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AC UPS CALCULATION

Project
Engineer

none
J.Ravelo

Date:

27-Oct-14

LOAD LIST
ITEM
L1
L2
L3
L4
L5
L6
L7
L8
L9
L10
L11
L12
L13
L14
L15
L16
L17
L18
L19
L20
L21
L22
L23

TAG NO.
CCTV-001
CCTV-002
CCTV-003
CCTV-004

DESCRIPTION
DCS CABINET
ESD CABINET
TELECOM CABINET
COMPUTER CONSOLE

AC Voltage
240Vac
240Vac
240Vac
240Vac

Load (kW)
0.17
0.17
0.1275
0.0765

Load (kVAR)
0.105
0.105
0.079
0.047

Load kVA
0.200
0.200
0.150
0.090

0.544

0.336

0.639

TOTAL

=
=
=

Hours
0
2
2
4
4
6
6

L4+L1+L2+L3
L1+L2+L3
L3

kVA
0.639
0.639
0.550
0.550
0.150
0.150
0.000

=
=
=

0.639
0.550
0.150

kVA
kVA
kVA

2 h
2 h
2 h

0.600

0.500

0.400

0.300

0.200

0.100

0.000
0

3
4
Time (hours)

1of6

kVAh
0.80
0.80
0.90
0.18

2.68

Load Energy Profile

0.700

Load (kVA)

A1
A2
A3

Duration (h)
4
4
6
2

Design Load Apparent Power


Sd

Sp x kg x kc

Sp
kg
kc

=
=
=

Peak load apparent power (kVA)


Contingency for future load (5-20%)
Design Margin to account for potential inaccuracies in estimatin (10-15%)

=
=
=

0.639
1.1
1.1

kVA
pu
pu

Sd

Design load apparent power (VA)

0.774

kVA

=
=
=
=

1
0.8
0.800
0.600

kVA
pf
kW
kVAR

=
=
=

1
240
2.41

kVA
Vac
amps

amps

=
=
=
=
=
=

120
1.1
1.6
1.2
115
1.8

Selected UPS
Note: kW and kVAR of Inverter shall be sufficient to feed the demand load

Inverter and Static Switch Sizing


S
Vo
I

=
=
=

3 phase UPS apparent power


nominal output ac voltage
S/(1.732 x Vo)

Selected inverter and static switch rated current


Battery & System Data
Nominal DC Voltage System
Battery End of Discharge Voltage per cell
Battery Maximum Equalizing Voltage per cell
Battery Float Charge Voltage per cell
Inverter minimum voltage
DC system 1.5% voltage Drop

Vdc
Vpc
Vpc
Vpc
Vdc
Vdc

No. Of Cells Calculation


=

Inverter minimum voltage + DC system 1.5% voltage Drop


Battery End of Discharge

Selected no. Of cells

106.18182 cells

110

cells

176

Vdc

121

Vdc

174.2

Vdc

119.2

Vdc

130.2

Vdc

Max voltage at battery terminal during Boost Chargin


Maximum Equalizing Voltage per cell x no. Of cells
(Note: Battery charger voltage shall not exceed terminal max voltage of battery)
Min voltage at battery terminal during End Discharge
End of Discharge Voltage per cell x no. Of cells
Final Max voltage at Inverter Terminal
Max voltage at battery terminal - DC sys % voltage drop
(Note: inverter max voltage needs to be higher than this calculated value)
Final Min voltage at Inverter Terminal
Min voltage at battery terminal - DC sys % voltage drop
Final voltage at Inverter during float charge
(Battery float charge voltage per cell x no. Of cell) - DC sys % voltage drop
(Note: result shall be within max & min voltage of inverter)

2of6

Battery Capacity for UPS


AH

Et x pf x TC x AF x DF
EFF x no. Of cells x End Discharge Voltage per cell

Et
pf
EFF
TC
AF
DF

=
=
=
=
=
=

Total load energy (kVAh)


load power factor
Inverter effciency
Temperature compensating factor
Battery aging factor
Design Factor

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.68
0.85
0.8
1
1.25
1.1

Calculated Battery Capacity Ampere-Hour

Selected Battery Ampere-Hour

50

kVAh
pf
pu
pu
pu
pu

32.364302 Ah
Ah

6hours

Battery Charger Calculation


A

[(SF x L) + (AH x BIF/Rt)] x (DM/Kt)

SF
L
AH
BIF
Rt
DM
Kt

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Charger Service Factor


Continuous Current in Amps (Inverter load)
Ampere Hour
Battery Inefficient Factor
Recharge Time in Hours
Design Margin
Temperature Correction Factor

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.1
4.8113934
50
1.15
10
1
0.84

Calculated Charger Rating

13.15

amps

=
=

15
120

amps
Vdc

Selected Battery Charger Rating


Note:Charger voltage shall not exceed battery max voltage

3of6

pu
amps
Ah
pu
hours
pu
at 50C
pu

AC UPS CALCULATION
Project
Engineer

None
J.Ravelo

Date:

