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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas

EM-01-Plan and Schedule Operations


Question Code Question
SETS15KFOZPYIID
N
1.
If the alkalinity of the main engine jacket water was
dropping, what would you check first?
(A)
Levels of additive being added.
(B)
Sea water leakage at the heat exchanger.
(C)
Contamination of the topping up water.
>
(D)
Amount of water added to the header tank.
SET010000001772
N
2.
What is the most practical way to control the humidity of
the cooled air to the
accommodation as well as efficiency control in tropical climates ?
(A)
Keep portholes and vents closed.
(B)
Keep the outside watertight doors closed as much as possible.
>
(C)
Keep both fresh air intake and recirculation open , throttle with F.A.I.
(D)
Ensure galley, laundry room, drying room doors always closed.
SETS1JL7PU5GA4P
N
3.
If a lube oil analysis report was received indicating a
decrease in the TBN, what would you
suspect?
(A)
Fuel contamination.
(B)
Contamination with combustion products.
(C)
Sea water contamination.
>
(D)
Incorrect oil has been used for topping up.
SETS166UIB1A7JP
N
4.
If a lube oil analysis report was received indicating
increased alkalinity of the oil, what would
you suspect?
>
(A)
Jacket water contamination.
(B)
Sea water contamination.
(C)
Incorrect oil has been used for topping up.
(D)
Fuel contamination.
SETS1YMPMW24X5
N
5.
water system should be set...

The low pressure alarm for a diesel engine jacket cooling

>
(A)
slightly higher than the static system pressure, with the pump stopped.
(B)
exactly equal to the static system pressure, with the pump stopped.
(C)
slightly lower than static system pressure, with the pump running.
(D)
slightly lower than the static system pressure, with the pump stopped.
SETS1N7BMP2WIBJ
N
6.
When the watchkeeper checks the control room of a UMS
engine room the turbo blower
rpm have increased overnight. What could have caused this?
(A)
Poor combustion due to malfunction of fuel valves.
(B)
The fuel viscosity too high.
>
(C)
Adverse wind and current.
(D)
Favourable wind and current.
SETS1MJ3323A8BC
N
7.
What is a possible result of the oil fuel heater operating at
a too high temperature?
(A)
The recirculating valve will automatically close.
(B)
The heater relief valve will open.
>
(C)
Carbon deposit build-up on the heater coils.
(D)
The fuel oil pump will lose suction.
SETS1S8Q29C5ZHP
N
8.
If a crankcase explosion occurs, it is essential...
(A)
to stop the engine and ventilate the crankcase as soon as possible.
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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
>

to keep the engine running at reduced load until it has cooled down.
(C)
to stop the engine and keep the crankcase doors shut until the engine has

cooled.
(D)
to stop the engine and shut off the lubricating oil supply immediately.
SETS1ATVSZ1MRM
N
9.
What is the difference when using a centrifugal separator
as a clarifier rather than a purifier?
(A)
When clarifying a different set of discs must be used.
(B)
Clarifiers will use a different size of dam ring.
>
(C)
The clarifier does not require a water seal.
(D)
There will be less discs and wider separation spaces when clarifying.
SETS12EV9HICNXD
N
10.
Due to a major leak, all of the main engine lube oil is in the
engine room bilges. After
repairing the leak how would you proceed?
(A)
Pump the oil to the renovating tank, purify and re-use.
(B)
Re-use half of the oil and top up with new oil.
>
(C)
Pump oil to the renovating tank and renew entire engine oil charge.
(D)
Re-use the oil after purifying.
SETS1A2WEGLFGJ
N
11.
To obtain the maximum efficiency when operating a
centrifugal separator, heavy fuel oil
should be...
(A)
purified at bunker tank temperature.
(B)
purified with the constant addition of water.
(C)
heated to a minimum of 120C (248F)
>
(D)
heated to 80 - 90C (175-195F)
SETS1X6ZYV3DSMI
N
12.
What is the most serious consequence of scale formation
on the water side of boiler tubes?
(A)
Increased fuel consumption due to reduced heat transfer.
(B)
Loss of efficiency due to reduced heat transfer.
>
(C)
Overheating of tubes due to reduced heat transfer.
(D)
Increased feed consumption due to reduced heat transfer.
SETS1AEDVSTNS1
N
13.
If a lube oil analysis report was received indicating water
contamination of the oil, what
action would you take?
(A)
Take no action until receiving the results of a second sample.
>
(B)
Investigate possible source, purify and submit further sample.
(C)
Renew the entire oil charge, repair the leak and submit a further sample.
(D)
Increase the purifier hours and submit another sample.
SET010000002119
N
14.
What is the most important connection with the deck
department for the chief engineer ?
>
(A)
Knowledge of all sailing plans and cargo loading/discharging.
(B)
Maintenance of all safety appliances.
(C)
Maintenance of all cargo gear.
(D)
The ships speed and consumption.
SETS1UBRQZ02N0
N
15.
If a diesel engine fuel boost pump has to be by-passed and
the engine supplied by gravity
feed, what possible consequence would you expect?
(A)
The injection pumps will overheat.
(B)
The engine will run unevenly.
>
(C)
The engine will not operate at full load.
(D)
The exhaust temperature scatter will increase.
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SETS1Y7BYQ00VU
N
16.
During operation of the main engine, the exhaust
temperature increases on one of the
cylinders. The turbocharger starts surging and smoke is coming from the inlet air filter.
What is the probable cause?
(A)
Turbocharger failure.
(B)
Fuel valve seized in the open position.
>
(C)
Scavenge box fire.
(D)
High back pressure in the exhaust system.
SET010000001695
N
17.
On board your vessel the main engine consumes hourly
1375 litres HFO, the boiler 560
litres per hour and the auxiliary diesel 166 litres per hour. At what throughput shall you
feed
the HFO purifier?
(A)
2600 litres/hour
(B)
3700 litres/hour
>
(C)
2350 litres/hour
(D)
3200 litres/hour
SPECTRRT9GXPLG
N
18.
The 'traffic light' approach is a system for dealing with
material changes in circumstances.
How many changes are required for the light to change from green to amber?
(A)
4
(B)
2
(C)
3
>
(D)
1
SETS1CMUSCXAV8
N
19.
What is the most serious consequence of piston damage in
a trunk piston type diesel
(A)
Damage to cylinder liner.
(B)
Loss of engine power output.
(C)
Contamination of the lube oil.
>
(D)
Crankcase explosion.
SETS1N9S83IM11U
N
20.
Why is it important to slow down the main engine RPM
while water washing the
turbocharger?
(A)
To prevent the rotor from becoming unbalanced.
(B)
To protect the exhaust gas economizer.
(C)
To protect the blower vanes and bearings.
>
(D)
To protect rotor blades from damage.
SPECTY5JUVZDDJK
N
21.
There are three barriers which can often make developing
an effective engine room team
harder. These are:
(A)
Age, rank and certification.
>
(B)
Culture, rank and certification.
(C)
Age, rank and culture.
(D)
Culture, certification and age.
SETS1LA8F2THAJ9
N
22.
The header tank boils up quickly in the main engine jacket
water cooling system. What is
the most likely reason?
>
(A)
There is a cracked cylinder liner, or cover.
(B)
The engine is overloaded.
(C)
The expansion tank level is too low.
(D)
The jacket water circulating pump is malfunctioning.
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SET010000001775
N
23.
You are required to order 1 years supply of refrigerant
compressor oil and you estimate that
consumption will be 480 litres in that time. If there is already an open drum of 180 litres
on
board, what will you order ?
(A)
15 pails x 20 litres.
(B)
Two drums x 205 litres.
(C)
One drum x 205 litres + 5 pails x 20 litres.
>
(D)
24 pails x 20 litres.
SETS1MFF0DMU5R
N
24.
If a lube oil analysis report was received indicating
seriously lowered flashpoint of the oil,
what action would you take?
>
(A)
Renew the entire oil charge, repair the leak and submit a further sample.
(B)
Take no action until receiving the results of a second sample.
(C)
Increase the purifier hours and submit another sample.
(D)
Pump oil to the renovating tank, apply heating and purify.
SETS1EIQXGE97O9
N
25.
Why might the Chief Engineer decide to slow the main
engine in rough sea conditions?
>
(A)
To prevent the engine overspeeding.
(B)
To prevent damage to the thrust bearing.
(C)
Because of increased cylinder wear.
(D)
To conserve fuel.
SET010000002120
N
26.
What is the most aspect of communication with the deck
department ?
(A)
Ballasting operations, cargo hold bilge pumping.
(B)
Operation of fire fighting and life saving equipment.
(C)
Executing of orders from the bridge.
>
(D)
Executing orders from and issuing warnings to the bridge.
SETS11A5GAR3WB
N
27.
In very rough seas you suspect a cracked main engine
cylinder liner. What would you do?
(A)
Stop the engine and renew the liner when the weather improves.
(B)
Proceed as normal, monitoring conditions until the weather improves.
>
(C)
Proceed at reduced revs until the weather improves and then renew the
liner.
(D)
Stop the engine immediately and renew the liner.
SETS1XU3XEPWG2
N
28.
In particularly rough sea conditions which of the following
problems must most concern the
Chief Engineer?
(A)
Bilge high level alarms sounding.
(B)
Fuel tank low level alarms sounding.
(C)
Fluctuating auxiliary boiler water level.
>
(D)
Fuel being contaminated with sludge.
SETS180RSXUBM4
N
29.
If you suspected bacterial contamination of the fuel oil,
which of the following is the most
reliable indicator of bacterial growth?
(A)
Although fuel pressure is low, the filters appear clean.
>
(B)
Unpleasant smell when cleaning filters.
(C)
Presence of water in the fuel.
(D)
Inefficient combustion.
SETS15HST4IATW1
N
30.
If you suspect the presence of water contamination of the
boiler fuel, what should you do?
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(A)
Shut down the boiler and drain the lines.
(B)
Check the colour of the funnel emission.
(C)
Open the drain on the fuel oil suction filters.
>
(D)
Test for water at the settling tank drain.
SETS1DXEVHI189E
N
31.
In a chilled water air conditioning system, what is the
possible danger if the accommodation
vent fans stop?
(A)
That the compressor will overload.
>
(B)
That the chiller will freeze up.
(C)
That the compressor bursting disc will rupture.
(D)
That the expansion valve will freeze up.
SETS1N64A77DIQ5
N
32.
After water washing the turbocharger exhaust side, the
blower starts to vibrate. What is the
most likely cause of this?
(A)
The water drain for the washing system is blocked.
>
(B)
The rotor blades are damaged or the blades are only partially cleaned.
(C)
The securing bolts for the blower unit have loosened.
(D)
The air inlet filter is choked.
SETS1IEHC8BWVIX
N
33.
You notice that the lube oil consumption of a diesel engine
has decreased markedly. What
action would you take?
(A)
Take no action but continue to monitor lube consumption.
>
(B)
Check the jacket water topping up frequency and test a lube oil sample.
(C)
Stop the engine and check for fuel or water leaks.
(D)
Reduce the load and increase the purifier running times.
SETS151OZWIUR3U
N
34.
If the main engine lube oil filters require constant cleaning
which of the following is the most
likely?
(A)
Damage to the engine bearings.
(B)
Fuel contamination of the lube oil.
>
(C)
Centrifugal purifier not effectively cleaning the lube oil.
(D)
Damaged or worn cylinder liners.
SETS1WNQV1WJ3W N
35.
What would you ensure that the watchkeeping engineer
was noting in the Oil Record Book?
1
(A)
Quantities of bunkers and bilge discharges.
(B)
Start and stop times of bunkers and bilge discharges.
>
(C)
All of these must be entered in the oil record book.
(D)
Ship's position during bunkers and bilge discharges.
SETS1WE279NSINB
N
36.
On joining a vessel, what pollution certificate would you
check was valid?
(A)
Classification survey certificate for oily/water separator.
>
(B)
IOPP certificate.
(C)
Registration authority pollution certificate.
(D)
Oily water separator, registeration authority approval certificate.
SETS1XMBR2WUDX
N
37.
You are experiencing blow-by on the main engine but, due
to operational circumstances, it
A
is impossible to stop and carry out a piston overhaul. What is the correct action to take?
(A)
Increase cylinder oil consumption.
(B)
Reduce speed and closely monitor exhaust temperature on the affected unit.
>
(C)
Reduce speed temporarily and increase cylinder oil supply.
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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
Continue running at normal load and speed, alert the watchkeepers to monitor
conditions.
SETS1UCW3CHSQK
N
38.
If you bunker fuel with a high sulphur and ash content,
what action would you take?
G
>
(A)
Operate the main engine at reduced load.
(B)
Set the high exhaust temperature alarms slightly higher.
(C)
Increase the purification temperature.
(D)
Lower the purifier throughput.
SETS1T85ZQXQXR
N
39.
Before making an annual load line inspection, the surveyor
must see...
(A)
only the current load line certificate.
(B)
only the previous annual certificate of survey.
>
(C)
all safety certificates.
(D)
only the current certificate of class.
SETS1T63G3DSM3
N
40.
When the main engine is stopped with the fuel lever at no
fuel position but the engine
continues to run, what would you check first?
(A)
The air start valves.
(B)
The governor settings.
>
(C)
The fuel pump racks.
(D)
The fuel lever control linkage.
SETS1TIO9NPB48S
N
41.
If the alkalinity of the main engine jacket water was
dropping but the addition of topping up
water was normal, what would you suspect?
>
(A)
Contamination of the jacket water with combustion gases.
(B)
Sea water contamination.
(C)
Poor quality of the domestic supply used for the topping up water.
(D)
Internal water leakage.
SETS1UY4R06G541
N
42.
The presence of oil in the condensate return drains
inspection tank is most likely to be the
result of...
(A)
improper drainage of the fuel oil heater coils.
(B)
operating the fuel oil heater at excessive temperatures.
>
(C)
a leaking heating coil in a fuel oil tank.
(D)
a defective relief valve on the fuel oil heater.
SETS1Y5VTHGAISK
N
43.
If you need to carry out essential main engine
maintenance that will take longer than the
next planned port stay, how would you deal with the situation?
>
(A)
Consult with the Captain and Engineering Superintendent to minimise any
delay.
(B)
Carry out the minimum work and put off the maintenance until a suitable length
port
stay.
(C)
Start the maintenance work and delay the sailing until completed.
(D)
Inform the Captain and Engineering Superintendent that extra port time will be
SETS1RNECLJOP2
N
44.
If on inspection of a tubular heat exchanger, the sacrificial
anodes are unworn, what could
this signify?
(A)
Coolant flow too high to establish the electrolytic circuit.
>
(B)
No electrical contact between anode and cooler body.
(C)
Incorrect anodes fitted.
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(D)
The anodes are suitable for further use.
SETS1UR2JVBT0O6
N
45.
On completion of the fitting of a new main sea circulating
pump, an inspection must be
carried out by...
(A)
An appointed marine surveyor.
(B)
A surveyor from the registration authority.
(C)
A senior ship's engineeer.
>
(D)
A surveyor from the classification society.
SET010000002498
N
46.
The water in a steaming auxiliary boiler should be tested
daily for .....
>
(A)
chlorides.
(B)
sulphites.
(C)
dissolved oxygen.
(D)
dissolved nitrogen.
SETS182NDOY789B
N
47.
What action would you take if the watchkeeper reported
that the air conditioning system
filter/drier unit was icing up?
>
(A)
Isolate the filter/drier unit, open up and fit a new element.
(B)
Check that all outside doors and ports were secured.
(C)
Check that the sea water cooling was satisfactory.
(D)
Check that there was sufficient refrigerant in the system.
SET010000001975
N
48.
What kind of 5-yearly maintenance should be carried out
on this type of heat exchanger ?
(A)
Exchange all gaskets, clean and test for classification.
(B)
Open inspection covers and check for leaks, clean tubes.
(C)
Pull and clean tube nest and inspection by class surveyor.
>
(D)
Mechanical and chemical cleaning, test for classification.
SETS1HVQVBYUJK
N
49.
Which of the following does not require to be entered in
the Oil Record Book?
(A)
All bilge discharges at sea and alongside.
(B)
All lube oils loaded or discharged.
>
(C)
Fuel transfers from bunker to service tanks.
(D)
All fuel oils bunkered.
SETS1RHBTLRD608
N
50.
If the watchkeeping engineer reported the main fuel filters
required constant cleaning in poor
weather, what would you suspect?
(A)
Ingress of sea water into the fuel.
(B)
Air in the fuel system.
>
(C)
Sludge being picked up in the fuel tanks.
(D)
Poor quality fuel supply.
SETS1N3QYQBI5X5
N
51.
If the oily/water separator discharge is above the
maximum allowable level what would you
expect to happen to prevent oil discharge?
(A)
A visible alarm in the control room and on the bridge alerts the watchkeeper.
(B)
An alarm sounds and the discharge is dumped to the bilge.
>
(C)
The bilge discharge pump is stopped and an alarm sounds.
(D)
An audible alarm sounds in the control room to alert the watchkeeper.
SET010000002121
N
52.
Which of the following is the Chief Engineer's obligation to
calculate in advance for the next
voyage and may not be delegated?
(A)
Spares and consumable stores essential for the voyage.
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>
(B)
All of these options.
(C)
Lub oil requirement.
(D)
Fuel requirement.
SETS1XAL51T4LUR
N
53.
You have checked the oil viscosity in an alternator diesel
engine with the lube oil test kit.
The result shows that the viscosity is very low, what action would you take?
>
(A)
Stop the engine immediately, check for fuel leaks and renew the oil
charge.
(B)
Stop the engine and part renew the oil charge, put back into service and retest
(C)
Stop the engine and batch purify the lube oil.
(D)
Maintain the engine in service but monitor the lube oil viscosity.
SETS1CDYL8R760O
N
54.
Whilst on passage a crack developes in the main engine
crankcase. What action would you
take?
(A)
Stop the engine and await advice before proceeding.
>
(B)
Drill and stop the crack ends, proceed at reduced revs.
(C)
Inform the Captain and head for closest port.
(D)
Proceed as normal but monitore the crack for further deterioration.
SET010000002116
N
55.
According to regulations, on board ships it is necessary to
have PUMP REDUNDANCY.
What does this mean ?
(A)
A stand-by pump must be available for each pump separately
(B)
All pumps in the engine room are duplicated
(C)
Two identical pumps must be fitted for each circuit.
>
(D)
All essential pumps in the engine room have a back-up possibility
SETS159AWZD1O5
N
56.
What would be the first indication of an incipient problem
with the provision room's
refrigerating plant?
(A)
Softening of the deep freeze contents.
(B)
Rise in temperatures of the provision rooms.
(C)
Increase in evaporator return temperatures.
>
(D)
Increased refrigerant compressor running hours.
SETS1NO7CEMYF9
N
57.
Which of the following salts, found in boiler feed water,
can be responsible for the most
damaging effects?
>
(A)
Calcium Sulphate.
(B)
Magnesium Chloride.
(C)
Magnesium Sulphate.
(D)
Sodium Chloride.
SET010000001702
N
58.
Suppose the crankcase oil system contains 14000 litres of
oil and the capacity of the
Lubrication Oil purifier is 2500 litres/hour maximum, what throughput should be
maintained?
(A)
1680 - 1850 litres per hour.
>
(B)
2300 - 2400 litres per hour.
(C)
1350 - 1450 litres per hour.
(D)
1950 - 2100 litres per hour.
SETS1EKM2PZFN3
N
59.
If the main jacket cooling system required constant
topping up, what is the most likely
source of leakage?
>
(A)
The circulating pump shaft seal.
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(B)
The bottom cylinder liner seals.
(C)
The engine inlet and outlet connections.
(D)
The cylinder cover/liner joint.
SETS1PLFECCJEO
N
60.
The plate heat exchanger is separated for cleaning. How
should this be carried out if the
plates are badly coated?
(A)
Fit a spare set of plates and have the dirty plates cleaned by a specialist contractor.
>
(B)
Put the plates in water with cleaning chemicals. Use a soft brush or high
pressure
cleaner with care.
(C)
Use a wire-brush or metal scraper to clean the plates.
(D)
Use a scraper and high pressure cleaner.
SETS1MYPNTDOAF
N
61.
What precaution must be observed when fitting new
anodes to heat exchanger sea water
spaces?
(A)
Ensure no damage is caused to the exterior surface of the anode.
>
(B)
Ensure good, clean contact is made between anode and cooler body.
(C)
PTFE tape applied to the plug threads to enable easy removal.
(D)
Ensure the anode is as close as possible to the tube plate.
VIDTLGE0FWZS48A
N
62.
In the starting air layout shown what is the purpose of
item 'A'?
>
(A)
Interlock air blocking valve.
(B)
Pilot air control valve.
(C)
Automatic air venting valve.
(D)
Air relief valve.
EO-03-Operate Main Machinery and Control Systems
Question Code Question
SET010000003141
N
1.
When checking the tightness of nuts and bolts during a
diesel engine crankcase and
hold-down bolt inspection, the quickest and most effective method is ............
(A)
checking the tightness using torque spanners.
>
(B)
tapping the nuts and bolts with a hammer.
(C)
checking bold clearances with feeler gauges.
(D)
checking the stress on the locking plates or split pins.
STCW2SVDIF3O64O
N
2.
What is the most significant effect of fuel oil
contamination of the lub oil?
(A)
Increases viscosity.
(B)
Increases flashpoint.
>
(C)
Decreases flashpoint.
(D)
Removes additives from the lub oil.
SET010000002434
N
3.
The upward movement caused by the fuel cam is
transferred to the plunger via the
................... on the fuel pump.
(A)
barrel
(B)
plunger spring
(C)
cam lever
>
(D)
roller
SET010000003109
N
4.
As a rule of thumb, the time interval for automatic
desludging of lubricating oil purifiers fitted
on sumps of trunk-type engines should be set at ..................hours.
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(A)
6 to 8
(B)
4 to 6
(C)
2 to 4
>
(D)
1 to 2
SET010000001701
N
5.
What is the usual inlet temperature of Main Engine
lubricating oil to the purifier (Tin) ?
(A)
75 degree C
(B)
70 degree C
>
(C)
85 degree C
(D)
95 degree C
SET010000001655
N
6.
What kind of fuel oil system is shown here ?
(A)
A gas oil system.
>
(B)
A blend fuel oil system.
(C)
A heavy fuel oil system.
(D)
A marine diesel oil system.
SET010000002486
N
7.
In a naturally aspirated 4 cycle diesel engine the exhaust
valve is open for a period of
..................
(A)
180 degrees.
(B)
200 degrees.
>
(C)
250 degrees.
(D)
160 degrees.
SET010000001704
N
8.
Where and how would you take sample of the oil from the
Main Engine sump tank?
(A)
From the suction filter drain of the M.E. Lub Oil Pumps.
(B)
In port when engine is stopped taken directly from the sump tank.
(C)
At the sample cock on delivery side of the M.E. Lub Oil Pump.
>
(D)
After the purifier when running sump to sump and M.E. running.
SET010000001076
N
9.
What liquid is used to clean the turbo charger of a large
low speed main engine? (high
speed air side, half speed gas side)
(A)
A chemical mixture of oil and water.
>
(B)
Water.
(C)
A chemical mixture of acid and water.
(D)
Oil.
SET010000001054
N
10.
What is part number 8?
(A)
The air box
>
(B)
The air filter
(C)
The air cooler
(D)
The cooler inlet
SET010000002069
N
11.
What preparations are required regarding PISTONS and
CYLINDER LINERS of a diesel
engine prior to departure stand-by?
(A)
Open indicator cocks, close safety valve, turn lubricators.
(B)
Close safety valve, put out turning gear, open air bottles.
>
(C)
Preheat cylinders and pistons, turn engine, turn cylinder lubricators.
(D)
Open starting air, start booster pump, start stern tube pump.
STCW2ZITP91SLHQ
N
12.
Under what engine conditions are indicator cards taken?
(A)
At 75% full load.
(B)
Low power.
>
(C)
At normal full load.
(D)
At any engine loading.
10

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STCW2EB2B0OAQT
N
13.
What does the Jacket Cooling Water expansion tank level
dropping rapidly indicate?
>
(A)
There is a leakage in the jacket cooling water system.
(B)
Cracked cylinder liner.
(C)
Jacket water cooling pump failure.
(D)
Sudden change of engine load.
SET010000001653
N
14.
What might be a reasonable value for the scavenge air
temperature of this diesel running at
full speed ?
>
(A)
45 degrees C
(B)
28 degrees C
(C)
420 degrees C
(D)
75 degrees C
SET010000001622
N
15.
What are the parts marked "F" ?
(A)
Magnetic filters.
(B)
Fine filters.
(C)
Automatic filters.
>
(D)
Any of the these.
SET010000001064
N
16.
Which of the following would most likely account for a
decrease in main engine scavenging
air temperature?
(A)
A rising air temperature in the air cooler.
(B)
A dirty turbine wheel.
(C)
An increase in air volume.
>
(D)
A decrease in air volume.
STCW20FVMAWVI3
N
17.
Why is a slow speed two stroke diesel the most suitable for
a single fixed pitch propeller
vessel?
(A)
More fuel-efficient
>
(B)
Easier to reverse and no propulsion gearbox required
(C)
Less complicated than medium speed engines
(D)
Affords a better engine layout
STCW26YOJHYUQ6
N
18.
What is referred to as 'masking' of Diesel engine inlet and
exhaust valve heads?
>
(A)
When the valve seat becomes recessed into the head.
(B)
When the valve edge becomes very thin.
(C)
Build up of carbon on the valve stems.
(D)
Build up of carbon on valve seats.
SET010000003137
N
19.
In diesel engines, cylinder lubrication has the primary
function of .............. .
(A)
cooling the piston which would otherwise overheat and ensure that the carbon
between
the piston rings is cleared away.
>
(B)
forming a film between liner and rings, acting as a sealing barrier to
prevent the escape
of combustion gases and reducing friction between parts.
(C)
ensuring that cylinder liner and piston are well oiled so that they will not overheat.
(D)
flushing the carbon residue from the piston skirt and wash it down into the
scavenge
space.
SET010000002055
N
20.
Which grade of fuel oil can be used in this kind of engine
(built after 1990) ?
11

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
Marine diesel or distillate diesel oil.
>
(B)
Any of these fuels.
(C)
Blend or intermediate fuel oil.
(D)
Heavy fuel oil.
SET010000001639
N
21.
How are the crosshead bearings on this Diesel engine
supplied with lubricating oil?
(A)
Direct from the lub oil main line.
>
(B)
Via the main bearing, crankshaft, bottom end bearing and connecting rod.
(C)
Independently.
(D)
From the camshaft lub oil line.
SET010000001945
N
22.
On which unit of the scavenge air system is an automatic
drain fitted ?
(A)
On the scavenge air blower.
(B)
On the turbo blower.
>
(C)
On the scavenge air manifold.
(D)
On the exhaust gas boiler.
SET010000002450
N
23.
What is the effect of temperature on the specific gravity of
a fuel oil?
(A)
The higher the temperature the higher the specific gravity.
(B)
The lower the temperature the lower the specific gravity.
(C)
The lower the temperature the higher the specific gravity.
>
(D)
The higher the temperature the lower the specific gravity.
STCW237PZ7HYVR
N
24.
What would you do if the engine OIL MIST DETECTOR
alarm goes off indicating abnormal
oil vapour in the crankcase?
(A)
Investigate the oil pressure under slow down condition of engine.
(B)
Stop engine at once and open crankcase doors to vent vapour.
>
(C)
Slow down then stop engine and cool down for at least half an hour.
(D)
Feel all crankcase doors and camshaft block for hot spot.
STCW2HGCSQ16AV
N
25.
What is the most likely reason for high exhaust
temperatures in all cylinders of a Diesel
3
engine?
(A)
A cracked liner.
(B)
Broken piston ring.
(C)
A faulty fuel valve.
>
(D)
Rising scavenge air temperature.
SET010000001941
N
26.
In which part indicated on this scavenge air schematic is
mechanical power converted to
thermal power ?
>
(A)
In the turboblower and scavenge air blower (no 2 and no 5)
(B)
In the main engine
(C)
In the exhaust gas turbine (no 1)
(D)
In the exhaust gas boiler
SET010000001061
N
27.
Pressure in the combustion chamber can be reduced by
.....
(A)
a piston ring failure.
(B)
a burnt piston top.
>
(C)
All of the other options.
(D)
a leaking exhaust valve.
SET010000002044
N
28.
A piston of this type is composed of the following main
parts:12

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
piston body, piston flange, piston crown.
>
(B)
piston crown, piston rod, piston skirt, intermediate piece.
(C)
piston, piston rings, telescopic piping.
(D)
piston crown, piston body, piston rings.
STCW2BRV4Y0EN1
N
29.
What important contribution does Nitrogen have to the
combustion process in a Diesel
engine?
>
(A)
Assists in the cooling process during combustion.
(B)
Acts as a catalyst to the combining of oxygen and the hydrocarbons.
(C)
Prevents the deposition of damaging elements on valves and seats.
(D)
Assists in mixing the charge air with the atomised fuel.
SET010000002063
N
30.
What kind of diesel scavenging system is shown on the top
centre drawing ?
(A)
Transversal.
>
(B)
Loop scavenging.
(C)
Four-way uniflow.
(D)
Cross scavenging.
STCW2RNULJIT5NA
N
31.
What could indicate a choked heat exchanger on the jacket
water system?
(A)
Low seawater pressure.
(B)
Low jacket water flow.
(C)
High exhaust temperatures.
>
(D)
High jacket water temperature.
STCW2F2GF7EWTU
N
32.
In a 4-stroke diesel what is referred to as valve overlap?
Z
>
(A)
Period when both inlet and exhaust valves are open together.
(B)
Period when injection and exhaust valve are open together.
(C)
The total opening period of inlet and exhaust valves.
(D)
Period when injection and inlet valve are open together.
SET010000004738
N
33.
Which of the following is the distance between the piston
and the cylinder head when the
piston is at bottom dead center ?
>
(A)
Cylinder clearance.
(B)
Any of these.
(C)
Combustion clearance.
(D)
Compression clearance.
SET010000002604
N
34.
What is Part No 7 ?
(A)
The sediment tapping valve.
(B)
The high pressure Lub oil inlet.
>
(C)
The cooling water drain valve.
(D)
The water temperature gauge.
SET010000001063
N
35.
What is likely the reason if the exhaust temperature is
increasing in all cylinders of the
main engine ?
(A)
A faulty fuel valve.
(B)
A cracked liner.
(C)
Broken piston ring.
>
(D)
Rising scavenging air temperature.
SET010000002036
N
36.
At which moment exactly does the safety valve of a diesel
engine open?
(A)
When fuel was retained previously in the cylinder.
13

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(B)
When the gas pressure in the engine exceeds the spring pressure.
(C)
When too much starting air is admitted.
(D)
At top dead point of the cylinder by max firing pressure.
SET010000004731
N
37.
Paint spraying has been carried out in the engine room
while the engine was running and
the turbocharger was not protected. This could cause which of the following ?
>
(A)
Higher then normal exhaust gas temperatures.
(B)
Higher than normal scavenging air pressure.
(C)
Higher than normal revolutions on the turbocharger.
(D)
Lower than normal revolutions on the turbocharger.
SET010000003140
N
38.
Fire in the scavenging chambers of diesel engines may be
caused by combustion of carbon
deposits accumulated over an extended period due to .................
(A)
excessive lubrication of the cylinder liner.
>
(B)
slow combustion caused by poor injection.
(C)
wrong grade fuel oils used for extended period in the engine.
(D)
blocked stuffing box drain piping or worn stuffing box wear rings or sealing rings.
SET010000002049
N
39.
What type of scavenge system is in use in this diesel
engine ?
(A)
A uniflow scavenge system.
(B)
Combined scavenging.
>
(C)
Loop scavenging.
(D)
Diverted scavenging.
SET010000002517
N
40.
In a four stroke cycle diesel engine, the four stroke of the
piston required to complete one
cycle which must take place in regular order. The second stroke ................ .
>
(A)
compresses the air.
(B)
draws air into the cylinder.
(C)
expels the burned gases.
(D)
is the power stroke.
STCW2IETSXA2K0D
N
41.
How are starting air valves made gas tight in the cylinder
heads of diesel engines?
(A)
They are screwed into the cylinder head and asbestos sealed.
(B)
Teflon or Viton seal rings are fitted.
>
(C)
A copper gasket is fitted.
(D)
By face to face, hydraulic pressure applied.
SET010000001050
N
42.
Which part is the exhaust gas receiver ?
(A)
Number 8
>
(B)
Number 1
(C)
Number 7
(D)
Number 6
SET010000001698
N
43.
What description best fits the Main Engine Lub. Oil sump
tank ?
(A)
A collecting tank for main engine dirty oil used by the Main Engine
(B)
An overflow tank of the Main Engine system oil
(C)
A Main Engine system oil reserve tank
>
(D)
A collecting and buffer tank of the Main Engine system oil
SET010000004764
N
44.
What will the effect be if a fuel injector valve is dripping
after completion of injection ?
(A)
Better combustion.
(B)
Less carbonizing.
14

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(C)
Damage to piston & liner.
(D)
Greater output of the engine.
STCW2MJ1EB8X4A
N
45.
During overhaul what two piston ring dimensions are
taken?
>
(A)
Butt gap and axial clearance.
(B)
Axial thickness and butt gap.
(C)
Butt gap and radial depth.
(D)
Axial thickness and radial depth.
SET010000002435
N
46.
The injector seen in the drawing is best described as
........................ type injector.
(A)
a heavy fuel oil
(B)
a diesel oil
>
(C)
a water cooled
(D)
a forced circulation
SET010000001939
N
47.
In what part shown on this scavenge air schematic diagram
is heat converted into
mechanical power ?
>
(A)
In part 1, the exhaust gas turbine.
(B)
In the main engine.
(C)
In part 2, the turboblower.
(D)
In part 5, the scavenge air blower.
SET010000004726
N
48.
To avoid the possibility of a scavenge fire what important
check is to be carried out every
watch and more frequently if a damaged piston ring is suspected?
(A)
Overhear the cylinder for noise.
(B)
The exhaust gas temperature.
(C)
The cylinder lubrication.
>
(D)
The scavenge drain flow through.
SET010000004781
N
49.
Why do diesel engine manufacturers recommend grinding
the valve seating surface with a
half degree difference to the valve seat?
(A)
To minimize heat transfer between seat and housing.
(B)
To prevent pitting of the valve seat.
>
(C)
To improve sealing between valve and seat.
(D)
To avoid sticking between valve and seat during high load operation.
SET010000002513
N
50.
What do you call the gauge that measures the concentric
position of the crankshaft or rotor
shaft in its bearing ?
>
(A)
A bridge gauge.
(B)
A slip gauge.
(C)
A poker gauge.
(D)
A shafting gauge.
STCW28075H80HSB N
51.
What is the final engine test before starting the main
engine for departure?
>
(A)
Blow indicator cocks, test reversing of engine, short firing kick.
(B)
Close safety valves, blow indicator cocks, fill air bottles
(C)
Put out the turning gear and turn the lubricators.
(D)
Open air to engine, drain air bottles, blow indicator cocks
SET010000001640
N
52.
How is the gear train lubricated on this Diesel engine?
(A)
Via the crankshaft.
(B)
Via the camshaft system.
(C)
By its own independent lub oil cicuit.
15

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(D)
Direct from the common lub oil circuit.
STCW2VI7X2JPIY4
N
53.
In the case of a serious main engine malfunction what
would be your course of action?
(A)
Attempt to rectify the fault.
(B)
Stop the engine immediately and investigate the cause.
(C)
Slow down the engine and attempt to rectify the fault.
>
(D)
Inform the bridge watch keeper before taking any action.
SET010000004724
N
54.
When all preparations have been made to ensure that the
main engine is operational prior to
departure, what will be the final test to be carried out ?
(A)
Put out the turning gear and turn the lubricators.
>
(B)
Blow indicator cocks, test reversing of engine, short firing kick.
(C)
Close safety valves, blow indicator cocks, fill air bottles.
(D)
Open air to engine, drain air bottles, blow indicator cocks.
STCW25DTQI44WDJ N
55.
What is the most usual damage caused by a broken timing
chain on a Diesel engine?
(A)
Broken connecting rods.
>
(B)
Bent push rods.
(C)
Broken camshaft.
(D)
Broken valve stems.
STCW2QG5HHPZ8K
N
56.
What should be carried out before starting a Diesel engine
that has been stopped for a
V
period?
>
(A)
Turn over on air with indicator cocks open.
(B)
Check the governor operation.
(C)
Bar over by hand for several revolutions
(D)
Check the reversing mechanism.
STCW2D7YIR51W5T N
57.
When taking performance figures on a 4 stroke Diesel
engine, how is the quantity of fuel
delivered by each pump determined?
(A)
By the governor position.
>
(B)
By the position of each fuel rack.
(C)
By the position of the fuel control lever.
(D)
By the cylinder peak pressure.
SET010000002070
N
58.
What should be observed when you make a lubrication
check of the engine forced
lubrication oil system ?
>
(A)
Uniform oil flow from bearings, top ends, guides, gear train.
(B)
That the oil pressure on the top position manometer is correct.
(C)
The level in the oil sump tank.
(D)
The condition of the oil in the sump tank by test kit.
SET010000001957
N
59.
In the Main Engine sea water circuit why are the Lub Oil
and the Scavenge air coolers fitted
in front of the jacket and piston water coolers ?
>
(A)
The Lub Oil and Scavenge air temperatures are lower.
(B)
For ease of installation.
(C)
The Scavenge air and Lub Oil coolers have by-pass valves fitted.
(D)
They need more cooling water.
SET010000002602
N
60.
What is component No 5 ?
(A)
The lub oil inlet
(B)
The fresh water purger
>
(C)
The oil purging valve
16

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(D)
The Sediment drain
SET010000002060
N
61.
How are starting air valves made gas tight in the cylinder
heads of diesel engines ?
(A)
Teflon or Viton seal rings are fitted.
(B)
They are screwed into the cylinder head and asbestos sealed.
(C)
By face to face, hydraulic pressure applied.
>
(D)
A copper gasket is fitted.
STCW244O4OU7RH
N
62.
What is the distance between the piston and the cylinder
head when the piston is at bottom
dead centre?
(A)
The valve clearance.
(B)
The compression clearance.
>
(C)
The cylinder clearance.
(D)
The combustion clearance.
STCW219KEIW565J
N
63.
In a trunk piston Diesel engine how is the piston cooled?
(A)
By a dedicated piston supply line.
(B)
By jacket cooling water.
(C)
Separate piston cooling oil supply.
>
(D)
By the crankcase oil spraying on the underside of the piston.
SET010000001078
N
64.
What is the purpose of part number 6 ?
>
(A)
To prevent accumulation of air in the cooling system.
(B)
To be an extra expansion tank.
(C)
To prevent an increase in water pressure.
(D)
To measure difference of pressure before and after the cooler.
SET010000004730
N
65.
The water cooling space on the turbocharger is damaged
and you have no spares. The
cooling water must be closed. What steps would you take to ensure least possible
>
(A)
Remove rotor assembly and fit the sealing plate.
(B)
Run the engine at lower speed with the turbine drains open.
(C)
Shut off cooling water and run at reduced rpm.
(D)
Open turbine drains and tell the duty engineer to pay special attention for
SET010000001630
N
66.
What is item "J" ?
(A)
The Sea Water Cooling Pump.
(B)
A Water Strainer.
(C)
The Piston Cooling Water Pump.
>
(D)
The Jacket Cooling Water Pump.
STCW2XNGL2447BI
N
67.
How should diesel engine exhaust temperatures change?
(A)
Rise as engine rpm rises.
(B)
Remain steady under fluctuating load.
(C)
All remain the same.
>
(D)
Alter according to engine load.
SET010000004736
N
68.
Which of these could cause a problem with surging in the
turbocharger ?
(A)
Dirty rotor blades and nozzle ring.
(B)
Worn bearings on the turbocharger.
(C)
Lubrication oil pump is malfunctioning.
>
(D)
Dirty scavenging air cooler on the air side.
SET010000001051
N
69.
Which part is the exhaust valve ?
(A)
Number 4
(B)
Number 1
>
(C)
Number 2
(D)
Number 6
17

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SET010000002495
N
70.
Clearing a cylinder of exhaust gases by forcing in a current
of air which provides clean air for
the next compression stroke is called .....
(A)
compression.
(B)
cycle.
>
(C)
scavenging.
(D)
expansion.
SET010000002433
N
71.
The engine to which this fuel pump is fitted is ...........
(A)
a main engine with controllable-pitch propeller.
(B)
an auxiliary engine fuelled by diesel oil driving an alternator.
>
(C)
a main engine with direct coupled shaft and propeller.
(D)
an auxiliary engine fuelled by heavy fuel oil and driving an alternator.
SET010000002048
N
72.
What type of diesel engine is shown here ?
(A)
A four stroke trunk type engine.
>
(B)
A two stroke trunk-piston type engine.
(C)
A four stroke supercharged engine.
(D)
A two stroke crosshead type engine.
SET010000004792
N
73.
What steps are to be taken in chronological order to
stabilise a governor of a diesel engine
after overhaul ?
(A)
Set integrating to MAX, then adjust speed (P) and differential D.
>
(B)
Adjust speed (P) setting, than integrating, next differentiating from zero.
(C)
Set integrating and differentiating to MAX, set speed (P) from zero upwards.
(D)
Set integrating to MAX, differentiating to MIN, adjust speed (P) upward.
SET010000004760
N
74.
You are experiencing major surging in the fresh water
cooling system. What could be the
reason?
>
(A)
You have a cracked liner, or cover.
(B)
The expansion tank is empty.
(C)
The cooling water temperature is too low.
(D)
The fresh water-circulating pump is malfunctioning.
SET010000001047
N
75.
Which part is the valve guide?
(A)
Number 4
>
(B)
Number 2
(C)
Number 1
(D)
Number 3
SET010000001663
N
76.
On a small diesel engine how would pump "P" be driven ?
(A)
By an electric motor.
(B)
By "V" belt from the crankshaft.
(C)
By gear drive from the main output shaft.
>
(D)
By gears driven from the crankshaft.
SET010000004762
N
77.
Why is the tightening of the timing chain important ?
>
(A)
To avoid wear down of chain and chain wheel teeth and a potential
breakdown.
(B)
To get the right timing on the chain.
(C)
To reduce the noise level.
(D)
To reduce vibration in the chain.
STCW2C5A9BNK6N
N
78.
What does a decreasing scavenging air temperature
mean?
(A)
An increase in air volume.
(B)
A rising air temperature in the air cooler.
18

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(C)
A dirty turbine wheel.
>
(D)
A decrease in air volume.
STCW2AVIWLXVN8
N
79.
What is the main advantage of a CP propeller installation?
>
(A)
Engine can be run at constant, uni-directional speed.
(B)
Higher engine rpm.
(C)
Less starting air consumption.
(D)
More efficient propeller coefficient.
STCW29G51WVWX
N
80.
Why is the ash content of a fuel oil significant?
MM
(A)
Is useful for determining proper atomisation temperatures.
(B)
Indicates the quantity of energy released by burning a unit amount of the fuel.
>
(C)
Is non-combustible and remains partly in the engine.
(D)
Reflects the overall thermal efficiency of the fuel oil service system.
SET010000001065
N
81.
What does a pressure drop across the scavenge air cooler
indicate ?
(A)
A reduced cooling water flow.
(B)
Fouling of the cooling water system.
(C)
Increased engine room temperature.
>
(D)
Fouling of cooler air side.
STCW2JNPU7VTE4
N
82.
What percentage excess air would you expect with good
combustion in a Diesel engine?
>
(A)
10 - 20%.
(B)
30 - 50%.
(C)
None.
(D)
0 - 10%.
STCW25QBAEGRJB
N
83.
Why must the scavenge air temperature be maintained
above a low temperature limit?
(A)
To maintain the thermal efficiency of the diesel.
(B)
To avoid cracking of the cylinder liner.
(C)
To avoid misfiring and starting problems.
>
(D)
To avoid condensate and water entering the engine.
SET010000001635
N
84.
Why is there an indicating flap "IF" (shown with arrow up
and arrow down) fitted on the
outlet of the piston cooling water buffer tank ?
>
(A)
To indicate that buffer air and water flow are in order.
(B)
To indicate if the pump is running
(C)
To indicate that the engine is running
(D)
To indicate that the buffer air in the system is in order.
SET010000001074
N
85.
What part is the de-airating tank ?
(A)
Number 1
(B)
Number 7
>
(C)
Number 6
(D)
Number 4
SET010000001976
N
86.
How frequently are the tanks (item number 3) of this fuel
oil schematic diagram refilled ?
(A)
They are refilled twice a week.
(B)
They are refilled only when required.
>
(C)
They are refilled once per day.
(D)
They are constantly refilled by the fuel purifier.
STCW2FVKTSL0N4
N
87.
On a large, slow speed diesel engine what would best
describe the bottom end bearings?
(A)
Solid insert liner.
19

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(B)
Direct lined.
(C)
Wrapped bushes.
>
(D)
Thick walled.
SET010000002056
N
88.
What is the purpose of the starting valve fitted on the
cylinder head of a diesel engine ?
(A)
To block the fuel and air supply unless in "START" position.
>
(B)
To allow starting air of 25 kg/cm2 into the cylinder when starting.
(C)
To activate the main air starting valve fitted on the engine.
(D)
To allow air from the main air bottle to enter the cylinder directly.
SET010000003145
N
89.
On all ships it is possible to cool the propulsion machinery
directly by the ............ .
>
(A)
salt water pump (main sea water pump).
(B)
after peak cooling water.
(C)
ballast pump.
(D)
main fire pump.
SET010000001978
N
90.
What is item number 4 of this fuel oil arrangement
drawing ?
>
(A)
A heater.
(B)
A fuel strainer.
(C)
A booster pump.
(D)
A fuel transfer pump.
SET010000002508
N
91.
Which part of the mechanical governor is manipulated by
the servo-motor to increase or
decrease engine speed ?
>
(A)
The linkage to the fuel rack.
(B)
The dashpot.
(C)
The sensitivity band.
(D)
The compensating spring.
SET010000001073
N
92.
What is part number 5 ?
(A)
A double valve.
>
(B)
A three way valve.
(C)
A thermostat.
(D)
A controllable thermostat.
SET010000001667
N
93.
For this auxiliary diesel fresh water system, what method
of temperature control is used ?
(A)
Controlling the outlet by regulating the inlet.
(B)
Controlling the inlet by regulating the outlet.
(C)
Controlling the outlet by regulating the outlet.
>
(D)
Controlling the inlet by regulating the inlet.
STCW21B5I6573HH
N
94.
What is the main purpose of turning gear on a large slow
speed diesel engine?
(A)
To check ease of turning before starting.
(B)
To position the engine for starting.
>
(C)
For inspection and overhaul of engine components.
(D)
To prevent the engine turning.
STCW2ZKQZO9TRG
N
95.
During a crankcase inspection what check should be made
on the lub oil?
O
(A)
The level in the oil sump tank.
>
(B)
Uniform oil flow from bearings, top ends, guides, and gear train.
(C)
The condition of the oil in the sump tank by test kit.
(D)
That the oil cooler inlet is clear.
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SET010000002064
N
96.
What kind of diesel scavenging system is shown on the top
right drawing ?
>
(A)
Cross scavenging.
(B)
Loop scavenging.
(C)
Traverse scavenging.
(D)
Uniflow scavenging.
SET010000004798
N
97.
The timing of the engine is delayed and the exhaust
temperatures are high. How would you
expect this to affect the turbocharger ?
(A)
Cause surging of turbocharger.
>
(B)
Cause increased turbocharger revolutions.
(C)
Cause higher air and gas temperatures after the turbocharger.
(D)
Cause decreased turbocharger revolutions.
SET010000001619
N
98.
What is item "V" ?
>
(A)
A viscometer.
(B)
A fine filter.
(C)
A flow control valve.
(D)
A steam trap.
SET010000002035
N
99.
What force makes a safety valve of a diesel engine open?
(A)
The starting air pressure admitted in the cylinder.
(B)
The fuel pressure to the cylinder head.
(C)
The exhaust gas pressure.
>
(D)
The pressure inside the combustion space.
SET010000001981
N
100. Which of the following system set-ups are possible using
the fuel arrangement shown here
(A)
Settling to Daily, Daily to Daily tank
(B)
Daily to Settling, Settling to Settling tank
(C)
Settling to settling, Daily to Daily tank
>
(D)
Settling to Daily, Settling to Settling tank
SET010000001949
N
101. For a turbo charger is running at full speed, what would be
a usual oil sump temperature on
the turbine side ?
(A)
45 to 50 degrees C
(B)
35 to 45 degrees C
(C)
55 to 65 degrees C
>
(D)
72 to 82 degrees C
STCW2W5NHZ13C7
N
102. For a turbo charger running at full speed, what would be a
usual oil sump bath temperature
on the turbine side?
(A)
35 to 45 deg C.
>
(B)
72 to 82 deg C.
(C)
55 to 65 deg C.
(D)
45 to 50 deg C.
SET010000002436
N
103. The end of the pumping action of this fuel pump is
determined by the position of the ......
............ .
(A)
fuel cam.
>
(B)
overflow valve.
(C)
pipe plunger.
(D)
suction valve.
SET010000002038
N
104. In which stage of its working process is this two-stroke
diesel engine?
21

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(A)
Firing.
>
(B)
Scavenging.
(C)
Gas expanding.
(D)
Compressing.
SET010000002441
N
105. Which of the following refers to the distance between the
piston top at BDC and TDC?
(A)
Any of these.
(B)
The compression clearance.
>
(C)
The stroke.
(D)
The cylinder distance.
STCW2VG09AMW5
N
106. What is the purpose of the expansion tank in a Diesel
engine jacket cooling water system?
AQ
(A)
To allow for leakage in the system.
(B)
To take up the difference of water pressure with changes of temperature.
>
(C)
To take up the difference of water volume with changes of temperature.
(D)
To act as a spare tank in case the pressure is dropping.
STCW2VUCH94RWE N
107. What part of the 4-stroke diesel cycle is adiabatic?
H
(A)
Suction stroke.
(B)
Combustion period.
>
(C)
Compression stroke.
(D)
Exhaust stroke.
SET010000001650
N
108. What is the function of drain valve "D" ?
(A)
To drain hydrocarbons and avoid explosion.
(B)
To drain the oil from the manifold.
>
(C)
To drain the moisture from the manifold.
(D)
To release the air when the engine is stopped.
STCW21FHXLMNM6 N
109. What calibrations are taken to determine piston ring wear
on a Diesel engine?
(A)
Internal diameter when positioned in unworn cylinder.
(B)
Radial thickness of ring and butt gap in unworn cylinder.
>
(C)
Ring/groove clearance and butt gap in unworn cylinder.
(D)
Radial and axial thickness of ring.
STCW26XQ9NPS9C
N
110. What is the main function of the lub oil priming pump on a
Diesel engine?
(A)
Priming lub oil filters after cleaning.
(B)
Stand-by lub oil pressure pump.
(C)
Circulate oil after overhaul.
>
(D)
Circulate oil system for starting.
STCW2F7EDNORZ4
N
111. If water is detected in the generator crankcase what is the
most likely source?
W
>
(A)
Leakage from cracked cylinder liner or perished liner sealing rings.
(B)
Leakage from the transfer passage between cylinder block and heads.
(C)
Leaking tubes in oil cooler.
(D)
Leakage from cylinder head outlet connections.
SET010000003147
N
112. Which part of a diesel engine keeps the engine speed
constant regardless of the engine
load ?
>
(A)
The governor.
(B)
The manoeuvring controller.
22

