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DELHI PRIVATE SCHOOL, DUBAI

ASSIGNMENT FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL 2015-2016


THEME-MYSELF
Read the poem and answer the following questions.
Another Chance
How often we wish for another chance
To make a fresh beginning
A chance to blot out our mistakes
And change failures into winning.
It does not take a new day
To make a brand new start,
It only takes a deep desire
To try with all our heart,
To live a little better
And to be always forgiving
And to add a little sunshine
To the world in which we are living.
So never give up in despair
And think that you are through
For theres always a tomorrow
And the hope of starting new.
1.Complete the sentence suitably.
In the first stanza, the poet says that all of us _____________________________
_________________________________________________________________
2.According to the poet , to make a new start we need to
a.____________________________________________
b.____________________________________________
3.___________________________________ means to purposely try to forget an
unpleasant memory.
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4. What message does the poet give us in the last stanza?


____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

KINDS OF

SENTENCES

Declarative - A
declarative sentence makes
a statement. A declarative sentence ends with a full stop.
Example: The house will be built on a hill.
I believe that honesty is the best policy.
I study in Delhi Private School, Dubai.

Interrogative - An interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative


sentence ends with a question mark.
Example: How did you find the card?
Is the assembly over?
Have you met the new Principal?
Exclamatory - An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling or emotion. These
sentences are usually used to express sudden joy, surprise, fear, anger, sorrow,
wonder etc. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark.
Example: The monster is attacking!
What a brilliant idea!
Oh no! We lost again.
Imperative - An imperative sentence gives a command, order, advice, suggestion or
makes a request.
Example: Come here immediately. (command )
Cheryl, try the other door. (suggestion)
May I borrow your eraser, please? (request)
Tell the boy to wear his shoes. (order)
Always think before you speak. (advice)
Sometimes the subject of an imperative sentence (you) is understood.
Example: Look in the closet. (You, look in the closet.)

Exercise:
Add the end punctuation mark and state the kind of sentence:
1.How old are you ___________________________________
2.I am eleven years old________________________________
3.Please open the door for me__________________________
4.My shoe is on fire__________________________________
5.Why will I do that__________________________________
6.I want to help you__________________________________
7.She is a hard working girl____________________________
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8.How cruel he was__________________________________


9.Do your homework on time__________________________
10.Be quiet__________________________________________

TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES
Transformation is changing the form of a sentence without changing its meaning.
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Assertive to Imperative Sentence


Rules
Rule:01
Rule:02
Rule:03
Rule:04
Rule:05

Assertive
Subject (2nd person)
Affirmative
Subject (2nd person)
Negative / never
Subject (1st/3rd person)
Affirmative
Subject (1st/3rd person)
negative
Subject (3rd person +
noun)

Imperative
(verb+ object+ extra)= expressing order
Please/Kindly +v +o +e)=expressing request
Do not+ v+ o+ e
Or
Never+ v+ o+ e
Let+ s+ v+ o+ e
Let+ s+ not+ v+ o+ e
Let+ noun subject+ v+ o+ e

Exercises
Change the following sentences as directed:
1.Everybody longs to live in prosperity.
Who __________________________________________________________
2.Her health became worse in her old age.
Her health didnt __________________________________________________
3.There is no one who does not know it.
Everybody_______________________________________________________
4.I cant swim as well as Tom. Hint: use better
Tom ___________________________________________________________
5.There isnt much difference between the policies of the two parties.
The policies of the two parties are____________________________________
6. I won't agree until Tom's apologised.
Only when _____________________________________________________
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7.We expect he will arrive by nine oclock.


He is_________________________________________________________
Transform the given sentences as instructed:
1.We will never forget these good days. (Interrogative)
__________________________________________________________
2.It was a very beautiful sight. (Exclamatory)

___________________________________________________________
3.Will you open the door, please? (Imperative)
__________________________________________________________
4.Oh, were I a princess! (Assertive)
__________________________________________________________
5.We can work harder.(Interrogative)
__________________________________________________________

TENSES

The tense of a verb means the form of the verb which shows the time and the state of
an action or event in the Past, Present or Future.
1.When a verb denotes an action done in the present time, the verb is said to be
in the Present Tense. Example: Peter works hard.
2.When a verb denotes an action done in the past time, the verb is said to be in
the Past Tense. Example: Peter worked hard.
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3.When a verb denotes an action done in the future time, the verb is said to be
in the Future Tense. Example: Peter will work hard.

