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IS 1838-1 (1983): preformed fillers for expansion joint in


concrete pavement and structures (non extruding and
resilient type): Part 1 Bitumen impregnated fibre Specification [CED 13: Building Construction Practices
including Painting, Varnishing and Allied Finishing]

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IS : 1838 ( Part I ) -1983


(Reaffirmed 2010)

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
PREFORMED FILLERS FOR EXPANSION JOINT
IN CONCRETE PAVEMENT AND STRUCTURES
( NON EXTRUDING AND RESILIENT TYPE)
PART I BITUMEN IMPREGNATED FIBRE

( First Revision)
Fourth Reprint JULY 2006
( Including Amendment No. I )

UDC

625.848 [624.012.33 ] : 677.865

Copyright 1983

BUR E A U

OF

I N D I A N S TAN DAR D S

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG


NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 2

August 1983

IS I 1838( h.-a I ) Itl3

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
PREFORMED FILLERS FOR EXPANSION JOINT
IN CONCRETE PAVEMENT AND STRUCTURES
( NON EXTRUDING AND RESILIENT TYPE)
PART I

BITUMEN IMPREGNATED FIBRE

( First Revision )
Building Construction Practices Sectional Committee, BDC 13
Cui,mtuJ

C. P. MALIK
0-'/38, Safdarjunl DevelopmeDI Area,
New Delhi
SKRI

R'Jlr'I,,.,in,

MIrII1J",

, 8Bftl P. D. AOABwAL

Public Works Departmenl, GovernmeDt of Uttar


Prade.h, Lucknow
Houling It Urban Development Corporation Ltd,
New Delhi
Bhabha Atomic Re.eareh Centre, Bombay
Indian In.titute of Arehitectl. New Delhi

SKRI D. R. BATLIYALA
SuaJ J. R. BHALLA

SRRI R. K. MATHua (~l'"nal')

Public Workl Department, Government of


Punjab. Chandigarh
1 CRI... E.ol
(BLDO'). PWD. Public Work. Department, Goyernment of
. MADa".
Tamil Nadu, Madras
CBII::r

Exom... (NOBTB )

StJPBRIMTB1fDIXG
EII'OnrBBB,
( SPECIAL BVILDIIIO CIReLli: ),

.41'"'11''' )

PWD, MADURAI (
. CBI... ElC'OIK R-CUII-ADDITIONAL Public Works Department, Goyernment
SI:OAI:TARY TO TB. GOVBR.
Rajuthaa, Jaipur

of

JU:WT(B&R)
ExI:OUTIY. E.OllfU. ( DUIGlf8
SOIJlIOATIOlf) (AI",,..,,)

CBO. EaGI. . . . (TaAIJCI1fo)


Central Public Work. Department. New Delhi
SOIKTJUIDllfG Su.v.yo.
0 ..

WOBK. { TaAllCllCO ) (.AllmUII,)


( c.",illfIItI ." 1M" 2 )

o e.,.,rilh'

1983

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS


Tbil publicatioD II protected uDder the lrulia C.,,,n,hI Ad (XIV of 1957) and
reproduction in whole or ia pan by any meaDSexcept with written permission of tbe
pubUaber shall be deemed to be aD jafriDlement of coPyrilbt under the laid Act.

IS I 1838 ( Part I ) 1.3


( CMIinUltl/,.", /MI' 1 )

RI,r,s,,,,in,

M-W,
D lB. 0 TO B
ROSO

Railway Board, Ministry oCRailway.

(AROBITlWTU ),

JOIn

DIR.O'fOB (ABORITBOTURK) t RDSO ( Al'"ul, )

SSBI
SHRI
SaRI

R. G. GoKBALB
M. KAaTIKAYAK
J. S. KOHLI

SRa1

M. G.

VIRIIANI (

State Bank or India, Bombay


Builden' Association of India, New Delhi
Enlineer-in-ChieC'. Branch, Army Headquarten,
New Delhi

,A11,rllll" )

SRBI R. L. KUIIAR
SHBI V. G. PATWARDB.&N

S8al M. Z. KUBIEN
SSRI G. K. MAJUMDAR
SHBI H. S. PA8BIOBA (
SHBI R. C. MANGAL

Institution or Surveyon. New Delhi


(AI,,,,,,,,,)
Tata Consulting EngiDeen. Bombay
Hindultan Prefab Ltd, New Delhi
AlI"fttll, )
Central Building R.elearch Institute (aSIR ),
Roorkee