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(C)
The flywheel.
(D)
The vibration damper.
STCW2TK4LK2PWJ
N
113. What percentage of Nitrogen is present in the engine
intake air?
(A)
70.5%
(B)
65.5%
(C)
60.5%
>
(D)
75.5%
SET010000004743
N
114. With full load on the main engine, the RPM of the
turbocharger is too low. What may be the
cause ?
(A)
Exhaust temperatures on the main engine are too high.
(B)
The lubricating oil pump is malfunctioning.
(C)
Dirty nozzle ring.
>
(D)
The diffuser ring is damaged.
STCW2FTGY0GD2Z
N
115. What is the most likely causeof a low exhaust temperature
on one cylinder of a Diesel
engine?
(A)
Charge air pressure too high.
(B)
Cooling water temperature too low.
(C)
Low air pressure.
>
(D)
A defective fuel valve.
SET010000004747
N
116. The charge air pressure is low, what is the most likely
cause ?
(A)
Cooling water temperature is too high.
(B)
Leaking air inlet valves..
>
(C)
Dirty air inlet filter.
(D)
Dirty scavenge duct.
STCW2T7X60YMAE
N
117. In a 2 stroke engine what controls the admission of charge
air?
>
(A)
Upper edge of piston.
(B)
Camshaft position.
(C)
Position of lower piston skirt.
(D)
Air inlet valve operation.
STCW295F4X2ZM2
N
118. In a constant pressure type turbocharger how does the
exhaust gas enter the turbo
(A)
Via separate individual cylinder exhaust pipes.
>
(B)
Via a single, common exhaust gas manifold.
(C)
A separate manifold for adjacent exhausts.
(D)
Via two or more exhaust manifold groups.
SET010000002485
N
119. In a 4 cycle engine the exhaust valve opens when the
piston is .....
(A)
at BDC on the compression stroke
(B)
just before TDC on the exhaust stroke
>
(C)
jusbefore BDC on the power stroke.
(D)
at BDC on the suction stroke
SET010000001634
N
120. If the system pressure is 3.5 kg/cm2, what will be the
pressure in the buffer vessels ?
(A)
Lower than 3.5 kg/cm2.
>
(B)
Fluctuating around 3.5 kg/cm2
(C)
Higher than 3.5 kg/cm2.
(D)
Exactly the same, 3.5kg/cm2
23

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SET010000004733
N
121. The turbocharger (constant pressure) is making
"whoofing" noises. What might be the
cause ?
>
(A)
Heavy seas from astern.
(B)
A faulty turbocharger bearing.
(C)
One or more leaking exhaust valves.
(D)
A strong counter current.
SET010000004714
N
122. How is the exhaust gas turbocharger cooled in relation to
the engine?
(A)
In line with the cylinders.
>
(B)
In parallel with the cylinders.
(C)
In tandem with the cylinders.
(D)
In series with the cylinders.
STCW2VVVSEUD9G
N
123. What are the main constituents in Diesel engine exhaust
gas?
T
(A)
Carbon Dioxide and un-burnt Oxygen.
(B)
Carbon monoxide, Nitrogen and Sulphur Dioxide.
>
(C)
Nitrogen, Carbon Dioxide and water vapour.
(D)
Nitrogen, Carbon Monoxide and Sulphur Dioxide.
STCW2PHWETC16N
N
124. How does the cooling water flow through the engine?
V
>
(A)
Inlet the lower liner and outlet at the cylinder heads.
(B)
Inlet at the turbo charger and outlet at the cylinder heads.
(C)
Inlet at the cylinder heads and outlet at the turbo blower.
(D)
Inlet at the cylinder heads and out let at the liners.
STCW221GBWQN4P N
125. What is an indication of a leaking heat exchanger on the
jacket cooling water system?
T
(A)
High jacket water temperature.
>
(B)
High chloride readings in the jacket water.
(C)
Inadequate coolant flow.
(D)
Low alkalinity readings.
STCW27MZ80YIC5S
N
126. Why is it so important to maintain air start lines clear of
oil?
(A)
Air start distributor valve could seize
(B)
Air start valves could jam.
(C)
Joints could be damaged.
>
(D)
Increased risk of fire in compressed air
SET010000002443
N
127. The fundamental difference between a 2-stroke and a 4stroke engine is in the number of:
(A)
strokes in each combustion cycle.
>
(B)
piston strokes each one needs to complete a combustion cycle.
(C)
piston strokes each one needs to complete a revolution.
(D)
combustion events occurring in each stroke.
SET010000004715
N
128. Why is it important to slow down the main engine RPM
while water washing the
turbocharger ?
(A)
To protect the blower side.
>
(B)
To protect rotor blades from damage.
(C)
To protect the bearings.
24

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
To protect the exhaust gas economizer.
SET010000001983
N
129. Which of the following are not necessarily fitted on a HFO
settling tank?
>
(A)
A remote tank gauging system
(B)
Quick closing shut-off valves (remote operated)
(C)
A drain valve (Spring loaded)
(D)
A thermometer
.
SET010000002442
N
130. In an engine operation, what is the effect called that
describes the unstable operation of the
governor that will not maintain a steady state condition ?
(A)
Deadbeat.
(B)
Stability.
(C)
Sensitivity.
>
(D)
Hunting.
STCW21ED5ZFU8JN
N
131. During regular manned watch keeping in the engine room
how often should the daily service
tank drain be checked?
>
(A)
At beginning of the watch and if water is evident, every hour.
(B)
At the end of the watch.
(C)
Every two hours.
(D)
At beginning of the watch.
SET010000004776
N
132. If you have a fuel injector nozzle with 10 holes, how many
clogged holes are acceptable ?
(A)
2
(B)
3
>
(C)
0
(D)
1
STCW25QYLFPOSY
N
133. When taking a set of Diesel engine crankshaft deflections
why are two reading taken at
BDC position?
(A)
The second is taken to check the accuracy of the first reading.
>
(B)
The position of the con rod makes a single reading at BDC impossible.
(C)
During the rotating of the crankshaft the reading may vary.
(D)
It is not possible to read the dial gauge accurately in one position.
SET010000002426
N
134. How is the timing adjusted on this type fuel pump?
(A)
By the delivery valve setting.
>
(B)
By the fuel cam setting.
(C)
By the suction valve setting.
(D)
By the plunger rotation.
SET010000004754
N
135. If you are going to enter the engine's crankcase, how
should you secure the engine after
you have closed the main starting air valve?
>
(A)
Engage the turning gear on the engine.
(B)
Keep a man posted in the control room to watch that nobody tries to start the
engine.
(C)
Close all starting air valves and post a warning notice on the start air bottle.
(D)
Close absolutely all valves on the starting air bottle.
VIDTL5IWGB6NMWF N
136. The relief valve is fitted in the position shown to prevent
overpressure..............
(A)
should the actuating piston leak.
(B)
if astern is selected when the engine is moving ahead.
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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
if the main air start valve jams in the closed position.
>
(D)
if the cylinder head air start valve jams in the open position.
STCW25JB2UUAKX
N
137. What is the purpose of the injector leak-off connection?
(A)
For fuel leaking past the delivery valve.
>
(B)
For fuel leaking past the injector needle valve.
(C)
To relieve excess fuel pressure.
(D)
To prevent water-cooling entering the fuel space.
SET010000004709
N
138. If the main engine jacket cooling water expansion tank
level drops rapidly, what could this
indicate?
(A)
There is a leak in the jacket cooling water cooler.
(B)
There is an internal leak in the engine.
>
(C)
Any of these.
(D)
There is a leakage in external piping.
SET010000001629
N
139. If the outlet temperature "Tout" is kept constant at 65
degrees C and during normal sea
speed the inlet temperature "Tin"is 62 degree C, what would "Tin" show during engine
slow
down ?
(A)
Inlet temperature "Tin" will decrease.
>
(B)
Inlet temperature "Tin" will increase.
(C)
Inlet temperature "Tin" will fluctuate.
(D)
Inlet temperature "Tin" will be kept constant by controller.
STCW2G9P0CTJDM
N
140. What is the term for the volume taken up during piston
travel on a 4 stroke Diesel engine?
(A)
Compression volume.
>
(B)
Swept volume.
(C)
Scavenge volume.
(D)
Piston volume.
SET010000004745
N
141. The lubricating oil on the exhaust side of the turbine
blower gets dirty after only a few hours
in service. What can the reason be ?
(A)
Cooling water leak into oil space..
>
(B)
Labrynth seal leaking exhaust gas into the oil.
(C)
Damaged/worn turbine side bearing.
(D)
The wrong type of oil used.
SET010000002019
N
142. When you read a crankshaft deflection figure and the +
sign is indicated, for example +4,
this means that ....
(A)
the main bearing on one side is 4/100 mm greater than the other.
(B)
the crankpin location is 4/100 mm out of centre.
>
(C)
the crankwebs have opened up by 4/100 mm.
(D)
the crankwebs have closed in by 4/100 mm.
SET010000001697
N
143. What is the purpose of the Main Engine Dirty Oil tank ?
>
(A)
To act as collecting tank for dirty oil from the Main Engine intended for
purification
(B)
To act as a drain tank of the piston rod stuffing boxes
(C)
To act as a collecting tank for all non-reusable oils
(D)
To act as collecting tank from Main Engine scavenge drains
SET010000002425
N
144. What determines the amount of fuel pumped per stroke
with this fuel pump ?
>
(A)
The rotating angle of the plunger in the barrel.
26

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(B)
The lifting height of the plunger.
(C)
The setting of the overflow valve.
(D)
The setting of suction and overflow valve.
SET010000001057
N
145. Which part is the auxiliary fan ?
(A)
Number 9
(B)
Number 6
(C)
Number 7
>
(D)
Number 10
SET010000001633
N
146. What absorbs the impact of the up-and-down movement
of the piston telescopic pipes in
this water flow system ?
>
(A)
The air cushion in the buffer tank.
(B)
The expansion tank.
(C)
The construction of the buffer tank.
(D)
The up and downward movement of the indicating flaps.
SET010000002039
N
147. What type of engine is shown here?
(A)
A two stroke diesel with spiral scavenging.
>
(B)
A two stroke diesel with uniflow scavenging.
(C)
A two stroke diesel with piston underside scavenging.
(D)
A two stroke diesel with loop scavenging.
STCW2JX2B97JH0X
N
148. What would result from high charge air temperatures?
(A)
Jacket water temperature would rise.
>
(B)
All exhaust temperatures would rise.
(C)
Cylinder head relief valves would lift.
(D)
Charge pressure would increase.
STCW217HLYQ2ILY
N
149. What is the most likely cause of reduction in Diesel engine
compression pressure?
>
(A)
Leaking exhaust valve.
(B)
Piston scraper ring wear.
(C)
Worn valve rocker gear.
(D)
Build-up of carbon deposits.
SET010000002437
N
150. Crankshaft distortions need to be measured and are
referred to as ................. .
(A)
crankshaft misalignment calibrations.
(B)
Any of these answers.
(C)
crankshaft distortion readings.
>
(D)
crankshaft deflection measurements.
SET010000001666
N
151. If the output of this auxiliary diesel increases, say by 30 %,
how will the thermometer
readings on the outlet side of engine and turbocharger change ?
(A)
They will greatly increase (by 80 to 100 degrees C)
(B)
They will remain the same
>
(C)
They will slightly increase (by 20 to 50 degrees C)
(D)
They will slightly decrease (by 10 to 30 degrees C)
SET010000002052
N
152. What type of diesel engine is shown here ?
(A)
A two stroke suspended engine.
(B)
A four stroke flanged type engine.
>
(C)
A four stroke trunk type engine.
(D)
A two stroke trunk type engine.
SET010000004772
N
153. You have checked the oil viscosity in an auxiliary engine
with the viscosity test kit. The
result shows that the viscosity is low. What will you do ?
27

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
Start to purify the oil.
(B)
Decrease the lubrication oil temperature.
>
(C)
Clean the system and change the oil.
(D)
Increase the lubrication oil temperature.
STCW21QTDUWJLD
N
154. On a medium speed four-stroke engine what is an
indicator of engine performance?
3
(A)
Maximum engine rpm.
(B)
Exhaust temperature.
(C)
Compression pressure.
>
(D)
Peak cylinder pressure.
STCW2E4LCEMI78I
N
155. After fitting a new cylinder liner to a 2 -stroke engine
which of the following steps should be
taken?
(A)
Reduce the cylinder oil flow.
(B)
Bring up to full load as soon as possible.
>
(C)
Reduce the cylinder load.
(D)
Run the unit on no load for 24 hours.
SET010000002492
N
156. The ash content of a fuel oil is significant because it ....
(A)
indicates the quantity of energy released by burning a unit amount of the fuel.
>
(B)
is non-combustible and remains partly in the engine.
(C)
is useful for determining proper atomization temperatures.
(D)
reflects the overall thermal efficiency of the fuel oil.
SET010000001632
N
157. What kind of Jacket Cooling water system is shown here ?
>
(A)
A forced circuit
(B)
An open circuit
(C)
A free closed circuit
(D)
None of the other options
STCW24W3PMZ089
N
158. Where will the Diesel engine exhaust temperature be the
highest?
>
(A)
Before the turbo blower.
(B)
At the cylinder head.
(C)
At the turbo blower outlet.
(D)
At the exhaust port manifold.
STCW298ON8ZJHK
N
159. Why would a check on Diesel engine cylinder compression
pressure be made?
(A)
To check the efficiency of the turbo charger.
(B)
To enable the engine power to be calculated.
>
(C)
To check the mechanical condition of valves and piston rings.
(D)
To assess the engine efficiency.
SET010000001649
N
160. Which type of exhaust manifold feeds this turbocharger ?
(A)
Booster type.
(B)
Split type.
>
(C)
Constant pressure type.
(D)
Impulse type.
SET010000002058
N
161. How is the air-tightness of the sliding piston (moved by
control air pressure and spring)
ensured in starting air valves of this type ?
(A)
O-ring seals are fitted.
(B)
Labyrinth seals are fitted.
>
(C)
Piston rings are fitted.
(D)
Teflon seals are fitted.
28

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SET010000001648
N
162. When does the exhaust valve "EV" open ?
>
(A)
At the end of the working stroke.
(B)
When the piston is at bottom dead point.
(C)
When the piston moves upward.
(D)
None of the other options
SET010000001647
N
163. What type of scavenge air system is applied to this diesel
engine ?
(A)
None of the other options
(B)
Loop scavenging
>
(C)
Uniflow scavenging
(D)
Compounded scavenging
SET010000001948
N
164. In a constant pressure type turbocharger the exhaust gas
enters the turbo charger via ....
(A)
a separate manifold for each turbocharger.
>
(B)
the grids of the common exhaust gas manifold.
(C)
the grids of two or more exhaust piping groups.
(D)
nozzles on each individual exhaust pipe.
SET010000001067
N
165. Exhaust temperature increasing on all main engine
cylinders indicates....
>
(A)
Any of the these faults.
(B)
The exhaust system is fouled.
(C)
The air system is fouled.
(D)
The scavenging ports are fouled.
SET010000002057
N
166. At what moment will the cylinder head starting air valve,
shown here, open and allow 25 bar
to flow into the cylinder ?
>
(A)
When the control air on top is vented by the starting cam.
(B)
When control air is supplied to the top connection.
(C)
When 25 kg/cm2 air is supplied on top by manoeuvring.
(D)
When the main starting air is opened from the bottle.
SET010000001659
N
167. What are the components marked "M" ?
(A)
Manometers
(B)
Magnetic shut-off valves
(C)
Microprocessors
>
(D)
Flow meters
SET010000002489
N
168. What is the purpose of counterbore in a cylinder?
(A)
To prevent the piston ring from wearing a shoulder in the cylinder
(B)
To facilitate piston overhaul
(C)
To have good an effective combustion
>
(D)
To distribute the oil film evenly over the cylinder surface
STCW24S9OL39JR
N
169. In what area of the scavenge air system is heat converted
into mechanical power?
>
(A)
The exhaust gas turbine.
(B)
In the main engine.
(C)
The charge air compressor.
(D)
The scavenge air cooler.
SET010000004758
N
170. You are experiencing blow-by on the main engine but, due
to operational circumstances, it
is impossible to stop and carry out a piston overhaul. What is the correct action to take ?
(A)
No action is necessary.
(B)
Reduce speed and closely monitor exhaust temperature on the affected unit.
(C)
Increase cylinder oil consumption.
29

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(D)
Reduce speed temporarily and increase cylinder oil supply.
STCW2IH5HQJ2UQJ
N
171. If slight water contamination of lub oil is confirmed what
action should you take?
>
(A)
Run the purifier, checking the water outlet and submit a further sample for
analysis.
(B)
Run the purifier continuously.
(C)
Locate the water leak and renew the oil charge.
(D)
Submit a further sample for analysis after one months running.
STCW2IZLW9KX4D5
N
172. What do we determine from the indicator card to calculate
IHP of a Diesel engine?
>
(A)
Mean effective pressure.
(B)
Mean height of the diagram.
(C)
Compression pressure.
(D)
Firing pressure.
SET010000002045
N
173. What would you call the assembly fitted on the piston rod,
which fits into a flange on top of
the crankcase block opening through which the piston rod moves in order to secure
tightness ?
(A)
The scavenging air valve box.
(B)
The crankcase sealing assembly.
>
(C)
The piston rod stuffing box.
(D)
The piston underside valves.
SET010000001658
N
174. Where does the blending of fuels take place in this system
?
>
(A)
In unit BU
(B)
In unit H
(C)
In units DP and FP
(D)
In unit BUC
SET010000004767
N
175. You have a cylinder liner with 8 outlet holes for cylinder
lubrication, how many clogged
holes can you tolerate ?
>
(A)
0
(B)
2
(C)
1
(D)
3
STCW2F0QR3Y3S3
N
176. On a Bosch type fuel injection pump how does the rack
adjust the fuel delivery?
>
(A)
By altering the effective stroke of the plunger.
(B)
By altering the length of time the fuel pump roller contacts the cam.
(C)
By increasing the delivery pressure.
(D)
By altering the opening and closing of the delivery valve.
STCW2RDJEEI2E8W
N
177. What determines the amount of fuel delivered by a Bosch
type fuel pump?
(A)
The fuel cam profile.
(B)
The fuel pump plunger top clearance.
(C)
The stroke length of the fuel pump.
STCW2QNTO9K6J3
N
178. How is the fuel injection timing altered on a Diesel engine?
(A)
By adjusting the camshaft drive chain.
(B)
By altering the injector setting.
(C)
By altering the fuel pump lift.
>
(D)
By moving the camshaft position.
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STCW28C9FLHACV
N
179. What will happen to the level of the expansion tank if the
engine slows down or stops?
(A)
The level will at first decrease but increases again
(B)
The level will increase
(C)
Nothing will happen
>
(D)
The level will decrease
SET010000004771
N
180. You have checked the oil viscosity in an auxiliary engine
with the viscosity test kit. The
result shows that the viscosity is high. What will you do ?
(A)
Increase the cooling temperature for the oil.
>
(B)
Clean the system and change the oil.
(C)
Increase the lubrication oil pressure.
(D)
Decrease the cooling water temperature for the oil.
STCW27SCJLZS9EX
N
181. How is the timing (degrees advance) adjusted on a Bosch
type fuel pump?
(A)
By the delivery valve setting.
(B)
By the plunger rotation.
(C)
By the suction valve setting.
>
(D)
By the fuel cam setting.
SET010000004768
N
182. What do you consider to be the most important task on
completion of maintenance
work on the piston?
>
(A)
A search inside the crankcase for tools and rags.
(B)
Starting the auxiliary blower to ventilate the scavenging belt, the cylinder liners, to
ensure that the engine has sufficient fresh air to start.
(C)
Patching up destroyed paintwork on the crankcase doors.
(D)
Starting the engine to see that it rotates.
STCW2FXG8O7AG2
N
183. How does the turbo-charger improve engine efficiency?
(A)
Deliver more volume of air to the combustion space
(B)
Increasing the charge air pressure
(C)
Improving the scavenging of the combustion space
>
(D)
Utilize exhaust gas energy
SET010000001068
N
184. The turbo charger turbine wheel is rotated by........
(A)
inlet air coming from the inlet filter.
(B)
pressured air supplied by blower number 10.
(C)
any of the other options.
>
(D)
exhaust gas from the exhaust manifold.
STCW22T0197L411
N
185. An auxiliary diesel Engine cylinder head valve guide is
shown. Which are the correct guide
dimensions for the nominal sizes shown?
>
(A)
11.92 : 27.05
11.81 : 27.04
(B)
00 : 27.00
(C)
12.00 : 27.04
11.96 : 26.96
(D)
11.65 : 27.21
11.60 : 27.23
SET010000001654
N
186.
exhaust gas entering the exhaust
gas turbocharger "ET" ?
(A)
Under a vacuum.

Under normal running conditions, what pressure is the

31

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
Under atmospheric pressure.
(C)
Under high pressure.
>
(D)
Under slight overpressure.
STCW2KAGYLTFIQ
N
187. What could indicate a cracked cylinder head or liner?
(A)
Increased fuel consumption.
(B)
Increased lub oil consumption.
(C)
Presence of water in the lub oil.
>
(D)
Sudden overheating of the jacket water expansion tank.
SET010000001644
N
188. What kind of temperature control system is fitted in this
lubrication oil system ?
(A)
Controlling the outlet by regulating the outlet
(B)
Controlling the outlet by regulating the inlet
>
(C)
Controlling the inlet by regulating the inlet
(D)
Controlling the inlet by regulating the outlet
SET010000001946
N
189. Why can the temperature of the scavenge air after the
scavenge air cooler not be lowered
below a given temperature and why has the temperature to be regulated above this value
?
(A)
To avoid cracking of the cylinder liner.
(B)
To maintain the thermal efficiency of the diesel.
>
(C)
To avoid condensate and water entering the engine.
(D)
To avoid misfiring and starting problems.
SET010000002603
N
190. What is part No 4 ?
(A)
The tubeplate.
(B)
The sacrificial anode.
(C)
The cooling water space.
>
(D)
The tubestack.
STCW2ZRNRQTSQX
N
191. What item is always found on diesel engine lub oil
systems?
4
>
(A)
Low lub oil pressure shutdown.
(B)
Centrifugal oil filters.
(C)
Stand-by lub oil pump.
(D)
Reduced pressure feed to rocker gear.
STCW2BG9B6R0QM N
192. What is the purpose of the Main Engine Dirty Oil tank?
F
(A)
Collecting tank for all non-reusable oils.
>
(B)
Collecting tank for dirty oil of Main Engine intended for purification.
(C)
Drain tank for the piston rod stuffing boxes.
(D)
Collecting tank from Main Engine scavenge drains
STCW247LU9GZCY
N
193. How is the gudgeon pin removed on a trunk piston engine?
(A)
Hammer using brass dolly and supporting piston.
(B)
Heat the piston with a soft flame.
(C)
Force out with an extractor.
>
(D)
Heat the piston using water or oil.
SET010000002051
N
194. What type of turbocharger would be fitted to this engine ?
(A)
A dual entry type.
(B)
An impulse type.
(C)
A radial inlet type.
>
(D)
A constant pressure type.
SET010000001082
N
195. If the cooling water temperature exceeds its
recommended value, what can happen ?
32

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(A)
Too much lubricating oil film will form on the cylinder walls which will create black
exhaust smoke
(B)
The expansion tank will be emptied
>
(C)
A less effective lubricating oil film is formed on the cylinder walls
(D)
The blower will slow down
STCW2BV18X0M0B
N
196. How is expansion allowed for in large diesel engine
exhausts?
(A)
By the selection of materials and construction to minimize expansion.
(B)
By sliding section of piping.
>
(C)
By the fitting of steel bellows pieces.
(D)
By sliding securing mounts.
STCW2CAO0WTPIE
N
197. How can crankcase overpressure be checked?
(A)
Checking fuel pump tappet seals.
>
(B)
Checking the crankcase breather outlet.
(C)
Checking the crankshaft seals.
(D)
Inspecting the crankcase relief valves.
SET010000002557
N
198. The third stroke of four-stroke diesel engine is called the
...........
>
(A)
power stroke.
(B)
expansion stroke.
(C)
compression stroke.
(D)
air stroke.
SET010000001943
N
199. In an "impulse type" exhaust gas turbocharger, the exhaust
gases of the main engine ....
(A)
are driving only one single turbocharger.
(B)
are led to two or three sections of the exhaust gas manifold.
>
(C)
are led in pipe groups directly and separately to the turbocharger.
(D)
are entering into a spacious exhaust gas manifold.
SET010000002053
N
200. How are the inlet, exhaust valves and rocker arms
actuated on this engine?
(A)
Hydraulically lifted by cam activated servo unit.
(B)
Pneumatically lifted via cam activated air booster.
(C)
Directly lifted by the cams acting on pushrods.
>
(D)
Indirectly lifted by cam via tumbler lever.
STCW2AXEWWR8M N
201. Where is the temperature sensor fitted for the jacket
water temperature controller?
CT
(A)
Cooler outlet.
(B)
Pump outlet.
(C)
Engine inlet.
>
(D)
Engine outlet.
SET010000002516
N
202. What are the indications of excessive cylinder clearance in
a small diesel engine? I Loss
of power. II Misfiring. III White exhaust smoke.
IV Excessive consumption of lube oil.
(A)
I, II and IV
(B)
II, III and IV
(C)
I, II and III
>
(D)
I, III and IV
SET010000004732
N
203. After how many hours would you consider changing the
turbocharger bearings, even though
all appears to be normal ?
33

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
4000 hours.
(B)
30000 hours.
>
(C)
12000 hours.
(D)
25000 hours.
STCW20SDYLZGVB
N
204. What is the best way of preventing scavenge fires in a slow
speed two stroke diesel?
(A)
Burn only the specified grade of fuel.
(B)
Ensure fuel injectors are maintained.
>
(C)
Maintain correct cylinder lubrication.
(D)
Keep scavenge spaces clean.
SET010000001696
N
205. What is the purpose of the auxiliary diesel renovating
lubrication oil tank ?
(A)
To act as a collecting tank for non-reusable auxiliary diesel lube oils
>
(B)
To collect used auxiliary diesel lubrication oil and purify it for reuse
(C)
To store auxiliary diesel fresh lube oil.
(D)
To act as a purification stand-by tank for the auxiliary diesel sump tanks
SET010000001980
N
206. At sea, what should be the level in tank number 2 of this
fuel arrangement schematic
drawing ?
(A)
Variable, depending time of the day
(B)
Between 2/3 and 3/4 full
>
(C)
Full
(D)
Between 1/2 and 3/4 full
SET010000002067
N
207. Loop scavenging, cross scavenging and traverse scavenging
are called .....................
scavenging, as opposed to UNIFLOW scavenging.
(A)
INVERSE FLOW.
>
(B)
MULTIFLOW.
(C)
REVERSE FLOW.
(D)
DIVERSE FLOW.
STCW2UVUJRM75S
N
208. What could be the consequence of inadequate valve
tappet clearance?
(A)
Accelerated valve gear wear.
(B)
High exhaust temperatures.
(C)
High jacket water temperatures.
>
(D)
Exhaust valve leaking causing possible damage to seat and valve.
STCW2UNS7A3GOJ
N
209. Should water be circulated through the main engine during
port stay, and if so, why?
(A)
Yes, as the engine has to be ready to start at any time.
(B)
No, as this would result in extra water consumption.
>
(C)
Yes, to maintain the engine temperature.
(D)
No, in case of a leak developing in the system.
SET010000001075
N
210. Pipe number 8 is connected to the salt water cooling
system. Why ?
(A)
To operate the cooling system with salt water during cleaning of the fresh water
generator.
(B)
To back flush the cooling water system.
>
(C)
For use in an emergency only.
(D)
Any of the other options
SET010000001661
N
211. Which part of this system is usually heated to 65 degree C
? Study the picture.
34

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
The blending unit BU.
(B)
The unit H.
(C)
The blending unit controller BUC.
>
(D)
The HFO daily tank.
STCW2KOV75MFL1
N
212. How are bottom end bearing clearances taken on a large
Diesel engine?
W
(A)
Compare thickness to new bearing.
(B)
Measure crankpin and bearing diameters.
(C)
With feeler gauges.
>
(D)
Taking leads.
SET010000003139
N
213. Broken piston rings on diesel engines, if not visibly broken,
can be identified because
..............................
(A)
the piston skirts show marks of burned oil.
(B)
the piston crowns have developed hot spots and burning marks over the surface.
>
(C)
they are darker in colour and lack elasticity when pushed towards the
inside of their
grooves.
(D)
the ring or groove clearances have worn in excess.
SET010000004717
N
214. Your vessel is entering a tropical area and high humidity is
expected. What should you do
to avoid condensation in the main engine's air cooler ?
>
(A)
Operate the engine with slightly open drain cocks, scavenging to get rid of
water.
(B)
Decrease the air temperature so proper draining can be achieved from the air
cooler.
(C)
Reduce speed.
(D)
Increase scavenging air temperature to above dew point.
SET010000001665
N
215. How is the exhaust gas turbocharger cooled in relation to
the engine ?
(A)
In tandem with the cylinders.
>
(B)
In parallel with the cylinders.
(C)
In series with the cylinders.
(D)
In line with the cylinders.
SET010000004770
N
216. What can happen with lubrication oil cooled pistons if you
stop the lubricating oil pump
immediately after you stop the engine?
(A)
Nothing will happen.
(B)
The oil flashpoint will change.
(C)
You preserve the oil sealings in the piston.
>
(D)
Overheating of the piston and oil coke deposits in the cooling chambers.
STCW2KF7RKY5H8
N
217. What is the purpose of the starting valve fitted on the
cylinder head of a diesel engine?
(A)
To block the fuel and air supply unless in "START" position.
(B)
To allow air from the main air bottle to enter the cylinder directly.
>
(C)
To allow starting air of 25 bar into the cylinder if applicable.
(D)
To activate the main air starting valve fitted on the engine.
SET010000004735
N
218. The revolutions on the turbocharger have increased during
the night with an unmanned
engine. This could be caused by ........... .
(A)
the viscosity of the fuel being high.
35

Maquinaria Naval

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(B)
poor combustion due to malfunction of fuel valves.
(C)
the wind and current being favourable.
>
(D)
the wind and current holding the vessel back.
STCW2H0WIPUG2T
N
219. What is specific fuel consumption?
(A)
Fuel consumption for specific speeds.
(B)
Fuel consumption per hour.
>
(C)
Fuel consumption per kilowatt-hour.
(D)
Fuel consumption at specific power.
STCW2W9IAV864K6 N
220. If fuel contamination of lub oil is confirmed what action
must you take?
(A)
Purify the oil and send off another sample for analysis.
>
(B)
Rectify the source of contamination and change the oil.
(C)
Change the complete lub oil charge.
(D)
Rectify the fuel leak and purify the oil.
STCW2RNLSEG6EX
N
221. For how long is the exhaust valve open in a 4-stroke turbo
charged engine?
(A)
200 degree
(B)
150 degree
>
(C)
280 degree
(D)
320 degree
SET010000001062
N
222. Temperature in the combustion chamber will be reduced
by ....
>
(A)
a defective fuel valve.
(B)
not using the auxiliary fan.
(C)
lubrication low pressure.
(D)
a low air pressure.
SET010000004766
N
223. Why blow the engine over on starting air before a start?
(A)
To be sure that no parts are loose, or that the engine is blocked from rotation.
(B)
To be sure that all indicator cocks are closed and there is no passage into the
combustion chamber.
>
(C)
To be sure that water has not collected in the fire cylinders.
(D)
To get fresh air into cylinders ensuring a safe start of the engine.
STCW2SKOFNM4V
N
224. What could cause the turbo inlet exhaust temperature to
be higher than cylinder exhaust
M6
temperature?
(A)
Incorrect injection timing.
(B)
Poor combustion.
>
(C)
This is normal.
(D)
Engine overloaded.
SET010000001984
N
225. Which of the following alarms on UMS operation are not
necessarily provided on the Fuel
Oil Daily Tank (HFO) ?
(A)
Daily tank high Level
(B)
Daily tank low temperature
(C)
Daily tank low level
>
(D)
Daily tank high temperature
STCW27IRQBY36B
N
226. What can affect the TBN of diesel lub oil?
>
(A)
Wear of liner and rings
(B)
Fuel dilution
(C)
Wear of bearings
(D)
Wear of valves and rocker gear
SET010000001620
N
227. What is item "M" ?
36

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
The magnetic filter.
(B)
The by-pass valve.
(C)
The manometer.
>
(D)
The fuel flow meter.
SET010000001982
N
228. What is the usual temperature of a fuel oil (HFO) daily
tank?
(A)
40 to 50 degree C
(B)
50 to 60 degree C
>
(C)
60 to 75 degree C
(D)
80 to 90 degree C
SET010000002430
N
229. What is the mechanism that moves the injection needle
upwards in the injector and causes
the injector to spray fuel under pressure into the cylinder ?
(A)
The hydraulic pressure in the fuel line.
>
(B)
The mechanical force of the fuel cam.
(C)
The lifting pressure of the pump plunger.
(D)
The balance pressure obtained by the injector spring.
SET010000002062
N
230. What kind of scavenging is shown on the top left drawing ?
>
(A)
Transversal scavenging.
(B)
Single valve uniflow.
(C)
Cross scavenging.
(D)
Loop scavenging.
STCW29RD0A41NB
N
231. What is the fundamental difference between a 2-stroke
and a 4-stroke engine?
(A)
Number of exhaust strokes each combustion cycle
(B)
Number of power strokes each combustion cycle
(C)
Number of piston strokes each one needs to complete a revolution
>
(D)
Number of piston strokes required to complete a combustion cycle
STCW2LE2TJQPZW
N
232. Which part of the mechanical governor does the
servomotor actuate to alter engine speed?
(A)
The sensitivity band.
(B)
The compensating spring.
(C)
The dashpot.
>
(D)
The linkage to the fuel rack.
SET010000004756
N
233. When carrying out piston overhaul, why it is important to
clean the ring grooves properly?
(A)
All rings must be changed to make a perfect sealing.
>
(B)
To make sure gas pressure can enter freely on top of and behind the
piston ring .
(C)
To make the ring fit in the groove.
(D)
So that the piston rings can move freely in the grooves.
STCW21CP2L9K9X
N
234. What is the effect on the fuel injector atomisation if the oil
temperature is too high?
(A)
Smoke at uptake.
>
(B)
Carbon forming on the burner tips distorting flame shape.
(C)
Damage to refractory and overheating.
(D)
Insufficient excess air.
STCW2X6P8FVWRN
N
235. What represents the available energy in a fuel?
5
(A)
Flash point.
(B)
Octane rating.
>
(C)
Calorific value.
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Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
Cetane number.
STCW2FPR23WADL
N
236. What test would indicate turbo blower condition?
V
(A)
Low charge air pressure.
(B)
High charge air temperature.
(C)
Analysis of lub oil sample.
>
(D)
Turbo run down time after stopping engine.
STCW2P8L9N8FL5J
N
237. In an "IMPULSE TYPE" exhaust gas turbocharger, how do
the exhaust gases enter the
turbine?
(A)
Via a spacious, single exhaust gas manifold.
>
(B)
Via manifold groups led directly and separately to the turbine.
(C)
From both sides of the turbine.
(D)
Via manifolds into a common entry chamber.
STCW2A3D3TXMS0
N
238. The best way to ensure engine speed governor stability is
to allow a given ratio of what?
>
(A)
Speed droop.
(B)
Compensation.
(C)
Stability.
(D)
Sensitivity.
SET010000002444
N
239. The force tending to twist the material such as the force on
a shaft is called............
(A)
bending stress.
(B)
tensile stress.
>
(C)
torsional stress.
(D)
compressive stress.
SET010000002034
N
240. What is the purpose of a safety valve fitted in the cylinder
cover of a diesel engine ?
>
(A)
To release excessive gas pressure from the cylinder.
(B)
To drain off water and condensate from the cylinder.
(C)
To release gas from the cylinder by operating turning gear.
(D)
To open in port so the engine cannot be started.
STCW2RCGEWTLO
N
241. In the formula for calculating engine power, P.L.A.N., what
does P represent?
0L
>
(A)
Mean cylinder pressure.
(B)
Compression pressure.
(C)
Maximum cylinder pressure.
(D)
Pressure at mid power stroke.
SET010000004755
N
242. Inspection of the crank bearing shows the bearing shell
was black and hard with patches of
black incrustations which had worn grooves in the journal. What could be the cause?
(A)
Dirt in the lubricating oil.
(B)
Bearing shell service time exceeded.
>
(C)
Water in the lubricating oil during service.
(D)
The wrong casting of bearing shell.
SET010000001053
N
243. What is part number 5 ?
(A)
The air receiver
>
(B)
The scavenging air box
(C)
The air cooler
(D)
The air filter
38

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SET010000002439
N
244. In a trunk type piston, the gudgeon pin is subject to two
forces. What are these forces ?
>
(A)
Vertical force and horizontal force in line with crankshaft rotation .
(B)
Exhaust pressure and combustionl force.
(C)
Combustion pressure and crankshaft torque.
(D)
Linear and and rotating motion.
SET010000002558
N
245. The last stroke of two-stroke diesel engine is called the .....
(A)
compression stroke.
(B)
air stroke.
(C)
ignition stroke.
>
(D)
power stroke.
STCW2ORJLZ8H935
N
246. What formula gives engine efficiency?
>
(A)
Engine power/fuel energy.
(B)
Calorific value/B.H.P.
(C)
P.L.A.N.
(D)
Fuel energy/P.L.A.N.
STCW2GKMMQYYG
N
247. On a set of crankshaft deflection readings, what would a
reading of +4 signify?
5N
(A)
The crankpin location is 4/100 mm out of centre
>
(B)
The crank webs have opened up by 4/100 mm
(C)
The crank webs have closed in by 4/100 mm
(D)
The main bearing on one side is 4/100 mm greater than the other
SET010000001052
N
248. What is part number 3 ?
(A)
The piston glider
(B)
The combustion center
(C)
The air chamber
>
(D)
The combustion chamber
SET010000002066
N
249. What kind of scavenge air system is shown on the right
bottom drawing ?
>
(A)
Uniflow scavenging.
(B)
Balanced scavenging.
(C)
Loop scavenging.
(D)
Cross scavenging.
STCW2TXTXUFYVB
N
250. In a fuel oil service system where would the relief valves
discharge?
(A)
Slop retention tanks.
(B)
Settling tanks.
(C)
Simplex fuel oil strainer.
>
(D)
Re-circulating line or pump suction.
SET010000001703
N
251. Suppose Lubrication Oil Purifier No 2 is running M.E.L.O.
sump tank to M.E.L.O. sump
tank. Lubrication Oil Purifier No 1 is now to be set up for the other tank purification, which
set up is not possible ?
(A)
M.E. Dirty Oil tank to Lub. Oil sump tank
(B)
Aux Diesel Renovating Tank to Renovating tank
(C)
M.E. Dirty Oil Tank to Dirty Oil tank
>
(D)
M.E. Lub Oil sump tank to Dirty Oil Tank
SET010000002059
N
252. What kind of periodic activity needs to be carried out on
the main engine prior to
manoeuvering with regard to the starting air system ?
(A)
Check if the valves are moving freely with a torque spanner.
39

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
Open up the main and cylinder head starting valve and clean pistons.
>
(C)
Grease the valves by grease cup or grease gun, drain moisture.
(D)
See that the cyinderl starting valve is moving by air hose connection.
SET010000001081
N
253. If the cooling water temperature goes below it's
recommended value, what can happen ?
(A)
The engine cannot be started again
(B)
The fuel pumps may be clogged
>
(C)
Condensation of sulphuric acid on the cylinder walls
(D)
Condensation of lubricating oil on the cylinder walls
STCW2BWONUGT1
N
254. Where does maximum wear take place on the cylinder
liner of a Diesel engine?
VK
(A)
Mid position.
>
(B)
At the top where the top ring changes direction.
(C)
At the top where the scraper ring changes direction.
(D)
At the bottom of the piston stroke.
STCW2251ESW1P7
N
255. What seal is used between turbo charger turbine and
bearings?
>
(A)
Labyrinth with charge air seal.
(B)
Gaco type lip seal.
(C)
Plain shaft sleeve.
(D)
Mechanical seal.
STCW2VAK5CFR2L
N
256. What would represent an average specific fuel
consumption for a four-stroke diesel?
(A)
0.25kg/kW hour.
(B)
0.30kg/kW hour.
(C)
0.15kg/kW hour.
>
(D)
0.20kg/kW hour.
SET010000001643
N
257. What is the function of the valve PR close to the
lubrication oil pump ?
(A)
To act as a high pressure safety valve.
>
(B)
To keep the oil pressure constant.
(C)
To absorb pump vibrations.
(D)
To keep the oil temperature constant.
SET010000001059
N
258. What is the most likely cause if the main engine exhaust
temperature increases in one
cylinder only ?
(A)
The engine is overloaded.
>
(B)
Faulty fuel injector.
(C)
Cooling water restriction.
(D)
The main engine RPM is too high.
SET010000002046
N
259. During normal operation, the telescopic piping of this
diesel engine's piston are sliding up
and down into ....
>
(A)
telescopic buffer vessels.
(B)
compressed air vessels.
(C)
the crankcase cooling space.
(D)
piston cooling water piping.
SET010000001656
N
260. What is the component marked "BUC" ?
(A)
The Blend Unit Calorifier
(B)
The Base Unit Calorifier
40

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(C)
The Blend Unit Controller
(D)
The Basic Unit Controller
SET010000001652
N
261. What do you think would be a reasonable scavenge air
pressure for this engine running at
full speed ?
(A)
25 kg/cm2
(B)
0.25 kg/cm2
(C)
7.0 kg/cm2
>
(D)
1.25 kg/cm2
STCW2YUYQN2IMG
N
262. In the formula P.L.A.N. how is 'N' derived for a double
acting two stroke?
(A)
Eng rpm/240.
(B)
Eng rpm/120.
(C)
Eng rpm/60.
>
(D)
Eng rpm/30.
STCW2QF46N8EMA
N
263. What material are Diesel engine cylinder blocks and covers
normally constructed from?
>
(A)
Cast iron.
(B)
Cast steel.
(C)
Fabricated steel.
(D)
Gunmetal.
SET010000003144
N
264. The direction of flow of cooling water in an engine is
always .......... .
(A)
from top to bottom.
(B)
from left to right.
>
(C)
from bottom to top.
(D)
from right to left.
STCW2LOC3C8LVH
N
265. What is the most important step on detecting a scavenge
fire?
(A)
Increase cylinder lubrication to affected unit.
>
(B)
Reduce engine revs, shut off fuel to affected unit.
(C)
Increase coolant flow to engine.
(D)
Stop engine.
SET010000001627
N
266. Fuel of 180 cst is in use on board. Fuel of 380 cst is now
being bunkered. How will this
affect the reading of thermometer "T" ?
(A)
Temperature will decrease when 380 cst fuel is used.
>
(B)
Temperature will increase when 380 cst fuel is used.
(C)
None of the other options.
(D)
Temperature remains constant, same fuel pump viscosity.
SET010000004759
N
267. You have installed a new bearing in the main engine. What
is the necessary action to take
during the running in period ?
>
(A)
Allowance must be made for a running in period with reduced speed and
careful
temperature monitoring.
(B)
Allow for one hour running with appropriate temperature monitoring of the
bearing.
(C)
No action is required to be taken.
(D)
Stop after 30 minutes running and hand feel the bearing.
41

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SET010000002556
N
268. The narrow band of speed variation through which the
governor makes no correction and
refers to the sensitivity of the governor is known as the ..............
>
(A)
dead band.
(B)
isochronous band.
(C)
speed droop.
(D)
sensitive band.
SET010000001623
N
269. What grade of fuel does the temperature of the daily tank
suggest is in use ?
(A)
Gas oil.
(B)
Marine diesel.
>
(C)
Intermediate or heavy fuel oil (1500 - 3500 sec redwood 1).
(D)
Distillate diesel.
STCW27IYLDXS2J7
N
270. What determines a Diesel engine's mechanical efficiency?
(A)
I.H.P./B.H.P.
(B)
I.H.P. - B.H.P.
>
(C)
B.H.P./I.H.P.
(D)
B.H.P. - I.H.P.
SET010000002429
N
271. The fuel delivery pipe between fuel pump and injector, is
shown here as a red interrupted
line. For " UMS " classed vessel, how is this pipe best described ?
(A)
It is manufactured from Austenit Steel and has flame/smoke detectors fitted in the
vicinity.
>
(B)
It needs to be a shielded pipe so that in case of rupture the fuel leakage
can be
contained and the alarm sounded.
(C)
It must be provided with sensors so that the corresponding fuel pump cuts out in
case
of rupture.
(D)
It is manufactured of high tensile steel and has to have thermal insulation fitted.
SET010000002493
N
272. An engine's fuel pump supplies fuel in excess of the fuel
consumed and this excess fuel is
returned to the pump suction via the .....
(A)
non-return valve.
(B)
fuel rack.
>
(C)
pressure regulating valve.
(D)
plunger.
SET010000001641
N
273. How is the thrust bearing lubricated on this Diesel engine?
>
(A)
Direct via the main lub oil line.
(B)
Via the camshaft.
(C)
Via the crankshaft.
(D)
By its own independent supply system.
STCW2ZBRH25RN5
N
274. Which of the following records the cylinder pressure
existing at various positions throughout
the engine cycle?
>
(A)
An Indicator diagram.
(B)
A Temperature diagram.
(C)
A Timing diagram.
(D)
A Cycle diagram.
SET010000003148
N
275. Automatic shutdown of the main diesel engine always acts
on the .........
(A)
control air supply.
42

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
manoeuvring disc.
>
(C)
fuel supply.
(D)
governor.
STCW295HRK89UN
N
276. Where is the fuel injector leak-off connection fed?
>
(A)
Into the 'in use' daily service tank.
(B)
Into the fuel oil separator suction.
(C)
Into the oily bilge collection tank.
(D)
Into the fuel bunker tanks.
SET010000002601
N
277. What is pipe No 1 ?
>
(A)
The cooling water outlet
(B)
The lub oil inlet
(C)
The lub oil outlet
(D)
The cooling water inlet
SET010000001700
N
278. What do all the lubrication oil tanks that are connected the
lubrication oil purifiers have in
common ?
>
(A)
They all contain in-service oils.
(B)
They all contain waste oils.
(C)
They all contain extremely dirty oils.
(D)
They all contain the same grade of oil.
SET010000004796
N
279. You notice the sump level in an engine has increased and
no new oil has been added. What
action would you take ?
(A)
Check the level regularly.
(B)
Drain some oil from the engine.
>
(C)
Stop the engine and check for fuel or water leaks.
(D)
Reduce the load and start the purifier.
STCW25QC4CKRJ7
N
280. If jacket water alkalinity keeps dropping what could be the
cause?
>
(A)
Possible cracked liner/head or leaking head joint.
(B)
Jacket water temperature is too high.
(C)
Circulating pump not providing sufficient flow.
(D)
More chemical additive required.
SET010000004746
N
281. After water washing the turbocharger exhaust side, the
blower starts to vibrate. What has
happened ?
(A)
The foundation bolts for the blower unit are loose.
(B)
The inlet filer is partly clogged.
>
(C)
The rotor blades are damaged or the blades are not properly cleaned.
(D)
The water drain for washing system is clogged.
STCW27XW8R1DT1
N
282. What is the narrow band of speed variation through which
the Diesel engine governor makes
no correction to fuel setting?
(A)
Isochronous band.
(B)
Sensitive band.
(C)
Speed droop.
>
(D)
Dead band.
STCW2BBXR1Z3DE
N
283. What is the simplest method of checking the fuel injection
point on a 4 stroke Diesel
(A)
Direct from the fuel pump cam position.
>
(B)
Remove 'D' valve and use spill method.
(C)
Checking fuel pump plunger movement with dial gauge.
43

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
Checking fuel pump plunger movement with depth gauge.
STCW2AX6B4W09U
N
284. When in UMS mode of engine room operation, at what
intervals should the HFO daily tank
drain be checked?
(A)
Twice a day.
(B)
Every 4 hours.
>
(C)
At 0800, 1700 and in the final check round prior to closing for UMS
operation.
(D)
As required.
STCW2VVI5JNEDG3
N
285. What is the maximum allowable for Diesel engine cylinder
liner wear?
>
(A)
0.8% of liner diameter.
(B)
1.5% of liner diameter.
(C)
0.2% of liner diameter.
(D)
2% of liner diameter.
SET010000004780
N
286. Lapping a valve and valve seat together means .............. .
>
(A)
grinding the valve against the valve seat to obtain a uniform sealing
surface.
(B)
adjusting the overlapping of the inlet and exhaust valves.
(C)
machining the valve in a lathe.
(D)
repairing by welding.
SET010000001625
N
287. When in UMS mode of engine room operation, at what
intervals should the HFO daily tank
be drained via valve "D"?
(A)
Every 4 hours.
(B)
Once a day.
(C)
Twice a day.
>
(D)
At 08.00hr and 17.00hr as well in last evening round prior UMS operation.
SET010000001651
N
288. Which thermometer always indicates the highest
temperature in the turbocharger ?
(A)
TE5
(B)
TE
>
(C)
TEB
(D)
TE1
SET010000001664
N
289. What is the component marked "W" ?
(A)
A water by-pass buffer.
(B)
A manual 3-way water by-pass valve.
(C)
A water strainer.
>
(D)
A WAX by-pass temperature controller.
STCW2A4U1C50H23 N
290. What is the largest source of energy loss in a diesel
engine?
>
(A)
Heat loss through the exhaust gas.
(B)
Radiated heat loss from the engine.
(C)
Heat loss through the cooling water.
(D)
Mechanical loss in bearings and piston.
SET010000001646
N
291. What is the function of the lubrication oil sump tank ?
(A)
As supply source of the system oil.
(B)
To act as as buffer tank of the system oil in use.
>
(C)
All of these options.
(D)
To collect the system oil in use.
STCW2FKWZ6FDPU
N
292. Upon what cycle is the modern diesel engine based?
44