27-Oct-14

LOAD LIST
ITEM
L1
L2
L3
L4
L5
L6
L7
L8
L9
L10
L11
L12
L13
L14
L15
L16
L17
L18
L19
L20
L21
L22
L23

TAG NO.
CCTV-001
CCTV-002
CCTV-003
CCTV-004

DESCRIPTION
DCS CABINET
ESD CABINET
TELECOM CABINET
COMPUTER CONSOLE

AC Voltage
240Vac
240Vac
240Vac
240Vac

Load (kW)
0.17
0.17
0.1275
0.0765

Load (kVAR)
0.105
0.105
0.079
0.047

Load kVA
0.200
0.200
0.150
0.090

0.544

0.336

0.639

TOTAL

Hours
0
2
2
4
4
6
6

=
=
=

L4+L1+L2+L3
L1+L2+L3
L3

kVA
0.639
0.639
0.550
0.550
0.150
0.150
0.000

=
=
=

0.639
0.550
0.150

kVA
kVA
kVA

2h
2h
2h

0.600

0.500

0.400

0.300

0.200

0.100

0.000
0

3
4
Time (hours)

4of6

kVAh
0.80
0.80
0.90
0.18

2.68

Load Energy Profile

0.700

Load (kVA)

A1
A2
A3

Duration (h)
4
4
6
2

Design Load Apparent Power


Sd

Sp x kg x kc

Sp
kg
kc

=
=
=

Peak load apparent power (kVA)


Contingency for future load (5-20%)
Design Margin to account for potential inaccuracies in estimatin (10-15%)

=
=
=

0.639
1.1
1.1

kVA
pu
pu

Sd

Design load apparent power (VA)

0.774

kVA

=
=
=
=

1
0.8
0.800
0.600

kVA
pf
kW
kVAR

=
=
=

1
240
2.41

kVA
Vac
amps

amps

=
=
=
=
=
=

120
1.1
1.6
1.2
115
1.8

Selected UPS
Note: kW and kVAR of Inverter shall be sufficient to feed the demand load

Inverter and Static Switch Sizing


S
Vo
I

=
=
=

3 phase UPS apparent power


nominal output ac voltage
S/(1.732 x Vo)

Selected inverter and static switch rated current

Battery & System Data


Nominal DC Voltage System
Battery End of Discharge Voltage per cell
Battery Maximum Equalizing Voltage per cell
Battery Float Charge Voltage per cell
Inverter minimum voltage
DC system 1.5% voltage Drop

Vdc
Vpc
Vpc
Vpc
Vdc
Vdc

No. Of Cells Calculation


=

Inverter minimum voltage + DC system 1.5% voltage Drop


Battery End of Discharge

Selected no. Of cells

106.18182 cells

110

cells

176

Vdc

121

Vdc

=
=
=
=
=

0.639
0.85
0.8
1
1.25
1.1

kVA
pu
pu
pu
pu
pu

0.94

KWb

0.0085

Max voltage at battery terminal during Boost Chargin


Maximum Equalizing Voltage per cell x no. Of cells
Min voltage at battery terminal during End Discharge
End of Discharge Voltage per cell x no. Of cells
Battery Load
kWb

Sp
pf
EFF
TC
AF
DF

=
=
=
=
=
=

Sp x pf x TC x AF x DF
EFF

Peak load apparent power (kVA)


load power factor
Inverter effciency
Temperature compensating factor
Battery aging factor
Design Factor

Battery load in kWb


kWb/cell
kWb/cell

kWb
no. Of cells

5of6

KWb /cell

From Manufacturer the selected kWb/cell


It would probably economical to increase the number of cell when selecting KW/cell

0.008

KWb /cell

116.875

cell

187

Vdc

New No. Of cell


no. Of cells =

kWb
kWb/cell

New Max voltage at battery terminal during Boost Chargin


Maximum Equalizing Voltage per cell x no. Of cells
(Note: Battery charger voltage shall not exceed terminal max voltage of battery)
New Min voltage at battery terminal during End Discharge
End of Discharge Voltage x no. Of cells

128.5625 Vdc

Final Max voltage at Inverter Terminal


Max voltage at battery terminal - DC sys % voltage drop
(Note: inverter max voltage needs to be higher than this calculated value)

185.2

Vdc

Final Min voltage at Inverter Terminal


Min voltage at battery terminal - DC sys % voltage drop

126.7625 Vdc

Final voltage at Inverter during float charge


(Battery float charge voltage per cell x no. Of cell) - DC sys % voltage drop
(Note: result shall be within max & min voltage of inverter)

138.45

Vdc

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.68
0.85
0.8
1
1.25
1.1

kVAh
pf
pu
pu
pu
pu

Battery Capacity for UPS


AH

Et
pf
EFF
TC
AF
DF

Et x pf x TC x AF x DF
EFF x no. Of cells x End Discharge Voltage per cell
=
=
=
=
=
=

Total load energy (kVAh)


load power factor
Inverter effciency
Temperature compensating factor
Battery aging factor
Design Factor

Calculated Battery Capacity Ampere-Hour

30.460519 Ah

Selected Battery Ampere-Hour

50

Ah

6hours

Battery Charger Calculation


A

[(SF x L) + (AH x BIF/Rt)] x (DM/Kt)

SF
L
AH
BIF
Rt
DM
Kt

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Charger Service Factor


Continuous Current in Amps (Inverter load)
Ampere Hour
Battery Inefficient Factor
Recharge Time in Hours
Design Margin
Temperature Correction Factor

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.1
4.8113934
50
1.15
10
1
0.84

Calculated Charger Rating

13.15

amps

=
=

15
120

amps
Vdc

Selected Battery Charger Rating


Note:Charger voltage shall not exceed battery max voltage

6of6

pu
amps
Ah
pu
hours
pu
at 50C
pu