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


The Simple Present Tense is used:
a) To express present state of an action.
Example: She looks cheerful in her new dress.
You are in a happy mood today.
b) For habitual actions.
Example: John brushes his teeth after every meal.
The train daily leaves the station at 5 oclock.
c) For timeless and universal truths.
Example: The sun rises in the east.
The earth is round.
d) For scheduled future actions.
Example: The movie starts at 2 p.m.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Present Continuous tense is used:
a) To express action taking place at the present moment / at the time of speaking.
Example: I am packing my bag now.
The books are lying in the shelf.
b) For activities planned for the future.
Example: My elder brother is coming from Canada tomorrow.
Rains are going to be heavy this year.
(Present Continuous tense has is / are / am + verb + ing)
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
The Present Perfect Tense is used:
a) For actions which began in the past and continuing to the present moment. Example:
The beggar has not eaten in two days.
My uncle has been in the trade of cloth since 1990.
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b) To express the completion of an action which started sometime in the past. Example:
The climbers have reached the summit.
We have already finished eleven chapters of the book.
(Present Perfect Tense has has / have + verb in past participle)
Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with Simple Present Tense of the verb given in the bracket.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

It ____________ (happen) only rarely in life.


We _____________ (celebrate) the Diwali with great pomp and show.
The earth _____________ (move) round the sun.
It never ____________ (rain) but it ___________ (pour).
I ____________ (love) to have new toys every now and then.

Exercise 2
Fill in the blanks with Present Continuous form of the verb given in the bracket.
1. A moon eclipse ____________________ (take) place next month.
2. I can see rain water _____________________ (trickle) down from the leaves of
the trees.
3. _____________ you _____________ (wait) for anybody?
4. My brother ________ not __________ (let) the horse drink water.
5. _________the inauguration ceremony of our new showroom ______________
(take) place tomorrow morning?

Exercise 3
Fill in the blanks with Present Perfect Tense form of the verb given in the bracket.
1.
2.
3.
4.

My grandmother ______________________ (tell) me a funny story.


All my plans ________________________ (come) to nothing.
She ___________ never _______________ (speak) ill of you.
We _______________________ (visit) the Delhi Zoological Park more than

once.
5. The peon ___________ not ____________ (ring) the bell.
Exercise 4
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Identify the Present form of tenses in the sentences.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

She writes well.________________________________


I have opened the gate.____________________________
Look! It is raining. ____________________________
Air expands when heated._______________________________
Mary is coming to my house tomorrow._____________________________
He has taught in the school for more than twenty years. ________________

SIMPLE PAST TENSE


The Simple Past Tense is used for:
a) Completed past actions or activity in the past.
Example: The game ended at 5.30 p.m.
Sheila called Anita for help.
b) Past habitual actions.
Example: She cried a lot when she was a little girl.
Father went out for an early morning walk daily.
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Past Continuous Tense is used:
a) For actions that were happening at some time in the past.
Example: This morning, we were jogging in the park together.
Mr. Roy was planting trees during the rainy season.
b) To mark an action which was going on when a second one took place. Example: They
were sleeping when the fire broke out.
I was flying a kite on the roof when mother called me downstairs.
c) For two or more actions progressing at the same time in the past.
Example: The girls were singing while the boys were clapping.
We were listening when the grandfather was telling an absorbing story
about ghosts and fairies.
(Past Continuous tense has was / were + verb + ing)
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PAST PERFECT TENSE


The Past Perfect Tense is used to show a sequence of actions in the past. Example: He
forgot where he had left the keys.
By the time the wedding part arrived, we had made all the necessary preparations.
(Past Perfect Tense has had + verb in the past participle)
Exercise 5
Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past Tense of the verb given in the bracket.
1. Jaya __________________ (keep) me in the dark about the matter.
2. I ________________ (go) to see off my friend at the railway station last night.
3. Mr. Das ____________________ (leave) for London day before yesterday.
4. The fox ____________________ (try) in vain to reach the bunch of grapes.
5. I __________________ (switch) off the light before I __________ (go) to bed.
Exercise 6
Fill in the blanks with the Past Continuous Tense of the verb in the bracket:
1. The children ____________________________ (pluck) flowers in the garden.
2. It began to rain when our bus _____________________ (pass) over the bridge.
3. The teacher ________________________ (teach) the second lesson when
entered the classroom.
4. Mother _____________________________ (knit) while the baby
__________________________ (sleep) in the cradle.
5. The teacher _______________________ (have) the roll call of the class.
Exercise 7
Fill in the blanks with the Past Perfect Tense of the verb given in the bracket.
1. My friend ____________________________ (deliver) the post before it was 5 p.m.
2. We _________________________ (occupy) our seats before the show started.
3. The man __________________________ (see) many ups and downs in his life
before he reached the age of sixty.
4. Hardly ______________ the train _________________ (cover) a few kilometers
when it met with an accident.
5. Miss Nancy ___________________________ (come) for an interview, but it was
postponed.
Exercise 8
Identify the Past form of tenses in the sentences.
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1. Mr. Brown wanted to see you yesterday. ________________________________