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


1
>
(A)
Dual combustion.
(B)
Otto cycle.
(C)
Ideal cycle.
(D)
Rankine.
SET010000003146
N
293. Experience and feedback shows that excessive oil losses in
an engine installation are most
frequently caused by ............. .
(A)
excessive oil in the cylinder being burned during combustion (defective
piston/scraper
rings).
(B)
losses in oil coolers.
(C)
malfunctioning of the valves during the cleaning of the filters of the lubricating oil
system.
>
(D)
any of the other options.
SET010000001921
N
294. During manoeuvring with the main engine, what is the
arrangement for starting air supply by
the main air compressors ?
>
(A)
One compressor on "AUTO", the other on "MANUAL"
(B)
No 1 and No 2 compressors on "AUTO".
(C)
No 1 and No 2 compressor on "MANUAL".
(D)
Both compressors started at the local start position as required.
STCW2F60G50MR9
N
295. A Main Engine revolution counter reads 69,980 at 0800; at
noon the counter reads 90,932, if
the clocks are advanced 20 mins. during the watch what was the average rpm during the
8-12 watch?
(A)
115.6 rpm
(B)
98.4 rpm
(C)
77.2 rpm
>
(D)
87.3 rpm
SET010000002458
N
296. What part shown in this diagram ?
(A)
A connecting rod.
(B)
A crosshead bearing.
(C)
A piston filter.
>
(D)
A piston and rings.
STCW25CTUJQXQC
N
297. What simple crack test can be applied to bottom end
bolts?
(A)
Tensile test.
(B)
Ultra sonic test.
>
(C)
Suspend and ring with hammer.
(D)
Dye penetrant test.
STCW2BGKN7S9W1
N
298. Under what condition is the scavenge air cooled in the
scavenge air cooler?
Z
(A)
Isothermal condition
>
(B)
Constant pressure (Isobaric condition)
(C)
Adiabatic condition
(D)
Constant volume (Isochoric condition)
STCW26G7VCO5FR
N
299. What is the normal material used for Diesel engine
cylinder liners?
(A)
Alloy steel.
(B)
Mild steel.
45

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
Cast steel
Cast iron.
>
(D)
Mild steel.
Alloy steel.
SET010000002041
N
300. What is the structural lay-out of this diesel engine?
(A)
Foundation, one-piece motor block.
(B)
Separate bedplate, one part crankcase and cylinder block.
(C)
One unit foundation and bedplate, separate cylinder block.
>
(D)
Separate bedplate, columns, cylinder block for each cylinder.
SET010000001056
N
301. Which part is the turbine wheel ?
(A)
Number 8
(B)
Number 4
(C)
Number 7
>
(D)
Number 9
STCW216YRW68PD
N
302. What determines delivery pressure on a Bosch type fuel
pump?
>
(A)
The spring setting on the fuel injector.
(B)
The fuel cam profile.
(C)
The length of stroke of the fuel pump.
(D)
The position of the fuel pump control rack.
SET010000004761
N
303. Why is it important to check the timing on the cylinder oil
lubricators ?
(A)
To avoid excess lubrication.
>
(B)
To get the oil into the cylinder when the piston is in the correct position.
(C)
To avoid high temperature in the combustion chamber.
(D)
To get the right amount of oil into the cylinder.
SET010000001979
N
304. What is item number 5 of this fuel arrangement schematic
drawing ?
>
(A)
A fuel oil purifier
(B)
A fuel oil ball filter
(C)
A fuel oil transfer pump
(D)
A fuel oil booster pump
SET010000002031
N
305. A cylinder of a large diesel engine is 900 mm in diameter
and the firing pressure is 80 bar.
What is the force exerted on the piston at this firing pressure ?
(A)
487,334 kg
(B)
635850, kg
>
(C)
508,680 kg
(D)
299,074 kg
STCW2PCL7NZAIPX
N
306. What is the original power that moves the injection needle
upwards in the injector and
causes the injector to spray fuel under pressure into the cylinder?
(A)
The lifting pressure of the pump plunger.
(B)
The hydraulic pressure in the fuel line.
>
(C)
The mechanical force of the fuel cam.
(D)
The balance pressure obtained by the injector spring.
SET010000004757
N
307. During operation of the main engine, the exhaust
temperature increases on one of the
cylinders. The turbocharger starts surging and smoke is coming from the inlet air filter.
What is the probable cause ?
(A)
High back pressure in the exhaust system.
>
(B)
Scavenge box fire.
(C)
Fuel valve seized in open position.
(D)
Turbocharger failure.
46

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SET010000002065
N
308. What kind of scavenging system is shown on the bottom
left drawing ?
(A)
Uniflow scavenging.
>
(B)
Loop scavenging.
(C)
Transverse scavenging.
(D)
Cross scavenging.
SET010000001660
N
309. What are the components marked "F" ?
(A)
Fuel heaters.
(B)
Fuel pumps.
>
(C)
Fuel filters.
(D)
Flow meters.
STCW2AF91DNDIE9
N
310. What is the purpose of the crosshead bearing?
(A)
To transmit piston power more directly to the crankshaft.
>
(B)
To prevent con rod side thrust being transmitted to the piston.
(C)
To assist in lubricating the top end bearing.
(D)
To prevent lub oil being deposited on the cylinder liner walls.
STCW27NIQBNIQAY
N
311. In the formula for calculating engine power, P.L.A.N., what
does N represent?
(A)
Number of engine cylinders
>
(B)
Number of power strokes per second
(C)
Number of the indicator spring
(D)
Engine revolutions per minute
SET010000001638
N
312. What are items "F" ?
(A)
Flow controllers.
(B)
Flow meters.
(C)
Thermostatic valves.
>
(D)
Filters.
SET010000002020
N
313. What are the two most important factors influencing the
crankshaft deflection readings?
>
(A)
Bearing wear and bedplate alignment.
(B)
Ballast tank condition and bedplate alignment.
(C)
Condition of ballast tanks and temperature of engine.
(D)
Bedplate alignment and condition of after peak.
SET010000001642
N
314. Which of the following components is NOT directly
lubricated by the lubricating inlet supply
line?
(A)
The main bearings.
(B)
The thrust bearing.
(C)
The gear train.
>
(D)
The crosshead bearing.
SET010000001636
N
315. What will happen to the level of the expansion tank if the
engine slows down or stops ?
>
(A)
The level will decrease.
(B)
The level will at first decrease but increases again.
(C)
Nothing will happen.
(D)
The level will increase.
SET010000002040
N
316. If you are taking crankshaft deflections, for which position
will you list the reading which was
last taken if the engine turns counterclockwise ? Right is PS, left is SB.
(A)
S
(B)
P
47

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
TS
>
(D)
Zero
STCW2U9DI61EO6T
N
317. What would indicate a cracked cylinder liner or head?
(A)
High exhaust temperature.
>
(B)
High jacket water temperature.
(C)
High lub oil consumption.
(D)
Low exhaust temperature.
SET010000001657
N
318. Over which components does the Blending Unit Controller
act in order to blend fuel of the
required viscosity?
(A)
The diesel oil and fuel oil inlet valves of the blender.
(B)
The steam inlet and return by-pass valves of the fuel heater.
>
(C)
All of these options.
(D)
The diesel oil and heavy fuel oil booster pumps.
STCW2BXRR1J71X
N
319. After work on the fuel system what must be carried out?
(A)
System bled through at main filters.
>
(B)
System bled through at the injectors.
(C)
Injectors changed.
(D)
Filters renewed.
SET010000002484
N
320. In a 4 cycle engine the inlet valve begins to open when the
piston is ....
(A)
after TDC on the suction stroke.
(B)
at BDC on the firing stroke.
(C)
just before BDC on the suction stroke.
>
(D)
just before TDC on the exhaust stroke.
STCW2I0JLLV0WA9
N
321. What fuel contaminant is potentially most damaging to a
Diesel engine?
(A)
Suspended solids.
(B)
Water.
>
(C)
Bacterial growth.
(D)
Sludge.
SET010000001058
N
322. What is part number 11?
(A)
The turbine outlet
>
(B)
The blower
(C)
The turbine wheel
(D)
The blower ring
SET010000001631
N
323. If the Jacket Cooling Water expansion tank level drops
rapidly whilst Full Ahead on
passage, what could cause this?
>
(A)
There is an internal leakage on the engine.
(B)
Malfunctioning thermostatic valve.
(C)
There is a leakage in the lube oil cooler.
(D)
Cracked cylinder head.
STCW2J59OVJTOV
N
324. How is temperature controlled in a jacket water heat
exchanger?
(A)
Regulating the sea water outlet valve.
>
(B)
Jacket water bypassing the heat exchanger.
(C)
Seawater bypassing the heat exchanger.
(D)
Regulating the sea water inlet valve.
STCW22BLV8O3X5
N
325. What is meant by the M.E.P. of a Diesel engine?
(A)
Compression pressure.
(B)
Maximum cylinder pressure.
48

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
Mechanical efficiency.
>
(D)
Average cylinder pressure.
STCW25QWTLNEYN
N
326. For " UMS " classed vessels, how must the HP fuel delivery
pipe be constructed?
0
(A)
It must be provided with sensors so that the corresponding fuel pump cuts out in
case
of rupture.
(B)
It is manufactured of high tensile steel and has to have thermal insulation fitted
>
(C)
It needs to be a shielded pipe and in case of rupture the fuel leakage must
be
contained and the alarm sounded.
(D)
It is manufactured from Austenitic Steel and has flame/smoke detectors fitted in
the
vicinity.
STCW2QM444IRCU
N
327. What is the most commonly used fuel injection pump on
large diesel engines?
(A)
An M.A.N. type fuel pump
(B)
A Ricardo type fuel pump
(C)
A Curtis type fuel pump
>
(D)
A Bosch type fuel pump
STCW2671BTV7HHI
N
328. What is the first indication of a broken exhaust valve
spring on a Diesel engine?
(A)
Blow back through the turbo charger.
(B)
Low exhaust temperature.
>
(C)
High exhaust temperature.
(D)
Smoking exhaust.
STCW27FF7VB5FH
N
329. What could be the purpose of checking the fuel pump spill
position on a 4stroke Diesel
engine?
(A)
To check the amount of fuel the pump will deliver.
(B)
To check the tightness of the pump delivery valve.
>
(C)
To check the start point of injection
(D)
To check the position the fuel pump ceases delivery.
STCW28TVY06RYIR
N
330. On a trunk piston engine how are the connecting rod side
thrusts absorbed?
(A)
By the crankpin bearing.
(B)
By the gudgeon pin bearing.
(C)
By the crosshead bearing.
>
(D)
By the piston and cylinder liner.
STCW2ZZB9V6EHW
N
331. If lub oil analysis results indicate fuel dilution what should
be the first action?
(A)
Renew the lub oil charge.
(B)
Take another set of samples and send off immediately.
(C)
Operate the lub oil purifier.
>
(D)
Locate and rectify source of contamination.
SET010000000612
N
332. What is component number 3 ?
>
(A)
The lubricating oil outlet.
(B)
The cooling water outlet.
(C)
The cooling water inlet.
(D)
The air vent valve.
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STCW2AJB0Q1WZN
N
333. What could cause jacket water contamination of lub oil in
a trunk piston engine?
C
(A)
Cracked cylinder head.
>
(B)
Leaking liner sealing rings.
(C)
Damaged piston rings.
(D)
Cracked piston.
STCW2PQXJD01B2
N
334. What is meant by an engine's critical speed?
(A)
Maximum allowable engine rpm.
(B)
Minimum allowable engine rpm.
(C)
Engine rpm that must be attained before the engine will fire.
>
(D)
Engine rpm at which the engine must not be operated for long periods.
SET010000002432
N
335. If you want to obtain a higher lift-off pressure in the
injector, you can ..................
>
(A)
tension the injector spring more.
(B)
tension the fuel pump spring more.
(C)
adjust the fuel oil cam to retard.
(D)
adjust the fuel pump cam to advance.
STCW21NAOUWOG
N
336. What operates on an Otto cycle?
6C
(A)
Steam power plant.
(B)
Gas turbine.
>
(C)
Petrol engine.
(D)
Two stroke diesel engine.
SET010000003142
N
337. Diesel Engine crankcase oil mist detectors are designed to
analyse ............. .
(A)
the temperature of the bearings in the crankcase.
(B)
the temperature of the oil in the crankcase.
(C)
fire risk in the crankcase.
>
(D)
the concentration of oil vapours in the crankcase.
SET010000004748
N
338. If you want to obtain a higher spray-off pressure on the
injector, what should you do ?
(A)
Adjust the fuel pump cam to advance.
(B)
Adjust the fuel pump cam to retard.
(C)
Tension the fuel pump spring more.
>
(D)
Tension the injector spring more.
STCW2JZGKQ8HKM
N
339. Why should anti- friction greases not be used on cylinder
head nuts?
Z
>
(A)
Increases the actual pressure exerted at the set torque reading.
(B)
Contaminates the engine lub oil.
(C)
Enables them to be over tightened.
(D)
Allows them to loosen in use.
STCW2SXJ6JQBM5
N
340. What type of compression takes place in a 4-stroke diesel
engine?
(A)
Polytropic
(B)
Isobaric
>
(C)
Adiabatic
(D)
Isothermal
SET010000001621
N
341. What is the function of valve "PR" in this fuel circuit ?
(A)
A fuel drain valve in case of engine shut-down.
(B)
A de-gassing/ HP gas release by very high fuel temperature.
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>
(C)
A constant pressure regulating valve.
(D)
A safety blow-off valve in case of Emergency Stop.
SET010000002054
N
342. In this diagram if left is portside and right is starboard and
during the taking of crankshaft
positions the rotation is counterclockwise, in what position is the engine crankshaft now
shown ?
(A)
Between TP and P
(B)
Between P and S
>
(C)
Between S and TS
(D)
Between TS and TP
SET010000002122
N
343. At what times during the sea voyage is the main engine in
state of readiness for
manoeuvring?
(A)
By reduced visibility.
>
(B)
All of these options.
(C)
In shallow waters.
(D)
In all emergency situations.
SET010000004773
N
344. What could cause engine oil to turn a "milky" colour?
(A)
Overheating.
(B)
Fuel contamination.
(C)
The oil is old.
>
(D)
Water contamination.
SET010000004769
N
345. A clogged or dirty lubrication oil filter can best be detected
by .......... .
(A)
visual inspection of the filter elements.
>
(B)
the pressure drop across the filter.
(C)
a decrease in oil viscosity.
(D)
high lube oil temperature.
STCW2K9HKFJ6UW
N
346. What is the purpose of the Main Thrust bearing?
A
(A)
To absorb axial engine thrust.
>
(B)
To transmit propeller thrust to the ship's hull.
(C)
To prevent propeller thrust damaging engine bearings.
(D)
To provide forward and aft location for the propeller shaft.
STCW2YXL0ZJVEUF
N
347. What is the effect that describes unstable operation of the
engine governor?
>
(A)
Hunting.
(B)
Dead band.
(C)
Insensitivity.
(D)
Oscillation.
SET010000001977
N
348. What would be the temperature of the oil in the settling
tank (item number 3) shown in this
fuel oil arrangement?
(A)
60 to 80 degree C
(B)
Above 80 degree C
(C)
30 to 45 degree C
>
(D)
45 to 60 degree C
STCW2BUL68G3YE
N
349. What should be the first action on discovering a main
engine malfunction?
>
(A)
Inform the Bridge watch keeper
(B)
Slow the engine, check pressures & temperatures
(C)
Inform the Chief Engineer
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(D)
Stop the engine and attempt to rectify the fault
SET010000001662
N
350. What is the component marked "P" ?
(A)
The piston cooling pump.
>
(B)
The fresh water pump.
(C)
The sea water pump.
(D)
The lub oil pump.
SET010000003138
N
351. A diesel engine block is made of ............... and does not
permit welding.
(A)
stainless steel.
>
(B)
cast iron.
(C)
mild steel.
(D)
tempered steel.
SET010000003149
N
352. Putting additives into diesel engine cooling water is
primarily designed to prevent ....
(A)
leakages.
(B)
freezing.
>
(C)
scaling.
(D)
overheating.
STCW2X3BJA7PJXJ
N
353. What material are Diesel engine piston rings manufactured
from?
>
(A)
Cast iron.
(B)
Alloy steel.
(C)
Carbon steel.
(D)
Cast steel.
STCW260WJJPXIVC
N
354. A ship makes an observed speed of 17 knots. The engine
speed is calculated to be 17.5
knots. What is the propeller slip?
(A)
28.5 %
(B)
.0285 %
>
(C)
2.85 %
(D)
285 %
SET010000004765
N
355. How is the opening pressure (setpoint) adjusted in a fuel
injector valve ?
(A)
By oil pressure.
>
(B)
By spring adjustment.
(C)
By length of stroke.
(D)
By camshaft regulation.
STCW291MFQKZLT
N
356. Why is the charge air cooled after leaving the charger?
>
(A)
To allow more air to enter the combustion space.
(B)
To lower the exhaust temperatures.
(C)
To prevent overheating of the turbocharger.
(D)
To remove water vapour.
STCW2UZL7ST76V
N
357. What is the purpose of the injection pump delivery valve?
(A)
To meter the delivery rate.
(B)
To adjust the injection pressure.
>
(C)
To maintain injection pressure in the HP fuel line.
(D)
To adjust the injection timing.
STCW2CBHJUWJ8N
N
358. How is expansion of the Diesel engine cylinder liner
allowed for?
A
(A)
Entablature absorbs expansion stresses.
(B)
Liner and entablature expand together.
52

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>
(C)
Liner is free to expand at its lower end.
(D)
Liner absorbs stresses caused by expansion.
STCW2C3TXOGSX8
N
359. Why is a by-pass fitted to the cooling water line of the
charge air cooler?
>
(A)
To prevent overcooling of the charge air.
(B)
To allow increased Jacket water flow to the water spaces.
(C)
To prevent the air temperature going too high.
(D)
To maintain the jacket water temperature.
EO-04-Operate Auxiliary Machinery and Control Systems
Question Code Question
SET010000002407
N
1.
The two valves shown in the centre of the drawing are
.....................
(A)
pear shaped valves.
(B)
flat top valves.
>
(C)
linear valves.
(D)
equi-percentage valves.
SET010000002522
N
2.
The heat used to change a liquid to a vapour is called
'latent heat of ..............'
(A)
transmission
>
(B)
evaporation
(C)
fusion
(D)
absorption
SET010000001968
N
3.
The Disc type oil separator can usually separate water
from oil when processing oils
between which density ranges ?
>
(A)
0.78 to 0.98.
(B)
0.845 to 0.965.
(C)
0.84 to 0.945.
(D)
0.87 to 0.95.
SET010000002015
N
4.
How is the propeller fitted onto its shaft, so as to avoid it
from slipping ?
(A)
It is locked into slots on the drive shaft.
>
(B)
It is keyed onto a tapered shaft.
(C)
Wires are fitted through the securing holes of shaft and propeller.
(D)
It is bolted on the flange of the drive shaft.
SET010000002534
N
5.
Excess refrigerant in a refrigeration system is normally
removed from the .........
(A)
comprssor crackcase.
(B)
discharge side of the evaporator.
>
(C)
charging connection of the system.
(D)
suction side of the system.
STCW2N1TLT2CDL
N
6.
What does the term volumetric efficiency refer to?
(A)
Thermal efficiency.
>
(B)
Pumping efficiency.
(C)
Mechanical efficiency.
(D)
Overall efficiency.
SET010000002163
N
7.
Which important pneumatic control accessory is shown
here ?
(A)
A transmitter.
(B)
A pressure regulator.
>
(C)
An amplifier.
53

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(D)
An nozzle / flapper assembly.
SET010000002536
N
8.
The indications of a faulty refrigeration compressor valve
are ..........
(A)
continuous running.
(B)
gradual or sudden decrease in capacity.
>
(C)
Any of these.
(D)
low head pressure-high suction pressure.
SET010000001674
N
9.
When starting a compressor, why is it necessary for the
unloader to be activated before the
drain valves are closed ?
(A)
To prevent the compressor from tripping.
>
(B)
So the pumping action can blow the drains through.
(C)
To avoid the safety valves blowing.
(D)
To avoid air blowing in the bilges.
SET010000003122
N
10.
If during your engine room watch the steam supply or
steam pressure should fall for some
reason, what should you check first ?
>
(A)
The viscosity of the heavy fuel oil to consumers.
(B)
The hotwell level.
(C)
The fuel oil and lub oil purifiers.
(D)
The boiler water level.
SET010000003110
N
11.
The factors which determine the selection of the size of
gravity disc for a purifier are
................................
(A)
the bowl speed, the oil temperature and throughput.
(B)
the oil temperature, the sludge content and the specific gravity.
(C)
the oil temperature, the water and sludge content and the specific gravity.
>
(D)
the specific gravity of the oil and the oil temperature.
SET010000001861
N
12.
What is the purpose of the capacity control on the
telemotor of a steering gear ?
(A)
To keep the outlet pressure and capacity to react constant.
>
(B)
To keep the oil delivery quantity to the telemotor ram constant.
(C)
To keep the oil delivery quantity of the pump constant.
(D)
To keep the electric capacity between parameters (absorption).
SET010000002529
N
13.
A receiver in a refrigeration system is used to ............
(A)
separate oil from the refrigerant.
(B)
condense the refrigerant.
(C)
cool the hot gases.
>
(D)
store the refrigerant.
STCW247G322XOE
N
14.
What damage could be caused to the boiler by raising
steam too quickly?
(A)
Leaking tubes where expanded into the shell.
>
(B)
Damage to furnace refractory.
(C)
Distortion of the shell due temperature differential.
(D)
Excess soot deposits on cold tube surfaces.
STCW22D46XQ5Y1
N
15.
In a provison room refrigeration system what would be the
most likely cause of high
compressor discharge pressure?
(A)
Overcooling of the evaporator return.
(B)
Ice formation on the evaporator coils.
>
(C)
Inadequate condenser cooling.
(D)
Failure of the expansion valve.
54

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SET010000002521
N
16.
When a fresh water generator condenses water vapour
into water it ....................
(A)
emits latent heat of fusion.
>
(B)
absorbs latent heat of evaporation.
(C)
absorbs latent heat of fusion.
(D)
emits latent heat of evaporation.
SET010000001106
N
17.
Where is the inlet for the unclean oil ?
(A)
Area 6.
(B)
Area 3.
(C)
Area 4.
>
(D)
Area 1.
STCW22XTZLEA950
N
18.
What would be fitted to relieve excess refrigeration
compressor pressure?
(A)
Bursting disc to condenser inlet.
>
(B)
Bursting disc to compressor suction.
(C)
Pressure relief valve to atmosphere.
(D)
Pressure relief valve to suction line.
SET010000004790
N
19.
On the air compressor crankcase there is a small valve that
lets off pressure. What should
be done if oil is present with the air?
(A)
Lower the sump oil level.
(B)
Check the clearance in the bearing.
>
(C)
Overhaul the compressor unit.
(D)
Block off the valve.
SET010000003094
N
20.
What are the most common faults resulting in failure to
raise adequate vacuum in a fresh
water generator ?
(A)
Dirty condenser, fresh water pump impeller wear rings worn, vacuum breaker
valve
worn.
(B)
Dirty evaporator, feed reducing valve blocked, by-pass valve of the fresh water to
evaporator leaking, vacuum breaker faulty.
>
(C)
Insufficient flow to eductors (pump pressure or eductor back pressure),
leaking fresh
water pump shaft seal, leak on casing or cover.
(D)
Reflector plate corroded, feedwater supply pipe blocked, blocked or dirty tubes in
evaporator or in the condenser.
SET010000004787
N
21.
Why is it important to follow a maintenance schedule for
purifiers ?
>
(A)
To prevent serious damage to main components.
(B)
To comply with company regulations.
(C)
To improve the purifier's efficiency.
(D)
The only maintenance necessary is cleaning of the bowl.
SET010000003073
N
22.
When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check on all engine room fresh
water expansion tanks?
(A)
That the temperatures are normal and the tanks are not steaming up.
(B)
That the chemical concentration of the water is correct.
>
(C)
That the levels of the tanks are normal and if any abnormal additions
during previous
watches.
(D)
That the automatic filling or float systems are in good operational order.
55

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SET010000001763
N
23.
What is the function of the high pressure cut-out fitted on
the same manometer pipe as
manometer "DM" ?
(A)
As electrical overload and alarm, auto reset.
>
(B)
As safety cut-out with additional alarm function . Manual reset required.
(C)
As operational cut-out when condenser pressurised prolonged.
(D)
As alarm device only.
SET010000003098
N
24.
The most common reason for overflow on purifiers is
..............
(A)
dirt between purifier plates.
(B)
the wrong gravity disc.
>
(C)
water seal broken.
(D)
ball bearings worn out.
STCW22B31WHTIFX N
25.
Which fuel quality is measured in seconds Redwood?
>
(A)
Flashpoint.
(B)
Viscosity.
(C)
Ash content.
(D)
Specific Gravity.
SET010000001671
N
26.
What are the units marked "C" fitted on both cylinders ?
(A)
Cooling water vessels.
(B)
Intercoolers.
(C)
Cylinder blocks.
>
(D)
Aftercoolers.
STCW2IIKJYOT3WJ
N
27.
When should you make sure that loose gear in machinery
space is properly secured?
>
(A)
At all times.
(B)
When you are warned by the bridge of bad weather.
(C)
Prior to leaving port.
(D)
After completion of every job.
STCW2ZHXP3HIK3X
N
28.
Is it possible to blow down a steaming boiler?
(A)
Only in an extreme emergency.
(B)
Yes but steam pressure should be maintained.
>
(C)
Yes but never allow the level to disappear from the gauge glass.
(D)
No, this should never be carried out.
SET010000001807
N
29.
When will the Hele-Shaw pump commence pumping
action ?
(A)
As soon as the electric motor is started.
(B)
As soon as the telemotor pump is started.
>
(C)
As soon as point "Z" moves.
(D)
As soon as the pilot system is started on the bridge.
STCW2J6GLPSDMO
N
30.
What would be a normal operating pressure of an auxiliary
boiler?
W
(A)
15 - 20bar.
>
(B)
6 - 9bar.
(C)
Below 5bar.
(D)
Above 20bar.
SET010000002530
N
31.
When used with reference to a refriferation or air
conditioning system ambient temperature
is the ..............
(A)
temperature of the space being cooled.
56

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(B)
temperature difference between the space being cooled and the outside
temperature..
(C)
temperature of the machinery space.
>
(D)
temperature of the air outside the spce being cooled.
SET010000001996
N
32.
What size of refrigeration installation is shown here?
(A)
A very small cabinet refrigerator unit.
(B)
A medium size installation (accommodation aircon).
>
(C)
A smaller size installation(provision rooms, small air conditioning units).
(D)
A large installation (reefer cargo).
SET010000003130
N
33.
Before swinging-out a boiler burner for maintenance or
cleaning, you are to ensure that
...............................
(A)
the fuel is isolated.
(B)
the boiler furnace is well ventilated or blown through.
(C)
the electrical power is switched off.
>
(D)
All of these options.
SET010000001882
N
34.
What would you do if water was found leaking at sea from
the exhaust gas boiler and it is
found to be from a leaking finned tube pipe from the steam generating unit ?
>
(A)
Plug the section/ bank.
(B)
Put the exhaust gas boiler out of commission.
(C)
Put the entire steam generating bank out of commission.
(D)
Plug the pipe.
SET010000002090
N
35.
Prior to starting the distillate pump, item No 7, it is
necessary to make sure that
............................ in order to avoid the pump running dry.
>
(A)
water is visible in the sight glass of the evaporator.
(B)
the vacuum in the evaporator is still minimum.
(C)
the evaporator is full and under presuure.
(D)
the discharge valve of the pump is shut.
SET010000003106
N
36.
As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic
desludging of 380 cSt heavy fuel oil
purifiers should be ............... hours.
(A)
2 to 4
>
(B)
1 to 2
(C)
4 to 6
(D)
6 to 8
STCW23QSFD08J3F
N
37.
How are boiler tubes secured in the end plates?
>
(A)
Expanded
(B)
Screwed collar on the outside of the plate
(C)
Screwed
(D)
Welded
STCW2TSK6PIHEDL
N
38.
What is the most important aspect of communication with
the Bridge?
(A)
Executing of orders from the bridge.
>
(B)
Executing orders from and issuing warnings to the bridge.
(C)
Operation of fire fighting and life saving equipment.
(D)
Ballasting operations, cargo hold bilge pumping.
SET010000002179
N
39.
What is the name of the bellow P, which indicates its
purpose ?
(A)
Absorbing bellow.
57

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
Lifting bellow.
(C)
Equalising bellow.
>
(D)
Feedback bellow.
SET010000003133
N
40.
After a total black-out with an automatic power supply
system, what is the correct
sequence for restarting the essential pumps once the power is restored ?
(A)
Injector CW pump, main sea water pump, jacket and piston CW pump.
>
(B)
Main sea water pump, jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, lub oil pump,
injector CW
pump.
(C)
Main lub oil pump, jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, injector CW pump, main
sea
water pump.
(D)
Jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, injector CW pump, lub oil pump, main sea
water
pump.
SET010000001881
N
41.
How is the soot which will accumulate between the finned
piping of an exhaust gas boiler
removed ?
(A)
By high pressure water jet washing at 3000 psi.
(B)
By sand blasting in the drydock.
(C)
By chemical cleaning with pump in port.
>
(D)
Soot blowing at sea, water washing in port.
SET010000002573
N
42.
What is part No. 6 called ?
(A)
The valve lid.
(B)
The spring guide.
(C)
The spring retention piece.
>
(D)
The spring cover.
SET010000002085
N
43.
What is the maximum salinity allowable (in ppm) for water
produced by this fresh water
generator when it is to be used in medium pressure water tube boilers ?
>
(A)
2ppm.
(B)
7 ppm.
(C)
20 ppm.
(D)
15 ppm.
STCW2TQTET20F3
N
44.
What maintenance is required for an 'Auto-Kleen' knife
type filter?
(A)
Remove element and hand clean.
(B)
Remove element and renew.
>
(C)
Periodically remove sludge from the filter base.
(D)
Back flush the filter.
SET010000001999
N
45.
What is part No 5 of this refrigerator compressor drawing ?
>
(A)
A valve plate.
(B)
A distance collar.
(C)
A cylinder head gasket plate.
(D)
A cylinder head spaces plate.
SET010000001912
N
46.
Why is there an air vent provided on the atmospheric
condenser ?
(A)
To blow off excess steam.
>
(B)
To avoid vacuum and keep atmospheric pressure.
(C)
To de-airate, to avoid corrosion.
(D)
To prevent the hotwell from steaming up.
58

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SET010000003069
N
47.
When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check concerning the heavy fuel
supply to machinery and boilers ?
(A)
That the settling tanks and the daily service tanks are full.
(B)
That the settling tanks and daily tanks are at least for 75 % full.
>
(C)
The daily and settling tank levels, the purifier line-up and throughput, in
order to ensure
at least sufficient fuel supply to last your watch
(D)
The temperatures of the settling tanks and daily tanks.
SET010000002081
N
48.
How is a vacuum created in the fresh water generator ?
(A)
By the differential temperature of fresh and sea water.
(B)
By the condensing effect in the condenser.
(C)
By pumping or educting out the brine.
>
(D)
By the vapour eductor driven by the ejector pump.
SET010000003085
N
49.
When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check concerning the fresh
water generator ?
(A)
The vacuum percentage and the sea water temperature.
>
(B)
All of the operating parameters and the fresh water production in the last
4 hours.
(C)
The sea water feed supply pressure, the eductor pressure, the fresh water level in
the
collector and fresh water pump back pressure.
(D)
The difference between sea water inlet and outlet on the condenser and the fresh
water
inlet and outlet on the evaporator.
SET010000002523
N
50.
A refrigerant gives up heat when it ............
>
(A)
condenses.
(B)
boils.
(C)
evaporates.
(D)
vapourises.
SET010000002541
N
51.
Frost appearing at the high pressure side of a thermostatic
expansion valve in a refrigeration
system is probably caused by ..............
(A)
the head pressure being high.
(B)
the condenser being too cold.
(C)
the refrigerator box being too cold.
>
(D)
a dirty or iced-up expansion valve.
SET010000001675
N
52.
Why is it necessary to start a compressor with the drains
open ?
>
(A)
To blow clear any moisture from the compressor discharge.
(B)
To hear that it is delivering pressure and the unloader is working.
(C)
To get rid of all the dirt inside.
(D)
To avoid overloading the electric motor.
STCW20541ETYQK
N
53.
What happens if the rudder is moved in a heavy sea?
>
(A)
The main pressure relief valves lift.
(B)
The telemotor pump prevents movement by increasing the hydraulic pressure.
(C)
The over pressure is absorbed by system accumulators.
(D)
The hydraulic motor absorbs the shock.
SET010000003131
N
54.
Before raising steam in a boiler, you should ensure that
............
(A)
the feedwater check valves are open.
59

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(B)
the boiler water circulation valves are open.
>
(C)
the air vent cock is open.
(D)
the steam main stop valve is open.
SET010000004785
N
55.
How do you test the probes for the 15 ppm monitor ?
(A)
By immersing in oil.
(B)
They have to be changed, onboard testing is not possible.
>
(C)
By checking in air and immersing in water.
(D)
It is only necessary to clean them.
SET010000001816
N
56.
This electric circuit is part of the Steering Gear Control
System, in which the output is either
1 or 0 as either solenoid 1or 2 is energized. It is an example of what kind of circuit ?
(A)
Two Potentiometers with amplifier relays.
(B)
Two double resistor circuits balanced by the solenoids.
(C)
A booster aggregate.
>
(D)
A Wheatstone Bridge.
SET010000001902
N
57.
What is item "D" in this drawing of a steam lay-out ?
>
(A)
A safety relief valve for the low pressure manifold.
(B)
A blow-off valve.
(C)
A stem pressure reducing valve.
(D)
A steam balancing valve.
STCW2D2TXK0WVK
N
58.
What condition would necessitate blowing down the
boiler?
(A)
Steam pressure too high.
(B)
Water level too high.
>
(C)
Chloride readings too high.
(D)
PH reading below 7ppm.
SET010000001985
N
59.
Why is a heavy flywheel (item number 7) required on this
starting air compressor ?
>
(A)
To absorb the large torsional forces (2 cylinder).
(B)
To accelerate evenly when starting.
(C)
To avoid stalling when drain and unloaders close.
(D)
To absorb the vibrations due to high speed (900 - 720 RPM).
SET010000002533
N
60.
The cooling effect in a refrigeration system is produced by
............
(A)
increasing the pressure of the refrigerant.
(B)
pressure changes to the refrigerant.
>
(C)
lowering the pressure of the refrigerant.
(D)
boiling the refrigerant.
SET010000001756
N
61.
Freon is being phased out gradually as a refrigerant. Why
?
(A)
Because under certain conditions it is toxic.
(B)
Because it is too expensive.
>
(C)
Because it has a damaging effect on the Earth's ozone layer.
(D)
Because it is being replaced by more efficient refrigerants.
SET010000003104
N
62.
The time interval for automatic sludge discharge from
purifiers must be chosen correctly. In
general the more frequent the interval the better. Howeve too short intervals are
inefficient
and too long intervals...........
(A)
may result in overflowing of the purifier due to clogging with dirt.
>
(B)
will result in difficult desludging due to adhesion of sludge.
(C)
may result in water seal depletion.
60

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
will also give bad efficiency.
SET010000001811
N
63.
What is to be checked during a drydocking period to
ensure that any upward movement of
the rudder will be contained and damage to the steering gear will be avoided ?
(A)
The pintle bearing clearances.
(B)
The pallister bearing clearance.
(C)
The rudder stock carrier bearing clearance.
>
(D)
The upper and lower pintle jumping bar clearances.
SET010000003107
N
64.
As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic
desludging of 180 cSt heavy fuel oil
purifiers should be .............. hours.
(A)
4 to 6
>
(B)
2 to 3
(C)
6 to 8
(D)
1 to 2
STCW2JMU52ZDV3
N
65.
What could be the effect of excess steam or reduced oil
flow in an oil heater?
(A)
Deformation of tubes.
(B)
Corrosion of tubeplates.
>
(C)
Carbon formation on tubes.
(D)
Eroding of tube ends.
SET010000002477
N
66.
A hydrazine test is conducted on boiler water to check for
...........
>
(A)
excess oxygen.
(B)
sulphates.
(C)
nitrates.
(D)
phosphates.
SET010000001870
N
67.
Item "H' of the drawing indicates ............................ of this
turbine installation ?
(A)
the steam reducer.
(B)
the steam filter.
>
(C)
the manoevring stand.
(D)
the distributor.
SET010000004791
N
68.
A leak from the gland of a centrifugal pump is found to be
excessive. The correct procedure
is to ...............
>
(A)
re-pack the stuffing box loosely with the correct size packing at the earliest
(B)
regularly pump out the bilge well to which it is draining.
(C)
fit over size packing to the stuffing box.
(D)
tighten the gland as much as possible until the leakage stops.
SET010000002077
N
69.
What liquid is present in collecting point 11 at the bottom
of the fresh water generator
evaporator shell?
(A)
Fresh water.
>
(B)
Brine.
(C)
Sea water.
(D)
Ejector water.
SET010000001770
N
70.
What is the most important item of maintenance required
to ensure maximum efficiency of
the accomodation air conditioning plant?
(A)
Ensure always that there is sufficient Freon in the receiver.
(B)
Ensure the evaporator unit remains ice free.
61

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>
(C)
Clean the central air conditioning fan unit intake suction filters.
(D)
Clean the sea water side of the condenser every 2 months.
SET010000000577
N
71.
What is component number 3 called?
(A)
A spring adjuster.
>
(B)
A spring plate.
(C)
A spring tensioning washer.
(D)
A valve cover.
STCW24N06X4CPX
N
72.
What is the desired salinity of the fresh water produced as
drinking water onboard?
>
(A)
Below 10ppm.
(B)
Below 50ppm.
(C)
Below 20ppm.
(D)
Below 5ppm.
STCW2CVA2X8DR2
N
73.
What precaution must be observed when fitting new
anodes to heat exchanger sea water
spaces?
(A)
Ensure the anode is as close as possible to the tube plate.
>
(B)
Ensure good, clean contact is made between anode and Cooler body.
(C)
Ensure no damage is caused to the exterior surface of the anode.
(D)
PTFE tape applied to the plug threads to enable easy removal.
SET010000001989
N
74.
What type of condenser is fitted to this refrigeration unit ?
(A)
A fresh water cooled type condenser.
(B)
An air duct cooled type.
(C)
A sea water cooled type condenser.
>
(D)
A fin coil air fan cooled type.
STCW2CI3T3PQ612
N
75.
What is the correct S. G. for brine used as a secondary
refrigerant?
(A)
1.1
(B)
1.5
(C)
1.05
>
(D)
1.25
SET010000003095
N
76.
What do you think is the most common cause of poor
performance of fresh water
generators ?
(A)
Underperformance of ejector and/or fresh water pump(s).
(B)
Internal corrosion of structural components of housing.
(C)
Worn brine or vacuum nozzles.
>
(D)
Scaled/dirty heat exchangers, in particular the evaporator.
SET010000001895
N
77.
Which of the following conditions is a lock-out condition
which will consequently illuminate
the lock-out indicating lamp fitted to the control panel of the boiler burner light up ?
(A)
Low fuel oil pressure.
(B)
Burner not correctly secured in position.
(C)
Low water level.
>
(D)
Any of these faults.
STCW2WOFA694KK
N
78.
What type of valves are normally found in air
compressors?
(A)
Slide valves.
(B)
Piston controlled ports.
(C)
Poppet valves.
>
(D)
Plate or disc valves.
SET010000001110
N
79.
What is part number 5 called ?
62

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
The disk holder.
>
(B)
The disc stack.
(C)
The distributor vanes.
(D)
The paring disc.
SET010000001085
N
80.
Which part is the heater ?
>
(A)
Number 2.
(B)
Number 4.
(C)
Number 1.
(D)
Number 3.

SET010000001988
N
81.
Which parts of a refrigeration plant are shown here ?
>
(A)
Compressor, oil separator, condenser.
(B)
Compressor, collector, condenser.
(C)
Compressor, dryer, evaporator.
(D)
Compressor, oil separator, evaporator.
STCW2HZ94YDQV2
N
82.
What is the function of the relief valves fitted between
main hydraulic cylinders?
(A)
To act as automatic by-pass valves when the steering gear is stopped.
>
(B)
To act as safety valves to absorb shock and avoid damage.
(C)
To return any excess oil back to the suction of the pump.
(D)
To be opened to allow emergency steering.
SET010000001970
N
83.
If insufficient water sealing is present (blue colour) in the
bowl of this separator, what will be
the effect ?
(A)
The high temperature alarm will activate.
(B)
Water will discharge with the clean oil.
>
(C)
The purifier will overflow oil on the water side.
(D)
Insufficient oil will be pumped through the purifier.
SET010000003071
N
84.
When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check concerning the
operational lubricating oil purifier ?
>
(A)
Check whether throughput is on maximum, check the water seal, check
the
overflow/water flow off pipe, check inlet temperature and back pressure.
(B)
Check the setting of the timers, check the inlet temperature, the back pressure,
the
bearing temperatures.
(C)
Check the Ferodo coupling, the bearing temperatures, the inlet temperature and
the
back pressure.
(D)
Check whether throughput is minimum, check the overflow pipe, check whether
the
alarm is activated.
SET010000001955
N
85.
If the auxiliary condenser is not in use for any operation at
sea, which pump should be used
to cool the atmospheric and dumping condensers?
(A)
The Reefer Condenser pump "PP".
>
(B)
By the Main Seawater Pump "MS".
(C)
The Fire Pump "FP".
(D)
The General Service Pump "GSP".
STCW26M6KJFXVV
N
86.
How is temperature controlled in a steam oil heater?
63

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(A)
Steam supply pressure reduced.
>
(B)
Steam outlet valve throttled.
(C)
Steam inlet valve throttled.
(D)
Oil flow increased.
SET010000001963
N
87.
Which force is acting to separate water from oil in this
separator ?
>
(A)
Gravitational force.
(B)
Chemical potential.
(C)
Kinetic energy.
(D)
Centrifugal force.
SET010000002061
N
88.
Steam produced by a boiler whose temperature is above
that corresponding to its pressure
is referred to as..............?
(A)
bled steam.
(B)
dry steam.
>
(C)
superheated steam.
(D)
regenerated steam.
SET010000002553
N
89.
When ordering an expansion valve for a refrigeration
system which of the following
information is necessary ?
(A)
Pressure and temperature.
(B)
Size and tonnage.
>
(C)
Size, tonnage, temperature and pressure.
(D)
Size and pressure.
SET010000001918
N
90.
When skimming-off, which valve will you fully open first
and close last, whilst operating the
other valve throttled ?
>
(A)
The inner valve open first full and close last after operation.
(B)
The outer valve open first and the inner valve close last.
(C)
The outer valve open first and close last after operation.
(D)
The inner valve open first, the outer valve close last.
SET010000001679
N
91.
What would be the pressure in the air bottle which
activates the "PC" and "S" connecting
the unloader line with c and a ?
>
(A)
Between 6.5 and 8.5 bar.
(B)
Between 8.5 and 10.0 bar.
(C)
Between 8.5 and 9.35 bar.
(D)
Between 0 and 8.5 bar.
SET010000002491
N
92.
What do you call the valve that prevents steam pressure
from exceeding the allowable
working pressure?
(A)
The steam pressure reducing valve.
>
(B)
The safety valve.
(C)
The steam regulator valve.
(D)
The main steam stop valve.
SET010000002578
N
93.
What is component "A" called ?
(A)
The evaporator.
(B)
The pump.
(C)
The condensor.
>
(D)
The compressor.
SET010000001815
N
94.
What should you observe when inspecting the steering
gear during your watch ?
64

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(A)
No abnormal noise or vibrations, pump power consumption normal.
(B)
The oil level in the oil tank, see that there is no oil leakage.
>
(C)
All of these options.
(D)
The greasing of trunion and Pallister bearing is adequate.
STCW2QHDEG0M43 N
95.
When testing boiler water for chlorides, what does the test
indicate?
A
(A)
Alkalinity level.
(B)
Phosphate present in the water.
>
(C)
Solids in the water from sea water contamination.
(D)
Total dissolved solids present in the water.
SET010000001751
N
96.
What is the required temperature in the ship's fish room ?
(A)
From -20 to - 25 degree C.
(B)
From -5 to -10 degree C.
(C)
From 0 to - 5 degree C.
>
(D)
From -15 to - 20 degree C.
SET010000001682
N
97.
In this oil-free compressor, of what material are the piston
rings of the pumping piston "P"
made ?
(A)
Plain cast iron.
>
(B)
Chrome plated.
(C)
Slotted chromium.
(D)
Carbon.
SET010000002538
N
98.
When adjusting compressor V-belts ................
(A)
make the belt just tight enough to turn the pulley.
(B)
always replace the belt first.
(C)
make them as tight as possible.
>
(D)
allow 12mm slack.
SET010000002540
N
99.
In a refrigeration system, a precooler is sometimes
installed between the ..............
>
(A)
condenser and the expansion valve.
(B)
expansion valve and the evaporator.
(C)
compressor and the condenser.
(D)
evaporator and the compressor.
SET010000003153
N
100. The reason why two-stage starting air compressors are
used in preference to single stage
compression is that .....
(A)
the starting current of a single stage compressor would be too high.
(B)
the power absorption by single stage compression would be too high.
(C)
the friction in a single stage compressor would be too high.
>
(D)
the temperature developed by single stage compression would be too
high.
SET010000003060
N
101. When taking over the engine room watch you should
ensure that the stern tube shaft is
...........
(A)
exactly "hand warm ".
>
(B)
not vibrating and not running hot.
(C)
not running hot.
(D)
not twisted.
SET010000001814
N
102. During normal operations, the command rod "C" pushes
point "Z" and the control rod off
centre so that the "HS" pumps start pumping and the steering gear moves. When will it
65

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stop moving ?
(A)
When the command rod "C" moves in opposite direction.
>
(B)
When the trunion point "Y" pushes point "Z" back to its original position.
(C)
When the rudder angle indicator corresponds to the command.
(D)
When the command rod "C" stops moving.
STCW2U41O3QJ45Z N
103. Why should refrigerator compressor oil be stored in small
capacity drums?
(A)
Only small quantities are required.
(B)
Ease of stowage.
>
(C)
Refrigerator oil is hygroscopic and should not be stored in part full drums.
(D)
Ease of handling.
SET010000001768
N
104. You are notified that it is getting hot in the
accommodation and the air conditioning is not
working. What do you check immediately ?
(A)
If the accomodation vent fans are running.
>
(B)
If the aircon compressor is still running.
(C)
If suction and discharge pressures on the compressor are normal.
(D)
If there is sufficient refrigerant in the system.
STCW24V4QZ0WJ5
N
105. What is meant by 'Isothermal' expansion?
(A)
Expansion at constant pressure.
(B)
Expansion during which heat is lost.
(C)
Expansion during which heat must be added.
>
(D)
Expansion at constant temperature.
STCW27K9H6FIKQL
N
106. What is the function of a Viscotherm in the fuel system?
(A)
Controlling fuel pressure and temperature.
>
(B)
To control viscosity by altering temperature.
(C)
To control the fuel temperature.
(D)
To regulate the fuel pressure.
SET010000001676
N
107. On what part of the compressor does the unloader act and
in what way ?
(A)
It keeps the suctions valves closed.
>
(B)
It keeps the suction valves open.
(C)
It keeps the delivery valves open.
(D)
It keeps the delivery valves closed.
STCW2VW4LXWTLX
N
108. Which is the correct sequence after starting the
compressor.
A
(A)
Drain valve closes before compressor starts delivering.
(B)
Drain closing and compressor starts delivering together.
(C)
Drain valve only operates on shutdown.
>
(D)
Compressor on load followed by drain valve closing.
SET010000003126
N
109. Boiler water chemical additives should be supplied to the
boiler via .............
>
(A)
the chemical dosing line.
(B)
the hotwell through the chemical dosing pump.
(C)
the boiler circulating water inlet through the chemical dosing pump.
(D)
the hotwell.
SET010000003070
N
110. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check on the heavy fuel oil daily
and settling tanks in addition to the supply capacity ?
>
(A)
The tank temperatures, drain the collected water off and verify if the
quantity of water is
66

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normal.
(B)
Verify the temperatures, check the tank vent screens, unclog the distance reading
system.
(C)
Air supply to the quick closing valves, the tank vent screens, the remote or
distance
gauging system.
(D)
Compare the remote gauging system with tape sounding readings, drain the
moisture
off.
SET010000002022
N
111. If refrigerant gauges are calibrated in Absolute
Corresponding Temperature, can these
gauges be used for any refrigerant in any refrigerating system ?
>
(A)
Can be used for Freon 12 or Freon 22 only.
(B)
Can be used for any refrigerant except AMMONIA.
(C)
Are calibrated for only one refrigerant.
(D)
Can be used for any refrigerant.
STCW23VIFAELAOJ
N
112. What purpose is the fuel oil settling tank?
(A)
To settle out all impurities.
>
(B)
To settle out water.
(C)
To settle out suspended solids.
(D)
To settle out sludge.
SET010000001930
N
113. What are items "CP" fitted in the Working Air and
Instrument Air supply lines ?
(A)
Pressure capacity vessels.
>
(B)
Condensate pots.
(C)
Pressure relief units.
(D)
Constant pressure vessels.
SET010000003123
N
114. If during your engine room watch, without any previous
warning or alarm, the oil fired boiler
trips due to "flame failure", what should you check first ?
(A)
The fuel oil pressure.
>
(B)
The cleanliness of the photocell.
(C)
The boiler water level.
(D)
The fuel oil temperature.
SET010000003152
N
115. All the ferrous components of a ship will sustain strong
corrosive action in the presence of
...........
(A)
steam.
>
(B)
acid waters.
(C)
alkaline waters.
(D)
turbulent water.
SET010000002079
N
116. What is the purpose of the sea water pump item No. 13 ?
(A)
To cool the evaporator.
>
(B)
To drive the air ejector of the evaporator.
(C)
To supply water to be evaporated.
(D)
To supply sea water to the condenser.
SET010000002500
N
117. Testing boiling water for chloride content will indicate the
amount of ............
>
(A)
solids in the water as a result of sea water contamination.
(B)
dissolved solids in total present in the water.
(C)
alkalinity level.
(D)
phosphate present in the water.
67