M. P. JAIBINGR ( ..41'''11111' )
Concrete Association of India, Bombay
(AI',rtUJI,)
SHRI R. K. PANDABB
Lire Insurance Corporation of India, Bombay
SSRI

SHRI B. V. B. PAl
S.BI P. SBUCIVAIAN
DEPUTY

CSII::r

E1fQINJlBB

( NOB.,.) (,Alima.',)
SRBI
SBBI

K. S.

T. K.

SBBI

Foreat Research Institute &: College:., Debra DUD


Bureau of Public Enterprises (MlDiitry of
Finance)

PAt7TBl
SABAN

S. S.

KAlIIAL (

SaBI K. S. SBtlflV.SAN
DnUTY DIBBOTOB

All,,,..,, )
National Buildinp Organization, New Delhi

(.AI,,,,,tJI,)

SHat SUIBIL KUIIAB


PRO)'

c. G. SWAMINATKAN

S.BI S. R. TAIIBB
SRBI B. T. UlfW ALLA
SHill G. VENKATBIULt7
SBBI PRAJ'17LA KUllA. (
SaBI G. RAMAN.

National Buildin.. CODitruction Corporation Ltd,


New Delhi
CeIltral Road Reaearch IDititute (aSIR.). New
Delhi
Public Works at ROUlinl Department, Bombay
Inatitution of En,ineen ( India), Calcutta
Miniltry of Shipping" TraDlport ( Row WiD, )
dl'""al, )
Director General, lSI (L-o,IiftD MIfIIIJ,,)

Director ( Civ Ena )


s,"".~
S. SlINOUPTA
Auiltaat Director ( Civ Enll ), lSI
SRBI

( eollll_1I "."", 8 )

AMENDMENT NO. 1 OcrOBER 1999

TO
IS 1838 ( PART 1 ) : 1983 SPECIFICATION FOR
PREFORMED FILLERS FOR EXPANSION JOINT IN
CONCRETE PAVEMENT AND STRUcrURES (NON
EXTRUDING AND RESILIENT TYPE )
PART 1 BITUMEN IMPREGNATED FIBRE
(First R."isiOll)

( PQBe 7, claus 8.2 ) em'.

Substitute ' l 00

mOI)(

100

DIm'

for '100 )( 100

(CED 13)
Printed at Prabhat Ollset Press, New Delha-2

IS 11_( P.... I) -1183

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
PREFORMED FILLERS FOR EXPANSION JOINT
IN CONCRETE PAVEMENT AND STRUcrURES
(NON EXTRUDING AND RESILIENT TYPE)
PART I

BITUMEN IMPREGNATED FIBRE

( First Revision )
o.

FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard (Part I) (First Revision) was adopted by the
Indian Standards Institution on 4 March 1983, after the draft finalized by
the Building Construction Practices Sectional Committee had been
approved by the Ciyil Engineering Division Council.
0.2 Joints are required in concrete roads, runways, floor and roof slaba of
buildings to relieve stresses developed due to temperature shrinkage,
creep, relaxation, vibration, etc. To provide an even surface the. joints
must be filled and at the same time the materials used for filling should
permit expansion and contraction of the concrete. The joint filler is a
strip of compressible material used to form and fill the expUlSion joints
in structures. The cbief function of the joint filler is to permit the joint
to expand without developing stresses. Joint filler are produced from a
variety of materials such as bitumen impregnated fibre, cork strip.,
sponge or synthetic rubber, expanded plastics, epoxy, coconat pith and
CNSL resin. This standard (Part I) has been prepared to cover the
requirements for the bitumen impregnated fibre type of expansion joint
fillers. The requirements for other types will be issued separately.
0.3 To make the joints effective it is also necessary to prevent the ingress
of water or grit down the joint. This is achieved by using a sealing
compound over the joint filler. The requirements for sealing compounds
and methods 91 installation of joints has been covered separately (s"
IS: 1834-1961*, IS: 3414-1968t and IS: 6509-1972:).
Specification for hot applied sealiD, compounds Cor joiota in concrete.
tcode of practice Cor d'~ID and iostallation of joinls in buidillil.
:Code or practice for inacanation of joint. in concrete pavemellta.

