonthevarianceofeachitem(variableofinterest
or'question')first.Anexceptionofsortsisestimationofproportions,which
canassumeaworstcase(p=q=0.5)whenestimatingsamplesizeneeds.
Butthefundoesnotstopthere.Itisrarethatapopulationaslargeas
samplingandestimation(no'auxiliary'/regressordataavailable)isused.
Youarelikelytodomuchbetterbygroupingyourpopulationintostrata.
(Thatworkswellforregressionmodelsaswell.).Theideaofstratification
istoobtainmoreaccurateresults(resamplingerror)withasmalleroverall
samplesize(whichcanalsohelpwithnonsamplingerror,particularly
measurementerror).Butifyouwanttopublishinformationsuchastotals
separatelybythosestrata,thatisnotreallystratification.Itwillnotlower
yoursamplesize,butraiseitbecauseyouaretryingtopublishmore
categories.
Stratificationlowersyoursamplesizeneedbygroupingpartsofthe
populationthataremorealikeinthatthereislessvariancebetween
membersofagivenstratum.Optimumallocationandothersamplesize
informationcanbefoundinbookslikeCochran's(chapters4and5there,
forsimplerandomsamplingandforstratifiedrandomsampling).
Thereareotherdesignconsiderations,suchasclustersamplingand
complexsurveysamplingthatmaybebeyondthescopeofthisquestion.
Whateverthetypeofdatayouarecollecting,andwhateverdesignand/or
regressordatayouhave,asamplesizeisgenerallypickedwiththeidea
thatyouhavesomeaccuracylevelthatyouwanttoobtain,andyouwant

RudolfKiralj
TechnicalCollegeinB...

toknowhowmanyobservationsitwilltaketodothat.Besidesthe

samplingerrorconcernsthatpredominateinwhateversamplesize
estimatoryouchoose,rememberthatifyoutrytocollecttoomuchdata,
youestimatedtoestimatesamplesizetobeginwith.
Notethattherearemethodstosample,andmethodstoestimate,and
somegotogetherandothersdonot.

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Cheers
2/0Jan26,2015

New

LukmanRaimi 7.60YabaCollegeofTechnology

Whatstatisticaltestismostappropriate??

UsePartem(1950)formulaas:

n=___NZ*0.25___
d*(N1)+(Z*0.25)
Wheren=thesamplesizerequiredandwhichisstatistically
representative
N=thetargetpopulationsize
d=confidencelevel(0.05)
Z=numberofstandarddeviationunitsofthesamplingdistribution
correspondingtothedesiredconfidencelevelgivenas1.96.
1/0Jan27,2015

RudolfKiraljTechnicalCollegeinBjelovar

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