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SET010000001693
N
118. When using marine diesel oil with a density of about 0.87,
what would be the inlet
temperature of the fuel to the purifier ?
>
(A)
60 degree C.
(B)
85 degree C.
(C)
30 degree C.
(D)
40 degree C.
SET010000001892
N
119. The flame failure lamp on the control panel of this boiler
burner will illuminate when
...................
(A)
the pilot burner fails to fire the main burner.
(B)
the flame is being smothered by water in the fuel.
(C)
the flame is dark due to incorrect fuel/air ratio.
>
(D)
Any of these faults.
SET010000001991
N
120. How is the capacity of this type of refrigeration installation
controlled ?
(A)
By the solenoid valve.
>
(B)
No capacity control is fitted.
(C)
By the compressor unloader.
(D)
By the expansion valve.
SET010000001938
N
121. How is the valve shown here made air tight in the cylinder
head of the compressor ?
(A)
No joint, both faces lapped to each other.
>
(B)
A copper gasket is fitted.
(C)
An O-ring of perbunan is fitted between valve and seat.
(D)
A general purpose joint is fitted.
SET010000004797
N
122. The plate heat exchanger is separated for cleaning, what
should you do if the plates are
thick with scale or other organic material ?
(A)
Use a wire-brush or metal scraper to clean the plates.
>
(B)
Put the plates in water with cleaning chemicals. Use soft a brush or high
pressure
cleaner with care.
(C)
Use a high pressure cleaner with abrasives.
(D)
Change the plates.
SET010000001992
N
123. How are the components of this type of refrigeration
system joined together ?
>
(A)
By soldered piping connections.
(B)
By flanged piping connections.
(C)
By flared piping connections.
(D)
By screwed piping connections.
SET010000003102
N
124. If some part of a purifier bowl assembly is defective, what
action should be taken ?
(A)
Order the specific bowl spare part.
(B)
Send it to a qualified workshop for repair.
(C)
Have it repaired on board if it can be done.
>
(D)
Contact the makers for guidance and act on their advice only.
STCW2VBCAKSI2PJ
N
125. What controls the boiler feed water delivery?
(A)
Steam demand.
>
(B)
Water level controll of feed pump delivery.
(C)
Feed water tank level.
68

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(D)
Water level control of feed water inlet valve.
SET010000002638
N
126. What is Part No. 7 called ?
(A)
The disc.
(B)
The rubber membrane.
>
(C)
The diaphragm.
(D)
The plate.
STCW2JCI57WR1T2
N
127. What is the function of the expansion valve in the
refrigeration circuit?
(A)
To increase the pressure of the liquid refrigerant.
>
(B)
To regulate flow and reduce the pressure of refrigerant to the evaporator.
(C)
To allow the expansion of the high-pressure gas before the condenser.
(D)
To reduce the pressure of the liquid refrigerant.
SET010000003105
N
128. As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic
desludging of diesel oil purifiers
should be ................ hours.
(A)
6 to 8
(B)
2 to 3
(C)
1 to 2
>
(D)
4 to 5
SET010000002548
N
129. In the refrigeration system, the low pressure side would be
from ..............
(A)
the outlet of the condenser to the outlet of the expansion valve.
(B)
the discharge of the compressor to the inlet of the expansion valve.
>
(C)
the outlet of the expansion valve to the suction of the compressor.
(D)
the outlet of the condenser to the inlet of the expansion valve.
VIDTLX82IJKR6AD
N
130. Swirlyflo tubes would be used in which application?
(A)
Waste heat economiser tubes.
(B)
Refrigerant condenser tubes.
(C)
Heat exchanger tubes.
>
(D)
Auxiliary boiler smoke tubes.
STCW2HXFUKCDLM
N
131. On what part of the air compressor does the unloader act
and in what way?
J
>
(A)
It keeps the SUCTION VALVES open.
(B)
It keeps the DELIVERY VALVES open.
(C)
It keeps the SUCTION VALVES closed.
(D)
It keeps the DELIVERY VALVES closed.
SET010000002170
N
132. What will be the existing pneumatic pressure in connecting
pipe item No 6 from flapper
nozzle assembly to the pneumatic amplifier ?
(A)
20 psi.
>
(B)
Between 2 and 2.75 psi.
(C)
Between 0 and 20 psi.
(D)
Between 3 and 15 psi.
SET010000002550
N
133. What is the other name of the brine-circulating system of
refrigeration?
(A)
Direct system.
(B)
Expansion system.
>
(C)
Indirect system.
(D)
Closed system.
69

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SET010000002002
N
134. If the suction and delivery valves are closed for test and
the compressor is losing gas
pressure rapidly (indicating a leak), which part would you suspect first?
(A)
The flanged pipe gauge connections.
(B)
The crankcase door gasket (fitted on block No 1).
(C)
The valve plate gaskets.
>
(D)
The shaft seal (item No 7).
SET010000001925
N
135. What kind of filling valves are fitted on all the air bottles ?
(A)
High pressure remote-control valves.
>
(B)
High pressure S.D. check valves.
(C)
High pressure gate valves.
(D)
High pressure scew lift valves.
SET010000003101
N
136. Caution must be taken when handling purifiers since errors
can cause great danger. Handle
with due caution is required in operation, dismantling, assembling, inspection,
maintenance.
This is because .............
>
(A)
purifier bowls revolve at very high speed generating great centrifugal
forces, careless
handling causes danger of disintegration.
(B)
oils and fuels cause fire and explosion when handled carelessly. This danger is
increase because the fuels and oils fed to purifiers is heated.
(C)
danger of electrocution from the electric power supply to driving motor, various
control
solenoids and other required operational controls is great.
(D)
static electricity may be generated if parts are wrongly assembled causing
explosion
within the purifier.
SET010000002008
N
137. Is capacity control feasable on this compressor ? If yes,
how would it be arranged ?
(A)
Yes, by throttling the suction valve.
(B)
No, capacity control system cannot be fitted.
(C)
Yes, by setting the expansion valve.
>
(D)
Yes, capacity control valve acts on the unloader by suction pressure.
SET010000001694
N
138. What is the ideal temperature to maintain the diesel oil
daily tank and how is this achieved
(A)
65 degree C, by circulating the fuel with the purifier tank.
(B)
65 degree C, by application of steam heating.
>
(C)
45 degree C, by circulating the fuel with the purifier tank.
(D)
45 degree C, by application of steam heating.
SET010000003099
N
139. When the density of purified oil has increased, you should
........
(A)
decrease the temperature and decrease the gravity disc inside diameter.
>
(B)
increase the temperature and decrease the gravity disc inside diameter.
(C)
increase the temperature and increase the gravity disc inside diameter.
(D)
Decrease the temperature and increase the gravity disc inside diameter.
SET010000002473
N
140. Which of the following is a unit of work?
>
(A)
Kilogram meters.
(B)
Foot-pounds per minute.
(C)
Pounds per minute.
(D)
Kilograms per minute.
SET010000001691
N
141. How is pump "P" driven from the purifier ?
70

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(A)
By V-belt.
(B)
By electric motor.
>
(C)
By shaft drive with replaceable sheer pins from the purifier crankcase.
(D)
By direct gear drive from the purifier crankcase.
SET010000001919
N
142. How do you carry out skimming operations on the boiler
water ?
>
(A)
Four to five repeated blows of about 5 seconds each.
(B)
When the boiler steam pressure has been reduced to atmospheric pressure.
(C)
Blow the water down until steam gushes out.
(D)
Slowly with feedwater pumps stopped.
SET010000002472
N
143. Kinetic energy of a body is due to its .............
(A)
position.
>
(B)
motion.
(C)
temperature.
(D)
horsepower.
SET010000003093
N
144. During your watch you notice that the salinity of the fresh
water produced by the fresh water
generator has gone up together with the output. You notice too that sea water
temperature
has dropped. What should you do ?
(A)
Throttle the sea water flow to the condenser.
>
(B)
Increase the opening on the vacuum breaking valve.
(C)
Throttle the fresh water flow to the evaporator.
(D)
Increase the flow to the eductors.
STCW2O59GAT128
N
145. What is the most dangerous effect of scale build up in the
boiler water space?
(A)
Damage to feed water valves.
>
(B)
Overheating and deformation of furnace.
(C)
Flame impingement on the furnace walls.
(D)
Loss of boiler efficiency.
SET010000001966
N
146. The Sharples separator, shown left and the Disc type
separator, shown right, both run at
high RPM. But which runs at the highest speed ?
(A)
The DISC type runs at a higher RPM.
(B)
Both run at the same RPM.
(C)
It depends for which kind of oil gravity either is used.
>
(D)
The Sharples runs at a higher RPM.
SET010000002172
N
147. What is the output pressure of this pneumatic amplifier ?
(A)
7 to 15 psi.
>
(B)
3 to 15 psi.
(C)
3 to 20 psi.
(D)
15 to 25 psi.
SET010000002205
N
148. The working pressures used by pneumatic control
components are between 3 and 15 psi.
What are the equivalent currents used by electric control equipment ?
(A)
Between 0 and 5 or 3 and 9 mA.
(B)
Between 20 and 60 mA or 25 and 75 mA.
(C)
Between 10 and 50 mA or 15 and 50 MA.
>
(D)
Between 0 and 20 mA or 4 and 20 mA.
STCW2P1L0AL8TX5
N
149. Why is the presence of oil particularly dangerous in
starting air lines?
71

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(A)
It could affect the operation of the relief valves.
(B)
It may carbon up and choke the lines.
(C)
It may cause sticking of the air start valves.
>
(D)
The high oxygen content makes it very explosive.
SET010000002014
N
150. What is the shaft called to which the propeller is fastened
?
(A)
The main engine shaft.
>
(B)
The tail shaft.
(C)
The stern shaft.
(D)
The intermediate shaft.
STCW2VS4GCVVFO
N
151. If fuel is dripping from the water outlet of the purifier what
could be the cause?
0
(A)
Delivery pump not functioning correctly.
(B)
Discharge pump not functioning correctly.
(C)
Purifier needs cleaning.
>
(D)
Gravity ring is of the wrong size for the fuel being purified.
SET010000002527
N
152. The greatest decrease in the temperature of a refrigerant
is at the ...............
>
(A)
expansion valve.
(B)
condenser.
(C)
evaporator.
(D)
receiver.
SET010000001670
N
153. Suppose the delivery air pressure of this compressor is
30.0 bar. What class of
compressor could this be ?
(A)
A working air compressor.
(B)
A service air compressor.
>
(C)
A starting air compressor.
(D)
An instrument air compressor.
SET010000003116
N
154. When water is found mixed in the light liquid (oil) outlet of
an oil purifier, the most likely
reason is ..............
(A)
defects in the horizontal shaft parts.
(B)
that the relief valve of the oil supply attached pump has been set too high, causing
overload.
(C)
water in the gear case.
>
(D)
excessive supply of sealing water, feed rate too high and water outlet of oil
clogged.
SET010000002499
N
155. The relief valves in a fuel oil service system discharge to
either the service pump suction or
to the ..............
(A)
settling tanks.
>
(B)
recirculating line.
(C)
simplex fuel oil strainer.
(D)
slop retention tanks.
SET010000001889
N
156. What is happening when the "PURGING" indicating light is
illuminated on the control panel
of the boiler burner ?
(A)
Pump "P" is purging the fuel over pressure valve "R".
>
(B)
Purging air in boiler with flap "F" full open, solenoid "S" and "PB" closed.
(C)
Both air and fuel are admitted over "F" and "S" , ignition will start.
72

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(D)
The boiler starts firing and the photocell will activate.
SET010000002576
N
157. What is "simmer" in a safety valve ?
(A)
A hissing sound indicating that a safety valve is leaking.
(B)
A failure of a safety valve to re-seat.
(C)
A metallic hammering noise.
>
(D)
First leakage before the valve opens.
SET010000001873
N
158. Why is steam allowed to position - J' - of the turbine "J " ?
>
(A)
It is the steam to the astern turbine.
(B)
It is the steam regenerating line.
(C)
It is the steam gland feeder line.
(D)
It is the parallel reduced steam line.
STCW2EN39PX26M
N
159. A hydrazine test is conducted on boiler water to check
for............
(A)
Nitrates.
(B)
Phosphates.
(C)
Sulphates.
>
(D)
Excess oxygen.
STCW25EFSHE9XH
N
160. Which is the least harmful of these refrigerants?
(A)
Freon 12.
>
(B)
Carbon Dioxide.
(C)
Freon 22.
(D)
Ammonia.
STCW2WU5C79KHP
N
161. Can leaking stern tube seals be replaced when the vessel is
afloat and if yes, how?
Y
>
(A)
Yes, ballast the ship until the stern tube is clear of the water.
(B)
No, they can only be replaced in dry-dock.
(C)
Yes, with divers working under water whilst the forward seal is blanked.
(D)
Yes, but only the forward seal can be replaced.
SET010000004737
N
162. On resuming normal purification after automatic desludging you frequently experience a
high temperature alarm. What will you do to avoid reoccurrence ?
(A)
Increase capacity through the purifier.
(B)
Lower the set point of the oil temperature.
>
(C)
Fit or adjust (increase) time delay on the high temperature alarm.
(D)
Decrease capacity through the purifier.
SET010000002017
N
163. What metal is the stern tube usually lined with?
(A)
Gunmetal.
(B)
Aluminium brass.
(C)
Phosphor bronze.
>
(D)
White metal.
STCW26JG11U13Y1
N
164. What action should you take in the case of an boiler
uptake fire?
>
(A)
Shut off burners, shut down fans and close off air supply.
(B)
Operate soot blowers to extinguish fire.
(C)
Increase air supply to burn fire out.
(D)
Shut down burners but maintain fans to clear fire.
STCW2CQTCYEJ51
N
165. What is the primary purpose of drain valves fitted on all air
bottles?
>
(A)
To remove water condensate from the bottle.
(B)
To blow the bottles empty if required.
73

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(C)
To remove dirt from the bottle.
(D)
To remove excessive oil from the bottle.
SET010000001900
N
166. What is item "B" in this steam lay-out drawing ?
(A)
The 3.0 bar pressure reducing valve.
>
(B)
The 7.0 bar manifold safety valve.
(C)
The 7.0 bar pressure reducing valve.
(D)
The 3.0 bar manifold safety valve.
STCW2T8IJD4IVJ6
N
167. Which of the following is a rotary compressor?
(A)
Starting air compressor.
>
(B)
Diesel engine charge air compressor.
(C)
Control air compressor.
(D)
Emergency air compressor.
SET010000003067
N
168. When taking over the engine room watch, what are you to
check and verify concerning the
bilges and any accumulated water ?
(A)
Check accumulation source and piping and check when the bilges were last
pumped .
(B)
Check dryness of bilges, water in accumulation tank (bilge tank) and verify
whether
bilges were pumped.
(C)
Check from where the water or oil is originating and when the bilges were last
pumped.
>
(D)
The amount of water in the bilges, the Chief Engineer's standing orders
and check for
any accumulation and its source.
SET010000001899
N
169. What is item "A" in the steam lay-out drawing ?
(A)
The 3.0 bar steam pressure relief valve.
>
(B)
The main 7.0 bar pressure reducing valve.
(C)
The 7.0 bar - 3 bar pressure reducing valve.
(D)
The 7.0 bar steam pressure relief valve.
STCW2N7RWHJ956
N
170. On the fresh water generator why is a baffle plate fitted
between evaporator and condenser?
(A)
To cool the vapour.
(B)
To maintain the vacuum inside the shell.
>
(C)
To prevent carry over of brine.
(D)
To maintain the evaporator temperature.
STCW2TEY9T02AY
N
171. How far from the coast is it permitted to use Low-pressure
evaporation to produce drinking
water?
(A)
5 miles.
>
(B)
20 miles.
(C)
12 miles.
(D)
30 miles.
SET010000001878
N
172. What is the purpose of the fins fitted on this steam piping
?
(A)
To absorb the vibrations existing in the funnel.
(B)
To allow for expansion with temperature differences.
(C)
As "Harmonica" piping, to make the piping flexible.
>
(D)
To increase the heated surface of the piping.
SET010000003058
N
173. When taking over the engine room watch you should
ensure that the stern tube oil gravity
74

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


tanks .............
>
(A)
contain oil to the correct level mark to ensure that there is no oil loss via
the stern
(B)
are changed-over from high to low or vice versa as required.
(C)
contain sufficient oil to maintain level during your watch.
(D)
are at the required temperature and if hot, more water should be added to the
stern
tube.
SET010000002581
N
174. What is component D called ?
(A)
The superheater coil.
(B)
The expansion coil.
(C)
The condensor coil.
>
(D)
The evaporator coil.
SET010000001761
N
175. Why is there an oil separator "OS" fitted as shown here ?
(A)
Because Freon absorbs oil and it needs to be separated.
(B)
To separate oil during compressor start-up.
(C)
To collect the oil before stopping the compressor.
>
(D)
To separate the oil dragged with the Freon from the compressor.
SET010000003056
N
176. When taking over the engine room watch, you should
verify that the steering gear is
>
(A)
vibration free operation without oil leaks and that the unit is well greased
and
(B)
well ventilated.
(C)
operational and the ship is on course.
(D)
not running in overload or not overheating.
SET010000003132
N
177. If there is a very sudden and large increase in steam
consumption, how will the boiler water
level behave ?
>
(A)
It will at first rise suddenly, then drop drastically.
(B)
It will at first drop suddenly, then increase drastically.
(C)
It will increase drastically.
(D)
It will drop drastically.
STCW2S9RL7KOHV
N
178. If purifier does not attain full speed what could be the
likely cause?
(A)
Motor running too slow.
(B)
Bowl incorrectly assembled.
>
(C)
Drive clutch slipping.
(D)
Out of balance.
.
SET010000001962
N
179. If a dirty oily/water mixture is entering chamber item 1 of
this separator, where will the dirt
settle ?
(A)
With the liquid item 3.
(B)
With the liquid item 2.
(C)
On the separation plate between liquids 2 and 3.
>
(D)
On the bottom item 4.
SET010000004788
N
180. What will you do if the plate exchanger leaks when
returned to service after cleaning?
(A)
Close the valves.
>
(B)
Dismantle the exchanger, check or renew packings.
(C)
Reduce pressure.
75

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
Tighten more.
STCW2RTR57FLUL
N
181. In a hydraulic telemotor steering system movement of the
wheel.........
(A)
transmits electrical signal to the hydraulic actuator valves.
(B)
controls movement of the transmitter electric motor.
>
(C)
controls movement of the transmitter pistons.
(D)
controls the main hydraulic pumps.
SET010000002551
N
182. In a refrigeration system, a fluid that serves only as a heat
carrier is called the .........
>
(A)
secondary refrigerant.
(B)
condensing refrigerant.
(C)
vaporizing refrigerant.
(D)
primary refrigerant.
SET010000001986
N
183. Suppose the rated delivery pressure of this main air
compressor is 25 bar, what would be
the delivery pressure of the first stage cylinder ?
(A)
12.5 bar.
(B)
8.3 bar.
>
(C)
5 bar.
(D)
15 bar.
SET010000003124
N
184. The reason for an oil fired boiler uptake emitting dark
smoke could be .............
(A)
a restriction in the free air supply to the boiler fans, perhaps the engine room vent
fans
are not running.
>
(B)
Any of these.
(C)
a faulty or dirty boiler nozzle tip or boiler fuel rotating cup.
(D)
the fuel / air ratio adjustment incorrect.
SET010000003057
N
185. When taking over the engine room watch you should
verify that the pallister bearing carrying
the rudder stock ............
(A)
has no jumping clearance.
(B)
has sufficient clearance on the gland packing and is not scoring the liner or the
seat
plate.
>
(C)
is well greased and that no water ingress is noticeable.
(D)
has no axial clearance.
STCW2SV9LXJ3U91
N
186. What is the plate material used in sea- water, plate heat
exchangers?
(A)
Stainless steel.
>
(B)
Titanium.
(C)
Bronze.
(D)
Cupro Nickel.

SET010000002637
N
187.
(A)
Part 4.
(B)
Part 5.
(C)
Part 6.
>
(D)
Part 3.

Which part is the spring house ?

76

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SET010000001871
N
188. This installation consists of the following turbine
combination :
>
(A)
All of these options.
(B)
a turbine system with ahead and astern manoevring capability.
(C)
a high pressure and a low pressure turbine.
(D)
the H.P and L.P turbine acting in tandem to one reduction gear.
SET010000002080
N
189. What is the source of energy used to convert salt water
into fresh water in this fresh water
generator ?
(A)
The ejector pump and seawater pump combined.
(B)
The vacuum and ejector pump item 13.
(C)
The seawater pump supplying the evaporating water item 14.
>
(D)
The waste heat from the main engine.
SET010000001080
N
190. Should water be circulated through the main engine during
a port stay, and if so why ?
(A)
No, as this will prevent the auxiliary engines attaining the correct temperature.
(B)
Yes, as this will maintain watertight condition of hoses and connections.
>
(C)
Yes, circulating the auxiliary jacket water will maintain the main engine
temperature.
(D)
No, as this would result in extra water consumption from main engine water leaks.
SET010000002636
N
191. What part is the diaphragm disc ?
>
(A)
Part 4.
(B)
Part 6.
(C)
Part 3.
(D)
Part 2.
SET010000001887
N
192. If the stand-by indicating light is energised on the control
panel of this boiler burner, what
does it indicate?
(A)
That the pilot burner is in operation.
>
(B)
That the boiler is ready to be fired and no alarm conditions exist.
(C)
That the fuel is circulating and at the temperature ready to fire.
(D)
That an alarm condition extists.
SET010000000583
N
193. What is "chatter" in a safety valve ?
(A)
A failure of a safety valve to re-seat.
(B)
A hissing sound indicating that a safety valve is leaking.
(C)
The first leakage before the valve opens.
>
(D)
A metallic hammering noise.
SET010000003078
N
194. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you verify concerning the sea cooling
water supply system ?
(A)
The suction pressure and the discharge pressures.
(B)
The cleanliness of the filters and the correct sea chests are in operation.
(C)
The sea water temperature and the sea water pressure.
>
(D)
The cooling water system line setting and the sea water pressures to the
different
components.
STCW2SDHVCXFO0
N
195. Why are cylindrical boiler end plates of dished shape?
F
(A)
Better accommodates the furnace.
>
(B)
Stronger than flat plates.
(C)
Increased water capacity.
(D)
Easier access to manhole doors.
77

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SET010000002143
N
196. In this nozzle/flapper assembly (part of a pneumatic
control system) at what distance away
from the nozzle does the flapper need to be moved in order not to have any influence on
the
NBP (nozzle back pressure) ?
>
(A)
h = 0.25 D.
(B)
h = 0.5 D.
(C)
h = D.
(D)
h = 0.4 D.
SET010000003113
N
197. The usual mode of series operation of two heavy fuel oil
purifiers refers to .........
(A)
two identical purifiers being used for heavy fuel oil as well as for diesel oil, by
changing
line system and gravity discs.
(B)
two identical machines being put from settling tank to 1st purifier, hence to
second
purifier, at half the throughput each purifier.
>
(C)
two identical machines being operated in series, the first as purifier, the
second in line
as clarifier with same throughput.
(D)
two identical machines being put separately from settling tank to daily tank at half
the
feed rate through each purifier.
SET010000002445
N
198. In addition to pressure, Freon gauges are calibrated in:
>
(A)
absolute corresponding temperature.
(B)
absolute pressure.
(C)
saturated gas temperature.
(D)
superheated gas temperature.
SET010000003125
N
199. Before starting soot blowing operations on boilers, you
should ensure that ............
>
(A)
the bridge is informed.
(B)
the boiler is manually fired.
(C)
the boiler water level is at maximum.
(D)
the safety valves are set correctly.
STCW2J7NZ1FCY3B
N
200. What is the most important purpose of the auxiliary boiler
on a modern diesel engine
(A)
Accommodation heating.
(B)
Fresh water generation.
(C)
Domestic water heating.
>
(D)
Heating of heavy fuel oil.
SET010000001972
N
201. What should be the thermal efficiency of this kind of tube
heat exchanger ?
(A)
between 86 and 93 %.
>
(B)
100 %.
(C)
between 32 and 46 %.
(D)
between 70 and 78 %.
STCW2CVPZ3HWJB
N
202. What is the effect if the boiler fuel oil temperature is too
low?
C
(A)
Blocking of fuel filters.
>
(B)
Flame impingement and refractory damage.
(C)
Fuel delivery pump cutting out.
78

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
Flame failure.
SET010000001973
N
203. If the heated medium of this heater is oil and the heating
medium is steam, excess steam
supply or insufficient oil flow could cause excessive .................... in the heater.
(A)
deformation.
(B)
corrosion.
>
(C)
carbon formation.
(D)
pitting.
SET010000001812
N
204. Which action of the steering gear pumps is feasible ?
(A)
Pressure to cylinder A, return oil from D.
(B)
Pressure to cylinders A and B, return oil from C and D.
(C)
Pressure to cylinders A and C, return oil from B and D.
>
(D)
Pressure to cylinders A and D , return oil from B and C.
SET010000002026
N
205. What is the purpose of the 3-way cock part No. 7 in the
stern tube oil circuit ?
(A)
To remove air from the system.
(B)
To change over from main to forward stern tube sealing circuit.
>
(C)
To drain the oil from the stern tube and sample.
(D)
To fill oil in the system.
SET010000001809
N
206. When a command is given to this steering gear, what
happens ?
(A)
The valves "PR" will activate, building up hydraulic pressure.
(B)
The hydraulic pumps will start.
(C)
The spring "S" will be compressed or elongated.
>
(D)
Point "X" will move, in turn moving point "Z", controlling the pump
delivery.
STCW21JEYNEQCH
N
207. If the gauge glass indicates no water level in the boiler
what should be your first action?
(A)
Check the feed tank water level.
(B)
Blow down the gauge glass.
>
(C)
Shut off all the burners.
(D)
Check the operation of the feed pump.
STCW250EPCJWFL
N
208. Which of the following is the most likely cause of a
restriction at the expansion valve?
>
(A)
Moisture in the system.
(B)
Oil being carried over with the refrigerant..
(C)
Blockage in the filter/drier unit.
(D)
Insufficient gas charge.
SET010000002470
N
209. Flash point of oil is the temperature at which ............
(A)
It will ignite in the cylinder.
(B)
it should be stored in a pressurised tank.
(C)
condensation occurs.
>
(D)
flammable vapours form at its surface.
SET010000004707
N
210. From where should a boiler water sample be taken for
testing ?
(A)
From the drain cock.
(B)
From the steam space.
(C)
Lowest part of the boiler drum.
>
(D)
From the water space.
SET010000001997
N
211. What kind of medium is found in the line to which safety
blow-off valve part No 3 is fitted (red
line) ?
79

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
Resaturated high pressure gas.
>
(B)
Hot superheated gas of high pressure.
(C)
High pressure wet gas.
(D)
Hot saturated gas and oil.
SET010000001913
N
212. What is the purpose of a steam trap, shown as "ST" on thre
drawing?
>
(A)
To retain the steam and let the water pass.
(B)
To retain the water and let the steam pass.
(C)
To let water pass only under a vacuum.
(D)
To let steam and water pass only under atmospheric pressure.
STCW2CWZ98OQ4O N
213. What boiler mountings must be dismantled for inspection
during survey?
C
>
(A)
All boiler mountings.
(B)
Gauge glass & valve components.
(C)
Safety valves.
(D)
Feed water check valves.
STCW2WZU9Y4TMZ N
214. What would your first action be if the boiler feed pump
stopped?
K
(A)
Shut the main stop valves.
>
(B)
Shut down the boiler burners.
(C)
Check the gauge glass readings.
(D)
Change over to the auxiliary feed pump.
SET010000001877
N
215. Of what is this finned pipe a part ?
(A)
Of an exhaust gas boiler economiser.
(B)
Of an exhaust gas boiler steam generator.
>
(C)
Of any of the other options.
(D)
Of an exhaust gas boiler superheater.
SET010000003115
N
216. If the oil flows from the sludge outlet on an oil purifier, the
most likely reason for this is
(A)
that the relief valve of the gear-type supply pump is working.
(B)
that air is being sucked into the suction piping of the lub oil pump.
(C)
that defects have developed in the vertical shaft parts or otherwise that the
rubber plate
has hardened.
>
(D)
that the bowl has not been closed correctly, there is a fault in main seal
ring, pilot
valve or water supply for closing the bowl.
SET010000003059
N
217. When taking over the engine room watch you should
ensure that the stern tube seal
>
(A)
is not leaking.
(B)
has not shifted inside the liner.
(C)
is supplied with cooling fresh water.
(D)
is supplied with cooling sea water.
SET010000002089
N
218. What type of pump is the distillate water pump, item No 7,
and at what pressure is it
discharging the liquid?
>
(A)
Centrifugal pump, under vacuum.
(B)
Vane pump, under vacuum.
(C)
Vane pump, under pressure.
(D)
Centrifugal pump under pressure.
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SET010000001917
N
219. What is this funnel like pipe fitted below the evaporating
surface of the boiler water ?
(A)
A blow down funnel.
(B)
A boiler water sample drain funnel.
(C)
A feedwater funnel.
>
(D)
A skimming plate.
SET010000001767
N
220. Why is there a receiver fitted below the condenser of an
air-conditioning unit unlike on the
condenser of the domestic fridge system ?
(A)
To store spare Freon.
(B)
Because there is more chance of leakage and Freon escape.
>
(C)
Because the capacity is larger.
(D)
Because the air-conditioning does not run in winter climates.
STCW2R30U0BEZK
N
221. How is "water hammer" best avoided in steam lines?
(A)
Ensure lines are drained and open valves slowly.
>
(B)
Leave main stops and line valves open when shutting down the boiler.
(C)
Open line valves as quickly as possible.
(D)
Fully open main stops and line valves when raising steam.
STCW2PO5QDGY6
N
222. What provides power to the hydraulic emergency steering
system.
MD
(A)
Accumulators in the hydraulic system.
(B)
Battery power to the entire steering system.
>
(C)
Emergency generator running main hydraulic pumps.
(D)
Manual operation of main pumps.
STCW2ZNOXU1Z5B
N
223. Suppose the delivery air pressure of a compressor is
30.0bar. Which service could this
compressor be supplying?
>
(A)
A starting air compressor.
(B)
A working air compressor.
(C)
An instrument air compressor.
(D)
A service air compressor.
STCW2ASNHIPFVB
N
224. In a single stage air compressor what is the maximum
practical delivery pressure?
(A)
15bar.
(B)
3bar.
(C)
10bar.
>
(D)
7bar.
STCW2XVER7Y8L5
N
225. When would both steering gear motors be run together?
>
(A)
When manoeuvring in confined areas.
(B)
In the tropics to overcome the lowering of the oil viscosity.
(C)
When on passage to minimise wear.
(D)
When at anchor in a confined anchorage.
STCW2C48T9QOFM
N
226. In an electrically controlled hydraulic system what do the
electrical controls replace?
(A)
Rudder feedback signal.
(B)
The hunting gear.
(C)
Hydraulic control valves.
>
(D)
Hydraulic telemotor system.
SET010000001954
N
227. If the reefer condenser pump "PP" fails, which pump
would you use to supply cooling water
to these reefer condensers ?
81

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(A)
Auxiliary SW PUMP "AS"
>
(B)
Any of these pumps may be used.
(C)
Fire Pump "FP'
(D)
General Service Pump "GSP"
SET010000002569
N
228. What is part No. 1 called ?
(A)
A guide.
(B)
A spring.
(C)
A shaft.
>
(D)
A spindle.
SET010000002447
N
229. When the evaporator coils are located directly inside the
refrigerated space the system is
known as..............
(A)
an indirect system.
(B)
a double evaporator system.
>
(C)
a direct system.
(D)
a low pressure system.
SET010000003128
N
230. The main danger of feeding cold feedwater into a boiler is
..............
(A)
that it can cause implosions.
(B)
that it causes dangerous steam pressure drops.
>
(C)
that it causes stress in the vicinity of the inlet piping as well as corrosion.
(D)
that it causes oxygen depletion in the feedwater filling line.
SET010000001860
N
231. What is the purpose of the double check valves fitted in
this telemotor system ?
(A)
To avoid pipe rupture due to sudden movements.
(B)
To avoid oil blockage and stickiness.
>
(C)
To maintain the set pressure in the system.
(D)
To keep the rudder locked in the desired position.
STCW2PE1676S4M
N
232. What type of filling valve is fitted on all air bottles?
>
(A)
High pressure S.D. check valves.
(B)
High pressure gate valves.
(C)
High pressure butterfly valves.
(D)
High pressure remote-control valves.
SET010000002166
N
233. What is the most common reason for malfunctioning of a
pneumatic amplifier ?
(A)
Diaphragma No 7 bursts.
(B)
Gasket No 8 blown.
(C)
Valve stem No 6 defective.
>
(D)
Internal passages blocked by oil mixed with dirt.
SET010000001753
N
234. What is the required temperature in the ship's vegetable
room ?
>
(A)
From +4 to +6 degree C.
(B)
From +7 to +10 degree C.
(C)
From +5 to +7 degree C.
(D)
From +2 to +4 degree C.
STCW2MUIF61Z05W N
235. What is the state of refrigerant leaving the evaporator?
>
(A)
Gas at low pressure.
(B)
High pressure gas/liquid mixture.
(C)
Low-pressure liquid.
(D)
Gas at high pressure.
STCW2YV2SZJ5HAL
N
236. What is the main advantage of plate heat exchangers?
(A)
Cheaper to install.
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(B)
Require less maintenance.
(C)
Easier to clean.
>
(D)
More efficient and take up less space.
SET010000001086
N
237. Which of the two drawings shows two series connected
purifiers?
(A)
Neither.
(B)
2.
>
(C)
1.
(D)
Both 1 and 2.
SET010000001769
N
238. When should the recirculation of air from the
accommodation be set to 100 % and the fresh
air intake totally closed ?
>
(A)
During cargo operations or cargo transfer in port or at sea.
(B)
When vessel is moored at an oil refinery.
(C)
When outside temperature is more than 30 degree C.
(D)
When outside temperature is more than 36 degree C.
SET010000002577
N
239. How often should the operation of a boiler safety valve be
checked ?
(A)
At each dry dock.
(B)
At each annual survey.
>
(C)
At regular intervals.
(D)
Only when the electronic checking system fails.
SET010000001927
N
240. What is the primary purpose of drain valves "D" fitted on
all air bottles ?
(A)
To remove dirt from the bottle.
(B)
To blow the bottles empty if required.
(C)
To remove excessive oil from the bottle.
>
(D)
To remove water and condensate from the bottle.
STCW2CJ3JMXIO6N
N
241. What term is used to describe access holes to the boiler
drum?
>
(A)
Manholes.
(B)
Drum access holes.
(C)
Inspection holes.
(D)
Furnace inspection panels.
SET010000001107
N
242. What is part number 2 called ?
(A)
The bowl hood.
(B)
The paring disc.
(C)
The chamber.
>
(D)
The distributor.
SET010000003112
N
243. Oil purifiers can be used for purifying as well as for
clarifying operations. The clarifying
operation is referred to as ...........
>
(A)
The 2 phase liquid-solid operation, separating dirt from oil.
(B)
the 3 phase liquid-liquid-solid operation, separating light from heavy liquids, as
well as
solids from light as from heavy liquids.
(C)
The 2 phase solid-liquid operation, separating dirt from water and oil.
(D)
the single phase liquid-liquid operation (water from oil).
SET010000000092
N
244. The engine room high level bilge alarm keeps sounding
every few minutes even though the
bilge is empty. What action would you take ?
83

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
Start the bilge pump.
>
(B)
Check the function of the level switch and the printed circuit board for this
alarm group.
(C)
Disconnect the alarm and see if it helps.
(D)
Change the setting on the alarm printed circuit board.
SET010000003119
N
245. When abnormal vibrations or sounds are noticed from an
oil purifier, the most likely cause is
..................
(A)
that the water outlet of the bowl is blocked causing imbalance in the purifier bowl.
>
(B)
that the bowl has failed causing contact with non-rotating parts or defects
in horizontal
or vertical shaft parts have occurred.
(C)
that the gravity disc is the wrong size and/or oil inlet temperature is too low.
(D)
that the oil seal for the horizontal shaft is worn or damaged.
SET010000001874
N
246. Why are components "S" required ?
>
(A)
To reduce high turbine speed to propeller speed.
(B)
To absorb the vibrations on the propeller.
(C)
To transform rotating power into axial power.
(D)
To enable maximum fuel efficiency of the turbine installation.
SET010000002526
N
247. The two main types of refrigeration system evaporators
are called ............
(A)
short and extended.
(B)
dry and flooded.
>
(C)
finned and tube.
(D)
wet and dry.
SET010000003120
N
248. When inspecting purifier crankcase oil you find that the oil
has emulsified or that the level of
oil has dropped. The most likely reason is ................
>
(A)
that water is leaking in or oil is leaking out via the oil seal of the horizontal
shaft.
(B)
the bowl is leaking water on the main seal ring.
(C)
that the bowl revolutions have dropped and the purifier is working in overload.
(D)
that the safety joint of the oil pump is broken.
SET010000002086
N
249. If the FW generator is producing water with salinity of 5
ppm and is changed to produce
water of 2 ppm, this is mainly achieved by .....................
(A)
throttling sea water feed supply to the evaporator.
(B)
decreasing production by lowering fresh water supply from M.E.
(C)
decreasing sea water cooling to the condenser.
>
(D)
slowing down production by opening the vacuum breaker valve.
SET010000002127
N
250. Whilst taking over of the watch, besides verifying standing
orders and the actual condition of
the plant, tank levels and operations, what other important matter should you verify?
(A)
What is the firefighting equipment in state of readiness.
>
(B)
If any workis being performed in the engine room.
(C)
Where are the leakages in pipes, tanks and equipment.
(D)
That the bilges of all wells pumped.
SET010000001886
N
251. What is the main purpose of the photocell "P" fitted in the
burner front casing ?
>
(A)
To energise the fuel solenoid "S" when comustion is satisfactory.
(B)
To maintain the correct fuel/air ratio.
(C)
To detect firing of the pilot burner "PB".
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(D)
To cut-out the boiler if water level is low.
SET010000001898
N
252. Prior to carrying out any work on boiler burners, you
should isolate them. What is
understood by this ?
(A)
You must ensure that funnel uptake flap is closed.
>
(B)
All of these options.
(C)
You must ensure that all fuel line valves are shut and fuel drained.
(D)
You must ensure that all electrical power supplies are shut off.
SET010000001993
N
253. What is the correct name of part number 1 shown here ?
(A)
A thermo-balanced expansion valve.
(B)
A thermostatic expansion valve.
(C)
A thermo-controlled expansion valve.
>
(D)
A thermodynamic expansion valve.
SET010000002590
N
254. What is the function of the dehydrator in a refrigeration
system ?
(A)
To reduce moisture in the compressor house.
>
(B)
To absorb moisture usually present in the refrigerant.
(C)
To reduce risk of corrosion in the brine tank.
(D)
To take away humid sediments in the suction valve.
SET010000001692
N
255. What is item "F" ?
(A)
A fuel shut-off solenoid.
>
(B)
A normal mesh filter/strainer
(C)
A flow control device.
(D)
A flow meter.
SET010000002474
N
256. Power is the work done ..........
>
(A)
per unit of time.
(B)
per unit of distance.
(C)
per unit of force.
(D)
per unit of acceleration.
SET010000003121
N
257. If during your engine room watch you hear the boiler
water level alarm sound and you notice
low water level, but the feedwater pressure is normal, what should you do first ?
(A)
Shut the boiler main steam stop valve.
(B)
Shut-off the steam heating to the tank consumers.
(C)
Start another feedwater pump.
>
(D)
Open the by-pass feedwater check valves.
SET010000002579
N
258. What is component B called ?
(A)
The evaporator.
(B)
The suction tank.
>
(C)
The condensor.
(D)
The brine tank.
STCW2UVC3LFGRV
N
259. What factors influence the vacuum inside the shell of a
fresh water generator?
R
(A)
The pressure of the ejector water on the vacuum ejector.
>
(B)
All of the given options.
(C)
The temperature of the fresh water heating the evaporator.
(D)
The temperature of the sea water cooling the condenser.
STCW2PMMQV5HF
N
260. What is the steering system oil tank within the steering
pedestal?
9Q
(A)
Header tank for the auto pilot control system.
85

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
Main hydraulic system header tank.
>
(C)
Reservoir for the telemotor system.
(D)
Lubrication tank for the steering gear linkage.
STCW2LF5XHR07V
N
261. In tankers an alternate hydraulic oil supply must be
automatically connected for the steering
system within what time?
(A)
3 minutes.
>
(B)
45 seconds.
(C)
2 minutes.
(D)
5 minutes.
STCW2GR8V1IV0V7
N
262. What is a telemotor system?
(A)
Steering gear feedback system.
(B)
Hydraulic actuation of steering rams.
(C)
Hand actuation of steering gear.
>
(D)
Transfer of steering signals from wheel to steering gear.
SET010000002524
N
263. The lowest temperature obtained in a refrigerator system
is the temperature of the .........
(A)
receiver cooling water temperature.
(B)
liquid in the condenser.
(C)
evaporator coil.
>
(D)
liquid in the evaporator.
SET010000001108
N
264. Which part is the paring disc?
>
(A)
Part 3.
(B)
Part 6.
(C)
Part 2.
(D)
Part 4.
SET010000003096
N
265. Here is a list of activities which amongst other things you
will have to perform when starting
a fresh water generator. Which list is in the correct order ?
>
(A)
Start ejector pump, supply cooling water to the condenser, supply fresh
water to the
evaporator, start fresh water pump.
(B)
Start fresh water pump, start ejector pump, supply cooling water to condenser and
fresh water to the evaporator.
(C)
Supply fresh water to evaporator, start fresh water pump, start ejector pump,
supply
coolwater to condenser.
(D)
Supply coolwater to condenser, supply fresh water to evaporator, start fresh water
pump, start ejector pump.
STCW2Y02Y1B55N
N
266. What liquid is used in thermometers for extremely low
temperatures?
(A)
Alcohol.
(B)
Inert gas.
(C)
Mercury.
>
(D)
Pentane.
SET010000002501
N
267. Under normal conditions, how is the superheated steam
outlet temperature regulated?
(A)
By varying the combustion air.
(B)
By regulating the water supply temperature.
(C)
By replacing the burners nozzles.
>
(D)
By diverting part of the flow through the desuperheater.
SET010000002588
N
268. Which part in this diagram is the discharge valve ?
86

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
Part G.
>
(B)
Part B.
(C)
Part I.
(D)
Part E.
SET010000002346
N
269. Alternator temperature indicators often giving readings in
degrees Fahrenheit. If a reading is
80 degrees F, how many degrees Celsius is this ?
(A)
32.7.
(B)
29.2.
>
(C)
26.6.
(D)
23.8.
SET010000002515
N
270. Steam which is in physical contact with the boiling water
from which it is being generated is
called ..................
(A)
unsaturated steam.
(B)
saturated steam.
>
(C)
wet steam.
(D)
pure steam.
SET010000002587
N
271. What is the function of the compressor ?
(A)
To pump the liquid stored in the auxiliary refrigerant tank.
(B)
To compress hot air.
>
(C)
To compress the refrigerant.
(D)
To compress hot air and to pump the liquid stored in the auxiliary refrigerant tank.
SET010000001953
N
272. If the auxiliary seawater pump "AS" fails, which pump
should be used to cool the
condensers ?
(A)
General Service Pump "GSP".
(B)
Hydrophore Pump "HP".
(C)
Fire Pump "FP ".
>
(D)
Main Sea Water Pump(s) "MS".
STCW2F6C1Z88FUF
N
273. Upon what is the movement of the rudder dependant,
when a helm order is given?
(A)
On the hydraulic pressure setting of the relief valves.
(B)
On the adjustment of the feedback rod connection.
(C)
The degree of opening of the hydraulic bypass valve.
>
(D)
On the distance the hydraulic control lever is moved by the floating link.
SET010000003100
N
274. During start up of a purifier, how will you notice when the
bowl has reached the required
revolutions ?
(A)
The purifier will make a humming noise.
>
(B)
The starting amperage will drop sharply to normal (1/3 to 1/4) from the
starting current.
(C)
The crankcase rotating indicator will turn fast.
(D)
The vibrations on the purifier will increase.
STCW296H4GARF0
N
275. What is the first action when flashing up a boiler?
(A)
Start up the water feed pump.
(B)
Lower the oil pressure.
(C)
Clean the burner nozzle.
>
(D)
Purge furnace with air.
SET010000000091
N
276. A boiler burner fails each time it is started with failure
indicated as "flame failure". Indicate
the most likely reason.
87

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
The fan motor is faulty.
(B)
The electrode cables have the wrong output voltage.
>
(C)
The flame cell is dirty.
(D)
The fuel oil temperature is too high.
SET010000001890
N
277. What burner equipment item operating when the ignition
indication light is illuminated on
this boiler's control panel ?
(A)
The compound regulator "CR"
>
(B)
The pilot burner "PB"
(C)
The recirculating valve "R".
(D)
The fuel solenoid "S"
STCW2VMMQB4WY N
278. In a refrigeration system what effect has the solenoid stop
valve?
MO
(A)
Operates the stop valve on the compressor discharge line.
>
(B)
Shuts off the refrigerant on the compressor suction line.
(C)
Electrically shuts down the compressor.
(D)
Stops the refrigerant from entering the evaporator.
STCW2ZU2YZWRE6
N
279. In steam power plant what supplies the energy input?
D
(A)
The turbine.
>
(B)
The boiler.
(C)
The economiser.
(D)
The condenser.
SET010000002482
N
280. The Specific Heat of water is ...........
(A)
greater than 212 degree F
(B)
10 degree F
>
(C)
One
(D)
100 degree C
STCW2IHOSIM4CRC
N
281. What is always fitted in instrument air supply lines?
>
(A)
A moisture separator.
(B)
An oil separator.
(C)
A drain valve.
(D)
An automatic drain valve.
SET010000002091
N
282. When starting up a fresh water generator it often happens
that the distillate pump fails to
pump out the produced water. This could be caused by ...............
(A)
the fresh water generator being too high.
>
(B)
the pump is drawing in air through a leaking shaft seal.
(C)
an air leak on the shell and grease needs to be applied.
(D)
the vacuum being too high in the fresh water generator.
SET010000001926
N
283. What is item "M" fitted in the discharge line of the
Instrument Air Compressor (I.A.C.) ?
>
(A)
A moisture separator.
(B)
An automatic drain valve.
(C)
An oil separator.
(D)
A drain valve.
SET010000001738
N
284. In what kind of machinery would this type of gland packing
never be used ?
(A)
Steam valve spindles.
(B)
Sea water or freshwater pumping equipment.
(C)
Fuel oil or Lubricating oil systems.
88

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(D)
Refrigerating installations.
SET010000002185
N
285. If we shift the nozzle/flapper assembly to the left so that
the length of "a" is half of length
"b", to what level will L' rise before it stabilizes ?
>
(A)
Half the height from Level L.
(B)
Twice the height from level L.
(C)
1/4th the height from level L.
(D)
Four times the height from level L.
SET010000000598
N
286. Which part is the brine cooler ?
>
(A)
H
(B)
C
(C)
K
(D)
D
SET010000003084
N
287. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check concerning the main
compressed air system ?
(A)
That the branch lines to the working and instrument air are correctly opened and
at the
desired pressure of 7.5 kg/cm2.
>
(B)
That the air compressors are in a state of readiness with correct oil level in
the
crankcase and air bottles are drained.
(C)
That the valves to the deck air fore and after are open.
(D)
That the non-return valves from compressors to bottles are correctly set.
SET010000001947
N
288. Why is it important that the exhaust gas boiler bypass flap
to exhaust is operated when the
main engine is running at reduced or manoeuvring speed on Heavy Fuel Oil. ?
(A)
To ensure starting of the engine.
(B)
To ensure proper firing of the engine.
(C)
To avoid backpressure on the engine at low speed.
>
(D)
To avoid corrosion in the exhaust gas boiler.
SET010000003103
N
289. The starting/ accelerating current of a purifier is ............%
of the normal operating current.
>
(A)
250
(B)
100
(C)
50
(D)
150
SET010000002087
N
290. What should be the level in the sight glass of the
accumulated fresh water in the fresh water
generator ?
(A)
Two inches from the top.
>
(B)
Between one fourth and half level.
(C)
Half level.
(D)
One inch from the bottom.
SET010000001669
N
291. What is indicated by position "I" at both of the cylinders ?
>
(A)
Water inlet of cylinders/intercoolers.
(B)
Water inlet of cylinders.
(C)
Water inlet of Intercoolers.
(D)
Water inlet of aftercoolers.
STCW2BG6ASEHW
N
292. What compressed air supply valve must always remain
open?
DR
89