183. ( Part I )

I'"

0.4 This standard was fint published in 1961 with a view to provide
guidance to the manu(acturen to facilitate commercial production. Thil
revision hal been prepared to take into consideration various recommendation. received from the userl. In this revision additional a1temative
fibres for the manufacture of fillen have been indicated. The method of
manufacture has been dealt in detail and additional phy.ical requirements
have been added. The methods of telts have been deleted and included
in a separate Indian Standard. The title of the standard has allO been
modified.
0.5 This standard contains clause 4.1 which permits the purchaser to use
his option for selection to suit his requirements.
0.6 For tbe purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this
standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in
accordance with IS: 2-1960. The number of significant places retained
in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value
in this ItaDdard.

1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard (Part I) specifies tile requirements for bitumen
impregnated fibre fillers for expansion joints.
1.1.1 The fillen may be used Cor filling expansion joints in concrete
roads, runways and buildings.

2. MATERIAL
2.1 Blmmea - This .hall conform to IS : 731961t or IS: 7021961:.
2.2 Fibre - This shall be either lOft board, or fibre board, or cane or
any other suitable fibre of cellular nature.

3. MANUFACTURE

3.1 The fillen shall consist oflreformed strip. o luitable fibre of a


cellular nature securely bonde together and then uniformly uturated
with bitumen.
-R.ulea Corrouaclilll off Dumerical valuel ( "";',4 ).

tspecification ror paving bitumen ( ",..).


~pec.i&catiODfor iDdultrial bitumeD (fWIiutI).

IS I 1838 ( Part I) lta3

4. DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES


f.l 0118._10. . - The length, width and thickness of the preformed
strips when meuured in accordance with the method given in IS : 105661983 shall be as agreed to bel ween the purchaser and the manufacturer.

4.2 Tolenuac - The tolerances on the average dimensions shall be as


giveD below:

On width

5 mrn
3 mrn

On thickness

lS mm

On length

5. PHYSICAL REQ,UIUMBNTS
5.1 The physical requirements of the fillers shall conform to those
specified in col 3 of Table 1 when tested in accordance with the method
specified in IS: 10 661983*.

6. PACKING
6.1 The preformed joint fillers shall be packed in such a manner that
there shall be no distortion or breakage or deterioration of the properties
of the fillers during tranaportation.

7. MARKING
7.1 The packages shall be marked with the manufacturer's name or
trade-mark, if any, size and type of filler .

..,.1 81S Certillc:ation Markinll


The product may also be marked with Standard Mark.
7.%.1 The use of tbe Standard Mark is governed by tbe provisions of BUJelu of
Indian Standards Act. 1986 and tbe Rules and Regalatio.. made tbe~under.
The details of conditions under whicb the licence for tbe use of Standanl Mark
lnay be granted to lIIanufacturers or producers may be obtained from tbe Bureau
of Indian StandlRis.

Methocla of t.t (or preCormedfillen for expUlsion joints ia CODcrete


Itructural CODitruCtiOa.

paviDI aDd

III 18S8 ( ....t I ) 1.3


TABLE I PHYSICAL REQUlRBMBNTS 01' BlTUMBN IMPREGNATED
n8RBnLLBRI
(DIal, 5.1)
SL

CBARAOT.BIITro

R-aul........

MJlTROD 0 .. T.~

No.

(R...

(I)
i)

'1'0

IRDIAN S~A.lfD"RD )

(2)

a._.tance to lwadlilll

iii) C'.ompreiliOD

(3)

(4)

Stripa .hall DOt be deformed


or broken by twiatinl. bendinI or other typea of ordiury baDdliDI when expOled
to atmoapheric conditio.
(s', Note)
Shall recover at leut 70 percent of ita thickD. . before
the te.t
.) Load required to compreas tbe Ipecimen to 50
perc~nt of ita ori,iDaI
thicknca before the teat
.hall be
7 ~~cm' (07 N/mm' ).

IS: 10566-1983.

IS: 10566-1983.