2. I was having my lunch when the telephone rang.__________________________
3. The show had already begun when we entered the theatre.___________________
4. While the boys were collecting firewood, the girls were preparing the
food._____________________________
5. They played basketball every weekend last month._________________________
SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
The Simple Future Tense is used:
a) To show future actions.
Example: I shall visit Tom tomorrow.
They will come here tomorrow to pay a visit to us.
b) To express determination, promise, order or command.
Example: I will work hard to get a scholarship.
You shall keep quiet at all costs.
c) To express natural phenomenon.
Example: The sun will rise in the east.
It will snow on the mountains during the winter season.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Future Continuous Tense is used:
a) To express the continuity of an expected action in the future.
Example: We shall be waiting for the train at the platform.
It will be raining heavily tomorrow morning.
b) Indicate the continuity of an expected action in the future when the second action
takes place.
Example: When they leave Singapore, I shall be seeing them off at the airport.
I shall be taking my breakfast when I hear a knock at the door.
(Future Continuous Tense has will / shall + be + verb + ing)
Exercise 9
Fill in the blanks with the Simple Future Tense of the verb given in the bracket:
1. I ___________________________ (like) to have a cold drink instead of coffee.
2. The police ___________________________ (catch) the thieves in the long run.
3. The train ____________________________ (start) at the scheduled departure.
4. We ___________________________ (visit) our town tomorrow.
5. My friends____________________________ (swim) in the pool till 8 oclock.
Exercise 10
Fill in the blanks with the Future Continuous Tense of the verb given in the bracket.
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1.
2.

4.
5.

The boss _______________________________ (dictate) letters to the secretary.


The smoke __________________________ (rise) from the chimney in the factory.
3. The government ____________________________ (take) up the Metro Railway
Project on war-footing.
We ________________________________ (have) an elephant ride in the zoo.
You ___________________________________ (enjoy) yourself at the party.
Reading and Discussion
Verbs are the action words in a sentence. Verbs show action or state of being. Every
sentence you write must have a verb. You can have a one word sentence as long as
that word is a verb. Go. Eat. Run! These are all correct sentences.
Another important thing you need to remember about verbs is their tense. Verb
tenses tell us when the action happens.
Present tense tells us the action is happening now. I walk my dog.
Past tense tells us the action happened in the past. I walked my dog yesterday.
Future tense tells us the action will happen in the future. I will walk my dog next
week.
With future tense, you must use the helping verb will before the main verb.
Thats a lot to remember, isnt it? Did you know there is another set of three you
need to know as well? Each verb has three main parts. They are
1. present;
2. past;
3. past participle.
Although it might sound confusing, its really very simple. Participles help show
tense or act as adjectives. Lets concentrate on participles to help show tense. The
present form of a verb is used by itself for present tense or with the helping word
will to make future tense.
The past form of a regular verb is written with the ed ending to show a happening in
the past. The past participle is used with the helping verbs have, has or had to form
three perfect tenses. Lets look at some examples:
I jump. (Now present tense.)
I will jump. (Future future tense.)
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I jumped. (Past past tense.)


These are two forms of the verb to jump.
Now lets look at the third form of the verb to jump and its past participles.
Each past participle can make three more tenses. These are called the perfect
tenses. Remember when you write a verb as a past participle, you must use the
helping verbs has, have, or had. The perfect tenses are:
Present Perfect: I have jumped.
Past Perfect: I had jumped.
Future Perfect: I will have jumped.
Here is an easy way to remember those perfect tenses.
1. Present perfect is an action that you started in the past and have just finished or is
still going on.
I have jumped on this trampoline all day.
You started to jump in the morning and are still jumping through the day.
2. Past perfect is an action you started in the past and finished in the past.
I had jumped on the trampoline all day.
You started to jump in the past and finished jumping. You are not jumping now.
3. Future perfect is an action that will be started and finished at a certain time in the
future.
By nine oclock tonight, I will have jumped on the trampoline all day.