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(A)
Air to ship's whistle.
(B)
Air to deck services.
(C)
Air to starting air lines.
(D)
Air to workshop service.
STCW2EPVVMQYF
N
293. Why are some boiler tubes not plain cylindrical?
UG
(A)
To reduce scale formation.
(B)
For extra strength.
(C)
To facilitate gas flow.
>
(D)
To give a greater heating area.
SET010000002547
N
294. If the compressor discharge in a refrigeration system
becomes frosted, the probable cause
is ...........
(A)
the expansion valve being improperly set.
>
(B)
the refrigerant flooding back.
(C)
the compressor cuts out too frequently.
(D)
a faulty king valve.
SET010000001862
N
295. How might this steering system be actuated?
(A)
By any of these.
(B)
By hand steering.
(C)
By push-button steering.
>
(D)
By automatic gyro steering.
SET010000003083
N
296. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check on the oil fired boiler if
this is in operation ?
(A)
Feedwater temperature, steam pressure, water level, fuel pressure and CO2
content of
uptake gases.
>
(B)
Steam pressure, water level, flame brightness, cleanliness of the photocell
glass plus
fuel temperature and pressure.
(C)
Furnace temperature, uptake gas temperature and smoke indicator.
(D)
Feedwater temperature, fuel oil pressure, CO2 content of uptake gases and flame
brightness.
SET010000003068
N
297. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check concerning the
operational heavy fuel oil purifier?
(A)
The attached fuel pump bearings, the fuel back pressure, the inlet temperature
and the
suction strainer.
(B)
The Ferodo coupling, the bearing temperature, the crankcase oil level, the pump
bearing temperature and the setting of the timers.
>
(C)
The water seal (tank), the crankcase oil level ,the flow-through capacity,
the fuel inlet
temperature, the overflow pipe and the back pressure.
(D)
The flow-through capacity, the temperature on the inlet, the bearing temperature
and
the Ferodo coupling.
SET010000003081
N
298. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check on the operational boilers
when the exhaust gas boiler alone is providing the heat supply?
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>
(A)
The boiler water level, the steam pressure and the exhaust gas change
over flap
position or coil percentage used.
(B)
The soot blowers, the economiser and the boiler furnace.
(C)
The boiler water circulating pumps, the feedwater pumps and the feedwater
temperature.
(D)
The economiser and superheater temperatures and the steam pressure.
SET010000001933
N
299. In what kind of machinery do you find this type of valve
fitted ?
(A)
Auxiliary diesel crankcase door explosion relief valves.
(B)
Main engine scavenge air manifold.
(C)
Ventilation air ducts.
>
(D)
Air compressors cylinder heads.
STCW27SB9R0KO2
N
300. What slows the rudder movement when the requested
position is reached?
W
(A)
The rudder telemotor control.
(B)
The steering wheel transmitter.
(C)
The rudder control receiver unit.
>
(D)
The hunting gear feedback signal.
STCW2FTY5ONZQW N
301. Where is the filter/drier unit fitted in the refirgerant line?
3
>
(A)
Between condenser and expansion valve.
(B)
Between expansion valve and evaporator.
(C)
At the evaporator inlet.
(D)
On the compressor discharge line.
STCW2UBUB2YM9T
N
302. Why is it necessary to produce fresh water from seawater?
(A)
To make use of waste engine heat.
(B)
To ensure purity.
(C)
To save cost.
>
(D)
Limited shipboard storage.
STCW2AQBSXC8CX
N
303. What percentage CO2 in the uptake is present in good
combustion?
(A)
12%
(B)
25%
(C)
10%
>
(D)
15%
SET010000003062
N
304. When taking over the engine room watch you should
ensure that the intermediate shaft
bearings are ....
>
(A)
at the desired temperature, that adequate oil is flowing and that cooling
water supply is
on.
(B)
not running hot, the cooling water is not blocked and the oil is not dirty.
(C)
not overheating, not leaking oil and that no white metal is spotted.
(D)
not hot or making any unusual noise and that the cooling water valve is open.
STCW2BDB6X70AO
N
305. What does the sight glass indicate in a refrigerator system?
(A)
Condition of the filter drier unit.
(B)
Efficiency of the condenser.
(C)
Operation of the expansion valve.
>
(D)
Adequate refrigerant charge.
91

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SET010000004799
N
306. For a low pressure boiler, testing shows the water chloride
level to be 1000 PPM. What
action would you take ?
(A)
Decrease chemical dosage.
(B)
Increase chemical dosage.
(C)
No action needed.
>
(D)
Blow down boiler and check condenser for leakage.
STCW279JQFG77BI
N
307. What is the usual pressure adjustment method on boiler
safety valves?
(A)
Removable shim packs.
>
(B)
Set spring pressure with machineable adjustment rings.
(C)
Different rate springs.
(D)
Set bolt and locknut.
SET010000003064
N
308. When taking over the engine room watch, you should
check that the engine room supply
fans ............
(A)
are well greased.
(B)
are not overheating.
(C)
are covered by dirt screens.
>
(D)
are running vibration and noise free.
SET010000001805
N
309. What type of pump is referred to in the drawing as an "H.S.
PUMP" ?
(A)
High suction pump.
>
(B)
Hele-Shaw pump.
(C)
Hydraulic solenoid pump.
(D)
Higgins-Simpson pump.
SET010000001817
N
310. The first potentiometer of this electric command system is
located on the bridge. By what
mode might it be actuated?
(A)
By automatic steering via the auto-pilot.
(B)
By push button steering.
(C)
By hand steering.
>
(D)
By any of these steering methods.
SET010000001934
N
311. What is part No. 3 of this valve ?
(A)
A valve flexible disc.
(B)
A disc connecting plate.
>
(C)
A feather spring plate.
(D)
A suction/discharge plate disc.
SET010000002583
N
312. What are the four processes in a refrigeration cycle ?
>
(A)
Compression / Condensation / Expansion / Evaporation.
(B)
Condensation / Evaporation / Cooling / Compression.
(C)
Suction / Compression / Expansion / Power.
(D)
Evaporation / Expansion / Implosion / Condensation.
STCW2LLIY0V1HNV
N
313. How is an air conditioning compressor normally unloaded?
(A)
By throttling the suction valves.
(B)
By holding open the discharge valves.
(C)
By throttling the suction valves.
>
(D)
By holding open the suction valves.
SET010000001859
N
314. This steering gear telemotor system is drawn in the neutral
position, rudder amidship. This
means that ......... .
92

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
pump "P" is not pumping.
>
(B)
neither solenoid "S1" or "S2" is energised.
(C)
the double check valves are blocked.
(D)
the capacity control is at zero.
SET010000001764
N
315. What is the function of the oil differential pressure cut-out
fitted between the manometer
pipes of manometers "P" and "SM" ?
(A)
As temporary cut-out.
>
(B)
As a low lub oil pressure cut-out.
(C)
As warning/cut out due to oil foaming.
(D)
As high temperature warning.
STCW287ASUDFAX
N
316. What liquid is present in the collecting point at the bottom
of the evaporator?
(A)
Ejector water.
(B)
Fresh water.
(C)
Sea water.
>
(D)
Brine.
SET010000002007
N
317. In what capacity range are refrigeration compressors of
this type found (shaft input
expressed in Kilo Watts) ?
(A)
5 kW to 15 kW.
(B)
25 kW to 65 kW.
>
(C)
2.5 kW to 7.5 kW.
(D)
300 W to 1.5 kW.
SET010000001690
N
318. What type of pump is the HFO purifier feed pump P ?
(A)
A centrifugal pump.
>
(B)
A gear pump or worm pump.
(C)
A piston pump.
(D)
A vane pump.
SET010000003117
N
319. If you find that the feed rate of an oil purifier (its
throughput) has reduced, the most likely
reason for this is .............
(A)
that the amount of sealing water of the bowl is insufficient or the containing tank
is
empty or shut-off.
(B)
that the revolution speed of the bowl has slowed or the electric motor is operating
in
overload.
>
(C)
insufficient delivery from the gear pump, the pump's relief valve is passing,
a leaking
suction pipe or blocked suction filter.
(D)
that the wrong type of gravity disc is fitted, the oil temperature is incorrect or the
heater is blocked.
SET010000002147
N
320. This characteristic shows that only linear part a-b can be
used. This means that the normal
effective travel of the flapper is only ............... for the full measuring range.
(A)
0.005 mm.
(B)
0.10 mm.
(C)
0.05 mm.
>
(D)
0.01 mm.
SET010000002537
N
321. High latent heat is desirable in a refrigerant so that ...........
(A)
smaller pipes can be used.
93

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>
(B)
a small amount of refrigerant will absorb a large amount of heat.
(C)
smaller compressors can be used.
(D)
it will boil at low temperature.
SET010000002146
N
322. If the flapper is pushed against the nozzle so that h = 0,
what will the reading of NBP
become ?
(A)
0 psi.
>
(B)
20 psi.
(C)
15 psi.
(D)
3 psi.
SET010000001922
N
323. During vessel manoeuvring, which Main Air Bottles are
used ?
(A)
No 1 Main Air Bottle.
>
(B)
No 1 or No 2 Main Air Bottle.
(C)
No 2 Main Air Bottle.
(D)
No 1 and No 2 Main Air Bottle.
VIDTL3K93UM3T3T
N
324. Which of the following would indicate the steam trap in
the drawing was operating correctly?
(A)
Inlet and drain are both cold.
(B)
Inlet warm and drain hot.
>
(C)
Inlet hot and drain warm.
(D)
Inlet and drain hot are both hot.
SET010000002024
N
325. What is the shape of stern tube seals (forward and aft) ?
(A)
They are round in form and in one piece (O-ring type).
(B)
They are flat gaskets between flanges.
>
(C)
They are lip seals and in one piece.
(D)
They are square in form and diagonally cut.
SET010000002549
N
326. When used in operating accomodation air conditioning
systems, humidity is a measure of
...............
(A)
temperature.
(B)
evaporation.
(C)
latent heat.
>
(D)
water vapour content.
SET010000002539
N
327. What will happen if brine in a refrigeration system has a
high specific gravity ?
>
(A)
It will crystallize.
(B)
Nothing will happen.
(C)
It will freeze.
(D)
It will solidify.
SET010000004795
N
328. When opening a plate cooler for cleaning, how should the
bolts be removed ?
(A)
One by one, clockwise.
>
(B)
Fully slacken and remove top ones first, then the middle and then the
bottom ones.
(C)
Fully slacken and remove the middle bolts first, then the top and then the bottom
(D)
One by one, anti-clockwise.
SET010000001937
N
329. How is this type of valve kept in place in the cylinder head
of an air compressor ?
(A)
It is screwed into the valve space of the cylinder head.
(B)
It is kept in place by a collar flange, bolted on the cylinder head
>
(C)
It is secured to the cylinder head by bolts.
94

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
It is fitted in a valve housing which is bolted by a flange onto the cylinder head.
STCW2XYU32MXTV
N
330. What is the function of the boiler Low Level alarm?
(A)
Reduce the oil supply to the boiler burner.
(B)
Increase the feed water supply.
(C)
Sound low level alarm.
>
(D)
Sound alarm and shut down boiler burner.
SET010000001637
N
331. What kind of temperature control mode is fitted here ?
>
(A)
Controlling outlet by regulating the inlet.
(B)
Controlling outlet by regulating the outlet.
(C)
Controlling inlet by regulating the outlet.
(D)
Controlling inlet by regulating the inlet.
SET010000002512
N
332. Which of the following is the neutral PH value ?
(A)
9
(B)
0
(C)
7.5
>
(D)
7
SET010000002409
N
333. The two valves on the left of this picture are .................,
the two valves on the right are
............... valves.
>
(A)
linear, equi-percentage.
(B)
linear, curved.
(C)
pear shaped, equi-percentage.
(D)
flat top, linear.
SET010000001905
N
334. The exhaust steam line of one of the consumers shown in
this drawing will not return via the
atmospheric condenser but direct via a water trap to the hot well. Which one ?
(A)
Purifiers.
(B)
M.E. heating.
>
(C)
Laundry.
(D)
Viscorator.
STCW2VREKV4ROE
N
335. When used as secondary refrigerant what determines the
brine S.G. required?
B
(A)
Amount of brine in circulation.
(B)
Type of primary refrigerant in use.
(C)
Capacity of refrigerant compressors.
.
>
(D)
Carrying temperature of the cargo.
SET010000002000
N
336. What kind of material is NEVER used for the pistons of a
refrigeration compressor ?
(A)
Perlite steel.
>
(B)
Pure aluminium.
(C)
Cast Iron.
(D)
Light alloy.
SET010000003074
N
337. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check concerning the hot well of
the condensate/feedwater system ?
(A)
Whether the filters are cleaned and that the chemical concentration of the water
is
correct.
95

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(B)
Whether correct level, no excess of make-up water being supplied and
that there is no
steaming up.
(C)
Whether the cooling water supply is sufficient and that the level is satisfactory.
(D)
Whether the heating coil is in operation and that the automatic filling valve is
working
to satisfaction.
SET010000001689
N
338. If you increase fuel flow to the purifier using capacity
control valve CC, what other action
must you take?
(A)
Throttle steam to the HFO service tank.
>
(B)
Adjust back pressure with back pressure valve BPV.
(C)
Drain the service tank at shorter intervals.
(D)
Increase the flow from the settling tank to the purifier.
SET010000001759
N
339. How are the solenoid valves "S" (fitted before the
evaporating banks) controlled ?
(A)
By the pressure of the evaporating liquid.
>
(B)
By the temperature inside the refrigerated compartments.
(C)
By the defrost control panel.
(D)
By the evaporator gas outlet temperature.
STCW2RVV8S8MTK
N
340. When commencing operation of the fresh water
generator, what must you ensure before
starting the distillate pump?
(A)
The pump is primed via the priming line.
(B)
The discharge valve of the pump is shut.
(C)
The vacuum in the evaporator is still minimum.
>
(D)
Water is visible in the sight glass of the condenser.
STCW2BADKFFVPB
N
341. What percentage CO2 in the flue gases would indicate
correct combustion?
(A)
7%
(B)
5%
>
(C)
12%
(D)
20%
SET010000001810
N
342. What is the purpose of spring "S" fitted between point "Y"
and the Trunion block of the
steering gear ?
(A)
To absorb the clearance of the Trunion with the rod "X-Y".
(B)
To avoid sudden movements and overload.
>
(C)
Ensuring flexibility by absorbing vibrations and clearances.
(D)
To elongate and compress and keep point "Y" in place.
STCW248EPT84T89
N
343. What action would you take if the boiler water Chloride
readings are too high?
>
(A)
Blow down the boiler regularly until readings are acceptable.
(B)
Drain and refill the feed water tank.
(C)
Increase frequency of testing.
(D)
Add more chemical to the feed water.
SET010000001113
N
344. Where is the separation carried out ?
(A)
Position number 2.
(B)
Positioin number 7.
>
(C)
Position number 5
(D)
Position number 1.
96

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SET010000002150
N
345. What pneumatic control device is shown here?
>
(A)
A pneumatic amplifier.
(B)
A pneumatic booster aggregate.
(C)
A pneumatic controller.
(D)
A pneumatic flapper/nozzle assembly.
STCW2PEPGG8EB6
N
346. What is the possible consequence of too high a water level
in the boiler?
(A)
Feed pump cutting out.
(B)
Boiler shutting down.
(C)
Insufficient steam generation.
>
(D)
Carry-over of the boiler water.
SET010000001755
N
347. What parameter is controlling the capacity control system
of this domestic refrigerating
compressor?
(A)
The discharge pressure of the compressor.
>
(B)
The suction pressure of the compressor.
(C)
The temperature in the refrigerated rooms.
(D)
The temperature and back-pressure of the condensor.
SET010000002013
N
348. What is part No. 3 ?
(A)
The sterntube.
(B)
The rudder.
(C)
The transom.
>
(D)
The stern.
SET010000001885
N
349. What is the purpose of "S" fitted in the fuel admission line
to the rotating cup burner of this
boiler ?
(A)
Emergency stop / Boiler failure cut-out for any reason.
(B)
Fuel admission by operation/ Fuel block by stop/emergency.
(C)
Keeps fuel to burner open in normal firing mode via photocell.
>
(D)
All of these options.
SET010000001965
N
350. Where will the dirt collect from the oily water mixture if
separated by the centrifugal disc
type separator, shown right ?
>
(A)
In between the discs.
(B)
On the top separation plate between oil and water.
(C)
On the cylindrical surface of the bowl.
(D)
On the bottom of the bowl.
SET010000002084
N
351. What is the required salinity of the fresh water produced
as drinking water onboard ?
>
(A)
Below 7 ppm.
(B)
Below 50 ppm.
(C)
Below 20 ppm.
(D)
Below 2 ppm.
SET010000001672
N
352. When is manual by-pass valve of this compressor cooler
"CW" operated?
>
(A)
In cold climates to avoid moisture.
(B)
When the compressor is new/overhauled with new rings.
(C)
In the case of a cooler tube leaking.
(D)
During normal running to keep the temperature constant.
SET010000002531
N
353. The temperature of a refrigerant is highest just before it
enters the ..............
97

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
evaporator.
(B)
king valve.
>
(C)
condenser.
(D)
receiver.
STCW2FBURMI7921 N
354. What is the purpose of the automatic unloading valve
when fitted to the air start
(A)
Prevent the pressure relief valves from lifting.
>
(B)
Avoid high starting current on the motor.
(C)
Avoid the first stage relief valves lifting when starting.
(D)
Prevent damage to the valves when starting.
STCW2MF8NNNSHQ N
355. What daily test should be carried out on boiler water?
W
>
(A)
Chloride content.
(B)
Dissolved nitrogen.
(C)
Sulphite content.
(D)
Dissolved oxygen.
SET010000001872
N
356. What are items "R" and why are they required ?
(A)
Reducing block bearings. As turbine shaft support.
(B)
Coupling flanges. To allow disassemble of pinion gears.
>
(C)
Flexible couplings. To allow flexibility between HP and LP turbines.
(D)
Thrust bearings. To catch axial force and propel the ship.
SET010000002580
N
357. What is component C called ?
(A)
The suction valve.
(B)
The pressure regulator.
(C)
The condensor valve.
>
(D)
The expansion valve.
STCW2L5S5ASWLP
N
358. In a single motor electrical steering system what supplies
the main steering motor?
(A)
Hydraulic power pack.
(B)
Electrical supply from a local motor/generator.
(C)
Hydraulic power delivered by the main steering motors.
>
(D)
Mains electrical supply.
SET010000001673
N
359. This drawing indicates the timing of the unloader and
drains of a compressor. After how
many seconds will the compressor pump at full capacity ?
>
(A)
12 seconds.
(B)
14 seconds.
(C)
7 seconds.
(D)
Between 7 and 12 seconds.
SET010000002448
N
360. An abnormally hot suction line in a refrigerating plant may
be due to.............
>
(A)
insufficient refrigerant.
(B)
too much oil in circulation.
(C)
high latent heat of evaporation.
(D)
too much refrigerant.
STCW2VRS3ZWGCN
N
361. What term is used for unequal distribution of burner spray
in the boiler furnace?
N
>
(A)
Flame impingement.
(B)
Combustion air imbalance.
(C)
Furnace distortion.
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(D)
Unequal firing.
STCW2U2TX31817U N
362. What shutdown device might be fitted on air
compressors?
(A)
Over speed.
(B)
Low first stage pressure.
(C)
High air pressure.
>
(D)
High delivery temperature.
SET010000004779
N
363. When an overhaul of a compressor is completed and the
compressor is to be started for a
test run, it is important to ...........
(A)
check that all air receiver outlets are closed during the test run.
>
(B)
check that an open discharge line exists through to the receiver.
(C)
check the maximum pressure of the capacity on run-up.
(D)
check the direction of rotation.
STCW2JXMV01S9U
N
364. In the case of air-cooled compressors what form does the
cooler take?
(A)
Vertical flattened pipes.
>
(B)
Finned circular pipes.
(C)
Honeycombed radiator.
(D)
Horizontal box section pipes.
SET010000001961
N
365. What liquid substance is present in chamber 1 of this oilwater separator ?
>
(A)
Oil/water mixture.
(B)
Dirty oil.
(C)
Water.
(D)
Clean oil.
SET010000003150
N
366. Water whith a pH value of 7 is referred to as .................
>
(A)
neutral.
(B)
alkaline.
(C)
basic.
(D)
acid.
SET010000002487
N
367. The unit of measure used to express the chloride content
of boiler water is ...............
(A)
pH.
(B)
micro-ohm.
>
(C)
PPM.
(D)
gms per cc.
SET010000002027
N
368. Why is the stern tube header tank fitted above the sea
water level ?
(A)
To ensure lubrication of the forward stern tube seal.
(B)
To ensure lubrication of the after stern tube seal.
(C)
To avoid oil being spilled overboard.
>
(D)
To avoid sea water entering the stern tube.
STCW26D8GA6KMC
N
369. What of the following is the most damaging to riveted
mountings?
E
(A)
Rusting of the rivet heads.
(B)
Raising steam too quickly.
(C)
Chloride levels too high.
>
(D)
Leakage through the rivets.
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SET010000001880
N
370. How is this finned piping of an exhaust gas boiler fastened
in the boiler wall ?
>
(A)
It is welded.
(B)
With a screwed coupling.
(C)
It is caulked.
(D)
It is expanded.
SET010000002133
N
371. In reefer installations the cooling effect is produced by
lowering the pressure of the
refrigerant so that .................
(A)
the liquid will be able to expand to gas.
(B)
it will be able to be compressed again and give off heat.
(C)
the liquid will be able to absorb heat from the surroundings.
>
(D)
its boiling point is reached and it will be able to absorb heat.
STCW2BN5M3P4HG N
372. What is the purpose of the scum valves on the auxiliary
boiler?
W
(A)
Removal of scum from the feed tank water.
(B)
Draining the boiler water to the bilge.
>
(C)
Removal of scum from the boiler water surface.
(D)
Removal of scum from the drains observation tank.
SET010000002005
N
373. Which type of suction and delivery valves woul be fitted in
this type compressor?
(A)
A cylindrical combination suction/delivery valve.
(B)
Spring controlled poppet valves.
>
(C)
Vane type valve plates riveted on valve plate.
(D)
One each cylindrical suction and delivery valve.
STCW2Y0DVZ6V2O
N
374. What is the purpose of hunting gear when referring to a
hydraulic steering system?
>
(A)
Provides feedback to the pump control.
(B)
To control hydraulic motor swash plate movement.
(C)
To transmit hydraulic pressure.
(D)
Limits the speed of the rudder movement.
STCW282DUBT0Y2
N
375. What regular maintenance is required on the boiler
burner?
(A)
Renewing of the electrodes.
(B)
Overhauling of the shut-off valves.
>
(C)
Cleaning of the burner tips.
(D)
Cleaning and resetting of the air register.
STCW22TBQH80OF
N
376. How is the quality of the distilled water from a fresh water
generator improved?
(A)
Decreasing the jacket water flow to the evaporator.
>
(B)
Slowing down the output of the evaporator.
(C)
Decreasing the seawater feed to the evaporator.
(D)
Increasing the shell vacuum.
STCW2E8WWCIPKFI N
377. What is the normal maximum starting air pressure?
(A)
40bar.
(B)
20bar.
(C)
50bar.
>
(D)
30bar.
STCW2L39H2IWU99 N
378. What is the purpose of air release valves on boiler shell?
(A)
To expel air when filling the boiler.
>
(B)
To expel air when raising steam.
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(C)
To vent the boiler when shut down.
(D)
To check when steam is being produced.
SET010000004793
N
379. At what interval should boiler water testing take place ?
>
(A)
Every day.
(B)
Every eight hours.
(C)
Every fortnight.
(D)
Every week.
STCW2L5Z22Y6TF6
N
380. What is the most likely source of Chloride contamination in
the boiler feed water?
(A)
Accommodation heating.
(B)
Feed water tank.
(C)
Fuel heater.
>
(D)
Drains cooler.
SET010000002145
N
381. What is the most common reason for malfunctioning or
erratic functioning of a pneumatic
nozzle/flapper assembly ?
(A)
The flapper is broken or distorted.
>
(B)
Dirty air passages of restrictor and nozzle.
(C)
Oil or moisture in the back pressure line (NBP).
(D)
The nozzle is worn out.
SET010000001668
N
382. Which kind of cooling water system is used with this
compressor ?
(A)
Free flow fresh water cooling.
(B)
Open free flow sea water cooling.
(C)
Forced sea water cooling.
>
(D)
Forced fresh water cooling.
SET010000001741
N
383. What do you call this device?
>
(A)
An overpressure blow-off valve.
(B)
A safety lifting valve.
(C)
A straight non-return valve.
(D)
A scavenge air valve.
STCW2WTHKW7LY
N
384. What mountings must be tested daily on steaming boilers?
(A)
Boiler blow down valves.
(B)
Safety valve easing gear.
>
(C)
Water level indicators.
(D)
Main feed water check valves.
SET010000001680
N
385. In which kind of compressor is this type of piston assembly
fitted ?
>
(A)
Oil-free instrument air compressor.
(B)
Service air compressor.
(C)
Refrigeration compressor.
(D)
CO2 compressor.
SET010000003108
N
386. As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic
desludging of lubricating oil purifiers
used on crosshead type engine sumps should be ................... hours.
(A)
2 to 4
(B)
1 to 2
>
(C)
6 to 8
(D)
4 to 6
SET010000002525
N
387. Refrigerating or cooling effect is produced by ..............
(A)
the pressure change of the refrigerant.
>
(B)
lowering the pressure of the refrigerant.
101

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(C)
(D)

the boiling refrigerant changing to a vapour.


increasing the pressure of the refrigerant.

STCW2XISTCEWE3
N
388. What material is the boiler shell constructed from?
(A)
High tensile steel.
(B)
High grade Molybdenum steel.
(C)
High carbon steel.
>
(D)
Good quality low carbon steel .
STCW2FCVDT1G4J
N
389. What equipment Operates on a Rankine Cycle?
(A)
Petrol engine.
>
(B)
Steam power plant.
(C)
Gas turbine.
(D)
Diesel engine.
STCW2QO9CRO7ZQ
N
390. What is the main advantage of vacuum production of fresh
water in the fresh water
F
generator?
(A)
Less possibility of contamination.
(B)
Simpler to operate.
>
(C)
Utilizes waste heat from the main engine.
(D)
Low cost of distillation equipment.
STCW2DHKILMZU99 N
391. What is the maximum salinity for water produced by a
fresh water generator when it is to be
used in water tube medium pressure boilers?
(A)
7ppm.
(B)
15ppm.
>
(C)
2ppm.
(D)
20ppm.
SET010000001762
N
392. What is the function of the low pressure cut-out fitted on
the same manometer line as
manometer "SM" ?
(A)
As safety power tripping device. Solenoids "S" will also close.
(B)
As safety shut-down device. Inspection and reset are required.
(C)
As alarm device only without shut-down function.
>
(D)
Purely as cut-in/cut-out device by low capacity. No reset required.
SET010000002480
N
393. Saturated steam produced by a boiler should be separated
from moisture ................
(A)
by the superheater.
>
(B)
by cyclones.
(C)
by passing through the dry pipe.
(D)
in the turbine steam trap.
SET010000001920
N
394. Which main air compressor is normally used to top up the
main air bottles ?
(A)
Main air compressor No 1 and No 2.
(B)
Main air compressor No 2.
(C)
Main air compressor No 1.
>
(D)
Main air compressor No 1 or No 2.
SET010000002584
N
395. What is the function of the expansion valve ?
(A)
To reduce the pressure of the liquid refrigerant.
(B)
To regulate the flow of refrigerant to the evaporator.
(C)
To increase the pressure of the liquid refrigerant.
>
(D)
To regulate the flow of refrigerant to the evaporator and to reduce the
pressure of the
102

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liquid refrigerant.
SET010000003151
N
396. Hardness in feed water is mainly attributed to salts of
these metals ...........
(A)
Potassium and Iron.
(B)
Sulphur and Vanadium.
>
(C)
Magnesium and Calcium.
(D)
Sodium and Aluminium.
SET010000002167
N
397. This shows a pneumatic control unit which forms the basis
of pneumatic control
engineering. It is ...............?
>
(A)
a nozzle/flapper assembly with amplifier.
(B)
a pneumatic basic controller unit.
(C)
a totaliser or summator unit.
(D)
a pneumatic transmitter assembly.
SET010000002025
N
398. Which are the stern tube bearing parts on this type of
stern tube?
(A)
The forward and the aft bearing bushes (liners).
(B)
The cylindrical steel tube aft.
(C)
The forward and aft plummer blocks.
>
(D)
The cylindrical steel tube with white metal lining and oil supply system.
SET010000001858
N
399. What is the principle in which oil/water separation takes
place in this cascade tank ?
(A)
By acceleration and gravitation.
(B)
By acceleration through chambers.
>
(C)
By directional change and centrifugal action in triple-action.
(D)
By separation frames.
SET010000002570
N
400. What is part No. 7 called ?
(A)
A spring cap.
(B)
A valve cover.
>
(C)
A spring adjuster.
(D)
A spring retainer.
STCW28PP31N3MIN N
401. What service is most suitable for the use of rotary
compressors?
>
(A)
Low pressure, low volume.
(B)
High pressure, low volume.
(C)
Low pressure, high volume.
(D)
High pressure, high volume.
SET010000001888
N
402. What is the function of the "Boiler Firing Switch" fitted on
the control panel of this boiler
burner ?
(A)
To isolate the electric power to the control panel.
(B)
To open the fuel valve to the burner.
>
(C)
To change from stand-by to firing mode and fire-up the boiler.
(D)
To fire the boiler on manual in emergency.
SET010000001884
N
403. What kind of burner would be fitted to this boiler ?
(A)
A steam assisted burner.
>
(B)
A rotating cup burner.
(C)
A rotating nozzle burner.
(D)
A high speed jet burner.
SET010000001707
N
404. When you start a purifier it takes several minutes to
accelerate to full speed since the
power from the electric motor is transferred by ..................... to the purifier.
103

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(A)
a plate clutch
(B)
a rotating coupling
>
(C)
a centrifugal clutch
(D)
a magnetic coupling
SET010000001868
N
405. What type of boilers are fitted (one only shown) to feed
this turbine installation ?
(A)
Exhaust dissipation boilers.
(B)
Cochran type boilers.
(C)
Scotch type boilers.
>
(D)
Water tube boilers.
STCW2MDEG5ZKDH N
406. In a conventional rudder system when will least power be
required to move the rudder?
Y
>
(A)
With vessel moving astern.
(B)
Vessel full ahead at service speed.
(C)
With vessel moving slowly ahead.
(D)
With the vessel stationary.
SET010000003066
N
407. When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you check in the engine room
workshop when no one is working there ?
(A)
That the fire alarm is switched off and that the electric power is switched off.
(B)
That all lockers are closed, that workshop is locked and the lights switched off.
(C)
That the lights are switched off and the valves of the welding gas bottles are
closed.
>
(D)
The fire alarm is switched on, the electric power to equipment switched
off and any
gas bottle valves are closed.
SET010000001681
N
408. What is the purpose of the stuffing box in this combined
piston compressor assembly ?
(A)
To keep the air of the pumping space separated from the guide.
(B)
As sealing between pumping cylinder and guide cylinder.
>
(C)
All of these options.
(D)
To prevent oil from being pumped up to the pumping piston.
SET010000001896
N
409. If you fire the boiler and it misfires repeatedly, indicating
flame failure, what are you going to
check first?
>
(A)
The photocell is clean in sight glass "G".
(B)
The boiler water level is at the correct level.
(C)
The fuel oil pressure and temperature are correct.
(D)
The ignitor rods, clean the ignitor tips if necessary.
SET010000002083
N
410. What is item No 9 shown here fitted between evaporator
and condenser of this fresh water
generator ?
(A)
A water filter assembly.
(B)
A heating cap.
(C)
A desalinator unit.
>
(D)
A water deflector.
SET010000002528
N
411. When Freon is leaking from a refrigerating system, a halide
torch flame will turn .....
(A)
yellow.
>
(B)
green.
(C)
orange.
104

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
blue.
SET010000004729
N
412. After boiler inspections and surveys, what is the final test
carried out by the surveyor in
order to accredit the safety valves and boiler mountings ?
>
(A)
Check safety valve blow-off pressure with boiler under steam.
(B)
Check the condition of valves and valve seats.
(C)
Check the valves for corrosion.
(D)
Check the valve spindles for cracks.
STCW2Y859K4MJF8
N
413. Where is the temperature of the refrigerant highest?
(A)
At the condenser outlet.
(B)
At the compressor suction.
(C)
At the expansion valve.
>
(D)
At the compressor discharge.
SET010000001893
N
414. What is the purpose of the restart button which you will
find fitted to the control panel of this
boiler's burner?
(A)
To be pressed after low water cut-out.
(B)
To be pressed after the forced draught fan trips.
>
(C)
To be pressed after flame failure.
(D)
To be pressed after restarting the feedwater pump.
SET010000001990
N
415. To which type of installation would you find these
refrigeration components fitted ?
(A)
Reefer ship cargo installations.
(B)
Ships accommodation air conditioning plants.
>
(C)
Small domestic refrigeration units.
(D)
Engine control room air conditioning plants.
SET010000001708
N
416. Which of the following alarms may sound after the
automatic de-sludging cycle is
completed and the purification of the oil restarts ?
(A)
The oil high pressure alarm.
(B)
The water seal alarm.
(C)
The overflow alarm.
>
(D)
The oil high temperature alarm.
SET010000002144
N
417. What is the meaning of the pressure indicated by NBP on
this nozzle/flapper assembly ?
(A)
Nozzle Balance Pressure.
(B)
Nominal Balance Pressure.
>
(C)
Nozzle Back Pressure.
(D)
Normal Basic Pressure.
SET010000003065
N
418. When taking over the engine room watch you should
check that the engine room fan's
intake grids or intake filters ............
(A)
are cleaned with oil and grease remover.
(B)
are properly bolted in place.
(C)
are secured by wire mesh.
>
(D)
are free of dirt or obstacles.
SET010000002001
N
419. How is lubrication arranged in this refrigeration
compressor?
>
(A)
By splash lubrication.
(B)
By a cylinder lubricator.
(C)
By attached crankcase lub. oil pump.
105

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(D)
By independent lubricating pump.
STCW2WOW609M2 N
420. Why are anodes fitted to the seawater side of heat
exchangers?
OU
(A)
To prevent scaling of the tubes and tube plates.
(B)
To prevent the formation of marine growth in the water spaces.
>
(C)
To afford corrosion protection to the sea water side of the heat exchanger.
(D)
To afford corrosion protection for the system pipes and valves.
SET010000002634
N
421. Which part is the Adjusting bolt ?
(A)
No 6.
(B)
No 1.
(C)
No 2.
>
(D)
No 5.
STCW2QE9P2PUEH
N
422. Which of the following is a system for controlling the
steering electrically?
(A)
Graduated stepper motors.
(B)
AC-DC rectification.
>
(C)
Ward Leonard System.
(D)
Compass repeater motors.
SET010000002542
N
423. In all refrigeration installations, the cooling effect is
produced in the ..............
(A)
compressor.
>
(B)
evaporator.
(C)
liquid reservoir.
(D)
condenser.
SET010000002169
N
424. Which part shown here is the nozzle in this pneumatic
assembly ?
(A)
Part No. 4
(B)
Part No. 3
(C)
Part No. 5
>
(D)
Part No. 2
SET010000003127
N
425. Why is it dangerous to add chemicals directly into the
hotwell ?
(A)
The chemical concentration causes harm to the feedpumps.
(B)
The vapours developed are dangerous when inhaled.
(C)
Danger from splashes on the eyes and skin.
>
(D)
It creates "hot spots" of chemical concentration in the feedwater which
can cause
structural harm.
SET010000001932
N
426. Suppose you find that the safety valve of the Working Air
Bottle blows off at a pressure in
excess of 8.5 bar. Which of the causes listed below is NOT a possible cause for this lifting
of the safety valve ?
(A)
Pressure reducing valve from main air bottle defective or stuck.
(B)
Compressor unloader is stuck in loading position.
>
(C)
Insufficient air consumption by the working air consumers.
(D)
Setting of cut-in / cut-out pressostat wrongly adjusted or defective.
SET010000004786
N
427. What should you do if a purifier starts to vibrate badly?
(A)
Try to decrease the flow.
>
(B)
Stop the purifier immediately.
(C)
Check the vibration alarm.
(D)
Try to increase the flow.
106

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SET010000002582
N
428. What is component G called ?
>
(A)
The liquid receiver.
(B)
The compressor receiver.
(C)
The water tank.
(D)
The freon tank.
SET010000002546
N
429. An automatically controlled Freon-12 compressor will stop
when the ....................
>
(A)
solenoid valve closes.
(B)
expansion valve opens.
(C)
expansion valve closes.
(D)
solenoid valve opens.
STCW2RVL0WISKNJ
N
430. What is meant by radial vane type steering system?
(A)
Steering is via rotating propulsion unit.
(B)
Telemotor is vane type operation.
(C)
Hydraulic pumps are vane type pumps.
>
(D)
Rudder movement is via vanes mounted onto rudderstock.
SET010000001911
N
431. In a split, reduced steam manifold, one manifold of
pressure 7.0 bar, the other
3.0 bar. From which manifold are the returns taken direct to the hotwell?
>
(A)
From the 3.0 bar manifold.
(B)
From the 7.0 bar manifold.
(C)
From either the 7.0 bar or the 3.0 bar manifold.
(D)
Neither.
STCW2PH805IMTH
N
432. What does wheel movement control in an entirely electric
steering system?
(A)
Hydraulic transmitter.
(B)
Current to the steering gear motor/generator.
(C)
Current supplied directly to the electric steering motor.
>
(D)
The electrical balance of the wheel and steering motor rheostats.
.
SET010000001883
N
433. By which unit is the combustion intensity in this boiler
controlled ?
>
(A)
By the compound regulator.
(B)
By pressostat controlled fuel admission solenoids.
(C)
By the regulating valve "R".
(D)
By the position of the air flap.
STCW21OVNDBU8G N
434. When starting an air compressor, why is it necessary for
the unloader to be activated before
6
the drain valves are closed?
(A)
To avoid the safety valves blowing.
(B)
To prevent the compressor from tripping.
(C)
To avoid air blowing in the bilges.
>
(D)
So the pumping action can blow the drains through.
SET010000002585
N
435. What is the function of the evaporator ?
(A)
To recycle used refrigerant.
(B)
Act as a heat exchanger between the hot refrigerant and the cooling medium.
>
(C)
Transferring heat from the substance being cooled.
(D)
Evaporating humid air in the room or area being cooled.
STCW2HP6ZITI7K5
N
436. What is the most dangerous effect on the boiler burner of
water in the fuel?
(A)
Loss of boiler efficiency.
>
(B)
Extinguishing of burner flame.
107

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
Damage to furnace refractory.
(D)
Poor combustion.
SET010000002178
N
437. What pneumatic device is shown here ?
(A)
A feedback amplifier.
>
(B)
A proportional controller.
(C)
A proportional transmitter.
(D)
A feedback controller.
SET010000002468
N
438. Low alkalininity of boiler water or the presence of free
oxygen, or both may result in
>
(A)
corrosion.
(B)
scale.
(C)
foaming.
(D)
priming.
SET010000001935
N
439. How do you to make this valve air tight during overhaul ?
>
(A)
By lapping and polishing valve disc 4 and seat plate 5.
(B)
By machining the seat of valve disc 4 and seat plate 5.
(C)
By fitting O-rings on seat plate 5.
(D)
By fitting cupper gaskets to the valve body.
STCW2X4E2S2FPQ
N
440. Why is the stern tube header tank fitted above the sea
water level?
>
(A)
To avoid sea water entering the stern tube.
(B)
To prevent bilge water entering the stern tube.
(C)
Ensure lubrication of the after stern tube seal.
(D)
Ensure lubrication of the forward stern tube seal.
SET010000001897
N
441. What do you think should be the temperature on
thermometer "T" during normal operation of
this boiler ?
(A)
60 to 65 degree C.
(B)
45 to 50 degree C.
>
(C)
90 to 100 degree C.
(D)
125 to 130 degree C.
SET010000001879
N
442. After sometime, scale build-up is unavoidable in steam
generating coils. How is it removed
(A)
In the drydock by chemical engineers.
>
(B)
Bythe circulation of chemicals by small pump in port.
(C)
By cleaning with boiler tube brushes.
(D)
By flushing with the boiler water circulation pump.
SET010000001766
N
443. If during your watch the air-conditioning compressor cutsout because of high discharge
pressure, what are you going to check immediately ?
(A)
If the accommodation vent fan has tripped.
>
(B)
That there is sufficient cooling water to the condenser.
(C)
The level of the receiver, to see if the Freon has escaped.
(D)
Ice formation on the evaporating unit.
SET010000001928
N
444. Which of the fittings listed below is NOT usually fitted on a
compressed air bottle ?
(A)
A pressure gauge.
>
(B)
A thermometer.
(C)
A drain valve.
(D)
A safety valve.
SET010000002003
N
445. What is part No. 7 of this refrigerated compressor ?
108

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
A spring tensioned bellow seal.
>
(B)
A flexible type shaft seal.
(C)
A carbon ring type shaft seal.
(D)
A chemical resistant box seal.
SET010000001929
N
446. What is item "A.D." in the main air supply line from the
Instrument Air Bottle ?
>
(A)
An air dryer.
(B)
An air pressure safety device.
(C)
An air safety discharge valve.
(D)
An air drain.
SET010000003118
N
447. If the electric motor on an oil purifier is overloaded or has
tripped, the most likely reason is
...............
(A)
that the discharge pressure on the light liquid outlet is set too high, or the oil
temperature has dropped.
>
(B)
that there are defects in the driving system, clutch, gears or bearings.
(C)
that the rubber plate has hardened causing excessive supply of sealing water.
(D)
that the amount of sealing water is insufficient or the sealing water timer is
wrongly
adjustment.
SET010000002016
N
448. What part is fitted under the propeller cone ?
(A)
The propeller locking bar.
>
(B)
The propeller nut.
(C)
The propeller seal.
(D)
The rope guard.
SET010000001109
N
449. What is part number 3 called ?
(A)
Disc stack support bearing.
(B)
The spring support.
(C)
The paring disc for processed oil.
>
(D)
The water paring disc.
STCW2TU9YPMMSI
N
450. What is the state of the refrigerant at the condenser
outlet?
>
(A)
High pressure liquid.
(B)
Gas/liquid mixture at evaporator pressure.
(C)
High-pressure gas.
(D)
Low pressure liquid.
SET010000002572
N
451. What is part No. 5 called ?
(A)
A valve disk.
(B)
A valve seat.
(C)
A spring supporter.
>
(D)
A valve disk holder.
STCW2HRO90YR4IV
N
452. Where on the main starting air receiver would a fusible
plug be fitted?
(A)
Next to the relief valves.
(B)
On the manhole door.
(C)
Adjacent to the filling valve.
>
(D)
On the underside.
SET010000003061
N
453. When taking over the engine room watch you should
ensure that the intermediate shaft
..........
>
(A)
is vibration free.
(B)
is adequately greased.
109

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(C)
is polished and that the polishing mats are in place.
(D)
is at engine room temperature.
SET010000002532
N
454. Moisture in a refrigeration system will cause a .....
>
(A)
faulty expansion valve.
(B)
high suction temperature.
(C)
high suction pressure.
(D)
low discharge temperature.
SET010000001752
N
455. What is the required temperature in the ship's dairy room
?
>
(A)
From +3 to +5 degree C.
(B)
From -2 to +2 degree C.
(C)
From 0 to +3 degree C.
(D)
From +5 to +7 degree C.
STCW2BQNU7HXV
N
456. What best describes the boiler "easing gear"?
W3
(A)
Reduction gearing to facilitate opening of main stop valves.
(B)
Feed control unit.
>
(C)
Manual lifting arrangement of safety valves.
(D)
Remote operation of stop valves.
SET010000001964
N
457. Where will the dirt collect which is separated from the oily
water mixture in this Sharples
separator, shown left ?
(A)
On the bottom of the cylindrical bowl.
(B)
On the oil/water separation plate.
(C)
Near separating plate flushed off with water.
>
(D)
On the inner mantle of the cylindrical bowl.
SET010000002018
N
458. How would this stern tube bearing be lubricated ?
(A)
It is self lubricating.
(B)
By grease.
>
(C)
By a closed lubricating oil system.
(D)
By water supply.
SET010000001760
N
459. What is the state of the refrigerant which flows from the
condenser to the solenoids and the
expansion valves ?
(A)
It is hot and undercooled.
(B)
It is below condenser pressure and condensed.
(C)
It rises above the condenser pressure and decreases in temperature.
>
(D)
It is under condenser pressure and undercooled.
SET010000002168
N
460. These small pneumatic pipes are connected to the
different parts of pneumatic system so
they can be easily dismantled, using ...................?
(A)
clamps with bellow packing.
(B)
sleeves and copper gaskets.
(C)
retainer springs and silicon.
>
(D)
plugs and O-rings.
SET010000002088
N
461. What is the ideal temperature difference between inlet
and outlet on this evaporator?
(A)
8 to 12 degree C.
>
(B)
6 to 8 degree C.
(C)
2 to 4 degree C.
(D)
4 to 6 degree C.
110

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STCW2FVBL9A140U
N
462. In the formula P.L.A.N. what is 'N' for a 4 stroke diesel
engine?
(A)
RPM/30.
(B)
RPM.
>
(C)
RPM/120.
(D)
RPM/60.
SET010000001806
N
463. What is the function of the valves "PR" fitted between the
Port and Starboard cylinders ?
(A)
To be opened to allow emergency steering.
(B)
To return any excess oil back to the suction of the pump.
(C)
To act as automatic by-pass valves when the steering gear is stopped.
>
(D)
To relieve excess pressure, absorbing shock and preventing damage.
SET010000002519
N
464. The atmospheric pressure is accurately indicated by a
.........
>
(A)
barometer.
(B)
hygrometer..
(C)
manometer.
(D)
Bourdon gauge.
SET010000002589
N
465. What is significant about an indirect refrigeration system ?
>
(A)
It uses a secondary refrigerant like brine to do the cooling.
(B)
It uses ammonium instead of Freon as cooling gas.
(C)
It measures temperature in directly.
(D)
It has an indirect circulation of cooling medium.
SET010000001891
N
466. The firing or the flame indicating light on the control panel
of this boiler burner control panel
shows that ............
(A)
ignition is taking place.
(B)
fuel is admitted to the main burner.
(C)
the pilot burner has fired.
>
(D)
the boiler is operating normally.
SET010000002406
N
467. The two valves shown on the left of this picture are called
flat valves and give a high
throughput for a small lift in height. They are mostly used for ...........................
(A)
a stop (zero flow) valve.
(B)
process stability, for a certain percentage in lift changes the throughput by the
same
percentage.
>
(C)
open - close regulation.
(D)
self correcting flow valve, by changing pressures in the system the throughput the
SET010000003129
N
468. The use of boiler economisers ................
>
(A)
increases the overall boiler thermal efficiency.
(B)
All of these options.
(C)
decreases the steam consumption.
(D)
increases the boiler evaporating surface.
SET010000003097
N
469. If when you start up a purifier it does not come up to the
desired revolutions, or it takes too
long a time to come up to the required revolutions, you should change the ..............
(A)
O-rings and seal set of the bowl.
>
(B)
friction pad linings.
(C)
purifier ball bearings.
(D)
gravity disc.
SET010000001083
N
470. What is part number 1 called ?
111

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
The settlement tank.
(B)
The expansion tank.
>
(C)
The service tank.
(D)
The drainage tank.
SET010000002446
N
471. In a refrigeration system the method of reducing the
capacity without reducing the
compressor speed is called:
>
(A)
hot gas by-passing.
(B)
hot pressure by-passing.
(C)
low pressure by-passing.
(D)
short cycling.
SET010000001901
N
472. What is item "C" in this drawing of the steam lay-out ?
(A)
The main safety blow-off valve.
>
(B)
The 7.0 - 3.0 bar steam reducing valve.
(C)
The 3.0 bar safety blow-off valve.
(D)
The main steam reducing valve.
SET010000002568
N
473. What is this component ?
(A)
A non-return valve.
>
(B)
A safety valve.
(C)
A pressure reducing valve.
(D)
A exhaust valve.
STCW2HHYM9FVY2
N
474. What does the telemotor receiver unit control?
U
(A)
Main steering motor control voltage.
(B)
Hydraulic operating pressure.
>
(C)
Hydraulic pump delivery.
(D)
Speed of rudder movement.
SET010000001774
N
475. What kind of metal must never be allowed to come in
contact with Freon liquid or Freon gas
and why ?
(A)
Chromium, it will overheat.
>
(B)
Aluminium, it dissolves in contact with Freon.
(C)
Iron, it will be rapidly wasted by the Freon.
(D)
Copper, it has a harmful effect on the Freon.
SET010000003114
N
476. If the oil flows out on the heavy liquid (water) side of a
purifier, the most likely reason is
(A)
that the amount of closing water for the bowl is insufficient.
>
(B)
that the gravity disc inside diameter is too big, or that the oil temperature
has dropped,
increasing the density of the oil.
(C)
that the revolution of the bowl has slowed and the electric motor is in overload.
(D)
that the operating water for the bowl has been turned off or the containing tank is
SET010000002186
N
477. What is the level difference between L and L' called in this
process ?
(A)
The span.
(B)
The amplification.
>
(C)
The offset.
(D)
The range.
SET010000002475
N
478. Which of the combustible elements of fuel oil is a major
source of boiler corrosion?
(A)
Hydrogen.
(B)
Carbon.
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>
(C)
Sulphur.
(D)
Oxygen.
SET010000001960
N
479. If the dirty oily water mixture fills chamber 1 of this
separation bowl, where will the clean oil
be found ?
(A)
Item 3 in the bowl.
(B)
Item 4 in the bowl.
(C)
Between item 2 and item 4.
>
(D)
Item 2 in the bowl.
SET010000004777
N
480. If oil is found in the auxiliary boiler water, what action
would you take other than isolating
the leak ?
(A)
Dose the coagulant.
(B)
Stop any chemical treatment.
(C)
Skim and blow down the boiler.
>
(D)
Dose the coagulant, skim and blow down the boiler.
SET010000001924
N
481. What are items "NR " fitted after the compressors?
>
(A)
Check valves.
(B)
Oil separators.
(C)
Demisters.
(D)
Safety valves.
STCW2EQACNDGTI
N
482. How is a vacuum created in the fresh water generator?
>
(A)
By the vapour ejector driven by the ejector pump.
(B)
By the differential temperature of fresh and sea water.
(C)
By the condensing effect in the condenser.
(D)
By pumping or ejecting out the brine.
SET010000002126
Y
483. When taking over the watch as duty engineer, what would
you check first, before inspecting
the plant condition?
(A)
The log book entries from the previous watch.
(B)
The engine room bilges.
>
(C)
The Chief Engineer's standing orders and special instructions.
(D)
The fire alarm monitoring equipment.

