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CAE-CAD-CAM

TECHNIQUES FOR
DEVELOPMENT OF
ELECTRONIC MODULES
Ciprian Ionescu
Faculty of Electronics and Information Technology
University Politehnica of Bucharest
Center of Technological Electronics and Interconnection Techniques - CETTI

Demonstration in OrCAD
The electronic module proposed for demonstration can be
used for digitally displaying of voltage or current of an
available laboratory power supply.

Schematic 1- Initial data for PCB module design

First of all some words about the working principle of the circuit.
The schematics from fig. 2 will not be used, but it suggests a required
intervention in the existing power supply.
The main change is the insertion of the series (shunt) resistor R6.
The connection of the module with the power supply will be assured by the
connector pins A-F.

Working principle (continued)


The switch between the U/I display mode is done by the DPDT
(Double Pole Double Throw) switch S1 (not included in our PCB).
For voltage measurement the voltage applied to IC1 is divided by the
group R1-P4 in a quotient 1:100. The decimal point of LD3 and the LED
V are lit on, the display resolution is 0,1 V.
For current measurement the voltage drop at R6, is applied directly at
HI-LO terminals of the DAC circuit IC1. In this case there are two
possible scale connections (a) - 09,99 A or connection (b)- 00,999 A.
In these cases the shunt resistor must have the values 0.1 ,
respectively 1 .
The circuit has 4 adjustment points:
P1 null point adjustment for current domain
P2 full scale calibration for current
P3 null point adjustment for voltage domain
P4 full scale calibration for voltage
The adjustments must be done in this order.

Demonstration of design flow in OrCAD


First of any CAD activity we must find the answer to some questions:
How the case (housing) will look like?
How the circuit is powered?
How many PCBs will be necessary?
How many layers will have the PCB?
How many connectors we will use?
We will use SMD or THT components? Etc.
To answer to some of the questions we must see the CAD project as part
of a construction project.

FIRST ACTIVITY: Gathering information about components


Source: Distributors Catalogue, Producer Data Sheets from Web, etc.

C2,C3 Multilayer ceramic


capacitors MCC

C1 Metalized film capacitor

C4 Aluminium Electrolytic
Capacitor

R1-R5 Metal film resistors

P1-P4 Multi Turn Cermet Trimmers

LD1-LD3 7 Segments LED Display

D1-D2 LEDs for Volts or Amps Display

B1- 1.5 A Bridge Rectifier

SW1 SPDT Switch

J1 Jack female connector

J2 In-line pins connector

T4, T5 small signal transistors

T1- T3 medium power transistors

U1 A/D Converter

U2 BCD Decoder

U3 Voltage Regulator

NEXT STEP:
Realization of the Schematic Drawing

File New Project

Schematic Page of the module as apears in Capture

Art.

Qty.

Ref.

Value

Part Name/Library

PCB Footprint (Library)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1

B40C1000
270n
100n
470u/25V
Ampers
Volts
CONN PCB 2-R
CONN PCB 6-R
LED7S
50k
10k
10M
1k
82k
82R
82R
15k
27k
SW KEY-SPDT
BC640
BC547B
BC557B
CA3162
CA3161
LM7805

BRIDGE/DISCRETE
CAP/DISCRETE
CAP/DISCRETE
CAP POL/DISCRETE
LED/DISCRETE
LED/DISCRETE
CONN PCB 2-R/CONNECTOR
CONN PCB 6-R/ CONNECTOR
LED7S-new created
TRIM new created
TRIM new created
TRIM new created
TRIM new created

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

B1
C1
C2,C3
C4
D1
D2
J1
J2
LD1,2,3
P1
P2
P3
P4
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5
SW1
T1,T2,T3
T4
T5
U1
U2
U3

BR_40 new created


RAD/.300X.125/LS.200/.031 (TM_RAD)
RAD/.250X.125/LS.200/.031 (TM_RAD)
CPCYL/D.400/LS.200/.034 (TM_CAP_P)
CYL/D.200/LS.100/.031 (TM_CYLND)
CYL/D.200/LS.100/.031 (TM_CYLND)
CON_PWR- new created
SIP/TM/L.600/6 (SIP)
LED7S- new created
VRES16 (VRES)
VRES16 (VRES)
VRES16 (VRES)
VRES16 (VRES)
AX/.350X.100/.031 (TM_AXIAL)
AX/.350X.100/.031 (TM_AXIAL)
AX/.350X.100/.031 (TM_AXIAL)
AX/.350X.100/.031 (TM_AXIAL)
AX/.350X.100/.031 (TM_AXIAL)
SPDT- new created

R/DISCRETE
R/DISCRETE
R/DISCRETE
R/DISCRETE
R/DISCRETE
SW KEY-SPDT/DISCRETE
BC640/TRANSISTOR
BC547B/TRANSISTOR
BC557/TRANSISTOR
CA3162- new created
CA3161- new created
LM7805- new created

TO92/100 (TO)
TO92/100 (TO)
TO92/100 (TO)
DIP.100/16/W.300/L.800 (DIP100T)
DIP.100/16/W.300/L.800 (DIP100T)
TO220AB (TO)

Some parts ( symbols) or/and footprints must be created

Preparing Capture for transfer - Properties Editor

The correspondence symbol-footprint (SCM-PCB)


at Netlist transfer in Orcad.
Schematic Capture

PCB Layout

Obs.
Correspondence realized correctly.

Pin name
Pin number

Pin name

2
Correspondence realized correctly.

Pin name
Pin number

Pin name

K
Correspondence realized correctly.

Pin name
Pin number
Pin name
Pin number
Pin name
Pin number
Pin name
Pin number

A
1
A

1
2
1
*

K
2
K

2
1
2
*

Pin name

2
No correspondence found. Error at
AutoECO run.

Pin name

Pin name

Pin name

Attention! The correspondence is


found, but with wrong results. The
field Pin number has priority.
No correspondence found. Error at
AutoECO run.
* = any character different from
those found in field Pin name
from Layout. (1 resp. 2)

Recommendation:
Use numbers, majority of Layout libraries use numbers.
Exceptions: TM_CAP_P, TM_DIODE.
Modify symbols (parts) in libraries not in Schematic Page.
Take your time and think twice!

TRANSFER TO LAYOUT
The field PCB Footprint must be filled in (correctly).
DRC Verification.
Postprocessing: Netlist, Bill of Materials, Printing.
Nets verification - Not a CAD activity!!!

Import of Netlist in Layout Block:


File New
Technology template
Netlist
Layout file

Layout screen after import of the Netlist

In LAYOUT Block:
Establishment of design restrictions:
board outline
no. of layers
track widths
padstack assignments
route spacing
Component placement
Routing
DRC and final operations
Postprocessing: Gerber and NC Drill files, Printing, Reports

POST-PROCESSING
Options Gerber Settings

Options Post Process Settings

Final form of design in Orcad Layout

Postprocessing- Top layer

Postprocessing- Bottom layer

Postprocessing- Silk Mask

Postprocessing- Drill Drawing

Postprocessing- Solder Mask

Postprocessing- Assembly Drawing

Example of final operations