53 ~cm' ( 5-3 N/mrn' ).

iv) Extrulion
v) Water abiorptioD
vi) Demity
vii) Bitum~n conteD'

viii) WeatheriDl

be)

P~netntioD or recovered bitumen

b) Lou in bitumen
! percent, Ma
Amount or extrulion or
the free edge ahall Dot
exceed 6-5 mm
20 pt-rcent. Ida

IS: 10566-I98S.
IS ~ 10566-1983.
IS : 10566-1983IS: 10566-1983IS : 10566-1983.

300 kg/ml.M.
35 percent, Mia
a) Shall Ihow DO sip 01
diaiotelratioD, del.miD.don or paratioD of
fibrea after the teat
b) Shan .atialy the requiremeDt of recovery. comprellion aDd extruaioD
.ner the tat
Shan be between 25 to 100
at 250

IS: 10568.1983-

Nou- Pieces or the joint filler that ha.e been damageel .hall be rejected.
Method. or telt ror preformed &lIen ror expaDlioD joints ia CODcrete p&viq and
.tructural coaatruction.

IS 118_ ( ....t I)

-1_

8. SAMPLING

8.1 Hambe.. of Sampl.. - ODe representative lample ahan be lelected


from each lot of 100 ml of the material having same thickness. The
sampling shall be done at random.
8.2 Siz. 01 Sample - Each sample .hall coDldt of .ufficient material 10
that five telt piece. meuuring 100 x 100 cm could be obtained.
8.3 T..t. - All the telt piece. as selected in 1.2 Ihall be subjected to
dimensional and physical r~uirements. The lot Ihall be accepted if all
the five telt pieces meet the physical and dimensional requirements;
otherwise not.

1111131 (Put I) 1_
( CMlinw~ft-,." 2 )

Joints in Structure Subcommittee, BDC 13: 14

R,,,,,,,,.,i,.,

COli",,,.,

SaBI

H...a 18B CaAJIDaA

Central Public Works Departmeat, New Delhi

M".",
P. BAJAJ
L'1'-CoL C. T. CRABI
SKRI S. K. GUPTA ( J4I,,,tUJI, )
SUI R. C. P. CHOUDHARY
SHBI K.. N. SINHA (AI'",.,,',)
S.RI P. S. GOKJtALB
SHBI K.. R.-\JAOOP4L~ \
SHal G. B. J AHAOIRDAB

SHRlj.

IDltitution of Surveyon, New Delhi


EDlineer-in-Chier's Branch, Army Headquarten

EDliaeer. India Ltd, Sew Delhi


GammOll Judi. Ltd. Bombay

.-&1'",..'NationallDdultrial
,)
Development Corporation Ltd,

SHRI

M. P. JAIIUJfOK

5B.I R. K. J.-\Jlt (AI,,,,.,,,,)


SaRI S. R. KULK.\Rlfi
SHRI

DB M.

D. B. GHOalH

( .jll,,,..,,

New Delhi
Central Buildinl Research Inltitute
Roorkee
~!. ~.

Dutur & Company (P) Ltd, Calcutta

Concrete Auociation of India, Bombay

N"Y4Jt

!l'""", ) Central Road

SBRI P. SaINI V.'SAN ( ..


SaRI Y. R. PaULL

SRRI K. L. SBTHI ( ~l',,,..,,


SBRIR.V.R~XA~UBTHY
IHal R.
SJlTU (.4llmatU,)

SBRJ

S.

F.

Research Imtitute l CSIR.),

Delhi

~ew

Directorate General Border Roads, New Delhi

P.

SB.I SAJIUL

(CSIR),

Indian Institute of Arcbitectl, New Delhi


Ministry of Shippinl &. TraDiport (R.oad. WIDI),
New Delhi

S.JI'l'IIAl'.'KAN

SH.! PRAI'ULLA KUIIA-B (

AI,,,,..,, )

SURI

K. S. SSJNIYAIIAX
SHRI A. K. LAL (,,~I""IG" )

Nadonal Buildings Organization, New Delhi

SaRI SuallIL KUMA.

National Duildinl CODitructioD CorporauOIl Ltd,


New Delhi

All"""" )

8aRI DALJI'l' SJlfOB (


SUaVBYOa
or
WORKS (CZ)
SUBVBYOa O' WORKS ( ..UI""."

SURIJfTBIfDIJfO

Central Public Works Department, N~w Delhi


)

t, ...

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