EM-02-Start up & Shut Down Machinery & Systems


Question Code Question
SETS13C0VP696JS
N
1.
What would happen if a positive displacement pump were
to be started with the discharge
valve closed?
(A)
The motor would trip on overload.
>
(B)
The pressure relief would open and circulate fluid to the suction side.
(C)
It would not take any load until the valve was opened.
(D)
Damage would be incurred by the pumping element.
SETS1DRUE18MXZ
N
2.
If, after cleaning fuel oil filters, an auxiliary diesel engine
starts but will not run, the first
check would be...
(A)
on the engine governor.
(B)
the fuel oil boost pump.
>
(C)
for the presence of air in the fuel system.
(D)
of the engine fuel linkages.
113

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SETS1ZQ16CTE675
N
3.
Which of the following is an acceptable arrangement as a
"dead ship" first start system.
(A)
Independent stand-by battery start for a main generator.
>
(B)
Manual hydraulic start emergency generator.
(C)
Battery start emergency generator.
(D)
Compressed air start emergency generator.
SETS1AL6JSSKDCA
N
4.
Adding chemical treatment to a diesel engine's jacket
cooling water is primarily designed
(A)
prevent small leakages at sealing rings.
(B)
assist the cooling capacity of the system.
>
(C)
assist in prevention of corrosion and scale formation.
(D)
maintain the coolant's stability and prevent freezing.
SETS1FP4DBFTHB
N
5.
When an electric winch control handle is in the off position
but the brake fails to come on,
the problem could be...
>
(A)
the spring pressure failing to set the brake.
(B)
an open circuit in the coil winding.
(C)
the return spring pressure is too great.
(D)
failure of the solenoid coil to energise.
SETS1PRQWQ89C3
N
6.
If an oil-fired boiler has a very white, smoky exhaust, what
does this usually indicate?
Q
(A)
Burner tip size too large.
>
(B)
Too much air supplied to boiler.
(C)
Fuel oil pressure too high.
(D)
Fuel oil temperature too low.
SETS1R1OX88ZSO
N
7.
If you experience a heavy scavenging air fire on a twostroke main engine, which of these
parts is likely to suffer the most serious damage?
(A)
The crosshead bearing.
(B)
The piston and rings.
>
(C)
The stuffing box.
(D)
The exhaust valve.
SETS1KPC06TLW6
N
8.
When starting an air compressor, why is it necessary for
the unloader to be activated before
the drain valves are closed?
>
(A)
So the pumping action can blow the drains through.
(B)
To avoid the safety valves blowing.
(C)
To prevent the compressor from tripping.
(D)
To avoid air blowing in the bilges.
SETS11Y8HCP4W9
N
9.
If the emergency fire pump is situated on an upper deck,
what must be part of the pump's
equipment?
(A)
A pressure relief valve to prevent overpressure of the system.
>
(B)
A priming pump to obtain suction at the pump.
(C)
A remote start from the bridge or control room.
(D)
A clutch to disengage the engine from the pump.
SETS1PKYT0CIOD7
N
10.
What instructions would you issue to the watchkeeping
engineer in the case of a main
engine malfunction?
(A)
Stop the engine immediately and investigate the cause.
>
(B)
Ease the load on the engine and inform the Chief Engineer.
114

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(C)
Stop the engine and inform the Chief Engineer.
(D)
Inform the bridge watch keeper and then stop the engine.
SETS1TCBO4XTXF
N
11.
When an engine is being maneouvered from the vessel's
bridge, the engine control room...
(A)
can only assume control by transferring a key from the bridge control position.
>
(B)
can assume control from the control room at any time.
(C)
cannot assume control until the porpulsion is disengaged.
(D)
can only assume control when the bridge switches to engine control.
SETS19H1IR5EJJM
N
12.
On starting the compressor of a large refrigeration system
the discharge pressure increases
quickly and is too high. What could account for this?
(A)
The bursting disc has ruptured.
(B)
The expansion valve is not correctly set.
>
(C)
There is inadequate condenser cooling.
(D)
The liquid stop valve is closed.
SETS15PK7XF0OS
N
13.
If a main engine turns but fails to start when the start air is
applied, what would you check
first?
>
(A)
The fuel supply pressure.
(B)
The start air pressure.
(C)
The governor settings.
(D)
The air start distributor valve.
SETS1O1L2B4QVH
N
14.
When shutting down the main engine for a port stay which
procedure would you follow?
(A)
Leave water and lube oil pumps running for the duration of stay.
>
(B)
Run jacket water and lube oil pumps for a short period then stop, close
start air and
fuel valves.
(C)
Shut down water and lube oil pumps and close all start air and fuel valves.
(D)
Stop sea water and lube pumps and leave jacket water circulating, all valves left
open.
SETS1TY5SGU9FV
N
15.
On a direct air start, medium speed diesel engine, the
engine turns but will not start. What
is the most likely problem?
>
(A)
Air pressure too low.
(B)
Air start valves sticking.
(C)
Low cylinder compression.
(D)
Governor malfunctioning.
SETS11B7TY61HJX
N
16.
During main engine shut-down in port, the starting air
valves should be closed and all
starting air lines vented. Why is this done?
(A)
To conserve compressed air.
>
(B)
To prevent accidental starting of the engine.
(C)
To prevent oil and water build-up in the starting air pilot cylinders.
(D)
To protect the engine cylinders from corrosion.
SETS13YCUMTD99
N
17.
What is the first action you would take when manually
flashing up a boiler?
(A)
Lower the oil pressure.
(B)
Start up the water feed pump.
>
(C)
Purge furnace with air.
(D)
Clean the burner nozzle.
SETS1GLU1UQIRI0
N
18.
When would both steering gear motors be run together?
115

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(A)
When manoeuvring in confined areas.
(B)
When at anchor in a confined anchorage.
(C)
In the tropics to overcome the lowering of the oil viscosity.
(D)
When on passage to minimise wear.
SETS1PF5CXS7X80
N
19.
If the emergency generator is put on load after a long idle
period and hunts as the load is
increased, what would you check first?
>
(A)
The fuel oil filters.
(B)
The fuel injection pumps.
(C)
The engine governor.
(D)
The fuel injectors.
SETS1NKTGY98CE
N
20.
What should be carried out before starting a diesel main
engine that has been stopped for a
lengthy period?
(A)
Check the reversing mechanism.
(B)
Bar over by hand for several revolutions
(C)
Check the governor operation.
>
(D)
Turn over on air with indicator cocks open.

SETS1WSRCQ6DM
N
21.
On starting the compressor of a large refrigeration system
both suction and discharge
WW pressures remain the same. What could account for this?
(A)
The low pressure trip requires resetting.
(B)
There is inadequate condenser cooling.
(C)
The expansion valve is not correctly set.
>
(D)
The bursting disc has ruptured.
SETS1AZK2QF8NR
N
22.
During which of the following operations is a boiler furnace
explosion most likely to occur?
(A)
At the maximum steaming rate on high flame.
>
(B)
During initial flashing up.
(C)
When shutting down the boiler.
(D)
When reducing boiler load.
SETS1H57OSIC5RZ
N
23.
If the boiler burner fails each time it is started, with the
fault indicated as "flame failure",
what might be the most likely reason?
(A)
The fuel oil temperature is too high.
>
(B)
The photo cell protective glass is dirty.
(C)
The ignition electrodes are shorted with carbon deposits.
(D)
There is inadequate air supply.
SETS17SGTUTIIED
N
24.
Which of the following is NOT acceptable as a "dead ship"
first start arrangement.
(A)
Manual start arrangements for one of the generators.
>
(B)
Battery start emergency generator.
(C)
Manual start emergency generator.
(D)
Diesel engine driven air compressor.
SETS1R7SQBADLA
N
25.
All of the engine systems are operating correctly but the
engine will not start. What would
you check first?
(A)
Jacket water temperature is correct.
(B)
Main fuel filters are clean.
>
(C)
All engine safety interlocks are clear.
116

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(D)
Governor fuel linkage is free.
SETS1XDYWNN1BX
N
26.
You have just joined a vessel and when on passage you
notice that the charge air pressure
is lower than previously recorded. What would you first suspect as the cause?
(A)
Fouled exhaust ports or turbo inlet spaces.
(B)
Damage to the turbine blades of the turbo.
>
(C)
Choked blower inlet filters.
(D)
Dirty scavenge duct.
SETS1A6PG5V1HK
N
27.
When starting a fuel oil, centrifugal purifier pronounced
vibration is noticed. What action
would you take?
(A)
Stop the purifier and check that the bowl steady bearing is correctly located.
(B)
Allow the purifier to attain normal speed and check for vibration.
>
(C)
Stop the purifier and check that the bowl has been correctly assembled.
(D)
This indicates a problem with the drive bearings and requires a complete overhaul.

SETS1V08VLPCKK
N
28.
When test running a side thruster while alongside, which
of the following precautions must
be observed?
>
(A)
Bridge must check area is clear and moorings tight.
(B)
The thrust should be directed towards the quayside.
(C)
The port authorities must be informed.
(D)
The main engine must be running.
SETS1H89VKM0EIH
N
29.
When starting a centrifugal pump, what would be the best
setting of the valves to reduce the
motor starting load?
>
(A)
The discharge valve closed.
(B)
The suction valve closed and discharge valve open.
(C)
The suction valve closed.
(D)
Suction and discharge valves closed.
SETS1BHIRC6O6S7
N
30.
What action would be taken to prevent overload on first
starting a gear pump when pumping
cold oil?
(A)
Throttle the suction valve until pressures are normal.
>
(B)
Ease off the spring loaded pressure relief valve.
(C)
Start/stop the pump frequently.
(D)
Start the pump with valves closed and gradually open.
SETS14PF2LNOG7
N
31.
When heavy oil is used as an engine's fuel, why must it be
heated in the tanks?
(A)
To prevent tar products from blocking the lines.
>
(B)
To enable the oil to be easily pumped.
(C)
To prevent the lighter oils from separating.
(D)
To maintain the correct viscosity for atomizing.
SETS1EKKJBOSDM
N
32.
When starting a fuel oil, centrifugal purifier, it takes a
longer than usual time to attain normal
W
running speed. What is the most likely problem?
(A)
The oil being processed is too cold.
(B)
Bowl locking pins not retracted correctly.
>
(C)
The motor clutch pads worn or contaminated with oil.
(D)
Bowl discs not correctly assembled.
117

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SETS1WK26DFWHT
N
33.
If an oil-fired boiler has a dirty, smoky flame, what would
happen to the boiler?
(A)
The furnace would carbon up with the risk of an air space fire.
(B)
The steam pressure would fall due to the inefficient combustion.
>
(C)
The boiler would be shut down by the action of the photo cell.
(D)
The burner would eventually become blocked and the boiler shut down.
SETS1AUCSEQFOM
N
34.
When replacing the motor on a gear pump, what is the
greatest danger on first starting?
(A)
Leaving the discharge valve shut and lifting the pressure relief valve.
(B)
Misalignment damaging the bearings.
>
(C)
Incorrect direction of rotation making the pressure relief valve inoperative.
(D)
Running the pump dry causing damage to the gears.
SETS1PC4QAQSCP
N
35.
What can happen with lubrication oil cooled pistons if you
stop the lubricating oil pump
immediately after you stop the engine?
>
(A)
Overheating of the piston and oil coke deposits in the cooling chambers.
(B)
The piston rings may seize in their grooves.
(C)
You preserve the oil sealings in the piston.
(D)
Stopping the pump immediately will not cause any problems.

SETS1C2R7DU2HF5
N
36.
You have installed a new bottom end bearing in the main
engine. What is the necessary
action to take during the running in period ?
(A)
Allow for one hour running with appropriate temperature monitoring of the
bearing.
>
(B)
Allow for a running in period with reduced load and careful temperature
monitoring.
(C)
Stop after 30 minutes running and hand feel the bearing.
(D)
Stop every ten minutes and check the bearing temperatures by hand.
SETS1DCCJGINAJQ
N
37.
What time is allowed for an emergency diesel generator in
the "auto-start" mode to start
and carry its full rated load?
(A)
As quickly as possible but not more than 2 minutes.
>
(B)
As quickly as possible but not more than 45 seconds.
(C)
As quickly as possible but not more than 3 minutes.
(D)
As quickly as possible but not more than 15 seconds.
SETS188I135FN72
N
38.
What might be the possible effects of leaving a lead-acid
battery in a discharged condition
for a long period?
(A)
When recharged will be unaffected.
(B)
The battery will recharge but will not retain its charge.
>
(C)
Lead sulphate deposits on the plates may limit capacity.
(D)
The battery will not recharge.
SETS12GHHE9IB7B
N
39.
Which of the following will prevent a main engine from
starting, on a modern, bridge control
vessel?
(A)
The propulsion control must be at zero.
>
(B)
The turning gear must be disengaged.
(C)
Engine must be switched to engine control.
(D)
Any of these conditions will prevent starting.
118

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SETS100IUV8K98X
N
40.
What might be the effect of one or more diesel engine fuel
pumps not returning to the zero
position on their fuel racks when the fuel control is at the stop position?
(A)
The engine being unable to deliver full fuel.
(B)
Uneven running at slow speeds.
(C)
Difficulty in restarting the engine.
>
(D)
The engine being unable to stop.
SETS1R9MJ9SIN2D
N
41.
Which systems are heated when preparing a slow speed
diesel engine for starting?
>
(A)
Jacket water, piston cooling, and lubricating oil.
(B)
Jacket water only.
(C)
Jacket water and piston cooling.
(D)
Jacket water and lubricating oil.
SETS1LTU1CU2U2P
N
42.
What is the first check you would carry out if difficulty is
encountered when pumping bilges
with the suction gauge showing a high vacuum?
>
(A)
Check suction strainers are clear and suction valves open.
(B)
Check that there are no other bilge well valves open.
(C)
Check the oily/water separator filters are not blocked.
(D)
Check that there is water in the bilge well.
SETS1UBMNUVOG
N
43.
If after a prolonged port stay, you start the main engine
and white smoke issues from the
OZ
exhaust, what would you do?
(A)
Stop the engine and check the fuel system.
(B)
Stop the engine and check the exhaust drains for water.
>
(C)
Run the engine until at the correct operating temperature and check the
exhaust
(D)
Disregard the smoke and hand over control to the bridge.
SETS15EV1NF7672
N
44.
During manual start-up of an air compressor which of the
following would be the correct
procedure?
>
(A)
Open drains, start compressor, load-up compressor and close drains.
(B)
Open drains, start compressor, close drains and load-up compressor.
(C)
Start compressor with drains closed and load-up immediately.
(D)
Close drains, start compressor and load-up after a few seconds.
SETS1LEJZMN2U2K
N
45.
When starting a fresh water generator, what are the most
common faults resulting in failure
to raise adequate vacuum?
(A)
Dirty condenser, fresh water pump impeller wear rings worn, vacuum breaker
valve
worn.
(B)
Reflector plate corroded, feedwater supply pipe blocked, blocked or dirty tubes in
evaporator or in the condenser.
>
(C)
Insufficient flow to eductors (pump pressure or eductor back pressure),
leaking fresh
water pump shaft seal, leak on casing or cover.
(D)
Dirty evaporator, feed reducing valve blocked, by-pass valve of the fresh water to
evaporator leaking, vacuum breaker faulty.
SETS1O4GJX0G864
N
46.
What special arrangements are provided to deal with
severe flooding of the engine room?
(A)
The main fire pump can be connected to the bilge suction.
119

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(B)
All engine room water pumps are provided with direct bilge suctions.
>
(C)
The main engine sea water circulating pump is provided with a direct bilge
suction.
(D)
All pump sea suctions can be isolated by one common, main sea suction valve.
SETS1VI1494GMJY
N
47.
What precaution would you take before starting a main
deck machinery hydraulic pump?
(A)
Check that the deck machinery was required.
(B)
That the duty deck officer was informed.
>
(C)
That there was sufficient electrical capacity available.
(D)
That all of the deck machinery was secured.
SETS1V2HBGJLLAJ
N
48.
If a crankcase explosion takes place, what should you do
after the engine has been
>
(A)
Allow the engine to cool down before any inspection is carried out.
(B)
Use a fire hose to cool down the outside of the engine.
(C)
Open all crankcase doors and increase the engine room ventilation.
(D)
Open an inspection door and inject carbon dioxide from a portable fire
extinguisher.
SETS1V658LJE4YL
N
49.
After a total electrical failure, what is the correct sequence
for restarting the essential
pumps once the power is restored?
>
(A)
Main sea water pump, jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, lub oil pump,
injector CW
pump.
(B)
Jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, injector CW pump, lub oil pump, main sea
water
pump.
(C)
Main lub oil pump, jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, injector CW pump, main
sea
water pump.
(D)
Injector CW pump, main sea water pump, jacket and piston CW pump.
SETS16ME4KE92II
N
50.
Before starting a direct drive main engine what checks
would you request the duty deck
officer to carry out?
(A)
To check the mooring ropes.
(B)
To check there are no men working on the funnel.
>
(C)
All of these checks.
(D)
To make sure the propeller is clear.
EO-05-Operate Pumping Systems
Question Code Question
STCW2NUR2SUVML N
1.
What is the main advantage of a central sea water cooler
system?
3
(A)
More efficient cooling.
(B)
Ease of cleaning.
>
(C)
Simple and short cooling water pipelines.
(D)
Cheaper to install.
SET010000002105
N
2.
Which pump parts are fitted in shaft assembly part No. 3 ?
(A)
Shaft sleeve and mechanical seal.
>
(B)
Mechanical seal and ball bearing.
(C)
Mechanical seal, O-ring and water thrower.
(D)
Shaft sleeve and ball bearing.
120

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SPECT5TA8QN7QX
N
3.
MARPOL Annex V applies to:
(A)
all ships of 500 gross tons or above.
(B)
all ships of 400 gross tons or above.
(C)
all ships certified to carry more than 15 people.
>
(D)
all ships.
SET010000001735
N
4.
What are parts 1 and 4 and what ensures the seal between
them ?
(A)
Part 1 = top cover, part 4 = valve casing, a joint.
(B)
Part 1 = top plate, part 4 = casing, an O-ring.
(C)
Part 1 = valve plate, part 4 = cast body, a seal.
>
(D)
Part 1 = valve cover, part 4 = valve body, a gasket.
SET010000001084
N
5.
What is part number 3?
(A)
The purifier.
>
(B)
The primary pump
(C)
The clarifier.
(D)
The suction filter.
SET010000001684
N
6.
What do you call the gate valves "MP", "MS", "AP", "AS"
located on deck ?
(A)
Heavy fuel oil shut-off valves.
(B)
Heavy fuel oil tank valves.
(C)
Heavy fuel oil main bunker valves.
>
(D)
Heavy fuel oil manifold bunker valves.
SET010000001959
N
7.
Here are some capacities of engine room water pumps.
Which one would be the Fresh
Water Hydrophore Pump ?
>
(A)
5 m3/hour x 50 metres.
(B)
40 m3/hour x 55 metres.
(C)
0.5 m3/hour x 40 metres.
(D)
5 m3/hour x 25 metres.
SET010000001715
N
8.
What are items "W" ?
(A)
Hold deep wells.
(B)
Ballast water tanks.
(C)
Side water tanks.
>
(D)
Cargo hold bilge wells.
SET010000002612
N
9.
What is part No. 3 ?
(A)
The propeller.
>
(B)
The impeller.
(C)
The diffuser.
(D)
The housing.
SET010000001744
N
10.
How is the sealing ring (2) fitted on the butterfly valve
plate ?
>
(A)
It is kept in place by a retaining ring secured by countersunks.
(B)
It is glued on a separate removable ring.
(C)
It is bolted on and secured by wiring.
(D)
It sits in a grooved bolted-on section.
SET010000001952
N
11.
When are the high sea chests used ?
(A)
When the ship is in polluted waters.
(B)
When the ship is deeply laden at sea.
>
(C)
When the ship is in shallow water.
(D)
When the ship is in ballast condition.
121

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SET010000001974
N
12.
If you find a leak on one of the tubes of this heat
exchanger, what should you do ?
(A)
Put the heater out of commission.
(B)
Machine plugs and weld in place.
(C)
Weld the tube tight.
>
(D)
Seal off the tube with plugs hammered in both tube ends.
SET010000002610
N
13.
What is part No. 2 ?
>
(A)
The shaft key.
(B)
The shaft taper section.
(C)
The shaft securing nut.
(D)
Impeller locking ring.
STCW2Y335ZPDXQ
N
14.
If a centrifugal pump does NOT pull a vacuum what is the
most likely cause?
>
(A)
Priming pump not functioning correctly.
(B)
Impeller vanes choked.
(C)
Impeller/wear ring clearance excessive.
(D)
Neck bush/shaft clearance excessive.
SET010000001699
N
15.
What type of pump would normally be fitted at position
"P" ?
(A)
A piston pump.
(B)
A vane pump.
(C)
A centrifugal pump.
>
(D)
A gear or screw displacement pump.
SET010000002624
N
16.
Which is the inlet ?
(A)
C.
(B)
D.
(C)
A.
>
(D)
B.
SET010000001724
N
17.
What is the correct parts description list of this pressurised
filter ?
(A)
1 = Top plate, 2 = Mesh cloth, 3 = Housing.
>
(B)
1 = Filter cover, 2 = Ribbed filter cartridge, 3 = Filter body.
(C)
1 = Filter top, 2 = Filter cloth, 3 = Housing body.
(D)
1 = Top cover, 2 = Element, 3 = Cast body.
VIDTLHKUPSKC7UA
N
18.
In the pump illustrated what separates the suction and
discharge pressures?
(A)
The pump body cover seal.
(B)
The pump body seal.
(C)
The mechanical seal.
>
(D)
The mouth ring.
STCW2Z1RS75L309
N
19.
Where would you always find Screw Down Non-Return
valves fitted?
(A)
As fuel tank valves.
(B)
As fire main isolating valves.
(C)
As ballast tank valves.
>
(D)
As bilge suction valves.
SET010000002631
N
20.
What is Part No. 5 called ?
(A)
The volute chamber.
>
(B)
The nozzle securing screw.
(C)
The flange ring.
(D)
The drain screw.
SET010000002628
N
21.
What is Part No. 1 called ?
122

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(A)
The nozzle.
(B)
The diffusor.
(C)
The sprayer.
(D)
The ejector.
STCW2QLEQLUD3E
N
22.
Under what circumstance may untreated bilges be
discharged overboard in 'Special Areas'?
K
(A)
When proceeding Full Ahead.
>
(B)
Only in a case of emergency.
(C)
If the bilges are only to be lowered and not pumped right out.
(D)
During the hours of darkness.
SPECTY8Y6B21LFH
N
23.
What is the minimum distance a ship must be from land
before it is allowed to discharge
untreated sewage?
(A)
3 nautical miles
(B)
9 nautical miles
(C)
6 nautical miles
>
(D)
12 nautical miles
SET010000001748
N
24.
In what kind of piping would you find this type of filter ?
(A)
In bilge piping.
>
(B)
In fuel oil piping.
(C)
In starting air piping.
(D)
In sea water piping.
STCW2VYZZVTSJJ9
N
25.
What would be the main reason for a centrifugal pump's
performance deteriorating over
(A)
Wear of the gland neck bush.
(B)
Wear of the pump housing.
(C)
Cavitation of the impeller.
>
(D)
Excessive wear between impeller and wear ring.
STCW27RY2JUNJH
N
26.
In a reciprocating pump what would NOT cause of loss of
vacuum?
(A)
Leaking suction/delivery valves.
(B)
Leaking piston rod gland.
>
(C)
Priming pump malfunction.
(D)
Worn cylinder liner or bucket rings.
SET010000002629
N
27.
Which part is the diffusor ?
(A)
Part 1.
(B)
Part 2.
(C)
Part 4.
>
(D)
Part 3.
SET010000002102
N
28.
What is item No. 1 of this type of pump lay-out ?
(A)
The pump coupling unit.
>
(B)
The intermediate shaft assembly.
(C)
The pump driving arrangement.
(D)
The pump shafting system.
STCW2G7BZ1BZ134
N
29.
If the priming pump was not working how could a vacuum
be raised on a centrifugal pump?
>
(A)
Starting the pump with the sea suction valve open.
(B)
Starting the pump with the discharge valve open.
(C)
Starting the pump with the suction valve closed.
(D)
Filling the pump by hand.
SPECT6WCXJ2EOU
N
30.
Which MARPOL Annex relates to the sewage system?
123

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


R
(A)
(B)
(C)
>

II
III
VI
(D)

IV

(4) The right answer will have a ">" to the left of the option letter
Print 11-Feb-2014 12:55
p.m.
SET010000002106
N
31.
If you need to replace the mechanical seal on this pump,
which parts would you dismantle
and remove in order to give access to the seal ?
(A)
Remove motor and intermediate shaft, remove shaft flange.
(B)
Remove intermediate shaft and shaft flange, take out pump assembly.
>
(C)
Remove pump casing half, release coupling and take out pump assembly.
(D)
Remove motor stool with motor and intermediate shaft complete..
SET010000001742
N
32.
What kind of valve is this ?
>
(A)
A gear operated butterfly valve.
(B)
A worm wheel operated gate valve.
(C)
A manually operated butterfly valve.
(D)
A gear operated gate valve.
SET010000002562
N
33.
What is part number 3 in this drawing ?
(A)
A bearing.
(B)
A cooling pipe.
>
(C)
The gland packing.
(D)
The stuffing box.
SET010000002560
N
34.
What is part number 1 in this drawing ?
>
(A)
A ball bearing.
(B)
The pump shaft.
(C)
An end cover.
(D)
A seal ring.
SET010000001722
N
35.
What ensures the tightness of the filter cover (1) to the
filter body (3) ?
(A)
The clamp on top of the filter cover.
(B)
The vacuum created in the filter.
>
(C)
The gasket pressed down by the filter cover's clamp.
(D)
The filter's gasket.
SPECTTL3AVO58W
N
36.
Each completed page of the Oil Record Book must be
signed by:
(A)
the Chief Engineer.
(B)
the Chief Officer
(C)
the Officer of the Watch.
>
(D)
the Master.
STCW26ADYEGACB
N
37.
What service are centrifugal pumps most suitable for?
V
>
(A)
Where liquids are not excessively viscous.
(B)
Where liquids are extremely viscous.
(C)
Where there is a high air content.
(D)
Where the liquid has a high temperature.
SPECTLX826WOMH
N
38.
For how long after the date of the last entry must the
garbage record book be kept?
(A)
3 years
(B)
4 years
124

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(C)
1 year
>
(D)
2 years
STCW2Z7BMO5O87
N
39.
After gear pump re-assembly what must be checked?
>
(A)
Direction of rotation is correct.
(B)
Discharge valve is open.
(C)
Suction valve is open.
(D)
Gland is not tight.
SPECTVJSBZP5136
N
40.
Which of the items listed should not be put into lavatories
on board?
(A)
Cigarette ends and packets
>
(B)
All the above
(C)
Female sanitary products
(D)
Condoms
STCW2N3JA77H3E8
N
41.
In thermodynamic terms what is a 'perfect fluid'.
>
(A)
Fluid that remains unchanged through a working cycle.
(B)
Fluid that exhibits similar characteristics to fuel/air mixture.
(C)
A fluid that cannot be compressed.
(D)
An inert gas.
SET010000002099
N
42.
What is part No. 1 of this pump ?
>
(A)
A metallic type mechanical seal.
(B)
Main shaft locating bush.
(C)
Main shaft bearing.
(D)
The shaft locking collar.
STCW28WZ70H9J4I
N
43.
How are cargo hold bilge wells covered to prevent solids
from entering them?
(A)
There is no covering.
(B)
By steel grid plates bolted in place.
(C)
By very fine mesh grids.
>
(D)
By perforated plating.
STCW2TPB5JUI4AT
N
44.
For which service would a gear pump be most suitable?
(A)
Boiler feed water supply.
(B)
Bilge pumping.
(C)
Engine cooling water circulating.
>
(D)
Engine lub oil pressure supply.
STCW2UKZK1YKTH
N
45.
If the valve wheel of an extended spindle valve is free, but
the valve does not seem to be not
moving, what would you check first?
(A)
To see if there is excess pressure on the valve.
(B)
To check that the valve is not broken.
>
(C)
To see if the valve spindle is being turned.
(D)
Whether the valve is dirty.
SET010000002566
N
46.
What is shown here?
>
(A)
A Non return valve.
(B)
A Triple flushing valve.
(C)
A Dynamic valve.
(D)
A Two way valve.
SPECT1G7BJZL8RV
N
47.
Information about the maximum weight and volume per
charge recommended for your
incinerator can be found in:
(A)
the type approval certificate.
>
(B)
the manufacturer's manual.
125

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
the Garbage Record Book.
(D)
MARPOL Annex V.
SET010000001725
N
48.
What kind of valve is this ?
(A)
A high pressure stop valve.
(B)
A high pressure control valve.
>
(C)
A fixed non-return valve or check valve.
(D)
A screw-down non-return valve.
SET010000002104
N
49.
How is the vertical clearance of the impeller in this pump
casing adjusted ?
(A)
By fitting shims on pump impeller.
(B)
By fitting shims between motor shaft and intermediate shaft.
>
(C)
By adjusting distance/ height by screwed connection 2 on shaft.
(D)
By fitting shims in coupled part, item No 2 on shaft.
SET010000001726
N
50.
If the diameter of this valve is 60 mm on it's inner seat,
what is the minimum fixed lift height
(A)
20 mm.
(B)
10 mm.
(C)
12.5 mm.
>
(D)
15 mm.
STCW21LIR45PYBF
N
51.
Why is an isolating valve fitted on the fire main from the
engine room?
(A)
To isolate the pump for repairs.
>
(B)
To isolate the engine room and enable the emergency fire pump to supply
the deck.
(C)
In case there is a fire restricted to the engine room.
(D)
To maintain pressure on the fire main with the pump not running.
SET010000001958
N
52.
Here are some capacities of sea water pumps. Which
pump would be the Fire and Ballast
Pump ?
>
(A)
110/410 m3/hour x 70/35 metres.
(B)
410 m3/hour x 20 metres.
(C)
140 m3/hour x 30 metres.
(D)
40 m3/hour x 55 metres.
SET010000001916
N
53.
What would happen if the cooling water is shut off the
atmospheric condenser?
(A)
Steam will blow from the air vent.
(B)
Overpressure will occur in the condenser.
>
(C)
All of the given options.
(D)
The hot well will steam up.
SET010000002093
N
54.
What is the purpose of item No4, fitted to this pump ?
>
(A)
It is a delivery control valve.
(B)
It is a balance valve.
(C)
It is a filter.
(D)
It is a bleed-off valve.
STCW21151AEHHG
N
55.
What is the usual method of reducing delivery pressure on
a gear pump?
(A)
By throttling the suction valve.
>
(B)
By adjusting the internal spring loaded pressure relief valve.
(C)
By throttling the discharge valve.
(D)
By fitting an orifice in the discharge line.
STCW2ATO66S45X
N
56.
How does a 'quick closing' valve operate?
126

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
An independent mechanism closes the valve.
(B)
A retaining collar is released allowing the valve to close.
(C)
The valve can only be opened and closed hydraulically.
>
(D)
The valve bridge is collapsed remotely allowing the valve to close.
SET010000002563
N
57.
What is part number 4 in this drawing ?
(A)
The pump body.
(B)
A cooling pipe.
(C)
The connecting rod.
>
(D)
The pump rotor.
SET010000001710
N
58.
What are items "V" ?
(A)
Vacuum suction boxes.
(B)
Straight bilge gate valves.
(C)
Vacuum flap valves.
>
(D)
Non-return screw down valves.
SPECTA6YS0WXK4
N
59.
Which is the final stage of treatment in an extended
aeration plant?
(A)
Aeration
(B)
Settling
>
(C)
Chlorination
(D)
Settling combined with Aeration
STCW2AVV4EL22O
N
60.
Where would you find a duplex filter unit?
(A)
In bilge piping.
>
(B)
In fuel oil piping.
(C)
In starting air piping.
(D)
In sea water piping.
STCW2C4LQO0U3M N
61.
What maximum oil content must oil/water separators
generally discharge?
U
(A)
100ppm.
(B)
500ppm.
(C)
1000ppm.
>
(D)
50ppm.
SET010000002625
N
62.
Which is the outlet ?
(A)
C.
(B)
D.
>
(C)
A.
(D)
B.
SET010000001740
N
63.
Where are you most likely to find this kind of valve fitted ?
>
(A)
On sea chests.
(B)
On ballast lines.
(C)
In diesel engine starting air lines.
(D)
On refrigerating machinery.
SET010000000884
N
64.
What part number is the pump shaft ?
(A)
Number 4.
>
(B)
Number 2.
(C)
Number 5.
(D)
Number 1.
STCW2TRVPZBHIW
N
65.
What are gauze element filters designed to remove?
>
(A)
Coarse solids.
(B)
Fine non-metallic solids.
(C)
Metallic particles.
(D)
Water and sludge.
127

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STCW2EJ9SIKB96W
N
66.
Before loosening pump covers how should the pressure be
checked?
(A)
Remove drain plug.
>
(B)
Open and check vents are clear.
(C)
Checking the pressure gauge.
(D)
Remove cover slowly.
STCW2P52OSYQFF
N
67.
When would the main sea circulating system high sea
suction valves be used?
M
(A)
When the ship is in polluted waters.
(B)
When the ship is deeply laden at sea.
(C)
When the ship is in ballast condition.
>
(D)
When the ship is in shallow water.
SET010000002626
N
68.
What is the component shown here ?
(A)
A Constructor.
>
(B)
An Ejector.
(C)
An Injector.
(D)
A Defector.
SET010000001727
N
69.
What is the purpose of the screw cap (1) in the picture ?
(A)
To adjust the valve down if it is heard banging.
>
(B)
To adjust the valve lift.
(C)
To access the valve.
(D)
To manually close the valve.
SET010000000573
N
70.
Which way will fluid pass through this valve ?
(A)
From A to C.
>
(B)
From A to B.
(C)
In either direction.
(D)
From B to A.
STCW2BMCN5NA4B N
71.
What would happen if a centrifugal pump priming pump
had no water?
(A)
Pump would not maintain a vacuum when running.
(B)
Pump would run hot.
>
(C)
Pump would not prime.
(D)
Delivery pressure would be low.
STCW2J6VKPM2L7
N
72.
What could cause overheating after pump overhaul if it is
verified that assembly is correct?
(A)
The pump is not bled off properly.
(B)
Obstruction on the discharge side.
>
(C)
Tightness of the shaft.
(D)
Insufficient liquid supply to the pump.
STCW28U7VESXWJ
N
73.
What maximum oil content may be discharged overboard
in 'Special Areas'?
(A)
No oil content is permissable.
(B)
50ppm.
>
(C)
15ppm.
(D)
25ppm.
SET010000001069
N
74.
What is part number 1 ?
(A)
The fresh water pump.
(B)
The thermostat pump.
(C)
The salt water generator.
>
(D)
The fresh water generator.
128

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SET010000002518
N
75.
In which pipe lines would you expect to find an illuminated
sight glass?
(A)
Fresh water return piping and condensate line.
(B)
Sea water lines to overboard.
>
(C)
Tank overflow lines.
(D)
Lube oil pump discharge lines.
SET010000002097
N
76.
What are items No. 2 of this pump ?
>
(A)
The driven end bearings.
(B)
Shaft collars.
(C)
The shaft locating collars.
(D)
The shaft seals.
SET010000001645
N
77.
What type of pump is the pump "P" ?
(A)
A vane pump.
(B)
A piston pump.
>
(C)
A gear or worm wheel pump.
(D)
A centrifugal pump.
SET010000002564
N
78.
What is part number 5 in this drawing ?
(A)
The pressure relief valve.
>
(B)
The end cover.
(C)
The bearing holder.
(D)
The shaft seal.

SET010000002103
N
79.
What is item No. 4 on this pump assembly ?
(A)
The reinforcement frame.
>
(B)
The motor stool.
(C)
The outer casing.
(D)
The pump top casing assembly.
STCW22JEK1C5DZC
N
80.
What is the most common cause of failure of reciprocating
bilge pumps?
>
(A)
Debris holding suction or delivery valves open.
(B)
Malfunctioning priming pump.
(C)
Leaking piston rod gland.
(D)
Worn cylinder liner or bucket rings.
STCW2ORZDNB1EE
N
81.
What is the purpose of the Oil Record Book?
S
(A)
To record fuel consumption.
>
(B)
To record all fuel bunkered and bilge discharges.
(C)
To record oily bilge levels.
(D)
To record quantity of fuel onboard.
STCW2OD2ADGF9C
N
82.
Worm and worm wheel distinguish between what pump
components?
D
(A)
The rounded and the bellow gear.
(B)
The tangential gear and the straight shaft gear.
>
(C)
The driving and driven shaft gears.
(D)
The long shaft gear and the stub shaft gear.
SET010000002561
N
83.
What is part number 2 in this drawing ?
(A)
The pump shaft.
(B)
The distance piece.
>
(C)
The connecting rod.
(D)
The cam shaft.
129

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STCW2TQSJ9A4716
N
84.
What advantage does the gate valve have over globe
valves?
(A)
Low maintenance.
(B)
Can be throttled.
(C)
Positive closing action.
>
(D)
No flow obstruction when fully open.
SPECTR2N1YXU7G
N
85.
Which MARPOL Annex relates to the discharge of garbage?
(A)
VI
(B)
IV
(C)
II
>
(D)
V
SET010000002095
N
86.
When pumping cold oil with this pump, what precaution
would you take?
(A)
Throttle the suction valve.
(B)
Throttle the discharge valve.
>
(C)
Scew back the spring pressure on the pressure regulating valve.
(D)
Start/stop the pump frequently.
SET010000001719
N
87.
What is item "S" ?
(A)
The automatic 15 ppm shut-down valve.
(B)
The sea suction valve of the pump.
(C)
A shut-off valve.
>
(D)
A mesh type strainer.
SET010000001749
N
88.
What is the purpose of the drain cock (3) on this filter ?
(A)
To take samples of the liquid.
>
(B)
To drain out the collected water.
(C)
To drain the dirt out of the filter basket.
(D)
To drain the filter before cleaning.
STCW2MU4XFZCJW
N
89.
When starting a centrifugal pump what condition would be
adopted to reduce the initial
U
(A)
Suction and discharge valves closed.
(B)
The suction valve throttled.
(C)
The suction valve closed.
>
(D)
The discharge valve closed.
SPECT6YDZAXJH1C
N
90.
Very rarely, someone may have to go inside the plant for
maintenance. If so:
(A)
the Master should be consulted.
(B)
the Chief engineer should be consulted.
>
(C)
a proper risk assessment should be undertaken first.
(D)
Head office should give permission.
STCW29NSOSXFQ1
N
91.
What type of valve is fitted to cargo bilge lines at the
Engine Room bulkhead?
G
(A)
Gate valves.
(B)
Butterfly valves.
>
(C)
Non-return screw down valves.
(D)
Screw lift valves.
SET010000001685
N
92.
How is heavy fuel oil from the deeptank transferred to the
bunker ?
(A)
Via main bunker valve "B.V." to transfer pump "Tp".
(B)
Via suction valve "S", the transfer pump, to discharge valve "D".
130

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(C)
Via own pumps "P1" and "P2" to transfer pump "Tp".
>
(D)
Via own pumps "P1" and "P2", the main bunker valve "BV" to valve "D".
SET010000002617
N
93.
What type of pump is shown here?
>
(A)
A centrifugal pump.
(B)
A piston pump.
(C)
A vane pump.
(D)
A screw pump.
SET010000001956
N
94.
What type of filters are fitted to the high and low sea chest
suction lines ?
>
(A)
Perforated plate filters.
(B)
Backflow filters.
(C)
Mesh wire filters.
(D)
Ball flush filters.
STCW2439HJ081U2
N
95.
On a centrifugal pump what would happen if the priming
pump float valve stuck in the closed
position?
(A)
Priming pump would run hot.
(B)
Pump would not deliver pressure.
>
(C)
Pump would not prime.
(D)
Pump would run hot.
STCW2UBA8BSKQX
N
96.
When on passage, what should be the condition of the fire
main?
N
(A)
Drained and empty to prevent leakage at hydrants.
(B)
Pressurised at all times.
(C)
All pump and isolating valves closed.
>
(D)
Sea suction and fire main discharge valves open ready to pressurise the
main when
the fire pump is started.
SET010000001796
N
97.
This in terms of overall pump performance, what is the
most important negative effect if an
impeller wear ring (No 6) is worn excessively ?
>
(A)
The pumping efficiency deteriorates, less output.
(B)
The pump starts vibrating, bearing damage will occur.
(C)
The pump will absorb excessive power, motor overload.
(D)
The housing will be attacked by cavitation.
SET010000003088
N
98.
When taking over the engine room watch, what should
you look for on all operating worm
wheel or gear type pumps ?
(A)
The pressure relief valve setting.
(B)
Free movement of the by-pass valve.
(C)
The pump casing temperature.
>
(D)
Vibration and noise free operation.
SET010000001795
N
99.
What are items No. 2 and No. 6 called ?
(A)
Impeller support rings.
>
(B)
Impeller wear rings.
(C)
Bearing sleeves.
(D)
Water throwing seals.
SET010000001713
N
100. If you find it difficult to obtain suction whilst pumping bilge
well "A" which of the following
actions would you take ?
>
(A)
All of these options.
131

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(B)
Check that strainer cover of well "A" is not leaking.
(C)
Check that bilge well valves "B","C" and "D" are properly closed.
(D)
Prime the pump with sea water.
SET010000001721
N
101. Which is the correct parts description list of this suction
filter ?
(A)
1 = Top cover , 2 = Filter, 3 = Cast steel pressure body.
>
(B)
1 = Filter cover, 2 = Filter mesh element, 3 = Filter body.
(C)
1 = Body cover, 2 = Cartridge, 3 = Cartridge housing.
(D)
1 = Top sealing plate, 2 = Filter element, 3 = Cast Iron body.
SET010000002114
N
102. On a reciprocating pump piston, the rings are made of
material with low elastic limit such
as hard rubber, Bakelite etc. In order to be able to fit them in the piston grooves you will
need to ..............
(A)
apply grease or vaseline to slide the rings on.
(B)
put them on top of the boiler casing to warm up.
(C)
use a special sliding tool.
>
(D)
heat them in boiling water for 20 to 30 minutes.
SET010000002098
N
103. What are items No. 6 on this pump ?
(A)
The thrust plates.
(B)
The shaft plates.
(C)
The axial plummer pads.
>
(D)
The shaft bearings.
SET010000002623
N
104. What is shown in this drawing ?
>
(A)
A centrifugal pump.
(B)
A vane pump.
(C)
A centrifugal compressor.
(D)
A screw pump.
STCW2W0PBEC0NP
N
105. From the following pump capacities, which would be most
suitable for the domestic fresh
U
water system?
>
(A)
5 m3/hour x 50 metres.
(B)
0.5 m3/hour x 40 metres.
(C)
20 m3/hour x 25 metres.
(D)
40 m3/hour x 55 metres.
STCW2DN933WP0V N
106. What is the purpose of a cofferdam?
P
>
(A)
To provide a barrier space between tanks containing different liquids.
(B)
As a collection space for leaking pipe work.
(C)
As a watertight barrier.
(D)
As an emergency storage space for bilge water.
SET010000001720
N
107. What is shown here ?
(A)
A centrifugal filter.
>
(B)
A seawater, basket suction strainer.
(C)
A Lubricating Oil pressure line filter.
(D)
A Fuel Oil pressure line filter.
STCW2URPSZFNAS
N
108. What pollution certification must deep-sea vessels
possess?
D
(A)
MCA pollution certificate.
(B)
Safety Construction certificate.
(C)
Lloyd's Machinery survey certificate.
>
(D)
IOPP certificate.
132

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STCW2VFAXM6ANH N
109. According to regulations, on board ships it is necessary to
have PUMP REDUNDANCY.
K
What does this mean?
(A)
A stand-by pump must be available for each pump separately.
(B)
Two identical pumps must be fitted for each circuit.
>
(C)
All essential pumps in the engine room have a back-up possibility.
(D)
All pumps in the engine room are duplicated.
SET010000001728
N
110. Which types of tank gauging are fitted here, if: 1 = Float
reading on the tank, 2 = Measure
tape reading, 3 = Sight glass reading, 4 = Distance reading, 5 = Pneumatic gauging.?
>
(A)
1, 2 and 3.
(B)
2, 3 and 5.
(C)
2, 3 and 4.
(D)
1, 3 and 5.
SPECTY8EUPUY4E
N
111. Which country insists on chlorination?
>
(A)
Korea
(B)
Canada
(C)
USA
(D)
Japan
STCW2QP90GDVIB
N
112. Why does the fluid pass through the valve from beneath
the valve lid?
(A)
There is less scouring of the valve seat at partial openings.
>
(B)
With the valve closed the delivery pressure is isolated from the gland.
(C)
There is less restriction to flow in this direction.
(D)
The valve is easier to open.
SET010000002112
N
113. If it is noted after overhaul that the pump bearings
overheat and it is verified that it is
correctly assembled and no parts are touching, the reason could be................
(A)
that the pump is not bled off properly.
>
(B)
misalignment of the shaft.
(C)
an obstruction on the discharge side.
(D)
there is insufficient liquid supply to the pump.
SET010000001688
N
114. Which valve in the engine room must be kept closed if no
bunker operations or transfer from
the deep tanks are taking place ?
>
(A)
Valve "BV".
(B)
The settling tank valve.
(C)
Valve "S".
(D)
Valve "D".
SET010000002621
N
115. What is the purpose of Part No. 4 ?
(A)
To support the shaft.
(B)
To prevent liquid moving upward.
>
(C)
To hold the impeller and connect the motor.
(D)
To support the impeller.
SET010000001971
N
116. What kind of heat exchanger is drawn here ?
(A)
A finned bank block heat exchanger.
(B)
A plate battery heat exchanger.
>
(C)
A double flow or loop flow tube heat exchanger.
(D)
A single flow pipe tube heat exchanger.
SET010000002107
N
117. When starting a centrifugal pump, in order to reduce the
initial power surge, you should
133

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


start the pump with ..............
(A)
throttled discharge valves.
(B)
the suction valve closed.
>
(C)
the discharge valve closed.
(D)
throttled suction valve.
STCW21QHF1FFK3
N
118. What would loss of vacuum indicate on a bilge pump?
>
(A)
Bilge empty.
(B)
Pump impeller choked.
(C)
Discharge valve closed.
(D)
Suction strainer blocked.
SPECTKI71LJT5IC
N
119. What is the minimum distance a ship must be from land
before it is allowed to discharge
comminuted and disinfected sewage?
(A)
9 nautical miles
>
(B)
3 nautical miles
(C)
12 nautical miles
(D)
6 nautical miles
STCW2G8G3BOY5O
N
120. What is the most obvious reason for drop in electrical load
on a ballast pump?
(A)
Tank being transferred into is full.
(B)
Malfunction of the electrical motor.
>
(C)
Pump no longer pumping liquid.
(D)
Malfunction of the pump.
STCW259DYU9WUX N
121. What item is essential to be fitted to a gear pump?
2
(A)
Non-return discharge valve.
(B)
Non-return suction valve.
(C)
Pressure adjusting valve.
>
(D)
Pressure relief valve.
SPECTSTQJ1R0Y30
N
122. Oil and water separate because of differences in:
(A)
temperature.
(B)
all the above.
>
(C)
specific gravity.
(D)
viscosity.
STCW28U95F5WXT
N
123. If when in port there is an urgent requirement to pump
bilge water from the vessel, what
would you do?
>
(A)
Pump the bilges only to a shore or barge reception facility.
(B)
Lower the bilges only during night time.
(C)
Pump bilges in a dirty oil tank or sludge tank and note in logbook.
(D)
Pump the bilges over the sides via the oily water separator.
STCW2HTX3FFUCU
N
124. Where what be the most likely service for a multi stage
centrifugal pump?
(A)
Fuel oil transfer.
(B)
Bilge and ballast.
>
(C)
Boiler feed pump.
(D)
Hydraulic winch power pack.
SET010000001686
N
125. What is the name and function of the gate valve "BV" ?
(A)
Bunker valve, separates suction and discharge manifold.
(B)
Main bunker valve, separates double bottom tanks.
>
(C)
Main bunker valve, separates bunker manifold from Engine Room.
(D)
Bunker valve, separates bunker manifold from deeptank.
134

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STCW2RADQHKGU
N
126. What would you do on first starting a gear pump if
pumping cold oil?
CR
>
(A)
Ease off the spring loaded pressure relief valve.
(B)
Start the pump with valves closed and gradually open.
(C)
Start/stop the pump frequently.
(D)
Throttle the suction valve.
SPECT896SE3X34R
N
127. When garbage is incinerated you must record:
(A)
the category of garbage.
(B)
an estimate of the quantity in cubic metres.
>
(C)
all the above.
(D)
the date and time.
SET010000001736
N
128. What type of valve is shown here ?
(A)
A check valve.
(B)
A gate valve.
>
(C)
A screw-lift valve.
(D)
A non-return valve.
SET010000000881
N
129. What is part number 5 ?
>
(A)
The motor shaft.
(B)
The pressure outlet.
(C)
An air seal.
(D)
The pump shaft.
SET010000001745
N
130. Where is this type of valve usually found ?
(A)
In piping of high pressure but limited flow.
(B)
In piping of low pressure and low flow.
>
(C)
In piping with large flow but low pressure.
(D)
In piping of high pressure and large flow.
SET010000004552
N
131. Which of the following is the correct name for a void space
between two tanks carrying
different liquids ?
>
(A)
A cofferdam.
(B)
A deep tank.
(C)
A bilge.
(D)
A drain tank.
SET010000001739
N
132. What type of valve is shown here ?
(A)
A 90 degree gate valve.
(B)
An angle screw lift valve.
>
(C)
An angle screw-down valve (non return).
(D)
A 90 degree check stop valve.
SET010000001737
N
133. What is this unit called ?
(A)
A mechanical shaft seal.
(B)
A segmented seal unit.
(C)
A flexible type rotating packing assembly.
>
(D)
A shaft seal gland and packing.
SET010000001687
N
134. How is the free flow of HFO in the bunker tanks
maintained when the external temperature
drops below it's pour point ?
>
(A)
By heating the oil with steam via steam coils or steam banks.
(B)
By circulating it with the transfer pump.
(C)
By always ensuring that warm oil is bunkered.
(D)
By transferring it on time to the HFO settling tank.
135

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SET010000003111
N
135. Oil purifiers can be used for purifying as well as for
clarifying operations. The purifying
operation is referred to as..........
>
(A)
a 3-phase separating operation of light liquid, heavy liquid and solids
(water, oil, dirt).
(B)
the separation of solids from oils with the use of a water barrier seal and is called a
two-phase operation.
(C)
the separation of solids from liquids and is called a single phase operation.
(D)
the separation of light liquids from heavy liquids, (oil from water) and is called a
two-phase operation.
STCW2GIHK1G3SP
N
136. Why are conventional strainers not fitted in the cargo hold
bilge wells?
(A)
Because the cargo holds are cleaner than the engine room.
>
(B)
Because they are inaccessible when cargo is loaded.
(C)
They would restrict the pumping of bilge wells.
(D)
Because they might be damaged during loading and discharging.
SET010000002609
N
137. What is part No. 1 ?
(A)
Shaft locking ring.
>
(B)
The mechanical seal.
(C)
The water throw ring.
(D)
The pump bearing.
STCW2TVPT0GHXQ
N
138. What is the most commonly used packing for valve spindle
glands?
T
(A)
Carbon sealing rings.
(B)
Mechanical shaft seal.
(C)
Preformed lip seals
>
(D)
Soft gland packing.
STCW2J1GZLBOBR
N
139. Where can wear most affect efficiency in a gear pump?
(A)
Shaft wear at gland.
(B)
Gear backlash.
(C)
In the gear shaft bearings.
>
(D)
Casing/end gear clearance.
SPECT7LHRPIEBFA
N
140. Which of the sources listed is not one that is a concern in
terms of oily water pollution?
(A)
Condensation from the charge air cooler
(B)
A hose bursting
(C)
A flange leaking during bunkering
>
(D)
Galley wastes
SET010000001683
N
141. What do you call the tanks in which heavy fuel oil is stored
on board ?
>
(A)
Heavy fuel oil bunker tanks.
(B)
Heavy fuel oil daily tanks.
(C)
Heavy fuel oil settling tanks.
(D)
Heavy fuel oil tanks.
SET010000002559
N
142. What is the component shown here ?
(A)
A centrifugal pump.
(B)
A piston pump.
>
(C)
A rotor screw pump.
(D)
A screw compressor.
136

