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Review Exercise 36

Subjective Questions
1.

In the diagram, the perimeter of the triangular flag is 30 cm. Formulate a linear
equation in terms of x and y.
2.

A circle has a radius of x cm. The difference between the circumference and its radius
22
is y cm. By taking =
, formulate a linear equation in terms of x and y.
7

3.

In an examination, a Mathematics test paper has 60 questions. In the paper, a


candidate obtained x questions correct, y questions wrong and 6 questions
unanswered. Write a linear equation in terms of x and y.

4.

Given that 2y = 7x + 5. Find


(a) the value of y when x = 1,
(b) the value of x when y = 13.

5.

Given that x + 4y = 9. Find


(a) the value of x when y = 3,
(b) the value of y when x = 5.

6.

Given that 3p 4q = 24. Determine the value of p when


(a)
q = 6,
(b)
q = 4.

7.

Given that 5y 6x + 30 = 0. Calculate the value of x when


(a)
y = 2,
(b)
y = 6.

8.

Copy and complete the table below for y = 13 6x.

9.

Copy and complete the following table for 2x + y = 10.

10.

If x and y are positive integers, state all the possible solutions for the equation
x + 2y = 6.

11.

The prices of 1 kg of fish and 1 kg of meat are RM2 and RM3 respectively. Rokiah
spent a total sum of RM24 to buy x kg of fish and y kg of meat. If x and y are
integers, find the possible values of x and y that satisfy the conditions of the problem.

Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 2008

Essential Mathematics PMR

Review Exercise 36

12.

Solve the following simultaneous linear equations by adding or subtracting.


(a) 3x + y = 9
4x y = 5
(b) 5x 3y = 3
7x + 3y = 9
(c) 2x + 7y = 12
2x 5y = 12
(d) 2x y = 11
3x y = 17

13.

By multiplying an equation with a number, solve the following simultaneous linear


equations.
(a) 3x + 5y = 28
x 2y = 2
(b) 3x y = 4
5x 2y = 6
(c) x + 8y = 13
2x 3y = 12
(d) 7x 5y = 11
3x + y = 11

14.

By multiplying both equations with suitable numbers, solve the following


simultaneous linear equations.
(a) 2x + 3y = 11
3x + 2y = 9
(b) 3x 2y = 12
2x + 5y = 8
(c) 4x + 7y = 6
5x + 8y = 6
(d) 7x + 10y = 11
8x 9y = 33

15.

Calculate the values of x and u that satisfy both of the following equations:
x 2u = 13
2x u = 11

16.

Calculate the values of r and y that satisfy both of the following equations:
1
r+y=1
4
r 3y = 17

17.

Calculate the values of m and n that satisfy both of the following equations:
3m + n = 2
5m 3n = 20

Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 2008

Essential Mathematics PMR

Review Exercise 36

18.

Calculate the values of f and k that satisfy both of the following equations:
4f + 3k = 19
f 6k = 52

19.

Calculate the values of p and t that satisfy both of the following equations:
4p + t = 14
1
p
t=1
5

20.

Calculate the values of u and z that satisfy both of the following equations
u 2z = 1
3u + z = 24

21.

Calculate the values of y and r that satisfy both of the following equations:
1
2y +
r = 16
2
5y r = 49

22.

Calculate the values of w and x that satisfy both of the following equations:
1
x
w=2
4
4x + 3w = 56

23.

Calculate the values of h and m that satisfy both of the following equations:
2h + 3m = 5
3h 4m = 33

24.

Calculate the values of t and y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear
equations:
1
t + 3y = 3
3
2t 9y = 36

25.

Calculate the values of m and n that satisfy the following simultaneous linear
equations.
5m + 2n = 1
3m n = 16

Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 2008

Essential Mathematics PMR