Anda di halaman 1dari 10

ABSTRACT

FPGA Based Hybrid Power Cascaded Multilevel Inverter is an step towards


the introduction of FPGA capabilities in the field of power electronics and in
this project we have tried to utilize the fast switching capability of FPGA on
cascaded multilevel inverter, as FPGA can enhance the functionality of any
multilevel network due to its relatively far better processing speed then any
microcontroller or general microprocessors. FPGA was used for the
mathematical calculations and the mathematically formulated results were
then transformed into the Verilog code so as for the calculations of various
parameters of the inverter circuitry. FPGA was also holding the charge
ofcontrolling the smooth battery charging phenomenon by charging circuitry
having a variable potential showing renewable energy sources at input.
Further more FPGA was used to interact with the LabVIEW where a user
friendly monitoring environment was built for the end user with the help of
block diagram programming.

INDEX
SECTION

SECTION 4

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4

4.5
4.6

TOPIC

LABVIEW MONITORING
OBJECTIVE
WHAT WE REQUIRED
WHAT IS LABVIEW MONITORING
REQUIRMENT AND CHALLENGES FOR
LABVIEW
BLOCK DIAGRAM ON LABVIEW
FRONT PANEL ON LABVIEW

PAGE#

4.1) OBJECTIVE:
The objective of this part was to provide the system debugger or system
maintenance in charge with a suitable environment for monitoring. Providing

4
a suitable monitoring environment
means toM
enable
the system debugger or
LABVIEW
ONITORING
system maintenance in charge to observe the wide spread system under one
roof and on a single bench, and the monitoring tool used should be that much
capable so as it can allow the end user to get full knowledge of the state and
condition of the operations and flow of outputs and inputs of the system.
Since monitoring in regards of the hybrid power systems means to gather
information from the various parts of the systems and display them via
suitable monitoring mechanism. As hybrid power systems are always spread
on wide areas consisting of solar panels, wind turbine, battery banks,
conventional power sources, there switching circuitries, there forward
circuitries like MPPT, charge controller, DC to DC converter, inverter and etc.
So end user required a very efficient mechanism for monitoring these devices
and their parameters.Which can manage all the information without involving
very complex circuitry.

4.2) WHAT WE REQUIRED:


for our FPGA based Hybrid Power Cascaded Multilevel Inverter and
Monitoring System we have utilized the efficient switching and controlling
capabilities of the FPGA which enables us to produce an efficient output from
the multistage inverter then we have selected an efficient circuitry from the
IEEE research paper that allows us to reduce the circuit complexity and the
components without effecting the output.
So we required to buildup an efficient environment for monitoring which can
further enhance our system overall response and functionality by providing a
suitable monitoring environment to our end user so he can monitor the
following desired parameters of our cascaded Multilevel Inverter

Vrms of the Inverter


Total Harmonic Distortion
Distortion Factor
Harmonic Distortion

4.3) WHAT IS LABVIEW MONITORING:

LabVIEW is an extremely productive environment for generating customized


applications of visualization which are help full in monitoring and interacting
with real-world data, signals or information that are sent to it for monitoring.
For a monitoring a system the monitoring tool should be capable of
identifying the changes,breakdowns, shoot-up and different types of variation
accruing in the system so as it can collect all these information and represent it
to the end user with its visualizing environment. The processing abilities of
LabVIEW can help you collect and gather the details and information we
required and keep our monitoring system operating efficiently.
LabVIEW can do offline and online analysis process by gathering information
variables through internet, intranet or some dedicated hardware and can
display them.
Once the information or signals are send to LabVIEW, the end user can
accomplish plenty of tasks with that data in LabVIEW including data
monitoring, data transforming, data logging or data transporting.
Implementing a monitoring solution for a distributed control and distributed
segments containing system we have to deal with the processes functioning in
each segment of the system and had to generate the response which should be

reliable, reasonable and had a negligible amount or preferred to have no data


loss, so we have to implement proper collection mechanism at the back end.
Data in LabVIEW can be from a one and single source or multiple sources
also lab view is capable of providing a monitoring environment for the live
and stored sources. Dealing with one data transmitting point is relatively an
easier operation to perform, Where as dealing with multiple sources and data
transmitting point require more complex circuitry at the back end as well it
requires more systemic options involvement of the LabVIEW itself so as to
correctly multiplex the data from various live sources and manage them
accurately and further utilize it to produce visualization of the data set in a
proper manner so as the end user can observe the system information and
behavior accurately without any difficulty further more the source can be a
live web source transmitting with the help of internet from distance places or
any other live communicator from the site to the monitoring room . In addition
of the live data processing and its displaying options the data can be loaded
from the pre recorded sources or log which has been maintained separately
and that data then can be used to and can further presented in a very user
friendly environment

4.4) REQUIRMENT AND CHALLENGES FOR


LABVIEW

4.4.1 REQUIREMENT
The FPGA based Hybrid Power and Monitoring System requires LabVIEW
for the monitoring of system parameters comprising the view of four live
parameters which are taken from the circuitry and then there calculations are
being made on the FPGA with the help of the formulas which are formed as a
result of the mathematical calculations made for the circuitry and are then
these mathematical calculations are utilized to form code on Verilog which
enables FPGA to perform calculations and the results of calculations are then
stored in the 32 bit registers which are then send to the LabVIEW serially( i.e.
via serial cable).

4.4.2 CHALLENGES
The challenges faced in developing the Monitoring Environment on the
LabVIEW were as follow
Receiving 32 bit information of a single parameter from 8 bit serial
cable.
Sorting out the four different set of data coming from single path
without mixing parts and identifying the correct packet for the correct
parameter and then placing it correctly to its destination.
Frequent updating of the data coming from the system continuously and
avoiding data loss at any instant.
Developing user friendly environment for monitoring of our selected
parameters.

4.5) BLOCK DIAGRAM ON LABVIEW


The development of the monitoring environment on LabVIEW required block
diagram programming on the software were the required set of functions were
performed by utilizing the capabilities of the tools and options provided by the
LabVIEW and all the above mentioned challenges were sorted out and
atmosphere was thus finally being built

4.6) FRONT PANEL ON LABVIEW


The user friendly environment of the LabVIEW was built and the user
interacting screen named front panel was developed with the help of
LabVIEW tools so as the end user can monitor the changes and variation
occurring in real time in our desired and selected four parameters of The
FPGA based Hybrid Power and Monitoring System.