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STCW2XE76EOI1O
N
143. How is air leakage into the packing gland of a condensate
pump is prevented?
(A)
Special packing in the stuffing box.
(B)
The air pump fitted to the pump.
>
(C)
A water seal line to the packing gland.
(D)
An air seal line from the compressed airline.
SET010000002613
N
144. What are the two main items in this drawing ?
(A)
A compressor and an electric motor.
(B)
An electric motor and a screw pump.
(C)
A hydraulic motor and a pump.
>
(D)
A centrifugal pump and an electric motor.
STCW2QJHYG5RB1
N
145. What happens if the separator oil content exceeds the
equipment allowable level?
(A)
A visible alarm.
(B)
The discharge is dumped to the bilge.
(C)
An audible alarm.
>
(D)
The pump is stopped and an alarm sounds.
SET010000002620
N
146. What is part No. 3 ?
(A)
The impeller securing nut.
(B)
The lower shaft seal.
(C)
The lower shaft bush.
>
(D)
The Impeller securing washer.
SET010000001723
N
147. What type of filter is shown here ?
(A)
A suction wire mesh filter.
>
(B)
A cartridge type pressure line filter.
(C)
A magnetic filter.
(D)
A rotating filter.
SET010000002622
N
148. What is Part No. 6 ?
(A)
The impeller blade.
(B)
The diffuser vanes.
>
(C)
The impeller wear ring.
(D)
The thrust washer.
STCW2XP2IA4ID8B
N
149. Where is it necessary to use Screw Lift Valves?
(A)
Bilge line valves.
>
(B)
Ballast tank valves.
(C)
Main sea suction valves.
(D)
Fuel tank valves.
STCW25OR9W5DQH N
150. In a centrifugal general service pump how are suction and
discharge sections separated?
7
(A)
Mechanical garter spring seals.
(B)
Neoprene lip seals.
(C)
Labyrinth seals.
>
(D)
Machineable sealing rings.
STCW2CY8O0FDLK
N
151. What material are large tube, heat exchanger covers
manufactured from?
>
(A)
Cast iron.
(B)
Bronze.
(C)
Alloy steel.
(D)
Cast steel.
STCW2AY3UXD7TD
N
152. If a serious cavitation problem is experienced effecting the
pump casing and impeller badly,
137

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


the shape and design of which pump part could be altered and why?
>
(A)
The shape of the impeller to decrease capacity.
(B)
The shape of the outlet pipe to dampen turbulence.
(C)
The shape of the mouth ring to extend it and avoid turbulence.
(D)
The shape of the inlet piping to smooth the flow into the impeller.
SPECT9GGP1YMKP
N
153. Why are anaerobic bacteria not desirable in a sewage
system?
(A)
They are not killed off by the chlorinator.
(B)
They produce a foul smell
(C)
They are not very efficient.
>
(D)
They can produce toxic or flammable gases.
SET010000001712
N
154. What type of pump do you think is used for the purpose
shown here ?
>
(A)
A piston pump.
(B)
A worm wheel pump.
(C)
A gear pump.
(D)
A vane pump.
STCW2FH2LZO0Y7
N
155. What capacity would you consider most suitable for a
ballast pump?
(A)
10 to 15 cubic metres/hour.
(B)
25 to 50 cubic metres/hour.
(C)
20 to 30 cubic metres/hour.
>
(D)
100 to 150 cubic metres/hour.
SPECT6KUZH4YRV
N
156. Why are domestic cleaners used on shore not suitable for
cleaning toilets on board?
(A)
They are too expensive
(B)
They are not strong enough
(C)
They damage the marine environment
>
(D)
They would kill the bacteria on which the plant depends
STCW2MBQTO841
N
157. When assembling an "Endless Screw" type pump what
results from insufficient axial or
QG
radial clearance?
(A)
The pump will not pump.
(B)
The shaft seal will loosen due to vibrations.
>
(C)
Pump will draw more load and quickly overheat.
(D)
The pump will not deliver correct pressure.
STCW2QW0YDLNKD N
158. What is the first check if difficulty is encountered when
pumping bilges if the suction gauge
0
reading is high?
(A)
Open the sea suction valve to prime pump.
>
(B)
Check suction strainers and valves.
(C)
Clean the oil/water separator.
(D)
Inspect pump internals for wear.
SET010000001797
N
159. What type of centrifugal pump is shown here ?
(A)
Multi-stage, medium speed.
(B)
Floating, self balancing, single stage.
(C)
Self priming, single stage, high speed.
>
(D)
Single stage, high speed.
VIDTLJC1VVJ0UYF
N
160. What must be fitted to the discharge of the pump in the
drawing?
>
(A)
Pressure relief valve.
(B)
Non return discharge valve.
138

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
Leak-off connection to cool the shaft gland.
(D)
Manual by-pass valve.
STCW27HXI79MT7
N
161. Where would you find a thermostatic control valve?
(A)
In a fuel oil system.
(B)
In an engine lub oil system.
(C)
In hydraulic ring main supply system.
>
(D)
In an engine jacket water cooling system.
SET010000000880
N
162. What is part number 4 ?
(A)
A vent screw.
(B)
A drain screw.
>
(C)
A cover securing screw.
(D)
A pressure adjuster.
STCW2CNNAAMRD
N
163. If the centrifugal pump delivery pressure is low which
would NOT be the cause?
YU
>
(A)
Excessive neck bush/shaft clearance.
(B)
Worn impeller.
(C)
Excessive impeller/wear ring clearance.
(D)
Choked impeller.
SET010000001798
N
164. What do you think would be the RPM of the electric motor
driving this pump (Frequency on
board is 60 Hz) ?
(A)
About 1500 RPM.
(B)
About 1150 RPM.
(C)
About 870 RPM.
>
(D)
About 2300 RPM.
SPECTVO5JMCHM9
N
165. MARPOL Annex IV applies to ships below 400 gross tons if
they are certified to carry more
than:
>
(A)
15 people.
(B)
12 people.
(C)
10 people.
(D)
20 people.
SPECTVDZSTUZTT
N
166. Which of the impurities listed may prevent the OWS or the
OCM from working properly?
(A)
Soot
>
(B)
All the above
(C)
Rust
(D)
Paint chippings
STCW2NGYQVCY24
N
167. Reciprocating pumps are most suited to pumping which
medium?
F
(A)
Liquids mixed with solids.
(B)
Transferring liquids at very high flow rates.
(C)
Pumping liquids against a high head pressure.
>
(D)
Liquids having high air content.
SET010000000882
N
168. What is part number 6 ?
(A)
An inspection plug.
(B)
A pressure adjusting scew.
>
(C)
A drain plug.
(D)
A sacrificial anode.
139

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STCW2FU8Q39H4W N
169. What generator cooling is sometimes used during drydocking?
E
>
(A)
Circulating fore or aft peak tanks.
(B)
Circulating fresh water tanks.
(C)
Ballast pumps.
(D)
Ship's sanitary system.
SET010000001711
N
170. What are items "S" and what is their purpose ?
>
(A)
Strainers to stop dirt from entering the bilge system.
(B)
Suction valves to pump the wells.
(C)
Suction boxes to retain priming water.
(D)
Elephant shoe to facilitate bilge pumping.
EO-08-Main Propulsion Turbines and Boilers
Question Code Question
SET010000001875
N
1.
Name the two (2) different lubrication oil circuits of a
steam turbine ?
(A)
The reduction gear oil / The turbine shaft bearing oil.
(B)
The thrust bearing and shaft circuit. / The front and governor circuit.
>
(C)
The bearing and gear oil circuit / The governor oil circuit.
(D)
The front bearing circuit/ The rear bearing circuit.
SET010000004671
N
2.
Superheated steam is steam ......................
(A)
that is mixed with water vapour.
(B)
that can be used for heating the accommodation.
>
(C)
that has been heated until it is "dry".
(D)
that has been condensed.
SET010000004635
N
3.
In a modern steam turbine, steam is prevented from
leaking along the shaft by
(A)
the blading.
>
(B)
a labyrinth seal.
(C)
the inlet nozzle.
(D)
high temperature packing.
SET010000004629
N
4.
Regarding feed water, which of the following statements is
NOT true ?
(A)
It is turned into steam in the boiler.
(B)
Steam turns to feed water in the condenser.
>
(C)
Feed water in H.P. boilers is normally pumped with a single stage
centrifugal pump.
(D)
It is fresh water.
SET010000004659
N
5.
In a steam plant, the steam turns to water in ......................
(A)
the boiler.
(B)
the turbo-feed pump.
>
(C)
the condenser.
(D)
the L.P. turbine.
SET010000004210
N
6.
On a steamship at sea electricity is supplied by ................
(A)
the main engine.
(B)
diesel engines.
>
(C)
turbo alternators.
(D)
gas turbines.
SET010000004636
N
7.
The condenser in a steam plant is where ................
(A)
low pressure steam is produced.
>
(B)
steam is turned back into water.
(C)
electricity is supplied.
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(D)
water is turned into steam.
SET010000002600
N
8.
Which way does the steam pass through the system ?
(A)
From the low pressure turbine to the high pressure turbine.
(B)
From the condensor to the low pressure turbine.
(C)
From the supply valve to the high pressure turbine.
>
(D)
From the high pressure turbine to the low pressure turbine.
SET010000004669
N
9.
Modern high pressure boilers produce which of the
following ?
>
(A)
Superheated steam.
(B)
Fresh water for drinking.
(C)
Saturated steam.
(D)
Feed water.
SET010000001907
N
10.
Why is a thrust bearing required on this turbine ?
(A)
To absorb the forward thrust of the propeller.
(B)
To counterbalance the labyrinth action.
(C)
To absorb the vibrations.
>
(D)
To avoid the rotor shifting due to imbalance in steam pressure.
SET010000001906
N
11.
What kind of steam is feeding the astern turbine fitted on
the same rotor as the LP turbine?
(A)
Regenerated steam via resuperheater.
(B)
Exhaust steam from the high pressure turbine.
(C)
Reduced superheated steam via a pressure reducer.
>
(D)
Steam from the main steam manifold via manoeuvring stand.
SET010000002598
N
12.
Which part in this diagram is the low pressure turbine ?
(A)
No. 2
(B)
No. 4
(C)
No. 3
>
(D)
No. 1
SET010000004203
N
13.
Turbo alternators perform which of the following tasks ?
(A)
Supplying electricity on steamships when the main boiler is shut down.
>
(B)
Supplying electricity on steamships when the main boiler is operating.
(C)
Supplying electricity on a motorship.
(D)
Supplying electricity from diesel engines.
SET010000002599
N
14.
What is part No. 3 ?
(A)
Turbine bearing.
>
(B)
Turbine drive gear train.
(C)
Turbine coupling.
(D)
Turbine electromagnetic clutch.
SET010000004627
N
15.
Which of the following statements regarding main boilers
is NOT true ?
>
(A)
The feed water need not be very pure.
(B)
The superheated steam pressure could be as much as 60 bar.
(C)
The burners could be at the top firing down.
(D)
At least two safety valves will be fitted.
SET010000002597
N
16.
Which part in this diagram is the high pressure turbine ?
(A)
No. 1
>
(B)
No. 2
(C)
No. 4
(D)
No. 6
SET010000004665
N
17.
High pressure steam turbines are .................
(A)
powered by feed water.
(B)
directly coupled to the propeller shaft.
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>
(C)
smaller than low pressure turbines.
(D)
larger than low pressure turbines.
SET010000001910
N
18.
What type of high pressure steam turbine is shown here ?
>
(A)
A Zoelly turbine with prebolted Curtis wheel.
(B)
A Reaction turbine.
(C)
A Zoelly turbine.
(D)
A Curtis turbine.
SET010000001908
N
19.
Which alarm and shut-down device is fitted on the thrust
bearing assembly ?
>
(A)
The axial clearance alarm.
(B)
The steam pressure reducing alarm.
(C)
The cooling water alarm.
(D)
The low lub oil flow alarm.
SET010000004638
N
20.
Which of the following statements regarding steam
turbines is NOT true ?
(A)
The H.P. turbine receives the steam before the L.P. turbine.
(B)
The H.P. turbine is a faster rotating machine than a diesel engine.
>
(C)
From the H.P. turbine the steam then goes to the condenser.
(D)
The H.P. turbine is smaller than the L.P. turbine.
SET010000004632
N
21.
Boiler feed water is water ...........
>
(A)
taken from the condenser and fed back to the boiler.
(B)
used to cool steam turbines.
(C)
mixed with fuel oil and burnt as waste oil.
(D)
used to cool steam back into water.
SET010000001909
N
22.
What kind of shaft seals are used on this high pressure
turbine ?
(A)
Counterbalancing seals.
>
(B)
Labyrinth seals.
(C)
Vacuum seals.
(D)
Mechanical seals.
SET010000002488
N
23.
Serious tube leakage in the air ejector condenser assembly
will cause .................
(A)
fouled nozzles.
(B)
faulty steam pressure.
>
(C)
loss of vacuum.
(D)
clogged steam strainers.
SET010000004677
N
24.
Distilled water taken from the condenser and pumped
back to the boiler is called
(A)
fresh water.
(B)
condenser water.
(C)
evaporated water.
>
(D)
feed water.
ES-01-Pumping Operations (Basic)
Question Code Question
SET010000004657
N
1.
Which of the following statements is true about positive
displacement pumps ?
>
(A)
They will produce very high pressures.
(B)
They are never used onboard ship.
(C)
They are driven by compressed air.
(D)
They are used where lower capacities and speeds are required.
SET010000004553
N
2.
Engine room piping colour coded yellow, carries which of
the following ?
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(A)
Seawater.
(B)
Fresh water.
>
(C)
Lubricating oil.
(D)
Compressed air.
SET010000001714
N
3.
What action should you take during your watch if you find
that more water than usual has
collected in the bilge wells ?
(A)
Pump the bilges into the bilge collecting tank.
(B)
Pump the bilges overboard with the emergency bilge pump.
>
(C)
Ask permission to pump the bilges via the 15 ppm oily water separator.
(D)
Pump the bilges overboard with the bilge pump.
SET010000004675
N
4.
Positive displacement pumps are ...............
>
(A)
self priming pumps.
(B)
used for pumping "large" capacities.
(C)
driven by compressed air.
(D)
not self priming pumps.
SET010000004667
N
5.
Which of the following removes the oil from bilge water
before the water can be pumped
overboard ?
>
(A)
Oily water separators.
(B)
Oil filters.
(C)
Purifiers.
(D)
Evaporators.
SET010000004569
N
6.
The main lubricating oil pumps would supply ..............
(A)
fuel oil to the main engine.
>
(B)
lubricating oil to the main engine.
(C)
lubricating oil to the air compressors.
(D)
salt water to the main engine.
SET010000004580
N
7.
Compressed air lines are colour coded ..............
>
(A)
Pink.
(B)
Silver.
(C)
White.
(D)
Black.
SET010000004566
N
8.
Bilges must always be pumped to the sea via ..............
(A)
the forecastle head.
(B)
the centrifugal purifier.
(C)
the oil mist detector.
>
(D)
the oily water separator.

SET010000004637
N
9.
Centrifugal purifiers are used on board ship ..............
(A)
to ensure compressed air is clean before it is used.
>
(B)
remove all the dirt and water from fuel and lubricating oil.
(C)
to clean fresh water before it is supplied for drinking.
(D)
to clean bilge water before discharging overboard..
SET010000004577
N
10.
Which of the following types of pump needs priming every
time it is used ?
(A)
A reciprocating pump.
>
(B)
A centrifugal pump.
(C)
A gear type pump.
(D)
A scroll type pump.
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SET010000004611
N
11.
Which of the following best describes the hydraulic
steering gear pump?
(A)
The pump is of the centrifugal type.
(B)
It is not driven by electric motor.
(C)
It is a variable speed constant delivery pump.
>
(D)
It is a constant speed variable delivery pump.
SET010000004648
N
12.
Oily water separators perform which of the following ?
>
(A)
They make sure that no oil is pumped overboard.
(B)
They make sure that no raw sewage is pumped overboard.
(C)
They clean engine scavenges.
(D)
They remove the water from the fuel before it is burnt.
SET010000004588
N
13.
Oily water separators are used in which one of the
following situations ?
(A)
To separate oil and water from compressed air systems.
(B)
To separate oil and water from refrigeration gas in the refrigeration cycle.
>
(C)
As part of the bilge pump system.
(D)
To separate water from lubricating oil.
SET010000004573
N
14.
In the engine room a pressure vessel half full of air and half
of water that supplies water to
the accommodation is called ..........
(A)
a mains water supply.
(B)
a fresh water tank.
>
(C)
a pneupress or hydrophore tank.
(D)
an evaporator.
SET010000004668
N
15.
Which type of pump would be most suitable for pumping
large quantities such as oil
cargoes ?
(A)
Screw pumps.
>
(B)
Centrifugal pumps.
(C)
Reciprocating pumps.
(D)
Gear pumps.
SET010000004623
N
16.
Name the type of shut off valve that has a wedge which
slides up and down ?
(A)
A non-return valve.
>
(B)
A gate valve.
(C)
A globe valve.
(D)
A safety valve.
(4) The right answer will have a ">" to the left of the option letter
Print 11-Feb-2014 12:55
p.m.
SET010000004581
N
17.
In an engine room, pipework coloured green carries which
of the following ?
(A)
Fresh water for drinking.
(B)
Fresh water for main engine cooling.
>
(C)
Sea water.
(D)
Lubricating oil.
SET010000004622
N
18.
A non-return valve can be identified from an ordinary valve
by .............
(A)
its flanges.
(B)
its spindle.
(C)
its handle.
>
(D)
an arrow on the body of the valve.
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SET010000004578
N
19.
On modern ships, which type of pump would be used for
supplying lubricating oil to the
main engine ?
(A)
A small gear type positive displacement pump.
(B)
A large centrifugal pump.
(C)
An axial flow pump.
>
(D)
A scroll type positive displacement pump.
SET010000004603
N
20.
Flange joints or gaskets made from metal would be used in
which of the following places ?
(A)
Hot water system pipe flanges.
(B)
Water pump casings.
(C)
Lubricating oil valve casing flanges.
>
(D)
Engine exhaust flanges.
SET010000004666
N
21.
Most pumps on modern ships are driven by which of the
following ?
>
(A)
Electric motors.
(B)
Small diesel engines.
(C)
Steam turbines.
(D)
The main engine.
EM-03-Operate, Monitor and Evaluate Engine Performance
Question Code Question
SET010000002198
N
1.
This characteristic shows output pressure of a pneumatic
controller controlling water level.
The level is fluctuating. What is wrong with the setting of the controller.?
>
(A)
The proportional band is too small.
(B)
The span is too narrow.
(C)
The range is too large.
(D)
The amplification is too small.
SET010000002082
N
2.
What factors influence the vacuum (vacuum %) inside the
shell of a fresh water generator ?
(A)
The temperature of the sea water cooling the condenser.
(B)
The temperature of the fresh water heating the evaporator.
(C)
The pressure of the ejector water on the vacuum ejector.
>
(D)
All of these options.
SET010000002153
N
3.
What is the function of ball valve B in relation to the outlet
pressure Pu of this pneumatic
amplifier ?
(A)
To counteract the pressure on the membrane M , decrease Pu
>
(B)
Opening port of 20 psi supply air access
(C)
To push the membrane back in place after each movement
(D)
To push the atmospheric vent close, increase Pu
SET010000002157
N
4.
This is an actual lay-out drawing of a pneumatic amplifier
block. Where is the 20 psi supply
air admitted ?
(A)
At air passage item 15
>
(B)
At air passage item 13
(C)
At air passage item 14
(D)
At air passage item 12
SET010000002148
N
5.
As we can use only the linear part of the characteristic, this
shows that the flapper can only
travel 0.01 mm, therefore DELTA psi obtained can only be less than 1 psi. Can we use the
flapper nozzle system ?
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(A)
No, the nozzle/flapper assembly needs modification.
(B)
Yes, but the valves need a servo booster.
>
(C)
Yes, but the readings obtained between DELTA psi need to be amplified.
(D)
No , the flapper system will gives erratic readings.
SET010000002158
N
6.
Where is the output pressure Pu taken from this
pneumatic amplifier shown here ?
>
(A)
Air passage 14
(B)
Air passage 12
(C)
Air passage 15
(D)
Air passage 13
SET010000002200
N
7.
In this electrical amplifier drawing, what takes the place of
the flapper/nozzle unit used by
the pneumatic control unit with amplifier ?
(A)
U1
>
(B)
R2
(C)
R1
(D)
U2
SET010000002189
N
8.
Graph "d" of this characteristic showing output pressure
Pu of a controller effecting valve lift,
represents ZERO proportional band over INFINITIVE amplification. How does the system
works ?
(A)
It does not regulate the level at all.
>
(B)
It works FULL OPEN/FULL CLOSE, unsteady, offset NIL.
(C)
It works with maximum range offsets.
(D)
It works with intolerable offsets.
SET010000002183
N
9.
If the input flow Q1 increases to Q1' and level L increases
to L' what will initially happen ?
(A)
The proportional band PB will change
(B)
The amplification factor K will change
(C)
The output pressure Pu will increase proportionally to L'
>
(D)
The amplifier will increase its air output pressurising bellow P
SET010000002438
N
10.
What measure of power developed inside a cylinder is
obtained by using the formula PMI x
cylinder section surface (cm2) x stroke (metre) : 75 ?
>
(A)
Indicated horsepower.
(B)
Effective horsepower.
(C)
Metric Horsepower.
(D)
Brake horsepower.
SET010000002068
N
11.
How is it ensured that the flow of the scavenge air is
directed symmetrically through the
cylinder ?
(A)
By the uniflow system.
(B)
By the reverse system.
(C)
By the turbocharger.
>
(D)
By the scavenge port shape.
SET010000002187
N
12.
This characteristic shows the output pressure of a
controller effecting valve lift. If PB = 100
% is the graph shown in "a" . What is the graph of PB = 50 % ?
(A)
Graph f
>
(B)
Graph b
(C)
Graph d
(D)
Graph e
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SET010000002196
N
13.
What would be the variation of output on this pneumatic
controller if Proportional B and PB
= infinity, by varying the input as shown here ?
>
(A)
No response, nil
(B)
1 psi
(C)
Infinity, full open, full close control system
(D)
Between 3 and 15 psi
SET010000002373
N
14.
Since the output of the pressure transmitter is not linear
with the flow in the pipe as
measured over the measuring flange the output signal should be sent to a ....
(A)
equaliser.
(B)
summator.
(C)
balancing valve.
>
(D)
root extractor.
SET010000002199
N
15.
Something is wrong with the controller setting of this
water level control system. Suppose
the Proportional Band is 12.5 %, to what value would you reset it ?
(A)
500 %
(B)
20 %
(C)
50 %
>
(D)
100 %
SET010000002509
N
16.
To find the indicated power developed in the cylinder the
indicator card is used to determine
the ....
(A)
firing pressure.
>
(B)
mean effective pressure.
(C)
mean height of the diagram.
(D)
compression pressure.
SET010000002010
N
17.
A ship's main engine runs at 114 RPM. The slip that day
was 7.4 %. If the ship's speed
that day was 13.82 knots, what is the pitch of the propeller ?
(A)
4426 mm
(B)
4182 mm
>
(C)
4040 mm
(D)
3938 mm
SET010000002466
N
18.
An engine develops 2500 IHP and the BHP is 2000. What is
the mechanical efficiency?
>
(A)
0.8 or 80%
(B)
1.25 or 125%
(C)
0.08 or 8%
(D)
12.5 or 1250%
SET010000002490
N
19.
Thermal efficiency refers to heat engines and is the ratio of
.........
(A)
Output to BTU converted in energy.
>
(B)
output on the shaft/flywheel to internally produced power.
(C)
horsepower to BTU input of fuel.
(D)
input to the output on the power take off.
SET010000002369
N
20.
This drawing shows which kind of pneumatic controller ?
(A)
A proportional differentiating controller.
>
(B)
A proportional integrating controller.
(C)
A proportional integrating-differential controller.
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(D)
A proportional controller.
SET010000002012
N
21.
A vessel has a propeller with 3828 mm pitch and makes
109 RPM. If the sea speed is 12.8
knots, what is the slip ?
>
(A)
5.3 %
(B)
8.3 %
(C)
3.8 %
(D)
3.5 %
SET010000002032
N
22.
A diesel engine cylinder diameter is 700 mm, its stroke is
1200 mm, its IMP is 8.9 bar and
its revolutions 120 RPM. What is the POWER developed per cylinder ?
(A)
2052 BHP
(B)
2344 metric HP
(C)
1633 shaft horsepower
>
(D)
1095 IHP
SET010000001914
N
23.
The use of a steam trap has a beneficial influence on the
thermal balance of the heat
exchanger fitted before that trap. This is because .....
(A)
all heat is used under corresponding saturated pressure.
(B)
it will allow the steam to expand to atmospheric pressure.
>
(C)
all heat will be extracted from the steam before turning to water.
(D)
it will allow the steam to expand below atmosphere to vacuum.
SET010000001112
N
24.
What is the purpose of part number 2 ?
(A)
To reduce the bowl speed to adapt to the type of liquid.
(B)
To keep the liquid separated.
>
(C)
To accelerate the liquid to the same speed as the bowl.
(D)
To prevent clean liquid mixing with the in-coming dirty liquid.
SET010000002494
N
25.
Which of the following is a record of the pressure existing
in the cylinder at various positions
of the piston throughout the engine cycle ?
(A)
A Temperature diagram.
>
(B)
An Indicator diagram.
(C)
A Timing diagram.
(D)
a Cycle diagram.
VIDTL58DZIUH54C
N
26.
Why is this connecting rod eye split obliquely?
>
(A)
To allow the piston/connecting rod to pass through the liner.
(B)
To avoid setting up unecessary stress in the rod eye.
(C)
To decrease the bottom end bolt shock loading.
(D)
To allow access to both of the bolts and bearing from one side of the engine.
SET010000002009
N
27.
A ship's propeller is 4882 mm in diameter with pitch of
4226 mm. The engine RPM is 122.
Assuming no slip what is the ship's speed?
>
(A)
16.7 knots.
(B)
18.44 knots.
(C)
19.29 knots.
(D)
15.22 knots.
SET010000002514
N
28.
What method is employed in the design of waste heat
boilers to obtain maximum heat
transfer while maintaining low overall weight ?
(A)
An external superheated unit is located above the boiler to the gas passages.
>
(B)
Steel fins are installed on the generating tubes to increase the effective
surface area.
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(C)
An unfired exhaust gas preheater is added to increase the heat transfer rate.
(D)
Feedwater is preheated in a separately fired economizer.
SET010000002162
N
29.
How can the output pressure Pu of this pneumatic
amplifier be initially adjusted ?
(A)
By screw item 1
(B)
By screw item 10
(C)
By screw item 11
>
(D)
By screw item 4
SET010000002154
N
30.
What is the function of valve V in relation to the outlet
pressure Pu of this pneumatic
(A)
To push spring S open via the ball B
(B)
To allow stabilising feedback pressure on the membrane
(C)
To transmit the pressure Pu to the membrane
>
(D)
To allow venting of pressure Pu to the atmosphere
SET010000002415
N
31.
The manometer with scale indication shown here is fitted
in the ............... line of a
controller or valve positioner which supplies a pneumatic valve motor with " Pressure to
.....
>
(A)
output, " Open "
(B)
supply, " Close "
(C)
input, " Open "
(D)
input, " Close "
SET010000002504
N
32.
The basic type of reversing air starting system that can be
used only on two-stroke, ported,
direct coupled, propulsion Diesel engines is the .....
(A)
sliding camshaft.
(B)
distributor type.
>
(C)
rotating camshaft.
(D)
reversing latch.
SET010000002161
N
33.
What is item No 3 shown of this pneumatic amplifier ?
(A)
Retaining plates for the ball valve.
(B)
Ball valve securing blades.
(C)
Nozzle flappers.
>
(D)
Blade (feather) springs to load the ball and the vent valve.
SET010000002180
N
34.
If the length of "a" is equal to the length of "b" what will
be the proportional band "PB" of this
pneumatic controller ?
>
(A)
100 %
(B)
0%
(C)
25 %
(D)
50 %
SET010000002383
N
35.
From this drawing of a pneumatic pressure transmitter,
what is the Proportional Band
setting ?
>
(A)
Proportional Band less than 100 %, amplification K more than 1
(B)
Proportional Band = 100 %, amplification K = 1
(C)
Proportional Band more than 100 %, amplification K less than 1
(D)
Proportional Band 0%, amplification infinitive
SET010000002191
N
36.
If the measured value bellow is connected to the output of
the jacket CW temperature
transmitter and the Pu of the controller is 9 psi, and we reduce the temperature setting
from
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75 to 72 degree C what happens to the Pu ?
(A)
It will decrease to 0 psi.
>
(B)
It will increase above 9 psi.
(C)
It will decrease below 9 psi.
(D)
It will increase to 20 psi.
SET010000002463
N
37.
A ship makes an observed speed of 17 knots. The engine
speed is 17.5 knots. What is the
propeller slip ?
>
(A)
2.85 %
(B)
28.5 %
(C)
.0285 %
(D)
285 %
VIDTL3L64M9K3DF
N
38.
The flow through this heat exchanger is determined by the
"Reynolds number". Depending
on certain factors, this allows the system designer to select either...
>
(A)
turbulent flow or laminar flow.
(B)
streamline flow or contra flow.
(C)
parallel flow or contra flow.
(D)
parallel flow or turbulent flow.
SET010000002194
N
39.
Suppose the variation of INPUT is 1 psi down instead of 1
psi up on this pneumatic
P-Controller. If the proportional band PB is 25 % what will be the output pressure ?
(A)
6 psi
(B)
0 psi
(C)
2 psi
>
(D)
3 psi
SET010000002188
N
40.
This characteristic shows output pressure of a controller
effecting valve lift. If PB = 100 % is
the graph shown in "a " . What is the amplification factor and the proportional band
represented by graph "f" ?
(A)
Proportional band 50 %, amplification 100 %
(B)
Amplification infinitive, Proportional band 0
(C)
Amplification 50 %, Proportional Band 100 %
>
(D)
Amplification 0, Proportional Band infinitive
SET010000002195
N
41.
Suppose the INPUT of the pneumatic controller is 4 psi and
the PB is 25 %. If variation on
the input is 1psi down, what is the variation on the output expressed in psi ?
>
(A)
1 psi
(B)
2 psi
(C)
4 psi
(D)
6 psi
SET010000002173
N
42.
What is the amplification factor (K) of a pneumatic
amplifier ?
>
(A)
K = 16
(B)
K=4
(C)
K = 12
(D)
K = 20
SET010000002182
N
43.
If Q1 is the filling volume of the tank and Q2 the outflow
volume of the tank and the level L is
constant by controller output pressure Pu = 9 psi, the valve V2 will be open for .....
(A)
100 %
>
(B)
50 %
150

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
(D)

25 %
75 %

SET010000002151
N
44.
On which part of the Pneumatic Amplifier is the nozzle
back pressure of the nozzle/flapper
(NBP) acting ?
(A)
On valve V
(B)
On spring S
(C)
On ball valve B
>
(D)
On membrane M
SET010000002184
N
45.
What do you call the pneumatic mode of operating of the
pneumatic controlled valve V2 ?
(A)
Positive activation
(B)
Negative activation
>
(C)
Air to Open
(D)
Air to Close
SET010000002156
N
46.
These characteristics show Pu in relation to flapper
distance and NBP of a pneumatic
nozzle flapper and transmitter; thus with the smallest distance movements it fluctuates
sharply. What is the result and the remedy ?
(A)
Unsteady operation .Springs are to be fitted on all moving parts.
(B)
Tendency to open. Fit elongated flappers in output.
>
(C)
Unsteady operation. Bellows are to be fitted in pneumatic lines.
(D)
Tendency to close. Fit by pass nozzle to amplifier.
SET010000002384
N
47.
For which type of controller are these the input (left) and
the response (right) characteristics
(A)
A pressure integrating controller
(B)
A pneumatic inverter
(C)
A pneumatic integrator
>
(D)
A proportional integrating controller
SET010000002197
N
48.
Suppose the Proportional Band of this pneumatic
controller is increased to 500 % and the
input variation remains the same. What would be the output variation ?
(A)
1 psi
(B)
5 psi
(C)
0.5 psi
>
(D)
0.2 psi
SET010000002164
N
49.
What is part No 4 shown in this drawing of a pneumatic
amplifier ?
>
(A)
The air supply compartment.
(B)
The nozzle back pressure supply compartment.
(C)
The output air compartment.
(D)
The exhaust or vent compartment.
SET010000002190
N
50.
If the pressures in the MV and the SV bellows are equal,
what will be the output pressure
Pu of this pneumatic P-controller ?
(A)
6 psi
(B)
3 psi
(C)
12 psi
>
(D)
9 psi
SET010000002159
N
51.
Via which air passage is the nozzle back pressure from the
nozzle/flapper admitted for this
151

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pneumatic amplifier ?
(A)
Air passage 14
(B)
Air passage 15
(C)
Air passage 13
>
(D)
Air passage 12

EM-05-Manage Fuel and Ballast Operations


Question Code Question
SETS1699DRKS4HX
N
1.
What gauge screen should be used for the flame screen on
a pressure-vacuum (PV) valve?
>
(A)
12 wires/cm
(B)
24 wires/cm
(C)
8 wires/cm
(D)
4 wires/cm
SETS1VIVUZRDNR4
N
2.
When bunkering operations are complete, the hoses
should be...
(A)
emptied into storage drums.
(B)
Flushed through with light oil before disconnecting.
>
(C)
emptied by the supplier and blanked.
(D)
swung ashore vertically to prevent spillage.
SETS1BNZYFCA8B
N
3.
Which of the following conditions in oil/water separators
would contribute most to oil
carry-over with the water discharge?
(A)
Cold mixture, high oil density & low throughput.
(B)
Low oil density, low throughput & hot mixture.
>
(C)
High throughput, cold mixture & high oil density.
(D)
Hot mixture, low oil density & high throughput.
SETS1MPXEBDT49
N
4.
You are going to fill a deep tank with water ballast, after
discharging a general cargo. What
must you do to the smoke detection piping?
>
(A)
Remove the pipe from the tank and blank it off.
(B)
Test it for water tightness.
(C)
Close a valve near the inlet.
(D)
Connect an extension pipe which leads into the coaming.
SETS1P04ZE7E49L
N
5.
Ballast systems are sometimes served by pumps which also
serve...
(A)
fuel oil systems.
(B)
fresh water systems.
>
(C)
bilge systems.
(D)
sea water cooling systems.
SET010000003028
N
6.
Written information must be available each time a ship
carries out bunkering operations
inclusive the titles. This information includes the names of the persons engaged in
bunkering operations. Which persons ?
(A)
The chief engineer, the engineer officer in charge in the engine room and the petty
officer on deck.
>
(B)
The responsible person in charge, the engineer officer in charge of
bunkering in the
engine room and the person(s) assigned on deck.
152

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(C)
The responsible person in charge, the duty engineer, the engineer in charge of
bunkering and the stand-by team on deck.
(D)
The chief engineer, the duty engineer and the duty officer.
SETS1EJJ9EH3VXS
N
7.
The vessel's "Oil Record Book" requires which of the
following information to be recorded
when discharging bilge water?
(A)
Ship's position.
(B)
Start and stop times.
(C)
Quantity and type of discharge.
>
(D)
All of this information is required.
SETS1MJULNXJ0I2
N
8.
Sounding pipes to fuel oil tanks must not terminate in
either...
(A)
accommodation passageways or machinery spaces.
(B)
battery rooms or accommodation passageways.
>
(C)
refrigerated spaces or battery rooms.
(D)
machinery spaces or refrigerated spaces.
SETS1OJ1SMMBNZ
N
9.
Pumping bilges in port is always forbidden unless...
(A)
the bilge water appears to be clear.
(B)
emulsifying chemicals have been added to the bilge water.
>
(C)
pumped to a shore reception facility.
(D)
the bilges are only lowered.
SETS1VDJ67V3MO
N
10.
The engine room bilges are prevented from accidental
flooding back from the bilge main
>
(A)
non-return valves on the bilge suction chests.
(B)
subdivision of the bilge system.
(C)
a swing blank installed before each bilge valve.
(D)
a positive displacement bilge pump.
SET010000003029
N
11.
Written information must be available each time a ship
carries out bunkering operations.
This information must include the following....
>
(A)
the bunkering rates, procedures for topping off tanks and the level at
which bunker
tanks are to be closed.
(B)
the specific gravity of the oil and the level at which bunker tanks are to be closed.
(C)
the procedures for topping off tanks and the bunker slow down rate.
(D)
the ventilation and overflow system of each tank and the bunker rate in tons per
hour.
SETS13CBHF7C4NJ
N
12.
The combined area of the perforations in a bilge suction
pipe strum plate must not be less
than...
(A)
the area of the suction pipe diameter.
(B)
half the area of the suction pipe diameter.
(C)
the area of the pump suction inlet.
>
(D)
twice the area of the suction pipe diameter.
SET010000002944
N
13.
Every ship above 400 tons gross shall be provided with
tank(s) of adequate capacity to
receive oily residues or sludges such as those resulting from ....
(A)
lubricating purification and crankcase leakages from machinery and stern tube
leakages.
(B)
diesel oil leakages from purification, main and auxiliary engine fuel leakages.
>
(C)
All oil leakages in the engine room inclusive of these.
(D)
heavy fuel oil purification leakages, lantern and scavenge spaces leakages and
153

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drainages from engines.
SET010000002454
N
14.
If when in port there is an urgent need to pump bilge
water from the vessel, what would you
do ?
(A)
Instruct the watchkeeper to lower the bilges only during night time.
(B)
Instruct the watchkeeper to pump bilges to the dirty oil tank or sludge tank and
note in
logbook
>
(C)
Issue strict instructions that the bilges must only be discharged to a shore
tank or
barge facility.
(D)
Authorise pumping the bilges over the side via the oily water separator.
SETS1HKSLX10V79
N
15.
When fuel oil drain tanks or overflow tanks are built into
the double bottom structure, they
must be provided with...
>
(A)
an independent suction to the transfer pump.
(B)
a gas-tight level indicator.
(C)
non-return valves fitted on suction lines.
(D)
remote-operated quick closing suction valves.
SET010000002945
N
16.
Concerning the designing and construction of Machinery
Space Oily Residue Tanks (Sludge
Tanks) what requirements, besides capacity, need to be met ?
(A)
All engine room overflows and leakage tanks must drain into them..
(B)
They must be capable of being pumped overboard through a 15ppm separating
(C)
They must have steaming out and pumping out connections fitted.
>
(D)
They must have cleaning facilities and arrangements to discharge to
reception
SETS1PEI6Y0F9K5
N
17.
Fuel oil tanks within the machinery spaces should be fitted
with...
>
(A)
quick closing fuel outlet valves.
(B)
remote reading contents gauges.
(C)
filling connections with quick closing valves.
(D)
gauge glasses with quick closing valves.
SETS11P2O4G6MO
N
18.
The output volume of a positive, fixed displacement pump
can be changed only by...
(A)
regulating the discharge valve.
(B)
moving the shaft trunnion block.
(C)
regulating the suction valve.
>
(D)
changing the speed of the pump.
SETS1WYRUWNP28
N
19.
Cargo line suction points within cargo tanks are normally
fitted with...
6
(A)
strainer plates.
>
(B)
bell mouths.
(C)
strainer boxes.
(D)
non-return valves.
SETS1FRNBHXJPG
N
20.
You are simultaneously filling 2 fuel tanks of unequal
capacity but equal depth. Which
should be topped off first?
>
(A)
The smaller tank.
(B)
The larger tank.
154

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(C)
The tank furthest from the loading line.
(D)
The tanks should be topped off simultaneously.
SETS10SX9F6U4GE
N
21.
In a general cargo vessel, how often should the hold bilges
be tested?
(A)
As required by the classification society.
(B)
Annually, in preparation for the load line survey.
>
(C)
After every discharge, before loading the next cargo.
(D)
At 6 monthly intervals.
SETS1TNDKYBENJ
N
22.
What is the required minimum thickness of clean ballast
pipes which pass through cargo
tanks of an oil tanker?
(A)
A thickness 25% greater than that of the cargo oil lines.
(B)
The same thickness as the main cargo oil piping.
>
(C)
At least 16mm.
(D)
Twice the thickness of the main line ballast piping.
SETS1A4B3CW0LY
N
23.
Why is a float control valve fitted in the line to the vacuum
pump from a bilge and ballast
pump suction?
(A)
To prevent a vacuum forming in the bilge and ballast pump suction.
>
(B)
To allow only air to the vacuum pump.
(C)
To prevent dirt from passing to the vacuum pump.
(D)
To prevent air from passing to the vacuum pump.
SETS1WFE5S0OC9
N
24.
When a deep tank on a cargo vessel is used for carrying dry
cargo, what should the ring
and blank suction arrangements be?
(A)
Bilge and ballast suctions both open.
>
(B)
Ballast suction blanked and bilge suction open.
(C)
Bilge and ballast suctions connections both blanked.
(D)
Bilge suction blanked and ballast suction open.
SETS1EXAQHXPL5
N
25.
What is the best way to obtain a sample when loading
bunkers?
(A)
Requesting a sample from the supplier.
>
(B)
By using the drain valve in the ship's loading line.
(C)
By dropping a sampling can after 1m of fuel has been loaded.
(D)
By taking a sample from one of the filled ship's tanks.
SETS1GXNHOYTG
N
26.
Which pumps are most suitable for duties which involve
large volumes of fluid with
GM
low/medium differential pressures?
>
(A)
Centrifugal and axial flow pumps.
(B)
Reciprocating and rotary pumps.
(C)
Rotary vane and diaphragm pumps.
(D)
Screw and vane pumps.
SETS1YBOSLJXKT
N
27.
When is it permitted to ballast empty fuel oil tanks?
>
(A)
If an oil/water separator is fitted.
(B)
If an independent ballast pump is installed.
(C)
When they no longer contain any fuel oil vapor.
(D)
If such tanks are double bottom tanks.
SETS1E94D7DLB0N
N
28.
bunkering?
(A)
Settling tanks.
(B)
Daily service tanks.

Which tanks must be empty before commencement of

155

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(C)
Overflow tank.
(D)
Double bottom tanks.
SETS1RXMYXN7HY
N
29.
An ullage reading is the distance from a given point at
the...
(A)
top of the tank to the bottom of the tank.
(B)
the liquid level to the bottom of the tank.
(C)
sounding tube to the tank bottom.
>
(D)
top of the sounding tube to the liquid level.
SETS1V1T024YUJ0
N
30.
When you are discharging volatile cargo, the discharge
efficiency is sometimes reduced by
gassing-off in the suction piping, even when the suction inlet is still covered by cargo oil.
What causes this?
(A)
The pumps speed up, which is normal at this stage of discharge.
(B)
Excessive inert gas pressure builds up in the tanks.
(C)
The heavy oil fractions begin to vaporize as the tank level falls.
>
(D)
The lighter oil fractions vaporize more easily as the tank level falls.
SETS1BROJN7BAR
N
31.
Which of the following pumps would normally have a
priming unit attached?
>
(A)
Ballast pump.
(B)
Fuel oil transfer pump.
(C)
Boiler feed pump.
(D)
Sea water cooling pump.
SET010000002457
N
32.
After bunkering when all the fuel oil tanks have been
topped off, which of the listed
procedures should be followed next ?
(A)
The tanks should be marked with a bull stamp on the manifold filling valve.
(B)
All of these options.
(C)
The pressure vacuum relief valves should be reset.
>
(D)
The tanks should be sounded to make sure the levels are not rising.
SETS1WFBNA0SAD
N
33.
When a tank is being emptied and the liquid level becomes
low it is common practice to...
>
(A)
slow down the pump to maintain suction.
(B)
run the pump at a constant speed until it trips.
(C)
speed up the pump maintain suction.
(D)
stop pumping before the pump loses suction.
VIDTLZVRYJ7FPDM
N
34.
What will cause the oil/water interface in this centrifugal
separator to move outwards from
its correct position?
(A)
An increase in the oil flow rate.
>
(B)
An decrease in the temperature of the oil.
(C)
A decrease in the viscosity of the oil.
(D)
An increase in the temperature of the oil.
SETS108E962QTPL
N
35.
When taking fuel oil bunkers the start and stop times must
be entered in the...
(A)
ship's official log book.
>
(B)
Oil Record Book.
(C)
engine room log book.
(D)
Chief Engineer's fuel records.
SETS1L5G8DIHRXE
N
36.
All vent pipes from fuel oil tanks are fitted with...
(A)
open goosenecks.
(B)
a connection to the overflow system.
156

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(C)
flame screens.
(D)
open ends at the main deck level.
SETS12J1L3GK9J0
N
37.
Main sea water circulating pumps must have an
emergency bilge injection valve with a
suction diameter of at least...
(A)
the diameter of the main sea water inlet.
(B)
one-third the diameter of main sea water inlet.
>
(C)
two-thirds the diameter of main sea water inlet.
(D)
half the diameter of main sea water inlet.
SETS1GW3GDCELL
N
38.
If a vessel causes pollution at sea, who is held responsible?
R
(A)
The Chief Engineer.
>
(B)
The ship's Master and the person who causes the pollution.
(C)
The ship's owner and the ship's Master.
(D)
The ship's Master only.
SETS1D7RGQTYT5I
N
39.
Ballast tank air vent pipes are fitted with...
(A)
flame screens at the upper ends.
(B)
open goosenecks at the upper ends.
>
(C)
ball float valves at the upper ends.
(D)
shut off valves at the main deck.
SET010000003031
N
40.
Written information must be available each time
bunkering operations are carried out. This
should include information about reporting oil spills and provide contact details for which
of
these organisations?
(A)
I, II, III, VI,
VII, VIII
(B)
I, III, IV, V, VIII, IX
(C)
III, IV, V, VI, VII, IX
>
(D)
II, III, IV, VI, VIII, IX
SET010000002460
N
41.
A pump can empty a tank in 12 hours, another pump can
empty the same tank in 4 hours,
and another can empty this tank in 9 hours. If all three pumps are used together, how long
would it take to empty it ?
(A)
2 hours
>
(B)
2 and 1/4 hours
(C)
4/9 hours
(D)
3 hours
SETS1KBW49LGCZ
N
42.
What is the most effective method of establishing the
correct quantity of bunkers delivered
onboard?
(A)
Obtaining an invoice from the supplier detailing the amount delivered.
(B)
Checking the flow meter reading before and after bunkering.
(C)
Noting supplier's tank gauge readings before and after bunkering.
>
(D)
Sounding the supplier's tanks before and after bunkering.
SETS1BZ66XREX80
N
43.
Where clean ballast pipes are led through cargo oil tanks in
tankers, all pipeline joints
should be...
(A)
flanged.
(B)
only at bulkheads.
(C)
expansion type.
>
(D)
welded.
157

Maquinaria Naval

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SETS1L003G9RL8H
N
44.
What is the arrangement for filling and discharging the
ballast tanks on a general cargo
vessel?
(A)
By separate filling and discharging lines and valves.
(B)
By a single line to separate filling and discharging valves.
(C)
By separate lines to a single shut off valve.
>
(D)
By a single line and valve for each tank.
SETS13ROI6QJVBF
N
45.
What should be the outlet area of air pipes fitted to double
bottom fuel tanks?
(A)
Not less than 75% of the area of the fuel filling pipes.
(B)
At least equal to that of the fuel filling pipes.
(C)
150% greater than that of the fuel filling pipes.
>
(D)
At least 25% greater than that of the fuel filling pipes.
SET010000002946
N
46.
For ships not fitted with a sludge burning incinerator, the
sludge tank capacity shall be
directly proportional to ....
(A)
the size of the vessel.
>
(B)
the amount of fuel purified for daily consumption times the maximum
period between
voyage ports.
(C)
the total horse power (or kWatt) generated in the engine room.
(D)
the number of purifiers fitted on board times the maximum range of the ship.
SETS11BJUOULXU
N
47.
The ability of an oil to separate cleanly from any water
present is referred to as its...
>
(A)
demulsibility.
(B)
neutralization number.
(C)
precipitation number.
(D)
emulsification factor.
SETS109FFR94K51
N
48.
The efficiency of an oily water separator will be adversely
affected by the presence of which
of the following in the bilges?
(A)
Carbon cleaning solvents.
(B)
Cleansers for washing down engine room paintwork.
(C)
Proprietary hand cleaning materials.
>
(D)
Any of these will affect the efficient operation of the separator.
SETS16FCBH3RCP
N
49.
How are high capacity liquid cargo pumps normally
controlled?
>
(A)
Remotely, from the cargo control room.
(B)
Manually, from the pump room lower level.
(C)
Manually, from the cargo control room.
(D)
Remotely, from the engine room.
SETS1ABBFEI07NL
N
50.
Machinery space oil/water separators are required to
reduce the oil content in the discharge
to...
(A)
less than 15 gallons per hour while in port or 100 gallons per hour while at sea.
>
(B)
15 parts per million when used anywhere.
(C)
less than 100 parts per million (ppm), for discharging in all sea areas.
(D)
less than 15 parts per million (ppm), if used in"special areas".
SETS1XKFI0EKD8A
N
51.
If the engine room bilge holding tank was nearly full, what
arrangements would you make for
emptying this tank?
(A)
Drain off any clean water into the bilges and pump overboard via the separator.
158

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(B)
Pump most of the contents directly overboard as they will be water.
>
(C)
Organize transfer to a shore reception facility at the next port.
(D)
Discharge the entire tank contents through the oily/water separator.
SETS17C3KTR1KT7
N
52.
What is the greatest danger associated with overfilling
double bottom ballast tanks?
(A)
Holing the ballast lines.
>
(B)
Over stressing the tank tops.
(C)
Holing the air vent pipe.
(D)
Flooding the engine room.
SETS1GHG0UQSBO
N
53.
Why are centrifugal type cargo oil pumps usually fitted
with impellers of the double-entry
type?
(A)
To increase their capacity.
(B)
To increase the velocity of the discharged oil.
(C)
To reduce the radial thrust on the impeller.
>
(D)
To balance the axial thrusts.
SETS1HU2NDYJVS
N
54.
What can account for slight discrepancies between
supplier and ship's bunker figures?
(A)
Alteration of S.G. due to temperature variation.
(B)
Variations in unpumpable oil remaining in ship's tanks.
>
(C)
Any of the other answers might cause a discrepancy.
(D)
Accuracy of the measuring equipment.
SETS16Q3TPYZJB3
N
55.
A centrifugal pump is not normally fitted with a relief
valve, because the throughput is...
(A)
maximum when discharge valve is shut.
(B)
maximum when the head is minimum.
(C)
minimum when the discharge head is minimum.
>
(D)
minimum when the head is maximum.
SETS1IGGSZA8YJQ
N
56.
A pump serving both bilge and ballast systems will have...
(A)
blanks on the ballast suctions.
(B)
non-return valves on the bilge and ballast suctions.
(C)
non-return valves on the ballast suctions.
>
(D)
screw lift, butterfly or gate valves on the ballast suctions.
SETS1FU7ZTEFIJK
N
57.
When pumping out clean ballast tanks the most important
consideration is...
(A)
to monitor the oil content.
(B)
not to run the ballast pump dry.
>
(C)
to maintain the ship's upright position.
(D)
to maintain the ship's trim.
SETS1C2FU61MA3
N
58.
A centrifugal, ballast pump's delivery pressure drops,
overloading the motor as the flow
increases. What should you do to reduce the load?
(A)
Increase the pump speed.
(B)
Decrease the pump speed.
(C)
Throttle the pump suction valve.
>
(D)
Throttle the pump discharge valve.
SETS1DLQB7TBT6
N
59.
Which of the following conditions is likely to contribute
most to good performance of
oil/water separators?
(A)
Cold mixture, laminar flow & high oil density.
(B)
Turbulent flow, high oil density & high discharge rate.
>
(C)
Laminar flow, hot mixture & low oil density.
159

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(D)
High oil density, turbulent flow & hot mixture.
SETS1UF3IUNZ7U1
N
60.
The bilge and ballast suctions for a deep tank on a cargo
vessel should both be blanked
when the deep tank contains...
(A)
dry cargo.
(B)
only hydro carbon oils.
>
(C)
any liquid cargo.
(D)
only edible oils.
ES-01-Pumping Operations (Basic)
Question Code Question
SET010000004657
N
1.
Which of the following statements is true about positive
displacement pumps ?
>
(A)
They will produce very high pressures.
(B)
They are never used onboard ship.
(C)
They are driven by compressed air.
(D)
They are used where lower capacities and speeds are required.
SET010000004553
N
2.
Engine room piping colour coded yellow, carries which of
the following ?
(A)
Seawater.
(B)
Fresh water.
>
(C)
Lubricating oil.
(D)
Compressed air.
SET010000001714
N
3.
What action should you take during your watch if you find
that more water than usual has
collected in the bilge wells ?
(A)
Pump the bilges into the bilge collecting tank.
(B)
Pump the bilges overboard with the emergency bilge pump.
>
(C)
Ask permission to pump the bilges via the 15 ppm oily water separator.
(D)
Pump the bilges overboard with the bilge pump.
SET010000004675
N
4.
Positive displacement pumps are ...............
>
(A)
self priming pumps.
(B)
used for pumping "large" capacities.
(C)
driven by compressed air.
(D)
not self priming pumps.
SET010000004667
N
5.
Which of the following removes the oil from bilge water
before the water can be pumped
overboard ?
>
(A)
Oily water separators.
(B)
Oil filters.
(C)
Purifiers.
(D)
Evaporators.
SET010000004569
N
6.
The main lubricating oil pumps would supply ..............
(A)
fuel oil to the main engine.
>
(B)
lubricating oil to the main engine.
(C)
lubricating oil to the air compressors.
(D)
salt water to the main engine.
SET010000004580
N
7.
Compressed air lines are colour coded ..............
>
(A)
Pink.
(B)
Silver.
(C)
White.
(D)
Black.
SET010000004566
N
8.
Bilges must always be pumped to the sea via ..............
160

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(A)
(B)
(C)
>

the forecastle head.


the centrifugal purifier.
the oil mist detector.
(D)
the oily water separator.