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Activities
Activity A: Name the two kinds of verbs used in a sentence.
1. ____________________ 2. ____________________
Activity B: Write the three verb tenses.
1. _________________ 2. _________________ 3. _________________
Activity C: Write the three principal parts of a verb.
1. _________________ 2. _________________ 3. _________________
Activity D: Write the three past participle tenses.
1. _________________ 2. _________________ 3. _________________
Activity E: Fill in the blanks in the sentences below to describe when each past
participle takes place.
1. _____________________________ is an action that you started in the past
and finished or is still going on.
2. _____________________________ is an action you started in the past and
finished in the past.
3. _____________________________ is an action that will be started and
finished at a certain time in the future.
Activity F: Write the present and present perfect tenses of the verb to laugh.
1. Present tense _____________2. Present perfect tense _____________
Activity G: Write the past tense and past perfect tense of the verb to giggle.
1. Past tense _____________ 2. Past perfect tense _________________
Simple Present

Simple Past

Past Participle

arise
awake
be
bear
beat
become
begin
bend
bet
bite
bleed
blow
break

arose
awoke
was, were
bore
beat
became
began
bent
bet
bit
bled
blew
broke

arisen
awoken
been
borne
beaten or beat
become
begun
bent
bet
bitten
bled
blown
broken

bring
build
burn
burst
buy
catch
choose
cling
come
cost
creep
cut
deal
dig
dive
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
fit
flee
fling
fly
forbid
forget
forgive
forgo
freeze
get
give
go
grind
grow

brought
built
burned or burnt
burst
bought
caught
chose
clung
came
cost
crept
cut
dealt
dug
dived or dove
did
drew
dreamed or dreamt
drank
drove
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
fit, fitted
fled
flung
flew
forbade or forbad
forgot
forgave
forwent
froze
got
gave
went
ground
grew

brought
built
burned or burnt
burst
bought
caught
chosen
clung
come
cost
crept
cut
dealt
dug
dived
done
drawn
dreamed or dreamt
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
fit, fitted
fled
flung
flown,
forbidden or forbade
forgotten
forgiven
forgone
frozen
gotten or got
given
gone
ground
grown

hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
kneel
knit
know
lay
lead
leap
leave
lend
let
lie (down)
light
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
prove
put
quit
read
ride
ring
rise
run
saw
say
see
seek
sell
send
set
sew

hung or hanged
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt or kneeled
knitted or knit
knew
laid
led
leapt or leaped
left
lent
let
lay
lit or lighted
lost
made
meant
met
paid
proved
put
quit
read
rode
rang
rose
ran
sawed
said
saw
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed

hung or hanged
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt or kneeled
knitted or knit
known
laid
led
leapt or leaped
left
lent
let
lain
lit or lighted
lost
made
meant
met
paid
proved or proven
put
quit
read
ridden
rung
risen
run
sawed or sawn
said
seen
sought
sold
sent
set
sewn or sewed

shake
shave
shear
shine
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
slay
sleep
slide
sneak
speak
speed
spend
spill
spin
spit
split
spread
spring
stand
steal
stick
sting
stink
strew
strike
strive
swear
sweep
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell

shook
shaved
sheared
shone or shined
shot
showed
shrank or shrunk
shut
sang
sank
sat
slew
slept
slid
sneaked or snuck
spoke
sped
spent
spilled or spilt
spun
spat or spit
split
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stung
stank or stunk
strewed
struck
strove or strived
swore
swept
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told

shaken
shaved or shaven
sheared or shorn
shone or shined
shot
shown or showed
shrunk or shrunken
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slain
slept
slid
sneaked or snuck
spoken
sped
spent
spilled or spilt
spun
spat or spit
split
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stung
stunk
strewn
struck or stricken
striven or strived
sworn
swept
swum
swung
taken
taught
torn
told

think
thrive
throw
undergo
understand
upset
wake
wear
weave
weep
win
wind
withdraw
wring
write

thought
thrived or throve
threw
underwent
understood
upset
woke or waked
wore
wove
wept
won
wound
withdrew
wrung
wrote

thought
thrived or thriven
thrown
undergone
understood
upset
woken or waked
worn
woven
wept
won
wound
withdrawn
wrung
written