SET010000004637
N
9.
Centrifugal purifiers are used on board ship ..............
(A)
to ensure compressed air is clean before it is used.
>
(B)
remove all the dirt and water from fuel and lubricating oil.
(C)
to clean fresh water before it is supplied for drinking.
(D)
to clean bilge water before discharging overboard..
SET010000004577
N
10.
Which of the following types of pump needs priming every
time it is used ?
(A)
A reciprocating pump.
>
(B)
A centrifugal pump.
(C)
A gear type pump.
(D)
A scroll type pump.
SET010000004611
N
11.
Which of the following best describes the hydraulic
steering gear pump?
(A)
The pump is of the centrifugal type.
(B)
It is not driven by electric motor.
(C)
It is a variable speed constant delivery pump.
>
(D)
It is a constant speed variable delivery pump.
SET010000004648
N
12.
Oily water separators perform which of the following ?
>
(A)
They make sure that no oil is pumped overboard.
(B)
They make sure that no raw sewage is pumped overboard.
(C)
They clean engine scavenges.
(D)
They remove the water from the fuel before it is burnt.
SET010000004588
N
13.
Oily water separators are used in which one of the
following situations ?
(A)
To separate oil and water from compressed air systems.
(B)
To separate oil and water from refrigeration gas in the refrigeration cycle.
>
(C)
As part of the bilge pump system.
(D)
To separate water from lubricating oil.
SET010000004573
N
14.
In the engine room a pressure vessel half full of air and half
of water that supplies water to
the accommodation is called ..........
(A)
a mains water supply.
(B)
a fresh water tank.
>
(C)
a pneupress or hydrophore tank.
(D)
an evaporator.
SET010000004668
N
15.
Which type of pump would be most suitable for pumping
large quantities such as oil
cargoes ?
(A)
Screw pumps.
>
(B)
Centrifugal pumps.
(C)
Reciprocating pumps.
(D)
Gear pumps.
SET010000004623
N
16.
Name the type of shut off valve that has a wedge which
slides up and down ?
(A)
A non-return valve.
>
(B)
A gate valve.
161

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(C)
(D)

A globe valve.
A safety valve.

(4) The right answer will have a ">" to the left of the option letter
Print 11-Feb-2014 12:55
p.m.
SET010000004581
N
17.
In an engine room, pipework coloured green carries which
of the following ?
(A)
Fresh water for drinking.
(B)
Fresh water for main engine cooling.
>
(C)
Sea water.
(D)
Lubricating oil.
SET010000004622
N
18.
A non-return valve can be identified from an ordinary valve
by .............
(A)
its flanges.
(B)
its spindle.
(C)
its handle.
>
(D)
an arrow on the body of the valve.
SET010000004578
N
19.
On modern ships, which type of pump would be used for
supplying lubricating oil to the
main engine ?
(A)
A small gear type positive displacement pump.
(B)
A large centrifugal pump.
(C)
An axial flow pump.
>
(D)
A scroll type positive displacement pump.
SET010000004603
N
20.
Flange joints or gaskets made from metal would be used in
which of the following places ?
(A)
Hot water system pipe flanges.
(B)
Water pump casings.
(C)
Lubricating oil valve casing flanges.
>
(D)
Engine exhaust flanges.
SET010000004666
N
21.
Most pumps on modern ships are driven by which of the
following ?
>
(A)
Electric motors.
(B)
Small diesel engines.
(C)
Steam turbines.
(D)
The main engine.
ES-02-Electrical Installations and Associated Dangers
Question Code Question
SET010000004214
N
1.
Concerning modern 13 amp square pin electric plugs which
of the following statements is
true ?
(A)
The fuse is at the neutral connection.
(B)
The neutral wire is coloured brown.
>
(C)
The earth wire goes to the centre top connection.
(D)
The live wire is coloured blue.
SET010000004227
N
2.
Onboard modern ships the main electrical power circuits
are served by .............
(A)
220 volts.
(B)
110 volts.
>
(C)
440 volts.
(D)
220 volts.
162

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SET010000004209
N
3.
An electrical breaker is defined as which of the following ?
(A)
A device for changing voltage.
(B)
A circuit for producing D.C. from A.C.
(C)
An isolating switch.
>
(D)
A device that acts as a fuse as well as a switch.
SET010000000116
N
4.
The electrolyte in a charged lead acid battery consists of
water and ................
(A)
hydrochloric acid..
(B)
potassium hydroxide.
(C)
muriatic acid.
>
(D)
dilute sulphuric acid.
SET010000004217
N
5.
If excessive current flows in a circuit which of the following
automatically isolates the circuit
(A)
The ammeter.
(B)
The isolating switch.
(C)
The rectifier.
>
(D)
The fuse.
SET010000004216
N
6.
Which of the following would be powered by 440 volts A.C.
on a modern ship ?
(A)
Emergency generator starter motors.
>
(B)
Electric motors running pumps.
(C)
Accommodation lighting.
(D)
Alarm panels.
SET010000004201
N
7.
The main switchboard on a ship is usually situated in which
of the following places ?
(A)
The accommodation.
>
(B)
The Machinery Control Room.
(C)
The Bridge.
(D)
The alternator flat.
SET010000004199
N
8.
On board ship an electrical transformer is used to
...............
(A)
isolate a circuit automatically.
>
(B)
change A.C. voltage from one value to another.
(C)
change D.C. voltage from one value to another.
(D)
produce D.C. from A.C.
SET010000004225
N
9.
Watts are a measurement of ............
>
(A)
electrical power.
(B)
electrical pressure.
(C)
resistance.
(D)
electricity flow.
SET010000002225
N
10.
In this picture of a very commonly used lamp, what are
items No. 10 ?
>
(A)
The end fittings.
(B)
The starting ends.
(C)
The armature fixtures.
(D)
The ignition plugs.
SET010000004208
N
11.
which colour wire is attached to live
(A)
Black
(B)
Yellow and green
>
(C)
Brown

When wiring a modern 13 amp square pin electric plug

163

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(D)
Blue
SET010000004213
N
12.
Ohms are a measure of which of the following ?
(A)
The quantity of electricity flowing along a conductor.
(B)
The pressure required to drive the electricity through a conductor.
(C)
Electrical power in a generator circuit.
>
(D)
A conductor's resistance to electricity flowing along it.
SET010000004226
N
13.
Behind the main switchboard are copper bars carrying
electrical current. These are called
...........
(A)
batteries.
>
(B)
busbars.
(C)
transformers.
(D)
breakers.
SET010000004224
N
14.
A valve which is operated by an electric circuit is called a
..........
>
(A)
solenoid valve.
(B)
thermostatic valve.
(C)
motorized valve.
(D)
breaker.
SET010000004207
N
15.
The instrument used to measure electrical insulation is
called ............
(A)
an ammeter.
>
(B)
a megger.
(C)
a motormeter.
(D)
a voltmeter.
SET010000002229
N
16.
What is item No. 14 as shown here in this fluorescent lamp
assembly ?
>
(A)
The starter.
(B)
The light switch.
(C)
The reset button.
(D)
The automatic fuse.
SET010000002317
N
17.
What are the prime movers that can be used to drive
medium to large size industrial
alternators ?
(A)
Steam turbines.
>
(B)
Any of the other options.
(C)
Gas or hydraulic turbines.
(D)
Internal combustion engines.
SET010000004197
N
18.
On a motorship whilst in port electrical power is provided
by ....................
(A)
shaft alternators.
(B)
turbo alternators.
(C)
batteries.
>
(D)
diesel generators.
SET010000002227
N
19.
What is the proper name of the lamp shown here item No.
12 ?
>
(A)
A TL fluorescent lamp.
(B)
A FX neon lamp.
(C)
A SL daylight saver lamp.
(D)
A GE ballast lamp.
SET010000004194
N
20.
Which of the following duties would NOT be served by
primary batteries ?
164

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(A)
Emergency generator starting.
(B)
Emergency lighting.
>
(C)
The powering of hand torches.
(D)
Low voltage systems such as telephones.
SET010000004219
N
21.
220 volts would supply which of the following on a modern
ship ?
(A)
Purifiers.
(B)
Large main pumps.
>
(C)
Engine room lighting.
(D)
Main air compressors.
SET010000004222
N
22.
Busbars are ........
(A)
special types of fuse.
(B)
electrical switchboards.
>
(C)
copper bars carrying electrical current.
(D)
devices for changing voltage.
SET010000004223
N
23.
When changing a fuse care must be taken NOT to .....
(A)
have the engineer check the equipment.
>
(B)
fit a higher capacity fuse.
(C)
isolate the supply.
(D)
discard the blown fuse.
SET010000004206
N
24.
The name given to the force that drives electrical current is
which of the following ?
(A)
Amperes.
(B)
Ohms.
(C)
Watts.
>
(D)
Voltage.
SET010000004204
N
25.
The piece of electrical equipment used for changing a
voltage, up or down, is called
(A)
a switch.
(B)
a circuit breaker.
>
(C)
a transformer.
(D)
a fuse.
SET010000004218
N
26.
When wiring a modern 13 amp square pin electric plug
which colour wire is attached to
earth ?
(A)
Black
(B)
Blue
(C)
Brown
>
(D)
Yellow and green
SET010000004229
N
27.
A conductor's electrical current is measured in..........
>
(A)
Amperes.
(B)
Watts.
(C)
Volts.
(D)
Ohms.
SET010000004205
N
28.
The charge in a lead acid battery can be measured with
which of the following ?
(A)
An ammeter.
(B)
A thermometer.
(C)
A wattmeter.
>
(D)
A hydrometer.
SET010000004198
N
29.
A small electrical circuit can be used to switch on a larger
circuit with which of the following
165

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
A transformer.
(B)
A busbar.
>
(C)
A relay.
(D)
A breaker.
SET010000004200
N
30.
Which of the following statements about shaft alternators
is true ?
(A)
Shaft alternators produce the electrical power on steamships.
(B)
Shaft alternators produce direct current.
(C)
They are only found on ships powered by slow speed diesel engines.
>
(D)
They produce the electrical power when a ship powered by medium speed
diesels is at
sea.
SET010000004220
N
31.
On board modern ships the majority of the lights are
powered by ...............
>
(A)
220 volts.
(B)
440 volts.
(C)
50 volts.
(D)
110 volts.
SET010000004221
N
32.
When wiring a modern 13 amp square pin electric plug
which colour wire is attached to
neutral ?
(A)
Black
>
(B)
Blue
(C)
Brown
(D)
Yellow and green
SET010000004212
N
33.
Which of the following statements about electrical fuses is
true ?
(A)
When a fuse fails it is necessary to replace it immediately.
(B)
After a fuse has failed it restores the current automatically once the fault has been
found.
>
(C)
Fuses protect circuits and people from excess current automatically.
(D)
A regularly failing fuse should be replaced with one of a high rating.
SET010000004228
N
34.
A hydrometer is used to measure ..............
(A)
the acid content of a battery.
(B)
the water content of the battery.
(C)
the internal temperature of a battery.
>
(D)
the specific gravity of the battery electrolyte.

RS-11D-Maritime English Section 1 - Correct Sentence


Question Code Question
SET010000003593
N
1.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
What would you have done in such a situation?
(B)
What were you did in such a situation?
(C)
What was you done in such a situation?
(D)
What would you have did in such a situation?
SET010000003580
N
2.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I should a having a known you were coming.
(B)
I should have knowing you were coming.
>
(C)
I should have known you were coming.
(D)
I should have knowed you were coming.
166

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SET010000003589
N
3.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
The sea is rougher than before.
(B)
The sea are more rough than before.
(C)
The sea was most rougher than before.
(D)
The sea is most rougher than before.
SET010000003596
N
4.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
How does you did that?
(B)
How do you does that?
>
(C)
How do you do that?
(D)
How did you doing that?
SET010000000432
N
5.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
I hate rice when it's overcooked
(B)
I am hating rice when it's overcooked
(C)
I hating rices when it's overcooked
(D)
I hate the rices when it's overcooked
SET010000003571
N
6.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
You like something to eat now?
(B)
Have you like something to eat now?
(C)
Did you like something to eat now?
>
(D)
Would you like something to eat now?
SET010000003578
N
7.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
Were you liking to come to my house?
(B)
Can you like coming to my house?
(C)
May you like coming to my house?
>
(D)
Would you like to come to my house?
SET010000003592
N
8.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
It was always best to told the truth.
(B)
It were always best to told the truth.
>
(C)
It is always best to tell the truth.
(D)
It is always best to telling the truth.
SET010000003572
N
9.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
My dog was dead last week.
(B)
My dog have die last week.
(C)
My dog will died next week.
>
(D)
My dog died last week.
SET010000003590
N
10.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
If it rains, the air will clear.
(B)
If it is raining, the air would clear.
(C)
If it were raining, the air was clear.
(D)
If it was rained, the air will clear.
SET010000003577
N
11.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I like to playing basketball very much.
>
(B)
I like playing basketball very much.
(C)
I liking playing basketball very much.
(D)
I like very much playing the basketball.
SET010000003575
N
12.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
Let me pay for your ticket.
(B)
Let me paying for your ticket.
(C)
Let me pay your ticket.
(D)
Can me pay for your ticket?
SET010000003588
N
13.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I was always worked on oil tankers.
167

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(B)
I were always worked on oil tankers.
>
(C)
I have always worked on oil tankers.
(D)
I am always worked on oil tankers.
SET010000003574
N
14.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
Did you listen to the radio?
(B)
Can you listening to the radio?
(C)
Have you listened the radio?
(D)
Were you listened to the radio?
SET010000003584
N
15.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
It was important understand the procedures correctly.
>
(B)
It is important to understand procedures correctly.
(C)
It is important to understood procedures correctly.
(D)
It were important to understand procedures correctly.
SET010000003594
N
16.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
Are you happy on your last ship?
(B)
Is you happy in your last ship?
(C)
Was you happy in your last ship?
>
(D)
Were you happy in your last ship?
SET010000003587
N
17.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
I have been a seaman since 1980.
(B)
I were being a seaman since 1980.
(C)
I am being a seaman since 1980.
(D)
I was been a seaman since 1980.
SET010000003595
N
18.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I am careful on tankers because they are danger.
(B)
I care in the tankers because they are dangerous.
(C)
I careful on tankers because they are dangerous.
>
(D)
I am careful on tankers because they are dangerous.
SET010000003576
N
19.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
Did you pay for the house in cash?
(B)
Are you paying the house in cash?
(C)
Can you pay the house in cash?
(D)
Did you paying the house in cash?
SET010000003582
N
20.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I hope you are enjoy yourself.
>
(B)
I hope you'll enjoy yourself.
(C)
I hoping you would enjoy yourself.
(D)
I hope you'd enjoying yourself.
SET010000003581
N
21.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
Safety were the best policy at all time.
>
(B)
Safety is the best policy at all times.
(C)
Safety are the best policy at all times.
(D)
Safety the best policy at all time.
SET010000003579
N
22.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I may to helping everyone.
(B)
I were helping everyone.
>
(C)
I want to help everyone.
(D)
I can to help everyone.
SET010000003573
N
23.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
Were you born in Manila?
(B)
Have you born in Manila?
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(C)
Was you born in Manila?
(D)
Where you born in Manila?
SET010000003586
N
24.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
What are you think about?
>
(B)
What were you thinking about?
(C)
What do you thinking about?
(D)
What were you think about?
SET010000003591
N
25.
Select the correct sentence.
>
(A)
How long have you been a seaman?
(B)
How long were you been a seaman?
(C)
How long was you been a seaman?
(D)
How long is you been a seaman?
SET010000003585
N
26.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
Was I known about it, I would have attended immediately.
>
(B)
Had I known about it, I would have attended to it immediately.
(C)
Were I known about it, I would have attended immediately.
(D)
Had I knowing about it, I would have attended immediately.
SET010000003583
N
27.
Select the correct sentence.
(A)
I needed to studying hard to passing the board exam.
(B)
I needed to studied hard to pass the board exam.
>
(C)
I need to study hard to pass the board exam.
(D)
I needing to study hard to pass the board exam.
RS-11E1-Maritime English Section 1 - Elementary
Question Code Question
SET010000004811
N
1.
What does the word "pallet" mean ?
(A)
A large cargo grab.
(B)
A cargo net.
(C)
A small cargo container.
>
(D)
A tray to carry cargo or on which cargo is fixed.
SET010000004843
N
2.
What does the term "afloat" mean ?
(A)
Anything that can float.
>
(B)
Laying on top of the water.
(C)
A piece of lifeboat equipment.
(D)
At anchor.
SET010000004834
N
3.
What does the term "bosun" (boatswain) mean ?
>
(A)
The deck foreman.
(B)
The engine room foreman.
(C)
The man in charge of a lifeboat.
(D)
The leader of all the ratings.
SET010000004807
N
4.
What does the word "fathom" mean ?
(A)
The width of the anchor cable.
(B)
The length of the anchor cable.
(C)
A measurement equal to 60 feet (18.3 meters).
>
(D)
A measurement equal to 6 feet (1.83 meters).
SET010000004839
N
5.
What does the term "forenoon watch" mean ?
(A)
The 00:00 - 04:00 watch.
(B)
The master's watch.
>
(C)
The 08:00 - 12:00 watch.
(D)
The 04:00 - 08:00 watch.
SET010000004821
N
6.
What does the word "manifest" mean ?
(A)
A complete list of lifeboat stores.
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(B)
A declaration from the captain to port authorities.
(C)
A list of all crew onboard.
>
(D)
A complete list of cargo and stores.
SET010000004844
N
7.
What does the term "amidships" mean ?
(A)
At 90 degrees to the fore and aft line.
(B)
The middle of the accommodation.
(C)
The centre-line across the ship.
>
(D)
The middle of the ship lengthwise.
SET010000004812
N
8.
What does the term "sea time" mean ?
(A)
The difference between the ship's clock and Greenwich Mean Time.
(B)
The time spent on watch.
>
(C)
The time served by crew between signing on and signing off.
(D)
The time it takes a ship to go from one port to another.
SET010000004813
N
9.
What does the term "thwartships" mean ?
(A)
The fore and aft line of the ship.
(B)
A bench or seat in a lifeboat.
(C)
The middle of the ship.
>
(D)
Across the ship from one side to the other.
SET010000004835
N
10.
What is a "telegraph" ?
(A)
A type of telex machine.
(B)
Radio equipment for sending/receiving messages via satellite.
(C)
A message sent by radio.
>
(D)
Equipment on the bridge with a handle to convey orders to the engine
room.
SET010000004806
N
11.
What does the term "to coil" mean ?
(A)
Part of a rope.
(B)
To lubricate something.
(C)
An electrical part.
>
(D)
To stow a rope in a circular fashion.
SET010000004842
N
12.
What does the term "abaft" mean ?
>
(A)
Behind.
(B)
Alongside.
(C)
Going backwards.
(D)
To starboard.
SET010000004833
N
13.
What is a "sounding pipe" ?
(A)
A pipe used to find the depth of water under keel.
>
(B)
A pipe leading from the weather deck to bilges or double bottom.
(C)
A pipe hit with a steel rod at the end of each watch.
(D)
A pipe leading from the bridge to the engine room or the captain's cabin.
SET010000004808
N
14.
What does the word "overboard" mean ?
(A)
To discard items into the sea.
(B)
The covering over a cargo hold.
>
(C)
In the water.
(D)
The quay side of ship.
SET010000004817
N
15.
What does the term "capsize" mean ?
(A)
A vertical rotating barrel for hauling mooring lines.
(B)
To go overboard.
>
(C)
To turn over.
(D)
A very large bulk carrier with no cranes.
SET010000004831
N
16.
What is a "Panama fairlead" ?
>
(A)
A rounded fairlead that is closed at the top.
(B)
A vertical roller used to lead a rope on to a mooring winch.
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(C)
A fairlead consisting of vertical rollers open at the top.
(D)
A fairlead consisting of 4 rollers closed at the top.
SET010000004819
N
17.
What is a "beam" ?
(A)
Another ship alongside yours
(B)
A type of dried vegetable.
>
(C)
A transverse angle iron to support deck or hatch covers.
(D)
The widest part of a ship.
SET010000004816
N
18.
What does the word "wake" mean ?
>
(A)
The disturbed water left astern of a ship.
(B)
The time to call the next watch.
(C)
The wave at the bow of the ship.
(D)
The time to call day-workers.
SET010000004830
N
19.
What is a "jackstaff" ?
(A)
The place on the main mast for hoisting signal flags.
(B)
A flagpole over the stern.
(C)
A spar signal mast.
>
(D)
A flagpole on the bow.
SET010000004801
N
20.
Where is the monkey island ?
(A)
Between the main deck and top deck.
(B)
In the engine room.
>
(C)
On top of the bridge.
(D)
Up the main mast.
SET010000004804
N
21.
What does the word "leeward" mean ?
(A)
The side of the ship from which the wind blows.
(B)
Places where there is no wind blowing.
(C)
The sheltered parts of the ship.
>
(D)
The side of the ship away from the wind.
SET010000004829
N
22.
What is a "derrick" ?
(A)
Another name for a gantry crane.
>
(B)
A boom that pivots and can be raised or lowered to work cargo.
(C)
The jib of a crane.
(D)
A spar rigged outboard.
SET010000004832
N
23.
What does "freeboard" mean ?
(A)
A board fitted in hatchway to prevent movement of cargo.
>
(B)
The distance from the waterline to main deck.
(C)
The maximum amount of cargo a ship can load.
(D)
A non crew member carried as a passenger without charge.
SET010000004825
N
24.
What is the "fore peak" ?
>
(A)
A tank in the bow.
(B)
The forward most cargo space.
(C)
The very front part of a ship that cuts through the water.
(D)
A locker in the bow for anchor cable.
SET010000004838
N
25.
What is a "windlass" ?
(A)
A winch for heavy lifts used with a jumbo derrick.
(B)
A portable air driven winch.
(C)
Any type of mooring winch.
>
(D)
A machine at the bow designed to raise the anchor.
SET010000004826
N
26.
What is a "fair lead" ?
(A)
A special type of cargo block.
(B)
The metal plate that joins two cargo runners.
(C)
A swivel rigged on a derrick head.
>
(D)
An opening in the ship's side for mooring ropes.
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SET010000004841
N
27.
What does the word "navigate" mean ?
(A)
An electronic position fixing instrument using satellites.
(B)
The method of finding the ship's position.
(C)
The shortest route between two ports.
>
(D)
The method for a vessel to sail from one place to another.
SET010000004827
N
28.
What is a "deadlight" ?
>
(A)
A metal cover for a porthole.
(B)
A shielded light for working in cargo spaces.
(C)
A light no longer working.
(D)
An opening at the top of the engine room.
SET010000004823
N
29.
What is the "steering flat" ?
>
(A)
The compartment where the steering motor is located.
(B)
The place from where steering orders are issued.
(C)
A platform behind the steering wheel.
(D)
A type of emergency rudder.
SET010000004809
N
30.
What does the term "weatherside" mean ?
(A)
The open spaces on the main deck.
>
(B)
The side of the ship from which the wind blows.
(C)
The main or upper deck.
(D)
The side of the ship away from the wind.
SET010000004820
N
31.
What does the word "bilge" mean ?
(A)
Waste from the galley.
(B)
The sewage treatment tank.
(C)
Loose talk or gossip.
>
(D)
The lowest part of the inside of the ship.
SET010000004822
N
32.
What does the word "underway" mean ?
(A)
Preparing to leave the port
(B)
Proceeding through water
>
(C)
Not at anchor, not aground and not tied up to a quay.
(D)
Starting the engine
SET010000004814
N
33.
What does the term "turn-to" mean ?
>
(A)
To start work.
(B)
To get ready to work.
(C)
To go to sleep.
(D)
To eat a meal in the ship's mess.
SET010000004824
N
34.
What is a "funnel" ?
(A)
An engine room ventilator.
(B)
An air shaft or ventilator leading into a cargo tank.
>
(C)
A structure which encloses the ship's engine exhaust pipe.
(D)
The place at the bottom of the ship through which the propeller shaft runs.
SET010000004815
N
35.
What does the word "bitts" mean ?
(A)
Short pieces of rope and chain used when mooring.
>
(B)
Short cylindrical steel posts used to secure mooring lines.
(C)
Pieces of wood of varying size for securing cargo.
(D)
The very forward end of the bow.
SET010000004805
N
36.
What does the term "in ballast" mean ?
(A)
A ship fully loaded.
>
(B)
A ship carrying water in place of any cargo.
(C)
A ship with empty double bottom tanks.
(D)
A ship in port.
SET010000004837
N
37.
What does the word "bulkhead" mean ?
172

Maquinaria Naval

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(A)
The sides of a cofferdam.
(B)
The vertical wall between the after most hold and the engine room.
>
(C)
A vertical steel wall or partition.
(D)
The vertical wall between the fore peak and No.1 hold.
SET010000004845
N
38.
What is a "rat guard" ?
(A)
A type of trap.
>
(B)
A circular metal covering placed over mooring lines.
(C)
A man stationed at the gangway.
(D)
A poison carried onboard.
SET010000004818
N
39.
What does the word "set" mean ?
>
(A)
The effect of tide or current on a ship.
(B)
The time each day clocks are adjusted on an ocean passage.
(C)
The effect of the wind on the ship.
(D)
A complete collection.
SET010000004810
N
40.
What does the word "gangway" mean ?
(A)
The way to reach the bridge.
(B)
The ladder fitted to a mast or Samson post.
(C)
The ladder to the lower holds.
>
(D)
The means of access to the ship from the quayside.
SET010000004802
N
41.
What does the word "master" mean ?
(A)
The list of all stores on board.
>
(B)
The legal title of the captain.
(C)
The name for all department heads.
(D)
The key that opens all locks onboard.
SET010000004800
N
42.
What does the word "draught" (draft) mean ?
(A)
A strong movement of air.
>
(B)
The distance from the waterline to the keel.
(C)
The distance from the waterline to the maindeck.
(D)
The distance from the bow to the stern
(4) The right answer will have a ">" to the left of the option letter
Print 11-Feb-2014 12:55
p.m.
SET010000004828
N
43.
What is the "hawse pipe" ?
(A)
The pipe leading into the anchor chain locker.
(B)
A mooring line lead for the Panama canal.
(C)
The pipe that carries water to the fire hydrants on deck.
>
(D)
The pipe through which the anchor cable connects to anchor.
SET010000004803
N
44.
What is the "after peak" ?
(A)
The aftermost storeroom.
(B)
The highest point of the after deck.
>
(C)
An enclosed space at the aft end of the ship.
(D)
The deck above the bridge.
SET010000004836
N
45.
What does "VLCC" mean ?
(A)
Very large container compartment.
(B)
Very long cargo compartment.
(C)
Volatile liquid container carrier.
>
(D)
Very large crude carrier.
RS-11F-Maritime English Section 1 - Equipment Vocabulary (Engine)
Question Code Question
SET010000003651
N
1.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
An outboard engine.
(B)
A portable pump.
173

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>
(C)
A portable air compressor
(D)
A portable generator.
SET010000000227
N
2.
What does the picture show ?
>
(A)
Lagged pipes.
(B)
Fuel oil pipes.
(C)
Fresh water pipes.
(D)
Exhaust pipes.
SET010000000228
N
3.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
A compressor.
(B)
A generator.
>
(C)
A purifier.
(D)
A turbine pump.
SET010000000224
N
4.
What does the picture show ?
>
(A)
A purifier.
(B)
An evaporator.
(C)
A compressor.
(D)
A fire pump.
SET010000000216
N
5.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
An emergency lifeboat radio.
>
(B)
An EPIRB
(C)
A red parachute rocket distress flare
(D)
A man overboard light/smoke signal
SET010000000229
N
6.
What does the picture show ?
>
(A)
A generator alternator.
(B)
A compressor.
(C)
A fuel pump.
(D)
A purifier.
SET010000003632
N
7.
What does the picture show ?
>
(A)
A man overboard lifebuoy with attached light and smoke signal
(B)
An early warning signal.
(C)
A lifebuoy with parachute distress flare
(D)
A stored lifebuoy with light.
SET010000000222
N
8.
What does the picture show ?
>
(A)
An auxiliary engine coupled with an alternator.
(B)
An emergency fire pump connected to an auxiliary engine.
(C)
An oily water separator.
(D)
A refrigeration plant compressor.
SET010000000223
N
9.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
A purifier.
(B)
A generator.
>
(C)
A compressor.
(D)
An auxiliary engine.
SET010000000225
N
10.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
Cylinder heads.
(B)
Injectors.
(C)
Turbo chargers.
>
(D)
Pump motors.
SET010000003625
N
11.
What is the pipe shown in the picture?
(A)
It is a mast raiser
(B)
It is a sounding pipe.
>
(C)
It is a tank vent pipe
(D)
It is a wing tank filling pipe.
174

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SET010000000230
N
12.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
An air-condition compressor
(B)
A generator.
(C)
A purifier.
>
(D)
A turbo charger.
SET010000003635
N
13.
What does the picture show ?
>
(A)
The lifeboat brake and falls release cable
(B)
The controls of a watertight door.
(C)
The lifeboat engine starting levers
(D)
The controls of a lifeboat escape hatch.
SET010000003665
N
14.
What does the picture show ?
(A)
Canvas covers.
>
(B)
A ship's stretcher.
(C)
Fire hoses drying after use.
(D)
Air vent covers drying.
SET010000004097
N
15.
What is shown in this picture ?
(A)
A generator.
(B)
A purifier
>
(C)
A pump and an electrical motor
(D)
A compressor and an electrical motor
RS-11G-Maritime English Section 1 - Grammar
Question Code Question
SET010000003511
N
1.
Click on the correct verb form to complete the sentence.
THE ANTI-POLLUTION
MATERIALS ______ READY.
(A)
are being
(B)
be
(C)
will have being
>
(D)
are
SET010000003709
N
2.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "assist":
Crewmembers
___________________ each other are what the company needs.
(A)
assist
(B)
assists
(C)
assisted
>
(D)
assisting
SET010000003512
N
3.
Click on the correct sentence.
(A)
Does they want water on deck ?
(B)
Water in deck they wanting.
(C)
Water they want on deck.
>
(D)
They want water on deck.
SET010000003535
N
4.
Click on the correct word to complete the sentence. IT
LOOKS AS IF WE HAVE
COMPLETE ______ OF THE STARBOARD PUMP.
>
(A)
failure
(B)
fail
(C)
failing
(D)
failed
SET010000003700
N
5.
SELECT THE VERB WHICH IS APPROPRIATE TO USE IN THE
SENTENCE: Man and
animals should __________________ and exist together.
(A)
encourage
175

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


(B)
(C)
>

work
from
(D)

live

SET010000003702
N
6.
WRITE THE CORRECT PRONOUN THAT AGREES WITH THE
SUBJECT TO COMPLETE
THE TAG-QUESTION. The government's effort in preventing drug addiction is not a failure,
is
______?
(A)
they
>
(B)
it
(C)
she
(D)
he
SET010000003695
N
7.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "taste" IN THE
FOLLOWING SENTENCE:
Green mangoes, though sour, ________________ delicious.
(A)
tasted
(B)
tastes
(C)
tasting
>
(D)
taste
SET010000003534
N
8.
Click on the sentence where the words are in the correct
order.
(A)
The fire in Zone 3 we investigate.
(B)
The fire investigating we in Zone 3.
(C)
Zone 3 are the fire investigating.
>
(D)
We're investigating the fire in Zone 3.
SET010000003697
N
9.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "feel" IN THE
FOLLOWING SENTENCE:
Most of the crew ____________________ hungry whenever they see delicious food.
(A)
will feel
>
(B)
feel
(C)
feels
(D)
feeling
SET010000003704
N
10.
WRITE THE CORRECT PRONOUN THAT AGREES WITH THE
SUBJECT TO COMPLETE
THE TAG-QUESTION. Parental guidance plays an important role in the upbringing of
today's children, doesn't _______?
(A)
they
(B)
he
>
(C)
it
(D)
she
SET010000003705
N
11.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "affect": The
problem ________ the crew
onboard is low morale.
(A)
affects
(B)
affect
>
(C)
affecting
(D)
affected
SET010000003706
N
12.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "suffer": The
seamen ________________
from unpaid wages and horrific working conditions should be helped by the port state
(A)
suffered
176

Maquinaria Naval

Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(C)
(D)

(B)
suffering
suffer
suffers

SET010000003519
N
13.
Click on the correct form of the word PROTECT to
complete the sentence. WHEN YOU
ARE OPERATING A LATHE MACHINE YOU MUST WEAR EYE _________.
>
(A)
protection
(B)
protecting
(C)
protected
(D)
protects
SET010000003699
N
14.
SELECT THE VERB WHICH IS APPROPRIATE TO USE IN THE
SENTENCE: The wish of
every individual _______________ a dignified life.
(A)
develop
(B)
are
>
(C)
is
(D)
work
SET010000003710
N
15.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "work": A
company where all the
employees _______ in accordance with its mission will be successful.
(A)
worked
(B)
works
(C)
will work
>
(D)
work
SET010000003689
N
16.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "seem" IN THE
FOLLOWING SENTENCE:
The wiper ____________________ impatient of his work.
(A)
will seem
(B)
seem
(C)
seeming
>
(D)
seems
SET010000003696
N
17.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "sound" IN THE
FOLLOWING
SENTENCE: The way the Bosun talks makes the story ____________________ true.
>
(A)
sound
(B)
sounds
(C)
sounding
(D)
sounded
SET010000003703
N
18.
WRITE THE CORRECT PRONOUN THAT AGREES WITH THE
SUBJECT TO COMPLETE
THE TAG-QUESTION. A father exerts efforts to provide for the education of his children,
doesn't ______?
(A)
it
(B)
she
>
(C)
he
(D)
they
SET010000003701
N
19.
WRITE THE CORRECT PRONOUN THAT AGREES WITH THE
SUBJECT TO COMPLETE
THE TAG-QUESTION. Most couples consider marriage a sacred union, don't _________?
(A)
I
(B)
we
177

Maquinaria Naval

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(C)
>

you
(D)

they

SET010000003708
N
20.
SELECT THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB "provide":
Jobless seafarers need
assistance ___________ by the government.
(A)
providing
>
(B)
provided
(C)
provide
(D)
provides
SET010000003504
N
21.
Click on the sentence where the words are in the correct
order
(A)
A good idea I think it is.
(B)
I thinking good idea.
(C)
Is good idea I thinking
>
(D)
I think it's a good idea.
SET010000003533
N
22.
Click on the correct answer to the question. How long has
he been in the water?
>
(A)
He has been in the water for 3 minutes.
(B)
He was in the water for 3 minutes.
(C)
He's being in the water for 3 minutes.
(D)
He's in the water since 3 minutes.
RS-11H-Maritime English Section 1 - Grammar Structures & Vocabulary
Question Code Question
SET010000003620
N
1.
Which tense do you use to describe something that has
happened already ?
>
(A)
past tense
(B)
neutral tense
(C)
future tense
(D)
present tense
SET010000003531
N
2.
What is the man in the foreground of the picture using?
(A)
Sawdust
>
(B)
Scoop
(C)
Brush
(D)
Squeegee
SET010000003527
N
3.
Click on the correct answer. What's he doing?
>
(A)
He's looking for a leak.
(B)
He's putting the bar across.
(C)
He is opening the valve
(D)
He's tightening the bolts
SET010000003528
N
4.
Click on the correct answer to complete the sentence.
There's a man overboard. YOU CAN
START _______ THE RESCUE BOAT NOW.
(A)
slacking
(B)
raising
(C)
putting down
>
(D)
lowering
.
SET010000003522
N
5.
When you see the symbol on the right, what should you
wear?
(A)
Woolen Helmets
(B)
Hats
178

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Examen de Ascenso de Jefe de Maquinas


>
(C)
Safety Helmets
(D)
Caps
SET010000003505
N
6.
Click on the correct answer to complete the sentence. IF
HE DOESN'T LOOK WHERE
HE'S GOING HE'LL _______ THE STAIRS.
(A)
fall into
>
(B)
slip on
(C)
fall up
(D)
slip out
SET010000003526
N
7.
To which side of the tanker is the bunkering barge
moored?
(A)
Port side
(B)
Right side
>
(C)
Starboard side
(D)
Left side
SET010000003619
N
8.
Which tense do you use to describe something that is
about to happen?
(A)
neutral tense
(B)
present tense
>
(C)
future tense
(D)
past tense
SET010000003506
N
9.
Click on the correct answer to complete the question.
_______ ARE THE FIRE
EXTINGUISHERS?
(A)
Why
(B)
When
(C)
Who
>
(D)
Where
SET010000003503
N
10.
Select the correct answer to complete the sentence. IT IS
POSSIBLE THAT SOME OIL
_______ GO INTO THE DOCK.
(A)
must
(B)
should
(C)
would
>
(D)
might
SET010000003509
N
11.
Click on the sentence where the words are in the correct
order.
(A)
Enter you are a danger zone.
>
(B)
You are entering a danger zone.
(C)
Are you a danger zone entering
(D)
You danger zone are entering.
SET010000003500
N
12.
Select the correct answer to complete the sentence. When
the captain wants to know the
amount of oil spilled he would ask ? ______ OIL'S BEEN SPILLED?
(A)
Where
(B)
What
>
(C)
How much
(D)
How many
SET010000003529
N
13.
What are the men in the picture using?
(A)
Dustpans
>
(B)
Squeegees
(C)
Brooms
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(D)
Buckets
SET010000003521
N
14.
When you see the symbol in the middle, what should you
wear?
(A)
Sea Boots
(B)
Rain Boots
(C)
Rubber Boots
>
(D)
Safety Boots
SET010000003514
N
15.
Click on the correct answer to complete the sentence.
WHEN YOU LEAVE THE ROOM,
SWITCH THE IRON ___.
(A)
closed
(B)
down
(C)
out
>
(D)
off
SET010000003498
N
16.
Select the correct answer to complete the sentence.
Where is the anchor? THE ANCHOR
IS ______ THE WATER.
(A)
above
>
(B)
under
(C)
through
(D)
clear of
SET010000003507
N
17.
Click on the correct verb tense to complete the sentence. I
______ MY ANKLE
(A)
shall hurt
(B)
am hurting
(C)
I will be hurting
>
(D)
hurt
SET010000003497
N
18.
If someone is going to use water to put out a fire on
electrical equipment, what command
should you give?
(A)
Use not water to put out the fire.
(B)
Not using water to put out the fire.
(C)
You using water to put out the fire.
>
(D)
Do not use water to put out the fire.
SET010000003520
N
19.
When you see the symbol on the left, what should you
wear?
(A)
Safety Masks
(B)
Headphones
>
(C)
Ear Defenders
(D)
Helmets
RS-11I-Maritime English Section 1 - Matching & Non- Matching Words
Question Code Question
SET010000003673
N
1.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: THERE
IS NOT _______ TIME TO
WASTE.
(A)
more
(B)
many
(C)
most
>
(D)
much
SET010000003676
N
2.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: I HAD
A ________ COLD LAST
(A)
sick
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(B)
worst
(C)
worse
>
(D)
bad
SET010000003675
N
3.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence:
ERNESTO IS _____ WITH ASTHMA.
(A)
bad
>
(B)
sick
(C)
worst
(D)
worse
SET010000003667
N
4.
Select the word that is out of place.
(A)
roof
>
(B)
bus
(C)
room
(D)
house
SET010000003523
N
5.
Click on the correct answer. Which is the odd one out?
(A)
Hard Hat
(B)
Safety Shoes,
>
(C)
Breathing Apparatus.
(D)
Safety Goggles,
SET010000003668
N
6.
Select the word that is out of place.
(A)
exam
(B)
school
>
(C)
tourguide
(D)
teacher
SET010000003679
N
7.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: IF YOU
ALWAYS DO YOUR _______,
YOU WILL BE SATISFIED.
(A)
better
(B)
good
>
(C)
best
(D)
more
SET010000003669
N
8.
Select the word that is out of place.
>
(A)
engine
(B)
cargo
(C)
crane
(D)
hatch
SET010000003674
N
9.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: THERE
ARE ______ BEAUTIFUL
SIGHTS IN THE PHILIPPINES.
(A)
much
(B)
more
(C)
most
>
(D)
many
SET010000003677
N
10.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: WORK
BADLY DONE IS ______ THAN
WORK NOT DONE.
(A)
worst
>
(B)
worse
(C)
sicker
(D)
bader
SET010000003672
N
11.
Select the word that is out of place.
(A)
sailor
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(B)
captain
(C)
navigator
>
(D)
priest
SET010000003678
N
12.
Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: THERE
ARE ONLY A _____ LAKES
IN THE COUNTRY.
(A)
little
>
(B)
few
(C)
least
(D)
less
SET010000003671
N
13.
Select the word that is out of place.
(A)
galley
>
(B)
generator
(C)
stove
(D)
pots
SET010000003670
N
14.
Select the word that is out of place.
>
(A)
anchor
(B)
crane
(C)
derrick
(D)
hook
RS-11J-Maritime English Section 1 - Recognition of Sounds
Question Code Question
SET010000003491
N
1.
Listen and select the correct answer. How will you answer?
(A)
I will start the fire.
(B)
Is the fire going to stay?
(C)
It's easy to start.
>
(D)
It's difficult to say.

SET010000003483
N
2.
Listen and select the correct answer. What did he say?
(A)
No weaks around the gland seal.
(B)
No leaves in the gland seal.
(C)
No lights around the gland seal.
>
(D)
No leaks around the gland seal.
SET010000003493
N
3.
Listen and select the correct answer. How many degrees to
starboard should you steer?
>
(A)
five
(B)
four
(C)
seven
(D)
eleven
SET010000003477
N
4.
Listen and select the correct answer. This is the answer to
which question?
(A)
How is the anchor leading?
(B)
Which anchor can you see ?
(C)
The anchor is going now.
>
(D)
Is the anchor ready for letting go?
SET010000003474
N
5.
Listen and select the correct answer. When the sounding
is 6m what should you do next?
(A)
Close the valve to the aft tank.
>
(B)
Close the valve to the forward tank.
(C)
Open the valve to the forward tank.
(D)
Open the valve to the aft tank.
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SET010000003486
N
6.
Listen and select the correct answer. What course must we
steer?
(A)
two six fifty
>
(B)
two six five
(C)
two seven five
(D)
twenty six fifty
SET010000003481
N
7.
Listen and select the correct answer. What did he say?
(A)
I will check the port alternator.
>
(B)
I have checked the port alternator.
(C)
I was checking the pump alternator.
(D)
I been checking the port alternator.
SET010000003473
N
8.
Listen and select the correct answer. What should you
keep a good look out for?
>
(A)
leaks
(B)
leads
(C)
ships
(D)
lights
SET010000003495
N
9.
Listen and select the correct answer. What does this
mean?
(A)
We having an accident.
(B)
We are having an accident.
(C)
We will have an accident.
>
(D)
We have had an accident.
SET010000003484
N
10.
Listen and select the correct answer. What happened at
08.00 hours?
(A)
We put the van in place.
(B)
We put the van in brace.
>
(C)
We put the fan in place.
(D)
We put the fan in brace.
SET010000003482
N
11.
Listen and select the correct answer. What was the order
given?
(A)
Three go and check the gland seal.
(B)
Third go and check the gland leak.
(C)
Third go and get the gland seal.
>
(D)
Third go and check the gland seal.
SET010000003496
N
12.
Listen and select the correct answer to complete the
sentence. HE'S BEEN IN THE
WATER _________ .
(A)
before fourteen minutes
>
(B)
for about four minutes
(C)
since about forty minutes
(D)
after four minutes
SET010000003485
N
13.
Listen and select the correct answer. For how many hours
have you been ventilating?
(A)
eleven
>
(B)
seven
(C)
seventy
(D)
nine
SET010000003487
N
14.
Listen and select the correct answer. Why did the engines
fail?
(A)
Because of the water cleaning problem.
(B)
Because of the sealing problem.
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Maquinaria Naval

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>
(C)
Because of the water cooling problem.
(D)
Because of the water getting problem.
SET010000003469
N
15.
Listen and select the correct answer. How many tonnes
will be loaded to the forward tanks?
(A)
five
>
(B)
five hundred
(C)
five under
(D)
four hundred
SET010000003489
N
16.
Listen and select the correct answer. Which side should
you go to?
(A)
forward
(B)
left
>
(C)
right
(D)
aft
SET010000003470
N
17.
Listen to the question and then select the correct answer.
How will you answer?
>
(A)
We are ready to start bunkers.
(B)
We are receiving bunkers.
(C)
He is ready to start.
(D)
He has been receiving bunkers.
SET010000003468
N
18.
Listen and select the word you heard to complete the
sentence: PLEASE ____ THE PILOT
LADDER.
(A)
leave
(B)
bring
(C)
read
>
(D)
rig
SET010000003492
N
19.
Listen and select the correct answer. When should you
come?
(A)
After a few minutes
>
(B)
Now
(C)
In a short while
(D)
As soon as possible
SET010000003490
N
20.
Listen and select the correct answer. Why did the pump
stop?
>
(A)
Because of the power problem.
(B)
Because of the fire problem.
(C)
Because of another problem.
(D)
Because of the blower problem..
SET010000003479
N
21.
Listen and select the correct answer to complete the
sentence. When should you hoist the
anchor signal? ________ YOU LEAVE.
(A)
For
(B)
Afford
(C)
After
>
(D)
Before
SET010000003472
N
22.
Listen and select the correct answer. What did he ask you
to do?
(A)
Watch for the pipe leaks carefully.
(B)
Wash the pipe seals carefully.
>
(C)
Watch the pipe seals carefully.
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Maquinaria Naval

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(D)
Wipe the pipe seals carefully.
SET010000003488
N
23.
Listen and select the correct word(s) to complete the
sentence. THE JACKET WATER
TEMPERATURE IS ________ .
(A)
okay
>
(B)
very high
(C)
little high
(D)
fairly high
SET010000003480
N
24.
Listen and select the correct answer. What should you
check?
(A)
the port refrigerator
(B)
the start alternator
>
(C)
the port alternator
(D)
the pump alternator
SET010000003494
N
25.
Listen and select the correct answer. When should you
inform him?
(A)
As soon as you have gone.
(B)
As soon as they are ready.
(C)
As soon as he is ready.
>
(D)
As soon as you are ready.
SET010000003537
N
26.
Listen and select the correct answer. How many tonnes
will be loaded into the aft tanks?
(A)
forty
(B)
fourteen
>
(C)
four hundred
(D)
four
SET010000003471
N
27.
Listen and select the correct answer. When did bunkering
start?
>
(A)
10.30
(B)
10.13
(C)
3.30
(D)
10.15
SET010000003476
N
28.
Listen and select the correct answer. How should you hold
the anchor?
(A)
on the brick
>
(B)
on the brake
(C)
down the brake
(D)
on the lake
SET010000003475
N
29.
Listen and select the correct answer. What should you tell
the bargeman?
(A)
We've loaded only into the aft tank.
(B)
Are you loading into the aft tank only?
(C)
We're loading into the forward tank only.
>
(D)
We're loading into the aft tank only.

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Maquinaria Naval